Oregon Photographers;
Biographical History and Directory
1851-1917

By Thomas Robinson



This is the directory of the 750 page reference book published about ten years ago, it is now out of print.


Abell, Frank G. (1844-1910)
Abell, George L. (ca.1866-?)
Abell & Son
Abell-Herrin Co.
Abell & Welsh
Chronology
1862-1866 San Francisco CA, William Shew
1866 Stockton CA, Abell's Star Gallery
1867-1874 San Francisco CA, William Shew
1869-1870 San Francisco, Abell & Bain
1872-1875 Grass Valley CA
1875 Red Bluff, CA
1876 Yreka CA
1876-1877 itinerant, Northern California, Oregon (Abell & Welsh)
1877 Roseburg
1877 Eugene
1878-1888 Portland
1886 Corvallis
1888 Colfax WA
1889-1894 San Francisco
1897-1907 Portland
1908-1910 Tacoma WA
1898-1900 Needham, MA (George L. Abell)
Abell's daughter, Emily, was born in California in October 1864. (source: 1900 Federal census for Massachusetts).
In 1900, Abell's wife was living with her daughter, Mrs. Emily Partridge, in Norfolk, Mass. George Abell was living in the area also, probably working for William H. Partridge.
Employee Listings
Davies, G. W., printer 1881
Jackson, A. L. 1877
Kay, H. D. operator 1879
Lamb, Charles Y., printer for Abell 1883-1884, retoucher 1885-1887
Lauder, Fannie, Miss, receptionist 1881 (Abell's wife)
McAlpin, Arthur B., printer 1885-1887
McClaire, Mort, Mr., retoucher 1881
Directory Listings
1878 PD not listed
1879 PD pg. 65 "Abell, Frank G., photographer, 167 and 169 First"
1880 PD pg. 65 "Abell, Frank G., photographer, 167 and 169 First, res same"
1881 Ore pg. 257 Portland "Abell, Frank G., photographer, 167 and 169 First St. bet Morrison and Yamhill; res 172 Yamhill, cor. W. Park" plus display ad
1881 PD pg. 65 "Abell, F. G., photographer, 169 First,; res 172 Yamhill bet E and W Park"
1882 GD pg. 81 "Abell, Frank G., photographer, 167 and 169 First bet Yamhill and Morrison, res same."
1883 GD pg. 65 "Abell, Frank G., photographer, 167 First, res same"
1884 POWI pg. 245 Portland "Abell, F. G. & son (Frank G. & George L.) photographers, 29 Washington"
1884 GD pg. 69 "Abell & Son, Frank G., photographer, 29 Washington, res same.", "Abell, G. L. (with F. G. Abell) res 29 Washington"
1885 PCD pg. 102 "Abell & Son (Frank G. and George L.) Photographers, 29 Washington", "Abell, Frank G. (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington", "Abell, George L., (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington" plus display ad on front cover of book (OHS copy has been rebound)
1886 PCD pg. 103 "Abell & Son (Frank G and George L) Photographers, 4th floor Labbe Bldg."; "Abell, Frank G (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington"; "Abell, George L (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington"
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 994 Corvallis "Abell & Son, photographers"
1886 POWI Corvallis: not listed
1887 PCD pg. 110 "Abell & Son, (Frank G and George L), Photographers, 4th floor Labbe Building"; pg. 109 "Abell, Frank G (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington"; "Abell, George L (Abell & Son), res 29 Washington"
1888 PCD not listed
1888 POWI pg. 592 Colfax, WA "Abell & Son (Frank G. & George L.) photographers, J. W. Markel, mngr"
1891 POWI pg. 350 "Moore, 29 Washington St. Crayon artist and photographer. Successor to Abell & Son" (display ad, with cuts of Moore and Abell's signatures)
1898 PCD not listed, 1899 EO & P not listed
1899 PCD pg. 132 "Abell-Herrin Co (Frank G. Abell, David C and M E Herrin), photographers, 122 6th"; "Abell, Frank G (Abell-Herrin Co) pres Northwest Medical Aid Assn Oregonian Bldg, rms 303 1/2 Washington"; "Herrin, David C (Abell-Herrin Co), 132 6th, res 500 Columbia"; "Herrin, M E (Abell-Herrin Co), 122 6th, res 500 Columbia"
1901 PCD pg. 104 "Abell, Frank G., restaurant 186 Morrison"
1902 - 1905 not listed
1906 PCD pg. 135 additions and removals supplement "Abell, Frank G., photog, res 724 Johnson"; pg. 140 "Abell, Frank G, photog, bds 550 5th"
1907 PCD pg. 201 "Abell, Frank G, photog, res 724 Johnson"
1910 Tacoma Directory: F. G. Abell, 631 Provident Bldg.
Mautz Oregon " Abell, Frank G., 1870-1885, Portland", "Abell & Son, 1885-1887, Portland", "Abell & Welsh, 1880, Portland"
Interesting Artifacts
Boudoir size view of Frank Abell's display at the Mechanics Fair 1881. Photo by I. G. Davidson. (OHS 28110)
Official Records
1900 Federal census of Massachusetts, soundex A140, Massachusetts, Vol. 57, E. D. 1051, Sheet 16, Line 79. Needham town, Norfolk county.
Abell, George L, white, born Apr 1866, age 34, born California.
" Jessie E, wife, born Apr, 1868, age 32, born California.
" Doris, daughter, born June 1898, age 1, born Massachusetts.
(Frank Abell's daughter and wife are listed, please see Partridge, William H in this book for further details)
Photographer's Imprints
"Abell's Star Gallery, Mills & Doll's building, Main St. Stockton" CDV with tax stamp, before the end of 1866. (reported by Palmquist)
"Abell's New Mill Street Gallery, near Main, Grass Valley" ms date April 1873 (reported by Brown)
"Abell & Welsh, Photographers" CDV back.
"Abell Photo" front, "Frank G. Abell Photographer Nos. 167 & 169 First St., Portland Ogn. All Negatives Preserved. No._____. Duplicates from this Picture may be had at any time." back. CDV with engraving of monogram.
"Abell & Son, 29 Washington St. Portland Or." front, "From The Photographic Studio of Abell & Son, Crayons A Specialty, from $20 Up. Free Hand. Take the Elevator. 29 Washington Street. Portland Or." back. cabinet card
"Abell & Priest, Bancroft's History Building, 723 Market St., S. F." cabinet card embossed front, ms date 1886
"Abell & Son, publisher of Stereo, Boudoir, and Imperial View. North Pacific Coast and California"
"Abell + Son publishes a fine line of Stereo, Boudoir, and Imperial Views, North Pacific Coast and Yosemite Valley, Cal. Send for Catalogue" stereo card imprinted back.
News Items and Advertisements
1875: "Photographic Art Society of the Pacific - Minutes of a special meeting, held Friday, August 20th, 1875, at the rooms of William Shew, 115 Kearney Street, San Francisco... The following gentlemen were proposed for membership: ...Frank Abell"; "Minutes of a general meeting, held Friday, September 3d, 1875, at William Shew's art gallery... Messrs... Frank Abell were unanimously elected members of the society..." Philadelphia Photographer, Vol. XII, No. 142, October 1875. pg. 308-309.
1877: "Change. Mr. J. A. Winter has leased his photographic gallery to Mr. Abell, from California, and will soon remove to his sheep ranch in Linn county."; "Artist. Mr. Able, an artist from California, has rented the photograph gallery of Mr. J. A. Winter, and will continue the business. Mr. A. has the reputation of being a first class artist, and his patrons are assured of getting pictures true to life, and finished in the most perfect and artistic manner, and at prices low enough to satisfy the most economical." Eugene City Guard, (Eugene) 11 July 1877
1877: "Photographs. Mr. Able, of Able and Welsh, San Francisco, has leased the gallery of Mr. J. A. Winter, and is now prepared to take pictures of every style in the most artistic manner. We have examined quite a number of pictures taken by Mr. A., and for life-like feature, clearness of outline and elegance of finish, they cannot be surpassed. If you want really excellent pictures now is the time to get them at a small cost." Eugene City Guard, (Eugene) 18 July 1877
1877: "A Rare Chance - Mr. Frank Abell, of the firm Abell & Welsh, late of San Francisco, has leased the photographic gallery of J. A. Winter for one or two months. His specimens are certainly very fine, and he will undoubtedly give satisfaction to any and all who desire anything in his line. Mr. A. makes a specialty of the cabinet-size photographs, on exhibition at the post office. Parties desiring work done will do well to call soon, as his time is limited. Mr. Welsh will be in Cottage Grove on or about August 18th, and persons living in that vicinity will not be under necessity of coming to Eugene" Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 11 August 1877
1877: "EUGENE ITEMS: Mr. J. A. Winter, having concluded to try the freedom of granger life, has rented his photograph gallery in this place to Abell & Welsh, of Roseburg, who will continue business at the old stand." Oregonian, 13 August 1877, pg. 3, col. 4. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1877: "Cabinet-size photographs a specialty, by Abell & Welsh at Winter's gallery." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 18 August 1877
1877: "J. O. Welsh, of the firm of Abell & Welsh, photographers, late of San Francisco, has established a gallery at Cottage Grove and will remain there about two weeks. From thence he will go to Creswell." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 25 August 1877
1877: "Frank Abell, at Winter's photograph gallery, announces to the farmers of the county who desire photographs taken, that he will take wheat in exchange for them and pay from five to ten cents higher than the regular market price. The more work he does the higher price allowed for the wheat." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 25 August 1877
1877: "Everybody should bear in mind that the celebrated artists- Messrs. Able & Welsh- will not be with us always. This is the best chance ever offered the citizens of Eugene and surrounding country to obtain really superior pictures. Bear in mind also that they are only transient and will remain but a short time longer, as their engagements in other places makes their time positively limited." Eugene City Guard, 1 September 1877
1877: "Pictures. Abell & Welsh will only remain in Eugene a short time and everybody wanting superb pictures should avail themselves of the present opportunity. It may not occur again in a lifetime. At Winter's gallery." Eugene City Guard, 8 September 1877
1877: "Now or Never. Messrs. Abell & Welsh will only remain a few weeks longer and everybody should avail themselves of this opportunity to get their pictures taken. Mr. Abell's work cannot be surpassed either East or West, and this is a chance to get splendid pictures that may never occur again." Eugene City Guard, 15 September 1877
1877: "Now or Never. Don't forget that Messrs. Abell & Welsh THE PHOTOGRAPHERS will be in Eugene but two weeks longer, as the lease of the gallery from Mr. J. A. Winter, will expire on the 10th of October. Those in want of photographs will bear this in mind, 'a thing of beauty is a joy forever.' That is what you get when you get one of Abell's photographs of your baby, daughter, son, or sweetheart. Get one." Eugene City Guard, 22 September 1877
1877: "Mr. A. L. Jackson of this city is learning Photography under Abell & Welsh." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 22 September 1877
1877: "Abell & Welsh will remain only a short time longer. Those wishing superior photos should not delay, as another opportunity for obtaining first class Photographs will not be had in Eugene for a long time to come. These gentlemen understand their business, as their work on exhibition will attest. If you want pictures go at once, else you will be too late." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 22 September 1877
1877: "A thing of beauty is a joy forever' is an old but true saying. What can be fore beautiful with which to decorate the walls of your cosy parlor than the photographs of your dear and loved ones. When thus arranged you can gaze upon their faces, and, as it were, hold conversation with them although they may be miles away. Two weeks more and Mr. Frank Able, the photographer who has made such a favorable impression upon the citizens of Eugene during the past few months will seek other land than ours. Do not let this opportunity to obtain a likeness of yourself go unimproved. Probably not for many months you may again have such a chance and what better can be done than to take advantage of it." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 27 October 1877
1877: "Take Notice. Abell & Welsh only remain one week more, and those wishing really first-class pictures should avail themselves of this opportunity, as the chance may not occur again." Eugene City Guard, 29 September 1877
1877: "A Change Yet. Abell & Welsh, the popular artists, will remain a few weeks longer, having re-rented the gallery of Mr. Winter, and everybody who have not availed themselves of the opportunity of getting pictures, should delay no longer. Such a chance may not occur again in a lifetime." Eugene City Guard, 13 October 1877
1877: "Remember that 'procrastination is the thief of time,' and that Abell & Welsh, the artists, will remain a very short time, and your chance for getting a splendid picture will soon be past unless you improve the opportunity at once." Eugene City Guard, 20 October 1877
1877: "Last Chance. Abell & Welsh will only remain in this city until next Wednesday, and this will be the last chance to secure one of those splendid pictures." Eugene City Guard, 3 November 1877
1877: "Mr. Abell, of Abell & Welsh, photographic artists, will leave for San Francisco today, his lease of Winter's gallery having expired. Mr. J. A. Winter and family returned on Thursday, and he will again assume the charge of his gallery." Eugene City Guard, 10 November 1877
1878: "PHOTOGRAPHIC A new man in the field for glory! Mr. FRANK G. ABELL, of San Francisco, has opened in the Gallery originally fitted up by Bosco & Megler. Photos greatly reduced in price and first quality work done and guaranteed to please. Mr. George W. Davis (sic), late with Buchtel & Stolte, is employed as printer, by Mr. Abell. We understand from Mr. A. that he prefers cloudy days to clear for the production of fine work. He also desires it to be known that extra attention will be given to Photographing children. Therefore, mothers, now is your time." Oregonian, 7 Feb 1878 pg. 3 col. 4.
1878: "Metropolitan Items... Our correspondent at Portland under date of April 17th sends us the following... Frank Abell, the photographer, who was in Roseburg last summer, is doing an extensive business in this city" The Western Star (Roseburg), 19 April 1878, pg. 3, col. 3.
1878: "Ladies if you want an elegant photograph in the last and most tasteful style called 'The Panel' call on Abell, the popular artist." Portland Daily Standard, 14 July 1878 pg. 3, col. 5. (tracked through 20 July 1878)
1878: "When you want an excellent photograph, and do not want to pay extortionate prices, go to Frank G. Abell, who does work well and at a reasonable figure. His productions show that he is popular." Oregonian, 18 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 4.
1878: "THE STATE FAIR... Pavilion... The pictures competing for premiums, exhibited by the rival photographers of Portland, Buchtel & Stolte and Frank G. Abell, are fine in the extreme. The display of the former is favored by the best position and light; and receives four first premiums, the first being for the largest and best collection. The latter receives first premium for the best retouched photographs and display of cartes de visite." Oregonian, 18 October 1878 pg. 1, col. 4.
1878: "MECHANICS FAIR: ... ABELL, THE PHOTOGRAPHER, Comes to the front again and spreads before the public some superior pictures, from the smallest sized carte de visite to a life size portrait. His work is known to be good. Being strictly attentive to business, he is gaining much encouragement." Oregonian, 24 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 4.
1878: "Abell, photographer, No. 167 and 169 First Street, Portland, Oregon" East Oregonian, (Pendleton) 2 Nov 1878 pg. 7 col. 6 (insertion noted 12 Oct 1878)
1878 "News From Portland...Frank Abell is here engaged in the photographing business and is doing lots of work. He has five men in his employ." Eugene City Guard, 30 November 1878 pg. 3 col. 3. (this news placement would indicate Abell was well known to Eugene citizens)
1879: "Porcelain Pictures. - Those porcelain photographs taken by Mr. Frank G. Abell, and exhibited in the windows of Morse's Palace, are the handsomest ever seen and command general admiration. In pose, color and execution they are simply perfect and commend themselves to those who desire to have similar beautiful ornaments for their parlors." Daily Bee, (Portland) 5 March 1879, pg. 3, col. 3.
1879: "Abell's photos are 'par-excellence'. Only the very best work allowed to go out of the establishment. Large photos and porcelains a specialty." Daily Standard, (Portland) 14 March 1879 pg. 3 col. 2 (regular insertion)
1879: "Boudoirs, panel, cabinet, in fact pictures of all kinds at Abell's elite studio, First street" Daily Standard, (Portland) 2 May 1879 pg. 3, col 5. (First insertion 1 April 1879. last insertion 12 May 1879)
1879: "Board of Fire Delegates...(minutes of meeting)...From Willamette Engine Company No. 1, asking for active certificates for...Frank S.(sic) Abell" Daily Standard, (Portland) 9 May 1879 pg. 3 col. 2 .
1879: "The Photographic Art: In no department of science or art has such wonderful improvements been made as in the art of photography. If the spirit of Daguerre were permitted to revisit the earth, he would be as astounded at the progress in the art his genius originated, as would Watts, to behold the railroads and steamboats of the present day.
Any one that undertakes to compare the old daguerreotypes of our fathers with the elegantly finished cabinets that grace our walls and albums, will understand the nature of our advance. Even within a very few years the improvement is so marked as to create demand for now sittings every year. It is a matter of pleasure and pride to our people that we have here in Portland, artists second to none on the coast. Today we took a look upon the recent extensive improvements just being completed by Mr. Frank G. Abell, Portland’s favorite photographer. His large and elegant reception room has been thoroughly renovated, newly carpeted and furnished throughout.
In the operating room he has brought down his skylight and enlarged the same so as to have a fuller command of those delicate lightings and shadings by which the finest work is produced. By means of an ingenious syphon sink he obtains a finer washing of his prints. He also takes pictures direct from the living object without the solar camera. The advantage of this is that the negatives are all completed and retouching done before printing, thereby obtaining finer and softer work and saving the daubing of India ink, etc., upon the picture after it is printed.
Mr. Abell’s porcelain work is on the largest plates ever attempted on the Pacific Coast. Two fine specimens of this unexampled work may be seen in the attractive showcases at the doorway from the sidewalk. No finer and larger specimens of group work can be found in any gallery on the coast. His group of the graduating class of the High School, twelve in number, is remarkably well taken and life like. The famous panel photographs were first introduced here by Mr. Abell.
Another advantage of this gallery is in the larger heads taken here than at any other north of San Francisco.
Mr. Abell makes field work a specialty. He is always prepared to go out and take business places and residences and finish them up in superior style. The best specimens of this kind of work we have seen in Portland are his pictures of the steamboat S.G. Reed. Here is the steamer as she gracefully sits upon the water, a thing of life and beauty. He has also her interior views, viz: Dining saloon, forward saloon, ladies’ cabin, engines, and head of the boiler.
Mr. Abell does his own operating, assisted by Mr. H.D. Kay. Mr. M.S. McClaire is his retouching artist. His work of the Venus di Milo taken from the statue in San Francisco school of design and now gracing the wall of Mr. Abell’s reception room is a fine study and evidences an artist’s hand and eye. Mr. Geo. W. Davis, printer, is stationed on the roof and the uniform good work of Abell’s gallery attest the care and skill in this department. That Mr. Abell may have perfectness in enameling that part of the work of his establishment is sent to San Francisco, where are the best facilities and the finest work. The presence of Mrs. Abell, with her exquisite taste, to assist ladies in the arrangement of toilet and drapery is no small contribution to the popularity of this gallery. The remarkable cleanliness of the rooms and their general tidy appearance is undoubtedly due to her presence and watchful care. The elegant piano in the spacious reception room for the free use of patrons adds largely to the attractions of the place. Mr. Abell came here but a year and a half since a perfect stranger, began business at a gallery that had been continually changing proprietors and has built up a business that any man may feel a just pride in. During that time he has taken over 100,000 cabinet photographs, to say nothing of small pictures and a good proportion of larger work. One thing more wherein Mr. Abell has the decided advantage. He has the easiest flight of stairs in Portland, an item of vital consequence to many invalids and ladies, and of no small interest to all patrons. We have only to add that Mr. Abell does not believe in old and effete ‘inventions’ that are now cast aside by the best operators in the country. He also intends to keep up his well earned reputation, not by resting satisfied with past achievements, but intends to do better all the time, and will always keep up with all the improvements of the day that are of real value." The Daily Bee (Portland); 14 July 1879; pg.3 col.5
1879: "FRANK G. ABELL'S DISPLAY. Frank G. Abell, the well-known photographer, has a magnificent display of works of art from his gallery. The collection embraces everything from card photos to oil paintings, and is much admired, both for the excellence and variety of the display and for the tastefulness of arrangement. The exhibit occupies the entire northeast corner of the pavilion, and was arranged by Mr. C. P. Yates, of the firm of Robbins & Yates, who deserve much praise for the fine taste shown. The binographs (sic), the last novelty in the art, attract much attention, as do also two life size portraits, one a fine photograph, the other in India ink and crayon. Another pleasing novelty is the large display of panel photographs, longer and narrower than cabinets and quite as popular. Mr. Abell's space has already received, and deserves the appellation of 'the handsome corner" Oregonian, 4 October 1879, pg. 1, col. 4.
1879: "OREGON STATE FAIR...Frank G. Abell, Portland- Boudoir portraits, binographs, porcelain photographs, photo views, glass cabinets, photographs colored in oil, 1st <premium awarded>" Oregonian, 17 October 1879, pg. 1, col. 4.
1879: "A Grand Display. The Salem Statesman publishes the following: 'Mr. F> G. Abell, the popular photographer of Portland, has given instructions to Mr. Waite, Secretary of the society, to have one of the towers in the new pavilion sealed with dressed lumber and painted a special color for his exhibition of pictures at the coming State Fair. When we consider that Mr. Abell makes this improvement at his own expense, to increase the beauty and effect of his grand display, we may be assured that he means business, and will use every effort for success.'" The Portland Bee, 11 September 1879, pg. 3, col. 3.
1879: "Frank G. Abell, the famous photograph artist, is a passenger of the incoming steamer, and upon his arrival look out for new and elegant features which he procured of Taber, the leading artist of the coast. Abell does not intend to be behind any artist on the coast." The Daily Bee (Portland); 20 Sept. 1879 pg.3 col.7.
1879: "Mr. Frank G. Abell is at the northeast corner of the art gallery with as fine a collection of photographic portraits as can be found anywhere. In the centre of the group is an excellent sample of both the photographer’s and painter’s art in a most excellent likeness of Mr. Abell, life size, and life-like in the perfect delineation of every feature and every expression of the man. A portrait, life size, of ex-Mayor Newbery, bears the premium ribbon of the State Fair. Premium large pictures, porcelain work, and retouched cabinets adorn the walls. The large photographs of Mr. Shanahan’s children illustrate how nicely that most difficult work in this line of art, the taking of children, can be executed in Frank Abell’s gallery. In the show case is a row of boudoirs mounted on raised gold frames, and another row of Abell’s famous panel photographs. Mr. Abell was the first to introduce this popular style of picture to the people of this State. Five splendidly executed pictures giving interior views of the Steamer S. G. Reed adorn the corner of the gallery. The attention of the admiring crowds is attracted to the superior style of the artist’s work as shown by a close inspection of all of Mr. Abell’s pictures. The crayon work is unexcelled and is executed in Mr. Abell’s own gallery. To-day a very interesting addition has been made to Mr. Abell’s collection, and that is a very fine portrait of Mayor Thompson of this city, executed in Mr. Abell’s very best style, and mounted in a very handsome frame. And this is a feature that adds very much to the effect of Mr. Abell’s display, the richness and variety as well as good taste shown in his mounting and framing of his pictures." The Daily Bee (Portland); 22 Oct. 1879 pg. 3 col. 5
1879: "The rush to Abell’s photographic parlors still continues, and he is turning out dozens of his superior photographs daily. The furnishings to his operating room is simply elegant, the patrons selecting a scene to suit." The Daily Bee (Portland); 25 Oct. 1879, pg. 3, col.8.
1879: "Frank Abell’s New Attractions. Crowds last night gathered in the Art Gallery to look at the splendid views taken in the Pavilion by Mr. Frank Abell. They are fine specimens of this beautiful art, being very accurate pictures and well finished. One is a view of the main floor of the Pavilion as seen from the east gallery; another is the gallery containing the ladies’ exhibit as seen from the opposite gallery, and the third is a section of the main floor. They are very pretty souvenirs of this great Mechanics’ Fair, and all visitors will want a copy, and others will like them to send away to distant friends. Copies will be for sale at Mr. Abell’s popular gallery on First street. Another great attraction is the case of bino-graphs just put on exhibition by Mr. Abell. This is a new process and makes a very interesting <illegible words> amusing picture. They are taken cabinet size, and are make to represent the subject in duplicate. For instance, a man is seen standing in two attitudes, one as if making an argument, and the other his counterpart as if listening; or a lady is taken front view, and sitting near her, as if holding a confidential chat, is herself represented in side view, talking to her other self. This is produced, of course, by two sittings of the same person, and then joining the negatives so as to form one picture. But the great skill required to so join these negatives and blend them into one, making the whole complete and perfect, and not show where they unite, deters most artists from attempting it. We saw many of these pictures recently in San Francisco, but in no case have we seen such perfect blending as in those on exhibition here by Frank Abell. In fact, he makes in his cross blending what we have never seen attempted before, and the union is so perfect as to be really surprising." The Daily Bee (Portland); 28 Oct. 1879 pg.3 col.6.
1879: "THE MECHANICS FAIR... FRANK G. ABELL'S DISPLAY Most wonderful has been the progress made during the past few years in the photographic art. This extraordinary advancement is illustrated by the splendid display of portraits and photographic views from the gallery of Mr. Frank G. Abell, which form a prominent feature in the art exhibit at the pavilion, occupying the entire northern end of the large art department. For scarcely a moment since the fair opened has the standing space in front of this rarely attractive display been occupied by groups of admiring people. Maidens with jealous eyes search fearing to find copies of beauty more charming than their pretty selves, while their grandmamas sigh with almost forgotten vanity, that the charms of their youth live only in memory, Mr. Abell's exhibit contains every variety of photograph, from the tiniest locket picture of the smallest child to the grand full life-size bust picture-the handsomest of the latter class being a portrait of himself, the center piece of his wall display. Cards, cabinets, crayon portraits, panel pictures, full length portraits and the novel bino-graphs, many of them finely set in frames and arranged in length detail, form strikingly beautiful effects, at the same time displaying in the most critical light their artistic qualities. The <illegible word> of thousands who have seen them know how well they have stood the test.
These pictures were all taken by Mr. Abell and his assistants at his splendid gallery in Monastes' building on First street, between Yamhill and Morrison. This is the gallery which was established a few years ago by Messrs. Bosco & Megler, and which under their that firm earned a wide and enviable reputation. This reputation has been extended by the merit of Mr. Abell's work. He claims and offers samples to prove the assertion that his picture's are not second to those produced by any other gallery in the United States.
At the State Fair, held early this month, Mr. Abell took thirteen first premiums on his display of photographs, a just recognition of their merit." Oregonian, 31 October 1879, pg. 3, col. 1. (paid advertisement)
1879: "Why is it that everybody goes to Abell's to get their pictures taken? because he is the best artist in the city." Daily Standard, (Portland) 26 December 1879 pg. 3 col. 3 (regular insertion, tracked through 30 Dec 1879)
1879: "For the very best in photographs go to Frank G. Abell, 167 and 169 First st Portland" Oregonian, 13 Dec 1879 - 30 Aug 1880, further and prior issues not checked)
1880: "Mr. F. Abell, the artist from Portland, came up Wednesday, and has been engaged taking cabinet photographs of the graduating class of the University." Eugene City Guard, 15 May 1880 pg. 3 col. 1
1880: "The following letter will require no explanation: Chicago, April 26, 1880. F. G. Abell Esq: Dear Sir- At a meeting of the photographers of the Northwest, held Saturday, 24th inst, you were elected to serve as Vice President from your State at a National Convention of Photographers to be held in Chicago in August next. An early reply as to your acceptance will oblige yours, A. J. W. Copelin, Sec'y. Oregonian, 24 May 1880, pg. 3, col. 1.
1880: advertisement in Evening Telegram, 20 July 1880
1880: installed as Grand Master of AOOW Hope Lodge No. 1, Oregonian,8 July 1880 pg. 3 col. 1.
1880: "Shooting Scores. The regular monthly glass ball shoot of the Multnomah Rod and Gun club for the club badge too place yesterday afternoon on Moxey's bottom. The following is the score of the members present: F. G. Abell- 14. <second place>" Oregonian, 17 August 1880, pg. 3, col. 2.
1880: Incoming Passengers per steamship Columbia for Portland from San Francisco Aug. 24th, at 10 o'clock AM...Miss E Abell. Oregonian, 25 Aug 1880 pg. 3 col. 3.
1880: "Frank G. Abell, the well known photographer, has a splendid exhibit from his gallery. His work is favorably recognized and much complimented by all lovers of good photography" (Oregonian review of art exhibit at Mechanics Fair) Oregonian, 22 October 1880, pg. 3, col. 2.
1880: "For the very best photographs, go to Frank G. Abell, 167 and 169 First street, Portland" (ad not tracked yet) Oregonian, 22 October 1880
1880: "During The Fair -- A constant throng of people congregated around the tastily arranged and excellent exhibit of Frank Abell's photograph gallery. The gems of photography consisted of likenesses from the little card to life size. It is only necessary to say that it was the finest collection there and would hold its own alongside any similar display on this coast. Mr. Abell's gallery is situated at No. 167, first street, Portland, Oregon. Strangers are invited to call and see the collection, and they will be treated hospitably by the proprietor." Willamette Farmer, (Salem) 29 October, 1880 pg. 8 col. 2.
1880: "The opening address of welcome was made by Frank G. Abell..." at Firemen's reception, with members of Portland city council present. Oregonian, 6 December 1880 pg. 3 col.4.
1881: "The contemplation of the human face, made as it is in the Creator's own image, is the most interesting of any study that can engage the mind. It is impossible to look through even a stranger's photograph album with indifference, though we may not be acquainted with the persons there represented, there is something so fascinating in personal photographs. Though the faces of our loved ones may be carried in the mind and heart long after they have passed from our gaze, it is a blessed privilege to be able to see their 'counterfeit presentments,' in the photograph.
These thoughts are awakened by a visit to the splendid Photograph Parlors of Mr. Frank G. Abell, at Nos. 167 and 169 First street, between Morrison and Yamhill. The visitor is first attracted by the beautiful show cases at the doorway. in which are displayed choice specimens of the art. The next point if interest is the remarkably easy flight of stairs leading up to the rooms. This is a matter of no small moment for the crowds of ladies who thong the gallery. Even the aged or enfeebled need not be deterred by the difficulties of ascent on the easiest stairs in the city. This brings us to the elegant Reception Parlors, presided over by Miss Fannie Lauder <ed note - Fannie Lauder was the maiden name of Abell's wife>. She keeps everything in the nicest order, and appears to take pleasure in exhibiting the different styles of work, rendering valuable assistance to patrons in the selection of style of picture. The reception room is elegantly carpeted and furnished, and, of course, embellished with the finest specimens of the photographic art.
Adjoining this are the nicely fitted Dressing Rooms. Then we are ushered into the Operating Room. Here is the place that has engaged the attention of Mr. Abell for years, until he has attained the perfection of art in the arrangement of his lights and shades, so as to produce those wonderfully accurate counterparts of 'the human face divine,' that grace so many of the homes of Oregon.
Then we cannot omit that mysterious Retouching Room, where Mr. Mort McClaire gives the finish to the negatives. In no department of the practical work of Photograph making is there required so much real art, taste, and experience, or nice discrimination, even to the slightest touch and shade, as here. This is where the study of the face and all its varying expressions, mark the perfect artist, and gives the photograph its clearness as well as softness and life-like expression.
Then we have the Dark Room, and the Finishing Room, and lastly the house on the roof, in charge of Mr. G. W. Davis, <ed note - name is actually Davies> where the printing is done, not by a power press as this book is printed, but by the action of the sun's rays through the negatives, a wonderful, simple and interesting process.
All the rooms of this extensive establishment are large, and arranged so as to be the best adapted to the purposes for which they are used.
Every kind of Photograph work known to the art is made here, including Cards, Cabinets, Panels, Boudoirs, Stereoscopic and Out Door Views, and Living Statues. The last named deserves more than passing mention. They are Photographs of the living subjects so arranged as to present the perfect appearance of a marble bust on a pedestal. It is a mode of picture making introduced by Mr. Abell, which is very popular and surpassingly beautiful. We can't help expressing a little surprise that Mr. Abell, who never goes on the the bust himself, should be the author of an invention for placing his fair patrons in that position.
Mr. Abell is the presiding genius of all this wok. A thorough artist himself, he personally superintends the whole. He started this business at the place he now occupies, on the 10th January, 1878. From a small beginning he has in less than three years built up a splendid trade. The best families of Portland are his patrons, and in no part of Oregon or Washington are his productions unknown. He is an affable gentleman, a public spirited citizen, and personally popular everywhere." Bynon, A. A., compiler, Oregon State Directory 1881, Portland; J. K. Gill & Co. 1881 pg. 20.
1881: "Abell’s photographic work has become famous throughout the State and territories and even beyond in the east. A glance at his display tells the tale. And still the good work gone on nobly" Oregonian, 9 February 1881 - 18 February 1881
1881: "The A. W. U. W. Carnival ... Following is a list of the ladies and gentlemen present ... Frank Abell - Hamlet <costume>" Oregonian, 10 February 1881 pg. 3, col. 2.
1881: "The other day he said to his wife ‘we must have the baby’s picture taken,’ and his better half suggested Abell’s, this was certainly correct, as all mothers go to Abell’s with their little ones." Oregonian, 19 February - 24 February 1881.
1881: "How Beautiful’ was the remark we overheard a lady make as she stood before the display of photographs made by Abell, she took the earliest opportunity to call at the gallery." Oregonian, 1 March - 9 March 1881.
February - July 1881 is full of ads
1881: "Grandmas photograph was all we could wish for, and we will get an extra dozen in consequence. Abell, who took them, we are fully satisfied with.’ Remarks made by a patron of Abell’s Gallery." Oregonian, 28 June - 30 June 1881.
1881: "Abell has at the fair a large assortment of photographs taken at his gallery. What has been said of them can be verified in the display." Oregonian, 2 July - 8 July 1881.
1881: "Abell won first prize at the fair. He generally goes in to win. All who viewed the exhibit at the fair expressed unbounded praise. For the best you can be sure to find the article at Abell’s Gallery." Oregonian, 9 July - 19 July, 1881.
1881: "Abell is a home, as usual, at his gallery and having renovated the establishment, added many new photographs, all fine, he is better than ever prepared to receive visitors." Oregonian, 20 July 1881 - 16 August 1881.
1881: "The fame of Abell’s gallery is world wide, his work better distributed to all parts of the globe. This speaks volumes for the excellence of photography as executed by Abell. Don’t fail to call on him when you desire photographic work." Oregonian, 17 August - 30 August 1881.
1881: "Thousands can attest the quality of work executed by that prince of photographers - Abell. He has taken from the infant, in arms to the decrepid, almost ready to cross over, and keeps steadily on." Oregonian, 31 August - 15 September 1881.
1881: "Will not take a back seat against any photographer for first-class work. The large and steadily run of business transacted by Abell, is sufficient endorsement for any artist in his line." Oregonian, 22 September - 7 October 1881. PREVIOUS ISSUES NEED CHECKING. ROLL 38
1881: account of the Mechanics Fair "FRANK G. ABELL. The photographer, has again taken a prominent position in the art gallery, and we may safely say shares the greatest attention from visitors to the art gallery. Passing by his place of business one can form but a light estimate of the value of his photographic work, but as seen in the display at the pavilion it assumes a wondrously different aspect. At the state fair and the previous exhibits in the Mechanics' pavilion, Mr. Abell has won golden opinions. His exhibit is up to the standard and will receive, as it justly deserves, a full amount of attention" Oregonian, 17 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 2.
1881: account of the Mechanics Fair "ABELL'S Exhibit in the art gallery, continues to attract much attention. It would be difficult to say which particular class of work is the most admired, as all classes have different opinions on the subject. At all events the general work is first class, and no matter what style is desired, Mr. Abell can do justice to the occasion. His gallery of little ones attracts the eye of fond parents, and judging by the excellence of this difficult class of work with, it is astonishing how well Abell 'gets them.' But we must not confine ourselves to any particular line - all is good and that covers the case." Oregonian, 21 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 2.
1881: "Premiums awarded at Portland Mechanics Fair, which closed Saturday evening. ... Silver Medals ...F. G. Abell, general display photos ..." Oregonian, 31 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 3.
1881: "Another medal is added to the many won by that enterprising photographer Abell. It is a silver one and is given for the best general display at the fair. Abell's photos will win anywhere." Oregonian, 31 October - 2 December 1881
1881: "The photographic work of Abell continues to be favorably spoken of by all who see the display. orders are duplicated in almost every instance. Call and See him." Oregonian, 3 December 1881 - 11 January 1882.
1882: "By all means take the darling to Abell's, where a first-class photograph of the pet one can be secured. For example of this and other, refer to any one, or examine display." Oregonian, 12 January - 11 February 1882.
1882: "Abell is doing all he possibly can in photographic work, all evidence of his popularity. His latest prints are much admired by those who have seen them. Take a sitting today." Oregonian, 24 March - 14 June 1882.
1882: "Mr. Frank G. Abell left the State yesterday morning and will attend the grand lodge of Chosen Friends which meets in San Francisco next Monday. He will then proceed to Detroit as grand representative of the A. O. U. W." Oregonian, 27 May 1882, pg. 3, col. 2.
1882: "Speaking of photographs, when you want the genuine article, consult Abell, the peoples' photographer. For samples, see his display, which cannot be excelled anywhere." Oregonian, 5 August 1882 - October
1882: report on Mechanics Fair "F. G. Abell makes a very creditable display, which is attracting a great deal of attention. A detailed description of his exhibit will appear in The Oregonian next Sunday morning." Oregonian, 28 September 1882, pg. 3, col. 3.
1882: report on Mechanics Fair "F. G. Abell. Who makes the finest display in the art gallery, has long been known as the leading photographer of Portland. His exhibit at the north end of the art gallery, around which hundreds of admirers constantly linger. His photographic gallery is located at 167 First street where he is doing a thriving business. His work is considered the best of any artist this side the Rocky mountains. Visitors from the interior who desire a picture of themselves done in the most approved style should call at his elegantly fitted gallery. Mrs. Abell has charge of the reception parlor and readily gives all information as regards prices, etc." Sunday Oregonian, 1 October 1882, pg. 5, col. 6.
1882: "F. G. Abell, the photographer, excells in every branch of the business. If one really desires the best they have only to call at his estblishment to obtain what they want. Examine his beautiful display at the foot of the stairs" Oregonian, 1 Nov 1882 pg. 3 col. 2.
1883: "Abell, Photographer, 167 and 169 First Street" The Northwest News (Portland) 1 February 1883 - 5 March 1883 (first insertion, further issues not checked)
1883: "Frank G. Abell, the well known artist of Portland, was in town during the latter part of the week. He came up to take the pictures of the Seniors. Mr. Abell has taken the pictures of every class that has graduated from the University." (Oregon State University in Eugene - ed) The State Journal, (Eugene) 21 April 1883 pg. 5 col. 5.
1884: "The only first-class gallery in the city, Abell & Son's Temple of Photography, 29 Washington. Take the elevator." Oregonian, 3 October - 17 October 1884
1884: "Lightning Process- Children photographed in an instant at Abell & Son's, 29 Washington St." Oregonian, 18 October - 18 November 1884
1885: "Lightning Process- for children and nervous people, at Abell & Son's, our leading photographer, 29 Washington St." Oregonian, 16 February - 15 April 1885
1885: "A CREDIT TO THE CITY.- Abell & Son's photographic establishment is the largest west of Chicago, and executes work unexcelled in the United States. 29 Washington St." Oregonian, 16 April 1885 (first insertion)
1885: "Beautiful Portraits, Having by far the largest and handsomest Photograph Gallery west of Chicago, together with the best corps of artists obtainable, we are now better prepared than ever to do anything and everything in the line of photography. Our extensive copying and enlarging department is unexcelled. Copying from locket size to life. Enlarging from the smallest tin-type or photograph to any size required, in oil, water colors, pastile (sic), free-hand crayon, India ink, and plain photography. All our work guaranteed. Send for price list. Abell & Son, Leading Photographers, 29 Washington St., Portland." Oregonian, 26 June 1885 pg. 8 col. 5 (regular insertion)
1886: "THE MECHANICS FAIR...following is a list of exhibitors and their exhibits... F. G. Abell & Son, photographs..." Oregonian, 8 October 1886, pg. 3, col. 4.
1886: "THE MECHANICS FAIR...Abell has filled his old space with a new and choice selection of specimens. Especial attention is called to the collection of bromides. This process is something new, and is very effective, causing much and favorable comment. It is as soft as crayon work, and yet has more distinctness. Mr. Abell himself stands behind his show case, and has a smile and a pretty card for each and all of his numerous friends.." Oregonian, 12 October 1886, pg. 8, col. 2.
1887: "PHOTOGRAPHS! A Branch Studio of the Well-Known Portland Artists, Abell & Son, is again opened in Colfax, under the management of J. W. Markel at the old Buchtel Gallery." The Commonor, (Colfax WA) 12 August 1887 - 17 February 1888 (courtesy Robert King)
1887: "Industry Lodge No. 8, A. O. U. W., presented F. H. Abell with a gold-headed cane, J. H. Misner making the presentation speech in behalf of the lodge. Mr. Abell intends to go to Buenos Ayres (sic)" Oregonian, 29 December 1887, ph. 8, col. 1
1888: "E. W. Moore, the well-known crayon artist, has purchased Abell & Son's photograph gallery, stock, furniture, old negatives and all. Mr. Moore is a photographer of several years' experience, and give the best of satisfaction while connected with that business a year or so ago. In taking possession of this gallery he does not have to build up a trade- Mr. Moore is already acknowledged as the leading artist and photographer of the Northwest. The gallery is the largest and most completely furnished of any on the coast. It was built for the convenience of its patrons. Among other improvements which might be mentioned is a fine elevator which will take you to the reception-room door. The writer of this article was surprised to see the amount of negatives that had been taken during the past few years; nearly 21,000 were carefully numbered and filed away for future orders. It would be very hard to name a person that had not been in this part of the Northwest for some time that Mr. Moore couldn't immediately show you a negative or furnish you a photo of. A great many orders are printed at this gallery from old negatives, which, by the way, are furnished at greatly reduced price. Some negatives date back nearly ten years.
Mr. Moore has one large room fitted up for his private studio, where he does his large portrait work. Over 200 life-size crayon portraits have been furnished by this artist during the few years he has been here, from orders received from leading citizens of this part of the country, besides several oil portraits that are considered as fine as any on the coast. Among them we might mention one of J. W. Whalley and Dr. A. S. Nichols, which secured him the grand gold medal at the last Mechanics' fair. One can scarcely go into a house here but some of his artistic work can be seen. The decoration of a home is not complete without some of his work We are glad to see the young man as the proprietor of this beautiful gallery, for we know that the photographic work is all its branches from this house will be finished in the most artistic manner and that his patrons will receive the kindest attention, while no one will be turned away dis-satisfied. Mr. Moore employs the best of help that can be obtained, and pays better wages, than any other photographer on the coast, and yet any kind of work in his line can be had as reasonable as at any other gallery. But his patron's never 'kick' about the price when they can have their work done in the highest style of art." Oregonian, 2 January 1888, pg. 9, col. l
1899: "Abell-Herrin Co., photographers, 122 Sixth St." The Cardinal, (Portland High School Vol. 2 No. 10 June 1899 back cover)
1909: photograph of Frank G. Abell at the Photographer's Convention. Seattle Post Intelligencer, 15 September 1909, pg. 10 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1909: report of the Pacific Northwest Photographers' Association of America convention. F. G. Abell was a member of various committees and transacted various routine business. Abell was elected President of the Association for the next term. Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 11, November 1909, pg. 443-449.
1910: (classified ad) "FOR SALE An up-to-date Studio, on account of failing health, one of the best equipped and centrally located in the city of Tacoma, Wash. Money talks if you want to buy. Address F. G. Abell, Provident Building, Tacoma Wash." Camera Craft, August 1910, pg. 343.
1910: "Frank G. Abell, aged 66 years, died yesterday morning at his room in the Stewart hotel, 757 1/2 C street, of dilation of the heart. He had been ill for a year or more with asthma and had been confined to his bed for about a week. He is survived by his widow and a son and daughter by a former marriage. His daughter, Mrs. Partridge, lives in Boston. Mr. Abell had a photographic studio in the Provident building. He came here about a year and a half ago and bought the business of Mr. Cutberth, for whom he had done some work for a year or two, afterward going to California.
A. L. Jackson, a photographer of this city, says he knew Mr. Abell in Eugene, Ore., 35 years ago, and learned the photographic business of him. Later Mr. Abell was in Portland and ranked among the best artist of the Pacific Coast. A year ago in Seattle he was made president of the Photographers' Association of the Pacific Northwest. His death will make the duties of president fall upon Vice President Wadds of Vancouver, B. C., in which city the association meets in August.
The remains of Mr. Abell were removed to the Hoska-Buckley-King company's parlors to be prepared for burial. They will be sent to Portland, where the funeral will be held under the auspices of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. (Interment Riverview Cemetery, Portland, OR.)" The Tacoma Daily Ledger, 22 July 1910, pg. 14, col. 4. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1910: "CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER DIES - Head of Association in Pacific Northwest Passes Away - Tacoma, July 21 - Frank D. Abell, aged 66, died today of dilation of the heart, after a long illness with asthma. He was a prominent local photographer.
He lived in Eugene, Or., 35 years ago, and had followed his profession in Oregon, California and Washington. He was president of the Photographers' Association of the Pacific Northwest, having been elected at Seattle last year. The duties will now devolve upon Vice-President Wadds, of Vancouver, B. C., where the association meets in August.
The body will be taken to Portland, where the funeral will be held under the auspices of the A. O. U. W." Oregonian, 22 July, 1910, pg. 14, col. 2.
1910: report of the Annual Convention of the Photographers Association. Vice President of the Association officially notified the convention of the death of Association president F. G. Abell. The convention adopted a resolution of mouring, adjourned for 30 minutes in Abell's honor, and extended a communication of regret to his family (who were not named in this report). Camera Craft, October, 1910, pg. 347.
1910: (classified ad) "FOR SALE An up-to-date Studio, on account of failing health, one of the best equipped and centrally located in the city of Tacoma, Wash. Money talks if you want to buy. Address F. G. Abell, Provident Building, Tacoma Wash." Camera Craft, August 1910, pg. 343.
1927: Biography of O. C. Yocum "...Joe Buchtel and a man named Stolte also had a photograph gallery in Portland then. They sold their gallery to Mr. Towne, who later sold it to Mr. Trask, who sold it to Mr. Able." Oregon Journal 3 July 1927, sec. 1, pg. 6, col. 6-7. quoted fully under O. C. Yocum in this book.
Bibliography
Abell, Frank G., "PRACTICAL INSTRUCTION FOR THE NOVICE", article in Photographic Mosaics, ed Wilson, Edward L., (annual of Philadelphia Photographer) Philadelphia; Wilson, 1881, pg. 19-20 "Brother workers, in relation to practical working and theoretical there is a vast difference. The former is the every-day experience of those who daily manipulate plates, and study the best effects of light and shade for the customer who pays them for the work, and rightly expects to have the best the operator can produce. The latter is one who is constantly giving to the fraternity his theory upon certain points, but in reality is not able to produce what he thinks he might or should by pursuing a given course. I shall not theorize, but give to the readers of Mosaics what, in my hands, has proven a very uniform way of working.
The first thing that presents itself to the novice is the preparation of plates for negatives. To clean, place in a solution of nitric acid and water, as follows: Two parts acid and one part water. Leave your plates in over night, or longer, as the case may require. Remove from the acid, and wash thoroughly under the tap with stiff brush, and place in clean water ready for albumenizing.
To prepare the foregoing, take the white of one egg and beat it to a stiff froth; place this in a half-gallon bottle and shake well, then filter through a fine sponge; to the sponge tie a piece of candlewick that will reach the bottom of the vessels you are to filter into, so as to prevent the formation of bubbles; having done this much, rinse the plates off under the tap a second time, and pour the albumen on at the upper right-hand corner, flow it over the plate and run it off at the lower right-hand corner into the sink; drain for a moment, and then allow the water from the tap to run on the lower corner and back of the plate, to remove the albumen that naturally crawls up the back of the plate; set away to dry. Be careful and cover your plates with paper after you have finished albumenizing, to prevent the dust from settling on them while drying. To make your negative, flow your plate with collodion made in the following way, commencing at the upper right-hand corner and flow smoothly around the plate, allowing it to run from the lower right-hand corner back into the collodion vial; rock the plate gently till well set, then immerse in a bath of nitrate of silver, prepared as given below.

Collodion
Alcohol and Ether, ................................................................................equal parts
Iodine of Ammonium, French (as your light requires),.................4 1/2 to 5 grains.
Anthony's Negative Cotton, ..................................................................5 1/2 grains.
Bromide of Potassium (dissolve in water the least possible quantity) 2 1/2 grains.

Bath
Nitrate of Silver (Rosengarten's)............................................................40 grains.
Water, .....................................................................................................1 ounce.
Iodine of Potassium................................................................................1/2 grain.

You will find in the writings of many operators, that distilled water should always be used. I never use any water but such as I can get from the tap.
The purifying of the bath, after it has refused to produce satisfactory work, comes next. My plan is this: First evaporate sufficient to drive off the alcohol and ether that the bath has gained from the dipping of many plates; place in a bottle, and reduce by adding water to about twenty gains, hydrometer test, and set in the sun or light until perfectly clear; then filter, and lastly, add new silver to make it the required strength of forty grains. The bath treated in this way has seldom refused to work O. K. from the start. The developer used with the foregoing is
Saturated Solution of Iron,...............................10 ounces
Acetic Acid, No. 8,...........................................10 ounces
Alcohol,.............................................................3 ounces
Water enough to fill up remaining space in half-gallon bottle; fix in hyposulphite of soda or cyanide of potassium. I prefer for good printing color, negatives fixed with cyanide. After fixing and washing, coat with gum Arabic, for retouching. Lastly, and by no means the least important feature necessary to making nice work, is to keep yourself and rooms clean.
I have not said one half as much as I would like. But my dear friend Wilson, and the best friend the photographer has, is patiently waiting for this little mite from far off-Oregon, and I will close. I hope this will serve to assist some new 'chip' to get out of trouble." (this publication also contains an article by Partridge)
Hodgkin, F. E. & Galvin, J. J., Pen Pictures of Representative Men Of Oregon, Portland; Farmer & Dairyman Publishing House, 1882 pg. 104-105 "Frank G. Abell, The popular and artistic photographer of Portland, was born in Roscoe, Winnebago county, Illinois, September 20, 1844. He went with his parents to California in 1857, and finished his education in the Methodist College at Santa Clara. After leaving this institution he remained with his parents at their home in Petaluma, Sonoma county, for a few weeks, and then joined the Lloyd Magruder mining expedition to Powder river. He was then but sixteen years of age, and not taking kindly to mining, returned home in the following fall, 1862. Having taken a fancy to the photographic business, and being possessed of talent in that line, he proceeded to San Francisco, and entered the well-known establishment of William Shew, on Montgomery street, where he remained four years, becoming master of the art in all its branches. In 1863, at the age of nineteen, Mr. Abell was married to Miss Kate Lauder, daughter, of George Lauder, Esq., a prominent hay and grain dealer of San Francisco, and has now two children, the oldest of whom, Emma May, aged eighteen, is at present perfecting her musical education in the Bay City, under the direction of Mrs. Marriner-Campbell, and the youngest, George L., aged sixteen, is attending the State University at Eugene, from which institution he will soon graduate. In 1866 Mr. Abell paid a visit to his old home in the East, where he remained one year, and upon his return was again engaged by Mr. Shew, where he held forth until 1874. In that year he started out on his own account and took a business trip through California, taking in San Diego, Grass Valley, and all the towns of importance throughout the State, Mrs. Abell accompanying him on the entire journey. His venture proving so successful, Frank concluded to pay a visit to Oregon, believing that his work would commend itself to the residents here, and he arrived at Ashland in November, 1876; he spent the winter there and in Jacksonville, and them moved on to Portland, stopping in Roseburg two months and in Eugene three months, reaching here in November 1877. On his arrival Mr. Abell saw at once that this city afforded a superior opportunity for a photographer of ability and, after paying a very short visit to his home in San Francisco, returned and bought out the establishment of D. H. Hendee commencing business January 10, 1878. Since his arrival here Mr. Abell has brought his business to a high degree of perfection, and obtained an extensive and well-merited patronage. During the last session of the Legislative Assembly he visited the capital and obtained single photographs of each member, and also a grouping of all together; likewise the State officers. The enterprise was the first one of the kind ever attempted, and gave general satisfaction."
Peter Palmquist, unpublished research notes, in Oregon Historical Society files."Carte de visite portraits, (with tax stamp) labeled "Abell's Star Gallery, Mills & Doll's Building, Main St., Stockton" indicate that he worked for a period in Stockton before the end of 1866.", "During the winter of 1869-1870 the San Diego newspapers list 'Frank Abell, Jr', in the partnership of Abell & Bain (beginning November 1869), this partnership was dissolved on March 5, 1870, with Bain continuing the business. Abell, meanwhile was appointed city librarian of San Diego. This was apparently short-lived employment for he soon returned to San Francisco where he again worked for William Shew's establishment (1871); r 662 Bryant Street. In May 1872 he was employed at Luther's Photographic Gallery, Unionville, Nevada. The 1872 Great Register of Nevada County listed Abell in Grass Valley. By 1874 Abell had become a traveling photographer visiting towns throughout the northern part of the state. It may be at this time that Abell's Art Gallery was established (Mill Street, near Main, Grass Valley). In 1876 he worked in the partnership Abell & Welsh. By November they reached Ashland, Oregon, where they wintered; (also Jacksonville). Following stops in Roseburg and Eugene, they reached Portland, Oregon in November 1877. There the partnership seems to have ended with Abell's purchase of the business of D. H. Hendee (January 10, 1878) where he worked until 1887. (On July 2, 1881, Abell won a gold medal for photography at the Oregon State Agricultural Society Fair). He returned from Portland To San Francisco where he was active from 1888-1897; r. 2136 Howard Street, San Francisco (1890). In 1897 he moved back to Portland and remained active in photography until he retired to open a restaurant in 1901."
Park, Harriet Word, Marriage Records of Multnomah County, Oregon 1885-1888, Portland; Genealogical Forum 1985 pg. 24. W. H. Partridge of Suffolk Co., Mass., and Emma M. Abell, of Multnomah county. Married 1 September 1886 at the house of Abell by T. Eaton Clapp, Minister of the Gospel; witnesses: Edith Neilson, E. J. Partridge. Page 101 in Marriage Records Book December 1885 to December 1888 at Multnomah County Courthouse.
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 23-24, 33-34, 46-47, 50-51.
Steele, Chris and Polito, Ron, Directory of Massachusetts Photographers, 1839-1900 (from pre-publication version kindly supplied to me by the authors) Abell, George L. listed in Needham, MA 1898.


Abrams, James L.
Chronology
1901 Sumpter
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 381 Sumpter "Abrams, James L, photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Ratchet Wheels and shaft for Bed Boy hoist plant. Transferred from Sumpter, Or. Jan. 5, 1901. by S. T. Co. Tom McEwen Mgr. Ph'td for J. W. Cowden by Abrams." captioned in negative, 8x10 contact print (WCM # LP72-1571/1635-95)


Acadia Studio
Please See Cutberth


Acme View and Advertising Co.
Chronology
ca. 1890's Portland
Photographer's Imprints
"Acme View and Advertising Co., 81 Fourth St., Portland" rubber stamp imprint on back of mount, 6 x 8 1/4" print, view of front street ca. 1890-1900 (OHS collection)


Adams, Joseph Foster
Chronology
1913-1944 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 PCD pg. 125 "Adams, J Foster photgr h 73 Sumner W"
1914 PCD pg. 198 "Adams, J Foster (Grace L) photgr Angelus Coml Photographic Co h 1252 Delaware av"
1915 PCD pg. 137 "Adams, J Foster (Grace L) photgr Angelus Coml Photographic Co h 1244 Wilbur"
1916 PCD pg. 137 "Adams, J Foster (Grace L) photgr h 1244 Wilbur"
1917 PCD pg. 91 "Adams, J Foster (Grace L) photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 1244 Wilbur"
1918 PCD pg. 91 "Adams, J Foster photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 75 Sumner W"
1920 PCD pg. 92 "Adams, J Foster h 73 Sumner W"
1921 PCD pg. 69 "Adams, J Forest (sic) photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 837 E 9th"
1923 PCD pg. 261 "Adams J Foster photogr Angelus Coml Studio h 837 E 9th N"
1924 PCD pg. 238 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 837 E 9th N"
1925 PCD pg. 206 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 837 E 9th N"
1926 PCD pg. 182 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) photgr Angelus Com Studios r837 E 9th N"
1927 PCD pg. 184 "Adams, Jos Foster (Ruth) photo Angelus Coml Studios h837 E 9th N"
1928 PCD pg. 198 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) photog Angelus Com Studio h837 E 9th N"
1929 PCD pg. 198 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) photog Angelus Com Studio h837 E 9th N"
1930 PCD not listed
1931 PCD pg. 24 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) (The Adams Studio) h 193 Morris"; "Adams Studio The (J Foster Adams) coml photogs 242 Wash R516"
1932 PCD pg. 23 "Adams, J Foster (Ruth) (Acme Comlmercial Studio) h 193 Morris"
1933-1944 Acme Commercial Studio
1950-1958 no occ.
News Items and Advertisements
1919: (classified ad) "WANTED FOR CASH- 7-inch F:4.5 lens, Cooke Series II No. 21 1/2 or Zeiss Ic Tessar No. 15a. State condition and price. J. Foster Adams, 73 West Sumner St., Portland, Oregon." American Photography, December 1919, pg. xxii


Adams, Luella M.
Chronology
1907 The Dalles
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 576 The Dalles "Adams, Luella M photographer"


Advance Portrait House
Please see Griffith, Charles E.


Aerne, Christopher Jr.
Pritchard, Nora
Aerne Studio
Chronology
1897-1914 Portland
1918 Tacoma WA
Employee Listings
Hanson, J. John photographer 1905
Pritchard, Nora, clerk 1910
Smith, Frank J. printer 1903
Directory Listings
1894 PCD pg. 155 "Aerne, Christian r Clay n w cor 6th" (probably father of photographer)
1896 PCD pg. 134 "Aerne, Christian, farmer, res 415 E Clay" (prob. father)
1897 PCD pg. 134 "Aerne, Christian, photo printer, bds 415 E Clay"; "Aerne, Christian, bds 415 E Clay"
1898 PCD pg. 134 "Aerne, Christian Jr., photog C U Hyland, bds Richmond"; "Aerne, Christian, bds Richmond"
1899 PCD pg. 125 additions and removals supplement "Aerne, Christian Jr, b 453 E Salmon"; "Aerne, Christian res 453 E Salmon"; pg. 134 regular listings "Aerne, Christian Jr, photog C U Hyland, bds Richmond."; "Aerne, Christian, res Richmond"
1900 PCD pg. 134 "Aerne, Christian Jr, photog C A Krauch, bds 453 E Sherman"; "Aerne, Christian, res 453 E Sherman"
1901 PCD pg. 1077 "Aerne, Christopher Jr, photo printer C A Krauch, bds 526 E Mill"
1902 PCD pg. 138 "Aerne, Christopher Jr (Aerne & Nordstrom), rms 133 1/2 5th"; "Aerne & Nordstrom (Christopher Aerne Jr, Carl Nordstrom) photographers, 133 1/2 5th"; "Nordstrom, Carl R (Aerne & Nordstrom), 133 1/2 5th, rms same"
1903 PCD pg. 143 "Aerne, Christopher Jr, photog, 133 1/2 5th, res 512 Harrison"
1904 PCD pg. 158 "Aerne, Christopher Jr. photog, 133 1/2 5th, res 494 Columbia"
1905 PCD pg. 149 "Aerne, Christopher Jr, photog 133 1/2 5th, res 494 Columbia"
1906 PCD pg. 145 "Aerne, Christopher Jr., photog 133 1/2 5th, res 494 Columbia"
1907 PCD pg. 206 "Aerne, Christopher Jr, photog 133 1/2 5th, res 494 Columbia"
1909 PCD pg. 215 "Aerne, Christopher Jr, photog 133 1/2 5th, res 494 Columbia"
1910 PCD pg. 116 "Aerne, Christopher Jr. photgr, 129 1/2 5th, h 494 Columbia" pg. 916 "Pritchard, Nora B. clk C. J. Aerne b 315 Marguerite"
1910 Or. not listed
1911 PCD pg. 132 "Aerne, C Jr photgr 129 1/2 5th h 494 Columbia"
1912 PCD pg. 132 "Aerne, Chris Jr pres Boyd Taxicab Co h 494 Columbia"; "Aerne Studio Nora Pritchard propr, Photographers, 4-352 1/2 Washington Tel Main 2104"
1913 PCD pg. 127 "Aerne, Christ Jr pres Boyd Taxicab Co h 494 Columbia"; "Aerne Studio, Nora Pritchard propr photgr 345 1/2 Washington"
1914 PCD pg. 200 "Aerne, Christ Jr (Anna) pres Boyd Taxicab Co h 494 Columbia"
1915 PCD pg. 138 "Aerne, Christ J. (Anna) mngr Blue Taxicab Co. h 494 Columbia" Pritchard - not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"C. Aerne Jr., Fifth & Alder, Portland Ore." blind stamp on 3 1/2" x 9" card mount with trimmed print mounted.
"C. Aerne Jr., Portland Ore." blind stamp on 3 1/2" x 9" card mount with trimmed print mounted.
"Photo by C. Aerne & Sons, French Bldg, Tacoma Wash" signed in negative on panoramic print of Camp Lewis WA December 10th 1918.
"Aerne & Nordstrom, 133 1/2 5th St., Portraits, Hood 727, Copyright" in negative, 2" x 3" promotional advertising card for their studio with interesting nude.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Aerne, Chris---Portland, Ore..."


Aerne, Robert (1872- )
Chronology
1891-1897 Portland
ca. 1897-ca. 1900 Solano county CA
1902-1903 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 PCD pg. 146 "Aerne, Robert photogr M S Eastman, rms 232 Front"
1892 PCD pg. 204 "Aerne, Robert, photog, res 88 14th N."
1893 PCD pg. 193 "Aerne, Robert, printer Aune, res Midway"
1894 PCD pg. 155 "Aerne, Robert, photo printer McAlpin & Lamb, bds Clay n w cor 6th"
1895 PCD pg. 135 "Aerne, Robert, photographer, bds 415 E Clay"
1896 not listed
1897 PCD pg. 134 "Aerne, Robert, photographer, bds 415 E Clay"
1898 - 1901 PCD not listed
1902 PCD pg. 138 "Aerne, Robert (Robert Aerne Co) bds 534 E 8th"; "Aerne, Robert Co (Robert Aerne) commercial photographers, 534 E 8th, res same"
1903 PCD pg. 143 "Aerne Photoscope Co, Robert Aerne mngr, 133 1/2 5th"; "Aerne, Robert, photog 534 E 8th, res same"
1904 - 1905 PCD Not listed
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Robert Aerne was born in Minnesota in 1872. He was active in Solano county, CA, in 1896-1898.


Ainsworth, Maud (1874-1962)
Babbitt, Maud, Mrs.
Chronology
1899-1923 Portland
Mrs. Maud Ainsworth Babbitt was the daughter of Capt. J. C. Ainsworth. She and her husband moved to Santa Barbara CA in 1924. At about age 50 she married her first cousin. Maud Babbitt died in Santa Barbara Ca. in 1962.
Directory Listings
1899 PCD pg. 135 "Ainsworth, Miss Maud, bds 795 Flanders"
1900 PCD pg. 135 "Ainsworth, Miss Maud, bds 795 Flanders"
1901 PCD pg. 108 "Ainsworth, Miss Maud, bds 795 Flanders"
1903 PCD pg. 144 "Ainsworth, Maud, bds 795 Flanders"
1904 PCD pg. 159 "Ainsworth, Maud bds 795 Flanders"
1905 PCD pg. 150 "Ainsworth, Maud bds 795 Flanders"
1906 PCD pg. 147 "Ainsworth, Maud, res 795 Flanders"
1907 PCD pg. 207 "Ainsworth, Maud, res 795 Flanders"
1909 PCD pg. 216 "Ainsworth, Maud, res Ravensview drive"
1910 PCD pg.117 "Ainsworth, Maud bds R. H. Jenkins" (pg. 591 "Ralph H. Jenkins asst frt and pass agt Spokane P & S Ry Co and Astoria & Col R R Co h Riverside dr")
1911 PCD pg. 133 "Ainsworth, Maud, b R H Jenkins"
1912 PCD pg. 134 "Ainsworth, Maud h Ravensview dr ne cor Hill Crest dr"
1913 PCD pg. 128 "Ainsworth, Maud b R H Jenkins"
1914 PCD pg. 201 "Ainsworth, Maud b R H Jenkins"
1915 PCD not listed
1916 PCD pg. 139 "Ainsworth, Maud b R H Jenkins"
1917 PCD pg. 94 "Ainsworth, Maud h 642 Ravensview dr"
1918 PCD pg. 94 "Ainsworth, Maud h 642 Ravensview dr"
1920 PCD pg. 95 "Ainsworth, Maud h 642 Hillcrest dr"
1921 PCD pg. 72 "Ainsworth, Maud h 642 Hillcrest dr"
1924-1925 PCD not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1895: "Mrs. J. C. Ainsworth, accompanied by her daughters, Miss Ainsworth and Miss Bessie Ainsworth, arrived in the city yesterday morning from their home at Oakland, California. They have taken apartments at the Portland and will remain for the summer." Oregonian, 28 March 1895, pg. 5, col. 3.
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club"<description of marine view by H. G. Smith> Somewhat after the same style are two or three dainty views of Tillamook lighthouse, by J. C. Ainsworth, one of which, more somber than the others, might merit the name 'Break, Break, Break,' so suggestive is the inward flow of the curling, spray-white surf.", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
1906: photos reproduced "A Palatial Houseboat in Lyle Harbor, Washington on the Columbia. From a photo by Maud Ainsworth."; on pg. 142 "Echolas Shore, From a photo by Maud Ainsworth" Pacific Monthly, Aug. 1906.
1962: "MRS. MAUD A. BABBITT. Mrs. Maud Ainsworth Babbitt, daughter of the late Capt. J. C. Ainsworth, Oregon pioneer river captain, shipper and banker, died Friday at her home in Santa Barbara, Calif. Her father was founder and builder of Oregon Steam Navigation Co., which operated the first steamboats on the Columbia River. He was also founder of the Ainsworth National Bank, forerunner of the United States National Bank." Oregonian 4 November 1962 pg. 48, col. 5
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Ainsworth, Miss Maud...", "Committees...Exhibition Committee...Miss M. Ainsworth..."
Photograms Of The Year 1904, (annual periodical) London; Dawbarn & Ward, pg. 171 "In the metropolis of the State, Portland, the list of pictoral workers...Maud Ainsworth..."


Akers, E. M.
Richards & Akers
Morrow Art Hall
Chronology
1890's Ione
Photographer's Imprints
"W. L. Richards & E. M. Akers, Artists, Headquarters of the Morrow Art Hall, Ione, Oregon" printed front cabinet card


Albright, Miss M.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members... Albright, Miss M. ..."


Aldrich, Frank C. (ca.1873-1929)
Chronology
1910-1921 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 120 "Aldrich, Frank C, photog 128 1/2 5th, h 23 N Park"
1911 PCD pg. 137 "Aldrich Frank C, photgr Angelus Coml Photographic Co h 22 9th N"
1912 PCD pg. 137 "Aldrich Frank C, photgr Angelus Coml Photographic Co h 22 9th N"
1913 PCD pg. 131 "Aldrich, Frank C. printer Angelus Com Photographic Co. h Wilsonville sta"
1914 PCD pg. 205 "Aldrich, Frank C (Lena) printer Angelus Com Photographic Co. h 6405 52d SE"
1915 PCD pg. 143 "Aldrich, Frank C. printer Angelus Com Photographic Co. b 22 9th N"
1916 PCD not listed
1917 PCD pg. 872 "Oregon Commerical Studio W H Chatten pres, F C Aldrich vice-pres, F E Andrews sec commercial photgrs 608-45 4th"; pg. 97 "Aldrich, Frank C (Lena) vice-pres Angelus Com Photographic Co. h 83 1/2 W Park"
1918 PCD pg. 97 "Aldrich, Frank C (Lena) shipwkr h 83 Park"
1920 PCD pg. 99 "Aldrich, Frank C (Lena) photgr res 284 Holladay Ave"
1921 PCD pg. 76 "Aldrich, Frank C (Lena) photgr Angelus Coml Studio h 205 6th"
1924-1925 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Presented to Geo. H. Himes, by Frank J. Smith & F. C. Aldrich, Photographers" ms annotation on cover of album, photographs are early copy prints documenting Steamboats, received by the Oregon Historical Society November 1915. (OHS album No. 88 A.)
News Items and Advertisements
1929: "FRANK C. ALDRICH- Frank C. Aldrich, 56, husband of Lena Aldrich, brother of Edward and brother-in-law of Mrs. Verna Wilson, died June 12 in Oakland, Cal." Oregonian, 19 June 1929, pg. 10, col. 1.


Allatt
Chronology
1897 Sherman County
News Items and Advertisements
1897: "Hammond, the photographer, is branching out in new lines that will be beneficial to business in The Dalles. He has a branch gallery at Arlington under the management of Mr. Fulsom, and this morning started Mr. Allatt into Sherman county with a complete picture taking outfit." Times-Mountaineer, (The Dalles) 17 April 1897, pg. 3, col. 3


Allen
Allen & Dollarhide
Chronology
1878 Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1878: "SOMETHING NEW Pictures cheaper than ever heard of before. Gem pictures, 24 for 50 cents, and all other sizes in proportion. Children's pictures taken in one second. All pictures finished in ten minutes. Allen & Dollarhide, proprietors. Opposite P. O., Portland. Branch of Wing & Allen, S. F." Oregonian, 23 February 1878 pg. 3, col. 2.
1878: "Gem pictures, 24 for 50 cents, and all other sizes in proportion. Children's pictures taken in one second. Gallery, opposite postoffice, Portland. Branch of Wing & Allen, S. F." Oregonian, 23 February 1878


Allen, Arthur A.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 121 "Allen, Arthur A salsn b 527 Kearney"
News Items and Advertisements
1910: Catalogue of print exhibition, Arthur A. Allen has seven print entries, taken in the south sea islands and Tahiti. Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 5.


Allen, Frederick C.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 122 "Allen, Fredk C, photgr, h 7 N Park"
1911 PCD not listed


Allen, O. G.
Chronology
1911-1913 Pendleton
Directory Listings
1912 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County pg. 22 Pendleton "Allen, Orla G (Allen Postal & View Co) res 15 East Oregonian Bldg", "Allen Postal and View Co (Orla G. Allen) Postal Cards and Views, 15 East Oregonian Bldg."
1914 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Allen's Electric Studio, Eagle Woodman Bldg., Pendleton, Or." photo post card
"Umatilla Indians Round Up. Pendleton, Ore. O. G. Allen Photo No. 261" photo post card, captioned in negative.
"Umitilla Indians At The R. U. Pendleton Ore. C. by O. G. Allen Photo No. 619" photo post card, captioned in negative.
"Indian War Dance At The Round Up No. 116. Copyright 1911 by O. G. Allen, Pendleton, Ore." photo post card, captioned in negative.
"The Round Up Parade, O. G. Allen Photo, Pendleton, Ore. No. 302" photo post card, captioned in negative.
"The Old Stages In The Round Up Parade. No. 118 Copyright by O. G. Allen, Pendleton Ore 1911" photo post card, captioned in negative.
Panoramic format prints are signed in negative
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "Crazed Man Drives His Auto Into Drug Store; Interior of Place Wrecked; None Hurt. O. G. Allen, a local photographer, escapes from attendants at St. Anthony’s hospital, jumps into machine, and speeds down street at fifty miles an hour tears through fence and heads for business center of city. Stnads in car yelling ‘Let ‘er Buck" (the full two column account must be seen to be appreciated) East Oregonian August 22, 1913.


Allen, Rata, Miss
Chronology
1899 Baker City
Directory Listings
1899 EO & P pg. 253 Baker City "Allen, Miss Rata, photographer Hazeltine's, r Front, cor Auburn av"


Allyna Studio
Chronology
Willamina
Photographer's Imprints
"The Allyna Studio, Willamina, Ore."


Alverson, Frank
Chronology
1876 Eugene
1879 Yreka CA
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Alverson, Frank, 1875, Eugene"
News Items and Advertisements
1876: "Mr. Frank Alverson has purchased the photograph gallery, for a long time past run by R. L. Forbes, and proposes to give us a 'new deal" Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 2 September 1876
1876: "Alverson, the Photographer, informs us that his stay in this city is limited, he having made arrangements to go below in a few days. All those wishing anything in his line would do well to call soon." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 16 September 1876
1876: "We are informed that Alverson, the photographer who recently started in Forbes' old gallery will remain with us but a few days longer, he having made arrangements to go below soon. All those wishing anything in his line should call immediately." Eugene City Guard, (Eugene) 26 August 1876
1876: "Frank Alverson at the gallery of R. L. Forbes has some very fine specimens of photography, and is prepared to make many more. Call and examine his work and give him a 'chance at you." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 23 September 1876
1877: "A Fraud - The Eugene Guard gives an account of a young man named Alverson who came to that town last summer, and went into the photographing business and is known here. Dr. Alverson, of Eugene, being acquainted with and distinctly related to the father of the young man, boarded him during his stay here, and when he let him have a pair of horses and buggy with which to travel and follow his occupation as a photographer, he agreeing to remit a certain amount each week in consideration thereon. But weeks passed and no returns came, and the doctor began to hunt his namesake. A few days ago he received word from the postmaster at Tehama, Cal., that Alverson had sold the team and buggy at that place and gone to Reno, Nevada. He is a bright appearing young man, about 20 years of age, a photographic artist and is accompanied by Anson Hall, a stepson of Dr. Alverson, the two travelling as the Alverson Bros." Weekly Pacific Tribune, (Seattle) 17 February, 1877 pg. 2, col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Alverson opened a gallery in Yreka, CA, for a short time in June 1879. Newspaper advertisement: "Rooms on Miner Street, Yreka, second door from U S Bakery."


Alvord, Charles A.
Sherwood, Samuel P.
Alvord-Brown
Alvord & Sherwood
Chronology
1893-1918 Portland
ca. 1895 McMinnville
Employee Listings
Hobson, Samuel photographer 1901
Directory Listings
1893 PCD pg. 200 "Alvord, Charles A. photographer J. S. Potter, rms 225 1/2 First"
1894 PCD pg. 160 "Alvord, Charles A, photographer, 167 1/2 1st, res same"
1895 PCD pg. 139 "Alvord, Charles A, photographer 281 1/2 1st, res 713 Hood"
1896 PCD not listed
1897 PCD pg. 138 "Alvord, Charles A, photographer 189 Madison, res 247 1/2 5th"
1898 PCD pg. 139 "Alvord, Charles A (Alvord & Sherwood) bds 533 Morrison"; "Alvord & Sherwood (Charles A Alvord, Samuel P. Sherwood), photographers 183 Madison"; "Sherwood, Samuel P (Alvord & Sherwood), 183 Madison, res 533 Morrison"
1899 EO & P not listed
1899 PCD pg. 140 "Alvord, Charles A, photog, 185 1/2 Morrison, bds 533 same"
1900 PCD pg. 140 "Alvord, Charles A. photog 252 Washington, res 533 Morrison"
1901 PCD pg. 113 "Alvord, Charles A, photographer, 203 1/2 1st, bds 533 Morrison"
1901 POWA pg. 283 Portland "Alvord, Charles A photogr 508 Williams av"
1902 PCD pg. 145 "Alvord, Charles A, photog 203 1/2 1st, res 381 Yamhill"
1903 PCD pg. 150 "Alvord, Charles A, photog, 203 1/2 1st, res same"
1904 PCD pg. 165 "Alvord, Charles A, photog, res 208 Grant"
1905 PCD pg. 157 "Alvord, Charles A, photog Kiser Photographic Co, res 208 Grant"
1906 PCD pg. 154 "Alvord, Charles A (Alvord & Frost) res Anabel Sta."; "Alvord & Frost (Charles A. Alvord, John B. Frost), real est 183 Morrison"
1907 PCD pg. 215 "Alvord, Charles A, photog, bds Anabel sta"
1909 PCD pg. 225 "Alvord, Charles A, photog Kern Park, res same"
1910 PCD pg. 125 "Alvord, Chas A photgr Kern Park h 43 Kelly"
1911 PCD pg. 144 "Alvord, Chas A photgr h 5614 37th av S E"
1912 PCD not listed
1913 PCD not listed
1914 PCD pg. 212 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) photgr 201 1/2 1st h 5614 37th av S E"
1915 PCD pg. 149 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) photgr 201 1/2 1st h 5614 37th av SE"
1916 PCD pg. 148 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) photgr 167 1/2 1st h 5614 37th av SE"
1917 PCD pg. 103 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) photgr 167 1/2 1st h 5614 37th av SE"
1918 PCD pg. 104 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) photgr h 5614 37th av SE"
1920 PCD pg. 107 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) mech h 5614 37th av SE"
1921 PCD pg. 83 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) clk h 5614 37th av SE"
1924 PCD pg. 254 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) clk YMCA res 5614 37th av SE"
1925 PCD pg. 223 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) dept sec YMCA h 5614 37th Av SE"
1930 PCD pg. 153 "Alvord, Chas A (Nettie) atdt YMCA h 984 E Caruthers"
1934 PCD pg. 100 "Alvord, Chas A chk room asst YMCA r 831 SW 6th av"
1936 PCD pg. 92 "Alvord, Chas A r 831 SW 6th av"
Mautz Oregon "Alvord, 1890, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Alvord Extra Finish. McMinnville, Oregon"
"Alvord - Brown, 225 First St."
"Alvord, Extra Finish, 281 1/2 First St., Portland Or." cabinet card front.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 51 Alvord gallery in McMinnville ca. 1895.


Ambrose, Thomas
Chronology
1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1916 PCD not listed
1917 PCD pg. 103 "Ambrose, Thos photgr 248 1/2 1st r 178 Caruthers"


American Portrait Co.
Chronology
ca. 1900 Tillamook
Photographer's Imprints
"Am. Portrait Co. Artistic Photographers, Tillamook, Oregon"


American View Co.
Chronology
1900 Sumpter
ca. 1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1901-1911 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"American View Co., Duplicates can be had at 43 1/2 Third St., Room 16" rubber stamp on back of card mount. 6 1/2 x 8 1/2" view of Hasty Messenger Co., which appears in the 1904 Portland City Directory at the same address visible on the facade in the photograph.
"American View Co, 33 North st. Sumpter Or." rubber stamp on back of cabinet card, "Alvin W. Jackson age 6 mos. Oct. 1900" in negative, baby portrait.


Analytis or Analetis, James
Genatis & Analytis
Chronology
1913-1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1912 PCD not listed
1913 PCD pg. 140 "Analetis, Jas photgr 16 5th N h same"
1914 PCD pg. 216 "Analetis, Jas photgr 16 5th N r same"
1915 PCD pg. 494 "Genatis, Geo (Genatis & Analytis) r 11 5th N"; "Genatis & Analytis (Geo Genatis Jas Anayltis) photgrs 11 5th N"; pg. 152 "Analytis, Jas (Genatis & Analytis) r 11 5th N"
1916 PCD not listed


Anderson, Alfred
Chronology
1894-1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1893 PCD pg. 202 "Anderson, Alfred (A Anderson & Co), res 779 Northrup"
1894 PCD pg. 163 "Anderson, A & Co. (Alfred Anderson), Printers, Lithographers and Bookbinders, 208 Alder"
1895 PCD pg. 141 "Anderson, Alfred (A Anderson & Co), res 779 Northrup"
1896 PCD pg. 140 "Anderson, Alfred (A Anderson & Co), res 779 Northrup"
1897 PCD pg. 140 "Anderson, Alfred, mngr Anderson Ptg & Litho Co, res 779 Northrup"
1898 PCD pg. 141 "Anderson, Alfred, mngr Anderson Ptg & Litho Co, res 779 Northrup"
1898 AA pg. 264 "Oregon Camera Club, Portland, Oregon, ...Treasurer, A. Anderson..."
1899 PCD pg. 142 "Anderson, Alfred, mngr Anderson Ptg & Litho Co, res 779 Northrup"
1900 PCD pg. 143 "Anderson, Alfred, mngr Anderson Ptg & Litho Co, res 341 Tillamook."
1904 PCD pg. 167 "Anderson, Alfred, Pres Anderson & Duniway Co, res 341 Tillamook"
1906 PCD pg. 157 "Anderson, Alfred, Pres Anderson & Duniway Co, res 341 Tillamook"
1910 PCD pg. 128 "Anderson, Alfred, Pres Anderson & Duniway Co, h 341 Tillamook"
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Anderson, Alfred"
1915 PCD pg. 152 "Anderson, Alf, mngr Anderson Printing Co, r 341 Tillamook"
1920 PCD pg. 112 "Anderson, Alf (Anderson Printing Co) r 341 Tillamook"
1925 PCD pg. 227 "Anderson, Alf (Anderson Printing Co) h 341 Tillamook"
1930 PCD pg. 159 "Anderson, Alf (Anderson Printing Co) h 341 Tillamook"
Photographer's Imprints
"Alfred Anderson. 208 Alder, Portland" 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 print of 1894 Portland flood on printed mount
News Items
1895: "The Camera Club... the membership is rapidly increasing at every meeting, this latter is is partially due to the efforts of a few of the members, especially Mr. Herteman (sic) and Mr. A. Anderson...", Oregonian, 9 February 1895 pg. 9.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Anderson, Alfred...", "Charter Members... Alfred Anderson...", "Committees...Lantern Slide Committee... A. Anderson..."
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 51.


Anderson, C. W.
Chronology
Portland
Directory Listings
1890-1900 PCD not listed at this address.
Photographer's Imprints
"C. W. Anderson & Co., Landscape Photographer, 128 Third Street, Portland Oregon." rubber stamp on back of mount, 6 x 7 print on 10" wide mount (mount and print damaged, unable to determine original vertical dimension) school portrait, Portland. (OHS)


Anderson, E. H., Mr. (Dallas)
Chronology
1880 Dallas
The implication of the reopening announcement is that this is the only photograph studio in Dallas in 1880.
News Items and Advertisements
1880: List of 150 signatures on petition opposing construction of a new court house in Dallas. "E. H. Anderson" Polk County Itemizer, (Dallas) 28 May 1880 pg. 2 col 3.
1880: "Photographs. Many persons will be pleased to learn that the photograph gallery is again in running order. Mr. E. H. Anderson will attend to all work that comes in. For the present he announces Friday and Saturday of each week as operating days. City patrons especially requested to call on Friday. None but good work turned out of his hands. Persons in this vicinity will do well to patronize our home gallery and then when we want anything in that line we don't have to go away from home to get it." Polk County Itemizer, (Dallas) 13 Aug 1880 pg. 1 col. 6.


Anderson, J. B.
Tollman Studio
Chronology
1913-1925 Eugene
There was a J. B. Anderson in Morris, Minnesota, in the 1890s who was an active photographer and imprinted his cabinet cards.
J. B. Anderson bought the Tollman Studio from Lulu Ehrhardt, the divorced wife of J. W. Tollman
Directory Listings
1910 Lane not listed
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Anderson, J. B., Eugene O"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Anderson, J. B., Eugene O"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Tolman Studio, Eugene O"
1925 POW pg. 219 Eugene "Tollman Studio (J. B. Anderson) photog 734 Willamette"
News Items and Advertisements
1908: (classified ads) "WANTED by June 10th, a good all round man, one who can retouch, operate, and work developing papers, take charge of studio whenever necessary. Steady position to right party. Send references and state wages expected in first letter. Address, J. B. Anderson, Morris, Minn." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 6, June, 1909. (author is not entirely positive this is the same person)
1915: "Tollman, 734 Willamette St., phone 77D, The Tollman Studio, J. B. Anderson, prop." Oregana 1916, (University of Oregon, Eugene, 1915) pg. 29.


Anderson, L. E.
Chronology
1900-1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club ... secretary L. E. Anderson;..."
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Anderson, L. E..."
"The Oregon Camera Club's Best Exhibit", Oregonian, 3 December 1905 pg. 40, illus. "The animal pictures free of landscape are few in number... as the 'Elk' by L. E. Anderson. The last-named artist has one of the very few flower studies, in this case combined with landscape, 'Erythroniunis,' which grow very near the summit of snow-capped mountains"


Anderson, L. M.
Chronology
1908 Merrill
News Items and Advertisements
1908: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 1762- Louis M. Anderson, Box 7, Merrill, Ore. 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 and smaller, on developing paper, platinum and carbon, of landscapes, seascapes and portraits" Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 11, November 1908, pg. 445


Andrew, Byron
Chronology
1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1916 PCD not listed
1917 PCD pg. 112 "Andrew, Byron photgr 244 Burnside r 160 E 47th"


Andrews, A., Miss.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members... Andrews, Miss A. ..."


Andrews, Frank E.
Chronology
1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1917 PCD pg. 872 "Oregon Commerical Studio W H Chatten pres, F C Aldrich vice-pres, F E Andrews sec commercial photgrs 608-45 4th"; pg. 112 "Andrews, Frank E (Bessie E) sec Hicks-Chatten Engraving Co h 804 E Grant"


Angelus Studio
Angelus Commercial Photo Co.
Please see Weister, George
Please see Prentiss, Arthur
Employee Listings
Adams, John Foster., photographer and printer 1914-1929
Aldrich, Frank C., photographer and printer 1911-1923
Brown, H. C.
Gensler, Jacob vice pres 1912, mngr 1913, photographer 1914.
Hasenmayer, Max manager 1916
Hasenmayer, Oscar manager 1917
Bibliography
The Call Number, (periodical, University Of Oregon Library) Vol. 24, No. 2, Spring 1963, the entire issue is about the Angelus photographs. "the photographs in this essay were drawn from the Angelus Collection, University of Oregon Library. The Angelus Studio was one of the great studios of Portland..."
The Angelus Collection, typewritten paper in Oregon Historical Society Files, no author or date, probably from the University of Oregon. This paper has many ms. corrections and does not appear to be entirely accurate. Summary of this paper: George Weister founded the studio, and had negatives dating back to 1872. He worked as an official photographer for a railroad company. The bulk of his work was commercial photography. According to the typewritten paper, and ms notes, he died in 1918 or 1922 or 1923. Upon Weister's death (or disability) he sold his studio to Arthur Prentiss, who had worked for him since 1910. In 1932 ill health forced Prentiss to retire and he sold the business and the negatives to Fred N. Clark, who ran the studio with his wife Alma. The collection of negatives is now housed in the Special Collections division of the University of Oregon Library. The Works Progress Administration began an index of the materials in 1937 and the University completed the project later. (Please note that just before press time for this book the author has located the original employees of Angelus and the person who prepared the inventory for the WPA. I have not had a chance to fully interview these people yet, however I am hoping to include this in future editions. I should remark for posterity that I am in disagreement with most of the published information about Angelus. Fred Clark was not a photographer. The early images, which are credited to Weister, are actually the work of another photographer and are probably 1883-1886. I am hoping to clarify this in future editions. The relationship between Prentiss and Weister is much more complex.
1914 "Angelus Commercial Studio, The, Goodnough Bldg, Main 2014" plus display ad: "Angelus Commercial Studio. We Photograph Construction Work, Interiors and Exteriors of Buildings, Real Estate Views, Machinery, Furniture, Automobiles, Catalog Work, etc. Special Instruments for Every Requirement. Goodnough Bldg, 5th and Yamhill Main 2014" 1914 PCBD Directory
1916: "Angelus Commercial Studio, Commercial Photographers, Operating the Largest and Most Complete Commercial Photographic Studio on the Pacific Coast. Interior and Exterior Views of Buildings, Manufacturing and Business Establishments, Machinery, Automobiles, Scenery, Catalogue Work, Lantern Slides, Developing, Printing, Enlarging and Copying. Phone Main 2014. Goodnough Building, Fifth and Yamhill Streets, Portland, Oregon" Polk's Portland City Directory 19176. Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1916. pg. 1474
1917: "Angelus Commercial Studio, Commercial Photographers, Operating the Largest and Most Complete Commercial Photographic Studio on the Pacific Coast. Interior and Exterior Views of Buildings, Manufacturing and Business Establishments, Machinery, Automobiles, Scenery, Catalogue Work, Lantern Slides, Developing, Printing, Enlarging and Copying. Phone Main 2014. Abington Building, Portland, Oregon" Polk's Portland City Directory 1917. Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1917. pg. 1469


Anson, Charles
Chronology
ca. 1900 Portland
Photographer's Imprints
"Charles Anson, Portland" imprinted on back of mount 4x5 print of river view.


Applegate, James W.
Chronology
1891-1925 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 PCD pg. 157 "Applegate, James W photogr Cordray's Theater, rms 350 Front"
1894 PCD pg. 167 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 537 Albina av, res same"
1895 PCD pg. 146 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 537 Albina av, res same"
1896 PCD pg. 144 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 508 Williams av, res same"
1897 PCD pg. 144 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 2 6th N, res 537 Albina av"
1898 PCD pg. 145 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 2 6th N, res 539 1/2 Albina av"
1899 EO & P pg. 44 Portland photographers "Applegate, J W 2 6th N and 182 Burnside"
1899 PCD pg. 146 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 2 6th N, res 539 1/2 Albina av"
1900 PCD pg. 147 "Applegate, James W, photographer, 2 6th N, res 197 Cook av"
1901 PCD pg. 120 "Applegate, James W, photog 2 6th N, res 197 Fremont"
1901 POWA pg. 284 Portland "Applegate, James W 2 6th N"
1903 PCD pg. 158 "Applegate, James W, photog 2 6th N, res 197 Cook av"
1904 PCD pg. 174 "Applegate, James W photog 2 6th N, res 197 Cook av"
1905 PCD pg. 169 "Applegate, James W, photog 2 6th N, res 197 Cook av"
1906 PCD pg. 135 additions and removals supplement "Applegate, James W. photog, 2 6th N, res 717 Commercial."; pg. 166 "Applegate, James W. photog, 2 6th N, res 197 Ivy"
1907 PCD pg. 229 "Applegate, James W, photog 2 6th N, res same"
1909 PCD pg. 238 "Applegate, J W, photog, bds 81 6th N"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Applegate, W., Studio, 2 N. Sixth St."
1910 PCD pg.137 "Applegate, Jas W photgr, h 181 6th"
1911 PCD pg. 161 "Applegate, Jas W photgr 2 6th N h 349 Benton"
1912 PCD not listed
1914 PCBD not listed
1915 PCD not listed
1917 PJD not listed
1917 PCD pg. 115 "Applegate, Jas W photgr r 253 Front"
1918 PCD pg. 118 "Applegate, Jas W photgr 167 1/2 1st r same"
1920 PCD pg. 123 "Applegate, Jas Wm, Photographer, Portraits, Views, Stamps and Enlarging 167 1/2 1st, res same"
1921 PCD pg. 98 "Applegate, Jas W photgr r 167 1/2 1st"
1924 PCD not listed
1925 PCD pg. 238 "Applegate, Jas W photog 167 1/2 1st r do"
1928 PCD not listed
Mautz Oregon "Applegate, 1890, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"J. W. Applegate. corner of Vancouver and Russel, upper Albina" imprinted cabinet cards dating ca. 1892-1893. (reported by Robert Brown)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 51-52


Arey, Herbert L. (1867-1938)
Chronology
Portland: early 1900s
Arey was an amateur photographer whose subject was trains. Among railroad photograph enthusiasts he is well known and regarded as among the best of photographers who specialized in trains. Arey was himself a life-long railroad engineer and took good advantage of his photo opportunity.
Directory Listings
1904 PCD not listed
1907 PCD pg. 230 "Arey, Herbert L, eng Eng Co No 12, rms same"
1909 PCD pg. 239 "Arey, Herbert L., eng S P Co, rms 531 Flanders"
News Items
1938: "HERBERT L. AREY. Herbert L. Arey, 70, of ...Northeast Flanders street, died yesterday while visiting his son ... man of the boiler rooms at ...union station, apparently of a heart attack. Mr. Arey was a retired locomotive engineer. Survivors include the ... Mary, and the following ... Herbert H., the son; Mrs. ... Huntington and Mrs. ... Stearns, Portland; Mrs. ... Spinning, Dufur, Or. and ... Amber Arey, Cambridge, Mass. Mr. Arey was born in New Hampshire in 1867. The body is ... moved to Finley's" Oregonian, 8 January 1938, pg. 12, col. 8. very illegible microfilm.
1938: "Retired Engineer Dies Suddenly. Herbert L. Arey, 70, retired locomotive engineer residing at 2937 N. E. Flanders street, died suddenly while visiting his son at the Union Station Friday <7 January -ed>. The son, Herbert H. Arey, said his father had to come to visit him in the boiler room at the station and was seized with a heart attack.
Mr. Arey, a native of New Hampshire, had lived in Portland for many years. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Mary Arey; his son, Herbert; Mrs. Sadie Huntington and Mrs. Pauline Sterns, both daughters living in Portland; a daughter, Miss Amber Arey, of Cambridge, Mass.; and a daughter, Mrs. Mildred Spinning of Dufur. The body is at J. P. Finley & Sons funeral parlors." Oregon Journal, 8 January 1938, pg. 8, col. 8.
1938: "FUNERAL NOTICES... AREY- Jan. 7. Herbert L. Arey at 2937 NE Flanders, husband of Mary Arey, father of Herbert H. Arey, Mrs. Sadie Huntington of Portland, Mrs. Paulina A Stearns and Miss Amber P. Arey of Cambridge, Mass., and Mrs. Mildred Spinning of Dufur, Or. Funeral services will be held Monday at 1 p. m. at Finleys chapel. SW Montgomery at 4th. Friends invited." Oregon Journal, 9 January 1938, pg. 13, col. 6.


Arleta Studio
Chronology
1910-1914 Portland
The Arleta Studio is an unidentified photographer. S. E. Stone, and Kearney are two photographers who lived in Arleta
Directory Listings
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Arleta Studio, Arleta P. O."
1914 PCBD Photographers "Arleta Studio, 6434 Foster Rd Tabor 5103"


Armatage, Mrs.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Armatage, Mrs..."


Armstrong, A. J.
Grove Studio
Armstrong & Dean
Chronology
1910-1917 Cottage Grove
1913 Creswell
Hammond
Directory Listings
1910 Lane pg. 252 Cottage Grove "Armstrong, A. J., Propr The Grove Studio, Tel Main 584, res s end River, Tel Main 337" plus display ad
1911 POW pg. 116 Cottage Grove "Armstrong, A. J., Propr The Grove Studio"
1911 POW pg. 117 Cottage Grove "Grove Studio, A J Armstrong prop, photographers"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Armstrong & Dean, Cottage Grove O"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Armstrong & Dean, Creswell O"
1915 POW pg. 1490 photographers "Armstrong, A J Cottage Grove O"
1917 POW pg. 140 Cottage Grove "Armstrong, A. J., photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Armstrong, Hammond Or." signed in negative on panoramic
"Armstrong, Cottage Grove" signed in negative panoramic print of Ft. Stephens, Sept. 1917 (OHS file 744-G)
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "The Grove Studio, A. J. Armstrong, Propr. Portraits, Views, and Enlargements. Appointments Made for Sittings at Any Time, Day or Night. Prices Right. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Phones- Studio, Main 584, Res., Main 337, Schleff Bldg. Main Street At the Bridge." Polk's Lane County and Eugene City Directory, (Portland, Polk, 1910) pg. 252 Cottage Grove


Arnold, Benjamin D.
Chronology
1901 Astoria
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 115 Astoria "Arnold, Benjamin D photographer 528 Commercial"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Armstrong, B..."


Arnold, Hosmer K.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg.176 "Arnold, Hosmer K, creditman B-F Drug Co, res 335 Jefferson"News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By H. K. Arnold, camp and roadside scenes, taken on bicycle trips...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Arnold, Hosmer K..."


Aronson, Mrs I.
Chronology
1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Aronson, Mrs. I"


Artcraft
Chronology
Grants Pass
This is an unidentified photographer in Grants Pass.
Photographer's Imprints
"Artcraft, Grants Pass, Ore."


Ash, Ormsby M.
Chronology
1900-1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 177 "Ash, Ormsby M, asst R R Hoge, bds 493 Yamhill" (steel salesman)
1910 PCD pg. 141 "Ash, Ormsby M salsn R R Hoge h 354 29th N"
1915 PCD pg. 166 "Ash, Ormsby M, agt U S Steel Products Co h Elk Rock Sta"
1925 PCD pg. 244 "Ash, Ormsby M (Bertha) sales agt U S Steel Prdts Co r Oswego Ore RD1"
Special Papers
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript pg. 47, pay to "O. M. Ash, Demonstrations, $7." noted 4 September 1902.
News Items and Advertisements
1902: "ASH, O. M., Portland, Or. 'Her Last Mooring' is the title of a pleasing green carbon that leaves but little to be wished for" Camera Craft, Vol. IV, No. 3, January 1902. pg. 121.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Ash, O. M..."
Up The Columbia, (Portland; C. H. Crocker, 1902) photo by O. M. Ash
First American Photographic Salon, (exhibition catalog, Portland; Portland Society of Photographic Art, 1905) listed as Secretary Treasurer of Portland Society of Photographic Art, and a member of the Portland Salon Committee. Listed in Catalog of prints "Ash, O. M., Portland, Ore. #9 The Mighty Deep $12.00, #10 The Fishers $12.00"
Walker, Will H.; "The American Salon in Portland, Oregon", Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 6, June 1905, pg. 349-351 "...opening of photographic salon in the new art museum...rooms were initiated by the photographic art salon, May 24th...Portland has four artists represented in five pictures, and one other Oregon artist, Mrs. Helen P. Gatch of Salem, with two pictures. The officers of the Portland society are: President, Will H. Walker; Vice President, George F. Holman;, Secretary-treasurer, O. M. Ash...O. M. Ash of this city has two pictures in the collection, both water scenes, 'The Mighty Deep' and 'The Fishers.' The former shows a small ship on the ocean just as a small squall is rising. The picture was taken from another vessel..."


Ashford, Francis
Chronology
1918-1920 Portland
The Ashford photographs are a large body of documentary photographs of business and occupational views of Portland. Approximately 1200 negatives, 5x7 glass, are now in the Oregon Historical Society. They are dated 1918-1920 by the calendars on the walls in the images. They were taken with a slow wide angle lens, with shutter, similar to a Protar 5. Magnesium flash was used on the interiors.
The identity of this photographer is in doubt. The group of negatives at the OHS is named the Ashford collection, although a substantial amount of research over the last 10 years has been unable to document why the group is named so.
Ashford is never referred to in directory listings as a photographer. In 1918 there is an Ashfold listed as a photographer, and this is possibly a typographical error for Ashford. Ashford is a listed in all other directories as a picture framer, and in 1918 this framer occupation is not listed, so, it is possible that he became a photographer for a short period of time.
The group is considered quite important by the OHS, and their efforts have accumulated a file of correspondence concerning the identify of the photographer. Included are letters to previous OHS administrators and old photographers active in Portland at the time. All of the letters draw a blank. The OHS has no record of how they came into possession of these negatives.
The current theories are that:
1. Ashford was either a name on a box or piece of paper that accompanied the materials.
2. Ashford the picture framer was the photographer and these are his negatives.
3. Ashford the picture framer found the negatives somewhere and was the donor of them to the OHS, or perhaps someone else named Ashford donated the negatives.
No vintage print of any Ashford negative has been found by the author or any other researchers. Some of the 5x7 negatives have numbers penciled on the edges. Attempts by the author to match the handwriting with other 5x7 view photographers, including Andrews, have been unsuccessful.
Note that Ashford was employed by Woodard Clark & Co. (q. v.) in 1910. They were a wholesale and retail photography supply company, and they appear to have operated a photography department and hired photographers. As an employee there, Ashford would have had many opportunities to learn photography.
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 142 "Ashford, Francis framemkr W C & Co. h 265 E 32nd"
1915 PCD pg. 167 "Ashford, Francis (Mabel H) h 265 E 32nd"
1916 PCD pg. 167 "Ashford, Francis (Mabel) frame mkr h 265 E 32nd"
1918 PCD pg. 124 "Ashfold (sic), Francis photgr r 151 Park"
1920 PCD pg. 120 "Ashford, Francis picture framer 469 Wash."
1921 PCD pg. 104 "Ashford, Francis (Ferne B) picture framer 469 Wash, h 125 17th N"
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 79.


Ashton
Chronology
1910 Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1910: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Studio; fine location; Portland, Ore; very low price, $400 down, balance easy terms. Address Ashton, 72 Selling-Hirsch Bldg, Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, July 1910.


Astor Studio
Chronology
1916 Astoria
Photographer's Imprints
"Van Dyck Studio, Portland OR" blind stamp printed mount WITH PRINTED OVERPRINT; "The Astor Studio, 510 Commercial, Astoria, Ore." (ms date Dec. 1916)


Atkeson, Laura
Atkeson, William T.
Chronology
-1865 Salem
1866 Astoria
1870 Baker City
News Items and Advertisements
1865 "SALEM CORRESPONDENCE- THE FIRE LAST NIGHT- You have heard of the fire that last evening destroyed the row of wooden buildings between the brick blocks built by Griswold and Holman; all the intervening buildings, covering a space of about one hundred and fifty feet front, compactly fitted in, were burnt and most of the contents utterly destroyed. The fire is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary, applied between two of the buildings; it spread rapidly, but was arrested by the fire-proof bricks, which stood the test admirably and stayed the progress of the flames. The fire illustrates the great necessity of fire engines and insurance offices, both of which were wanting in operation, and either of which might have saved much loss...The Statesman places the losses at the following amounts: ... Laura Atkeson, photograph gallery, $1,500 ... no insurance on any part of it ..." Oregonian, 20 April 1865, pg. 2, col. 2.
Official Records
1870 Federal Census, Eastern Oregon, Baker County, Baker City (nearest Post Office), household no. 74,
Atkeson, William T., age 37, male, born Illinois, occupation Photographer
Atkeson, Laura, age 30, female, born Iowa, occupation keeps house.
Parker, Clara, age 11, female, born Wisconsin, attends school
Photographer’s Imprints
"Mrs. W. T. Atkeson. Astoria Oregon. March 1866" ms signature cancellation of civil war tax stamps affixed to CDV back. Portrait of Dr. Maxson.


Atkinson, Joel
Chronology
1910-1911 Sand Lake
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "International Photographic Association ... List of New Members ... 2359 - Joel Atkinson, Box 10, Sand Lake, Ore. 5x7 and smaller, developing paper, of landscape and marine views ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 4, April 1910
1911: (classified ad) "FOR SALE One 5x7 Pony Premo No. 6, fitted with Goerz Dagor lens, Goerz Xcell shutter, 11 plate holders, film pack adapter, plate tank; cheap if taken at once. Joel Atkinson, Sand Lake, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 7, July 1911


Atlantic Photo-View and Advertising Co.
Please see Gardiner, Mrs. R. H.


Atwood, H. A., Mrs.
Chronology
1881 Corvallis
Directory Listings
1881 Ore pg. 530 Corvallis "Atwood, H. A., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Atwood, Mrs. H. A. 1870, Corvallis"
Photographer's Imprints
"Mrs. H. A. Atwood, Photographer, Corvallis, Ogn." CDV with rubber stamp back
Bibliography
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerrotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, Portland; Oregon Historical Society, Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 45.
Andrews, Ralph W., Picture Gallery Pioneers, New York; Bonanza 1964, pg. 189.


Aune, Aasta, Miss.
Aune, Amante
Aune, Peter O.
Aune, Struck (1859-)
Aune, Petra (-1929)
Aune Bros.
Chronology
1890-1948 Portland
The studio was founded by Peter O. Aune and his wife. After the death of his wife, Peter left the United States to return to Norway. He opened a studio in Trondhjem. The advertising of the Portland studio indicates he won medals for photography at Stockholm in 1897.
Employee Listings
Aerne, Robert, printer 1893
Birkin, Dazie R attendant Aune 1909
Butterworth, Charles, photographer 1899-1900
Gill, Esther A. printer for Aune 1904
Hawley, Edna M., retoucher Aune 1904
Leonard, J Edson photographer 1913
Scholl, Aemillan, photographer Aune 1910
Tonge, John H, photog Aune, 1901
Tonseth, Aagot, bookkeeper Aune 1910
Directory Listings
1890 PCD pg. 133 "Aune, Peder (sic) O, retoucher Joseph Thwaites, rms 111 N 8th"
1891 PCD pg. 160 "Aune, Peter O, photogr, bds 307 N 15th"
1891 POWI pg. 423 "Aune Bros (Peter, Amante, and Struck) photographers, 169 7th"
1892 PCD pg. 224 "Aune (Struck A, Peter, Amanthe Aune), photographers, 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, operator Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Peter (Aune), res Glencoe park"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res Glencoe Park"
1893 PCD pg. 211-212 "Aune (Struck A, Peter, Amanthe Aune), photographers, 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, opr Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Amanthe (Aune) bds Glencoe"; "Aune, Peter (Aune), bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res Glencoe Park"
1894 PCD pg. 171 "Aune (Struck and Peter O Aune), photographers 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, retoucher Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Peter O (Aune), res Glencoe"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) bds 686 E Morrison"
1895 PCD pg. 150 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographers 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, retoucher Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Peter O (Aune), res 686 E Morrison"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res 546 Taylor"
1896 PCD pg. 148 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographers 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, retoucher Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res Glencoe park"
1897 PCD pg. 147 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographers 169 7th"; "Aune, Miss Aasta, retoucher Aune, bds Glencoe park"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res Glencoe park"
1898 PCD pg. 148 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographers 169 7th"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res Glencoe park"
1899 EO & P pg. 44, Portland Photographers "Aune 169 7th"
1899 PCD pg. 149 "Aune, (Struck Aune), photographer, 169 7th"; "Aune, Struck, res 569 Belmont"; "Aune, Amy, stitcher Fleischner, M & co., bds 124 1/2 Knott"
1900 PCD pg. 150 "Aune, (Struck Aune), photographer, 169 7th"; "Aune, Struck, res 569 Belmont"; "Aune, Miss Amy, bds 124 1/2 Knott"
1901 PCD pg. 124 "Aune, (Struck Aune), photographer, 169 7th"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), res 750 E Salmon"
1901 POWA pg. 284 Portland "Aune, Struck photographer 169 7th"
1902 PCD pg. 158 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographer 169 7th"; "Aune, Struck (Aune) res 750 E Salmon"
1903 PCD pg. 163 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographer, 169 7th, Tel Main 1635"
1904 PCD pg. 179 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, 169 7th, Tel Main 1635"
1905 PCD pg. 176 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 365 Washington cor W Park, Tel Main 1635"
1906 PCD pg. 172 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographer, Studio 365 Washington, cor W Park, Tel Main 1635"; "Aune, Mrs. Christine, res 370 E 8th"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), res 788 E Taylor"
1907 PCD pg. 236 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tels Main 1635 and A 1635"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), res 788 E Taylor"
1909 PCD pg. 246 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tels Main 1635 and A 1635"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), res 788 E Taylor, Tel East 3303"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Aune, C. Jr., 129 1/2 5th St"
1910 PCD pg. 144 "Aune (Struck Aune), photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tel Main 1635, A 1635", "Aune Struck (Aune) h 788 E Taylor"
1911 PCD pg. 171 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tels Main 1635 and A 1635"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), res 788 E Taylor"
1912 PCD pg. 171 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tel Main 1635 and A 1635"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), h 788 E Taylor"
1913 PCD pg. 159 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tel Main 1635 and A 1635"; "Aune, Struck (Aune), h 788 E Taylor"
1914 PCD pg. 237 "Aune (Struck Aune), Photographer, Studio 6th floor Columbia Bldg, Tel Main 1635 and A 1635"; pg. 238 "Aune, Struck (Petra) (Aune), h 788 E Taylor"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Aune The Photographer Columbia Bldg. Main 1635"
1915 PCD pg. 169 "Aune, The Photographer, Studio 6th Floor Columbia Bldg, 365
Washington, Tel Main 1635, A1635"
1916 - 1920 not listed
1921 PCD pg. 108 "Aune-Ball Inc (Successors to C Elmore Grove) Photographers 839 Morgan Bldg, Tel Main 339"; "Aune, Struck (Aune-Ball Inc) 839 Morgan bldg"
1924 PCD pg. 282 "Aune Photographic Studio (Struck Aune), Portland's Popular Photographer, 839 Morgan Bldg, Tel MAin 0339"
1925 PCD pg. 249 "Aune Portrait Studio (Struck Aune), Portland's Popular Photographer, 839 Morgan Bldg, Tel Main 0339"
1928 PCD pg. 242 "Aune Portrait Studio (Struck Aune) Portland's Popular Photographer, 839 Morgan Bldg, Tel BEacon 0549"; "Aune, Margt A photo Aune Portrait Studio, r 861 E 30th"; "Aune, Rinar R mgr Aune Portrait Studio r 861 E 30th N"; "Aune Struck J C (Petra M; Aune Portrait Studio) h 861 E 30th N"
1930 PCD pg. 184 "Aune Portrait Studio (Struck Aune) Portland's Popular Photographer, Studio and Home Portraiture 839 Morgan Bldg, Tel BEacon 0549"; "Aune, Margt A Mrs. photo Aune Portrait Studio, r 201 E 86th"; "Aune, Rinar R (Ellen C) mgr Aune Portrait Studio h 1061 Shaver"; "Aune Struck J C (Aune Portrait Studio) h 6317 27th av SE"
1934 PCD pg. 126 "Aune Portrait Studios (Struck J C Aune) 425 Morgan bldg"; "Aune Margt T Mrs photog Aune Portrait Studios r 1149 SE 86th av"; "Aune Rinar R (Ellen C) mgr Aune Portrait Studios h 3555 NE Shaver"; "Aune, Struck J C (Aune Portrait Studios) r 6317 SE Clinton"
1936 PCD pg. 118 ""Aune Portrait Studio (Rinar R Aune) Portland's Popular Photographers, Studio and Home Portraiture 425 Morgan Bldg, Tel BEacon 0549"; "Aune Margarethe T photog Aune Portrait Studios r 1149 SE 86th av"; "Aune Rinar R (Ellen C) (Aune Portrait Studios) h 3555 NE Shaver";
1948 Portland Phone Directory pg. 292 "Aune" Serving Portland for 2 Generations" 3555 NE Shaver, TR-3455"
Mautz Oregon "Aune, 1890, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Aune, Portland Ore." blind stamp on 5 1/4" x 7 3/8" card, also 7" x 9" card.
"Aune, Portland Or. U. S. A., Trondhjem, Norge" embossed front CDV, "Jacob Mathesons Gaard, Olaf Trygvesons Gade 14. Sondregad. Medalje Stockholm 1897. Aune, Trondhjem. Indgang Fra Olaf Trygvesons Gd." engraved back.
"Aune, 169 Seventh, Between Morrison and Yamhill, Portland, Oregon" printed on front of 11" x 14" mount, 7 1/2" x 9 1/2" print of Flood of June 7, 1894 (OHS)
"Alerander (sic) O. Aune, Traveling Artist" CDV imprinted back (OHS study collection)
News Items and Advertisements
1891: "Aune, Photographers, 169 Seventh St. Ground Floor, Betw. Morrison and Yamhill. Lady operator from Europe has arrived." Oregonian 3 November 1891. daily display ad, which has not been tracked for start and stop dates yet.
1899: "Aune Studio 169 7th St., Portland, photographs in carbon, platinum, and aristo-platino" The Cardinal, (Portland High School, June 1899, vol. 2 #10,
1905: "Aune The Photographer, 169 Seventh St" with sample portrait. First American Photographic Salon, (exhibition catalog, Portland; Portland Society of Photographic Art, 1905)
1905: (photograph illustrated) "Shy by J. C. S. Aune, Portland, Oregon" Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 3 March 1905, pg. 132.
1906: "Aune, The Photographer Columbia Bldg Portland", with photo of "interior of reception room" of Aune's studio. The Cardinal, (Portland High School Annual, June 1906)
1907: "J. C. S. Aune, the popular photographer of Portland, is expected to return from his six months' trip in Europe about the first of June" Camera Craft, Vol. XIV, No. 5, May 1907 pg. 240.
1923: "Aune 8389 Morgan Bldg, 4x5 1/2" $8 per dozen, Selection of Poses" The Cardinal, (Portland High School, 1923,
1929: "Mrs. Struck Aune. Mrs. Struck Aune (Petra Tonseth), who had been a resident of Portland for 39 years, died June 26 at Good Samaritan hospital after an illness of two weeks.
Mrs. Aune had been keenly interested in many types of civic work. She was a member of the Americanization board, treasurer of the Northwest Poetry society, also a member of the Oregon State Women's Press club. Mrs. Aune's own writings have been recognized by these organizations for some time.
She has also been a long-time member of the Norwegian Bethlehem Lutheran church, at Fourteenth and Davis streets. She was historian of the Women's Missionary Federation of the Pacific district, also secretary of the thank offering for Oregon Lutheran circuit.
Mrs. Aune, who was born in Noway, came to Portland in 1890 and married Struck Aune of the Aune studio. She is survived by her widower and three children, Mrs. Luther Tisdale and Rinar Aune of this city, and Mrs Ivan Houser, of Clayton, Wash.; also three brothers, Cornerius, Harold and Birger Tonseth, and two sisters, Mrs. Jack Slippern of Los Angeles and Mrs. Albert Nelsen of Bellingham, Wash.
Funeral services will take place from the Bethlehem Lutheran church, Fourteenth and Davis streets, tomorrow at 2:30 p. m,. Rev A. H. Thorsen officiating. Services at Portland Cemetery will be private." Oregonian, 28 June 1929, pg. 14, col. 3.
1930: "Struck Aune is one of Portland's Pioneer photographers. He has conducted his photographic studio here for more than 40 years. Recently I received a notice from Theo O. Gladding, secretary of the Lang Syne society, to go up to the Aune studio to have my picture taken, as a group picture was to be made of the members of the Lang Syne society. The officers of the Lang Syne society are...
When I presented my card from the Lang Syne society a very charming young lady took me into the studio, handed me a magazine and told me to amuse myself by reading till she was ready. She fixed various lighting effects, turned on the lights, and mussed my hair up a little, so it wouldn't look so formal, and, going to her camera, she had me pose in various ways to to see which would look best. I said 'Tell me when you are going to take the picture' which she promised to do. After about five minutes of looking in different directions, I said, 'It takes quite a while to get me in the pose you like best, doesn't it?' She smiled and said, 'You're all through. I have taken quite a number of exposures of you and I caught you looking natural and not posing for a picture as you wanted to do.'
You seem to enjoy the work,' I said.
'I love it.' she replied. 'I couldn't be happy at anything else. It thrills me to be able to make a record of a real person - to catch their thought and to get their character. People usually want to pose, and whenever they do they are bound to look stilted. You don't look your best when you are trying to look that way.
'I didn't plan to be a photographer. I studied singing, but I believe the development of any art, whether it is singing or poetry or painting or sculpture, helps one in this work. My name was Margarethe Aune up to a year ago; now it is Mrs. Luther L. Tisdale. I was born in Portland and attended Washington High School. I graduated from the Polytechnic high in Los Angeles. I am one of Dad's three children. All of us are in the studio with him. The only other photographer who has been in the business in Portland as long as my father is Butterworth. He worked with Dad and then later started for himself.
'I am going to ask my father to come and answer some of your questions, but before I do so I want you to look at one of the best pictures I ever made, and at the same time it was one of the hardest pictures I ever took. It is a picture of Dad. I worked and worked on it, and finally, when he was resting a moment, he looked up with a smile of sympathy, for he knew how eager I was to get a good picture of him, and I caught that look of alertness, interest, and sympathy, and I got a real picture.'
A moment or two later Mr. Aune sat down with me and in answer to my questions said:
'I was born in Norway, April 15, 1859. My father was a university man and well-to-do. I read so much about America that I wanted to come to this country and fight the Indians and kill buffaloes. I came here when I was 20 years old, enlisted in the 18th United States infantry and was sent to Montana. My company was stationed at Fort Assiniboine. We had numerous skirmishes with the hostile Indians. I was very ambitious to become a commissioned officer and eventually I became sergeant-major of the regiment. Captain Kellogg did everything to help me, as did also Colonel J. J. Coppinger, in command of the regiment.
'After serving five years I decided not to follow an army career. I went to Chicago and worked in the auditor's office of the Chicago, Burlington, and Northern railway. I was clerk for Mr. Holcomb, who later came to Portland as vice president of the O. R. & N. My brother, Peter Aune, had a gallery here in Portland so in 1890 I came to Portland and went in business with him. I was one of 15 children. After coming to Portland I married Petra Tonseth. My brother-in-law Thomas Tonseth married Amate Aune, and Cornelius Tonseth, his brother married Aoata Aune. In other words, two of the Aune brothers married two of the Tonseth sisters and two of the Aune sisters married two of the Tonseth brothers. My brother Peter, after his wife died, went back to Norway, so I conducted the gallery for some years. I have had four children, three of whom, Margarethe, Ringar, and Mildred, are now living, and all of whom are in the gallery with me. They love the profession as much as I do." Lockley, Fred, "Impressions and Observations of the Journal Man" Oregon Journal, 15 March 1930, pg. 4, col. 6-7.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 51 + front cover.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Aune, J. S. C.---Portland, Ore..."


Averill, D. M.
Chronology
1901 Portland
Photographer’s Imprints
"D. M. Averill & Co. Photographic Goods. 331 Morrison St., Portland Ore." imprinted negative envelope.
News Items and Advertisements
1901: "Your Views Developed, Printed and Mounted Reasonably and Satisfactrily. D. M. Averill & Co. 331 Morrison Street, Portland, Or." Oregonian, 6 May 1901. regular advertisement which has not been tracked from first to last insertion yet.


Avery, D. A.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Avery, D. A..."


Avery, William L.
Rendall & Avery
Chronology
1864 Portland
Directory Listings
1865 East Cascades Directory pg. 184 Portland photograph galleries "Avery, William L., Front, bet What Cheer House and New Columbia Hotel, Main"
News Items and Advertisements
1864: "PORTLAND PHOTOGRAPHIC ROOMS! New Building, Cor. 2d and Alder Sts., Portland, Oregon. STEVE A. RENDALL - OPERATOR. The Citizens of Portland and the inhabitants of Oregon and the Territories of Washington and Idaho, are respectfully informed that the above rooms are opened to the public. Photographs of All Sizes. 'Cartes de Visite', Ambrotypes and Landscape Views, Taken in the Best New York Style, and at the shortest notice, on Reasonable Terms. Photographic Albums of various sizes. Avery & Rendall. Notice- Photographic Artists will please take notice that a good assortment of Frames and Cases can be had at the above Rooms. A. & R. Portland, Oregon, Oct. 31, 1864" Oregonian, 31 October - 29 November 1864


Backer, L. J.
Chronology
1888 Summerville
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 502 Summerville "Backer, L J, photographer"


Backus, Morgan (1869-1903)
Chronology
1889 Astoria
Directory Listings
1889 POWI Astoria pg. 144 "Backus, Morgan photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Wheeler, Astoria Or." OVERPRINTED ON: "Backus, Astoria, Oregon" cabinet card printed front. (note: Warren D. Wheeler was active 1890 in Astoria)
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Morgan Backus was the editor and publisher of the Pacific Coast Photographer, a monthly 20-36 page journal which was the official journal of the 400 member California Camera Club (formed 1890). He also wrote for Overland monthly and other journals.


Badger
Chronology
Sodaville
Photographer's Imprints
"Badger's For Best Photographs. Sodaville Or." rubber stamp on portrait back, 1890's?

Baechler, Charles
Baechler, Charles and Wagner Brothers
Chronology
1892-1893 Portland
Directory Listings
1880 PD pg. 70 "Bachler (sic), C., printer, bds 15 N Third"
1881 PD pg. 70 "Baechler, C., printer, res s w cor N Third and B"
1882 GD pg. 90 "Baechler, Charles, printer Oregon Deutsche Zeitung, res 15 N Third, s w cor B."
1883 GD pg. 72 "Baechler, Charles, printer with C. A. Landenberger, 113 Fourteenth, bet G and H"
1884 GD pg. 76 "Baechler, Chas., printer, res 351 Carruthers"
1885 PCD pg. 110 "Baechler, Charles, Electrotype and Stereotype foundry, 5 Washington, res 135 Caruthers" plus display ad on directory pg. 26, quoted below.
1889 PCD pg. 137 "Baechler, Ch & Co (Charles Baechler, Louis Wagner) Electrotypers and Photo Engravers 10 Stark"; "Baechler, Charles (C Baechler & Co) rms 30 Clay"
1890 PCD pg. 135 "Baechler, C & Co (Charles Baechler, New Era, Or, Louis Wagner), electrotypers and photo engravers, 10 Stark"
1891 PCD not listed
1892 PCD pg. 228 "Baechler, Charles (Baechler & Wagner Bros) bds 776 Glisan"; "Baechler & Wagner Bros (Charles Baechler, Charles and Lewis Wagner) photographers, 776 Glisan"
1893 PCD pg. 214 "Baechler, Charles (C. Baechler & Co) bds 778 Glisan"; "Baechler C & Co (Charles Baechler, Louis Wagner) photographers, 778 Glisan"
1894 PCD pg. 173 "Baechler, Charles photo engraver, res 618 7th"
1895 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Baechler, 778 Glisan St., Portland Or." cabinet card, printed front
"Baechler & Wagner, 576 B. St., Portland, Or."
"C. Baechler, 778 Gilsan St., Portland, OR." trimmed print of lumber products
News Items and Advertisements
1885: "ELECTROTYPING, STEREOTYPING, GOLD SILVER AND NICKEL PLATING DONE AT REASONABLE RATES. By CHAS. BAECHLER, No. 5 Washington St., (Hime's printing office) Estimates Furnished." Portland City Directory 1885, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1885.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 52


Baeck, Mr.
Chronology
1885 The Dalles
News Items and Advertisements
1885: "Once more I have taken possession of the photograph gallery and will be assisted by Mr. Baeck, of San Francisco, one of the best operators on the coast, having had 20 years experience in Europe, in some of the leading galleries of London and Paris. The Dalles may now expect fine work at the following low prices: cards $3, cabinets $5, and boudoirs $8 per dozen. Don't all come in a rush but give us plenty of time. W. H. Gilhousen." The Dalles Times-Mountaineer 23 May 1885, pg. 3, col. 4.


Bagley, H. T., Mrs.
Chronology
1914 Hillsboro
News Items and Advertisements
1914: "International Photographic Association... New Members... 3941- Mrs. H. T. Bagley, Hillsboro, Ore. 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, various papers, of Columbia River scenes, bathing pictures, snow-capped mountains, landscapes, baby photos, and many miscellaneous subjects...Class 1" Camera Craft, September 1914, pg. 469.


Bagnasco, Policarpo
Chronology
Paris
before 1866 San Francisco
1866 Portland
Policarpo Bagnasco was in Portland very briefly, employed by Joseph Buchtel in the fall of 1866. By January of 1867 he was no longer working for Buchtel.
According to Richard Rudisell, he was an itinerant Italian photographer who traveled through Arizona and New Mexico during the early 1870's.
According to Peter Palmquist, he was Carlton Watkins chief photographer, ca. 1872- ca.1882, and following that was chief photographer for I. W. Taber, of San Francisco, ca. 1882- ca.1892.
Directory Listings
1865 - 1866 PD not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1866: "SUN PEARL - Mr. Buchtel yesterday placed ...<illegible>... eyes a frame of nine sun pearl pictures, which we are certain cannot be beat in any city. They were taken at his gallery, at the corner of Front and Morrison streets, in this city, by Mr. Bagnasco Policarpo, a Parisian artist, late of San Francisco, now in the employ of Mr. Buchtel. In another column Mr. B. invites the public to call at his gallery and examine specimens." Oregonian, 25 August 1866, pg. 3 col. 1
1866: "THE LATEST STYLE OF FINE ART PICTURES, the attention of the public is invited to the fact that JOSEPH BUCHTEL'S PIONEER GALLERY, corner of Front and Morrison streets, Portland, Oregon, is the only place in this state where those beautiful SUN PEARLS are produced in a manner equal to the art in San Francisco, New York, or European cities. Having employed the services of the Best Operator on the Pacific Coast, Mr. Bagnasco Policarpo, of Paris, late of San Francisco, the undersigned is better prepared than any other Gallery to furnish all styles of Pictures known to the Art. The public are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens, which shall be sufficient to convince the most skeptical of the truth of the above statements. Critics are invited to call. Portland, August 25th, 1866. Joseph Buchtel." Oregonian, 25 August - 1 September 1866
1866: "We were glad to meet our friend Joseph Buchtel on the street yesterday, after a few days confinement occasioned by spraining his right ankle, when ...<illegible>...accomplished at the match game of ball, played in East Portland on Friday evening. The injury did not interrupt his business, as Mr. Policarpo attends to the picture department." Oregonian, 4 September 1866, pg. 3 col. 1
1880: (letter to the editor of Anthony's Photographic Bulletin) "San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 5, 1880. Mr. T. C. Roche. Dear Sir: Last summer while in New York I had from you a small bottle of your SUBLIME Bromide Emulsion and preservative. After trying all the different bromide emulsions on the market, I conclude yours is the best in every respect, and I will follow your formulae for my work. Yours very respectfully, P. Bagnasco." Anthony's Photographic Bulletin, (New York) February 1880, pg. 63. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter: "Carlton E. Watkins, Photographer of the American West" Albuquerque:University Of New Mexico, 1983. includes biographical information about Policarpo Bagnasco, who was the chief printer and apparent studio manager for the San Francisco based operation. pg. 65 has a letter from Watkins with processing instructions to Policarpo. pg. 71 relates that Policarpo Bagnasco left Watkins to work for his arch-rival I. W. Taber in the early 1880's.



Bailey, Arlie A. Jr.
Chronology
1918 Portland
His father has the same name.
Directory Listings
1915 PCD pg. 174 "Bailey, Arlie A Jr (Lucille) (Bailey & Son) h 464 E Ash", (Bailey & Son are linotypers at 102 Ash)
1918 AAP pg. 295 "Oregon Camera Club ...president A A Bailey, Jr..."
News Items and Advertisements
1917: "OREGON CAMERA CLUB ELECTS YOUNGER MEN TO STIR UP MORE 'PEP'. The annual election of the Oregon Camera club Tuesday night resulted as follows: A. A. Bailey Jr., president..." Oregon Journal, 10 January 1917, pg. 2.
1944: "Death Takes County Clerk. A. A. Bailey, Multnomah county clerk since 1929, died early Friday of a heart ailment at his home at 5616 S. E. Hawthorne boulevard. He was 76.
Funeral services will be held Tuesday at 2:30 P. M. at J. P. Finley & Son and will be conducted by Mount Tabor Lodge, A. F. and A. M. Commitment at Portland Crematorium will be private.
Mr. Bailey, who was renominated for the county clerk position on the republican ticket by a landslide margin at the recent primary, suffered a serious illness several months ago and was under treatment at St. Vincent's hospital. He was able to be in his office only a few days after the illness. ... Obituary on page 9" Oregonian, 3 June 1944, pg. 1, col. 2
1944: "Arlie A. Bailey, Multnomah county clerk, who died Friday at his home, had been active in political life in the state since 1903, when he was elected a state representative.
Mr. Bailey was born in Sulphur Wells, Ky., November 7, 1867. He was educated in the grade and high schools of Minnesota and Kansas. He became a journeyman printer while employed in the plant of the Arnett (Kan.) Plain Dealer, where Arthur Capper, later to become United States senator from Kansas, also was employed.
Range Rider Six Months. After following the printing profession several years, Mr. Bailey went to Texas, where he rode the range for six months. He then went to Colorado, where he again became a printer. He was employed as a printer in St. Joseph, Mo., at the time of the shooting of Jesse James, notorious bandit.
After following his trade in various cities of Missouri and Kansas for a number of years, Mr. Bailey went to Topeka, where he was by the Daily Capitol, then owned by Senator Caper.
Mr. Bailey came to Portland in 1896. He worked as a printer here until 1905, when he purchased an interest in a local linotype plant.
Twice in Legislature. He served as a state representative from 1903 to 1906 and as a state senator from 1907 to 1909. He was appointed chief probation officer for the juvenile court by Circuit Judge George Tazwell and later was made chief of the probate department.
Mr. Bailey was elected county clerk in 1929 and has held the position continuously since that time. ..." Oregonian, 3 June 1944, pg. 9, col. 6.


Bailey, J. L.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints "...By J. L. Bailey, view of the unseaworthy steamboat, 'Staghound,' as she appeared one day out from Astoria...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members... Bailey, J. L. ..."


Baird, Willis
Chronology
1913 Seghers
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1951 photographers "Baird, Willis, Seghers O"


Baker
Baker & Koehler
Chronology
1913 Dufur
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Baker & Koehler, Dufur O"


Baker, Carl R.
Baker & Kinson
Kodak Shop
Chronology
1917-1927 Eugene
Directory Listings
1917 POW pg. 159 Eugene "Kodak Shop, The, General Photography, 982 Willamette, Tel 535" Plus display ad "The Kodak Shop, Baker and A. T. Kinson, Ansco Cameras, Films, and Cyko Paper. Expert Dev, Printing, Enlarging., phone 535, 982 W E"
News Items and Advertisements
1927: "Kodak Shop. Kodaks, Films, Carl R. Baker Film Shop, 7 West 7th, Developing, Printing" Eugene Guard, 20 April 1927, pg. 10, col. 8.


Baker, H. H.
Chronology
Wallowa County
Photographer's Imprints
"H. H. Baker Portrait Co. Wallowa Co. Ore." cabinet card (Joseph Museum)


Baker, James H.
Chronology
1889 Lewiston, ID
1899 Baker City
1899 Napa CA
1903 Union
Directory Listings
1899 EO & P pg. 256 Baker City "Baker, Jas H photographer, cor 3d and Washington, r same"
1903 POW pg. 440 Union "Baker, James H photographer"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: by 1889 he moved to a new gallery in partnership with George P. Clark, Napa City.
Hart, Arthur A., Camera Eye on Idaho, (Caldwell; Caxton 1990) pg. 156: J. H. Baker active in Lewiston, ID in 1889


Bakowski, B. B. ( -1911)
Oregon Art Co.
Chronology
1908-1911 LaGrande
1908-1911 Bend
Bakowski was a noted postcard photographer from Central Oregon. He photographed scenics, stage and freighter wagons, and city views. His postcards are sequentially numbered and he produced over 3500 views.
He disappeared in 1911 while photographing Crater Lake during a winter blizzard. Search parties found his camp and camera but his body was never recovered. Postcard views of Bakowski's campsight were produced by Pershin (q. v.) of Klamath Falls.
His postcards were signed either B. B. Bakowski or Oregon Art Co.
News Items and Advertisements
report of disappearance of Bakowski while photographing Crater Lake. Mail Tribune (Medford) and Klamath Chronicle 22 February 1911.
report of search party Mail Tribune (Medford) 1 March 1911.
search party unable to locate Bakowski; he is presumed dead. Mail Tribune (Medford) 2 March 1911.
report of gale raging over Crater Lake. Mail Tribune (Medford) 3 March 1911.
report that search parties gave up. Mail Tribune (Medford) 9 March 1911.
biography of Bakowski. Mail Tribune (Medford) May 1976.
Bibliography
The Disappearance of B. B. Bakowski Table Rock Sentinel (Jacksonville, newsletter of the Southern Oregon Historical Society) Supplement issue, September - October 1985. pg. 3-6.
Photographer's Imprints
"B. B. Bakowski, LaGrande Or." real photo post card signed in negative, with 1910 postmark


Baldwin, James R. (ca. 1850- )
Chronology
1880 Sheridan
Census Listings
1880 Federal Census: Sheridan. Baldwin, James R., age 30, photographer, born Ohio.


Baldwin, Maud E. (1878-1926)
Chronology
1899-1925 Klamath Falls
Directory Listings
1901 POWI - Klamath Falls not listed
1903 POW pg. 224 Klamath Falls "Baldwin, Maud, photographer"
1905 POW pg. 259 Klamath Falls "Baldwin, Maud, photographer"
1907 POW pg. 266 Klamath Falls "Baldwin, Maud E., scenic photographer"
1909 POW pg. 208 Klamath Falls "Baldwin, Maud E., photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1905: "California College of Photography Notes... - Miss Maud E. Baldwin has returned to her studio at Klamath Falls, Ore., where she will continue her work. Miss Baldwin is an excellent photographer, and we predict a very successful future for her. During her course with us she exercised the greatest of care with all her work, which, together with her own natural liking for the photographic art, will prove of the utmost value to her." Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 6, June 1905, pg. 378.
Bibliography
Drew, Harry J.; Maud Baldwin - Photographer, Klamath County Museum Research Paper Number 10, Klamath Falls; Klamath County Museum 1980. This is a 144 page monograph on Maud Baldwin with full biography and many plates, bibliography. The reader is refered to this work for additional information. At the time of this writing the work is still in print.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Baldwin, Maud E.---Klamath Falls, Ore..."


Ball Studios
Please see Hall, W. Maurice


Ballweg, Phillip
Chronology
1912 Baker
News Items and Advertisements
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 3314- Phillip Ballweg, Baker, Ore. Post cards, developing paper, of general views. Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 5, May 1912


Banks, J. C.
Chronology
1909 Brownsville
1913 Foster
1913 Wren
1915 Sweet Home
News Items and Advertisements
1909: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 1832 - J. C. Banks, Brownsville, Ore. 5x7 and smaller on printing out paper, of Oregon mountain scenery... " Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 2, February 1909
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 3389- J. C. Banks, Wren, Ore. 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, developing paper, of Oregon scenery, mountains, lakes, Pacific Ocean scenery, and wild animals." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 8, August 1912
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of Renewals... 3389- J. C. Banks, Foster, Ore. 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, on developing paper, of Oregon scenery, mountains, lakes, Pacific Ocean, scenery and wild animals" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 10, October 1912, pg. 485.
1913: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 3389- J. C. Banks, Foster, Ore. (Was Wren, Ore)" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 1, January, 1913, pg. 44
1913: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 3389- J. C. Banks, Wren, Ore. (Was Foster, Ore.)" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 6, June 1913, pg. 294.
1915: "International Photographic Association... List of Renewals... 4005- J. C. Banks, Sweet Home, Ore. Post Cards only, various papers, of mountain scenery, lakes, waterfalls, rivers, and ocean scenery. Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XXII, No. 2, February, 1915, pg. 84.


Bankus, W. R.
Chronology
Orient
Orient is located near Sandy, south-east of Gresham.
Photographer's Imprints
"W. R. Bankus, Orient Ore." blind stamp on card mount, 5 1/2 x 8 print of Salmon River Hatchery (OHS)
"W. R. Bankus, Orient, Oregon" rubber stamp on mount back, 5x7 view of Goger & Grove lumber mill.


Bannister, O. F.
Chronology
1910 Hood River
News Items and Advertisements
1910: (classified ad) "Studio Wanted. Will buy a studio in town of not less than 1,500 in well settled country. address O. F. Bannister, 906 Oak St., Hood River, Ore." Camera Craft, November 1910.


Barclay, C. Edwin
Corvallis Studio
Chronology
1907 Alsea
1911-1913 Corvallis
1915 Sheridan
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 114 Corvallis "Barclay, C Edwin, photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Barclay, C. E., Corvallis O"
1915 POW pg. 1492 photographers "Barclay, C. E., Sheridan O"
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Barclay, C. E.---Alsea, Ore..."
1911: "The Corvallis Studio, for Up-To-Date Work. C. Edwin Barclay, photographer, Corvallis, Oregon" The Orange, (Oregon Agricultural College Junior Class yearbook) press of Dunway Anderson 1911. pg. 395


Barker, Edward W.
Chronology
1909 Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD pg. 262 "Barker, Edward W, photog 551 Everett, rms same"
1910 PCD not listed


Barnard, Hugh F.
Chronology
1901 Bandon
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 131 Bandon "Barnard, Hugh F. photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Barnard, Bandon, Or."


Barenstecher, Mrs
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Barenstecher, Mrs. ..."


Barnett, Edward or Edwin E.
Barnett, Burritt A.
Barnett, Eli
Barnett & Sons
Salem Art Co.
Chronology
1893 Salem
Chronology
1893 OB pg. 45 Salem "Barnett & Sons (Eli, Edwin E and Burritt A Barnett) prop Salem Art Co, 299 Liberty"; "Barnett, Burritt A, Salem Art Co, bds Eli Barnett, Highland addition"; "Barnett, Edwin E, Salem Art Co, bds Eli Barnett"; "Barnett, Eli, Salem Art Co, res nw cor of Oak and Maple ave"; pg. 174 "Salem Art Co, Barnett & Sons props, 299 Liberty, photographers and crayon artists"
1893 Polk Salem pg. 107 "Salem Art Co Barnett & Sons mngrs, photographers, 299 Liberty" pg. 41 "Barnett & Sons, (Eli, Edwin E and Burritt A), mngrs Salem Art Co, 299 Liberty"; "Barnett, Burritt A (Barnett & Sons) bds w s Maple av 3 s Highland av."; "Barnett, Edwin E (Barnett & Sons) bds w s Maple av 3 s Highland av."; "Barnett, Eli (Barnett & Sons) bds w s Maple av 3 s Highland av."
Photographer's Imprints
"Edward E. Barnett, 29 Liberty St., Salem""Salem Art Co. 301 Liberty St., Salem, Or." cabinet card, printed front


Barney
Barney & Crist
Chronology
1872 Oakland
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Barney & Crist, 1872, Oakland"
News Items and Advertisements
Sawyer & S. W. Crane leased their gallery to Barney & Crist, advertisement in 1872 Umpqua Ensign (cited by Glenn Mason)


Barnum, J. T.
Barnum & Campbell
Chronology
1879 Portland
Directory Listings
1879 PD pg. 253 Photographers "Barnum & Campbell, Fifth near Yamhill", pg. 55 additional names supplement "Barnum & Campbell, portrait gallery, e s Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Barnum, J. T., (B & Campbell) res Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Campbell, J. (Barnum & C) res Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"
1882 GD pg. 120 "Campbell, John photographer, re s e cor Fifth and Columbia"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 52 (note: this work has identified the wrong persons)


Barrett, L. C.
Chronology
1910 Baker
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "International Photographic Association ... new members... 3638 L. C. Barrett, 229 Bridge St., Baker, Ore..." Camera Craft, December 1910, pg. 469


Barrows, Tina Hamblock
Chronology
Bandon?
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 140 Bandon "Barrows, S. D. bicycle repair"
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 119.


Bartels, Harry F.
Chronology
1907-1915 Portland
Miss Elizabeth M. Hacheney, who was a member of the Oregon Camera Club in 1900, was employed by H. F. Bartels as a stenographer in 1904.
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 192 "Bartels, H. F. Co (Inc), H F Bartels Pres, Resident Agents Aachen & Munich Fire Ins Co 443 Sherlock Bldg, Tel Clay 526"
1906 PCD pg. 190 "Bartels, Harry F, pres H F Bartels Co (Inc), bds 415 Mill"; "Bartels, H. F. Co (Inc), H F Bartels Pres, Resident Agents Aachen & Munich Fire Ins Co 443 Sherlock Bldg, Tel Clay 526"
1910 PCD pg. 162 "Bartels, Harry F., solr Dietz-Mueller Co. b 415 Mill"
1913 PCD pg. 178 "Bartels, Harry F, Fire Insurance 312 Fenton Bldg, h 420 Hall, Tel Marshall 1625"
1914 PCD pg. 261 "Bartels, H F & Co Harry F Bartels sec-mngr ins agts"; "Bartels, Harry F, Fire Insurance 315 Railway Exchange Bldg, Tel Marshall 5558, h 420 Hall, Tel Main 3499"
1915 PCD pg. 189 "Bartels, Harry F agt Com Photo Co h 420 Hall"; pg. 329 "Commercial Photo Co H F Bartels agt 310 McKay bldg"
1916 PCD not listed
1917 PCD not listed
1920 PCD pg. 160 "Bartels, Harry ins agt r 420 Hall"
1921 PCD pg. 131 "Bartels, Harry r 420 Hall"
Photographer's Imprints
"Rhododendron Tavern From Zig Zag Creek. Photo By Bartels, 1912" signed in negative on 16" x 20" print (OHS)
"No. 84, Elk Creek Road, Ore. Copyright 1907 by H. F. Bartels. Portland, Ore." captioned and signed in negative
"Copyright Harry Bartels, 1911 #911 Mr. Hood Ore" captioned and signed in negative


Bartels, Otis T.
Chronology
1913 Carlton
1913-1917 Lebanon
1926 Marshfield (now Coos Bay)
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Bartels, O. T., Lebanon O"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Bartels, O. T., Lebanon O"
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "International Photographic Association ... New Members ... 3675- Otis T. Bartels, Carlton, Ore. Class 2" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 7, July 1913, pg. 341.
1913: "International Photographic Association ... Changes of Address ... 3675- Otis T. Bartels, Lebanon, Ore. (Was Carlton, Ore)" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 9, September 1913, pg. 442.
1926: "International Photographic Association ... Renewals ... 3675 - Otis T. Bartels, R. F. D. 1, Marshfield, Ore. 2 1/4 x 3 1/4 to 5x7. Marine, Shore, River and Mountain Views and Genre ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XXXIII No. 5, May 1926, pg. 252.
1926: listed as contributor of 3 prints in monthly competition. Camera Craft, Vol. XXXIII No. 5, May 1926, pg. 236.


Basey, Charles E.
Chronology
1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 194, "Basey, Charles, cash N P Exp Co, res 721 Glisan"
1910 PCD pg. 164 "Basey, Charles E, Agent Northern Express Co, h 721 Glisan"
1915 PCD pg. 190 ""Basey, Charles E (Maude), Agent Northern Express Co, h 721 Glisan, Tel Main 9246"
1925 PCD not listed
Bibliography
First American Photographic Salon, (exhibition catalog, Portland; Portland Society of Photographic Art, 1905) pg. 2. listed as a member of the Portland Salon Committee.


Bassett, Frank T.
Bassett, John E.
Bassett & Whaite
Chronology
1911-1913 Salem
Directory Listings
1911 Salem pg. 50 "Bassett, Frank T. (Bassett & Whaite), rms 384 State", "Bassett, John E., photgr Bassett & Whaite, rms 384 State", "Bassett & Whaite (Frank T. Bassett, Rene Whaite) photgrs 384 State"
1913 POW pg.1951 photographers "Basset & Whaite, Salem, O"
1913 Salem pg. 46 "Bassett & Whaite, (Rene Whaite), photgrs 384 State"


Bates, Phillip
Chronology
Portland
Bates is of significance to us because he specialized in the sale of views and produced a body of work. He had a good sense of what to photograph. In terms of style he generally placed the camera too far away from the subject to get clear detail. It is unfortunate he did not process his prints better, as many reveal pox-like spotting and fading.
Artifacts
His boudoir size cards were imprinted with his name, in both horizontal and vertical versions. Many are gilt edged. A catalog of images appears on the back of some of these cards, advertising views for 50¢ or $5 a dozen. The address on the back of these cards is Lock Box 290, Portland, Or.
LIST OF BATES IMAGES
1 Portland from the park.
2 Ainsworth Block.
3 Bank of British Columbia.
4 Ainsworth Dock.
5 Rigging of British India.
6 Skidmore Fountain.
7 Hotel Portland.
8 O. N. G. Armory.
9 Deck of the Martha Fisher.
10 St. Helens from the Park.
11 First Locomotive in Oregon.
12 City of Carlisle in harbor.
13 Round House at Albina.
14 Car Shops at Albina.
15 Calvary Presbyterian Church.
16 St. Helens Hall.
17 Morrison St. Bridge.
18 Rustic Bridge, City Park.
19 Post Office and Custom House.
20 Hotel Portland.
21 Holton House.
22 View in City Park.
23 High School.
24 Portland Harbor.
25 Jewish Synagogue.
26 View from Marquam's Hill.
27 View of High School, No. 2.
28 Failing School.
29 Residence of Mrs. C. Fechheimer.
30 Portland from the Heights.
Vancouver, Wash.
31 Deaf and Dumb Institute.
32 Catholic Church.
33 Children's Home.
34 Holy Angels College and Band.
35 Officers Row.
36 Parade Grounds.
37 East End of Barracks.
38 Artillery and Ammunition.
39 Residence of Gen. Gibbon.
40 Barracks.
Columbia River Scenery
41 Old Government Barracks.
42 O. R. N. Portage Engine.
43 River below the Cascades.
44 Government Office.
45 Catching Salmon with dip nets.
46 Cascades from Gov. Works.
47 Old Block House.
48 View of the Locks.
49 Picture Rocks.
50 Cascades.
51 Fishing with Seine.
52 Whirlpool Rapids.
53 Government Works.
54 Above the Cascades.
55 Fishing Wheel on the Columbia.
56 The Divide, Cascade Range.
57 Indian Encampment.
58 Block House Hill.
Directory Listings
1887 - 1888 PCD not listed
1889 PCD pg.144 "Bates, Philip S receiving teller Ladd & Tilton, rms 168 11th"
1890 PCD pg. 140 "Bates, Philip S rec teller Ladd & Tilton, rms 168 11th"
1891 PCD pg.170 "Bates, Philip S, rec teller Ladd & Tilton, bds 168 11th"
1892 PCD not listed
1893 PCD pg. 225 "Bates, Philip S. solicitor Pickens, Fulton & Co, bds The Portland"
1894 PCD pg. 183 "Bates, Philip S (Gazzam & Bates), 246 Stark, b The Portland"; pg. 353 "Gazzam & Bates (W. L. Gazzam, Philip S. Bates), gen Insurance Agts 246 Stark"
1895 PCD pg. 160 "Bates, Philip S. Fire Ins 246 Stark, bds Portland Hotel"
1896 PCD pg. 157 "Bates, Philip S, ins 246 Stark"
1897 PCD pg. 156 "Bates, Paul. C., spcl agt Pennsylvania Fire Ins co 246 Stark, bds 55 E 10th"
1901 PCD not listed
1903 PCD pg. 178 "Bates, Philip S, pub Pacific Miner, 215 Oregonian bldg, res 149 10th"
1904 PCD pg. 195 "Bates, Philip S., Pub Pacific Miner, res 167 11th"
1905 PCD pg. 196 "Bates, Philip S, pub Pacific Northwest, res 167 11th"
1906 PCD pg. 192 "Bates, Philip S, pub The Pacific Northwest, bds 167 11th"
1907 PCD pg. 261 "Bates, Philip S., pub Pacific Northwest, res 1172 Clinton"
1909 PCD pg. 270 "Bates, Philip S, pub Pacific Northwest, res 1172 Clinton"
1910 PCD pg. 166 "Bates, Philip S, publr The Pacific Northwest h 1172 Clinton"
1911 PCD pg. 199 "Bates, Philip S publr The Pacific Northwest, res 1172 Clinton"
1915 PCD pg. 192 "Bates, Philip S (Frances H) publr The Pacific Northwest h 1172 Clinton"
1920 PCD pg. 163 "Bates, Phil S (Frances) office 315 Oregonian bldg h 1172 Clinton"
Mautz Oregon "Bates, Philip S., 1894, Portland"
News Items and Advertisements
1921: "DIPHTHERIA FATAL TO PHILIP S. BATES. CAREER OF PROMINENT PUBLISHER CLOSES SUDDENLY. RESIDENCE HERE IS LONG. Editor of Pacific Northwest began business in Portland with Ladd & Tilton Bank in 1887.
Philip S. Bates, widely known publisher and former secretary of the Oregon State Editorial Association, died yesterday at the Good Samaritan hospital from heart complications produced by an attack of diphtheria.
Mr. Bates complained of a severe sore throat early yesterday morning and called Dr. S. E. Joseph in to attend him. The physician immediately pronounced it diphtheria and sent him to the hospital. Mr. Bates failed rapidly late in the morning, and death came shortly before noon.
Mr. Bates was a native of Southhampton, Mass., where he was born in 1868. He came first to Portland in 1887, and entered the banking business with the Ladd and Tilton bank. He remained there until 1893, and then removed to California where he remained for a year.
CIVIC LIFE ACTIVE- Returning to Portland in 1893, Mr. Bates entered the insurance business, where he remained until 1896, when he sold his interests to his brother, Paul C. Bates. He then left Portland for the second time, going first to California, and thence to eastern cities where he remained for six years.
He returned again to Portland in 1902, and has since engaged in newspaper and publication work. He was for several years editor and publisher of the Pacific Northwest. For the past several years he had been associated with Colonel E. Hofer in publishing the Manufacturer’s News.
Mr. Bates for many years had been an active member in several of the civic organizations of the city, and had been active in the work of the Oregon State Editorial association..." Oregonian, 30 August 1921, pg. 7, col. 1.
1921: additional Philip Bates obituary Oregon Journal, 30 August 1921, pg. 2, col. 2.
1921: "Philip S. Bates. Through long years Philip S. Bates (widely and affectionately known as 'Phil') had a great idea. He worked at it assiduously, intelligently, unselfishly. He died at a time when most men still regard themselves as young, but reluctantly admit that they may be middle-aged. But he lived long enough to see his idea develop into a flourishing and useful reality.
The idea was to make virile and efficient the Oregon State Press Association. ... (2 paragraph description of organization)" Oregonian, 1 September 1921, pg. 8, col. 2.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 52.


Battee, Grace
Chronology
1910-1921 Portland
Directory Listings
1907-1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 166 "Battee, Grace, r 389 6th"
1911 - 1913 PCD not listed.
1915 PCD not listed
1916 PCD pg. 192 "Battee, Grace, photgr 181 11th, r same"
1920 PCD pg. 164 "Battee, Grayce (sic), retoucher R J Peterson r 588 E 7th"
1921 PCD pg. 134 "Battee, Grace, retoucher R J Peterson, r 427 Salmon"


Bauer, Charles A.
Chronology
1909 Portland
Directory Listings
1898 PCD pg. 158 "Bauer, C A, artist 24 McKay bldg, rms same"
1899 EO & P not listed
1899 PCD pg. 159 "Bauer, C A, artist 24 McKay bldg, rms same"
1900 PCD pg. 164 "Bauer, Charles A, artist 24 McKay Bldg, rms same"
1901 PCD pg. 136 "Bauer, Charles A, artist 23 McKay bldg, res same"
1902 PCD not listed
1903 PCD pg. 179 "Bauer, Charles A, artist, 43 1/2 2d, rms same"
1904 PCD pg. 196 "Bauer, Charles A, artist 43 1/2 2d, rms same"
1905 PCD pg. 197 "Bauer, Charles A, artist, 43 1/2 2d, rms same"
1906 PCD pg. 193 "Bauer, Charles A., artist, 43 1/2 2d, rms same"
1907 PCD not listed
1909 PCD pg. 271 "Bauer, Charles A, artist 211 1/2 4th, bds 742 Belmont", pg. 1645 classified business directory Photographers "Bauer C A, 211 1/2 4th"
1910 Or. not listed
1910 PCD pg. 166 "Bauer, Chas A., artist 138 1/2 Russell h 882 Missouri av"
1911 PCD pg. 200 "Bauer, Chas A artist h 882 Missouri av"
1912 PCD pg. 292 "Bauer, Chas A artist 185 1/2 Morrison h 882 Missouri av"
1913 PCD pg. 182 "Bauer, Chas A artist h 882 Missouri av"
1914 PCD not listed
1915 PCD not listed


Beall, Robert Vinton (1878-1961)
Chronology
ca. 1925 Central Point
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 137. Beall studied at the Illinois Institute of Photography. His work is housed in the Southern Oregon Historical Society, and consists of portraits, views, buildings, street scenes of Medford and Central Point, 1000 items plus negatives.


Becker, Charles F.
Chronology
1914 LaGrande
News Items
1914: "International Photographic Association... New Members... 3876- Charles F. Becker, 1221 W. Avenue, LaGrande, Ore. 2 1/4 x 3 1/4, 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, and post cards, developing paper, of mountain and river scenes, and general outdoor work...Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. , No. 5, May 1914, pg. 252.


Becker, J. L.
Chronology
1884 Joseph
News Items
1884: "Now is your time to secure excellent photographs. L. S. Hazeltine, the accomplished photographer of Yosemite Valley, has fitted up Becker's gallery and will remain in Joseph a short time. His pictures can not be surpassed for accuracy and excelency of finish on this coast. Call and examine for yourselves" Wallowa Chieftain, (Enterprise) 20 Noveber 1884. pg. 4, col. 2.
1884: "All persons indebted to me on book account are requested to call and settle the same forthwith or the accounts will be placed in the hands of an attorney for collection. J. L. Becker." Wallowa Chieftain, 20 Noveber 1884. pg. 4, col. 2.


Beebe, Walter B.
Chronology
1898-1902 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 140 "Beebe, Walter B., sec The C F Beebe Co, bds Carter n w cor 20th"
1903 PCD pg. 183 "Beebe, Walter B., sec The C F Beebe Co, bds Carter n w cor 20th"
1905 PCD pg. 204 "Beebe, Walter B., sec The C F Beebe Co, bds Carter n w cor 20th"
1906 PCD pg. 200 "Beebe, Walter B, sec The Charles F Beebe Co, bds Carter n w cor 20th"
1910 PCD pg. 173 "Beebe, Walter B pres Northwest Steel Co vice-pres Northwest Bridge Wks b 712 Kings ct"
1915 PCD pg. 200 "Beebe, Walter B vice-pres Northwest Steel Co r 712 Kings ct"
1925 PCD pg. 289 "Beebe, Walter B (May C) vice-pres NW Steel Co h 753 Glenn av N"
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club "Mr. W. B. Beebe's 'By The Surf,' are cleverly done, the high light on the tide-ripples in the last named being specially good.", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
1902: "BEEBE, W. B., Portland, Or. The three sepia prints by this contributor possess ordinary interest, the portrait entitled 'The Morning Paper' being the best of the three." Camera Craft, Vol. IV, No. 3, January 1902. pg. 121.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Beebe,W. B. ..."


Beede, Charles V.
Chronology
1904 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 173 "Beede, Charles, V agt b G S Beede" (Beede, Geo S h Marie sw cor Baltimore)
1903 PCD not listed
1904 PCD pg. 201 "Beede, Charles, photog, rms Witch Hazel Bldg" (also George, same address)
1905 PCD pg. 204 "Beede, Charles, slsmn Boyd Tea Co., rms 266 1/2 Front"
1906 PCD pg. 200 "Beede, Charles V, slsmn Boyd Tea, Coffee & Spice Co, rms 228 11th"
1915 PCD pg. 200 "Beede, Chas V (Anna) salsn Col Harbor Land Co h 7620 63d av SE" (Beede, George S, salsn r 7620 63d av SE"
1925 PCD pg. 288 "Beede, Chas (Anna) real est h 7620 63d av SE"
1930 PCD pg. 228 "Beede, Chas V (Anna B) ofc 283 Stark R 301 v-pres Adler Chemical Co h 7620 63d av SE"
1936 PCD pg. 153 "Beede, Chas V (Anna B) slsmn h 6307 SE 77th av"


Beers, G. W.
Beers & Cupp
Chronology
1868 Forest Grove
News Items and Advertisements
1868: "G. M. Cupp. G. W. Beers. BEERS & CUPP, PHOTOGRAPH ARTISTS, FOREST GROVE, OREGON. Here is the place and now is the time to get better PICTURES and at lower rates than ever before offered in Washington County. 'A word to the wise,' &c. (sic) Satisfaction guaranteed. Give us a Trial." Forest Grove Monthly, Vol. 1, No. 3, August 1868.


Bell, Frank H.
Chronology
1909-1910 St. Johns
Directory Listings
1909 PCD pg. 1468 St. Johns "Bell, Frank H. (McDermid & Bell) r 103 W Burlington"; pg. 1480 McDermid & Bell (Albert E McDermid, Frank H. Bell) photgrs 1 Holbrook blk"
1910 PCD pg. 1224 St. Johns "Bell, Frank H. (McDermid & Bell) r 22 Holbrook Block", pg. 1235 McDermid & Bell (A. E. McDermid, F. H. Bell) photgrs 22 Holbrook blk"


Bell, Thomas Charles
Bell & Co
Chronology
1901-1907 Astoria
1911-1913 Lebanon
1915 Junction City
1917 Toledo
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 115 "Bell & Co (Thomas C Bell, Henry Wedekind) photographers 528 Commercial"
1903 POW pg. 118 Astoria "Bell & Co. (Thomas C. Bell, Henry Wedekind) photographers 583 Commercial"
1903 Polk Astoria City Directory pg. 41 "Bell, T Charles, photog 583 Commercial, rms 660 same"
1905 POW pg. 122 Astoria "Bell, T Charles, photographer, 583 Commercial"
1907 POW pg. 124 Astoria "Bell, T Charles, photographer, 583 Commercial"
1911 POW pg. 207 Lebanon "Bell, Thos C, photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Bell, T. C., Lebanon O"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Bell, T. C., Junction City O"
1917 POW pg. 1536 photographers "Bell, T. C., Toledo O"
Mautz Oregon "Bell & Co, 1895, Astoria"
Photographer's Imprints
"Bell & Co. Astoria, Or." cabinet card, imprint on front
"Bell" signed in negative, real photo post card, view of Pacific.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Bell, T. C.---Astoria, Ore..."


Bellay, Francis
Chronology
1866 San Francisco CA
1866 Portland
Francis Bellay appears to have been employed by Hendee; notice of Bellay's move to Portland from San Francisco appear two days before Hendee's advertisement that he has a new operator from San Francisco. Several months later, Hendee moved his studio into Bellay's former rooms.
Bellay possibly selected this studio address because it was over Shanahan & Dufrene, the largest art store in the city at the time.
News Items and Advertisements.
1866: "SOMETHING NEW AND NOVEL- A PATENT APPLIED FOR- Mr. Hendee has invented an article by which he can take any number of Head Pictures on the same plate without the subject getting up from the chair; can get different positions of the face and all sizes of heads, can put a half dozen heads on the space of a half dollar: can put a whole family of heads on the space of a common size card, and will sell pictures cheaper than any other Gallery on this coast. Has the process for taking the new and beautiful style picture called the Porcelain or Sun Pearl, so much talked of in San Francisco, also has engaged a man from that place who has been making those pictures in San Francisco. Mr. H. is now prepared to do as good work and in as great variety of style as any Gallery in Portland. Orders for full portrait size of photographs will be promptly attended to." Oregonian, 16 April 1866 (first insertion) (prime suspect is Francis Bellay)
1866: "RE-TOUCHING- Mr. Francis Bellay, late of San Francisco, and one of the most eminent artists on the coast, has opened rooms over the establishment of Messrs. Shanahan & Dufrene, for the purpose of re-touching photographs, etc. Having seen some of the work executed by Mr. Bellay, we can consistently endorse all that our contemporaries of the Bay City have said regarding his merit. Persons desiring of seeing for themselves can do so by applying at his rooms. There is a want in Portland of Just such an artist as we find in Mr. Bellay, and it is to be hoped he may receive encouragement to warrant his remaining with us, see card, in appropriate column this morning." Oregonian, 18 April 1866 pg. 3, col. 1
1866: "FRANCIS BELLAY, ARTIST! Photographs retouched in Oil, Water Colors, India Ink, and Pastell, in the Best Style of the Art. All Pictures guaranteed to suit the most fastidious or no charge made. STUDIO- over Shanahan & Dufrene's Picture Store, corner of First and Morrison Sts., opposite the Western Hotel, Portland, Oregon." Oregonian, 18 April 1866 (first insertion)


Bennett, Columbus
Chronology
Wolf Creek
Photographer's Imprints
"Columbus Bennett, Wolf Creek Oregon" 4" x 5" albluminum print on mount, rubber stamp imprint. view shows placier mining.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: appears to have been active in California. Railroad photo taken ca. 1885 by C. N. Bennett.


Bennett, E. D.
Pope & Bennett
Chronology
1897?-1902? Hillsboro
Photographer's Imprints
"Pope & Bennett, Hillsboro, Or." ms signature on mount, school band view, trimmed 8x10 print on mount (WCM #LP72-151/148-16)
"E. D. Bennett, Hillsboro, Ore." cabinet card, ms date 1897, printed front (WCM #LP72-214/211-21)


Bennett, Milton H.
Chronology
1889 Kent
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 262 Kent "M. H. Bennett, postmaster and farmer"
1889 POWI pg. 281 Kent "Bennett, M. H. photographer and postmaster"
1911 POW pg. 192 Kent "Bennett, W. H. postmaster, confr, staty"


Bennett, N. S.
Chronology
Medford
Listed as a stereographer by Darrah.
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 239 Medford "Bennett, Noah S., nurserymnan"
1917 POW pg. 212 Medford "Bennett, N. S., nurserymnan"
Mautz Oregon "Bennett, N. S. 1880, Medford"
News Items and Advertisements
1960: "Sold - The house sold above has been sold to the American Steel Company, according to owners Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Henselman, 937 North Central Ave. They pointed out that Mrs. Hensleman's father, N. S. Bennett came to the Rogue River Valley in 1890 and in 1902 started the Eden Valley nursery and purchased the house from a party by the name of Allen in 1908. Bennett helped landscape the post office, Elks club, and the Sacred Heart hospital grounds..." (clipping from unidentified Medford newspaper, files of Southern Oregon Historical Society), 3 July 1960


Benning, Harry
Chronology
1903 Portland
Directory Listings
1903 PCD pg. 188 "Benning, Harry, photog 606 Williams av, res same"
1904 PCD not listed
1906 PCD not listed


Benson, John R.
Chronology
1891 Myrtle Point
Directory Listings
1891 POWI Myrtle Point pg. 376 "Benson, J. R. photographer", "Benson, Miss M. A., music teacher"
1905 POW pg. 308 Myrtle Point "Benson, John R propr Myrtle Point Bank"


Benz, Charles A.
Chronology
1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 207 "Benz, Chas A clk M&F Co r 441 11th"
1925 PCD not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1917: "OREGON CAMERA CLUB ELECTS YOUNGER MEN TO STIR UP MORE 'PEP'. The annual election of the Oregon Camera club Tuesday night resulted as follows: ...Charles A Benz, directors..." Oregon Journal, 10 January 1917, pg. 2.


Berger, Henry Jr. (1877-1939)
Berger's Barn Studio
Berger-Putnam Studio
Chronology
1900-1938 Portland
A prominent art photographer from ca. 1900-1915, who operated a prestigious portrait studio from 1918-1940. He won many awards in international exhibitions and salons.
His father owned a well established wall paper and painting business. Henry, Jr. worked at the family business and at the same time was an avid amateur photographer.
His print "An Oregon Wild Duck Lake" was selected as one of the 400 best prints in an international exhibition around 1903. In 1905 he won the silver cup (first prize for landscape) in the Oregon Camera Club exhibit at the Art Museum for "A Woodland Path". He exhibited frequently in Germany, and won medals at Budapest in 1910, and Dresden in 1911. Around 1912 he married, left the family business to his brother Ben, and set up his own portrait studio. In 1915 he won one of the two gold medals awarded by the jury at the international photographic exhibit at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, for a print titled "The City" (the gold medal was first place in landscape, and third prize in all categories).
After this exhibition, he moved to New York to work in color photography. He returned to Portland around 1918 and opened his studio.
He was a leading member of the Oregon Camera Club, being president in 1913.
The clients of the portrait business included an unusually high number of artists, dancers, actors, authors, musicians, sculptors, and also socially prominent individuals including Mayor Baker, and numerous wealthy persons.
He remained enthusiastic about his photography until illness forced his retirement. Berger died 9 September 1939 in Portland.
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 208 "Berger, Henry J Jr, slsmn Henry Berger, bds 304 Wheeler", pg.208 "Berger, Henry J. Wholesale and Retail Wall Paper 130 1st, res 304 Wheeler"
1906 PCD pg. 207 "Berger, Henry Jr, vice pres Henry Berger Co, bds 304 Wheeler.", "Berger, Henry Co Inc, Henry Berger Pres, Henry Berger Jr Vice Pres..."
1910 PCD pg. 182 "Berger, Henry Jr, pres Berger Bros, h 314 Wheeler", pg. 182 "Berger, Henry Co. Inc, Henry Berger Pres, house painters and decorators, 128 1st, Tel Main 5389, A 4277", pg. 181 "Berger, Henry pres Henry Berger Co. Inc, h 304 Wheeler", pg. 181"Berger, Ben F, sec treas Berger Bros h 436 E 17th N"
1913 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club ...president Henry Berger Jr.;..."
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Berger, Henry " also listed on pg. 148.
1915 PCD pg. 208 "Berger, Henry Jr (Grace V) pres Berger Bros h 850 Wasco", pg. 208 "Berger Bros, Henry Berger Jr pres, Benj F Berger sec-treas, wall paper, house painters, and decorators 186 Broadway S, Tel Main 5389, A 4277", pg.208 "Berger, Benj F (Inga) sec-treas Berger Bros., h 436 E 17th N"
1917 PCD pg. 162 "Berger, Henry Jr (Grace V) pres Berger Bros h 850 Wasco"; "Berger Bros, Henry Berger Jr. pres, Benj F Berger sec-treas, wall paper, house painters, and decorators 1108-10th Pittock Blk, Tel Broadway 500"
1920 PCD pg. 184 "Berger, Henry Jr (Grace) pres Berger Bros, photog 108 10th h 850 Wasco"; "Berger Bros, Henry Berger Jr. pres, Benj F Berger sec-treas, wall paper, house painters, and decorators 1108-10th Pittock Blk, Tel Broadway 500"
1925 PCD pg. 300 "Berger, Henry Jr (Grace) photog 205, 408 Wash. h Hillsdale Port RD 6"
1948 Portland Telephone Directory pg. 293 "Berger-Putnam Studio, Formerly Henry Berger Studio, Established 1918, Portraits of Distinction, 715 SW Salmon, BE-0640"Portland: 205 Blue Mouse Theater Bldg (408 Washington) probably after 1920
Photographer's Imprints
"Berger Studio, 205 Blue Mouse Theater Bldg. Portland Oregon." printed folder.
Interesting Artifacts
Some of Berger's best prints, including the originals of "The City" and "Verloren" mentioned below, are in the Portland Art Museum. Many of Berger's original negatives are now with the author of this book. Most of his work was in 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 or double 5x7.
News Items and Advertisements
1905: "The exhibition which was made in the lower galleries of the Art Museum during the past week...<print described, text partially illegible on microfilm, Print is by Henry Berger Jr, a marine view> ... <also described:> Among the marines are... 'In Portland Harbor' by Henry Berger Jr... Among the most beautiful landscapes are... 'A Woodland Path' by Henry Berger Jr..." Von Rydingsvard, Anna; "The Oregon Camera Club's Best Exhibit", Oregonian 3 December 1905, pg. 40, 41.
1905: (report on second American Salon, list of prints. The number refers to how many prints by the photographer were hung at the show.) "3 - Berger, Hy Jr." Camera Craft, Vol. XI, No. 6, December 1905, pg. 279.
1909: "OREGON CAMERA CLUB ELECTIONS... annual election January 12th... result was as follows: ... Board of Directors, ...Henry Berger, Jr..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 3, March 1909, pg. 117.
1909: "Another Achievement added to the Oregon Camera Club's annualy more gratifying successes was its exhibition held in Steinway Hall, Portland, March twenty-second to twenty-seventh. The following comment on the pictures is abridged from the many full notices given by the 'Portland Oregonian' and other papers. ...
The second prize portrait was given to Henry Berger, Jr., for his beautifully executed print, 'The Picture Hat.' This conception depicted a lady's head, crowned with a handsome picture hat and holding her muff. As an artistic creation it carried out Ruskin's idea to the letter...
...A regrettable fact is that the study, 'Dawn,' by Henry Berger, J., was a little patchy. 'Into the Mists,' by the same artist, is an exceptionally artistic panel, showing a harbor scene and two ships with long masts. ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 5, May 1909, pg.167-171. includes illustration of "A Picture Hat. By Henry Berger Jr. Second Prize Portrait." on pg. 168.
1910: "Oregon Camera Club. On January eleventh, the Oregon Camera Club held its annual election ... The officers elected for the ensuing year ... Board of Directors, H. Berger, Jr. ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 2, February 1910, pg. 85, col. 1.
1910: (classified ads) "One 5x7 Auto Graflex camera, with out lens, six Graflex plate holders, leather case especially constructed to carry camera and plate holders. Used less than a year, guaranteed to be good as new. Price $55.00. Address Henry Berger Jr., 128 First St., Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 5, May 1910.
1910: "Exhibition Committee ... Henry Berger Jr. ... " Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 1.
1910: Catalogue of print exhibition, Henry Berger Jr. has 11 print entries. " 8 - Asleep in the Deep; 9 - Still Life; 10 - Winter Moonlight; 11 - The Open Road; 12 - Morning Light; 13 - Marine Study; 14 - Smiles; 15 - Still Waters (pinhole); 16 - The Little Mother; 17 - Portrait Miss S.; 18 - Portrait Mrs. G." Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 5.
1914: (classified ads) "PREMOETTE JR. Special Zeiss Kodak lens, Compound shutter, 2 1/2 x 4 1/4; listed $45.00; will sell for $25.00; absolutely new; write Henry Berger Jr., 186 Broadway, Portland, Ore.", "FOR SALE Practically new 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 Empire State view camera, Goerz Dagor 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 series, 4 lens, Sector shutter, 6 plate holders, and 2 fine cases for plates and camera; cost $141.00; sell for $70.00; sent subject to examination. H. Berger, Jr., 186 Broadway, Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, February - March 1914.
1915: "Word was received in Portland yesterday that a photograph entitled "The City' taken by Henry Berger, Jr., of Portland has been awarded one of the two gold medals by the jury of awards at the international photographic exhibit held in conjunction with the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco
The honor was won by Mr. Berger in the face of competition of nearly 1000 artists who represent the highest in pictorial work in England, France, Germany, Holland, Austria, and the United States. Mr. Berger's picture shows an interesting scene along the waterfront in Seattle. It was taken while Mr. and Mrs. Berger were leaving there by boat several years ago during their honeymoon.
In the entire exhibit only two artists won greater distinction than Mr. Berger. The grand Prix for a collective exhibit went to Annie W. Brigman, while "Mother and Child" by Blanca Conti was given the medal of honor. Mr. Berger's picture was given first rank among all landscape studies and third place in the general display.
Mr. Berger also has medals won at international photographic exhibits held at Budapest in 1910 and at Dresden in 1911. His work is known to Portland principally through his remarkable collection of natural-color photographs depicting the Columbia River Highway and other Oregon Scenery." Oregonian 19 October 1915, sec. 2, pg. 16, with illus.
1923: "PRIZE IS GIVEN BERGER, Portland Photographer is Winner of Awards. Portraits of Man and Child are Held Best at Northwest Association Meeting. Henry Berger, Jr., Portland photographer, won first prize in the men's portraiture and the child's portraiture classes in the photograph exhibit held in connection with the annual convention of the Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest at Victoria, B. C., August 29.
... Mr. Berger's photographs which won prizes were: In the men's class, a picture of C. E. S. Wood, and in the children's class, a picture of Miss Loiuse Smith..." Oregonian, 9 September 1923 sec. 1 pg. 14, col. 2., two illustrations.
1923: Berger wins first prize in Childrens Portrait class, Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Victoria BC convention. illustrated. Camera Craft, 1923.
1926: (classified ad - outfits for sale) "New Graf Variable, perfect condition, mounted in bbl. 16 inch. Listed $264, will sell for $150. Send C. O. D. subject to examination. Berger Studio, Blue Mouse Bldg, Portland, Oregon". Camera Craft, May 1926.
1939: "Berger Funeral Rites Held Here. Funeral services were held here Monday for Henry J. Berger, Jr., widely known Portland photographer, who died Saturday. Mr. Berger was born in San Francisco January 3, 1877. He came to Portland as a baby and had lived here except for a few years spent in New York, where he pioneered in color photography. Mr. Berger's work won him many honors, including a bronze award at the world's international photographic salon in Dresden and a silver award in Budapest.
Mr. Berger was a member of many photographic organizations and a life member of the Portland Art museum. He leaves his wife, Grace; two sons, David in Philadelphia, and Kalkner of Portland; a daughter Grace Berger Cohagen, Mount Clair, N. J., and a brother, Ben Berger, Portland." Oregon Journal, 12 December 1939 pg. 6, col. 2.
1939: "HENRY J. BERGER, JR. Funeral services for Henry J. Berger Jr., 62, Portland photographer of the Henry Berger studio, who died December 9, from a paralytic stroke after a long illness, were held at the Portland Crematorium Monday. The rites were in charge of L. L. Bruning Mission Mortuary. Born in San Francisco, January 3, 1877. Mr. Berger came to Portland as a baby and spent all of his life here, except a few years when he pioneered color photography in New York. He returned to the Rose City about 1918.
Mr. Berger won many photographic honors abroad and in the United States. Included in the list of of awards his work received are bronze award at the world's international photographic salon in Dresden, and a similar honor in Budapest.
He was a life member of the Portland Art Museum and held membership in many photographic organizations.
Survivors include the widow, Grace; a daughter, Grace Berger Cohagen of Mount Clair, N. J.; two sons, David of Philadelphia and Faulkner of Portland, and a brother, Ben Berger, also of Portland." Oregonian, 12 December 1939 pg. 6, col. 6.
Bibliography
Photograms Of The Year 1904, (annual periodical) London; Dawbarn & Ward, pg. 171 "In the metropolis of the State, Portland, the list of pictoral workers...Henry Berger, jun..."
First American Photographic Salon, (exhibition catalog, Portland; Portland Society of Photographic Art, 1905) pg. 2. listed as a member of the Portland Salon Committee.
F. Matthies-Masuren, Die Photographische Kunst Im Jahre 1909 (Halle; Wilhelm Knapp 1909) (German photography exhibition catalog) unpaginated plate, photograph titled "Verloren" (this book is item #10864 in Heidtmann, Frank: Bibliographie der Photographie Deutschspranchige Publikationen der Jahre 1839-1964. Munchen; K. G. Saur 1989)
Weston, Edward, The Daybooks of Edward Weston, Millertown, NY; Aperture. Vol. 2 pg. 137. Weston had submitted prints to the 1929 International Salon in Portland. Berger was one of the judges. The judges comments were forwarded to Weston. Weston describes the negative remarks made by the other judges, and then says "One, H. Berger, Jr., voted yes on all my prints, commenting, 'A pleasure to pass on these five outstanding prints of the exhibition"
Berger, Henry, Jr., "The Pacific International Salon", Camera Craft, December 1929, pg. 555-558. discussion of the salon and mechanics of entering prints. Berger was a judge. includes portrait of Berger.


Bergin, Mabel E.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 182 "Bergin, Mabel E. finisher H A Hale b 294 E Morrison"


Bernstein, Alex., Jr.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By A. Bernstein, Jr., view of Oneonta gorge...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Bernstein, Alex., Jr..."


Berthold, Charles
Rose City Studio
Prosch & Berthold
Chronology
1907-1914 Portland
This address is the former location of Browning Photo Studio.
The term Rose City started coming into vogue around 1904, with one business entry in the city directory; by 1910 there were 26. Note there are two other Rose Studios.
Employee Listings
Karten, Stella M., Miss, retoucher 1909-1910
Directory Listings
1904 PCD not listed
1905 PCD pg. 214 "Berthold, Charles, draftsman, bds 626 E Alder"
1906 PCD pg. 210 "Berthold, Charles, cement wkr, res 900 E Salmon"
1907 PCD pg. 281 "Berthold, Charles, photog Woodard, Clarke & Co, res 884 E Main"
1909 PCD pg. 292 "Berthold, Charles, Prop Rose City Studio, Tel Main 9128, res 884 E Main"; "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold, photographers 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1909 POW pg. 407 "Prosch & Brethold (sic) (Charles F Prosch, Charles A Brethold), photgrs 167 1/2 1st "
1910 Or. pg. 161 Portland Photographers "Rose City Studio, 167 1/2 First St."
1910 PCD pg. 184 "Berthold, Charles, propr Rose City Studio 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128, h 884 E Main, Tel Tabor 312", pg. 961 "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold (sic) Propr, 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1911 PCD pg. 225 "Berthold, Charles, Propr Rose City Studio 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128, h 5007 32d Av S E"; pg. 1238 "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold, photographers 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1912 PCD pg. 227 "Berthold, Charles, Propr Rose City Studio h 5007 32d Av S E"; pg. 1277 "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold, Propr 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1913 PCD pg. 203 "Berthold, Charles, Propr Rose City Studio h r 167 1/2 1st"; pg. 1045 "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold, Propr 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1914 PCD pg. 288 "Berthold, Charles, Propr Rose City Studio h r 167 1/2 1st Tel Main 9128"; pg. 1224 "Rose City Studio, Charles Berthold, Propr 167 1/2 1st, Tel Main 9128"
1914 PCBD Photographers not listed
1915 PCD pg. 211 "Berthold, Chas (Annie) h 531 Kerby"
1916 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Rose City Studio, Chas. Berthold. Prop. 167 1/2 First St., Portland Ore." blind stamp on portrait mount.


Betancue
Betancue & Button
Flying Studio
Chronology
Astoria
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Betancue & Button, 'Flying Studio', 1880, Astoria", "Flying Studio, 1880, Astoria"
Bibliography
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, Portland; Oregon Historical Society Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 44.
Andrews, Ralph W., Picture Gallery Pioneers, New York; Bonanza 1964, pg. 189.


Bethke, L. A., Miss
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members... Bethke, Miss L. A. ..."


Beyers, J. P.
Chronology
Coquille
Photographer's Imprints
"J. P. Beyers, Coquille City, Oregon"
"J. P. Beyers, Portrait and Landscape Photographer"


Bicknell, Wilfred
Bicknell, Pearl, Mrs.
Centennial Art Studio
Chronology
1906-1916 Portland
Employee Listings
Kearney, Louis A., photographer 1910-1912
Directory Listings
1906 PCD pg. 212 "Bicknell, Wilfred, photog 203 1/2 1st, res 333 Clay"
1907 PCD pg. 284 "Bicknell, Wilfred, photog 203 1/2 1st, res 200 14th"; pg. 371 "Centennial Art Studio, 203 1/2 1st"
1909 PCD pg. 294 "Bicknell, Wilfred, photog 214 Merchants Trust bldg and 203 1/2 1st, rms 335 Clay"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Bichnell (sic), W., 210 Merchants Trust Bldg", pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Centennial Art Studio 203 1/2 First St, Cor Taylor"
1910 PCD pg. 186 "Bicknell, Wilfred photgr, 203 1/2 1st and 214 Merchants Trust Bldg, r 335 Clay"
1911 PCD pg. 228 "Bicknell, Wilfred photgr 210 Merchants Trust Bldg, h 335 Clay"
1912 PCD pg. 230 "Bicknell, Wilfred photgr 210 Merchants Trust Bldg r 335 Clay"
1913 PCD pg. 205 "Bicknell, Wilfred photgr 210 Merchants Trust Bldg r 333 Clay"
1914 PCD pg. 291 "Bicknell, Wilfred (Pearl) photgr 210 Merchants Trust Bldg h 333 Clay"
1914 PCBD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 214 "Bicknell, Wilfred photgr 510 Merchants Trust bldg r same"
1916 PCD pg. 214 "Bicknell, Wilfred (Sarah) photgr h 12-489 Clay"
1917 - 1918 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Centennial Art Studio, 203 1/2 1st St. Portland, Ore." Blind stamp ms date Sept. 19, 1907
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Centennial Art Studio, 203 1/2 1st St.---Portland, Ore..."


Biglow, J.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Biglow, J. ..."


Birdsall, Thornton
Pacific Photo Co. Inc.
Chronology
1903-1918 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 PCD pg. 183 "Birdsall, Thornton, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, res E P" (not in East Portland directory)
1892 PCD pg. 258 "Birdsall, Thornton, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, r 470 E Washington"
1893 PCD pg. 244 "Birdsall, Thornton D, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 29 E 16th"
1894 PCD pg. 297 "Birdsall, Thornton D, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 21 E 12th N"
1895 PCD pg. 172 "Birdsall, Thornton D, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 21 E 12th N"
1896 PCD pg. 108 "Birdsall, Thornton D, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 21 E 12th N"
1897 PCD pg. 167 "Birdsall, Thornton, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 174 13th"
1898 PCD pg. 167 "Birdsall, Thornton, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 261 13th"
1899 PCD pg. 172 "Birdsall, Thornton, clk Canning, Wallace & Co, bds 261 13th"
1900 PCD pg. 178 "Birdsall, Thornton, shpg clk Canning Wallace & Co, b 707 Glisan"
1901 PCD pg. 151 "Birdsall, Thornton, shpg clk Canning Wallace & Co, bds 707 Glisan"
1902 PCD pg. 193 "Birdsall, Thornton (Birdsall Brothers) bds 707 Glisan"; "Birdsall Brothers (Robert H and Thornton) agts Viscol Co 65 Front"
1903 PCD pg. 194 "Birdsall, Thornton, photog bds 703 Northrup"
1904 PCD pg. 214 "Birdsall, Thornton photog 203 Vine, bds 703 Northrup"
1905 PCD pg. 218 "Birdsall, Thornton, Commercial Photographer, 203 Vine, bds 703 Northrup" plus ad quoted below
1906 PCD pg. 215 "Birdsall, Thornton, Commercial Photographer 203 Vine, bds 703 Northrup" plus display ad.
1907 PCD pg. 287 "Birdsall, Thornton, pres Pacific Photo Co, bds 410 1/2 Morrison"; pg. 999 "Pacific Photo Co (INC), Thornton Birdsall Pres, Lynds W Jones, Sec, Fred H McClure Treas, Commercial and Advertising Photographers 203 Vine"
1909 PCD pg. 298 "Birdsall, Thornton, pres Pacific Photo C, rms 410 1/2 Morrison"; pg. 1064 "Pacific Photo Co (INC), Thornton Birdsall Pres, Lynds W Jones, Sec, Fred H McClure Treas, Commercial and Advertising Photographers 203 Vine"
1910 Or. pg. 161 Portland "Pacific Photo Co. 203 Vine St."
1910 PCD pg. 189 "Birdsall, Thornton pres Pacific Photo Co. Inc. r 410 1/2 Morrison" pg. 862 "Pacific Photo Co Inc. Thornton Birdsall Pres, Fred H. McClure sec-treas, Commercial and Advertising Photographers, 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A2950" +Display Ad
1911 PCD pg. 231 "Birdsall, Thornton, pres Pacific Photo C, rms 410 1/2 Morrison"; pg. 1109 "Pacific Photo Co (INC), Thornton Birdsall Pres, Fred H McClure Sec-Treas, Commercial and Advertising Photographers 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A 2239"
1912 PCD pg. 234 "Birdsall, T. pres Pacific Photo Co, Inc, r 410 1/2 Morrison"; pg. 1147 "Pacific Photo Co Inc, Thornton Birdsall Pres, John V. Reid Sec-Treas, Commercial and Advertising photographers 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A 2239"
1913 PCD pg. 298 "Birdsall, T. pres Pacific Photo Co.Inc, r 410 1/2 Morrison"; pg. 939 "Pacific Photo Co Inc, Thornton Birdsall Pres, John V. Reid Sec-Treas, Commercial and Advertising photographers 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A 2239"
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Birdsall, T."
1914 PCD pg. 295 "Birdsall, T. Commercial and Advertising Photographer 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A2239, r 410 1/2 Morrison" +display ad
1914 PCBD Photographers "Birdsall, T. 203 Vine Main 9069"
1915 PCD pg. 216"Birdsall, T. Commercial and Advertising Photographer, 203 Vine, Tel Main 9069, A2239, r 264 1/2 4th" +Display Ad
1916 PCD pg. 217 "Birdsall, T, Commercial and Advertising photographer, 203 Vine, Tel Broadway 2228, A2239, r 264 1/2 4th" plus ad.
1917 PCD pg. 170 "Birdsall, T, Commercial and Advertising photographer, 203 Vine, Tel Broadway 2228, A2239, r 264 1/2 4th" plus ad.
1917 PJD pg.76 Photographers "Birdsall, T., 203 Vine St, Broadway 2228, A-2239, Commercial"
1918 PCD pg. 179 "Birdsall, T coml photogr 203 Vine r 264 1/2 4th"
1920 PCD pg. 195 "Birdsall, Thornton, mach h 110-22 1/2 20th"
1921, 1925 PCD Not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Pacific Photo Co." blind stamp on mount of 8 x 10" print, night view of Galleria
Special Papers
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript, pay to "Birdsall $3.35 Sundries" noted 11 November 1901.
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript, pay to "T. Birdsall. Exp on slides. $1.30" noted 11 February 1902.
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript pg. 55, pay to "Birdsall. Sep on Slides returned $3.50" noted 9 December 1902.
News Items and Advertisements
1905: "Photographs made for Advertising Purposes, Catalogue and Halftone Work, Landscapes, Buildings, Residences and Interiors Photographed. T. Birdsall, Commercial and Advertising Photographer. Telephone Red 3026, 203 Vine Street, Portland, Oregon" Portland City Directory 1905, Portland; Polk 1905, pg. 1277.
1906: "Photographs made for advertising purposes. CATALOGUE AND HALFTONE WORK. Landscapes, Buildings, Residences, and Interiors Photographed. T. BIRDSALL. COMMERCIAL AND ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHER. Telephone Red 3062. 203 Vine Street PORTLAND, OREGON." Portland City Directory 1906, No. 44. Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1906. pg. 1307.
1910: "Photographs Made For Advertising Purposes. Catalogue and Halftone Work. Landscapes, Buildings, Residences, and Interiors Photographed. Pacific Photo Co. Commercial and Advertising Photographers. Telephones: A2239, Main 9069. 203 Vine Street, Portland, Oregon."
1916: "T. Birdsall Commercial and Advertising Photographer Telephones: A2239, Main 9069, 203 Vine Street Portland Oregon Photographs for Catalogue and Halftone Work." Portland City Directory 1915, No. 52. Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1915. pg. 1502.
1917: same ad as 1916 Polk's Portland City Directory 1917. Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. pg. 1474.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Birdsell (sic), T. ..."


Birkin, Dazie R.
Chronology
1909-1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1905-1906 PCD not listed
1907 PCD pg. 215 "Birkin, Daisy, rms 610 N Fillmore, St. Johns"
1908 PCD not listed
1909 PCD pg. 298 "Birkin, Dazie R, attdt Struck Aune, rms 490 Morrison"
1910 PCD pg. 190 "Birkin, Dazie R photgr r 335 14th"
1911 PCD not listed


Bissell, Gardiner P. (1880-1949)
Chronology
1906-1949 Portland
Directory Listings
1901-1903 PCD not listed
1904 PCD pg. 214 "Bissell Gardiner P, artist Oregonian bds Harry McGowan, Mt. Tabor" (pg. 616 "McGowan Harry, clk E J Bowen, res Mt. Tabor)
1905 PCD pg. 219 "Bissell, Gardiner P, artist Oregonian, res Laurelwood"
1906 PCD pg. 217 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photog Oregonian, res Laurelwood."
1907 PCD pg. 288 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photog Oregonian, res Laurelwood"
1909 PCD pg. 299 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photog Oregonian, res Laurelwood Park"
1910 PCD pg. 191 "Bissell, Gardiner P., photgr, the Oregonian, h 73 N Main Arleta"
1911 PCD pg. 232 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photgr The Oregonian h 4135 66th S E"
1912 PCD pg. 235 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photgr The Oregonian h 1220 Weidler"
1913 PCD pg. 210 "Bissell, Gardiner P, photgr The Oregonian h 1220 Weidler"
1914 PCD pg. 296 "Bissell, Gardiner P (Louise) photgr The Oregonian h 1220 Weidler"
1915 PCD pg. 217 "Bissell, Gardiner P. (Louise S) photgr The Oregonian h 1220 Weidler"
1916 PCD pg. 218 "Bissell, Gardiner P (Louise) photgr The Telegram h 1220 Weidler"
1917 PCD pg. 171 "Bissell, Gardiner P (Louise) photgr Telegram h 1220 Weidler"
1918 PCD pg. 181 "Bissell, Gardiner P (Louise) photogr The Telegram h 1220 Weidler"
1920 PCD pg. 196 "Bissell, Gardiner P (Louise) photgr Telegram h 1220 Weidler"
1925 PCD Not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1949: "G. P. Bissell, Photographer, Dies After 6 Weeks' Illness. Gardiner P. Bissell, 68, who watched life from all angles through a camera's range finder for 46 years, died Friday at Emanuel hospital after a series of blood vessel ruptures in his brain. He had been ill six weeks.
Mr. Bissell had worked on practically all the major newspapers published in Portland since 1903, when he first took camera in hand to stalk the photogenic and newsworthy, and his work had appeared in those which did not employ him directly.
He began his career as a newspaper illustrator in 1903 with the Oregonian, as an artist. Shortly before his death he recalled the long hours he spent drawing maps to locate battles of the Russo-Japanese war.
Flash Explosion Recalled. But after six years at the drawing board, he became interested in photography, in those days a much more complicated field for newspaper work than it is today. Those were the times of long exposure of subjects on a glass plate, and long periods of development for negatives.
He worked 12 years for the Oregonian on this hitch. He recalled an assignment to get a night picture of crowds waiting for election returns at the old Oregonian building on S. W. 6th avenue and Alder street.
'This was in the days before flash bulbs' he remembered, 'So we built a special tripod out of boiler plate to hold the powder.'
The powder pan was over-charged and blew up like a cannon shot, shattering windows up and down the street. But the picture was good, he remembered.
Free-Lance Work Done. After Learning his trade at The Oregonian, Mr. Bissell moved to the Evening Telegram, stayed with it during progressive changes and mergers when it was known as the Portland Telegram and the Portland-News-Telegram.
Since the paper was sold and liquidated a decade ago, he had worked occasionally for The Oregonian, but his chief work had been free-lance photography.
Indicative of the high quality of his work was the $250 first prize he won in a national contest in 1941. For several years he took all photos of the Junior Rose Festival court, but this year he became ill after taking photos of the first few elimination winners.
Bissell Native of Michigan. Mr. Bissell was a native of Ada, Mich., and came west at the turn of the century. Before he went into newspaper work, he was a streetcar conductor and a steam roller operator.
Survivors include his widow, Mrs. Louise Bissell, and a son, Kenneth Bissell. The Bissell home is at 1213 N. E. 37th avenue. Funeral arrangements were to be made with the Colonial mortuary." Oregonian, 25 June 1949, pg. 7, col.5-6. includes portrait.
1949: "G. P. BISSELL, Photographer, Artist, Dies. Gardiner P. Bissell, an artist and photographer with nearly a half-century service on Portland newspapers, died early today at the age of 68. He had been in failing health for months.
Bissell was born in Ada, Mich., on Christmas day, 1880. He came to Portland around the turn of this century.
Soon after he he came to this area he joined the Oregonian staff as an illustrator, spending six years in that field. While with the newspaper he learned the infant art of news photography.
Turning to that vocation, Bissell later saw service with the Evening Telegram, the Portland Telegram and the News Telegram. In recent years he again did photographic work for the Oregonian and was active as a free-lance cameraman.
The Colonial mortuary has charge of funeral arrangements, which have not yet been completed.
His wife, Louise, 1213 NE 37th avenue; son, Kenneth F.; brother Harry; sister, Ruth, all of Portland, survive." Oregon Journal, 24 June 1949, pg. 6, col. 6. includes portrait.
1949: "Gardiner P. Bissell, Master Photographer. If you have had your photograph taken in connection with any news event in Portland in the past 40 years, it is likely that one of the 'boys' snapping you was Gardiner P. Bissell- but of course everyone called him 'Bis.' Mr. Bissell died Friday.
'Bis' had all the desirable attributes of a newspaper cameraman. First, he had a delicious sense of humor and most city editors with whom he worked insisted on his writing the captions or 'underlines.' They completely supplemented his photos, catching the comedy or tragedy of the subject. His captions were always accurate in name and initials- the city editor could trust to that.
Then, 'Bis' never came back empty handed, the worst of sins for reporter or cameraman. He could cajole the wariest human into posing- or 'kidnap' him if he balked.
From the days of the old tripod, slow films and flash powder gun to the modern era of sped shutter and flash bulb, 'Bis' kept abreast of the times.
His work over a long period of years was done for the Oregonian, the old Telegram and, later, again for the Oregonian. In broader sense his work was done for Portland, and was appreciated by many.
Everybody was a friend of Photographer Bissell and he was a friend of of everybody, children and adults alike. Editors, fellow cameramen and subjects alike will miss this smiling, brown-eyed master picture taker." Oregon Journal, 29 June 1949, pg. 22, col. 1-2 (editorial)
1949: "GOOD-BYE TO A CAMERAMAN. Gardiner P. Bissell, news photographer, lived his rich life pleasantly, decently and with unfailing humor. He seemed always glad to see his friends, as undoubtedly he was, and certain it is that his friends always were glad to see him. 'Biss' we called him, and by the familiar brevity managed somehow- nobody can say just how- to convey the affection in which we held him. He had been 'Biss,' dependable, true-blue, forward-looking, to a couple of generations or so of newspaper workers. We shall not see those fine, amicable eyes quicken to laughter ever again.
Quite as Gardiner Bissell was a good friend, so was he a good photographer- and we intend this adjective in each application as the ultimate superlative. Come to think of it, you can't be better than this, either in friendship or calling. And few there are that deserve it, this tribute, as utterly as did the gifted, good-humored cameraman, who won national honors for some of his work. Among newspaper people sundry of his news shots were famous.
Nobody truly knows the nature of heaven, but if there is one- and, mark you, we're not raising the question- there's where Biss is. Is it an impiety to hope that in Gardiner P. Bissell's personal heaven the catfishing is extra good? He certainly loved to fish for catfish." Oregonian, 30 June 1949, pg. 18, col. 2. (editorial)
1984: "Portland photographer caught images of historical events, faces of famous personalities. An Aviation Album. By Ann Sullivan of the Oregonian staff.
Portland photographer Gardiner P. Bissell recorded the visits of aviation pioneers who passed through the city in the early and middle years of this century, including Charles A. Lindbergh, Wiley Post, Amelia Earhart, Roscoe Turner and then-Commander Richard E. Bird.
Bissell, who worked for the Portland-Telegram, the News-Telegram, the Oregon Journal, and The Oregonian, photographed not only the faces of the nationally famous people, but also events that made aviation history in the area.
Bissell died June 24, 1949, at the age of 68, leaving his favorite photographs in a basket beside his easy chair. This collection is drawn from the basket, and was provided to the Oregonian by family friend G. William Wickman of Salem.
(9 paragraphs of history of aviators) ... More well-known subjects of Bissell's camera included Charles Lindbergh, whom he photographed in Portland four months after the pilot's historic solo-flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Another was Col Roscoe Turner, a picturesque pilot who set transcontinental records.
Bissell was on hand to photograph the meeting of Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly the Atlantic, when she was greeted with a bouquet of roses by Dorothy Hester, an Oregon pilot well known a half-century ago.
He also took pictures of Wiley Post when the famed flyer stopped in Portland in 1935 on one leg of an ill-fated flight. Post left Portland and picked up humorist Will Rogers in Seattle. The two men died on that flight when their plane crashed Aug. 15, 1935, near Point Barrow, Alaska. (additional text, 3 photographs)" Oregonian, 28 December 1984, pg. D7, col. 1


Bixby, C. F.
Chronology
1913-1915 Grants Pass
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Bixby, C. F., Grants Pass O"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Bixby, C. F., Grants Pass O"


Bjorklund, Erik
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD not listed
1907 not listed
1909 PCD pg. 299 "Bjorklund, Erik hlpr Pacific Iron Wks, res 67 1/2 3d"
1910 PCD pg. 191 "Bjorklund, Erik photgr h 269 1/2 Montgomery"
1911 PCD pg. 233 "Bjorklund, Eurick (sic) K blcksmth b 766 E Glisan"
1915 PCD pg. 218 "Bjorklund, Erik porter Portland Hotel"
1920, 1925 PCD not listed


Black, Paul
Chronology
1914 Newport
News Items
1914: (classified ad)"FOR SALE 7-inch f-6.3 Ross Homocentric in Ilex Acme shutter, and set of three Goerz ray screens; list $61.50, will take $30.00. Also 9 1/2-inch f-6.8 Eurynar in barrel; list $50.00, will take $25.00. Both of the above lenses in first-class condition. Paul Black, Newport, Ore." Camera Craft, May 1914.


Blackburn, George H.
Chronology
Gresham
List of stereo views published by Blackburn
The stereo views are usually numbered in negative, and have a ms caption and number on back.
3 explosion of big stump
4 stumps after explosion
10 building in Gresham
21 Rose Festival parade
25 large boat, probably Portland riverfront, boat is probably the Charlston.
30 "A Happy Family"
44 logging and skid road
45 "Indians near Toll Gate"
46 "Indians in wagon"
51 unidentified building
52 Mt. Hood
54 two women in snowball fight near summit of Mt. Hood
57 Mt. Hood
59 Rooster Rock
60 "looking up the bluff on the bank of the O. R. N. railroad"
61 bridge construction
69 view of covered bridge
67 Indians
72 view of Columbia river and railroad tracks
73 same with woman in foreground
74 view of railroad tracks
79 Horsetail Falls
89 Cascade Locks
90 view of steamship
99 railroad bridge
313 blowing up stumps
309 view of river
334 "old R. R. bridge Sandy River"
Photographer's Imprints
"George H. Blackburn & Co. Gresham, Oregon" hand set rubber stamp on stereocard back


Blackwell, Clara, Mr.
Chronology
1913 Sheridan
News Items and Advertisements
1913: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Building, including studio fully equipped, seven rooms. Price, $800.00. Cause for selling, wife has poor health; must change climate. Address Clara Blackwell, Sheridan, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 1, January, 1913.


Blackwood, Edward C. (1879-1954)
Chronology
1900-1935 Portland
Directory Listings
1892 PCD not listed
1893 PCD pg. 246 "Blackwood, Edward C, office boy Meier & Frank Co, bds 382 11th"
1894 PCD pg. 199 "Blackwood, Edward C, msgr Meier & Frank Co, bds 361 11th"
1895 PCD pg. 174 "Blackwood, Edward C, msgr Meier & Frank Co, bds 414 10th"
1896 PCD pg. 170 "Blackwood, Edward C, office boy Meier & Frank Co, res 414 10th"
1897 PCD pg. 169 "Blackwood, Edward C, office boy Meier & Frank Co, res 240 Fargo"
1898 PCD pg. 171 "Blackwood, Edward C b 240 Fargo"
1899 PCD pg. 173 "Blackwood, Edward C, wrapper Olds & King, bds 240 Fargo"
1900 PCD pg. 180 "Blackwood, Edward C, view artist L J Hicks, bds 240 Fargo"
1901 PCD pg. 152 "Blackwood, Edward C, clk Am Bicycle Co."
1903 PCD pg. 196 "Blackwood, Edwin C, printer Mrs. F. H. Browning, bds 883 E 7th N"
1904 PCD pg. 216 "Blackwood, Edwin C. printer Mrs. F. H. Browning, bds 883 E 7th N."
1905 PCD pg. 221 "Blackwood, Edwin C. printer Mrs. F. H. Browning, bds 883 E 7th N."
1906 PCD pg. 218 "Blackwood, Edward C, printer E W Moore, bds 883 E 7th N."
1907 PCD pg. 290 "Blackwood, Edward C, printer E W Moore, bds 387 Florence"
1909 PCD pg. 301 "Blackwood, Edward C, printer E W Moore, bds 387 Florence"
1910 PCD pg. 192 "Blackwood, Edw C. clk Eilers Piano House b 387 Webster"
1911 PCD pg. 235 "Blackwood, Edw C photgr h 387 Webster"
1915 PCD pg. 219 "Blackwood, Edw C. dept mngr Eilers r 387 Webster"
1916 PCD pg. 220 "Blackwood, Edw C. salsn r 387 Webster"
1917 PCD pg. 173 "Blackwood, Edw C. photo supplies 386 Morrison r 387 Webster"
1918 PCD pg. 183 "Blackwood, Edw C. photo supplies 386 Morrison r 387 Webster"
1920 PCD pg. 199 "Blackwood, Edw C. photo supplies 386 Morrison r 387 Webster"
1921 PCD pg. 167 "Blackwood, Edw C. photo supplies 386 Morrison r 387 Webster"
1924 PCD not listed
1925 PCD pg. 316 "Blackwood, Edw C. photog 394 Morrison r 387 Webster"
1928 PCD pg. 309 "Blackwood, Edw C. photog r 387 Webster"
News Items and advertisements
1901: "New Photographic Reproductions of Familiar Scenes on the Columbia River" Blackwood photo reproduced, Oregonian, 6 January 1901, pg. 18.
1954: "EDWARD C. BLACKWOOD. Funeral for Edward C. Blackwood, 74, late of 421 N. E. Webster street, will be Wednesday at 10 a. m. at Colonial mortuary, with burial at Lone Fir cemetery.
Mr. Blackwood, veteran Portland photographer, died Sunday at a Portland hospital. Born October 19, 1879, in New York, Mr. Blackwood was one of Oregon's early scenic photographers, and owned and operated the Portland Camera exchange in the early 1920s. He was later employed for 15 years as a technician by Photo Art studio. There are no surviving relatives." Oregonian, 2 June 1954, pg. 15, col.5.


Blain, J. W., Mrs.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Blain, Mrs. J. W. ..."


Blair
Chronology
Ashland
Photographer's Imprints
"Blair, Ashland" printed cabinet card


Blair, Frank L.
Watson's Photograph Gallery
Chronology
1891 Portland
1891 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 401 Oregon City "Watson's Photograph Gallery, Frank L. Blair mngr", Portland pg. 423 "Blair, Frank L., photographer, 167 4th"
1891 PCD pg. 184 "Blair, Frank L, photogr J E Watson, res Stark nr 8th"
1892 PCD pg. 260 "Blair, Frank L, photographer, bds E 7th s e cor E Pine"
1896, 1897, 1904 PCD Oregon City Section - not listed
1911 POW pg. 258 Oregon City "Blair, Frank, conf" (not sure its the same person)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 52.


Blake, W. E., Dr.
Chronology
1913 Ashland
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 3511- Dr. W. E. Blake, First National Bank Bldg., Ashland, Ore. Class 2" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 1, January, 1913, pg. 44


Blakely, George C.
Chronology
1910 Forest Grove
Directory Listings
1910 Or pg. 244 Forest Grove "Blakely, G. photographer"
1910 POW pg. 148 Forest Grove "Blakely, Geo. C. photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1909: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Finely equipped studio fitted to 8x10; price reasonable; north light, ground floor, Mission style fittings, low rent; good prices; population 3,000; college town; draw trade from eight other towns and rich farming country; no competition. Write if you mean business. Box 242, Forest Grove, Oregon." Camera Craft, October - December 1909. (attribution of this ad to Blakey is not entirely certain -ed)
1910: (classified ad) "For Sale Ground floor studio; one block from post office; finely equipped throughout. 3A Dallmeyer lens; rent low; prices and business good. Price $800.00. G. C. Blakely, Forest Grove, Ore." Camera Craft, March 1910
1910: "A NEW PHOTOGRAPHER. Blakely, the proprietor of the Forest Grove photograph gallery, has sold out to a Mr. Sackrider, of Hutsonville, Illinois, who has taken possession of the same. Mr. Sackrider comes to Forest Grove highly recommended as an artist of years of experience and is prepared to do all classes of work that is done in eastern galleries. He invites the citizens of Forest Grove and vicinity to call and examine specimens of his work. The News welcomes Mr. Sackrider to our city and feel confident that his work will be appreciated." Washington County News, (Forest Grove) 3 November 1910 (courtesy Eric Stewart)


Bledsoe, James W. (1863- )
Chronology
1905 Bend
1908 Dinuba, CA
Directory Listings
1905 POW pg. 147 Bend "Bledsoe, James W photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1908: "A COMPLIMENT TO LOCAL ARTIST. When J. W. Bledsoe billed the City of Dinuba last week, announcing that he would give an exhibition in the opera house on Friday and Saturday nights, many of his friends felt that he was courting defeat. Not that they feared for the merit of the show, but owing to the busy season, and the warm evenings. In this, however, they were happily disappointed. When the hour arrived for the first picture to be thrown on the canvas, the house was packed to suffocation and the entrance was standing full. The pictures undoubtedly were the finest ever thrown on a canvas in the State.
One could almost feel the cool mountain as the artist led them from the orchards and vineyards in the Valley, up the steep mountain passes and through canyons skirted on either side by storm-swept clouds and snow-capped peaks. Many of these pictures were taken from points almost inaccessible, and where the camera never before had been carried or an attempt to reproduce some of nature's most wondrous beauty and grandeur. The audience which packed the hall certainly was a splendid compliment to our now far-famed artist, and one he richly deserved.
Saturday evening the hall was again filled to overflowing, and dozens were turned away who could not get in. -'Dinuba Advocate.'
Mr. Bledsoe's negatives are all made with a large-size circuit camera, and the pictures he shows are projected in a special lantern from positives made direct from these large negatives." Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 11, November 1908, pg. 450.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: James William Bledsoe was born in 1863. He worked in Tulare county CA ca. 1886.


Bloom, Ernest J.
Chronology
1913 Hood River
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "Ernest J. Bloom, a photographer of Hood River, passed a couple of weeks at the ranch of R. E. Scott, secretary to the Commercial Club. Mr. Bloom had been working in the garden, and, taking a nap after lunch, a squirrel that had been making its home in the house, evidently thinking his long, black locks would make an excellent lining for a nest, trimmed off a portion of the hair while he slept. 'The rodent's teeth must have been sharp,' says the photographer, 'for I did not feel him at work there cutting away the hair. I must have moved in my sleep and in his excitement he evidently pulled some of the hairs out instead of cutting them. This awoke me and I let out a yell that almost frightened the squirrel to death.' -Portland Oregonian." Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 5, May 1913, pg. 244.


Blossom, Robert H.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1900 PCD pg. 182 "Blossom, Robert H, bkpr Warren Pkg Co, res 327 12th"
Photographer's Imprints
"Blossom" signed on mount, "Portland St. Fair & Carnival. Sept. 1900, Arch at night. 6th and Morrison" ms caption on 4x5 contact print. (OHS)
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Blossom, R. H. ..."


Boatman, James W.
Chronology
1901 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1896 PCD pg. 685 Oregon City "Boatman, James W, bkpr, res e s Centre bet 3d and 4th"
1897 PCD pg. 671 Oregon City "Boatman, James W, librarian Or City Free Reading Room and Library, res e s Center 3 n 3d"
1901 POWA pg. 250 "Boatman, J W photographer"
1904 PCD Oregon City Section Not listed


Bogardus, E. M. (1858- )
Chronology
1911 Myrtle Creek
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 242 Myrtle Creek "Bogardus, E. M., photographer"
Bibliography
Dodge, Orvil: Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties, Salem 1898. Second edition published by Coos-Curry Pioneer and Historical Association, Bandon 1969. Biography of E. M. Bogardus on pg. 8 in the biographical appendix. Summary: He was born in New York city on 25 October 1858. He moved to Oregon in 1884. He settled on Rogue river in 1893. At the time of the book's publication (1898) he had been a printer and a publisher for 25 years.


Bohlman, Herman T. (1872-1933)
Please see biography of his associate, Finley, William, for all information.


Bonaventura, Michele
Chronology
1907-1921 Portland
Directory Listings
1907 PCD pg. 301 "Bonaventura, Michele, photog 653 4th, res same"
1909 PCD pg. 313 "Bonaventura, Mikel, photog 653 4th, res same"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Bona Ventura, M., 653 4th St"
1910 PCD pg. 230 "Bonaventura, Michele photg, 653 4th h same"
1911 PCD pg. 248 "Bonaventura, Michele photgr 653 4th h same"
1912 PCD pg. 252 "Bonaventura, Michele photgr 293 1/2 Sheridan h same"
1913 PCD pg. 223 "Bonaventura, Michael grocer 295 Sheridan h 293 1/2 same "
1914 PCD pg. 310 "Bonaventura, Michael (Jennie) grocer 295 Sheridan h 293 1/2 same"
1915 PCD pg. 229 "Bonaventura, Michele (Jennie) grocer 295 Sheridan h 293 1/2 same", (Saml Bonaventura is clerk at grocery and lives at 293 1/2)
1916 PCD not listed
1917 PCD pg. 183 "Bonaventura, Michl (Jennie) photgr h 293 1/2 Sheridan"
1918 PCD pg.194 "Bonaventura, Michl (Giuvanna) photgr h 293 1/2 Sheridan"
1920 PCD pg. 211 "Bonaventura, Michl photgr h 293 1/2 Sheridan"
1921 PCD pg. 178 "Bonaventura, Michl (Serafino) h 293 1/2 Sheridan"
1924-1925 PCD Not listed


Bond, Alfred
Chronology
1906 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD not listed
1906 PCD pg. 228 "Bond, Alfred, photo enlarger, 64 10th N., res same"
1907 PCD pg. 301 "Bond, Alfred, saloon 315 2d, res same"
1909 - 1910 PCD not listed


Bond, N. E.
Bond Studio
Chronology
1917-1918 Klamath Falls
Directory Listings
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Bond Studio, Klamath Falls O"
News Items and Advertisements
1918: "N. E. Bond of Klamath Falls, has put on another assistant." Camera Craft, Vol. XXV, No. 8, August 1918, pg. 336.


Bonell, Frank
Chronology
1906 Portland
1907 Tacoma WA
Directory Listings
1904 - 1905 PCD not listed
1906 PCD pg. 228 "Bonell, Frank, photog., rms 212 1/2 Madison"
1907 PCD not listed
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Bonnell, Fred---Tacoma, Wash..."


Bonge, Frederick
Chronology
1904 Portland
Directory Listings
1899 PCD not listed
1900 PCD pg. 185 "Bonge, Fred, driver Churchley Bros, rms 347 Everett"
1901 PCD pg. 159 "Bonge, Fred, tmstr Churchley Bros, bds 347 Everett"
1903 PCD pg. 202 "Bonge, Frederick, driver Travis Bros, bds 368 19th N"
1904 PCD pg. 223 "Bonge, Fred photog 508 Williams av, rms 463 Everett."
1905 PCD pg. 229 "Bonge, Fred, tmstr G W Craw, rms 408 Flanders"
1906 PCD pg. 228 "Bonge, Fred, tmstr, bds 122 Union av N."
1907 PCD pg. 301 "Bonge, Frederick, tmstr, bds 294 Flanders"
1909 PCD pg. 313 "Bonge, Fred, tmstr N W Transfer co, res 415 E Pine"
1910 PCD pg. 203 "Bonge, Fred tmstr N W T Co h 415 E Pine" (also Chas Bonge works same place, res is 63 10th N)
1911 PCD pg. 248 "Bonge, Fredk tmstr h 476 Sumner"
1915 PCD pg. 229 "Bonge, Fred (Clara) lab r 506 Everett (Chas is a teamster and lives at 495 Everett)
1925 PCD Not listed for Fred, there is a Maud who is the widow of Chas.


Bonney, Robert B.
Chronology
1912 Woodburn
News Items and Advertisements
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 3162- Robert B. Bonney, R. F. D. No. 2, Woodburn, Ore., 5x7 and 3 1/4 x 4 1/4, developing paper, of landscapes and animals...class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 1, January 1912


Bonser, Stephen D. (1830-1917)
Chronology
1888 Sauvies Island
The Bonser family were early settlers on Sauvies Island.
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 488 Sauvies "Bonser, S. D., photographer"
1898 PCD not listed
1899 PCD pg. 179 "Bonser, Stephen D, apiarist, bds 450 Magnolia"
1900 PCD pg. 186 "Bonser, Stephen C, 450 Magnolia av"
1901 PCD pg. 159 "Bonser, Stephen D, b 450 Magnolia"
1903 PCD pg. 202 "Bonser, Stephen D, bds Ainsworth av"
1904 PCD pg. 224 "Bonser, Stephen D bds 416 Oxford"
1905 PCD pg. 230 "Bonser, Stephen D, bds 416 Oxford"
1906 PCD not listed
1907 PCD pg. 302 "Bonser, Stephen D, bds 416 Oxford"
1909 PCD pg. 314 "Bonser, Stephen D, bds 416 Oxford"
1910 PCD Not listed
1911 PCD pg.249 "Bonser, Stephen D, b 468 Jarrett"
News Items
1915: "‘I am a Buckeye,’ said Stephen D. Bonser, a day or so ago. ‘I was born in Ohio on the eighth of April, 1830. In 1836 my people moved from Ohio to Pike county, Illinois. That was a wild country in those days. It had just been secured from the Indians and there were lots of deer, wild turkeys, quail and cottontail rabbits. The problem of getting a living was less of a problem then than now. Possible we wanted less in those days than we do today. The men folks would go out and cut down a bee tree and fill all the copper kettles in the house with wild honey. The streams were full of catfish, bass and buffalo fish. The woods were full of wild foxgrapes, which make delicious jelly. Then we children could pick gallons of wild blackberries and other berries, beside nuts, pawpaws and persimmons in the frosty days of fall. I left that country when I was 16 years old. We went to Andrew county, Missouri, where we wintered and prepared our outfit to cross the plains. We stayed at the rendezvous until 115 wagons had assembled. After the first day’s trip the 115 wagons split up into 5 divisions. They elected five captains-Captain White, Captain Shuck, Captain Wills, Captain Whitcomb and my father, Captain John Bonser. There were 28 wagons in my father’s company. L.B. Hasings, Gideon Tibbits, Dave Shelton, Tom Hockett, Henderson Lueling and others were in our party. Luelling brought a nursery along. He had four large boxes that fired into his wagon bed. These were filled with earth and slips were planted in them. He watered them every night. I watched them till the strawberries were ripe. He planted his nursery at Milwaukie and he made big money selling his trees and his fruit. He shipped his apples to the California gold mines. The miners were glad to pay 25 cents each for apples. We settle on Sauvies Island in 1849. As soon as the donation land act was passed father took up 64 acres of land on Sauvies Island. In the spring of 1849 I borrowed $100 from Juniper Dillon, agreeing to pay him 100 per cent interest every three months, as long as I kept it. I took passage on the <illegible word> for San Francisco. We were held for 17 days in Baker’s bay by a rough bar. When we got over the bar, at last, it only took us three days and eight hours to run down to San Francisco. I paid Dillon his $ 100 with 100 per cent interest before the three months was up. At San Francisco we charted a boat to take us up the Sacramento river. The crew were all drunk. One fell overboard and with a swift side and a strong wind we were soon hard and fast ashore. We eventually got the crew sober and the boat under way and reached our desired haven. I mined on the middle fork of the American river until the spring of 1850 when I returned to Oregon. Father never had any patience with mining. He thought cattle and grass was the only legitimate way of making a living. On June 11 I married a widow from Missouri. Her name was Mehalla Thomas Taylor. We had eight children. In 1858 we moved to Vancouver so my stepdaughter could go to school. I bought the steamer Eagle for $230.00 and built a scow to carry hay and wood. For two years I was the owner and master of the Eagle. In about 1860 or 1861 I was up in the Salmon river country mining. There were four of us who went as partners. We agreed to share and share alike, but I was the only one who ever did any work and it took all I could earn to keep the four of us in grub. Presently I got tired of the partnership and quit. I don’t know whether the other three starved to death or went to work, but I came home and considerable distaste for partnerships. I took up photography, but my eyes wouldn’t stand it, so I went back on the river as the pilot of the steamer Ohio. Later I was with the Carrie Norten and the Lens, which were trading boats. They sold fruit and vegetables to the salmon canneries. In 1867 I moved to St. Helens. For the past 18 years I have lived here in Portland.’" The Oregon Journal; 12 July 1915, pg. 4.
1917: "Oregon Pioneer Dies in 87th Year: S.D. Bonser, aged 87 years, one of Oregon’s pioneers and a well known photographer in the early days of Portland, died Sunday at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Charles H. Bruce, at the Dalles. He came to Oregon from Illinois by ox team in 1847, and for a period engaged in farming on Sauvie’s Island. Mr. Bonser was a member of St. Helens Loge of Masons." The Oregon Journal; 7 March 1917 pg. 13. includes portrait.


Boos, John George
Chronology
1882 Forest Grove
In 1886, J. George Boos owned Boos & Co., a general merchandise store in Forest Grove.
I. N. Hobbs (q. v.) apparently used the old photo studio over Boos' tin ship in the 1890's.
Directory Listings
1878 West Coast pg. 211 Forest Grove "Boos, J. G., Stoves and tinware"
1903 PCD pg. 203 Portland "Boos, John G, pres Forest Grove Stone Co, tinner 432 Union av N, res 418 Tillamook"
1905 PCD pg. 230 Portland "Boos, John G, tinner 288 Russell, pres Forest Grove Stone Co, res 497 Vancouver av"
1907 PCD pg. 302 Portland "Boos, John G., tinner, res 784 Commercial"
1907 Rural Delivery Reference Book pg. 84. Washington County. "J. G. Boos, Gaston R. D. No. 1"
The directories track an extended family.
Photographer's Imprints
"J. G. Boos, Photographer, Forest Grove, Oregon" rubber stamp on cabinet card back, image shows students of Pacific University, ms date June 1882. (WCM #LP-78-1404/1467-142)
News Items and Advertisements (all citations courtesy Eric Stewart)
1882: "This Space for J. G. Boos, Photographer. Who will have something to say to the people of Forest Grove and vicinity next week." Aurora (Forest Grove) 27 April 1882.
1882: "Photographs. J. G. Boos has lately started in connection with his Tin and Hardware business, a Photograph Gallery! First-class Tin Types and Photographs. His Tin Types cannot be excelled. Call and see. Up stairs, over his Tin shop. All work done at Portland prices." Aurora (Forest Grove) 10 - 31 May 1882.
1882: "Mr. J. G. Boos did a rushing business taking photographs during Commencement week. Go to Boos for a good Photograph or Tin Type. He makes a specialty of Tin Types." Aurora (Forest Grove) 10 June 1882.
1882: "J. G. Boos. Photographs and Tin Types. Tin Types a specialty. Photographer! Forest Grove, Oregon." Aurora (Forest Grove) 5 October 1882.
1882: many other advertisements for Boos' store appear in the Aurora. The advertised merchandise includes guns, eyeglasses, watches, etc.
1897: "The following licenses have been taken out under the new city ordnance, No. 93, being for six months unless otherwise stated...E. J. Boos, for cow, $1.00" Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 14 July 1897.
1897: large display ad for general merchandise at Boos' General Merchandise Store. The ad states they have been in business twenty years in Forest Grove. Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 28 October 1897. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1897: "Officers of Forest Tent No. 21, K. O. T. M., elected Tuesday were; ...E. J. Boos, finance keeper..." The Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 23 December 1897
1897: advertisement for annual meeting of stockholders of Forest Grove Stone Co. called by J. G. Boos, president, and E. J. Boos, secretary. The Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 8 - 29 April 1897


Border, W. A.
Chronology
1880 Myrtle Point
A relative is A. D. Border, of the firm Border & Ferry.
The author has been unable to establish that Border was actually a photographer. The only evidence known to indicate he was a photographer is the listing in the Mautz checklist.
Directory Listings
1880 Pacific Coast pg. 364: "Border, A. W. Myrtle Point"
News Items and Advertisements
1885: "Circuit Court - ...State vs. W. A. Border - for selling liquor without a license. Fined $50 and costs." Coos Bay News, (Marshfield) 30 September 1885 pg. 3, col. 5.
1887: "Mr. Border, of Myrtle Point, is spending a few days on the bay" Coos Bay News, (Marshfield) 2 Feb 1887 pg. 3 col. 2


Bosco, Carl (1846-1878)
Bosco & Megler
Chronology
1869 Los Angeles CA
1871-1876 Portland
1877 Los Angeles CA
Directory Listings
1871 PD pg. 39 "Bosco, Carl, photographer, 93 Front"
1872 not listed
1873 SD pg. 91 "Bosco, Carl, photographer for Buchtel & Stolte, res Main bet Fourth and Fifth"
1873 PD not listed
1874 PD pg. 64 "Bosco, Carl, photographer, res w s Fifth, bet Washington and Alder"
1874 SD pg. 154 "Bosco, Carl, photographer, res w s Fifth bet Alder and Washington"
1875 PD pg. 59 "Bosco & Megler, photographer, Monastes' Building, First and Morrison"; "Bosco, Carl, B. & Megler, rooms Glisan's Block"; pg. 137 "Megler, A. J., Bosco & M., bds Am Exchange"
1875 SD pg. 159 "Bosco & Megler, photographers, 127 and 129 First"; "Bosco, Carl, (B & Megler) res Glisan's Building s w cor First and Ash."; pg. 229 "Megler, A. J., (Bosco & M.) res e s Ninth bet Morrison and Yamhill"
1876-1879 Portland directories not listed
Mautz Oregon "Bosco & Mengler (sic), 1875, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Bosco & Megler, Photographers, Nos. 127 and 129 First St., Portland Oregon" on stereo card
"Bosco & Megler, Photographers, Nos. 127 and 129 First St., Portland Oregon, All Negatives Preserved. No. Duplicates from this Picture may be had at any time." cabinet card, engraved back.
Official Records
1877 Great Register, San Francisco CA, ward 8, pg. 8, Bosco, Carl, photographer, born Germany, resident Lick House, aged 30 on date of registration 27 October 1876. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
News Items and Advertisements
1869: advertisement for Bosco & Penelon (Henry Penelon) Los Angeles Daily News, 2 June 1869, pg. 2, col. 6., (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
1869: advertisement for Bosco & Penelon (Henry Penelon) Los Angeles Daily News, 8 September 1869, pg. 1, col. 1., and pg. 3, col. 6. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
1870: "Carl Bosco gave one of his eclectic entertainments on each of the evenings Saturday and Monday. For late sensations and incomprehensible illusions, he baffles the science of detection. He is certainly master of the art of the 'temple of mystery.' He played to a good house on Saturday, and a better one on Monday evening, notwithstanding the attempt to injure him, of one Ream who wrote here from Jacksonville that he was a humbug." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 15 October 1870 pg. 2, col. 6.
1870: "Carl Bosco is performing wonderful, magical feats at Salem" Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 5 November 1870 pg. 2, col. 6.
1871: "Pictures.- A special train went up last Saturday, having on board Carl Bosco, operator for Mr. J. Buchtel, of Portland, taking views of the scenery along the road. We are informed that some of these views are really beautiful. They are taken for the purpose of sending them to the East and Europe." Oregon City Enterprise, 30 June 1871, pg. 3, col. 1.
1873: "ORO FINO THEATER. THREE NIGHTS ONLY. Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, March 27, 28, 29. CARL BOSCO, ILLUSIONIST in his NEW CABINET PERFORMANCE. Extra and Only Bosco Matinee. Saturday Afternoon, For the accommodation of Ladies and children. For full particulars, see programme of the day." Oregonian, 25 March 1873, pg. 2, col. 4.
1873: "Carl Bosco, the very clever slight of hand performer, will give entertainments at Oro Fino Theater, on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings of this week. Carl is too well known with this public to require any recommendation at our hands." Oregonian, 25 March 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "Every available seat was occupied last evening at the Oro Fino Theater, on the occasion of the entertainment given by the very clever illusionist, Carl Bosco. All the tricks, presented were performed with that skill which mystifies, while it challenges the admiration. Mr. Bosco is certainly one of the most ready and clever necromancers which have yet appeared before the public, and his entertainments are worthy of the patronage of the most intellectual and refined. The following are some of the many wonderful feats he performed: Fairy eggs, and Canary bird, Bewitched candles. Inexhaustible bottle- a treat for all. Flying coin. Mysteries of the aqueous element. The demon hat. Battling with the elements. Arabian doves. Egyptian wand. Arial bell. Shower of gold. He will give a performance this evening, also two tomorrow." Oregonian, 28 March 1873, pg. 3, col. 1.
1873: "Photographed- The excursionists were photographed by Carl Bosco as they passed through the blocks on the Annie Stewart last Sunday. It is said that the picture looks like 'em." Enterprise (Oregon City) 23 May 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "Carl Bosco photographed Annie Stewart as she passed through the locks on Sunday. It is his best effort in that line." Oregonian, 26 May 1873 pg. 3, col. 3.
1873: "Buchtel & Stolte are exhibiting a number of photographic views of Clatsop Beach." Oregonian, 9 July 1873, pg. 3, col. 2
1873: "In J. K. Gill & Co.'s window is a series of fine photographs of Clatsop scenes taken by Bosco." Oregonian, 2 August 1873, pg. 3, col. 2
1873: "Magic. - Oro Fino Hall was filled to overflowing last Saturday evening, on the occasion of an entertainment given by Mr. Carl Bosco, consisting of feats of magic, etc., which were both wondreful and pleasing. A farewell performance will be given this evening, previous to an extended tour through the Eastern States." Daily
Evening News (Portland) 22 December 1873 pg. 1, col 2.
1873: "ORO FINO THEATER. CARL BOSCO, ILLUSIONIST! Christmas Day, Thursday Dec, 25, 1873, By special request, Grand Family Matinee in the afternoon at 2 o'clock for the accommodation of ladies and children. Every child receives a beautiful present at the Matinee. Extra attractions and fun for the little folks. ... Thursday Evening, Positively the last performance when Mr. Bosco will introduce all of his new Illusions, including the Marvel Of Mecca, The Growth of Flowers, and the Wonderful Hindoo Basket Feat." Oregonian, 24 December 1873
1874: "Bosco, at Buchtel & Stolte's, has taken several fine photographs of Mrs. Fanny Morgan Phelps, which are to be seen in the show-windows." Oregonian, 10 June 1874, pg. 3, col. 2
1875: "Bosco and Megler Photographers, No. 127 and 129 First Street, Portland, Oregon, This New and Magnificent Establishment Has Superior Facilities, and Produces as Fine Work as any on the Coast. All Work Warranted. Only one Flight of Stairs." Oregonian, 13 February 1875.
1875: "Something New. The new style of promenade photographs. These beautiful pictures are now made at Bosco and Megler's new rooms, Nos. 127 and 129, First Street. Call and examine them." Oregonian 27 March-28 May 1875
1875: "Bosco and Megler are making a grand display of pictures taken since they opened. The new styles are very attractive. The new solar camera is worth seeing. Call to-day." Oregonian 27 March 1875
1875: "Buchtel and Stolte have opened in their large, elegant and convenient rooms in Goodnough's new building. First and Morrison streets. The rooms were arranged especially for the business and will rank with the best in the country. The firm have recently purchased the business of Bosco and Megler and engaged the services of Mr. Bosco, whose reputation is A No. 1 as photographer. With the consolidation of these large houses and the experience of the gentlemen connected with them, we see no reason why success should not attend them. By all means call at the new rooms. Note ad." Oregonian 18 August 1875 pg. 3, col. 4
1875: "FROM PUGET SOUND. --Mr. Carl Bosco, who has been sojouring on the Sound for several days, returned last evening. He reports the arrival of the steamers Pacific and Salvador at Seattle, on Thursday morning, with large lists of passengers from San Francisco. The former vessel came down to Tacoma the same evening, and the latter transferred passengers and freight to one of the Sound steamers for the same port. The passengers for Portland came through on the above ocean steamers, from San Francisco, for $14. About one hundred persons came over the N. P. R. R. and took passage at Kalama for this city. Mr. Bosco reports Seattle as a lively place. Everything along the line to that port denotes activity. The low fares from San Francisco to the Sound induces many to take that route for Oregon." Oregonian, 13 September 1875, pg. 3, col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1876: "Carl Bosco, the great illusionist, entered into an engagement as business manager with Herrmann, the celebrated prestidigitateur, at Victoria last week." Oregonian, 24 January 1876 pg. 3 col. 2 : (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1876: "Photos. For the very finest and most artistic Photographs go to Bosco & Megler's new rooms, No. 127 and 129, First st., Portland, Oregon. Pictures copied, enlarged, and finished in Oil, India Ink, Crayon, or Water Colors in the finest style" Albany Evening Democrat, 25 January 1876 pg. 3 col. 4. (ad appeared two days, 25-26 January, then not again until 7-10 March)
1876: Hendee took out ads in all three Portland papers on 28 June 1876 to announce he has bought out the Bosco & Megler gallery, and his photography gallery was in operation there. These are quoted fully in Hendee's section in this book. (In fact he took over the building, and perhaps got some of the equipment. Buchtel also claims to have bought Bosco & Megler out, and the author has seen B & M photograph mounts overprinted with Buchtel's imprint.)
1877: "Carl Bosco. In the Helena Herald of Sept. 20th, appeared the following paragraph: Carl Bosco, the illusionist, after a triumphant tour of the west side towns and camps, returned by yesterday's coach to Helena. He is preparing for a grand series of entertainments here during fair week." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 3 October 1877, pg. 4., col. 5
1878: "Died- We have heretofore neglected to mention that among the victims of the yellow fever scourge, well known on this coast, who recently been carried away at New Orleans, was Carl Bosco. Mr. Bosco was a photographer by profession, but is better known as a showman in the magic art. He made a tour of the Sound in this line of business in 1871, and made friends and acquaintances." The Daily Intelligencer, (Seattle) 19 Oct 1878 pg. 3 col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Carl Bosco was a resident at the Lick House, San Francisco, 27 October 1876.
Palmquist, Peter, Photographers of the Humboldt Bay Region 1865-1870, plate 8, pg. 36, shows "Bosco The Magician" sign in image of Eureaka CA attributed to November 1870.
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 22, 52.
Malcolm Clark, ed. Diary of Judge Matthew P. Deady, Portland; OHS 1975, pg. 171. mentions Judge Deady attending Carl Bosco's matinee on 31 October 1874.
Lockley, Fred: "The Story of Albany's Pioneer Photographer", Albany Democrat, 6 July 1924 (Biography of J. G. Crawford) "...By the next spring I had taken photographs of all the people in Lebanon who felt like spending the money for pictures, so I moved to Portland in the spring of 1870 and went to work for Joe Buchtel and Dr. J. R. Cardwell, who were partners in a photograph gallery. My fellow-worker was Carl Bosco, who later became a famous magician and sleight-of-hand performer. If those old negatives are still in existence you will find that we took pictures of Joe Meek, and most of the well known pioneers of that day..." (courtesy Eric Gustafson)


Boston Studio
Please see Frost, B. Gardner.


Boswell, W. H.
Chronology
1913 Newberg
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Boswell, W. H., Newberg O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Boswell Studio, Newberg, Ore" blind stamp, 8x10 print on mount


Bowerize, Cleo L.
Chronology
1910 Greenwich, Ohio
1910 Ashland
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... List of Renewals... 2140X - Cleo L. Bowerize, R. F. D. No. 2, Greenwich, Ohio. Up to 8x10, various papers, miscellaneous subjects..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 2, February 1910, pg. 84, col. 1.
1910: (classified ad) "For Sale One 8x10 New Improved Seneca View camera fitted with three focus symmetrical lens f-8 (meaning a triple convertible lens), Wollensak Automatic shutter, four holders, all accessories complete. Cheap; make offer. Address, Cleo L. Bowerize, Cottage St., Ashland, Ore." Camera Craft, June 1910


Bowles, Lindley M.
Chronology
1911 Dallas
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 2838- Lindley M. Bowles, R. F. D. No. 1, Dallas, Ore., 2 1/4 x 4 1/4, various papers, of landscapes, and animals, Post cards only... Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 4, April 1911


Bowman, Walter S. (ca. 1862-1938)
Bowman & Lee
Chronology
1885-1887 itinerant Eastern Oregon
1887-1938 Pendleton
Bowman bought the photogaphy studio of T. C. Ward at the foot of the Main street bridge in Pendleton. (photo of Ward studio in January 1887 in Umatilla County - A backward Glance. Pendleton; Umatilla County Historical Society, pg. 149)
Employee Listings
1921 Charles Moore
Directory Listings
1890 Pendleton city directory pg. 76 "Bowman & Lee, photographers, Main", "Bowman, Walter S. bds 713 Willow"
1891 POWI pg. 406 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S., photographer"
1893 Polk Baker City, Lagrande, Pendleton, and Union Directory pg. 131 Pendleton: "Bowman, Walter S, photographer, 906 Main, rms Main cor Court"
1899 EO & P pg. 24 Pendleton "Bowman, W. S. photographer, foot Main, r 705 Aura"
1901 POWA pg. 256 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S, photographer" also a Bowman, Daniel blacksmith.
1903 POW pg. 286 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S photographer"
1907 POW pg. 345 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S photographer"
1909 POW pg. 286 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S photographer"
1911 POW pg. 264 Pendleton "Bowman, W S photographer"
1912 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County pg. 29 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S. photographer, 916 Main, res same"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Bowman, W. S., Pendleton O"
1914 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County pg. 32 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S. (Elizabeth M) photgr, 916 Main, res same"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Bowman, W. S., Pendleton, O"
1921 Polk Umatilla county pg. 23 Pendleton "Bowman, Walter S. (Elizabeth M) photogr 916 Main h same"
Mautz Oregon "Bowman, W. S., 1890-1900, Pendleton"
Photographer's Imprints
"Bowman, Pendleton, Oregon, Studio Near Bridge" cabinet card, printed front
"Bowman & Lee. No. 906 Main St." printed front CDV
"Bowman & Lee. No. 906 Main St., Pendleton, Oregon, Duplicates..." printed front cabinet card
OVERPRINT: "W. S. BOWMAN, SUCCESSOR TO", "Wheeler, Pendleton, Oregon" printed front cabinet card with stamped overprint.
News Items and Advertisements
1892: "W. S. Bowman, Leading Photographer and View Artist, Copying, Enlarging, Tin Types, Stamp Photos on Silk, etc. Satisfaction guaranteed. No. 906 Main street, near the bridge." East Oregonian, (Pendleton) 1 January 1892. (courtesy Richard Storch)
1898: "Cabinet photographs $1.50 a dozen at Bowman’s photograph gallery, near the Main street bridge." Pendleton Tribune, 28 June 1898. (on 9 June, a new gallery was opened in Pendleton by Professor G. L. Eastman, of Portland. After Bowman’s advertisement, Eastman responded by offering photographs for 50 cents a dozen)
1900: "W. S. Bowman, Photographer. Carbon and Smooth Finish. Photo Buttons. Developing and Finishing the Work of Amateurs. Main Street, near the Bridgge, Pendleton, Oregon" Pendleton Tribune, 4 January - 9 August 1900.
1900: "W. S. Bowman, the photographer, will take photographs on July 4 at reduced prices. The gallery will be open all day for the accomodation of the public." Pendleton Tribune 5 July 1900 pg. 12, col. 4.
1900: "W. S. Bowman has remodeled and enlarged his photograph gallery for the puropse of procuring the best possible lighting." Pendleton Tribune 5 July 1900 pg. 12, col. 3.
1911: "W. S. Bowman, of Pendleton, Oregon, was on a camping trip recently" Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 9, September 1911.
1938: "Car Crash Kills Man, Injures Wife: Pendleton, Nov. 27 (Special)-Walter S. Bowman, 76, pioneer Pendleton photographer, was fatally injured near Pendleton Sunday afternoon and his wife received severe injuries when their car skidded on the icy highway and rolled into a ditch. The accident took place about ten miles east of Pendleton on the Old Oregon Trail. Bowman’s neck was broken and he suffered internal injuries, dying on the way to a hospital. Mrs. Bowman was unconscious when brought to the Pendleton hospital, suffering a concussion. Her injuries are not believed critical.
Man Retired Recently. During the early part of the century Bowman was one of the outstanding photographers of eastern Oregon. He had retired during recent years from active work. He was especially well known for his outstanding action pictures of the Pendleton Round-up. Born in Pendleton, he had spent his entire life in the city. He was well known among sportsmen of the community for his interest in hunting and fishing." Oregonian; 28 Nov. 1938, pg.1
1938: "Ex-Round-Up Cameraman Dies in Crash: Pendleton, Nov. 28.-Walter S. Bowman, 76, native of Pendleton and famed photographer of the Round-Up in early days is dead and his wife has a brain concussion as a result of their car skidding on icy pavement 10 miles east of here Sunday afternoon. The car, driven by Bowman, rolled over three times after sliding on a curve. Bowman’s neck was broken and he died en route to a hospital here. Mrs. Bowman, in addition to the concussions, suffered minor hurts. Retired for several years, Bowman was a photographer here for an extended period. One of his best known Round-Up pictures was of Bonnie McCarroll taken from under the hooves of a horse." The Oregon Journal; 28 Nov. pg. 3, 1938
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 128. mentions 360 glass plates are in the University of Oregon Library.
Miller, Wallace J., A Trip Along the Columbia River, 1890, pg. 116, col. 1. "W. S. BOWMAN, Photographer, Main Street, near the bridge.- Mr. Bowman started this business under notice March 1, 1890. The operating room is equipped with the most improved apparatus and appliances. The reception rooms display many beautiful specimens of Mr. Bowman's artistic taste and skill, and the work turned out is unequaled for beauty and originality of pose, superiority of finish, and artistic excellence. During the last three years Mr. Bowman has made a specialty of traveling and taking views, and he has a large and fine collection of views of all parts of Eastern Oregon and Washington; these are for sale, either in sets of singly. He is an artist of ability, and is meeting with well deserved success." (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Bowman, W. S.---Portland (sic), Ore..."
Wolff, William; What A Photographer Can Do" Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 2, pg. 63-66. Article about Bowman with 5 photos, including portrait of Bowman and views of his photo studio. "There is a photographer in Pendleton, Oregon, that I like to call on every time I am in that part of the country. His name is W. S. Bowman, and the name is connected with good, matter - of - fact photography, by the residents of that section, in such a way that there is no danger of competition winning their trade away, even were Mr. Bowman less respected for his sterling worth as an enterprising and hard - working citizen.
He made his first negative in 1885, became deeply interested in the work, and decided to embark in photography as a profession. Self-taught, and with only an ordinary amateur outfit, a 5x7 camera, and a few of the necessary accompaniments, he came into Pendleton and sought such view work as he could find during the summer of 1887, and that winter moved into a cheap frame building at the end of the bridge which spans the Pendleton River, which flows through one side of the town, several blocks from the business section. The location was far from an ideal one, but Mr. Bowman was not dependent upon location. While doing portrait work, and doing good work at that, he seemed to be almost constantly afield. His fine collection of Indian negatives and large assortment of typical harvest scenes, the latter of an interest almost as unique as attaches to his Indian studies, on account of the exceptional opportunities that Oregon farming operations present, both testify strongly as to his untiring energy and appreciation of the pictorial. With low rent, small expenses, the hard work which he seemed to like, and the constantly increasing business which could not but result, money was made and placed aside for sound investment.
Realizing that the growing city in which he was located would, in fact was, rapidly enhancing the value of the property upon which the old frame studio stood; realizing that it would soon be desirable business property, its purchase was negotiated. Of course, a growing business required more room, and a new building was contemplated. Running across an advertisement of a concrete block machine, and knowing that the location of the lot on the river bank necessitated concrete foundation at least, Mr. Bowman decided upon concrete block construction for the building proper.
The foundation was started in March, 1907, and finished up to the first floor nine months later. On the river side it is eighteen feet deep, thirty inches wide at the bottom, and twelve inches at the top. The new building being much larger than the old one, the building of the foundation did not prevent the continued use of the latter, in fact, the old building was used as a studio until the first story of the new one was completed. With the new foundation in place, the old building was moved back about three feet, by the simple expedient of using a few jack screws to slide it along on an extension of its foundation. This allowed the front wall of the new building to be put in place.
Winter being the dull season, in out-door work at least, the making of the blocks was commenced the following January, the basement of the old studio being used as the factory. By the first of June, nearly all the blocks were made, some twenty-four hundred, 8x8x16 inches in size. The pictures herewith tell the story of the successive stages from the commencement of the first story to the completion of the building. The large picture extending across the page is in striking contrast to the one shown across the top; not only in the studio itself, but in the character of the buildings which flank it from behind on Main Street, two-story substantial business buildings having taken the place of the smaller frame buildings of no particular type or utility. And yet, such growth is nothing unusual in any of the towns and cities of the Northwest. But, despite the certain growth of these towns, it is not to be imagined that all one requires is a knowledge of photography and the ability to turn out pictures. Mr. Bowman is, and always has been, an apostle of hard work and persistence. One of the pictures shows two stone masons at work, while another shows a number of carpenters and their helpers who were put to work in order that the new building might be ready for occupancy as soon as possible after the tearing down of the old building which it enclosed, until the structure reached the second floor. All of the blocks were made during spare hours by Mr. Bowman himself, and though not in the garb in which he is shown in the picture used as an initial; (ed. note- this refers to the first picture of the article, a portrait of Bowman with a concrete block, used at the head of the text and enclosing the first letter of the writing) and he also constructed all the framing for the foundation and the back wall, and filled them in with the concrete. The building is fifty-eight feet deep, fifty-two feet wide at the back, and thirty-seven and one-half feet wide at the front. Besides the studio and work rooms, it contains three modern flats of five rooms each, with bath. About two years were spent in the construction. The property is now worth many times its original cost, is bringing in a handsome little income in the way of rentals; and, while costing about eight thousand, five hundred dollars, is all paid for, with its owner still able to write his check for a neat little sum. The property extends to the middle of the river, and good trout and perch fishing can be enjoyed from the porch on that side of the house.
There is a moral, I think, in this plain, unvarnished tale. And the moral is not alone to move into a growing town in the great Northwest. Hundreds of photographers are doing that right along. They are even doing better; they move every year or two, some of them. The real moral is this: Enterprise and industry require only the opportunity, and opportunities are plentiful. At least, the kind of opportunities that the man of Mr. Bowman's caliber requires. As Bill Barlow says: 'Opportunity knocks once on every door - but sweeps out mornings for the man who helps himself."
Rupp, Virgil; Let ‘er Buck: A History of the Pendleton Roundup. Pendleton; Pendleton Round Up Association, 1985. This book contains many Bowman photos. On page 27 is an account that Bowman named Yakima Canutt.


Boyce, A. Y.
Chronology
1867 Hillsboro
Directory Listings
1867 West Coast pg. 270 Hillsboro "Boyce, A. Y., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Boyce, A. Y."
Photographer's Imprints
"A. Y. Boyce, Photographer, Hillsboro, <illegible>" rubber stamp on tintype back. (WCM #LP-72-2219/2310-333)


Boyce, Charles A.
Boyce & Eastom
Chronology
1907 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 not listed
1892 PCD pg. 272 "Boyce, Charles F, bds 149 1/2 5th"
1893 PCD pg. 258 "Boyce, Charles F, rms 141 1/2 5th"
1894 PCD pg. 209 "Boyce, Charles F, clk H Sinsheimer, bds 141 1/2 5th"
1895 PCD pg. 183 "Boyce, Charles F, bkpr H Sinsheimer, bds 141 1/2 5th"
1896 PCD pg. 176 "Boyce, Charles F, bkpr H Sinsheimer, bds 430 Jefferson"
1897 PCD pg. 176 "Boyce, Charles F, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, bds 394 Jefferson"
1898 PCD pg. 179 "Boyce, Charles F, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, bds 394 Jefferson"
1899 PCD pg. 182 "Boyce, Charles F, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, bds 394 Jefferson"
1900 PCD pg. 189 "Boyce, Charles A F, mngr Geo F Roberts & Co, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, bds 394 Jefferson"; pg. 611 "Roberts, George F & Co, Charles A F Boyce mngr, mnfrs' representative 13 Worchster Blk"
1901 PCD pg. 163 "Boyce, Charles A, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, res 394 Jefferson"
1902 PCD pg. 207 "Boyce, Charles A, bkpr Henry Sinsheimer, res 394 Jefferson"
1903 PCD pg. 206 "Boyce, Charles A, bkpr H Sinsheimer, bds 289 13th"
1904 PCD pg. 228 "Boyce, Charles A, bkpr H Sinsheimer, bds 289 13th"
1905 PCD pg. 235 "Boyce, Charles A, bkpr H Sinsheimer, bds 289 13th"
1906 PCD pg. 233 "Boyce, Charles A, trav agt J N Matschek Candy Co, bds 289 13th"
1907 POW pg. 373 Portland: "Boyce & Eastom (Charles A. Boyce, Charles E. Eastom) portraits 126 12th."


Boychuk, Walter
Chronology
1912-1961 Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 210 "Boychuk, Wm b 403 Front"
1911 PCD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 236 "Boychuk, Walter, lab r 825 Front"
1917 PCD pg. 191 "Boychuk, Walter, lab r 174 Meade"
1918 PCD pg. 203 "Boychuk, Walter, lab r 174 Meade"
1920 PCD pg. 221 "Boychuk, Walter, photog r 166 Nebraska"
1921 PCD pg. 186 "Boychuk, Walter, photog r 166 Nebraska"
1925 PCD pg. 340 "Boychuk, Walter, photog r166 Nebraska"
News Items and Advertisements
1961: "Portland Picture Taker Cites Secret of Success...Walter Boychuk, 75, an Oregon resident since 1906, native of Austria, retired mountain climber, amateur gardener, gourmet, and conversationalist...studio at 1133 SW 11th Av..." incl. many anecdotes of famous persons, portrait sittings, and biographical information. Oregonian, 28 Dec 1961 sec. 2 pg. 11 col. 6
Advertisements
1949: "Boychuk Studio of Photographic Arts. Official Photographer for San Francisco World's Fair. Specializing in Men's Portraiture..." 1949 Portland Phone Directory pg. 293
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 79 "Boychuk came to Oregon in 1906, established a portrait studio in 1912. Retired from active work 49 years later."


Boyd, Henry J.
Rankin & Co.
Mackey and Boyd
Lebanon Art Gallery
Chronology
1891 Eugene, itinerant
1898-1901 Lebanon
1903-1917 Ashland
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 253 Eugene "Rankin & Co. (Frank A. Rankin, Henry J. Boyd), photographers"
1901 POWA pg. 212 Lebanon "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1903 POW pg. 112 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1905 POW pg. 116 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1906 ASL pg. 48 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J, photog Main, res Fairview bet Gresham and Union"
1907 POW pg. 115 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1909 POW pg. 61 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1911 POW pg. 60 Ashland "Boyd, Henry J photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Boyd, H. J. Ashland O"
1915 POW pg. 1490 photographers "Bayd (sic) H. J. Ashland O"
1917 POW pg. 1533 photographers "Boyd, H. J. Ashland O"
Mautz Oregon "Boyd, H. J.,1885-1900, Lebanon", "Boyd, H. S.(sic), 1890, Eugene"
Photographer's Imprints
"Boyd, Lebanon Ore" blind stamp on mount, view of horse logging.
"H. J. Boyd, Lebanon Ore" printed front, small card portrait.
"H. C. Mackey and Boyd, Hamlin Blk, Medford, Ore" cabinet card, printed front
News Items and Advertisements
1893: "H. J. Boyd, the photographer, informs us that owing to the bad condition of the roads, it will be impossible for him to be in Florence as he expected. He will come later in the season." The West, (Florence, Lane County) 9 June 1893 pg. 3 col. 2.
1898: "The Misses Crawford and Hutchins have taken charge of Mr. Boyd's gallery and are now ready to do all kinds of photo werk(sic). We especially call your attention to our new Platino Photos, which are the latest out." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR), 8 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: " Misses Crawford and Hutchins, the two Albany young ladies who have taken charge of Mr. Boyd's gallery, are doing a good business and turning out some exceedingly fine work." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 15 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "J.G. Crawford, the well-known photographer, has disposed of his interest in his finely equipped gallery in Albany to his partner C.S. Harnish. Mr. Crawford is in Lebanon for a few days assisting Misses Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 22 July 1898, pg. 2, col. 2.
1898: "Miss Lillian Crawford and Miss Hutchins, who have opened a photo gallery in Lebanon, are gaining the reputation of doing excellent work. 'Herald'. " Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 22 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Artist Boyd has improved the appearance of his gallery by carpeting and draping the reception room. A neater gallery cannot be found in the valley. 'Junction Times'. Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 29 July 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.
1898: "Misses Crawford and Hutchins, who have been running H.J. Boyd's photograph gallery for the past three months, leave today for their home in Albany. They are fine young ladies, and besides doing first-class photograph work, they have made many friends in our city. Mr. Boyd will hereafter have charge of the gallery." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 23 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 3.
1898: "Boyd, the photographer, would like to trade photos for a few cords of wood." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 30 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "J.N. Boyd will stretch his photograph tent in Cottage Grove, and may locate in that place." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 30 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "With new backgrounds, new accessories, new mounts and a good rest, Boyd can make you some fine photos." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 30 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Boyd again has possession of the Lebanon Art Gallery, and is now prepared to make the finest photos ever made in the city." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 30 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "H.J. and J.N. Boyd returned last Friday from a trip to Portland. H.J. went to Eugene Saturday, and on Monday returned with Mrs. Boyd and Miss Whipple." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 30 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1912: "Ashland, Oregon, has two new photographers. Both Mr. Camps and Mr. Boyd having leased studios there." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 10, October 1912, pg. 486.


Boyd, James N.
Chronology
1901 Cottage Grove
1903-1907 Lebanon
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 151 Cottage Grove "Boyd, James N. photographer"
1903 POW pg. 234 Lebanon "Boyd, James N photographer"
1905 POW pg. 276 Lebanon "Boyd, James N photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"J. N. Boyd, Cottage Grove Oreg" cabinet card, printed front.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Boyd, J. M (sic)---Lebanon, Ore..."


Boyle, J. F.
Chronology
1894-1896 Burns
1896 Prineville
1898 Burns.
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 162 "photographer in Burns (portrait work) 1856-1900"
Photographer's Imprints
"J. F. Boyle, photo"
News Items and Advertisements
1894: "J. F. Boyle, photographer, now located here for three of four weeks is doing work of a superior quality. His price is $3 per dozen cabinets. He makes a specialty of family groups and baby photos, and guarantees his work. Those desiring work in his line are invited to call and examine his samples. East Oregon Herald (Burns), 11 July 1894-25 July 1894.
1894: "J. F. Boyle, photographer, requests us to state that he will remain at Burns until Sept. 9th, positively no longer. A rare opportunity is presented to all who have not already supplied themselves with samples of his excellent work. Remember the date and his price, $3 00 per doz. for cabinets. He guarantees to please even the most fastidious" East Oregon Herald (Burns), 5 September- 12 September 1894.
1895: "J. F. Boyle, photographer, is still here. A rare opportunity is presented to all who have not already supplied themselves with samples of his excellent work. Remember his prices, $3.00 per doz. for cabinets. He guarantees to please even the most fastidious." East Oregon Herald (Burns) 19 September 1894 - 31 July 1895
1895: "J. F. Boyle, our photographer, talks of leaving our town the first of next month, probably the 8th. He has given excellent satisfaction here and we are sorry he is going away. All persons desiring pictures should call on him without delay." East Oregon Herald (Burns) 26 June - 8 July 1895.
1895: "Photographer Boyle left here last Thursday for Prineville. Mr. Boyle is a good artist and while here took many pictures." East Oregon Herald (Burns) 14 August 1895, pg. 7, col. 1. (ed note - Boyle left 8 August)
1895: "L. R. Mehaffy, who a short time since moved artist Boyle to Prineville has returned. He reports Prineville as slow and dull as our own town." East Oregon Herald (Burns) 21 August 1895, pg. 7, col. 2.
1896: "J. F. Boyle, photographer, wishes us to state that he will visit Burns again in the near future. His numerous patrons, knowing the superiority of his work, will do well to retain their orders until he comes." East Oregon Herald (Burns) 15 July 1896., also Times Herald (Burns) 12 August 1896.
1898: "J. F. Boyle, Photographer, is still turning out first class work at $3.00 a dozen for Cabinets." Harney Valley Items (Burns) 31 August 1898. (other issues not available for checking. Single copy is in Harney County Historical Society museum)
1899: "The wind storm of the first of the week ‘raised Cain’ in a way with John Boyle’s photo tent, tearing it in several places. Mr. Boyle took it down and will not raise it again for a few weeks." Burns Times Herald. 1 February 1899.


Boyle, Kate, Mrs.
Chronology
1901-1905 Harrisburg
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 188 Harrisburg "Boyle, Mrs. Kate, photographer"
1903 POW pg. 202 Harrisburg "Boyle, Mrs. Kate photographer"
1905 POW pg. 232 Harrisburg "Boyle, Mrs. Kate photographer"


Bracey, T. W.
Chronology
1891 Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1891: (classified ad under bookkeepers and clerks) "Situation Wanted - By Druggist: Excellent testimonials; well up in photography and laboratory work. T. W. Bracey, Albina, Ore." The Oregonian 23 October 1891.


Braden, J. L.
Chronology
1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Braden, J. L."


Bradford, Corwin W. (1870- )
Chronology
1903-1911 Roseburg
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 396 Roseburg "Bradford, Corwin W photographer"
1905 POW pg. 485 Roseburg "Bradford, Corwin W photographer"
1911 POW pg. 457 Roseburg "Bradford, Corwin W photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Bradford, C. W., 1900, Roseburg"
Photographer's Imprints
"C. W. Bradford, Photographer" blind stamp on mount, 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 view of Roseburg Hotel.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Listed in 1900 Federal Census, San Pedro, CA as a photographer. Born Iowa 1870.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Bradford, C. W.---Roseburg, Ore..."


Bradford, R. P., Mrs.
Chronology
1898 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By Mrs. R. P. Bradford, choice bits of interior...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15


Bradley, Darwin
Chronology
1909 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 278 Oregon City "Bradley, Darwin, photographer"


Bradley, Levi
Lantz & Bradley
Chronology
1888 Yaquina
1895 Endersly (now Endersby, near Dufur in Wasco county)
1897-1901 Wasco
Forest Grove
Dayton
Woodburn
c. 1903- Seattle
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 543 Yaquina "Bradley, Levi, photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Bradley, Wasco, Oregon, Photographer" cabinet card, printed front, ms date "October 11, 1897"
"L. Bradley, Dayton, Or." cabinet card, printed front
"L. Bradley, Traveling Artist, Headquarters, Dayton, Ore."
"L. Bradley, Forest Grove, Or." cabinet card, printed front
"Lantz & Bradley, Woodburn, Or." cabinet card, printed front
News Items and Advertisements
1901: account of awards at the county fair. "Photography. collection of landscape views, L. Bradley, 2nd. Specimen pf photographs, same, 2nd. Bromide, same, 2nd." The Dalles Chronicle, 5 October 1901.
1949: "Mrs. Levi Bradley. Funeral services for Mrs. Dora B. Bradley, 80 years old, 4509 Eighth Av. N. E., will be held at 3 O'clock tomorrow in the Home Undertaking Company Chapel, with burial in Evergreen. Mrs. Bradley died yesterday at a rest home after a long illness. Mrs. Bradley, a native of Minnesota, came to Seattle 46 years ago. She was the wife of Levi Bradley, a retired photographer. Also surviving are two sons, Robert D. and Edward L. Bradley, Seattle, and four daughters, Mrs. Elmer Toll, Mrs. Homer Beebe and Mrs. C. W. Ostrom, all of Seattle, and Mrs. Franklin Jamerson, Sprague, Lincoln County." Seattle Daily Times, 9 December 1949 pg. 16 col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1952: "Levi Bradley. Funeral services for Levi Bradley, 84, a retired Seattle police photographer, will be held at 1 o'clock Saturday in the Home Mortuary chapel, with burial in Evergreen. Mr. Bradley, 4509 Eighth Ave. N. E., died Tuesday in a hospital after a brief illness. He was a native of Collingwood, Ont. He came to Seattle 50 years ago. Surviving are two sons, Robert D. and Edward L. Bradley, and four daughters, Mrs. Elmer Toll, Mrs. Homer Beebe and Mrs. C. W. Ostrom, all of Seattle, and Mrs. Franklin Jamerson, Sprague, Lincoln County; seven grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Mr. Bradley's wife, Dora Bell, died in 1949" Seattle Daily Times, 31 January 1952 pg. 25 col. 5 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Bibliography
Giles French, Golden Years (Oregon Historical Society; Portland) pg. 235 mentions Bradley had a studio in Wasco at the turn of the century.


Brady, William F.
Chronology
1909 Portland
News Items
1909: "Another Achievement added to the Oregon Camera Club's annualy more gratifying successes was its exhibition held in Steinway Hall, Portland, March twenty-second to twenty-seventh. The following comment on the pictures is abridged from the many full notices given by the 'Portland Oregonian' and other papers. ...
...William F. Brady's print, 'Our Defenders,' a beautiful marine, gave a splendid view of the fleet as it visited the Pacific Coast..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 5, May 1909, pg.167-171.


Bradshaw, Charles H.
Chronology
1909-1911 Newport
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 267 Newport "Bradshaw, C H photographer"
1911 POW pg. 248 Newport "Bradshaw, Chas. H photographer"


Brainard, Sherman H.
Chronology
1909-1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 213 "Brainard, Sherman H. b 234 54th"
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Brainard, S. H."
News Items
1909: "OREGON CAMERA CLUB ELECTIONS... annual election January 12th... result was as follows: ... Board of Directors, ...Brainard, S. H..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 3, March 1909, pg. 117.
1910: "Exhibition Committee ... S. H. Brainard ... " Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 1.


Branch, John W.
Chronology
1907-1909 Grants Pass
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 226 Grants Pass "Branch, John,W photographer"
1909 POW pg. 169 Grants Pass "Branch, John,W photographer"


Brandberg, Josephine, Mrs.
Chronology
1903 Huntington
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 212 Huntington "Brandberg, Mrs. Josephine photographer"


Bratt, James Henry
Chronology
-1893 San Francisco
1893-1895 Astoria
1899 San Rafael CA
By 1899, Bratt was settled in San Rafael, CA working a a photographer-partner in the firm Loriallard & Bratt.
Directory Listings
1893 Dellinger's Directory of Astoria pg. 32 "Bratt, Mames H, photographer, marine and view, 120 Olney, res same"
Photographer's Imprints
"Photo By J. H. Bratt, Astoria Or." cabinet card, imprinted front
"J. H. Bratt, Astoria, Ore" 5 x 10" view with stamped caption, hand-set rubber stamp type "Veteran Steamboat Men 10237" (OHS collection)
"J. H. Bratt, Astoria Or., Marines, Landscapes, Interiors, Portraits, See Bratt's Discriptive (sic) Album n Columbia River Salmon Fishing Industry." cabinet card printed front (OHS)
News Items and Advertisements
1895: "J. H. Bratt, who has kindly furnished the photos for illustrating Astoria, is located at 583 Commercial street, in that city. His portrait work is finely executed and universally admired. His marine and view work is also much admired, and pronounced by all as being a most excellent production in the art of photography. Mr. Bratt was formerly located in San Francisco. He has been at Astoria only a little over one year, but during this short period he has gained a reputation achieved only by a limited number in his profession." Oregonian, 1 January 1895, pg. 37, col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)


Breeding, W. G.
Chronology
1891-Woodville
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 629 Woodville "Breeding, W. G., photographer" plus Breeding, J. H., blacksmith


Bressler, John B.
Chronology
1903-1917 Grass Valley
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 198 Grass Valley "Bressler, John photographer"
1905 POW pg. 228 Grass Valley "Bressler, John B photographer"
1907 POW pg. 230 Grass Valley "Bressler, John B city marshall"
1909 POW pg. 171 Grass Valley "Bressler, John B photographer"
1911 POW pg. 162 Grass Valley "Bressler, John B photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Bressler, J. B., Grass Valley O"
1917 Polk The Dalles directory pg. 240 "Bressler John B, photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Bressler, J. B. ?"


Bretherton, W. W.
Chronology
1887-1890 Portland
Directory Listings
before 1884 Not listed in Portland directories
1885 PCD pg. 129. "Bretherton, W. W., supervising engineer O & C R R, res 188 East Park"
1886 PCD pg. 137 "Bretherton, Walter, secy O & C R R civil engineer, res 65 N 10th"
1887 PCD pg. 145 "Bretherton, Walter, secy O & C R R civil engineer, res 65 N 10th"
1888 PCD pg. 165 "Bretherton, Walter, Right of Way, Tax and Claim Agt O & C R R Co, res E P"
1889 PCD pg. 167 "Bretherton, Walter W, engineer, claim and tax agt S P Co, res 329 J"
1890 PCD pg. 161 "Bretherton, Walter W, engineer, claim and tax agt S P Co, res 329 J"
1891 PCD pg. 196 "Bretherton, Walter W, engr, claim and tax agt S P Co, res 329 J."
1892 PCD pg. 278 "Bretherton, Walter W, claim and tax agt S P Co, res 529 Johnson"
1893 PCD pg. 264 "Bretherton, Walter W, civ eng, res 187 16th N."
1894 PCD pg. 214 "Bretherton, Walter W, civ eng, res w s E 26th 2 n Division"
1895 PCD pg. 188 "Bretherton, Walter W, tax and claim agt S P Co, res 461 E 26th"
1896 PCD pg. 182 "Bretherton, Walter W, tax agt S P Co, res 421 E 21st."
1897 PCD pg. 180 "Bretherton, Walter W, claim agt S P Co. res E 26th cor Division"
1898 PCD pg. 183 "Bretherton, Walter W, agt S P Co, res 465 E 26th"
1899 PCD pg. 187 "Bretherton, Walter W, tax and claim agt S P Co, res 465 E 26th"
1900 PCD pg. 194 "Bretherton, Walter W, tax and claim agt S P Co, res 465 E 26th"
1904 PCD pg. 235 "Bretherton, Walter W., tax and claim agt S P Co res 465 E 26th"
1910 PCD pg. 217 "Bretherton, Walter W, sec Oregon Coast & Portland Ry Co h 465 E 26th"
1915 PCD pg. 245 "Bretherton, Walter W (Gertrude) clk SPCo h 465 E 26th"
1925 PCD pg. 351 "Bretherton, Gertrude B (wid W W) r 465 E 26th"
Photographer's Imprints
"W. W. Bretherton, Portland Ore." boudoir size view, printed front (OHS)
News Items and Advertisements
1887: "CAMERA CLUB. This club, which was organized about a year ago, held a meeting Wednesday night in Dr. F. B. Eaton's office, and elected the following officers: Frank Woolsey, president; W. F. Woodward, secretary; and W. W. Bretherton, corresponding secretary. Several new members were admitted. The object of this club is to foster and encourage amateur photography." Oregonian, 24 July 1887 pg. 3, col. 2.
1888: (list of American Photographic Societies) "Portland (Oregon) Camera Club. - President, Frank Woolsey; Secretary, W. T. Woodward; Corresponding Seretary, W. W. Bretherton" The International Annual of Anthonys Photographic Bulletin, Vol. 1, New York; E & H. T. Anthony & Co., 1888, pg. 630
Bibliography
Steel, William G; The Mountains of Oregon, Portland; David Steel, 1890, pg. 79 Articles of Oregon Alpine Club Constitution, Photographic Department, list of officers: President, W. W. Bretherton.
Oregon Alpine Club, general administration officers, Vice President, W. W. Bretherton.


Brewster, William K.
Chronology
1905 Enterprise
Directory Listings
1905 POW pg. 201 Enterprise "Brewster, Wm K photographer"


Breyer, Richard
Chronology
1916 Portland
Directory Listings
1915 PCD not listed
1916 PCD pg. 247 "Breyer, Richd, photgr 543 Vancouver av r 539 same"
1920 PCD pg. 232 "Breyer, Richd eng h 543 Vancouver av"


Breyman, Bertha M., Miss.
Chronology
1904-1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg.168 "Breyman, Miss Bertha M, bds 355 Hassalo."
1903 PCD pg. 212 "Breyman, Bertha M, bds 355 Hassalo"
1904 PCD pg. 235 "Breyman, Bertha M, bds 355 Hassalo"
1905 PCD pg. 242 "Breyman, Bertha bds 355 Hassalo"
1906 PCD pg. 242 "Breyman, Bertha bds 355 Hassalo"
1907 PCD not listed
1910 PCD not listed
1915 PCD not listed
News Items
1904: "A Few Photographic Gems by Western Artists. Portfolio of Salon Club Contains Many Treasures ... "Tidelands" by Bertha Breyman, ... are similar compositions, both of these artists having a pronouncd liking for misty twilight effects." Illustrated is 'Tide Lands. Bertha Breyman, Portland, Oregon"Oregonian, 9 October 1904, pg. 22, illustrated with photographs.
1905: (description of First American Photographic Salon exhibit in New York) "Oregon has five representatives with a total of seven frames...'The Meadow' by Bertha Breyman..." Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 1, January 1905, pg. 32.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Breyman, Miss B..."
First American Photographic Salon, (exhibition catalog, Portland; Portland Society of Photographic Art, 1905) pg. 2. listed as a member of the Portland Salon Committee. Entered in exhibition catalog: "Breyman, Miss Bertha, 355 Hassalo Street, Portland Ore. #43 The Meadow $12.00."
Walker, Will H.; "The American Salon in Portland, Oregon", Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 6, June 1905, pg. 349-351 "...opening of photographic salon in the new art museum...rooms were initiated by the photographic art salon, May 24th...Portland has four artists represented in five pictures, and one other Oregon artist, Mrs. Helen P. Gatch of Salem, with two pictures...Miss Bertha Breyman ...(exhibited) 'The Meadow'...is a simple bit of landscape, well chosen and artistically finished..." Illustration of The Meadow on pg. 350.
Photograms Of The Year 1904, (annual periodical) London; Dawbarn & Ward, pg. 171 "In the metropolis of the State, Portland, the list of pictoral workers...Bertha Breyman..."


Bridge Studio
Please See Lum, Joe


Briggs, A. C.
Chronology
1889-1891 Creswell
Directory Listings
1889 POWI pg. 195 Creswell "Briggs, A C photographer"
1891 POWI pg. 226 Creswell "Briggs, A. C., photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1880: "Creswell Items...A moveable photograph gallery has been erected on the main street of the town, and is ready for business." Eugene City Guard, 7 February 1880 pg. 3 col. 2. (not sure if this is the same person)


Briggs, John A.
Chronology
1884-1888 Pendleton
Pleasant Hill, and itinerant
Directory Listings
1884 POWI pg. 230 Pendleton "Briggs, John A., photographer"
1885 Polk Inland Empire Directory pg. 81, Pendleton: "Briggs, John A., photographer, foot of Main, res same"
1888 POWI pg. 338 Pendleton "Briggs, John A., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Briggs, Pendleton" "Briggs, J. A. 1885, Pleasant Hill"
Photographer's Imprints
"From the portable photographic studio of J. A. Briggs, Headquarters, Pleasant Hill, Ore. Duplicates of Photographs can be had at any time. Orders by mail promptly attended to." printed back cabinet card.
"Briggs, Photo Artist, Pendleton, Oregon" printed front cabinet card "Instantaneous Process Used Exclusively. R. T. R. Co. Over the Post-Office, Pendleton, Oregon. Duplicates of this, or any negative made by J. A. Briggs, can be had at any time at reduced rates. Life-Size Bromide Portraits $10. Crayon Portraits a specialty, and the Finest Copying and Enlarging done. R. T. R. Co., Photographers,successors to J. A. Briggs" printed back cabinet card, front "R. T. R. Co. Successors to J. A. Briggs, Pendleton, Oregon, over the Post-Office, duplicate prices 6 for $2.00, or 12 for $3.50"


Brink, J. F.
Chronology
1865 Portland
Darkroom technician for Buchtel upon his move to Woodard's Gallery
Directory Listings
1864 PD pg. 31 Appendix "Brink, J. F., portrait painter, 5 Morrison"
1865 PD pg. 39 "Brink, J. F, portrait painter, 5 Morrison"
1866 PD not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1864: "OIL PAINTING- Mr. J. F. Brink, has just finished a fine oil painting:'Venus Rising From The Sea,' a copy of a picture in the gallery of Prince Wolkonski. The copy is on exhibition at Sutton's Shooting Gallery, and will be up at a raffle on the 23d inst." Oregonian, 16 April 1864, pg. 3, col. 1.
1864: "J. F. Brink, Portrait Painter - Study - Vaughan's Brick Building, corner Front and Morrison streets, adjoining Woodards Photographic Gallery..." Oregonian, 3 November - 30 November 1864
1865: "FINE VIEWS - Our old friend Buchtel, late of Buchtel and Cardwell's Gallery, called upon us last evening and left with the publisher a fine assortment of views, lately taken by him, as the principal Operator at the New Gallery, corner of Morrison and Front streets, where he may be found dealing in superb specimens of cities and citizens. Lately he has taken some elegant views of Oregon scenery, which will comprise pictures from Astoria, including the entrance to the Columbia river; the stranded ship Industry, in a series of three photographs, taken from a painting by Brink, on actual observation; and a number of views of Portland during the festival day; views of Oregon City, &c., which make a fine collection for an album or stereoscope. Oregon cannot be beat, the world over, for its scenery - and how many hundreds are there among our citizens who would not gladly be possessors of a few specimens of it- even for their own gratification, or to send to friends in the East. We are pleased at what Mr. Buchtel has shown us, and hope he will be well repaid for his energy in procuring such elegant photographs. From his collection we have obtained a look at the the Oregon City Woolen Manufactory, a most magnificent brick edifice, lately completed by our enterprising neighbors. We have not visited the City of the Falls since the day the work was inaugurated last year, but feel gratified at being able now to see the fine structure, the best in all Oregon- while sitting in our chair at home- thanks to Buchtel." Oregonian, 19 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "J. WILKES BOOTH - The assassin of the President, J. Wilkes Booth, appears in the group on 'Frederick & Co.'s Portrait carte de visite,' one of which is owned by Mr. John Ward of the Crystal Saloon, in this city. The card was taken to Mr. Buchtel, at Woodard's Gallery, on the morning of the 19th, and enlarged by Mr. Brink, from which copies were photographed yesterday, and last evening Mr. Buchtel laid specimens of the assassin upon our table. It is a life-like portrait, taken from an original photograph, and not only shows to what extent photography leads in familiarizing faces, but is a credit to the energy of the operator in bringing out the assassin, that our people many know the character (judging by appearances) of the man. Copies of the picture will be for sale to-day." Oregonian, 21 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.


Brinkerhoff, A. E.
Chronology
Salem
Photographer's Imprints
"Portrait Gallery, State Street, Opposite Bennet House. A. E. Brinkerhoff, Salem, Oregon. Work will not be finished until paid for. One dozen $4.00, Half Dozen $2.50, Duplicates, each 25" red and black printing on CDV back


Britt, Peter (1818-1905)
Britt, Emil
Chronology
1847-1852 Highland, Illinois
1852-1905 Jacksonville
So much has been written about Britt that any serious reader can look foreword to substantial study. Britt, at the time of this writing, is the only Oregon photographer from before 1900 to have a book length monograph published. He is represented in museum collections around the United States. The site of his former home is a historic landmark and presently a musical amphitheater, presenting the longest running musical festival in the Northwest, appropriately named the Peter Britt Festival. His cameras and equipment are preserved in the Jacksonville Museum.
Britt built an estate looking over Jacksonville, which is one of the most picturesque "old towns" of Oregon. He was famous for his gardens, and had a vineyard aptly named "Valley View". The structure burned down in 1949, just two weeks after the photographic materials had been moved to the museum. The site of Britt's home is virtually a stone's throw from downtown Jacksonville. While visiting the estate, I was surprised to encounter two fawn who were lingering in the remains of his gardens, they were equally surprised and promptly took off. This visit to Jacksonville to get a personal look into Britt's environment left me with many deep impressions that will not be forgotten.
Britt has a long "paper trail" for researchers to pore through, a product of his many activities as horticulturist, government weather observer, money lender, and leading citizen. Extensive documentation is available for few other Oregon pioneer photographers. This elite group is marked by high applied intelligence, and the images they produced are in a class by themselves.
Despite a long list of attempts, no other individual was able to establish a successful Jacksonville photography studio while Britt was active. The results of these workers after resettlement to another location often point out the lessons they learned in Jacksonville and the qualities of Britt they chose to emulate. Looking over hundreds of Britt tintypes and portraits has led me to believe his personality had a strong impact on the portrait sitting and this may explain, in part, his success in capturing natural expressions.
Britt was born in Switzerland on 12 March 1819. He arrived in Jacksonville in early November 1852, and immediately set to work building a photo studio. Britt was married to Mrs. Amelia Grubb on 11 August 1861. Britt died 3 October 1905.
Artifacts
Proprietary stamps on Britt CDVs were cancelled in black ink with his initials "PB." Most of his cards were imprinted with his name, however I have seen a few with no identification but are clearly recognizable as Britt's studio.
I have seen over 80 tintypes with Britt's imprint, and all except one had an engraved label pasted on the back. One had an imprinted front. There are also many Britt tintypes in blank holders, which are recognizable by the studio props and backgrounds.
The large format contact prints come in many sizes, trimmed from 6 1/2" x 8 1/2", 5" x 8", and 8" x 10" negatives. The use of a wide angle lens is apparent on some of the 5" x 8." I have seen a 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" print dated 1888.
Britt had labels printed for his wine "Valley View Vineyard, P. Britt & Son" with space for the date to be filled in, one is marked "Jan 1890"
Britt's Stereos
The list of Britt stereo cards is derived from three sources. Peter Palmquist published a transcription of Britts original manuscript list in 1982. Much research was put into Britt's stereo cards by the late George Beck. He came to conclusions based on his personal examination of many cards. These have been further revised based on recent additional research.
Dates: The oldest dated stereo view is 1876 (#126, Crater Lake), but three views on thin board indicate a style in use just after 1855. Several of the later views are dated in the 1870s and 1880s.
Mount Color: All of the tall views are on red mounts. Most of the standard size views are on red mounts, with some on yellow and a few on pink. (Red mounts appear orange now)
Mount Corners: All the standard size views have their corners cut square (not rounded corners) except one which may not be his. The tall mount views have rounded corners.
Titles: are penciled in only, except one which may not be Britt's.
Numbers: numbered with heavy stroke on right print. Several are labeled with a sticker. The numbers are restricted to the 100-200 series. ( I have seen one card #201 which is a view of an unidentified house)
Sizes: The tall Orange mounts are 6 15/16" x 3 7/16" with 3 3/16" x 2 3/4" images. The regular size Orange mounts are 7" x 4" with 2 15/16" x 3 11/16" images. These all had engraved backs. The regular size Yellow mounts are 6 15/16" x 3 7/16" with 3 1/8" x 2 15/16" images. Most of the yellow cards have engraved backs, although a few had no identification and one had a rubber stamp of "Will Jackson, Dentist, Jacksonville O."
List of Stereo Cards
101 Rogue River and Gold Hill
101 Applegate Creek and Miner's Ridge
102 Applegate Creek and Miner's Ridge
103 Mt. Pitt and Rancheria Prairie
104 Mt. Shasta and Big Spring
105 Rogue River above Rock Point
106 Forest in Cascades
107 Castle Rock and Sacramento River
108 Castle Rock and Sacramento River
109 Rogue River and Table Rock
110 Flounce Rock
111 Occidental Mine
112 Occidental Mine
113 Garden Scene (home of Britt)
114 Mule Hill
115 Rogue River and Gold Hill
116 Rogue River above Rock Point
117 Jacksonville
118 Jacksonville
119 Jacksonville
120 Crater Lake
121 Crater Lake
122 Crater Lake
123 Crater Lake
124 Crater Lake
125 Crater Lake
126 Crater Lake camp, 1876
127 Rogue River falls
128 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
129 Flounce Rock
130 Lake of Woods and Mt. Pit
131 Jacksonville
132 Britt Residence
133 Annie Creek
134 Annie Creek
135 Crater Lake camp 1882
136 Crater Lake camp 1882
137 Fish Pond (Britt residence)
138 Seven Mile Creek
139 Mule Hill
140 Applegate Bridge
141 Sacramento River and Castle Rock
142 Jacksonville, United States Hotel
143 Jacksonville, United States Hotel
144 Fishing 7 Mile Creek
145 Yucca
146 Baileys, Sacamento River
147 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
148 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
149 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
150 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
151 Mt. Shasta from Strawberry
152 Crescent City
153 Crescent City
154 Crescent City
155 Crescent City
156 Crescent City
157 Rapids on Rogue River
158 Rogue River bridge above falls
159 Rogue River bridge above falls
160 Rapids on Upper Rogue River
161 Rapids on Upper Rogue River
162 Rogue River Falls
163 Rogue River Falls
164 Rogue River Rapids
165 Rogue River Rapids
166 Crater Lake
167 Crater Lake
168 Crater Lake
169 Crater Lake
170 Crater Lake
171 Crater Lake
172 Crater Lake
173 Cactus in blossom
174 Cactus in blossom
175 Jacksonville
176 Jacksonville
177 Residence of Peter Britt from First Street, 1882
178 Pres. Church Jacksonville
179 Gin Lin Claim on Applegate
180 Gin Lin Claim on Applegate
181 Gin Lin Claim on Applegate
182 Residence Peter Britt
183 Table Rock
184 Linkville 1874
185 Castle Mountain, Crater Lake
186 Scene in Conservatory (Britt residence)
187 Light House Crescent City
188 Artists Camp Crater Lake
189 Crater Lake
190 Garden Scene
191 Jacksonville 1884
192 Breakfast at Camp
194 Two Rocky Scenes
201 (unidentified house)
Directory Listings
1878 West Coast pg. 213 Jacksonville "Britt, Peter, photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1863: (Marriage notice) "In Jacksonville on Sunday evening, August 11, by U. S. Hayden, recorder, Mr. Peter Britt and Mrs. Amelia Grubb" Oregon Sentinel, 25 July 1863, as quoted in "Oregon Sentinel Various", ed Ruby Lacey, Ashland; n.p. 1989 pg. 39
1863: Britt has likeness of James Lingenfelter for sale. Oregon Sentinel 25 July 1863, as quoted in "Oregon Sentinel Various", ed Ruby Lacey, Ashland; n.p. 1989 pg. 75
1863: "Photographic- at no place in town can you enjoy yourself so well for an hour or two as at Peter Britt's Photography Rooms. Hundreds of familiar faces greet you on every side, and make you feel at home. Mr. Britt has just received from San Francisco a beautiful stereoscope giving a large number of fine views, from every part of the world." Oregon Sentinel 30 July 1864 pg.3 col.2
1865: "Peter Britt, Photographic artist is prepared to take pictures in every style of the Art with all the late improvements. If pictures do not give satisfaction, no charges will be made. Call at his new Gallery, on the hill, examine his pictures, and sit for your likeness." Oregon Sentinel 25 March, 1865.
1869: "PETER BRITT, PHOTOGRAPH ARTIST, JACKSONVILLE, OREGON. AMBROTYPES, PHOTOGRAPHS, CARDS DE VISITE DONE IN THE FINEST STYLE OF ART. PICTURES REDUCED OR ENLARGED TO LIFE SIZE. May 15th, 1869." The Democratic News, (Jacksonville), Vol. 1, No. 4, 22 May 1869 pg. 3 col. 3.
1876: discussion of weather and the apple crop in Jacksonville; Britt crop in good order. Willamette Farmer (Salem) 14 Jan 1876 last page col. 4 (quoting Jacksonville Sentinel)
1882: "Peter Britt, born in Switzerland, March 12, 1819, emigrated to the U. S. in 1845, and to Oregon in the spring of 1852, arrived in Jacksonville Nov. 9, 1852. Photographist." (article about Southern Oregon Pioneers) Oregon Sentinel, 8 July 1882 pg. 3 col. 6
Bibliography
Somerville, J. C.; J. C. Somerville Photographic Supplies, St. Louis; J. C. Somerville 1889, pg.; 87 example of sample printing available for CDV backs illustrated by using a Britt CDV. "Design for printing No. 3", "P. Britt Photographic Studio, Jacksonville, Oregon" (this CDV style is illustrated in Miller's book, pg. 36, top row, second from left.)
Miller, Alan Clark; Photographer of A Frontier, The Photographs of Peter Britt, (Eureka CA; Interface, 1976) This is a full length hardback monograph on Britt. Approximately 25 page biography, approx 60 plates, many additional illustrations. This is the best available source of information about Britt.
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 420-421. short mug book biography. Emil is connected with him in business, 1893
Miller, Alan Clark; Peter Britt, manuscript MA thesis TR 140 B8X M5 at Southern Oregon State College.
Beck, George List Of Stereo Cards, unpublished manuscript notes dated Aug 1956 with later revisions, courtesy of Carl Mautz.
Peter Britt, Letter to Eastman Kokak Company, MS-170 in Jacksonville Library
R. E. Moore, The Peter Britt Glass Plate Collection; an index to the collection at Southern Oregon College (Sept. 1973)
Darkroom Photography Feb 1989 pg. 39
The Numismatist Mar 1987 pg. 509-520
Portrait and Biographical Record of Western Oregon, Chicago; Chapman Publishing Co., 1904
Taylor, Arthur Samuel, The Britt Family, ms in Jacksonville Museum.
Andrews, Ralph W., Picture Gallery Pioneers, New York; Bonanza 1964. pg. 92-100. One page of biography, seven pages of Britt photos.
Palmquist, Peter, The Stereographs of Peter Britt, Stereo World, Vol. 9, No. 2, May/June 1982, cover, pg. 6-12.
List Of Stereo Cards, manuscript notes by George Beck, dated Aug 1956 with later revisions, courtesy of Carl Mautz.
Inch, Una B. Correspondence with Fletcher Linn regarding Britt in Jacksonville Museum.
Unrau, Harlan D.; Administrative History of Crater Lake National Park. U. S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, pg. 21-22. mentions the first photographs of Crater Lake were actually done by the Sutton Expedition in 1869. Source credited is Gorman, Discovery and Early History of Crater Lake, pg. 157.
Teiser, Ruth, and Harroun, Catherine; "First Crater Lake Photograph" National Parks Magazine, Vol. XXXVI, September 1962, pg. 14-16.
Kuykendall, W. reminiscences and papers relating to the first Britt photographing expedition to Crater Lake. manuscript materials in OHS. (MSS 2130)
Place, Howard and Marian; The Story of Crater Lake National Park. Caldwell, ID; Caxton 1974, chapter III: "Peter Britt Takes The First Photograph", biography, illus, pg. 26-35, 58
Palmquist, Peter, The Media of Britt, unpublished manuscript.
Place, Marian T. Story of Britt, unpublished manuscript
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, Portland; Oregon Historical Society, Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 42-43.
Rinhart, Floyd and Marion, The American Daguerreotype. Athens; University of Georgia Press 1981. brief biography of Britt pg. 383.
Peattie, R. The Pacific Coast Range NY; New York Historical Society.
Taft, Robert. Photography And The American Scene; NY; Dover pg. 250, 488.

Brittan, J.
Chronology
The Dalles
Photographer's Imprints
"J. Brittan, The Dalles" rubber stamp on CDV back, view of steamer Hassalo at old Wharf. (OHS vault)
"J. Brittan, The Dalles" rubber stamp on cabinet card back, subject died in first Alaska gold rush.


Brobecks, Charles
Chronology
1892 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 PCD not listed
1892 PCD pg. 281 "Brobecks, Charles, photographer, 3d s e cor Ash, res same"
1893 PCD not listed
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) p. 52


Brock
Chronology
Pendleton
Photographer's Imprints
"Brock, Pendleton" imprint on back of 4x5 contact prints of Indians, numbered in negative No. 35, 36, 40, 41.


Brodeck, Henry Herman (1836-1886)
Chronology
1869-1870 San Francisco CA
1871 San Jose CA
1871-1876 San Francisco, CA
1877-1878 Portland
1878-1886 Walla Walla WA
1881 Alaska
According to Michael Cirelli, he became a resident of Walla Walla WA, where he died . Mrs. Brodeck, who was running the studio in 1891, sold it to J. R. Cawthon. She moved to Everett, WA with her son, Arthur A. Brodeck.
Artifacts
Cabinet card album, has portraits of Buchtel, Stolte, etc, and pasted on inside cover is a business card "Buchtel & Stolte, Photographers Corner First and Morrison Streets, Portland, Oregon. First-Class Work In Photography, Crayon, India Ink, Oil or Water Colors. H. H. Brodeck, Operator." (OHS Album No. 108)
Directory Listings
1869 Langley San Francisco directory: Brodeck Henry H, photographer with Bayley & Winter 238 Jesie.
1877 PD pg. 69 "Brodeck, Henry H., photographer, res s s Alder bet Eighth and Ninth
1878 PD pg. 69 "Brodeck, H., photographer, res s s Alder bet Eighth and Ninth"
1879 not listed
1884 POWI pg. 598 Walla Walla WA "Brodeck & Co. (Henry H Brodeck), photographers, E Main nr the Bridge"
Mautz Washington "Brodeck, H. H.,1880, Walla Walla"
Photographer's Imprints
"Brodeck & Co., Photographers, Main Street, Walla Walla, W. T..." cabinet card printed back.
"Brodeck & Co. Photographers. Walla Walla." printed front cabinet card.
News Items and Advertisements
1879: description of Walla Walla WA: "Brodeck and Co., Photographers, in Stahl’s brick building, Main street. All admirers of true art should visit this gallery, for it contains some of the most beautiful and perfect specimens of photography, crayon, India ink and water coloring it has ever been our good fortune to see. Indeed, the pictures taken at this studio, in our opinion, will in every respect, compare favorably with those taken at Bradley and Rulofson’s, San Francisco, Brodie’s or Saroni’s, of New York City <sic - should be Brady or Sarony. -ed>, and why should they not? Nature has done her part in giving us the necessary conditions for the production of the most perfect photographic work. The air of this section is as dry and pure as that of Southern California, while for clearness and brilliancy the azure of our skies will compare favorably with any section of the known world. It but remains for art to join hands and forces with those of nature. Mr. Brodeck has for the last 19 years been engaged in the study and practice of this profession in the cities of New York, San Francisco and Portland, If practice makes perfect then must he certainly have strong claims to a high degree of artistic merit. He is also one of the inventors of the celebrated enameling process or Glace (sic) pictures. Associated with him and in the inner studio as retoucher is Mr. Taliaferro, a gentleman who for the last ten years has been engaged in the earnest and conscientious study and practice of his chosen art, which does so much to assist mechanism, rendering its work more complete by that attention to minute details, the faithful observance of which is the surest evidence of genius. With two such artists associated together we can readily comprehend why it is their subject pictures are so artistically beautiful with the expression of the eye, and every feature clearly outlined, with an entire absence of that coarse shading which so greatly detracts from the beauty of a picture and the <illegible words> of the inferior operator whose name is 'legion.' Messrs. R. & Co. have the most modern approved instruments for taking from the smallest card to the largest portrait, as well as enlarging to any required size. They are, moreover, very polite and obliging gentlemen." The Daily Bee (Portland); 18 December 1879, pg. 1 col. 8.
1881: "Mr H. H. Brodeck, who went to Alaska three months ago for the purpose of taking photographic views of noteworthy points in the country for the Northwestern Commercial Company, returned on the California this week, and came to Tacoma last Wednesday evening. Mr. Brodeck visited every available section of the country, and came back delighted with his trip.
The Chilcat Indian village was visited by Mr. Brodeck, whither he went to obtain photographs of some remarkable carded statuary in possession of these people. He found clans at war, in which several men and women on both sides lost their lives.
The Placer mines in the Harrisburg district are yielding well, many claims paying as high as $10 and $12 per day to the hand. The quartz mines are not sufficiently developed to determine their value.
Elsewhere will be found the proceedings of a public meeting, held on the 4th inst., by the residents of Harrisburg mining district, for a copy of which the Ledger is indebted to Mr. Brodeck." Weekly Ledger, (Tacoma WA) 22 July 1881 pg. 3 col. 3 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1885: "Another Fire in Walla Walla. Last Friday evening Walla Walla was visited by another conflagration, which destroyed several buildings on Main street ... (list of victims and losses) ... H. H. Brodeck, $500, fully insured ..." East Oregonian (Pendleton) 18 August 1885, pg. 2, col. 2.
1886: "The funeral of the late H. H. Brodeck took place from the family residence, Sunday afternoon, under auspices of Integrity and Walla Walla lodges, A. O. U. W. Delegations from Columbia and Ivanhoe lodges, K. P., attended and there was a large assembly of other friends. The pall bearers were A. Goldman, James West T.C. Marum, A. L. Lorenzen, E. Bowden and M. D. Egbert. The services at the grave comprised portions of the A. O. U. W. and K. P. rites, and rites of the Hebrew church, performed by Jos. Bauer. Deceased was born in London, Eng., in 1847. When he was three years of age he came to this country with his parents and resided five or six years at Chicago and then nine years at Cincinnati. Here he began an apprenticeship in photography. Removing to San Francisco he became employed in photograph galleries, serving with Morse and for some time as chief operator for Bradley & Rulofson. Ten years ago he moved to Portland and after three years to Walla Walla, where he established and continued a successful photographing business till his demise. He had a genius for his profession and therein was an artist of first-class standing. He left a wife and three children, and these, his aged mother, and his brother, have the sympathy of very many friends." Walla Walla Daily Journal, 14, June 1886. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
Bibliography
Historical and Descriptive Review of the Industries of Walla Walla. Trade & Commerce Publishing Co., 1891 "J. R. CAUTHON (sic), Photographer, 27 East Main street. Mr. Cauthon, who succeeded the firm of Brodeck & Co. in the proprietorship of this well-known establishment... during his (Cawthon's) eighteen months' experience in Walla Walla..." (courtesy Michael Cirelli) (quoted fully under Cauthon in this book)
Sexton, Tom, "Double Takes, Stereographs of H. H. Brodeck", The Alaska Journal, Summer 1980, pg. 18-21. Excerpts: "Information about Brodeck himself is difficult to obtain. He was born in London, England, in 1847 and came to this country with his parents in 1850. They lived first in Chicago, then in Cincinnati. At an unknown date Brodeck moved to San Francisco where he worked for the Morse photographic gallery. Later he became an operator for Bradley & Rulofson, a major photographic supply house and the publisher of Eadweard Muybridge's Yosemite views in 1872. It is likely that Brodeck met Muybridge and was influenced by his flamboyant tales of his Alaska adventure. When Brodeck left Bradley & Rulofson sometime around 1876, he moved to Portland, Oregon, where he worked for a time at Buchtel & Stolte's gallery before moving on to Walla Walla and and opening his own gallery 'over Miss O'Rourke's millinery store." This was during the fall of 1878. Brodeck died in 1886; and it seems that his widow and later his brother Albert operated the business from 1886 until 1892."
Stereo World, July/August 1987, includes some biographical material about Brodeck.
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Brodeck, Henry Herman, (c. 1836- ) Photographer, born England; employed by Bayley & Winter (Wilbur Fisk Bayley and Robert Winter), 618 and 620 Washington Street, San Francisco (1869-1870)
Partner in Brodeck & Schroder (Henry Herman Brodeck and E. Schroder; also spelled Schroeder or Schnoder, etc.), Santa Clara Street, near Market Street, 'over Spring & Co's store', San Jose (1871)
By September 1871, had transferred his registration to San Francisco where he is thought to have worked for Bradley & Rulofson (Henry William Bradley and William Herman Rulofson) during the time that Eadweard James Muybridge's stereographs were being published by that firm (c. 1872-1875).
He was a partner in Marden & Brodeck (Robert A. Marden and Henry Herman Brodeck), 28 Third Street (1875), and in Brodeck & Company (Henry Herman Brodeck and W. Vallance Gray), 640 Market Street (opposite the Palace Hotel), San Francisco (1876).
Brodeck moved to Walla Walla, Washington Territory c. 1880, where he formed 'Northwest Trading Co', under which he produced about 100 stereographs of Alaska. This company went bankrupt in 1889.


Bronquist, Edward
Chronology
1904-1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD not listed
1903 PCD pg. 215 "Bronquist Edward, photog, res E Main nr E 42d"
1904 PCD pg. 238 "Bronquist Edward, photog, res E 42d, cor E Madison"
1905 PCD pg. 245 "Bronquist Edward, photog, res 1387 Mallory av."
1906 PCD pg. 245 "Bronquist Edward, photog, res 1387 Mallory av."
1907 PCD pg. 322 "Bronquist Edward, photog 1387 Mallory av, res same"
1909 PCD pg. 334 "Bronquist Edward, photog 1387 Mallory av, res same"
1910 PCD pg. 222 "Bronquist Edward, photgr h 1387 Mallory"
1911 PCD pg. 274 "Bronquist Edward, photog h 1387 Mallory av"
1913 PCD pg. 243 "Bronquist Edward, photog h 1387 Mallory av"
1914 PCD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 250 "Bronquist Edw (Alma) photgr h 1387 Mallory av"
1916 PCD pg. 251 "Bronquist Edward (Alma) photog h 1387 Mallory av"
1917 PCD not listed
1925 PCD Not listed


Brooks, S. F.
Chronology
LaGrande
Photographer's Imprints
"S. F. Brooks, LaGrande, Ore." cabinet card, printed front


Brooks, Thomas. G.
Chronology
1881 Astoria
Directory Listings
1880 Pacific Coast pg. 364: "Brooks, T. G. Portrait painter. Astoria"
1881 Ore pg. 507 Astoria "Brooks, Thomas & Co. photographers" "Brooks, T. G., portrait painter"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Thomas G. Brooks was in Shasta October 1874 - 1875. He was in Weaverville May - June 1876.


Broughman, H. T.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Oregon Stereographer, who did a few views in California, ca. 1900.


Brower, Clarence C.
Chronology
1880s Astoria
Directory Listings
1889 PCD pg. 823 Astoria section "Brower, Clarence C, prin Upper Astoria School, res Upper Astoria"
Artifacts
early stereo view of chinese funeral in Astoria, with ms annotation on back "by C. C. Brower"


Brown
Winter & Brown
Chronology
Eugene
Photographer's Imprints
"Winter Photo-Company, Eugene City, Oregon" on front of panel, which actually an overprint, underneath the photograph is an older imprint "Winter & Brown, Eugene, Org." on back: "Duplicates of this Photograph can be had at any time of Winter & Brown, Headquarters Over A. V. Peters' Store, Eugene City, Oregon, U. S. A. Photos Enlarged in Any Style and Satisfaction Guaranteed"


Brown, Arthur M.
Chronology
1891 Mill City
1891 Stayton
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 361 Mill City "Brown, A. M., photographer", pg. 579 Stayton "Brown, Arthur M., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Brown, A. M., Stayton"
Photographer's Imprints
A. M. Brown, Photographer, Stayton, Oregon" cabinet card, rubber stamp on back.

Brown, Bessie
Chronology
1914 Camas Valley
News Items and Advertisements
1914: "International Photographic Association...New Members... 3840-Bessie Brown, Camas Valley, Ore. Class 2" Camera Craft, Vol. XXI, No. 4, April 1914 pg. 199.


Brown, F. J.
Chronology
Salem
Photographer's Imprints
"F. J. Brown, 243 Commercial St., (Ground Floor) Salem, Oregon." cabinet card, imprinted front.


Brown, Harry C.
Chronology
1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD not listed
1914 PCD pg. 339 "Brown, Harry C salesman Fleckenstein Mayer Co r 408 Stark"
1915 PCD pg. 159 Angelus Commercial Photographic Co. H. C. Brown mngr, 602 Goodnough Bldg." pg. 254 "Brown, Harry C., mngr Angelus Commercial Photographic Co. r 408 Stark"
1916 PCD not listed
1918 PCD not listed

Brown, I. S.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Brown, I. S..."


Brown, James T.
Chronology
1895 Oregon City
1894-1925 Portland
Directory Listings
1894 PCD pg. 221 "Brown, James T, photographer, bds E 33d s Hawthorne av."
1895 PCD pg. 193 "Brown, James T., photographers s w Park View, res nr E 35th"
1896 PCD pg. 187 "Brown, James T., photographer, res E 33d 4 blks n Division"
1897 PCD pg. 184 "Brown, James T, photog G L Eastman, res 140 E 34th"
1898 PCD pg. 187 "Brown, James T, photo finisher E W Moore, res s s Taggart, bet Habersham and Tabor avs.
1899 PCD pg. 192 "Brown, James T, printer E W Elbridge (sic), res 1196 Taggart"
1900 PCD pg. 198 "Brown, James T, printer E W Moore, res 1196 Taggart."
1901 PCD pg. 173 "Brown, James photographer, 246 1/2 Alder, res same"
1901 POWA pg. 289 Portland "Brown, James, photographer, 264 1/2 Alder"
1902 PCD pg. 220 "Brown, James T, photog, res 1196 Taggart."
1903 PCD pg. 218 "Brown, James, photog 227 1/2 Washington, rms same"
1904 PCD pg. 241 "Brown, James, photog, 227 1/2 Washington, rms same"
1905 PCD pg. 249 "Brown, James, photog 227 1/2 Washington, rms same"
1906 PCD pg. 249 "Brown, James, photog 227 1/2 Washington, rms same"
1907 PCD pg. 327 "Brown, James, photog 227 1/2 Washington, res 962 Union av N."
1909 PCD pg. 339 "Brown, James, photog 75 Labbe bldg, res 962 Union av N."
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Brown, James, 75 Labbe Bldg."
1910 PCD pg. 226 "Brown, Jas photgr 75 Labbe bldg, h 962 Union av N"
1911 PCD pg. 280 "Brown, Jas photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1912 PCD pg. 285 "Brown, Jas photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1913 PCD pg. 209 "Brown, Jas photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1914 PCD pg. 340 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Brown, James, Labbe Bldg Main 6221"
1915 PCD pg. 254 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) photgr 414 Labbe Bldg h 962 Union av"
1916 PCD pg. 256 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1917 PCD pg. 209 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) photgr 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union av N"
1917 PJD not listed
1918 PCD pg. 223 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) phtgr 414 Labee bldg h 962 Union av N"
1925 PCD pg. 362 "Brown, Jas (Nellie C) photog 414 Labbe bldg h 962 Union Av N"
Mautz Oregon "Brown, J. T. 1895, Oregon City"
Photographer's Imprints
"Jas. T. Brown, Oregon City, Or."
"James Brown, Photographer, Kodak Views Developed and Printed. Oregon Phone, Hood 1686, Labbe Bldg., 227 1/2 Washington St., Between First and Second, Portland, Oregon" printed return address on envelope (also seen are similar envelopes with the same address but phone no. is Main 6221)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) p. 52.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Brown, Jas. A (sic)---Portland, Ore..."


Brown, Jeddy
Chronology
1891 Fossil
Many 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" contact print views of Fossil have turned up. These are probably Jeddy Brown's work. There is a double print panorama birds-eye view of Fossil. There are also studio prints showing a crude but effective interior, with pull-up backdrops of painted scenery. The author has never seen a print with Brown's imprint on it, nor any Fossil views with the photographer identified. Generally speaking, these prints are fading badly now, an indication of inadequate washing.
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 261 Fossil "Brown, J., photographer" pg.1831 Photographers "Brown, Jeddy, Fossil Or"
News Items and Advertisements
1891: "Married - on Wednesday, February 25th, at the Fossil hotel, Jeddy Brown, photographer, to Maggie, eldest daughter of W. W. Kennedy, merchant, Condon, Or." Wasco County Sun (The Dalles), (from Fossil Journal) 4 March 1891


Brown, Nellie, Mrs.
Chronology
1915 Vale
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1493 photographers "Brown, Nellie, Mrs., Vale O"


Brown, Siddy
Chronology
1886 Mitchell
Directory Listings
1886 POWI pg. 244 Mitchell "Brown, Siddy, photographer"


Browning, A. D.
Chronology
1917 Crane
Harriman
A. D. Browning owned a sign painting business in Crane, Oregon, near Burns in Harney county. Browning did lettering for metal road signs, bill boards, wall displays and automobiles. Browning also produced a large number of real photo post cards of scenic views of the area, commercial and school photography and portraits. The Harney County Historical Society has many Browning cards. The Harney County Library has several Browning cards advertising the sign painting business.
Photographer's Imprints
"A. D. Browning Photo" signed in negative, real photo post card.
"Browning, Harriman, Ore" signed in negative, real photo post card.
"Metal Road Signs painted with your design. (size and price list) ... Wall Display Advertising 5c to 8c per sq. ft. according to size, color, and design. Special care given pictorial designs. Actual photo of work sent when completed. A. D. Browning Signs, Crane, Oregon." image on real photo postcard, a promotional item made by Browning (Harney Co. public library collection)
"Honor Guard Girls. Burns, Ore. July 5 - 17. Browning photo #5". captioned in negative on real photo postcard showing a parade.


Browning, Flora H., Mrs.
Browning, George W.
Browning Photo Gallery
Chronology
1895-1908 Portland
1911 Newberg
Judging by the quantity of surviving prints, Mrs. Browning was a very popular photographer. In particular she was successful in baby photography.
Employee Listings
Hicks, Lucius J., photographer 1896-1898
Jensen, Andrew retoucher printer 1906-1907
Blackwood, Edward C. printer 1904
Hooker, Caddie G. retoucher 1904-1906
Directory Listings
1880 PD pg. 82 "Browning, Geo., stationery 57 Morrison
1881 PD not listed
1882 GD pg. 112 "Browning, George W., stationery and fancy goods, 52 Morrison s s bet Second and Third, res 54 Seventh e s bet Oak and Pine."
1883 GD pg. 91 "Browning, Geo. W., stationery, 52 Morrison, res Jefferson bet Third and Fourth"
1884 GD pg. 94 "Browning, Geo. W., stationer and confectioner, 52 Morrison, res 66 Jefferson."
1885 PCD pg. 132 "Browning, George W., stationery and confectionery, 52 Morrison, res 66 Jefferson"
1886 PCD pg. 140 "Browning, George W., Stationery and Confectionery, 52 Morrison, res 66 Jefferson"
1887 PCD pg. 149 "Browning, George W., books, stationery, etc 52 Morrison, res 66 Jefferson"
1888 PCD pg. 169 "Browning, Mrs G W retoucher B C Towne res 66 Jefferson"; "Browning, George W., books and stationery 52 Morrison, res 66 Jefferson"
1889 PCD pg. 172 "Browning, Mrs G W artist B C Towne res 66 Jefferson"; "Browning, George W., books and stationery 52 Morrison, res 68 7th"
1890 PCD pg. 166 "Browning, George W., books and stationery, 52 Morrison, res 68 7th"
1891 PCD pg. 202 "Browning, George W., books and stationer, 52 Morrison, res 68 7th"
1892 PCD pg. 288 "Browning, George W,teamster H D Schmeitzer, bds Depot Hotel"
1893 PCD pg. 273 "Browning, George W, real est, rms 249 Jefferson"
1894 PCD pg. 222 "Browning, George W, res 249 Jefferson"
1895 PCD pg. 195 "Browning, Mrs. Flora H, Mngr San Francisco Photo Gallery 167 1/2 1st, res 235 1st"; "Browning, George W, res 235 12th"; pg. 624 "San Francisco Photograph Gallery, Mrs. F H Browning mngr, 167 1/2 1st"
1896 PCD pg. 188 "Browning, Mrs. F H, Prop The Browning Photo Gallery 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, Mrs F H Browning, res 412 Alder."; "Browning Photo Gallery, Mrs. F H Browning Prop 167 1/2 1st" plus display ad quoted below.
1897 PCD pg. 186 "Browning, Mrs. F H, Prop The Browning Photo Gallery 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, Mrs F H Browning, res 412 Alder."; "Browning Photo Gallery, Mrs. F H Browning Prop 167 1/2 1st" plus display ad quoted below.
1898 PCD pg. 189 "Browning, Mrs. F H, Prop The Browning Photo Gallery 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, Mrs F H Browning, res 412 Alder."; "Browning Photo Gallery, Mrs. F H Browning Prop 167 1/2 1st" plus display ad quoted below
1899 EO & P pg. 44, Portland Photographers "Browning Photo Gallery, 167 1/2 First"
1899 PCD pg. 192 "Browning, Mrs. F H, Prop The Browning Photo Gallery 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, Mrs F H Browning, res 412 Alder."; "Browning Photo Gallery, Mrs. F H Browning Prop 167 1/2 1st" plus display ad quoted below.
1900 PCD pg. 200 "Browning, Mrs. F H, photographer 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, Mrs F H Browning, res 412 Alder." plus display ad quoted below.
1901 POWA pg. 284 Portland "Browning, Mrs. Flora H., photographer, 167 1/2 1st"
1901 PCD pg. 175 "Browning, Mrs Flora H, photographer 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer F H Browning, res 412 Alder"
1902 PCD pg. 223 "Browning, Mrs Flora H, photog 167 1/2 1st, res 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, photographer, res 412 Alder"
1903 PCD pg. 220 "Browning, Mrs Flora H, photog 167 1/2 1st, rms 412 Alder"; "Browning, George W, clk Reierson Machy Co, rms 154 Front"
1904 PCD pg. 243 "Browning, Mrs. Flora H., photog 167 1/2 1st, res same"
1905 PCD pg. 252 "Browning, Mrs. Flora H, photog 167 1/2 Front, res same"; "Browning, George W, rms 167 1/2 1st"
1906 PCD pg. 252 "Browning, Mrs. Flora H., photog 167 1/2 1st, res same", "Browning, George W., res 167 1/2 1st"
1907 PCD pg. 330 "Browning, Mrs. Flora H, photog 167 1/2 1st, res same"
1909-1910 PCD not listed
1911 POW pg. 245 Newberg "Browning, Mrs. Flora H., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Browning, 1895, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Browning, 167 1/2 First Street, Portland Or." blind stamp on front of card mount
"Browning, 167 1/2 First St. betw. Morrison & Yamhill, Portland, Or." cabinet card, embossed front.
"Browning, Portland, Or." printed front 3 3/4" square card mount, with ms. date June 20, 1897.
"Browning, 167 1/2 First Street, Portland Or." printed front of mount, 8x10 print of parade in Portland
Special Papers
Letter to James J. Hall from A. Jensen, on Letterhead of Browning Photo Studio, 8 July 1907 "Friend Hall, You wrote about a crayon of Ingle's baby, I haven't got any baby pictures from you to be enlarged. The only one I had was of the man that I sent with the plates last week and one I got Saturday of an old lady.
I met with Mr. Anderson on the street this afternoon. He said they were all packed up. They are here in town. He is undecided about going to Glendale. He said he could get a job from Ladd and Tilton at $100.00 per mo.. I told him to take job and let Glendale go. Wouldn't you? and let the people at Glendale go to h---. They will only give him $100.00 a year. That would be no better than Woodburn.
He is going to see about the job tomorrow, and will come in to see me tomorrow night. I carry mail in the daytime and work at Mrs. Browning's after I am through. She got another man last Monday but he was no good so she fired him. She will try to get along with what I can help. I got your $5.00. The last lot I sent up was $1.00 for the crayon, 45 for cards, and I figure the retouching at $2.00. This time retouching $1.00.
You got some money from Anderson. Do you want to use it, or do you want to let me have enough to pay up my land?
I will take the plates to the depot tonight. That is the only place open after 6. <signed> A. Jensen." (Hall family papers, courtesy Jeffry Uecker)
<Letterhead Imprint> "FINEST PHOTOS IN THE CITY. ALL WORK FIRST-CLASS. CRAYON AND WATER COLORS A SPECIALTY. BROWNING PHOTO STUDIO. MRS. F. H. BROWNING. 167 1/2 FIRST STREET, BETWEEN MORRISON AND YAMHILL. PHONE RED 2887. PORTLAND, OREGON, ________190__."
News Items and Advertisements
1896: "Finest Photos in the City. Crayon and Water Colors a Specialty. All Work First Class. San Francisco Gallery Mrs. F. H. Browning, successor to the B. C. Towne Photo Co, 167 1/2 First Street, bet Morrison and Yamhill, Portland, Oregon." Portland City Directory 1895, Portland; Polk 1895 pg. 625
1896: "Finest Photos in the city. Crayon and Water Colors a Specialty. THE BROWNING PHOTO GALLERY. 167 1/2 FIRST STREET, Bet Morrison and Yamhill Sts, Portland, Or. Mrs. F. H. Browning, All Work First Class." Portland City Directory 1896, Portland; Polk 1896 (same ad appears 1896 through 1900)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 45, 52


Brunn, C. D., Mrs.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Brunn, Mrs. C. D..."


Bryant, George Archibald (1879-1959)
Pacific Art Studio
Chronology
San Francisco
1907 Portland
1907-1919 Forest Grove
Bryant's studio was destroyed by fire on 20 July 1919.
Directory Listings
1909 POW Forest Grove pg. 157 "Bryant, Archibald, photographer"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Bryant, G. A., Forest Grove O"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Bryant, G. A., Forest Grove O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Pacific, Forest Grove, Or." blind stamp on mount. Train wreck of 11 February 1908 3/4 mile west of Forest Grove depot. (WCM)
"First National Bank, Forest Grove, Oregon. New Year's Greetings 1914" printed on face, "Bryant Photo" in negative, back lists officers of bank refereed to in news items below.
News Items and Advertisements
1907: "The many friends of Archie Bryant will be glad to hear that he has purchased the photograph gallery of E. F. Siefert and will put in a high grade lense which he used in San Francisco in one of the biggest galleries in the Golden Gate city. He will also put in new screens and backgrounds and will have the peer of any studio west of Portland. Mr. Bryant is well known in this city, having received his education here and is a popular, jolly good fellow, which together with his artistic ability ought to insure him a good business. Miss Lilly who has been in the employ of Mr. Siefert will continue to work in the gallery. Mr. Bryant will take charge in person after August 1." Washington County News, 18 July 1907
1907: "Archie Bryant and L. L. Hollinger lhave strung a sign across Main street, emblematic of their respective businesses." Washington County News, (Forest Grove) 7 November 1907.
1907: "Archie Bryant, the photographer, was in Carlton last week and did a big business at the big mill there. He took photos of the machinery and many other scenes of which he had a big sale." Washington County News, (Forest Grove) 28 November 1907.
1908: "Archie Bryant, proprietor of the Pacific Art Studio, has placed a case of pictures at the corner of Main Street and First avenue south. It contains a lot of pictures which for excellency could not be beaten in a large city." Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 9 January 1908 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1908: "Special Offer. For a limited time I will make one dozen cabinet photos including one 8x10 carbon enlargement all for $3.50. Only a few days left for you to take advantage of this offer. Pacific Art Studio, Archie Bryant, Prop." Washington County News, 20 February 1908 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1908: "ARCHIE BRYANT- Was born in this county, at Gaston, June, 1879. Soon after his parents moved to Forest Grove, where he grew to manhood and received his education. He attended the public schools and Pacific University. After finishing school he went to San Francisco where he learned the art of the Photograph business and after spending several years there he came north and was in Portland and Eastern Washington prior to his coming to Forest Grove in July, 1907, when he bought out a studio here and has built up a good business. Without question Mr. Bryant is one of the best Photographers in this part of the country; he is reliable, strictly up to date and knows his business from A to Z. Most of the pictures that appear in this edition are the work of Mr. Bryant." Washington County News, (Board of Trade Supplement) (Forest Grove) April, 1908, includes portrait. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1908: "Pacific Art Studio, Is better prepared than ever to turn out first-class work. New scenery, new equipments, and everything up-to-date. Archie Bryant, Prop." Forest Grove Times, 16 July 1908. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1908: "BRYANT WON SECOND PRIZE- FOREST GROVE PHOTOGRAPHER HONORED BY PACIFIC NORTHWEST ASSN. Word was received by The News last night announcing the fact that Archie Bryant, our photographer, received second prize on his pictures exhibited at the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest which is being held in Vancouver this week. Mr. Bryant prepared five subjects for be exhibited.
This honor earned by Archie puts him in the top notch class of photographers of the entire Northwest, which includes Idaho, Washington, Oregon and British Columbia. Exhibits from all the largest cities in this territory, including such cities as Seattle, Tacoma, Spokane, Portland, Boise, Vancouver, B. C., and many other smaller towns, were made.
Mr. Bryant is a Washington county boy, having been born at Gaston in 1879. He learned his business in San Francisco and has conducted studios in several of the large cities. This is a well earned distinction that he should be proud of. His many friends are glad to learn of his marked success." Washington County News, (Forest Grove) 20 August, 1908, includes portrait (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1908: "(At the eighth annual convention of the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest in Vancouver) Awards were made as follows... Archie Bryant, of Forest Grove, Or., second prize, class four..." Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 20 Aug 1908 Sec. 2, pg. 2, col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1908: "Eighth Annual Convention of the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest... was called to order Tuesday, April 18th, at 2 p. m. ... Salon awards ... Second to Bryant, of Forest Grove, and Certificates of Merit to ... Bryant..." Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 10, October, 1908. pg. 377-384.
1909: "ARCHIE BRYANT, WASHINGTON COUNTY'S LEADING PHOTOGRAPHER, Forest Grove, Oregon. Phone Ind. 121, North Main Street. You are invited to visit our Studio and see what we have done for others. If we can't please you we don't want your money. 'Photographs of anything, anywhere, any time'. All Photographs in this book were made by Bryant." Heart of Oak, (Forest Grove, Pacific University Yearbook) 1909. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1913: "DON'T have Your Photos Made Before BRYANT THE PHOTOGRAPHER Opens His Studio Over the Book Store." Forest Grove Press, 23 October 1913 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1914: "People 3000 Strong Attend Bank Opening... (account of grand opening of First National Bank in Forest Grove) ... and 1000 photos of the bank made by Archie Bryant were given out ..." Forest Grove Press, 8 January 1914 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1915: "THIEVES BREAK IN AND STEAL PHOTO SUPPLIES FRIDAY.
On Friday night of last week, a robber, or robbers, forced their way into Archie Bryant's Photo Studio in this city by placing a ladder at a rear window, entering the photo gallery and robbing it of some very costly instruments, footing up several hundred dollars, as well as taking a lot of valuable photo supplies.
Among the stolen instruments are: One Woolensak (sic) portrait lens 8x10 inches, value $155.00; one Goertz Dagor lens, series 3, No. 4, value $100; one view camera 6 1-2x8 1-2 inches, value $65; one Baeer wide angle lens, 6 1-2x8 1-2 inches, value $35. The marauders also took with them plates, chemicals, expensive papers, etc., which will make Mr. Bryant's loss run up to several hundred dollars. In fact the robbery completely put him out of business until he could go to Portland and secure other equipment which he did at once and is now better than ever prepared for the high grade work that he is doing.
Sheriff Reeves was notified of the robbery and at once got busy on the case. The authorities at Portland, Spokane and Seattle have been informed of the robbery and will be on the lookout for any suspicious characters trying to dispose of any of the above articles.
No clue has yet been obtained as to the identity of the thieves, but Mr. Bryant suspicions a strange fellow who recently visited his gallery looking for work.
The loss is a very heavy one for Mr. Bryant as it caused him to buy an entirely new equipment." News-Times, 1 April 1915 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1917: "Keep the happy memory of school days for all time. Your graduation portraits and those of your classmates - precious to you now - will be priceless in the years to come. We are exhibiting new and attractive styles of school pictures that will make the most appropriate gifts and which are priced consistently. Bryant's Studio, Residence Phone 412, Office Phone 476 Makers Of The Photos In This Annual." Optimist, (Forest Grove, high school year-book) 1917. (same ad in 1918) (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "The Photos in This Annual Were Made at-- Bryant's Studio, Forest Grove, Ore. Office Phone 476. Films Developed and Printed." Optimist, (Forest Grove, high school year-book) 1919. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "HOLOCAUST OF FLAME SWEEPS CITY SUNDAY... the two-story frame building owned by Dr. C. L. Large and occupied on the first floor by K. N. Staehr's Music Store and upstairs by Archie Bryant's photograph gallery, was soon leveled... Fire Losses...Two story building occupied by K. N. Staehr's Music store on first floor, Archie Bryant's photo gallery on second floor. Total loss on building. Part of contents saved. Building loss $1200. Mr. Bryant estimates his loss at $1000 or more, with some insurance. " Washington County News-Times (Forest Grove) 24 July 1919. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "FOREST GROVE HIT BY CONFLAGRATION... Many Buildings Burn... Two-story building owned by Dr. Charles Lester Large, occupied by K. N. Staehr's music store and Archibald Bryant's photograph gallery. Bryant's instruments and stock were a total loss, $1,000..." Oregonian, 21 July 1919 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1959: "ARCHIE BRYANT- George Archie Bryant, 79, a native of the Gaston community and a former longtime resident here, died suddenly in Eugene Tuesday where he had been making his home in recent years.
Funeral services will be held at Eugene Friday morning with Graveside services and interment to be held at 3 p. m. Friday at the family plot at the Forest View cemetery.
Archie Bryant was born near Gaston in 1879 the son of Hale D. and Florence Bryant in the same house where his mother was born. His grandparents were pioneer settlers of the 1840's and homesteaded in the Gaston area.
Surviving is his widow, Mrs. Emma Bryant, Eugene; two daughters, Mrs. Florence Parker, Sacramento; Mrs. Dorothy Gary, Portland; and two sons, Forrest Bryant; Orinda, California and Victor Bryant, Eugene; a granddaughter, Mrs. George McClelland, Arlington, Virginia; one brother, Claud Bryant, Corvallis and Mrs. Mable Meresse, Corvallis.
Bryant operated a photography studio here between 1912-1919 and also worked in the McCormick hall at Pacific university as a chef for many years. Mrs. Bryant is a former county school superintendent." News-Times, (Forest Grove) 5 February 1959 (courtesy Eric Stewart)


Bryson, W. R.
McClanahan & Bryson
Chronology
1890? Eugene
Directory Listings
1910 Lane County: not listed
Mautz Oregon "McClanahan, E. J., & Bryson, W. R., 1890, Eugene"
Bibliography
Unpublished research notes of Glenn Mason indicate McClanahan & Bryson (E. J. McClanahan, W. R. Bryson) were a photography studio partnership in Eugene in the 1890's. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)


Buchtel, Albert Z. (1857-1880)
Chronology
1878-1880 Portland
Photographic Career
Son of Joseph Buchtel. Born on August 5, 1857, died at age 23, August 11, 1880. He attended business college in Portland.
Directory Listings
1877 PD not listed
1878 PD pg. 70 "Buchtel, Albert, photograph printer res E. Portland" pg. 189 East Portland "Buchtel, Albert, photographer, res e s Twelfth bet F and G"
1879 PD pg. 79 "Buchtel, A., photographer, (Buchtel & Stolte,) res E. Portland" pg. 219 East Portland "Buchtel, Albert, photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1880 PD pg. 83 "Buchtel, Albert, photographer, res cor 12th & G, East Portland"; pg. 261 East Portland "Buchtel, Albert, photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
News Items and Advertisements
1880: "DEATH OF A. Z. BUCHTEL.- About 10:30 o'clock yesterday forenoon, Albert Zeiber Buchtel, son of Joseph Buchtel, present sheriff of Multnomah county, died quite suddenly at the residence of his father in East Portland of rheumatism of the heart. The deceased was 23 years of age. The young man had been complaining for some time of not feeling well, but nothing serious was apprehended. For the past three days Albert had not left the house. He was walking about up to a few minutes before the attack which soon terminated his existence. Albert was a bright, manly young fellow, very kind and attentive to his parents, and greatly liked by all his acquaintances. The sudden and unexpected death of one so young and promising will cause a pang of sorrow in many a heart. The bereaved parents have the sincere sympathy of a large circle of friends and acquaintances in this their hour of sadness. Oregonian, 12 August 1880, pg. 3, col. 1.
1880: "FUNERAL.- All that was mortal of the late Albert Z. Buchtel, was consigned to the grave yesterday. The funeral took place from the residence of Mr. Joseph Buchtel in East Portland, and was very largely attended." Oregonian, 14 August 1880 pg. 3 col. 1.
Gaston, The Centennial History of Oregon,(Chicago; S. J. Clark 1912) pg. 972, col. 1


Buchtel, Frank S. ( -1901)
Chronology
1881- 1883 Portland
Directory Listings
1880 PCD not listed
1881 Ore pg. 276 Portland"Buchtel, Frank, photographer, res east Portland"
1881-1882 PCD not listed
1883 GD pg. 325 East Portland: "Buchtel, Frank, photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1884 GD not listed
1885 PD not listed
1886 PCD pg. 142 "Buchtel, Frank, porter Charles Kohn & Co, res E P" <ed note- Kohn was on the first floor of Joseph Buchtel's studio>, pg. 486 East Portland "Buchtel, Frank, clk bds s e cor 12th and F."
1887 PCD not listed
1888 PCD pg. 572 "Buchtel, Frank S., constable L s e cor 4th, bds cor 12th and F."
1889 PCD pg. 174 "Buchtel, Frank S., clk Charles Kohn & Co., res E. P."; pg. 630 "Buchtel, Frank S, clerk, bds 958 958 12th"
1890 PCD pg. 167 "Buchtel, Frank, porter Charles Kohn & Co, res E P", pg. 562 East Portland "Buchtel, Frank S, clk, bds 958 12th"
1891 PCD pg. 656 East Portland "Buchtel, Frank S. (Kerns, Buchtel & Co), bds 958 12th" <ed note- firm was his father's real estate company>
1892 PCD pg. 293 "Buchtel, Frank, res E 12th s e cor E Burnside"
1893 PCD pg. 276 "Buchtel, Frank, City License Officer, res 254 E 34th"
1894 PCD pg. 225 "Buchtel, Frank, license officer, res E 30t s e cor E Oak"
1895 PCD pg. 198 "Buchtel, Frank, license officer 16 E 6th N"
1896 PCD pg. 191 "Buchtel, Frank S, license officer, bds 16 E 6th N"
1897 PCD pg. 188 "Buchtel, Frank S, dep sheriff, bds 16 E 6th N"
1898 PCD pg. 191 "Buchtel, Frank, coll Star Brewery, bds 16 E 6th N"
1899 PCD pg. 195 "Buchtel, Frank, coll Star Brewery, bds 16 E 6th N"
1900 PCD pg. 202 "Buchtel, Frank, coll Star Brewery, bds 16 E 6th N"
1901 PCD not listed
News Items and Advertisements
1900: "F. S. Buchtel, of Portland, is making his usual monthly visit to Astoria." The Morning Astorian, 4 January 1900, pg. 3, col. 1"
Bibliography
Gaston, Centennial History of Oregon (Chicago; S. J. Clark 1912) pg. 972, col. 1. "Frank S., who received a business education and was in the police department of the city of Portland, died May 8, 1901."


Buchtel, Joseph (1830-1916)
Buchtel & Cardwell
Holland & Buchtel
Buchtel & Stolte
Chronology
1851-1852 Urbana, Illinois
1853- 1880 Portland
Photographic Career
The contemporary pronunciation of his name is "Buck-tel"
Joseph Buchtel learned daguerreotyping in Urbana, Illinois. An early diary indicates that he worked as a tailor through July 1851, the last surviving page of his diary. Buchtel's official biographies claim he was a photographer in Urbana for six months between 1851-1852. Buchtel emigrated to Oregon in 1852, leaving Urbana 23 April and arriving in Portland 27 September. During his first four winters he worked as a steward on riverboats. In the summer the river was too low to operate boats, and he used this time for daguerreotyping.
Buchtel began his photographic carreer in Portland in 1853. Leland H. Wakefield owned a daguerreotype studio in the Canton House on Front street in Portland. Buchtel bought this business, although it is difficult to establish exactly when the transaction occurred. Wakefield advertised from 28 May until 11 June, claiming that he would be operating until the end of June. Photographer Hendee moved into the gallery on 16 July. Buchtel was later quoted as saying that he made daguerreotypes in Portland before Hendee; Buchtel in the spring of 1853, and Hendee in the fall, both at the Canton House. Possible explanations are that Buchtel bought the business after Wakefield's advertisement had been contracted, or that Buchtel was an employee. Wakefield was already busy with a full time job in Albany; he was the senior partner in one of Oregon's largest wholesale dry-goods and hardware dealerships. There is, however, evidence that Wakefield did at least some portrait sittings. The author has examined a daguerreotype portrait annotated and dated May 21, 1853 "taken by Mr. Wakefield." The portrait is of Miss Abbie Clark, who is a reliable source. She actually married daguerreotyper Byron Cardwell three years later, and Cardwell became Buchtel's business partner in 1859.
Examples of Buchtel's work made during his first year are rare, because daguerreotypists did not sign or imprint their work. The well known daguerreotypes of Front Street, Portland, were claimed by Buchtel in an authorized biography in 1912. At least one of these original daguerreotypes survive, as well as early daguerreotype copies of the original. These dags were produced by someone who had a reversing prism on their camera lens, since the daguerreotype process produces a mirror-image of the camera subject. Another view by Buchtel, taken one year later, indicates he did possess such a prism. The dates usually quoted for these daguerreotypes are 1852 and 1853. More research needs to be done to compare the buildings, etc., with early records to determine the exact time the picture could have been made. A letter describing the circumstances of the photographing of these daguerreotypes was published about 60 years ago in a local newspaper, according to several persons who have read a clipping of it. However the author has been unable to locate this item as yet.
A final note to the interesting story of these daguerreotypes is where they have been in the last 140 years. Buchtel himself showed them to the editors of the Oregonian in 1865, along with new pictures shot from the same positions; even though only a dozen years had elapsed the pictures were antique to their eyes. In 1892, after Buchtel had sold his studio, one belonged to John M. Breck, who loaned it for reproduction to the Oregonian. In 1911 it was provided to Sowell to make the copy used in Gaston's book. Sowell kept the daguerreotype and it did not reappear until the death of his business successor, Leo Simon, in 1978.
Over the summer of 1853, Buchtel toured Oregon with his portable daguerreotype gallery, working in Portland, Astoria, Oregon City, Lafyette, and Canemah. In the winter he worked as a steward on river boats.
Working the river was a dangerous occupation. On 11 April 1854, the ship Gazelle's boiler exploded while moored directly next to the ship Willamette. 20 people were instantly killed and many others were injured. Buchtel was on the deck of the Willamette at the moment of explosion, and quickly pulled 8 people out of the river. Over Buchtel's career he is credited with rescuing over 40 persons by risking his own life.
On 17 June 1854 Buchtel announced he was Daguerreotyping in the Canton House. The accompanying item in the Oregonian made it clear his stay in Portland would be short. He did produce a bird's-eye view of Portland, shot from the studio window. From the vantage point of Front and Washington, the image shows almost all of Portland at the time. It is unfortunate that only engravings of this original daguerreotype now survive. Photo copies were made in the 1890's, but none can be found by this author.
Buchtel later claimed he introduced wet plate negatives and photographs to Portland in 1855. However a careful reading of the newspapers does not provide collaboration of this important milestone. He did continue to offer daguerreotypes throughout the 1850's. Buchtel was the only Portland daguerreotypist mentioned in a state-wide list of merchants and businesses, contained in the 1857 Oregon and Washington Almanac. By this time Buchtel was the leading daguerreotype artist in northwest Oregon. Because photographers did not mark their work until the 1860's, we have only one daguerreotype portrait which carries identification as being from the hand of Buchtel. The portrait of Mrs. Handlock and children, taken in Portland in 1856, is one of the richest, most contrasty daguerreotypes in the Oregon Historical Society's collection of over a hundred similar quarter plate portraits.
On 24 May 1857, Buchtel's name appears on the steamship arrival list from San Francisco. On 13 June Buchtel & Holland advertised their studio was open, once again on the top floor of the Canton house. This was the same week the Post office moved into the second floor, which may have improved his walk-in traffic. Buchtel & Holland offered daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, melianotypes, photographs, and to do on-location shooting of landscapes and buildings, and instruction in photography. The studio was intended to be permanent.
On 6 February 1858, Buchtel & Holland announced their move to Oregon City, located over Milwain's store.
In 1859, Buchtel moved back to Portland. His partner Holland relocated to a new address in Oregon City and formed a new partnership, Holland & Day.
In March 1859, Buchtel went to San Francisco to outfit his studio. He bought a camera from William Shew on March 29th and a solar camera (early enlarger) from W. H. Vance on April 1st. Buchtel arrived back in Portland from San Francisco on 6 April 1859.
By May, 1859, Buchtel had announced his new photography partnership with Byron P. Cardwell (Buchtel & Cardwell). Byron was 26 years old and had moved to Corvallis in 1852 with eight brothers and sisters. While there, Byron had learned photography from his uncle Hamilton Campbell, a traveling daguerreotypist. Buchtel would have known Campbell well, having worked on his boat, the Canemah, in 1853. In 1859, Campbell moved to San Francisco to be a photographer, and this may be connected with Byron Cardwell's move to Portland. Buchtel and Cardwell continued a relationship with Hamilton Campbell after his move to San Francisco, purchasing cameras and photographic supplies through him. Buchtel and Cardwell moved into Shelby's brick building, a structure that had been completed in November 1856.
In October 1861, Joseph Buchtel personally organized the pavilion at the first Oregon State Fair. Buchtel & Cardwell (Byron) were awarded two diplomas, for 20 photographs and 20 ambrotypes. J. R. Cardwell & Buchtel received First Premium for an exhibit of native birds, mammals, and mineral specimens.
J. R. Cardwell, Byron's brother, was a dentist who shared the same building with the photography partnership. J. R. Cardwell was also a naturalist and amateur taxidermist. There is an abundance of evidence concerning his many scientific interests; he did primary research and published many reports on a wide variety of subjects. Buchtel included his collection of sea shells, a natural interest to someone who lived on a boat for four years. To judge from surviving accounts, the birds and mammals was one of the Fair's outstanding exhibits. After the Fair, the display became an advertised attraction inside their photograph gallery for the duration of their partnership. The gallery exhibit initially featured 20 animals and over 50 birds, plus a general collection including reptiles and mineral specimens. Featured, of course, were photographs and oil paintings.
Buchtel was a volunteer fireman and he ran for the position of First Assistant to the foreman of the Multnomah No. 2 fire engine company, and won the election on 6 February 1862. This was the first elected position he held.
September 25th 1862, Buchtel & Cardwell announced they had leased Kenyon's Salem gallery, just in time for the State Fair. Their enlarged version of the natural history exhibit again scored first premium, but they lost first premium on ambrotypes to Wiley Kenyon.
In mid October 1863, just after receiving awards for photographs at the third Oregon State Fair, Buchtel & Cardwell closed their Salem gallery. Around this time Byron Cardwell was appointed Assistant Assessor and Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Oregon. It appears that he sold his interest in the partnership to his brother the dentist, J. R. Cardwell.
Throughout November 1863, Buchtel successfully campaigned for office as Chief of the Fire Department. The election results of 8 December 1873 were 94 to 71 in favor of Buchtel. In the firemen's election, only firemen were eligible to vote, of which there were 167 voters.
In the fall of 1864 Buchtel ran for re-election as Fire Chief, of Chief Engineer as the position was called. He received the endorsement of the Oregonian on 21 November. The firemen elected Buchtel on 5 December, by a vote of 106 to 64. On 27 January 1865 the City Council fixed the annual salary of Chief Engineer at $500.
On 10 January 1865, the Oregonian noted that the Buchtel & Cardwell gallery had been sold. The buyer was identified on 3 March 1865, as F. Dalton. The studio had been remodeled, with several "operating" rooms, and the lead photographer was B & C veteran R. A. Desmond.
The sale of the studio was obviously to settle the dissolution of partnership, since Buchtel was still intent on being a photographer. The division of property in Buchtel and Cardwell's divorce must have been painful for Buchtel. Although the negatives went with Buchtel, Cardwell kept the natural history materials, except for the sea shells. Buchtel must have strongly felt the loss of Portland's first museum. The bird and mammal exhibit had become an important feature of their gallery. The collection was described by the Oregonian as the best in the state. On 9 February 1865 Buchtel took out an advertisement to buy rare specimens of Eagles, Ducks, and other species. He also devoted time to hunting over the next few months.
On 23 March 1865, A. B. Woodard announced that Joseph Buchtel was the designated operator at his Front street gallery, complete with a museum of birds, mammals, and sea shells, "the most beautiful in the State". On 19 April the Oregonian reviewed new views and stereos published by Buchtel. Included were a series on Oregon City and it's new Woolen Mill, and scenes from Astoria. Also mentioned were prints from Brink's painting of the shipwreck Industry. We again see the keen competition between Buchtel and the gallery he used to own; they had offered prints made from a sketch of the wreck on 22 March. J. W. Brink was a portrait painter whose studio was next door to the Woodard gallery, and he is mentioned again on 21 April as the person who "enlarged" a portrait of John Wilkes Booth which Buchtel offered for sale only 4 days after news of the assassination of Lincoln was received in Oregon.
A memorial parade for Lincoln was planned for the 26th, and Buchtel was one of the organizers. Buchtel was one of the few men in Oregon who actually knew Lincoln. 14 years earlier, Buchtel was a clerk in a dry goods store in Urbana, Illinois. One of the partners of the store was elected sheriff. Buchtel was put to work in the sheriff's office, becoming a deputy sheriff. Lincoln was a practicing attorney in the district at the time, and Buchtel related in his biographies they became acquainted during the time they shared in the courthouse working on trials. During the actual parade, Buchtel was a marshall and let the Aurora Colony brass band.
In late summer 1865, Buchtel continued his jobs as photographer and fire chief. His series of images for sale occupied more of his attention. Buchtel advertised Oregon views and stereoscopic cards of scenery from Astoria to Idaho for sale. On 25 July Buchtel offered photographic copies of a map of the Owyhee region. On 8 September he again took first premium at the State Fair for Ambrotypes, and his stuffed bird cabinet was also awarded a premium.
On 25 September, 1865, Buchtel advertised that he was still taking pictures at Woodard's gallery, but the tone of the text indicates he had taken over the gallery. Woodard had left Portland for a photographing expedition in Eastern Oregon and Idaho.
The Oregonian of 6 November 1865 reported that Buchtel was contracted to photograph Fort Vancouver for the Army in Washington, D. C. Noted was a twelve section panorama of the garrison. This is the earliest recorded panorama to be taken by an Oregon photographer, several years before Watkin's first series.
November-December 1865 was election time for the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department. Buchtel's advertised his candidacy on 9 November. Buchtel, given the advantage of being incumbent, still had a hotly contested election. The day before the election the Oregonian noted his accomplishments and gave him an endorsement. When the votes were counted on 7 December, Buchtel lost by 94 to 71. Buchtel conceded the defeat gracefully that afternoon at firehouse No. 3, as the Oregonian reporter noted, giving his recommendation of his former opponent in a few well-pointed remarks. The fraternal manner towards the firemen led to a continued leadership role for Buchtel. Thomas Young, the new chief engineer, was badly burned at the beginning of one of Portland's largest fires, and Young personally gave control of the fire department to Buchtel on the spot.
On 8 January 1866, newspapers noted the return of A. B. Woodard and an account of his trip to Idaho. Two days later Buchtel advertised he had bought the gallery of A. B. Woodard, his former employer. Woodard opened a new gallery located at 107 Front street.
On 1 February 1866, the Firemen had their annual election for officers of each company, and Buchtel became First Assistant to the Engineer of Multnomah Company Number 2.
On 25 August 1866, Buchtel announced the opening of his "Pioneer Gallery" at the corner of Front and Morrison. Buchtel had actually been in operation for almost a year here, this may have been just a remodeling. Buchtel hired a photographer from Paris, Policarpo Bagnasco, who had worked in San Francisco. Policarpo became quite useful during the opening week, when Buchtel sprained an ankle during a baseball game and was confined to his home. Buchtel had organized the Pioneer Baseball Club on 2 June 1865, and games were on Friday nights and weekends.
In October, 1866, Buchtel entered his Sun Pearls into the State Fair and won a first premium. At this time he was being subjected to a vindictive advertising campaign from Ellsworth & Cardwell, who occupied the old Buchtel & Cardwell gallery in the Shelby building. J. R. Cardwell, the dentist, had gone through several business relationships with operator-photographers within the last year. In July, 1866, he had formed a new partnership with Frank Ellsworth.
In December, 1866, Cardwell & Ellsworth apparently came to a business agreement with Buchtel, and occupancy of the Shelby building gallery reverted to Buchtel. On December 13, Buchtel left Portland for San Francisco. Four days later the Oregonian carried notice that Cardwell & Ellsworth were going out of business effective January 1, 1867. The next day's edition announced that Buchtel's new Front and Morrison gallery, which was only 4 months old, had been leased by photographer W. R. Jones.
Buchtel returned from San Francisco in January, 1867, with new studio equipment and announced on 21 January that the Shelby building studio was open for business, with Buchtel as proprietor and operator. Oregonians heard nothing more of the French photographer, Bagnasco Policarpo.
In 1869, Buchtel moved 2 doors south of the Shelby building to 91 First street, and photographs made from this gallery say "new rooms" on the back.
In December 1872, Portland was burnt by a great fire leveling three downtown blocks. Fire Chief Archie Bryant named Buchtel as acting fire chief as soon as the fire was out of control. After the blaze was extinguished, Buchtel was witnessed by a reporter of the Oregonian photographing the ruins.
Buchtel began a partnership with E. H. Stolte, a confectioner, forming the partnership Buchtel & Stolte.
In 1873, Buchtel & Stolte became involved in a picture framing and retail sale business. Morse Palace of Art merchandised lithographs and decorations, to which they now added photographic prints. They made copy negatives and pirated CDV portraits of Joseph Meek and Captain Jack, this being before the days of copyright protection. Buchtel had been manufacturing CDV photo-copies for a similar art store, Shanahan & Dufrene, since the early 1860s. The new retail outlet offered an opportunity for vertical expansion, so Buchtel got busy updating his own image bank. In May, 1873, Buchtel & Stolte advertised a new viewing wagon. By July they exhibited a series of scenic views of Clatsop beach which were credited to Carl Bosco, who apparently was the cameraman of the mobile photography division.
On 18 August 1875, Buchtel & Stolte announced their new studio was open, having moved up First street to the corner of Morrison. Even though it was only several blocks down the street, it was before trucks and elevators were available to help them move their 12,000 glass negatives. Also announced was Buchtel & Stolte's purchase of Bosco & Megler's new photograph gallery. Buchtel's old friend and employee Carl Bosco had a photograph studio just several doors further down First street. It was only six months old, and was fitted with new cameras and supplies. Buchtel overprinted Bosco & Megler's old photograph mounts with a simple "Buchtel" signature, and used them for his own photographs. Bosco became the operator for Buchtel's new gallery.
By March 1876 they were exhibiting 300 views in the Art Gallery window. Buchel prepared prints of Oregon to be shown in the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. These were enlargements of Portland's most important buildings and residences, and scenic attractions in the state. In fall, 1876 Morse withdrew his picture framing operation from the partnership of Buchtel, Stolte & Morse, and moved next door to them. A contemporary photograph of this facade shows a sandwich-board display of cabinet cards on the sidewalk and a sign for W. B. Cardwell, surgeon, who shared the upstairs of the corner building with Buchtel. Morse's Palace of Art is the next door storefront on First.
In May 1880, Buchtel ran for the job of Sheriff of Multnomah County. The Oregonian endorsed him, noting "There are few more popular or better known men in the county." The Republican political convention had not been exactly harmonious; but Buchtel easily made the ticket. The Oregonian noted "he is universally liked by those who know him, he is capable and thoroughly honest, and he can defeat Mr. Norden, who in all probability will be the Democratic nominee" which is exactly what happened on June 7, by a vote of 2618 to 2208.
1880 should have been a triumph for Buchtel, but events conspired to produce a turning point in his life that permanently changed his career from photography. His 23 year old son, Albert Z. Buchtel, died unexpectedly on 11 August 1880. Albert had just graduated from school, and had worked in the photography studio since 1878. The funeral occured two days later, and that date's Oregonian carried the first notice from William Towne that he had leased Buchtel's gallery.
W. H. Towne had emigrated from San Francisco, arriving in Portland 1 September 1880. Within two days he was employed by the prestigious Abell studio. William Towne was a veteran of the best of San Francisco's galleries, including Bradley & Rulofosen and I. W. Taber. Towne had learned the business of landscape view publishing while at Taber's, where many of Watkin's negatives were blue chip stock. Towne was an excellent choice to operate the Buchtel gallery, a premium portrait photographer with substantial experience.
Buchtel left Portland for a trip to the east coast, and returned to find that, although Towne advertised "Duplicates can be had from all of Buchtel's old negatives", he had in fact hauled them to the dump. Buchtel later wrote ruefully "I sold my gallery ... with thousands of valueable (sic) negatives carefully preserved - the first thing the purchaser done was to destroy them." Not all were actually discarded, a Buchtel & Cardwell view of the 1862 Portland Flood exists on B. C. Towne's imprint.
Fred Lockley salvaged a small portion of the discarded negatives, and these now are in the Oregon Historical Society vault. The original negative labels on many of these wet-plate stereo views have captions and the remains of a numbering system. Buchtel produced each important image in triplicate, probably as a safety measure against damage (since these were to produce contact prints, the likelihood of an accident was high). The exposures were identical on the duplicate images, and the camera aim generally remained the same. Two groups in particular, the 1873 fire and the 1876 flood, are represented here. It is interesting to compare Buchtel's views with other photographer's views of the flood. Many other photographers took fine views, some of them carefully staged photo events. Buchtel is clearly a documentary survey, with 3 shots per street corner systematically covering each main street. Buchtel personally photographed these events, as an eye-witness report in the Oregonian attests.
The photographic survey of the flood could only be done with a darkroom on a barge, which Buchtel was uniquely qualified to organize. Buchtel had realized the fire engines could not be transported down the flooded streets, so he organized a system of fire engines on barges parked downtown. A major fire did in fact start, and since the right equipment was nearby, the firemen were able to extinguish it before a city-threatening conflagration began. Buchtel is generally credited with saving the city by his foresight. The fire pictures share the survey-like quality, and it again is Buchtel who was uniquely prepared to take them, being former fire chief and the only major downtown studio equipped with a mobile photography wagon that did not burn.
The loss of his oldest son and his life's work mark the effective end of his career as photographer, although he did maintain a small gallery on the East side for another 8 years. The 1880 Oregon State Fair went without his photographs, as the Oregonian bemoaned, "The exhibit in these is extremely meager, compared to former years, and shows the painful lack of the competition of Portland artists."
Throughout his galleries 35 year lifespan, his advertising emphasized a premium level of quality. His many competitors in Portland allude comparable workmanship at lower prices. Reading Buchtel's advertisements, and rival photographer's responses, indicates that Buchtel was considered by his contemporaries to set the benchmark for portrait quality in Portland. The quality of Buchtel's portraits is best demonstrated by his photographer's sample book, now in the Oregon Historical Society. After looking over several hundred thousand Oregon portraits recently, the author has no doubt that Buchtel was Portland's most talented portrait photographer, and the only serious rival he had was Frank Abell.
Joseph Buchtel died Aug. 10, 1916. He was honored by having a street named after him, which has now been re-named 30th place in S. E. Portland. Many of the street corners still have "Buchtel Ave." impressed in the concrete.
Interesting Artifacts
Daguerreotype of Mrs. Handlock and two children (OHS 0220 S 013) has an label identifying it was taken in 1856 by Buchtel in Portland.
Ambrotype of Joseph Buchtel holding a watch to his daughter's ear, in the Oregon Historical Society.
Stereo View of Oregon Central Railroad, East Side, Driving the First Spike ceremony "Jo Buchtel prepared the plate, but Senator Williams and the man who wants to succeed him, made such long speeches that the Plate dried and spoiled the picture..."(contemporary ms notes on reverse of card in Oregon Historical Society # Or Hi 6884, #891-B-2. The OHS also has the original negative, and a second one from the same event)
Cabinet card album, with business card pasted on inside cover "Buchtel & Stolte, Photographers Corner First and Morrison Streets, Portland, Oregon. First-Class Work In Photography, Crayon, India Ink, Oil or Water Colors. H. H. Brodeck, Operator." The album is a photographer's sample book, containing superb prints of the most prominent citizens, including politicians. Excellent individual portraits of Buchtel, and of Stolte, are here. (OHS Album No. 108)
CDV portrait of Joseph Buchtel and Byron Cardwell. (OHS)
Print of early Portland flood, captioned in negative in Buchtel's handwriting "June 1862 Front + Washington" on mount of B. C. Towne. 6 1/2 x 8" contact print. (OHS)
Engraving of Buchtel's gallery in the 1873 Portland City Directory, plate facing page 130.
Wet plate stereo negatives of same galley, shot from both ends of the block. OHS
Stereo-view of Buchtel's First and Morrison studio exterior, shot by Crawford from the second floor hotel balcony across the street and one-half block North. Shows Buchtel's advertising sign comprised of a giant camera mounted on roof at corner of building.
Employee Listings
Bosco, Carl, 1872-1873
Brink, J. W. darkroom technician 1865
Brodeck, H. H., operator
Buchtel, Albert
Buchtel, Frank
Buchtel, Samuel
Crawford, James G., 1870-fall 1871
Davis, W. W., presumed to have been operator 1865
Desmond, R. A. 1865
Lewis, W. H. photographer 1875
McLauren, Mrs. L. S., possibly employee 1864
Montgomery, John, photographer fall 1862, 1868
Policarpo, Bagnasco, operator 1866
Talliaferro, B. W. retoucher, 1878.
Woodard, A. B., photographer fall 1863
Directory Listings
1857 OA pg. 12 "List of Portland merchants...J. Buchtel, daguerreotypist..."
1863 PD pg. 21 "Buchtel & Cardwell, artists, 87 First" (this is same address as Montgomery, John), pg. 23 "Cardwell, B. P., (Buchtel & Cardwell) artist, 87 First St., res NW cor Harrison and Fourth.". pg. 131 appendix late additions "Buchtel, Joseph (Buchtel & Cardwell) artist, 89 First, res SW city limits.". plus display ad pg. 22 quoted below. pg. 105 "members of Multnomah Engine Co. No. 2...Joseph Buchtel"
1864 PD pg. 37 "Buchtel & Cardwell, Photographers, rooms 89 First", "Buchtel Joseph Photographer (Buchtel & Cardwell) rooms 89 First st res N Third bet Madison and Jefferson" (plus display ad quoted below) (note A. B. Woodard at same address)
1865 East Cascades Directory pg. 184 Portland Photograph Galleries "Buchtel & Woodard, cor Front and Morrison"
1865 PD pg. 37 "Buchtel & Cardwell, Photograph gallery, 89 First St.", "Buchtel Joseph (Buchtel & Cardwell) photographer 89 First res 195 Sixth cor Madison", "Buchtel, Samuel photographer, 89 First" (plus display ad quoted below)
1866 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Joseph, photographist, res NW cor Sixth and Madison", pg. 97 photograph galleries "Buchtel, Jos., cor Morrison and Front"
1867 West Coast pg. 280 Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, 5 Morrison"
1867 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Joseph, Photograph Gallery, Front cor of Morrison, res cor Sixth and Madison."
1868 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, 89 First, res W s Fourth, bet Madison and Jefferson" (Samuel also listed at this work address)
1869 PD pg. 41 "Buchtel, Jos., photographer, 89 First, res W s Fourth bet Jefferson and Madison" (Samuel also listed at this work address)
1871 Salem pg. 24 display ad "Joseph Buchtel photograph gallery, no. 91 First St, Corbett's Bldg, Port"
1871 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Jos., photographer, 93 First, res cor Fourth and Harrison"
1872 PD pg. 51 "Buchtel, Jos., photographer, 91 First, res NW cor Second and Harrison"
1873 SD pg. 104 "Buchtel, Jos., (Buchtel & Stolte) res Second bet Montgomery and Harrison"; "Buchtel & Stolte (J. Buchtel & E. H. Stolte) photographers, room 11 Corbett's Building, First bet Washington and Alder"
1873 PD pg. 65 "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, 91 First", "Buchtel, Joseph, B & Stolte, res w s Second, bet Harrison and Montgomery" (Samuel also listed)
1873 Or pg. 321 Portland "Buchtel & Stolte 91 First photograph gallery"
1874 PD pg. 69 "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, National Bank building, 91 First, third story", "Buchtel, Joseph, B & Stolte, photographer, 91 First, res w s Second bet Harrison and Montgomery"
1874 SD pg. 157 "Buchtel, Joseph, (Buchtel & Stolte) res w s Second bet Montgomery and Harrison.", "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, 91 First"
1875 PD pg. 62 "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, 91 and 93 First"; "Buchtel, Joseph, B. & Stolte, res East Portland"; pg. 192 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1875 SD pg. 163 "Buchtel, Stolte & Morse, pictures, frames, mouldings, etc, 77 First (after May 15 at the s w cor First and Morrison)"; "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, 91 and 93 First, after May 15, at s w cor First and Morrison"; Buchtel, Jos., (B & Stolte) and (B Stolte & Morse) res E Port"; pg. 294 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, res cor Twelfth and F"
1876 WD pg. 62 "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, w s First bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Buchtel, Stolte & Morse, wholesale and retail dealers in picture frames & moldings w s First bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Buchtel, Jos., B. & Stolte, res East Portland"; East Portland pg. 190 "Buchtel, Joseph, B. & Stolte, res e s Twelfth bet F and G."
1877 PD pg. 71 "Buchtel & Stolte, photograph gallery, s w cor Front and Morrison"; "Buchtel, Jos., B & Stolte, res East Portland"; pg. 188 East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph, B & Stolte, photographer, res e s Twelfth bet F and G"
1878 PD pg. 70 "Buchtel & Stolte, photograph gallery, s w cor First and Morrison"; "Buchtel, Jos., B & Stolte, res East Portland"; pg. 220 East Portland"Buchtel, Jos., photographer, res s e cor F and Twelfth"
1878 Pacific pg. 219 Portland "Buchtel & Stolts (sic), photographers, 119, 121 First"
1879 PD pg. 78 "Buchtel & Stolte, photographers, 161 and 163 First"; "Buchtel, J., B & Stolte, res East Portland"; pg. 220 East Portland"Buchtel, J., photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1880 PD pg. 83 "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, gallery, cor First and Morrison, res cor Twelfth and G, East Portland", pg. 261 East Portland "Buchtel, Jos., photographer, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1881 Ore pg. 277 Portland "Buchtel, Jos sheriff Multnomah county, res east Portland", pg. 457 "Buchtel, Jos., Sheriff, res. s. e. cor. Twelfth and F sts.", "Buchtel, Mrs. s. s. C st., bet. 4th and 5th."
1881 PD pg. 87 "Buchtel, Jos, Sheriff, res East Portland"; pg. 285 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, sheriff Multnomah county, res s e cor Twelfth and F, Aiken's Add"
1882 GD pg. 113 "Buchtel, Jos., Sheriff, res East Portland"; pg. 424 East Portland "Buchtel, J., sheriff res, s e cor Twelfth and F."
1883 GD pg. 325 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, sup't City View park, River bank and Milwaukie road, res cor Twelfth and F"
1884 GD pg. 329 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, sup't City View Park, res s e cor Twelfth and F"
1885 PCD pg. 438 East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph, res s e cor F and 12th"
1886 PCD pg. East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph, agt, res s e cor 12th and F"
1887 PCD pg. 503 East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph, photographer w s 4th bet I and J, res s e cor 12th and F."
1888 POWI pg.187 East Portland "Buchtel, Joseph, photographer, I bet 4th and 5th"
1888 PCD pg. 572 East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph (Buchtel & Mall), res 12th s e cor F"; "Buchtel & Mall real (Joseph Buchtel, Wm H Mall), Real Estate, L n w cor 1st"
1889 PCD pg. 630 East Portland"Buchtel, Joseph (Buchtel & Mall), res F s e cor 12th"; "Buchtel & Mall real (Joseph Buchtel, Wm H Mall), Real Estate, Water n w cor L"

Buchtel is listed in Real Estate through 1914.

Photographer's Imprints
"Purchased at Buchtel's Gallery, July 21, 1865" ms on CDV back without imprint (OHS 260-2, Colfax)
"B & S, Buchtel & Stolte, Portland Oregon" CDV card front "Established 1853, Buchtel & Stolte, Photographers, No. 91 First Street, Portland, Oregon, All Negatives Preserved, No. Duplicates from this picture may be had at any time." engraved back."Jos. Buchtel, Cor. Front and Morrison Sts., Portland Oregon." CDV printed front (OHS 244-2 Clark)
"Buchtel & Stolte, Photographic Artists, No. 91 First Street, Portland, Oregon, Negatives Preserved. - No....." CDV imprinted back, portrait from copy negative of Jos. Meek (OHS collection 735 Meek)
"Buchtel. Portland Oregon" cabinet card front "Jos. Buchtel, Photographer, cor. First and Morrison Sts., Portland, Oregon, All Negatives Preserved, No. Duplicates from this picture may be had at any time." printed back.
"Joseph Buchtel, Photographic Artist, No. 91 First Street, Portland, Oregon, Negatives Preserved."
"Jo. Buchtel's Gallery, Portland, Oregon. Established 1853. Negatives Preserved, if requested." CDV printed back possibly 1870 (OHS 285-5 Cornell)
"Jos. Buchtel, Photographer, 91 First st. Portland. Branch Gallery, Commercial St., Salem, Oregon" (OHS collection)
"Buchtel, I St., bet 4th and 5th, East Portland" cabinet card, printed front
Photographer's Imprints - Stereo Cards
"Oregon Scenery, photographed by Buchtel & Stolte, 119 & 121 First St., Portland Ogn" stereo back. (OHS)
"Oregon & W. T. Scenery, photographed by Buchtel & Stolte, 119 & 121 First St., Portland Ogn" stereo back. (OHS). (used for Astoria and opposite side of Columbia scenery)
News Items and Advertisements
1853: "Mr. Buchtel, Daguerrian artist, has some beautiful specimens of pictures taken in this city. He is going to Canemah in a few days, to give the people there an opportunity to have their likenesses taken." Oregon Spectator, 19 Aug 1853, pg. 2, col. 5.
1853: "BEAUTIFUL LIFE-LIKE DAGUERREOTYPES. JOSEPH BUCHTEL, will remain in Canemah a short time to give the citizens there an opportunity to 'secure the shadow ere the substance fades' of themselves and families, either singly or in groups.
Specimens of his workmanship may be seen at the principal business houses at Canemah. He flatters himself that he will be able to render satisfaction to the people generally. Canemah, August 19, 1853." Oregon Spectator, 19 August -16 September 1853
1854: "Read the Daguerreotypist's advertisement. We advise all who wish to avail themselves of the opportunity of getting good likenesses to call at Mr. Buchtel's rooms immediately, as we are informed his stay in this city will be short." Oregonian, 17 June 1854 pg. 2, col. 1.
1854: "DAGUERREOTYPING!! Mr. J. Buchtel is happy to announce to the Ladies and Gentleman of this place and vicinity, that he has fitted up skylight rooms in the Canton House and he is prepared to execute LIKENESSES in the highest perfection of the art. Pictures put up suitable for mailing to Eastern friends. Pictures taken large and small, and in every kind of weather. Landscapes, views of buildings, &c., &c., will be taken at reduced prices. Notice - Mr. Buchtel will remain in Portland but a short time. Operating hours from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M./ Portland June 17, 1854." Oregonian, 17 June 1854 - 5 August 1854.
1855: Marriage of Joseph Buchtel to Josephine Latourette on 23 April 1855, at Butteville. microfilm illegible. Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 12 May 1855, pg. 3, col. 1
1857: "Marine News...Arrived...Per Columbia (from San Francisco on 24 May)...J. Buchtel..." Weekly Oregonian, 30 May 1857, pg. 2, col. 7
1857: "EXCELSIOR AMBROTYPE ROOMS. Having just returned from San Francisco with a fine assortment of all the latest styles of cases, fancy frames, &c., for the purpose of carrying on this art in its several branches, such as Daguerreotyping, Ambrotyping, Melainotyping, and Photographing. With former experience and late instructions, we fell warranted in saying that we can do work as Neat and Perfect as it can be done on the Pacific coast. To insure the above assertions we have fitted up a complete set of rooms with the largest and best arranged skylight in the Territory, by which we can take all the above styles of pictures on short notice and in the quickest time possible, say from one to ten seconds. Views of Buildings and Landscapes taken and fitted up to the satisfaction of all. Call, and give us a chance to Advertise through the medium of our pictures. This is all we ask, and if we don't suit you, we will not ask you to take them from the room. ROOMS- in the Canton House, over the crockery store, Portland, Oregon. Buchtel & Holland. N. B. Instructions given in Ambrotyping and Photographing at our rooms, on reasonable terms. June 13, 1856 (sic) B & H." Weekly Oregonian, 13 June - 15 August 1857.
1857: "HOLLAND & BUCHTEL, AMBROTYPISTS AND DAGUERREOTYPERS, Portland, Oregon, Are prepared to do work in all of the several branches of the art, such as Daguerreotyping, Ambrotyping, Melainotyping, and Photographing. Office- in the Canton House, over the Crockery Store. Portland, Aug. 22, 1857." Weekly Oregonian, 22 August 1857 - 12 December 1857.
1857 "Buchtel & Holland, Ambrotype Rooms, Canton House---2nd Floor, Portland, Oregon. Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Daguerreotypes, and Photographing satisfactorily executed." Oregon Weekly Times, (Portland) 22 August - 3 October 1857.
1858: "Picture Gallery. We have opened the rooms over Milwain's store, in Oregon City, where we are now ready to wait upon such as wish Ambrotypes or Photograph Likenesses. We are determined to furnish as good work as any artist in Oregon. Our pictures show for themselves. Family Groups taken, on liberal terms. Call in and get your whole family group taken. -You will never regret it, and your children in future years will treasure the picture as a relic too precious to be bought with gold. Buchtel & Holland." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 6 February 1858, pg. 3, col. 1 (courtesy of Michael Cirelli)
1858: "Business &c. of Portland. (large list of all businesses in Portland) ... AMBROTYPIST- Joseph Buchtel. ..." (no others listed) Oregon Weekly Times, (Portland) 27 July 1858, pg. 2, col. 5.
1858: "For Photographing the fine engravings we give, the readers of the Farmer are indebted Mr. Joseph Buchtel, Daguerreian Artist, Ambrotypist, &c., of this city. Having fitted up spacious rooms in the second story of the fire proof brick building recently erected by Shelby, on corner of Washington and First sts., with the eye and taste of the artist he is, Mr. B. is prepared to take as fine pictures as can be found on the coast, from life size down to the least possible dimensions wished. Call on him." Oregon Farmer (Portland) November 1858, Vol. 1, No. 4, pg. 8 (whole no. pg. 56).
1859: "The Steamship Brother Jonathan <arrived from San Francisco> on Wednesday last <6 April> ... Passengers ... Mr. Bucktel (sic) ..." Weekly Oregonian, 9 April 1959 pg. 2, col. 4.
1859: "Photographic Rooms. J. Buchtel's Picture Gallery - Corner First and Washington Streets, where the latest and most improved styles of pictures are taken.
A large assortment of every article used in the business kept constantly on hand. Orders from the country promptly supplied on reasonable terms.
Out-door scenes, Landscapes, Fine Stock, &c,., &c., taken on short notice and warranted satisfactory.
Instructions given in the various branches of the Art." Oregon FarmerMay 1859, Vol. 1, No. 10.
1859: "Buchtel & Cardwell Photographers. Rooms - First St., near Washington. Second story of Shelby's brick store. One of the Firm, having just returned from San Francisco, in possession of all the late improvements in the art, and an entire new and extensive stock of Chemicals and Cameras, beg leave to inform their old friends and the public generally, that they are now prepared to execute pictures of all sizes and kinds in the highest perfection of the art. Photographs life size. Call and exmine our stock and specimens - we warrant satisfaction." Portland Daily News, 10 May 1859 - 30 September 1860 (previous issues not available for checking)
1859: "To Farmers! Buchtel & Cardwell propose to take all styles of PICTURES, From life size to the most delicate setting for a Lady's finger ring in the most durable and improved manner, for which they will take all kinds of merchantable produce, such as Chickens, Eggs, Butter, Cheese, Wheat, Flour, Bacon, Apples, Potatoes, Hay, &c. Bring us anything you have for sale. N. B.- We have secured a FIRST CLASS PORTRAIT PAINTER, and those who wish can have their PHOTOGRAPHS PAINTED IN OIL. Prices to suit the hard times. B.&C." Weekly Oregonian, 6 August 1859 - 28 July 1860.
1859: "Photographic and Daguerrean Rooms, Shelby's Brick Building, First Street, Portland. Buchtel & Cardwell, Artists. The Undersigned are prepared on short notice to execute all kinds of Photgraphic and Daguerrean Likenesses in the most artistic and life-like style, and upon the the most advantageous terms to patrons, when Cash is the article to be exchanged for thier work. Their rooms are fitted up with neatness, and furnished with lens of different degrees of power, adapted to small locket picutres or those as large as life. Call and see them in Shelby's Brick Building, First Street. Buchtel and Cardwell." Portland Daily Advertiser, 19 August 1859, pg. 3.
1859: "Photographic Rooms. Buchtel & Cardwell's Picture Gallery, Corner First and Washington Streets, Where the latest and most improved styles of pictures are taken. A large assortment of every article used in the business kept constantly on hand. Orders from the country promptly supplied on reasonable terms. Out-door Scenes, Landscapes, Fine Stock, &c, &c, taken on short notice and warranted satisfactory. Instructions given in the various branches of the art." Oregon Farmer (Portland), 21 September 1859 pg. 10, col. 3 (regular insertion, previous issues not checked, last insertion 1 February 1863, at which time the Oregon Farmer suspended publication.)
1860: "J. R. Cardwell, Dentist, Will practice in Portland from the 4th to the 30t of March. Office - at Buchtel & Cardwell's Photograph Gallery." Portland Daily News, 7 March 1860, pg. 3, col. 4.
1860: "Buchtel & Cardwell, Photographers. Rooms - First St., near Wash. Second story Shelby's brick Store. Continue to execute Pictures in the highest style of the Art. N. B. - The dissolution of a late firm in a different business, of which our house was a partner, has led to the erroneous impression that our firm had been dissolved. Our co-partnership and business remain unchanced. Buchtel & Cardwell" Portland Daily News, 16 October 1860, pg. 2, col. 5. (ed note: it is probable the dissolved business is Robbins & Cardwell (William L. Cardwell) who operated a furniture factory. A typical advertisement is found in The Daily Morning News (Portland) 9 October 1859, pg. 1, col. 2.)
1860: "Buchtel & Cardwell Photographers. Rooms - First St., near Wash. Second story Shelby's brick store" Portland Daily News, 7 November - 7 December 1860 (further issues not available for checking)
1861: "Go to Buchtel & Cardwell's for a Photograph", "Buchtel & Cardwell's Pictures are the Best in Oregon", "Buchtel & Cardwell Have the Best Arranged Gallery in Oregon", "Buchtel & Cardwell have a fine Collection of Specimens of their Art. Go and see them and Get A Picture" (with cut of ambrotype), "Go to Buchtel & Cardwell's for a Picture while the Weather is Fine", "Buchtel & Cardwell's Photographic Gallery. First Street, in Shelby's Building." set of ads in Oregonian, all first appeared 5 March 1861 and appeared through 15 September 1864. The ambrotype ad had its text changed on 12 March 1864 and continued further.
1861: "PHOTOGRAPHIC- The officers of the various Fire companies have been procuring pictures of themselves while the sun shines. A collection of their physiognomies can be seen at Buchtel & Cardwell's." Oregonian, 15 April 1861, pg. 3, col. 1
1861: "PICTURES.- BUCHTEL & CARDWELL are to be at the Fair with their superior ambrotype and photographic apparatus. They are the best artist on the coast, as everybody knows, and will have full employment, we doubt not, in taking pictures of bipeds and quadrupeds during the Fair." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 21 September 1861 pg. 2, col. 4. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1861: "AMBROTYPES AND PHOTOGRAPHS.- The pictures taken by Mr. Joseph Buchtel are not excelled by those of any other artist on this coast, or elsewhere. Mr. Buchtel will be here on Monday next, and will remain two weeks. We say to those who desire a fine picture of themselves, or of their families, that they will now have a fine opportunity of getting the same taken. Rooms in Milwain's building." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 5 October 1861 pg. 2, col. 3. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1861: "The First Oregon Agricultural State Fair, Held on the 1st, 2d, 3d and 4th Days of October, 1861...Mining Products, Home Work, Works of Art, and Natural History. This department of the Fair constituted the greatest attraction to those who attended the Fair with a view to see what was to be seen. It was under the charge of Mr. Joseph Buchtel, of the firm Buchtel & Cardwell, Photographers, to whom great credit is due for his industry and good taste. Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell's display of specimens of photographs, ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, and all species of pictures taken in the camera obscura, was one of the features of this department. It is not invidious to assert that they stand at the head of the art in this State; and we only repeat what an eminent daguerrean artist form San Francisco said of them, 'They take as good pictures as I ever saw of all kinds, and there is a peculiar excellence about their larger photographs.' Messers. B. & C. also exhibited a large part of their fine collection of Oregon birds and animals, and their cabinet of minerals." Oregon Farmer, (Portland) 15 October 1861. pg. 2, col. 3
1861: "List of premiums awarded...at the first annual State Fair...Buchtel & Cardwell, Portland, 40 photographs, dip<loma>, Buchtel & Cardwell, Portland, 20 Ambrotypes, dip<loma>, J. R. Cardwell and Buchtel, Portland, 25 specimens native birds and animals, 1st Premium..." Oregon Farmer, (Portland) 15 October 1861. pg. 6, col. 4
1861: "List of Premiums awarded by the State Agricultural Society at its first annual fair, held October 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1861...Buchtel & Cardwell, Portland, 40 Photographs, dip<loma>. Buchtel and Cardwell, Portland, 20 Ambrotypes, dip<loma>. J. R. Cardwell and Buchtel, Portland, 25 Specimens Native Birds and Animals, 1st premium..." Oregonian, 16 October 1861, pg. 1, col. 2.
1861: "PICTURES, PICTURES!- Go to BUCHTEL'S, and get your likeness taken. He is the best artist on this coast, and of course his pictures took the premium at the State Fair. He will remain in town but one week more. Don't stand back for rainy weather; Jo can take pictures as well then as when the sun shines." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 19 October 1861, pg. 2, col. 3. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1861: "A SEVERE ACCIDENT- We are sorry to learn that the wife of our estimable townsman Joseph Buchtel, met with a serious accident from the explosion of a fluid lamp." Oregonian, 11 November 1861 pg. 3, col. 1., also Weekly Oregonian, 16 November 1861 pg. 3, col. 1.
1861: "ACCIDENT.- In Portland on Saturday last, Mrs. Buchtel, wife of Joseph Buchtel, Esq., had her arm severely bruised by the bursting of a fluid lamp in her hand, which set her clothing on fire. She lies at present in critical condition" Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 16 November 1861 pg. 2, col. 5. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1861: "BURNING FLUID- It is believed that many accidents occur in the use of this fluid, caused by filling the lamp entirely full- so that, when the liquor expands by heat, the fluid, coming in contact with fire, immediately explodes. The unfortunate occurrence at Mr. Buchtel's, in our city, is believed to have been caused by thus filling the lamp. But these fluid lamps can never be used with perfect safety." Weekly Oregonian, 23 November 1861, pg. 3, col. 1.
1861: "We are glad to say that Mrs. Buchtel, who was lately severely burnt by the explosion of a fluid lamp, is in a fair way for recovery- Her husband is now able to attend to his business as an artist at the gallery of Messers Buchtel & Cardwell, and who are well known to be the best artists on the coast. They have recently made some improvements in their gallery and in the conveniences for doing their work. Their arrangements are such that they can do work in cloudy as well as clear weather, and gentlemen and ladies, who desire pictures, can avail themselves of this season of leisure for the purpose. They have many curiosities in natural history in their gallery which will amuse our citizens for an hour." Weekly Oregonian, 7 December 1861, pg. 3, col. 2.
1862: FIREMAN'S ELECTION- ... Multnomah No. 2- ... First Assistant, Jos. Buchtel..." Oregonian, 8 February 1862 pg. 3, col. 2.
1862: "BRANCH OF PORTLAND PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY. BUCHTEL & CARDWELL'S PHOTOGRAPHIC ROOMS, SALEM, OREGON. Having leased the rooms and fixtures of Mr. Kenyon, we are prepared to furnish every style of PICTURES known to the Art, in MANNER and WORKMANSHIP, second to none. Pictures taken without regard to weather. It will be our aim to GIVE SATISFACTION, and maintain for the establishment its deserved reputation. SPECIMENS can be seen at the rooms and at the State Fair. Salem, Sept. 25th, 1862" Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 29 September - 15 December 1862
1862: (report on State Fair from Salem correspondent) "Buchtel & Cardwell, of your city, have large contributions: They have on exhibition a fine cabinet of specimens of the Natural History of Oregon. Old residents here were astonished at the number of strange animals and birds that were spread out before them. It is a fine attraction and evinces great taste on the part of the owners as well as their liberality and industry. I am sure they will get the offered premium for the best cabinet of minerals and other specimens illustrating the geology of Oregon; and also photographs, which are securing much employment for Mr. Buchtel, who has opened photograph rooms in Salem." Oregonian, 6 October 1862, pg. 2, col. 3.
1862: "THE STATE FAIR.- ...Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell, and Mr. Kenyon showed excellent specimens of photographs, ambrotypes, &c., executed in the highest style of the art. Curiosity-hunters found much in the cabinets of Messrs. B. & C. to admire; we notice the crowd of passers-by invariably paused to examine their specimens in geology, mineralogy, ornithology, and natural history. They are entitled to great credit for the attractive features they furnished the fair. ..." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 6 October 1862 pg. 2, col. 4.
1862: "Oregon State Fair...Photographs, ambrotypes, specimens of fossil remains, geology, mineralogy, and natural history by Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell, of Portland...List of premiums ...Cabinet of animals of Oregon, Buchtel & Cardwell, 1st premium...Minerals and Geological specimens, Buchtel & Cardwell 1st premium...Photographs. Buchtel & Cardwell, 50 <items exhibited>, 1st premium...Ambrotypes, W. Kenyon, first premium, Buchtel & Cardwell 2nd prem." Oregon Farmer, (Portland) 15 October 1862. pg. 1, col. 2
1863: "For Chief Engineer of the Portland Fire Department, Jos. Buchtel" Oregonian, 9 November 1863, regular insertion, (campaign ad for Fire Chief job)
1863: "Buchtel & Cardwell, photographers, Portland Oregon Keep up with all the improvements in Picture Making, and will continue to execute as good Photographs, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Cartes des Visites, In fact every style of picture known to the art, as can be found in the world. We are also prepared to have Photographs Finished In India Ink, Crayon, or Colored in Oil. Call and see specimens! Rooms --- 89 First St., in Shelby's block" Portland Directory for 1863, Portland; S. J. McCormick, 1863 pg. 22 full page ad.
1863: "Photographs. Having completed our arrangements, we are better prepared to take every picture known to the art than we have ever been. We are also prepared to have photographs colored in oils or finished in india ink or crayon. Our cabinet of Beasts, Birds, and Reptiles, with quite a number of recently added specimens, are still on exhibition. Lovers of nature and art are invited to call and examine for themselves. Rooms on First Street, adjoining our former ones, Buchtel & Cardwell, Portland, March 16, 1863, Buchtel & Cardwell's Photographic Gallery, First Street in Shelby's building" Oregonian, 16 March 1863 - 15 March 1864 (similar ad in The Daily Times - Portland- same start date)
1863: "The misses who are to are to (sic) represent the several States of the Union in the Car, on the Fourth <of July parade -ed>, are requested to meet at Buchtel's and Cardwell's Daguerrean Rooms at 9 o'clock, precisely, on that morning." Oregonian, 3 July 1863, pg. 3, col. 1
1863: "SILVER TRUMPET- A silver trumpet was put up by the proprietor of the circus, to be run for by one member from each company of the fire department. The trumpet was won by Mr. Joseph Buchtel, of Multnomah No. 2, who went around the ring ten times in one minute and eighteen seconds." Oregonian, 25 September 1863, pg. 3, col. 1
1863: "Dissolution of Copartnership. The firm of Buchtel & Cardwell, in the Daguerrean business in this city <Salem - ed> dissolved by mutual consent so far as the business of the gallery in Salem is concerned. Mr. Montgomery will settle all accounts, and continue the business at the old stand. Buchtel & Cardwell. Salem, Sept. 30, 1863" Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 12 - 19 October 1863
1863: "For Chief Engineer, Jo. Buchtel" Oregonian, 4 December 1863, regular insertion, (campaign ad for Fire Chief job)
1863: "FIRE DEPARTMENT ELECTION.- The election yesterday ... Mr. Buchtel received 94, and Mr. Bothwell 71, for Chief Engineer. Buchtel's majority, 23..." Oregonian, 8 December 1863, pg. 3, col. 1.
1864: "Jos. Buchtel, J. R. Cardwell, Buchtel & Cardwell's Photograph Gallery, Portland, Oregon, Jo. Buchtel, Artist. Will keep up with all the improvements in Picture Making, and will continue to execute as good Photographs, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Cartes des Visites, In fact every style of picture known to the art, as can be found in the world. We are also prepared to have Photographs Finished in India Ink, Crayon, or Colored in Oil. Jo. Buchtel, Artist, has just returned from San Francisco, and is now prepared to Take First Class Card Pictures. Call and See Specimens. Rooms--89 First St., in Shelby's Block." Portland Directory for 1864, Portland; S. J. McCormick, 1864 pg. 42
1864: "NATURAL HISTORY- Two years ago this present month the readers of the Morning Oregonian were furnished with a list of some twenty animals, and fifty birds, comprising a collection of specimens in natural history, to be seen in the cabinet of Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell, artists, in this city. Since then this cabinet has steadily increased, and they now have a very excellent collection. These gentlemen are deserving of credit for their efforts to preserve these specimens, as they may be of lasting benefit to the historian in future years, when the species now seen so commonly, become rare and finally extinct, in our district of the country, an we become more populous. The Cougar, the Catamount, and the Wild-cat, are ferocious looking specimens of the carnivorous quadruped, and one would much rather see them in a gallery, stuffed, than meet them under similar circumstances in the forest. The white-headed Eagle, the Grey Eagles, and the Swan, are among the finest specimens of birds. The number of reptiles and geological specimens are numerous. The pet dog, now missed from the side of his master, may be seen here as natural as life, and apparently ready to bound out with a joyous snap, as you approach his case. We cannot enumerate all their collection, but it is extensive and well worth a visit to see; besides, they have numerous fine paintings, photographs and lithographs, rendering their gallery a pleasant place to while away an hour." Oregonian, 9 February 1864, pg. 3, col. 1. (several hours of searching failed to turn up the article refered to)
1864: "Pictures - Buchtel & Cardwell advertise that they have secured the services of a first class Artist, direct from New York city. The present is a favorable time - fine weather and all that - to secure a good picture, and we recommend our readers to give them a call." Oregonian, 14 March 1864, pg. 3, col. 1.
1864: "BUCHTEL & CARDWELL. WE HAVE SECURED THE Services of a FIRST CLASS ARTIST direct from New York city, with six years experience in taking the Fashionable Card Pictures. With our present facilities we can supply our patrons with a Superior Style of Picture without delay. Rooms - No. 89 First street, Portland, Oregon." Oregonian, 14 March - 24 April 1864.
1864: "TELEGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE, <account of first connection of telegraph line from Portland to San Francisco, with speeches, toasts, parades, etc.> ... The following correspondence by telegraph took place... To David Scannel- Chief Engineer Fire Department, San Francisco: The Portland Fire Department salutes you. A common purpose makes us warm friends. May new ties bring us still nearer. Jo. Buchtel, Chief Engineer, Portland Fire Dep't. ..." Oregon Statesman, 14 March 1864 pg. 3, col. 3.
1864: "AN AQUARIUM- Buchtel & Cardwell have made some important additions to their cabinet of collections in Natural History. They have four beautiful gold fish and design putting up a large sized Aquarium in a few days, with all the latest improvements. They have also received an addition to their stock of birds, among them one fine specimen of the Brown Heron." Oregonian, 18 March 1864, pg. 3, col. 1
1864: "A Fine Frame - among the many fine things at Buchtel & Cardwell's Gallery is an exquisite picture frame, wrought in shell by Mrs. L. S. McLauren, of Brooklyn. It is a credit to the lady's good taste, and we think is deserving of notice." Oregonian, 15 April 1864, pg. 3, col. 1.
1864: "Trial of Protection Engine No. 4 - This fire engine was put upon trial last evening under the direction of Chief Engineer Buchtel, and gave perfect satisfaction..." Oregonian, 7 September 1864 pg. 3, col. 1
1864: "A FOOT RACE PENDING- Mr. Jos. Buchtel and Mr. Lewis will run a match of 100 yards, on the 12th of November, on the east side of the river, opposite this city. It will be remembered that the former was beaten by the latter in a contest some few weeks since. The present match is for $300 a side, and Lewis is to give ten feet at the outcome." Oregonian, 24 October 1864, pg. 3, col. 1
1864: "THE CHIEF ENGINEER- We are informed that Mr. Buchtel has decided to accept the position of Chief Engineer of the Fire Department for another term. This is right. We feel sure that the Department have a preference for him - in fact they will elect him. A good man in the right place." Oregonian, 27 October 1864, pg. 3, col. 1
1864: "FIREMAN'S ELECTION- The manes of the firemen's candidates for election to the position of Chief Engineer and two Assistants are given in another column. Mr. Buchtel is the present incumbent of the office of Chief and has right worthily filled the position for a year past. His re-election is beyond a doubt..." Oregonian, 21 November 1864, pg. 3, col. 1
1864: "FOR CHIEF ENGINEER - JOSEPH BUCHTEL" Oregonian, 21 November 1864 (first insertion)
1864: "THE FIREMAN'S ELECTION- The election of the Chief Engineer and Assistants for the Portland Fire Department passed off in a very quiet manner yesterday and resulted in the choice of Joseph Buchtel for Chief...The vote was as follows: For Chief - Joseph Buchtel 106, Wm. B. Clark 44. Total 170..." Oregonian, 6 December 1864 pg. 3, col. 1
1865: directory advertisement, same as 1864 except omit the sentence about San Francisco. Portland Directory for 1865, Portland; S. J. McCormick, 1865 pg. 38
1865: "SOLD OUT - The photograph gallery on Front street which has been conducted for a long term of years by Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell, has changed into the proprietorship of other parties. The collection of rare species of birds, animals, reptiles, etc., which forms an attractive cabinet of curiosities in natural history, has made this the finest resort in the State, and the name of the old firm have been synonymist (sic) on the part of naming and preserving the relics which have been entrusted or donated to them." Oregonian, 10 January 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865: "BIRDS - Mr. Joseph Buchtel, late of the firm of Buchtel & Cardwell, has secured the services of an able taxidermist, Mr. S. S. Douglas, and advertises in another column for birds of rare species, to be delivered for dressing at the rooms of Mr. Douglas, over the Post Office., Front street. Animals also are wanted." Oregonian, 9 February 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "BIRDS WANTED. Rare Specimens of Eagles, Ducks, and all other species of Birds wanted for Dressing by a Taxidermist. Care should be taken in handling to avoid disturbing the feathers. Birds to be delivered to S. S. Doughal, over the Post Office, Portland." Oregonian, 9 February 1865 advertisement, first insertion.
1865: "PHOTOGRAPH ROOMS, In G. W. Vaughn's Brick Building, corner Front and Morrison Streets, Portland. JOSEPH BUCHTEL, Operator. I have Refurbished and Enlarged my Rooms, and am now prepared to do all kinds of work in the Latest Styles of the Art. BUCHTEL'S PHOTOGRAPHS have always taken the First Premium at the Oregon State Fairs. I have also on Free exhibition the Fine Collection of Birds and Animals collected by Mr. Buchtel, together with a Beautiful Collection of Shells, etc., etc. Ladies and Gentlemen are invited to call. Having permanently located, NONE BUT THE BEST PICTURES will be allowed to go out of the Establishment. A. B. WOODARD, Proprietor." Oregonian, 23 March - 18 April 1865
1865: "A GOOD SHOT - Chief Engineer Buchtel, a few evenings since went out gunning a short distance from the city along the Willamette, and had raised his gun to shoot a Bald Eagle, when just at that moment the dogs came rushing past, having a young Deer in chase. Buchtel thinking the latter more likely to be brought down, changed his purpose, and in about an instant killed the deer. The gun was charged with shot for ducks. The hide of the animal will be put among the collection at Woodard's Gallery, duly prepared by a taxidermist." Oregonian, 28 March, 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "FINE VIEWS - Our old friend Buchtel, late of Buchtel and Cardwell's Gallery, called upon us last evening and left with the publisher a fine assortment of views, lately taken by him, as the principal Operator at the New Gallery, corner of Morrison and Front streets, where he may be found dealing in superb specimens of cities and citizens. Lately he has taken some elegant views of Oregon scenery, which will comprise pictures from Astoria, including the entrance to the Columbia river; the stranded ship Industry, in a series of three photographs, taken from a painting by Brink, on actual observation; and a number of views of Portland during the festival day; views of Oregon City, &c., which make a fine collection for an album or stereoscope. Oregon cannot be beat, the world over, for its scenery - and how many hundreds are there among our citizens who would not gladly be possessors of a few specimens of it- even for their own gratification, or to send to friends in the East. We are pleased at what Mr. Buchtel has shown us, and hope he will be well repaid for his energy in procuring such elegant photographs. From his collection we have obtained a look at the the Oregon City Woolen Manufactory, a most magnificent brick edifice, lately completed by our enterprising neighbors. We have not visited the City of the Falls since the day the work was inaugurated last year, but feel gratified at being able now to see the fine structure, the best in all Oregon- while sitting in our chair at home- thanks to Buchtel." Oregonian, 19 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "Removed. JOSEPH BUCHTEL'S Fine Collection of Shells to the Photograph Rooms of A. B. Woodard, in the room with the Oregon Museum, consisting of Animals, Birds, &c., &c., the most Beautiful Collection in the State. Cartes De Visite, Vignette and Full Figure, taken in the Latest style of the Art. Jos. Buchtel, operator, Rooms on Front Street, in G. W. Vaughn's Brick Building. A. B. Woodard." Oregonian, 19 April - 25 August 1865.
1865: "J. WILKES BOOTH - The assassin of the President, J. Wilkes Booth, appears in the group on 'Frederick & Co.'s Portrait carte de visite,' one of which is owned by Mr. John Ward of the Crystal Saloon, in this city. The card was taken to Mr. Buchtel, at Woodard's Gallery, on the morning of the 19th, and enlarged by Mr. Brink, from which copies were photographed yesterday, and last evening Mr. Buchtel laid specimens of the assassin upon our table. It is a life-like portrait, taken from an original photograph, and not only shows to what extent photography leads in familiarizing faces, but is a credit to the energy of the operator in bringing out the assassin, that our people many know the character (judging by appearances) of the man. Copies of the picture will be for sale to-day." Oregonian, 21 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1. (the Oregonian's first word of Lincoln's assassination was published 17 April. It is probable that it was word of mouth the day before)
1865: account of parade of mourning for Abraham Lincoln, Buchtel was marshall of the German Brass Band (from Aurora colony) which marched in the parade and represented the Portland Fire Department. Oregonian, 27 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: Buchtel thanked for his help in organizing the mourning parade for Abraham Lincoln. Oregonian, 27 April 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "Sale of Mining Stock. There remains unpaid of Assessment No. 3 levied upon the capital stock of the 'Santiam Gold and Silver Mining Company' of the 14th day of July, 1864, the amount set opposite the shares hereinafter enumerated, as follows, to wit: ... Jos. Buchtel <number of certificate> 293, <number of shares> 13, <amount $> $39.00 ..." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 22 May - 12 June 1865 (this is a delinquent stockholder announcement) (Wiley Kenyon may have something to do with the sale of these stocks to Buchtel. -ed note)
1865: "MAP OF OWYHEE- The map of the region of Owyhee, lately noticed by us, has been photographed by Buchtel, and he has them for sale." Oregonian, 25 July 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "Go Always in the Morning - The card of Mr. Buchtel this morning contains a hint worth adopting by those who would secure good cartes de visite, or other style of pictures. Humphry's Art Journal says: 'Go early in the day when you are fresh after a night's repose and the morning wash, before you have got fatigued by being busy, or by doing nothing during the day - before you have met with some annoyance which will, very likely, show on the countenance, and change the expression. Go alone, or with some quiet friend.' The views advertised by Buchtel are such as every resident of Oregon can (consistently? illegible microfilm) send to his friends in other parts of the country. The enterprise of Mr. Buchtel in obtaining these views, is deserving of support." Oregonian, 25 September, 1865. pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "Come Always in the Forenoon! The undersigned well known Artist, wishes to impress upon the public the fact that he is still taking Pictures in the City of Portland, at Woodard's Gallery, in Vaughn's brick building, over the City of Paris store, corner of Front and Morrison streets, and those wishing the Best Photographs, Cartes De Visite, of other styles of Pictures, should bear in mind that the Forenoon is the best time to have Negatives taken. His ability to please subjects is conceded, hence there is no necessity of speaking in that respect. At this Gallery may also be found a larger collection of Oregon Views of Scenery from Astoria to the Idaho region, and on the Willamette river, and about Portland, than any other Gallery in the State, suitable for Albums, Stereoscopes, etc., which are offered at low figures, singly or by the dozen. Give me a call. Joseph Buchtel. Portland, Sept. 25th, 1865. " Oregonian, 25 September 1865 - 9 January 1866. at this time the text was revised, and this basic ad continued to run through 3 April 1866.
1865: "Fifth Annual State Fair...Mr. Jos. Buchtel of the photographic art, all make handsome displays in their respective branches of business..." Oregonian, 6 October 1865, pg. 2, col. 2
1865: "Fifth Annual State Fair...Mr. Buchtel of Portland has some Ambrotypes, also a case of stuffed birds, for all of which he received premiums." Oregonian, 9 October 1865, pg. 3, col. 2
1865: State Fair, entries noted: "Joseph Buchtel, Portland, Ambrotypes, Photographs", "Jo. Buchtel, Portland, Cabinet specimens", List of Premiums "Jo. Buchtel, Portland, exh't suffed animals, 1st p." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 9 October 1865, pg. 2, col. 1.
1865: "VIEWS OF FORT VANCOUVER.- Mr. Buchtel has recently visited Fort Vancouver, at the request of the Government officers, and taken a large view of the garrison in twelve sections, besides the quartermaster's building, officers' quarters, &c., the whole embracing about the total of Uncle Sam's possessions there. These views we understand will be sent to Washington, for some purpose of the Secretary of War. Mr. Buchtel has a large variety of views at his gallery for sale, to send any of which abroad would give people an idea that the arts flourish here. He has two that should go together. One shows the city at a time - 1852 - when Front street was a forest above the bridge, the prominent buildings wooden structures, with the gable ends sticking in irregular rows of one story and one story and a half on the street. In the back ground was a blacksmith shop, a stable and a few small buildings, among the denuded pines stood the Academy building. The other shows the city as it is at this time, and no better evidence of the prosperity of the place is needed to convince people what it is. Buy them, and send them broadcast over the country, friends of Oregon." Oregonian, 6 November 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865: "For Chief Engineer of the Portland Fire Department, Jos. Buchtel" Oregonian, 9 November 1865 (first insertion) (campaign ad for Fire Chief job)
1865 :THE FIREMAN'S ELECTION.- To-day the firemen of this city elect their Chief Engineer... The rival candidates for the office of Chief are Joseph Buchtel and Thos. G. Young. Mr. Buchtel is the present incumbent, and has filled the post for two years past, with credit to himself and satisfaction to the Department. We have not the right to enter the field of contest for the election of either... On this ground we attribute to Mr. Buchtel <illegible word> he deserves for the faithful attention he has bestowed upon the office for the past two terms, and only wish that o worse officer ma find a place in Portland. ..." (This is a guarded endorsement of Buchtel) Oregonian, 4 December 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865 :FIREMAN'S ELECTION.- The election yesterday for Chief Engineer ... resulted in the election of the following named gentlemen -For Chief Engineer, Thomas G. Young ... Two Hundred and fifty-three votes were cast. Mr. Young had 14 majority. After the polls were closed there was a friendly re-union at the House of No. 3, and when the result was announced Mr. Buchtel was called for and in a few well pointed remarks gave the Firemen to understand that he was perfectly well satisfied with the result and recommended the newly elected as a gentleman and as a Fireman deserving of the confidence the Department had bestowed upon him, by selecting him as their Chief. Mr. Young replied in the same happy manner, and said that while he should aim to cherish the trust reposed in him by his fellow Firemen, he had no aspiration for attempting to discharge the duties of the office more satisfactorily than his predecessor. Cheers were given loudly for each company in the Department, and the 'boys' dispersed in the best of fraternal feelings. The vote was as follows: FOR CHIEF ENGINEER; Thomas G. Young--123, Joseph Buchtel--109, Total Vote--232, Young's Majority--14." (further reading makes it apparent that 21 voters did not make a choice on the Chief Engineer, but did select candidates in other positions) Oregonian, 5 December 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1866: "FROM THE MOUNTAINS.- Mr. A. B. Woodard, who it will be recollected, left this city last spring for the purpose of sketching in photographic form, points in the upper country, has returned, with his portfolio replete with elegant views from the head of Salmon river to the eastern portion of Idaho. Mr. Hurd, who accompanied him, remained to take views of the magnificent falls on Snake river, which are far more grand than the famous Niagra. These views form the best collection of fine art, probably, extant in the country. Buchtel has duplicate copies. ..." Oregonian, 8 January 1866, pg. 3, col. 1. quoted fully under A. B. Woodard's listing in this book.
1866: "REINSTATED.- Joseph Buchtel has lately purchased the entire interest of A. B. Woodard in the gallery in Vaughn's building, and his card appears in another column. Mr. B. wishes his patrons to call in the forenoon, as much as may be possible, as that is decidedly the best time for taking the negative for pictures." Oregonian, 10 January 1866 pg. 3, col. 1.
1866: "COME ALWAYS IN THE FORENOON. JOSEPH BUCHTEL. Having purchased the entire interest of Mr. Woodard in the Gallery, in Vaughn's building, corner of Front and Morrison streets, would recommend to those wishing THE BEST PHOTOGRAPHS, CARTES DE VISITE, OR OTHER STYLE OF PICTURES that the fore-noon is the best time to have Negatives taken. His ability to please subjects is conceded, hence there is no need of speaking in that respect. N. B.- Oregon Views suitable for Albums, Stereoscopes, etc., at low figures, singly or by the dozen. Give me a call. Portland, Oct 25, 1865 Joseph Buchtel." Oregonian, 10 January 1866 pg. 2, col. 4. (first insertion of revised text)
1866: "FIREMAN'S COMPANY ELECTIONS.- The annual election of officers for the various fire companies of this city, for the coming year, took place last evening with the following results... Multnomah Company No. 2... Joseph Buchtel, 1st Assistant..." Oregonian, 2 February 1866, pg. 3, col. 1.
1866: "Come in the Morning! To BUCHTEL'S PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, the only establishment in Oregon that is thoroughly prepared to do all the different styles of work in the art. Photographs from card to life size. The new Cabinet Cards, etc., etc. Small pictures enlarged, retouched in India ink- painted in water colors or oil by Mr. S. J. Rumsey. Pictures that are fading can be reproduced in this way. All negatives taken in this Gallery will be carefully preserved, and additional copies had. I have now, on hand a very large collection of negatives, the names of which are recorded alphabetically in a book for that purpose that can be seen in the reception room." unidentified newspaper advertisement, early 1866.
1866: "Portland Items.- ... The Firemen of Portland have recently presented their Chief Engineer, Joseph Buchtel, an elegant gold watch, valued at $150, as a token of their consideration..." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 9 April 1866, pg. 3, col. 1.
1866: "PREMIUM PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY.- Cor. Front and Morrison Sts., Portland, JOS. BUCHTEL, Proprietor and Operator. His Photographic Work has taken the First Premium every year since the organization of the Oregon State Fairs. Pictures in every style of the art, from the smallest Ring Picture to Double Life Size, if desired. Views and Oregon Scenery for sale. The Finest Collection of Birds and animals on the coast are to be seen at his Rooms." Oregonian, 3 May - 4 June 1866.
1866: "Most Beautiful Photographic Work is now being done at Buhctel's Premium Gallery. The Enameled Card Pictures- attracting so much attention in other sections- is being taken at the above gallery, the only rooms in the State where it may be had. Buchtel is the pioneer photographer and ambrotypes, and introduces, all the new styles in his line in the State of Oregon, taking the first ambrotype, first photograph and first premiums. Rooms on Front street, corner of Morrison." Oregonian, 14 May - 3 June 1866
1866: "SUN PEARL - Mr. Buchtel yesterday placed ...<illegible>... eyes a frame of nine sun pearl pictures, which we are certain cannot be beat in any city. They were taken at his gallery, at the corner of Front and Morrison streets, in this city, by Mr. Bagnasco Policarpo, a Parisian artist, late of San Francisco, now in the employ of Mr. Buchtel. In another column Mr. B. invites the public to call at his gallery and examine specimens." Oregonian, 25 August 1866, pg. 3 col. 1
1866: "THE LATEST STYLE OF FINE ART PICTURES, the attention of the public is invited to the fact that JOSEPH BUCHTEL'S PIONEER GALLERY, corner of Front and Morrison streets, Portland, Oregon, is the only place in this state where those beautiful SUN PEARLS are produced in a manner equal to the art in San Francisco, New York, or European cities. Having employed the services of the Best Operator on the Pacific Coast, Mr. Bagnasco Policarpo, of Paris, late of San Francisco, the undersigned is better prepared than any other Gallery to furnish all styles of Pictures known to the Art. The public are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens, which shall be sufficient to convince the most skeptical of the truth of the above statements. Critics are invited to call. Portland, August 25th, 1866. Joseph Buchtel." Oregonian, 25 August - 1 September 1866
1866: "We were glad to meet our friend Joseph Buchtel on the street yesterday, after a few days confinement occasioned by spraining his right ankle, when ...<illegible>...accomplished at the match game of ball, played in East Portland on Friday evening. The injury did not interrupt his business, as Mr. Policarpo attends to the picture department." Oregonian, 4 September 1866, pg. 3 col. 1
1866: "THE INDICATORS are that we are to have a pleasant season and clear weather for a few weeks, and all should bear in mind that BUCHTEL is now taking those inimitable SUN PEARLS that everybody admire (sic) so much, and also the most beautiful photographs. Come always in the forenoon, and examine the specimens. Experience, material, and close business habits need no bomblast." Oregonian, 19 - 21 September 1866
1866: "Buchtel of Portland was awarded a first premium for Sun Pearls" Oregonian, 22 October 1866 pg. 2, col. 2. State Fair awards
1866: "Buchtel's Premium Gallery was represented at the State Fair, as it always has been, and did take the FIRST PREMIUM as usual. His work stands for itself and does not require bombastic puffs in self written cards to recommend itself to the public. All kinds of work in the art furnished in the very latest styles." Oregonian, 23 October - 7 November 1866
1866: "Passengers for Steamer Montana...Joseph Buchtel..." (destination is San Francisco) Oregonian, 13 December 1866 pg. 3, col. 1
1867: "BUCHTEL - Jo. Buchtel is still in the picture business and is prepared to do the subject justice. See his spec<...illegible...> on 2d page." Oregonian 21 January 1867 pg. 3, col. 1
1867: "NEW ARRANGEMENT - THE OLD BUCHTEL & CARDWELL PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, 89 First Street, has passed into the hands of JOSEPH BUCHTEL, proprietor and operator, who, having just returned from San Francisco, with ALL THE LATE IMPROVEMENTS, is prepared to take every style of picture known to the art." Oregonian 21 January 1867.
1868: "Buchtel's Photograph Gallery is the only establishment in Oregon that is thoroughly prepared to do all the different styles of work in the art. Photographs from card to life size. The new Cabinet Cards, &c., &c. Small pictures enlarged (retouched in India ink- painted in water colors or oil, by Mrs. S. J. Rumsey.) All negatives taken in this gallery will be carefully preserved, that additional copies may be had, Mr. B has now on hand a very large collection of negatives, the names of which are recorded alphabetically in a book for that purpose, which may be seen in the reception room." The Weekly Enterprise, Oregon City, 18 January 1868
1868: "To those who want of photographs, we would say that now is a first rate time to visit Buchtel's Gallery, where the latest and finest styles may be had - J. H. Montgomery, Operator." Oregonian, 15 June - 30 June, 1868, pg. 3, col. 2 (previous ads not checked for start date, 30 June was last)
1868: "Come in the forenoon to Buchtel's Gallery for the finest work in the art of photography. Sun Pearls, Imperial Cards, Ambrotypes, Plain Photographs, Old Pictures Enlarged, re-touched, painted in oil or water colors. Come in the morning." Oregonian, 1 July 1868 (first insertion) - 16 November 1868 (last insertion).
1869: "Buchtel, the popular artist of Oregon, has at Portland some photographing instruments for sale at a low figure, which he warrants true and good." Enterprise, (Oregon City) 6 February 1869, pg. 3, col. 1.
1870: "1853-1870 BUCHTEL'S GALLERY Sun Pearls, Mezzotints, Ambrotypes, Adamantean Pearls, on Watches, Photographs with all the late Improvements; Old Pictures enlarged, retouched, painted in Oil or Water Colors, Views of Buildings, &c., &c. Fair Prices and Superior Work. Oregonian, 5 April - 4 June 1870
1871: "Joseph Buchtel, Photographic Gallery, no. 91 First St, Corbett's Bldg, Portland" J. Henry Brown, 1871 Salem Directory, (Salem; Snyder & Cook, 1871) pg. 24.
1871: "J. BUCHTEL'S NEW PHOTOGRAPHIC ROOMS, No. 91 Front Street (Second door south of his old stand), Portland, Oregon. I am prepared to execute all work in my line in a superior manner, with all the latest improvements in the art. Nothing but first class work done at my new and magnificent rooms, at low prices. Call and see specimens Feb. 10, 1871" The Weekly Enterprise (Oregon City) 10 February 1871.
1871: "Pictures- Read the advertisement of Jo. Buchtel, of Portland, The reputation of this gentleman is too well known to need any recommendation, and he is now better prepared to execute work than ever" The Weekly Enterprise (Oregon City) 10 February 1871, pg. 3, col. 2.
1871: "Pictures.- A special train went up last Saturday, having on board Carl Bosco, operator for Mr. J. Buchtel, of Portland, taking views of the scenery along the road. We are informed that some of these views are really beautiful. They are taken for the purpose of sending them to the East and Europe." Oregon City Enterprise, 30 June 1871, pg. 3, col. 1.
1871: "Photographs- Mr. Buchtel is very busily engaged at present on several important pieces of work. He is completing his views taken on the line of the O. & C. Railroad, and is also making a large number of copies of the unk weed (sic), a specific remedy for rheumatism." The Oregon Herald (Portland) 18 July 1871, pg. 1, col. 2
1872: "The State Fair... Fine Arts... Next is a set of frames, containing photographs by Buchtel & Stolte, as only they can get them up..." Oregonian, 3 October 1872, pg. 1, col. 7.
1872: "RUINS PHOTOGRAPHED- Photography is now-a-days called into requisition in sketching scenes of rain and desolation, as much as in handsome, costly edifices, or the undisturbed face of nature. We were strongly reminded of this fact, by observing Joseph Buchtel busily engaged last Saturday in transferring the crumbling, blackened walls, charred timber, half melted columns and doors, which mark the somber outlines of the burnt district, to pasteboard, through the scientific processes of chemistry and the intervention of his camera obscura. A number of views were taken from different standpoints. Such views sent abroad may enable the public to form some idea of the extant and character of the calamity." Oregonian, 30 December 1872, pg. 3, col. 1.
1873: "Buchtel's Boys, otherwise the new base ball club, meet to organize at Buchtel & Stolte's gallery this evening." Oregonian, 3 April 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "PHOTOGRAPHED.- On Saturday Buchtel and Stolte took photographs of the interior and exterior of Armory Hall. The interior of the room was arranged as on the day previous, the guards from the two military companies being in position. These pictures will be sent East on Tuesday to the publishers of the Eastern papers for publication.." Oregonian, 21 April 1873, pg. 3, col. 3.
1873: "A first class photograph is worth a good price. A poor one is of no value whatsoever. Therefore, the motto of Buchtel & Stolte is - superior work, equal to any in the United States, for which we demand a good price, and receive the same. Our new Viewing Wagon, for Scenic Views, is now ready, and all orders for pictures of buildings, etc, promptly attended to, at the First Premium Gallery, No. 91 First Street, Portland, Oregon." Oregonian, 22 April - 3 July 1873.
1873: The Pioneer Baseball club met last night and selected the first nine. Herewith is a correct list: Jos. Buchtel, pitcher..." Oregonian, 21 May 1873, pg. 3, col. 1.
1873: "1853 - 1873. No. 91 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Buchtel & Stolte's First Premium Gallery. With all the late improvements, and the new styles in the art of Photography. Buchtel's Patent Background and Plate-holder. None but First-class Artists employed. All work warranted qural to the best in the United States. Scenic views, views of buildings, etc., taken to order and promptly attended to." The Daily Evening News (Portland) 3 June 1873 - 30 June 1873.(previous issues not available for checking)
1873: "Buchtel & Stolte are exhibiting a number of photographic views of Clatsop Beach." Oregonian, 9 July 1873, pg. 3, col. 2
1873: "Those who have a curiosity to see photographs of the redoubtable Capt. Jack and other Modoc Chiefs can do so by calling at Buchtel & Stolte's gallery." Oregonian, 26 July 1873, pg. 3, col. 2
1873: "In J. K. Gill & Co.'s window is a series of fine photographs of Clatsop scenes taken by Bosco." Oregonian, 2 August 1873, pg. 3, col. 2
1874: "Mr. Joseph Buchtel will exhibit his new electrical idea by a trial this week.It is of special interest to firemen." Oregonian, 23 March 1874, pg. 3, col. 2
1874: "A PRACTICAL TEST.- Multnomah Engine Co. will drill this afternoon, when Mr. Joseph Buchtel will make a practical test of his new invention, the telegraphic signal. It is a novelty that should be seen to be appreciated. The drill will take place at 4:30 P. M., in a prominent locality. We shall give a full description of the invention and its workings in our next issue." Oregonian, 28 March 1874, pg. 3, col. 1.
1874: "THE EXHIBITION.- Punctual to the hour, Multnomah Fire Company were at their posts on Saturday. The new steamer was drawn to the intersection of Pine and Second streets, and soon the steam gauge had risen to sufficient height to warrant a commencement of the exhibition of ex-Chief Engineer Jos. Buchtel's invention, the Hoseman's Telegraphic Signal- as such we name it, thinking no better name could be applied to it. Mr Buchtel's idea was to show the practicality of applying a telegraphic line from the engine to the hose-man at the nozzle. On the driver's seat was placed two jars containing the chemicals, from which the wires extended to the instrument attached in another part of the engine. Two wires ran from the instrument through the battery, and thence along he hose some two hundred feet, to within three feet of the nozzle. Here the wires connected with a key.
All being in readiness the signal (one)_ was given to start by tapping the key with the thumb. In less time than it takes to tell it the electricity in the wires carried the signal to the instrument whereon a miniature bell is attached. A single tap is heard and the engineer responds by a signal from the steam whistle indicating that the hoseman's signal was understood. The throttle is thrown open in a moment and the stream is on. Three taps from the hoseman indicates that a faster stream is wanted, and is answered. Now two taps of the bell is heard and the engineer slows up and finally one tap is heard on the bell and the water is stopped. This was repeated several times and immediately a response was given. The telegraph worked to perfection, the signal being heard clearly while the machinery of the engine was in full motion. This was merely a test. It is the intention, of course, that the wires should be attached to the hose in such a manner as to escape injury. At the connections the wires will communicate by a strap attachment and when in perfect order can be carried about with as much freedom as though no wires were connected. Mr Buchtel is confident that the invention will meet with favor. the idea is certainly an excellent one and in case of small fires where but little water is necessary the telegraphic attachment will prove a great saving of property and at the same time save hoseman the trouble of communicating with the engineer by leaving the hose or sending word though and officer. The trial was witnessed by quite a number of persons." Oregonian, 30 March 1874, pg. 3, col. 1.
1874: "Buchtel's Improved Plate Holder..." Detailed description of the wet plate negative holder designed by Buchtel. The main feature is two small cups designed to collect the excess drippings of silver nitrate from wet collodion emulsions. The excess silver bath would run off into the cups, from where it could be recycled, preventing the waste of silver and keeping the camera interior clean. The text announced Buchtel's plate holder would be installed as standard equipment on all future American Optical Company cameras. The holder was manufactured and sold by Scovill Manufacturing Co. The Photographic Times, Vol. IV, No. 42, June 1874. pg. 85-86. includes engraved illustration.
1874: "For Fine and Artistic Photographs go to Buchtel & Stolte, 91 and 93 First Street, the only First Class Gallery in the State" Oregonian, 10 June - 7 September 1874
1874: "Bosco, at Buchtel & Stolte's, has taken several fine photographs of Mrs. Fanny Morgan Phelps, which are to be seen in the show-windows." Oregonian, 10 June 1874, pg. 3, col. 2
1875: "At His Post Again - The fine photograph gallery of Messrs. Buchtel & Stolte, makes another stride in advance. Mr. Buchtel has visited the principal galleries of the Eastern States, and has returned with all the newest implements in styles, methods and apparatus. He will be at the camera himself, and, with his excellent skill as an artist, and the new facilities secured, will turn out as fine work as can be done anywhere. There will also be an experienced and skillful retoucher attached to the establishment, to retouch or color pictures when desired. We are sure our people will appreciate these efforts to furnish them the very best." Oregonian, 5 January 1875, pg. 3, col. 1.
1875: "Buchtel and Stolte's first-class photograph gallery, established in 1853, possesses all the facilities to do better work than any other gallery in the State. All the new styles in the East are make in our rooms. We preserve ALL OUR NEGATIVES, and have at present over 12,000 on hand from which duplicate copies can be had at any time. We have engaged the services of Mr. Chas. Hasselman, late of Sarony's in New York, and Bradley and Rulofson and G.D. Morse's. San Francisco. Oil paintings, photographs in water colors, or India ink, and also the beautiful crayon pictures, executed in a superior style. Call and examine specimens." Oregonian, 3 March-Modified 6 March 1875. pg.3 col.2
1875: "We are now prepared to reproduce from old and faded pictures, the finest work in Crayon, India Ink or Water Colors. Call and examine specimens. There is no longer any necessity to send such work out of the State when it can be done in a superior style under your own observation. Buchtel and Stoltes. 91 and 93 First
Street." Oregonian -31 March 1875
1875: "Buchtel and Stolte have opened in their large, elegant and convenient rooms in Goodnough's new building. First and Morrison streets. The rooms were arranged especially for the business and will rank with the best in the country. The firm have recently purchased the business of Bosco and Megler and engaged the services of Mr. Bosco, whose reputation is A No. 1 as photographer. With the consolidation of these large houses and the experience of the gentlemen connected with them, we see no reason why success should not attend them. By all means call at the new rooms. Note ad." Oregonian 18 August 1875 pg. 3, col. 4
1875: "Removed. Buchtel and Stolte, the leading Photographers, have removed to their new Palace of Art. Cor. First and Morrison Sts." Oregonian 18 August-18 Sept.1875
1875: "BUCHTEL & STOLTE PHOTOGRAPHIC ART GALLERY!!! Cor. of First and Morrison Streets, PORTLAND, OREGON. THIS NEW AND COMPLETE ESTABLISHMENT has better facilities and produces finer work than any other Gallery in the State. Pictures Copied, Enlarged, and Finished in India Ink, Oil, Crayon, or Water Colors in the finest style. Orders from the country promptly attended to. Portland, Oregon April 1, 1875" Weekly Mountaineer, (The Dalles) 19 Feb. 1876 pg. 3 col. 1 (regular insertion, first appearance 1 April 1875, tracked through 29 April 1876, further issues not checked)
1875: "For the best Photographs go to Buchtel & Stolte's Palace of Art, cor. First and Morrison streets" The Daily Bee, (Portland) 2 - 5 November 1875
1875: "Messrs. Buchtel, Stolte & Morse, at the Palace of Art, corner First and Morrison streets, have just received a large invoice of Fine Art goods for the holidays. We notice that the fine assortment of Prang's chromos show a long stride in the chromo-lithographic art during the past year." The Portland Bee, 7 December 1875.
1875: "Buchtel, Stolte, & Morse have their large, handsome show window filled with the most tasty array of work of art ever exhibited in this city. (describes engravings, oil paintings, chromos, statuary, musical instruments etc.)" The Portland Bee, 10 December 1875
1876: "Some very fine photographic statuary can be seen at the handsome show window of the Art Palace, First street. They are elegant specimens of art, and are fit to adorn any parlor. Messrs. Buchtel, Stolte & Morse have about 300 such views." Oregonian, 27 March, 1876 pg. 3 col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1876: "Scholars Photographed. This morning being exactly suited for the taking of a good photograph, with just the proper degree of light and shade, Mr. Joseph Buchtel shouldered his camera and proceeded to the Custom House, placed it in good position, and when the children of the Central School (numbering about 500) were having their forenoon recess, marshaled them in line, girls and boys promiscuously, big and little, old and young, and, with the aid of the teachers, kept them still while he took their youthful, pretty and sparkling faces. They will certainly make an attractive and pretty picture." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 10 April 1876 pg. 4, col. 2.
1876: "Die beftausgefuhrten Photographien verfertigen Buchtel & Stolte Erfte Gtrabe, Sudweft=Ede von Morrison Str. Portland, Oregon." Deutsche Beitung, (Portland, German language) 29 April 1876 pg. 1 col. 6 (regular insertion)
1876: "A Picture of '62. At the cigar store of Mr. Issac Blum, on First street, may be seen a photograph of Front street, taken by Buchtel & Cardwell during the flood of '62. The old Columbian and American Exchange Hotels are easily recognized, and the situation is somewhat similar to that of to-day. <ed note- this item appeared during the flood of 1876> Boats, sidewalks, rafts and passengers are seen, presenting the same features, and one might easily imagine it a picture of the present but for the absence of some few of the old landmarks." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 23 June 1876, pg. 4, col. 2 <ed note- a print of this view is in the OHS>
1876: "JUST RECEIVED AT THE PALACE OF ART, the finest lot of Engravings, Chromos, Photographs, and Frames ever brought to this city. 121 First Street. Buchtel, Stolte & Morse" The Daily Bee, (Portland) 6 July - 7 August 1876.
1876: "Fine Photographs. Messrs. Buchtel & Stolte forwarded last evening for exhibition to Mr. Dufur at Philadelphia, photographic views, executed in the highest style of the art, of the following residences, public buildings and famous scenery: Post office, bank of British Columbia, police building, Glisan's, Ankeny's and Smith's buildings on First street, Oregon City woolen mils, court house, bridge across the Willamette at Harrisburg, Willamette falls at Oregon City, Carter's building corner of Front and Alder streets, Mount Hood from Portland, the locks at Oregon City, Willamette falls and locks, Ankeny's block and market, Clarendon Hotel, Seaside House, Mount Hood, bridge across the Neacanicum creek at the seaside, summit of Mount Hood, the landing at the lower Cascades, Harrison shoals, White river falls, the residences of J. C. Ainsworth, S. G. Reed, A. G. Cunningham, A. Goodnough, A. Nicolai, L. White, J. A. Chapman, E. Milwain and Ben Holladay. The pictures are large and attractive and will command universal attention." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 9 August 1876, pg. 4., col. 1.
1877: "The Pioneer Ball... committee of arrangements... Joseph Buchtel- Floor Manager... " Daily Bee, (Portland) 26 May 1877, pg. 3, col. 2
1877: "Handsome Show-case. Messrs. Buchtel & Stolte have just had a mammoth case for the display of photographs built at the the down-stairs entrance to their gallery. It is about eight feet high, ten feet wide and is made of ornamental wood. The workmanship is very fine. The case is filled with photographs, as true as nature and of finest finish, of well-known people of this city. Altogether, it is indeed 'a thing of beauty." Daily Bee, (Portland) 31 May 1877, pg. 3, col. 2
1877: "For the best Photographs go to Buchtel & Stolte's Palace of Art, corner of First and Morrison streets, Portland, Oregon." The New Northwest, (Portland) 2 March 1877 pg. 3 col. 6 (regular insertion, other issues not checked)
1877: "BUCHTEL & STOLTE The well known photographers of your city, are on hand with their usual display of fine work, which we have no hesitancy in saying is excelled by no firm in the State. Their display adds very materially to the beauty of the surroundings and their work excites admiration on every hand." Daily Bee, (Portland) 11 Oct 1877 pg. 3, col. 2.
1877: "A Splendid Indorsement (sic) of BUCHTEL & STOLTE'S Photographic Work. The Morton Photographs.
Portland, July 17, 1877
Messrs. Buchtel & Stoltes- Gentlemen: I concur with Mr. Morton in the opinion that your photographs are the finest I have ever had taken. Respectfully yours, O. P. Morton.
Indianapolis, Oct. 17, 1877
Buchtel & Stoltes- Gents: Mrs. Morton has requested me to write you to send her, at this place, as early as possible, a number of photographs of the Senator you took while in your city. It is pronounced by all who have examined it to be the best photograph ever taken of the Senator. Respectfully yours, W. H. Holloway.
(Telegram) Indianapolis, No. 19, 1877
Buchtel & Stoltes, Portland, Or.- Please send me at once two dozen photographs of Senator Morton, with bill. Mrs. O. P. Morton." Daily Bee, (Portland) 22 - 24 November 1877
1877: "Buchtel & Stolte have placed us under obligations for one of their splendid photographs of Senator O. P. Morton, deceased. It is really an artistic portrait, and for the highest enconiums of praise we would refer our readers to the correspondence published in another column. It speaks for itself." Daily Bee, (Portland) 22 November 1877 pg. 3, col. 2.
1878: "Buchtel & Stolte make as fine work in the photograph line as any gallery in the United States, and the best in Oregon." Oregonian, 18 October 1878, (not tracked).
1878: "THE STATE FAIR... Pavilion... The pictures competing for premiums, exhibited by the rival photographers of Portland, Buchtel & Stolte and Frank G. Abell, are fine in the extreme. The display of the former is favored by the best position and light; and receives four first premiums, the first being for the largest and best collection. The latter receives first premium for the best retouched photographs and display of cartes de visite." Oregonian, 18 October 1878 pg. 1, col. 4.
1878: "Joe Buchtel's Blue Ribbon. Joe Buchtel, the champion photographer, has been again the recipient of the first prize, the blue ribbon, for the superiority of his work at the State Fair. This is the eighteenth fair that has distinguished Joe in the same-proud manner, and as an artist he is deserving, he having no superior on the Pacific Coast. In fact, his work is the equal of any in any part of the globe.." Daily Bee, (Portland) 19 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 4
1878: "MECHANICS FAIR: ... Buchtel & Stolte. This long established and well known gallery have on exhibition some of the most elegant specimens of photographic work ever shown in the State, and second to none of the best done in the famous galleries of San Francisco or the east. The 'counterfeit presentment' of some of our leading citizens are true to nature, and are elegant samples of this art. Their frames bear several blue ribbons as trophies at the State Fair." Oregonian, 24 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 3.
1878: "A cameo portrait of the late Senator Morton is being executed in New York from a photograph of the statesman by Messrs. Buchtel & Stolte, of this city" Daily Bee, (Portland) 14 November 1878, pg. 3, col. 4.
1879: "Never go to a second class gallery for a photograph, you will have to pay the same price that Buchtel charges for a first class photograph" Oregonian, 17 February 1879 advertisement
1879: "Pictures by Lightning. Having obtained the process of taking pictures with lightning rapidity (by Lambert's Patent) I am now prepared to do work better than heretofore, and assure the public that none but the best work shall leave the gallery. Joseph Buchtel" Daily Standard, (Portland) 13 March 1879, pg. 3 col. 6 (last insertion 13 May 1879)
1879: "Mr. Joseph Buchtel, the pioneer photographer artist of Oregon, has engaged a first class artist, and will in the future, as in the past, turn out premium work. Patrons attended to by an obliging gentleman in the reception room." Daily Bee (Portland) 14 July 1879, pg. 3, col. 6.
1879: list of exhibitors at the Mechanics Fair: "... Joseph Buchtel..." The Daily Bee (Portland), 16 October, pg. 4, col. 3.
1879: account of the Mechanics' Fair: "The Buchtel Gallery. Mr. Joseph Buchtel has an array of photographs that is very attractive in many respects. The pictures of Gen. Grant and other notables, the likenesses of many well-known citizens, and above all the splendid work make up the intense interest of the crowds in his collection. At the top is a life size picture of the late Mr. Tatum, taken nineteen years ago, as good now as when first executed. In the center of his group is a frame of thirty enameled cabinets, prepared over a year ago, and exhibited at the State Fair last year, which are as perfect as when first put up. These facts attest the durability of Buchtel’s works. The point of interest in this display however, is the framed group of transparent photographs, the negatives so arranged and prepared by a new process that a light placed behind throws out these pictures with a startling and brilliant effect. Mr. Buchtel’s glass show case with specimens tastefully arranged, and his sample pictures on the south end of the art gallery are deserving of special examination for the fine character of the work. He is one of our oldest artists, having been for years in business in this city and ranks among his list of negatives all the distinguished citizens of this and other countries that ever visited our city." The Daily Bee (Portland); 22 Oct. 1879 pg. 3 col. 6
1879: "Something New at Buchtel's Gallery. The double combination and the patent solar attachment are the grandest and most sublime picture yet seen on the Pacific Coast. They are accurate and beautiful and perfectly true to nature. If you patronize this gallery you will not regret it. Mr. Buchtel is a talented artist and does everything first-class" Daily Standard, (Portland) 1 Sept 1879, pg. 2 col. 3
1880: "...The candidate for sheriff is Mr. Joseph Buchtel than whom there are few more popular of better known men in the county. He was put on the ticket for several reasons among which are, he is a sound republican, he is universally liked by those who know him, he is capable and thoroughly honest and because he can defeat Mr. Norden, who in all probability will be the democratic nominee. He has a host of friends who will work earnestly from now until election day for his success." Oregonian, 26 May 1880, pg. 2, col. 1.
1880: "Joe Buchtel has lived in this county twenty-six years, and the people all know him to be a public spirited, enterprising man; courteous and obliging to all, fully as competent as Ben Norten to discharge the duties of the office of sheriff. If elected, he will not appoint as deputy a man worth over a hundred thousand dollars, to the exclusion of poorer men, equally as competent and deserving otherwise" Oregonian, 7 June 1880, pg. 2, col. 2.
1880: Final returns of election, broken down by candidate and precincts. Buchtel = 2613, Norden = 2208. Oregonian, 9 June 1880, pg. 3, col. 3.
1880: Death and funeral of Albert Z Buchtel, 12-14 August 1880, quoted under Albert Z. Buchtel in this book.
1880: "San Francisco Gallery, Formerly Buchtel's, First Street, Cor of Morrison, UpStairs. Having Leased the Above First class and well-known Photographic Gallery, Formerly occupied by Joseph Buchtel, ...W. H. TOWNE" Oregonian, 14 Aug 1880 pg. 2 col. 8 (probable date of first insertion 3 Aug)
MANY ADDITIONAL ITEMS LOCATED IN TOWNE'S SECTION IN THIS BOOK.
1882: "It is alleged that promises are out from Sheriff Buchtel for the appointment of a large number of deputies for service on election day, and that Ben Norden is to select such as he may deem most efficient for certain political work. We shall not credit this story. <ed note- this means they will not reveal the source> There is no actual authority for the appointment of such special deputies, nor in any case in this county has there been need of them; and more than all, Mr. Buchtel is known as a fair man and conscientious official. We are greatly mistaken in him if he would allow his office to be used for any political, partisan, or other illegitimate purpose. Appointment of deputy sheriffs, deputy marshals or special policemen under pretense of keeping the peace at the polls has always been as practiced here, an expedient to control voters in improper ways. It is a method of coercion and corruption combined" Oregonian, 4 June 1882, pg. 2, col. 1.
1889: "NEW EVIDENCE.- The somewhat famous Buchtel-Dudley case comes up in Judge Shattuck's court to-day. Mr. Buchtel stated to a reporter yesterday that he had three new witnesses to introduce upon this new trial, which did not get here in time tor the first hearing of the case. It is understood that their testimony will have chiefly to do with Mr. Dudley's alleged bad character. Mr. Dudley, on the other hand is equally confident that the new jury will give him a speedy and unanimous verdict." Oregonian, 18 February 1889, pg. 5, col. 2.
1894: account of fire in flooded district; Buchtel personally organizes the extinguishment. Oregonian 5 June 1894 pg. 6, col. 1
1894: account of fire in flooded district; Buchtel has problems with fire engine out of commission. Oregonian 6 June 1894 pg. 6, col. 1
1895: "THE EFFICIENT CHIEF ENGINEER...(biography of Buchtel as fire chief)...On the occasion of two of the greatest fires in Portland’s history, he was called from his position as foreman of an engine to take full charge of the department with all the authority of the chief engineer. One of these fires was that which destroyed Harbaugh & Stitzel’s mill. During the height of the fire, Chief T. G. Young was disabled by being badly burned. Chief Young immediately selected Mr. Buchtel to act in his place, and it was under the able management of the latter gentleman that the conflagration was quickly brought under control. The next time Mr. Buchtel was called upon to fill the same office was at the great levee fire, which leveled three entire blocks to the ground. <ed note- this was the 22 December 1872 fire> On this occasion he relieved Archie Williams as chief at the latter’s request, and again, under the prompt action of Mr. Buchtel and his assistants, control was finally gained over the fire...Perhaps the most unique and distinguished service Mr. Buchtel rendered the city was the task imposed on him in fighting the fire along the river front during the unprecedented flood of last year. During the time that Portland’s principal streets were under water, it was impossible to get any of the fire engines into the business district along Front of First street. With wise forethought, Mr. Buchtel had mounted a number of engines on barges, which he kept moored at convenient points throughout the submerged district, ready for instant use. The time came for the aid of the floating fire-destroyers in the conflagration on the river front in the most thickly built district of the city, and it was due to the wisdom of Portland’s able chief in having these engines mounted on barges, which could easily be towed to any part of the city that was under water, that saved Portland from one of the most disastrous fires in her history. During the crisis of the flood Mr. Buchtel arranged a canvas suit for attaching hose to submerged connections that has been termed one of the most remarkable devices ever invented by a chief engineer..." Oregonian, 1 January 1895, pg. 22, col. 7 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1901: "Death of Frank Buchtel ..." obituary for son of Joe Buchtel at age 39. Oregonian 9 May 1901, pg. 7, col. 4.
1902: Buchtel photo of George Collier Robbins home, claimed to have been taken in 1856, reproduced in unidentified newspaper clipping dated 12 January 1902, Oregon Historical Society scrapbook No. 37, pg. 210. <the author has reason to believe that the identification provided in this newspaper caption is not entirely correct>
1904: "Pioneer Building Decays ... Joseph Buchtel Thinks it Should be Preserved as Monument to Hudson's Bay Factor.... (account of Buchtel's reminisces of McLoughlin) ... When I had a picture gallery in Oregon City, shortly before his death in 1857, the venerable old man, with his flowing white locks, came into my study and said he wanted his picture taken. Naturally, I wanted to please him and did the best I could to get his likeness. We then took the old daguerreotype pictures. I took one picture and showed it to him. He said in a rather gruff tone, 'Don't like it. Take it away.' I was determined to please him, and make half a dozen in the same way, and each time he said, 'Don't like it. Take it away.' By this time I got out of patience and told him I could do no better, and that the pictures were the best that any one could take. 'Who said they are not good?' he answered. 'Well, you said you didn't like them.' I answered. 'Of course, I don't like them. They make my hair look white, when it once was black. Finish them all up and send them around with the bill.'
'I finished up the pictures and these are the pictures we have today of the old man ... " Oregonian, 10 October 1904, pg. 9, col. 3.
1904: "May Be Preserved- Joe Buchtel thinks he will have to employ a private secretary to answer the letters that have been pouring in concerning the movement to preserve the old home of Dr. McLaughlin, since he made the suggestion last Monday. ..." Oregon City Enterprise, 21 October 1904, pg. 5, col. 2.
1907: Buchtel, doing historical research, locates pioneer J. H. Sutton, living in New York. unidentified newspaper clipping dated 22 October 1907, Oregon Historical Society scrapbook No. 50, pg. 37
1912: Oregonian, 21 July 1912 sec. 5 pg. 1 goes blind
1913: (obituary for Marie Hendee, includes remarks by Joseph Buchtel. "...'Hendee' said Joseph Buchtel 'had a gallery on Washington street, near First, and my gallery was on the fourth floor of the Canton building, in 1853. I made pictures in the Spring and Hendee in the Fall. We then made what was called daguerreotypes'..." Oregonian, 19 Nov 1913 pg. 12
1913: "MR. BUCHTEL IS 83 TODAY..." (short article) Oregonian, 22 Nov 1913 pg. 1, col. 6.
1914: "JOSEPH BUCHTEL 84 ... Mr. Buchtel came to Portland when it was a struggling village. He and Captain G. A. Pease are the only two surviving men who operated on the Willamette River in 1852, 1853 and 1854. All the other river man have passed away. At that time and for many years afterward steamers were operated to Corvallis and were the chief means of transportation in the Willamette Valley to and from Portland. Mr. Buchtel was steward on the 'Wallamut,' the largest steamer on the Willamette River. He said that the boat often carried 200 passengers to Salem.
EARLY PHOTOS OF CITY MADE- ... He was one of the earliest photographers, and his views of Portland as a village are the only ones extant at present..." (much additional material not related to photography. includes portrait) Oregonian, 23 Nov 1914 pg. 7, col. 4.
1915: "JOE BUCHTEL, BALL PLAYER, WED 60 YEARS ... Joe had a gallery in Oregon City, where he worked in the Summers. In the Winters he ran as steward on the Willamette River on such boats as the Canemah, Willamette and Shoalwater, the run being from Canemah to Lafayette, sometimes in high water as far up as Salem and occasionally beyond there.
Canemah, the old town above Willamette Falls, on the west side of the river, is little known now, but before the the locks were put in around the falls it was quite a town, being the lower landing for all of the river boats above the falls. Soon he established himself in Portland, his first gallery being in the fifth story of the Canton House, corner of Front and Washington streets, and later in the first brick building erected on Front street, the Shelby building. Then he removed 'way up town' to Second and Morrison streets. During those early days he used to go to Astoria, Salem and Vancouver, sometimes remaining for a month, and always doing a good business... "(much additional material not related to photography. Article by Addison Bennett, who states she interviewed Buchtel for several hours the previous day) Oregonian, 23 April 1915 pg. 7, col. 1-2.
1915: Evening Telegram, (Portland) 22 Nov 1915 pg. 7
1915: Oregonian, 24 Nov 1915 pg. 11 85th birthday
1916: Evening Telegram, (Portland) 11 Aug 1916 pg. 6,7 obituary
1916: "Joseph Buchtel, 86, Pioneer of Oregon, Dies at his home. Former Sheriff and Chief of Fire Department Dies After Lingering Illness...Mr. Buchtel served as a deputy sheriff in Champaign county, Illinois, when Abraham Lincoln was an attorney at court. With an immigration train of 60 wagons, Mr. Buchtel left Illinois on April 23, 1852, crossed the plains to Oregon and arrived here September 27. No trouble with Indians was encountered on the journey. Food became low near the end of the journey and 14 men were sent ahead so that those of the main body of the train would have enough provisions. Mr. Buchtel was one of the 14.
...He was associated with Judge Beck in agitating the question of constructing a bridge across the Willamette river, and, though it was delayed by a court injunction for seven years, at the end of that time the Morrison street bridge was erected by a corporation, and when the bridge was opened Mr. Buchtel's efforts in bringing this about were recognized when he was chosen the first man to cross by authority, riding at the head of a procession.
...Mr. Buchtel organized the East Side Improvement association, being the first association of business men organized to develop the interests of the east side. He secured the first franchise and laid the rails for a street railway on Grand avenue, the terminus to be City View Park.
For two years Mr. Buchtel was county sheriff and was twice chief of the volunteer fire department, of which he was one of the organizers. He became the fourth chief of the paid fire department and acted in that capacity for two years..." (additional information about his athletic activities, fraternal associations, surviving relatives, funeral arrangements) Oregonian, 11 Aug 1916 pg. 9
1916: Evening Telegram, (Portland) 12 Aug 1916 pg. 7
1916: Oregon Journal, (Portland) 11 Aug 1916 pg. 9 obituary
1927: Oregonian, 21 Aug 1927 sec. 1 pg. 8 wife
1928: Oregon Journal, (Portland) 8 Feb 1928 pg. 20 wife
1928: Oregonian, 8 Feb 1928 pg. 15 wife
1928: Oregon Journal, (Portland) 19 Feb 1928 pg. 10 wife
1937: "...Joseph Buchtel...was steward on the Willamette in 1854, when the Willamette and Gazelle were moored near each other at Canemah and the Gazelle's boiler exploded, killing a large number of passengers and crew. ... Mr. Buchtel also served on the Canemah, which was built at Canemah in 1851 by Captain A. F. Hedges, Captain Charles Bennett, Alanson Beers, Hamilton Campbell, and John McClosky. On August 8, 1853, when the Canemah was near Champoeg, one of the flues exploded, killing a passenger... Mr. Buchtel also ran on the Shoalwater..." Oregon Journal, (Portland) 8 July 1937 pg. 12 Fred Lockley; Impressions and Observations of the Journal Man.
1939: Oregon Journal, (Portland) 19 Apr 1939 pg. 10 could not find this
1961: Oregon Journal, (Portland) 13 Feb 1961 sec. C pg. 10 Buchtel photos donated to library
Items about Baseball
Oregonian, 15 October 1866 pg. 3, col. 1; 4 May 1873 pg. 3, col. 1; 3 July 1873 pg. 2, col. 2; 14 July 1873 pg. 3, col. 3;
Oregon Journal, (Portland) 1 Dec 1934 pg. 4;
Portland Bee: 18 July 1878 pg. 3, col. 4.
Items about Sheriff
Oregonian, 31 July 1880 pg. 3 col. 1 deals with warrant;
Items personal or financial
Oregonian, 19 Feb 1876 pg. 3 col. 3 Lillie Buchtel visits D. W. Craig family in Salem
Oregonian, 7 February 1878 pg. 3 col. 3 review of City Council meeting, claims paid, "...J. Buchtel, $86..."
Items about civic activities
1875: "Joseph Buchtel, Chairman of the Independent State Central Committee, has issued a call for a meeting of that Committee to be held at Portland, July 15, 1875, to arrange for a convention to nominate a candidate for member of Congress." Salem Daily Record, 26 June 1875 pg. 3 col. 2
1876: Buchtel appointed judge of fire engine tournament. Oregonian, 8 June 1876 pg. 3 col. 2
1881: Joe Buchtel at charity Christmas dinner. Oregonian, 24 December 1881 pg. 3 col. 2
1882: "Joe Buchtel has commenced a zoological garden at City View Park" Oregonian, 1 Nov 1882 pg. 3 col. 2
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. i, 1, 4, 5, 6, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 52-54, 73, 83-90, 91, + frontpiece
Lockley, Fred: "The Story of Albany's Pioneer Photographer", Albany Democrat, 6 July 1924 (biography of J. G. Crawford) ...By the next spring I had taken photographs of all the people in Lebanon who felt like spending the money for pictures, so I moved to Portland in the spring of 1870 and went to work for Joe Buchtel and Dr. J. R. Cardwell, who were partners in a photograph gallery. My fellow-worker was Carl Bosco, who later became a famous magician and sleight-of-hand performer. If those old negatives are still in existence you will find that we took pictures of Joe Meek, and most of the well known pioneers of that day.... (courtesy Eric Gustafson)
Oregon Journal, 29 July 1923 sec. 2, pg. 2, Fred Lockley, Impressions and Observations of the Journal Man "...I dropped in for a visit with Mrs. Joseph Buchtel at 1461 East Lincoln street, and she told me...'My husband came to Portland in 1852. I came the following year...He was born in the Buckeye state. I was born in New York state. He was born November 22, 1830. I was born August 1, 1837. My maiden name was Josephine Latourette. (relates description of Kelly Boarding house in Oregon City)... Here I met a young river man, Joseph Buchtel by name. He invited me to go to a big ball at Oregon City...On April 23, 1855, the justice of the peace at Butteville made us one...My husband ran on the upper Willamette each winter for four years. During the summer, when the water was too low for the boat to run, he operated a photograph gallery at Lafayette, Oregon City, Astoria or Portland...In 1856 we moved to Portland and I have lived here ever since' ... When Joe Buchtel was 21 years of age he was appointed deputy sheriff of Champaign county, Illinois. This was in 1851. One of the attorneys who practiced in the courts there was Abraham Lincoln. It was his acquaintance with and love for Abraham Lincoln that caused Mr. Buchtel to be a lifelong Republican... He was born on a farm near Canton, Ohio, in 1830, and when he was 9 years old he moved to Urbana, Ill. As a boy he was apprenticed as a tailor to his stepfather, a most unsuitable occupation for one who had as much activity as he had, He decided to try the dry goods business, but this not proving to his satisfaction he took up the business of making daguerreotypes...When he was 22 he started across the plains for the West. This was in the spring of 1852. He drove an ox team for I. R. Moores. Arriving at Portland in September, 1852, he landed a job working for Colonel Backenstos, loading lumber aboard the ship Charles Devons. From 1852 to 1856 he followed steamboating on the upper river. Joseph Buchtel from 1853 to 1855 made daguerreotypes, but in 1855 he made his first photograph, which, by the way, is the first photograph made in Portland. The first man to take daguerreotypes in Portland was L. H. Wakefield, and Mr. Buchtel was the second. He purchased the gallery of Mr. Wakefield and became Portland's leading photographer...He ran his gallery 35 years, during which time he secured negatives of most of the distinguished visitors. He leased his gallery, supposing the man to whom he leased it would of course take good care of the immense collection of negatives he had accumulated. The new man, however, decided to have a thorough housecleaning and, calling an expressman, he had all of the old negatives hauled out and thrown on the dump at Sullivan's Gulch...Judge Beck and Joseph Buchtel worked long and hard to have (the Morrison bridge) built. After seven years of hard work, in which they overcame all sorts of legal and other arguments against the building of the bridge, the Morrison bridge was finally built. Joseph Buchtel was selected as the first man to cross the newly completed Morrison street bridge...Mr. Buchtel was always intensely interested in the development of the east side, and he is was who organized the East Side Improvement association. He secured a franchise and laid the rails for the streetcar system on Grand avenue. He served as sheriff of Multnomah county, being elected in 1880. He served for two terms as chief of the volunteer fire department, and later, when the Portland fire department was taken over by the city and became a paid department, he was elected department chief. It was under his regime that a fire boat was equipped to fight fires along the river front. He was one of the organizers of the Portland Pioneer Baseball club in 1866. For 15 years he was a captain, manager and pitcher of the club. As a foot-racer he was considered invincible..."
Goodman, Theodosia, "Pioneer Cameraman: Joseph Buchtel", Oregonian, 27 June 1948 magazine pg. 5 photographic biography. Interesting quote from early newspaper "Mr. Buchtel has introduced all the new styles of pictures and new patents - including ambrotypes, photographs, patent leather pictures, ferrotypes, sun pearls, pearls on watches, and latterly the mezzotints and Rembrandts. He has invented and received patent for the 'contact pad' and also for the 'photograph plate holder'. The entire number of negatives he has collected amount to about 3000...among this number can be found the negatives of all the governors since the first territorial organization of Oregon... all the representatives and senators...all the mayors of the city of Portland since its municipal organization...all the old pioneers of the city and state."
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March, 1948, pg. 35-39.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Portland and Vicinity, Chicago; Chapman Publishing Co., 1903, pg. 628-629, "...(the father of our subject) Michael Buchtel was born in Pennsylvania, and came of good old German stock. He learned the trade of shingle making, which he followed up to the time of his death. He moved his family to Urbana, Champaign county, Ill., where he opened a saw and shingle mill for Colonel Busey, which he continued to operate. His death occurred in 1841. His widow, and the mother of our subject was before her marriage a Miss Mary Harvey, her people being English. She married as her second husband a tailor named John Johnson, by whom she had one daughter, Addie, who married Thomas Maxwell. This daughter came to Portland with her mother, and died here. The latter continued to make this her home, living with her son Joseph up to the time of her death in 1895, at the age of eighty-four years.
Of the children of Mrs. Buchtel by her first husband, three went to Illinois. Samuel, a younger brother of our subject, served as a soldier in the Civil War, and at the close of the war came to Portland, from which place he went to California, where he died in 1901. A daughter, Eliza, died in Urbana in 1853.
Our subject was born in Stark County, Ohio, near the city of Canton, November 22, 1830, and received his education in the public schools of Ohio and Illinois. After the death of his father he assisted in the support of the family until his mother re-married. When only fifteen years of age he made a trip to Chicago, which was then but a small town. His step-father taught him the tailor's trade, but it not being congenial, he never followed it. He early learned the art of making daguerreotypes, and for a time conducted a business in Urbana, where he also clerked in a store. He was the first to introduce all kinds of pictures, including ambrotypes, tin-types, solar pictures, porcelain, watch-dial pictures, enamel cameos, and medallions. About 1855 he made the first photograph.
When the great excitement of 1852 was at its height and people were pouring into Oregon from the eastern states, Mr. Buchtel caught the fever and started with ox teams with some friends from near-by towns across country. The train of forty wagons left Illinois April 23, and reached Portland September 27, 1852, making the long and arduous trip without molestation from the Indians, then so plentiful on the deserts, and meeting with no special hardship until near the end of their journey, when the food supply became low and fourteen were sent ahead with barely enough to last until the end of the journey was reached. By this plan more food could be given the members of the train, the main body of which arrived about a month after the advance guard of fourteen, one of which was Mr. Buchtel.
After his arrival in The Dalles Mr. Buchtel went to Portland, traveling by sail boat and canoe as far as the Cascades on the Columbia river, and from thence across the Cascade mountains on foot. He was without funds and glad to turn his hand to any honest labor, working on the rivers from that time up to 1853, when he again went into the daguerreotype business, opening up galleries in Portland, Oregon City and Astoria. For some time thereafter he continued to look after his galleries in the summer and worked on the rivers during the winter. He introduced the first photographs in Portland, and was the second daguerreotyper, L. H. Wakefield being the first. But soon after Mr. Buchtel arrived he purchased the business. He conducted a gallery in this city for over thirty-five years, doing a very successful business and becoming widely known..."
Gaston, Joseph, The Centennial History of Oregon, (Chicago; S. J. Clark 1912) 3 vols. Vol. 1, pg. 205 discusses Champoeg park and Buchtel's involvement with its creation, and quotations from Buchtel about the importance of the 1843 convention there. Vol. 3, pg. 971-972 biography: "...Joseph Buchtel was reared at home and attended the common schools of his native state, where he acquired such knowledge as was afforded the country youth at that early day. His father's death occurred when he was very young and, being the eldest son, it was necessary for him to help in the support of the family as soon as possible. At a very early age he began learning the tailor's trade and was thus engaged for four years, after which he accepted various positions on farms and in stores before entering the brick manufacturing business. Not finding this sufficiently remunerative nor to his liking, he accepted a clerical position in his brother-in-law's store. While he was working there one of the partners of the firm was elected sheriff and because of the ability which Mr. Buchtel had already displayed as a clerk he was given charge of the sheriff's office and collected the taxes. During this time he met Abraham Lincoln and became intimately acquainted with him. Mr. Lincoln was practicing law in that district and, as the courthouse in which Mr. Buchtel was employed was in Urbana, Champaign county, they met frequently. Mr. Lincoln was attorney for one case which extended over two weeks and during that time Mr. Buchtel had many opportunities to talk with him. Many of the pleasantest memories of Mr. Buchtel's life are of this time when he had the opportunity of associating with one of the biggest and broadest men whom this country has ever known. After he gave up his clerical position he entered the portrait business, first purchasing a daguerreotype outfit. He was thus employed for six months. In 1852 he came to Oregon and in the spring of 1853 located in Portland. From that time he was in the photograph business, taking pictures during the summer and working on a river boat as steward during the winter. He was elected sheriff of Multnomah county and during his incumbency in that office leased his gallery to Mr. William Towne. Mr. Buchtel may well be called the pioneer photographer of the Pacific coast. He introduced every kind of photography in Oregon and took the first pictures of all interesting and prominent places along the Pacific coast. In 1853 he took the picture of Front street, Portland, which appears elsewhere in this edition <pg. 365 -ed>. After he discontinued his work as sheriff he engaged in the real-estate business..."
Hawthorne, Julian,The Story of Oregon, (NY; American Historical Publishing Co, 1892) Vol. 1, pg. 311-315 biography, pg. 199 portrait. "He was born in Uniontown, Stark County, O<hio>, November 22d, 1830. When but four years old he was sent with his brothers and sisters to the district school, where for seven years young Buchtel struggled with mathematics, geography, and other early branches of study. His school course was interrupted by his family removing to Urbana, Ill.; he, however, continued his studies in the little log school-house at Urbana for two years, when the death of his father necessitated his leaving school and aiding in the support of his family; he was accordingly apprenticed to the tailor's trade, which, however, became so distasteful to him that he soon gave it up. We next find him engaged in farming. This he continued a little while; he then took a position as clerk in a store, which he relinquished to be his own master. He had purchased a daguerreotype outfit and for a while he made daguerreotypes, meeting with moderate success. He was then appointed Deputy Sheriff of Champaign County, and acted in this capacity until the spring of 1852, when he joined the overland train of I. R. Moores, for Portland. ...(in Portland) he soon obtained employment at cutting five acres of oats, for which he was paid $25. This enabled him to remain unemployed for a time while he looked around. Meeting an old friend in Oregon City, he obtained through him an introduction to Captain L. White, of the steamer Shoalwater, who gave him a permanent position which he held for five years. ...Thirty-five years ago he established a photograph gallery in Portland; he continued it many years, and during his management 'The San Francisco Gallery' could compete with any in the Northwest. In 1865 he was elected Chief Engineer of the Fire Department, and was re-elected in 1866. In 1874 he was made Grand Representative of the I. O. O. F., and went with that order to Atlanta, Ga. In 1880 he was elected Sheriff of Multnomah County, and filled the requirements of this office for two years in an efficient manner..."
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 392-394. "Joseph Buchtel...(relates overland journey to Portland and arrival)...(Buchtel) met a man on horseback and appealed to him for work. It proved to be Colonel Backenstos. After some persuasion of an urgent nature the Colonel permitted him to cut a patch of oats with a scythe. The oats were heavy and lodged, but Mr. Buchtel, weak and unable to labor as he was, succeeded in getting the oats down and raked up in five days; and, notwithstanding the work was not worth it, the Colonel made him take $25, which relieved his need and for which he was ever afterward sincerely grateful. Later he had the pleasure of substantially aiding the family of his benefactor.
Next he cut wood and loaded vessels with lumber, and still later obtained a position on a boat, the Shoalwater, he worked five winters on the Willamette river, but followed the daguerreotype business during the intervening summer seasons. For this he had purchased an outfit in 1853, started the business in the Canton house, and he afterward followed it in Portland for thirty-five years. In all the great improvements made in the photographic art since that time Mr. Buchtel was the pioneer artist in Portland...
Mr. Buchtel was elected Sheriff of Multnomah county, Oregon, June, 1882, and served in that capacity for two years.
Land Of The Multnomahs, Portland; Binford & Mort, 1973, pg. 160 good overview of Buchtel's involvement in early baseball, pg. 185-192 relates Morrison Bridge development by Buchtel.
Andrews, Ralph W., Picture Gallery Pioneers, New York; Bonanza 1964, pg. 101-103 brief biography and pictures.
Oregon Native Son, Vol. 2, May 1900 - April 1901, pg. 328 reproduces 1854 bird's-eye view of Portland "Buchtel, Photo. Portland, Oregon 1854. View from Front and Washington Streets."
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 736-737 (James G. Crawford biography) "In the spring of 1870 he went to Portland, and in the gallery of Joseph Buchtel, one of the pioneer photographers of the State, was employed until the fall of 1871."
The Oregonian Souvenir, Portland; The Oregonian, 1892, pg. 22. (discussing 1854 Portland daguerreotype) "This view was engraved from a daguerreotype taken by Joseph Buchtel, the veteran photographer of Portland. The picture was taken from a window of the old Canton House, afterwards known as the American Exchange located on the east side of Front street, corner of Washington. This single view covered practically all there was of Portland in 1854..."
Buchtel, Joseph, Letter to Mrs. C. H. Dye, dated 12 January 1899, responding to inquiry regarding old photos, "I am sorry I cannot furnish you with information and pictures you request. I sold my gallery some years ago - with thousands of valueable (sic) negatives carefully preserved - the first thing the purchaser done was to destroy them..." OHS MSS 1089, Dye, Eva Emery.
Buchtel, Joseph, Diary, dated 1 May 1851 - 21 July 1851. primarily discusses the daily weather, personal moods, and his tasks as a tailor. No mention of photography.
Up The Columbia, (Portland; C. H. Crocker, 1902) unpaginated, photo: The Old Block House. Photo by Jos. Buchtel, taken in 1860"
Rinhart, Floyd and Marion, The American Daguerreotype. Athens; University of Georgia Press 1981. brief biography of Buchtel pg. 384.
Patents Issued to Buchtel
151,750 Improvement in Electric Signal Fire Hose June 9, 1874
619,934 Wooden-Block Pavements 21 February 1899
578,716 Telegraph Firehose 16 March 1897
211,833 Improvement in Electric Signal Firehose 4 February 1879
572,469 Cigar Tray 1 December 1896
621,216 Mining Cassion 14 March 1899
568,659 Spray Nozzle 29 September 1896
unknown photographic plate holder before 1874.
Receipts and Business Records from Buchtel
* indicates receipt names Buchtel. All others are Buchtel & Cardwell.
1859 March 29 * Wm. Shew, S. F., solar camera $150.00, and supplies
1859 April 1 * R. H. Vance, S. F. extra 1/2 camera $70.00, and supplies
1860 April 7 Wm. Shew, S. F., collodian and supplies
1860 May 24 R. H. Vance, S. F., cases and paints
1860 August 7 R. H. McDonald, Sacramento - supplies and flasks
1860 September 14 A. R. Shipley & Co., Portland - frames
1860 September 24 Shipley, Portland, ambro cases, misc., book Treastie on Photography.
1860 September 24 Shipley, Portland, tintype material.
1860 September 25 Edward & Campbell, S. F., camera $210, and collodian.
1860 December 8 Edward & Campbell, S. F., solar camera $100.
1861 January 1 * Joseph H. Ladd, subscription to Humphry's Journal
1861 March 7 J. W. Johnston. appears to be a promissory note from Buchtel & Cardwell to Johnston, and Johnston assigns his weekly advertisement to Buchtel. damaged, text missing, difficult to understand.
1861 July 3 Hurgren & Shindler, frames
1861 July 11 Shipley, Portland. case material
1861 July 31 Shew, S. F., rect.
1861 September 7 H. W. Bradley, S. F., plates
1861 September 13 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1861 October 17 H. W. Bradley, S. F., chemicals, etc., offers 4 tube card camera for $100
1862 April 24 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1862 May 12 H. W. Bradley, S. F., paper, plates, cases, misc.
1862 May 29 H. W. Bradley, S. F., Alblumun Paper and collodian supplies
1862 June 28 H. W. Bradley, S. F., tintype, ambrotype, card supplies
1862 July 1 Post Office, Portland. bill
1862 July 28 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1862 September 8 H. W. Bradley, S. F., glass
1862 September 8 H. W. Bradley, S. F., collodian, mats, preservers
1863 April 27 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1863 May 18 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1863 August 26 Wm. Shew. bill
1863 September 26 Wm. Shew cases and colodian.
1864 February 2 Wm. Shew, chemicals and paper
1864 March 16 Wm. Shew, chemicals and paper
1864 April 20 Wm. Shew, bill
1864 July 26 Wm. Shew, bill
1864 May 31 Wm. Shew, plates and colodian
1864 August 18 H. W. Bradley, S. F., bill
1864 September 24 Wm. Shew stereoscope cards, 8x10 back, misc.
1873 April 21 Albert Moore, life membership National Photographic Assn.
These items are manuscript materials in Oregon Historical Society. Other receipts are in this group but are not included in this list because they do not have a legible date.


Buchtel, Samuel ( -1901)
Chronology
1865-1897 Portland
1897-1901 CA
Artifacts
There is a 8x10 print of the Mechanics Brass Band, Portland Oregon, Photo by I. G. Davidson, showing members of the band, which was organized in 1863, the date of this picture is unknown. It shows S. Buchtel as a musician. (WCM #LP-72-152/149-16)
Directory Listings
1865 PD pg. 37 "Buchtel, Samuel photographer, 89 First"
1866 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, 89 First."
1867 PD not listed
1868 PD pg. 39 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, 89 First, res Seventh bet Hall and College"
1869 PD pg. 41 "Buchtel, Sam'l, photographer, 89 First, res Seventh bet Hall and College."
1871 PD not listed
1872 PD pg. 51 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, res E s Seventh, bet Hall and College"
1873 PD pg. 67 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, 91 First, res e s Seventh, bet Hall and College"
1873 SD pg. 104 "Buchtel, Sam'l, photographer for Buchtel & Stolte, res e s Seventh bet Hall and College"
1874 SD pg. 157 "Buchtel, Sam'l, photographer for Buchtel & Stolte, res w s First bt Mill and Montgomery"
1874 PD pg. 69 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, 91 First, res w s First, bet Montgomery and Mill"
1875 PD pg. 62 "Buchtel, S., photographer, res Fourth bet Taylor & Salmon"
1875 SD pg. 163 "Buchtel, S., photographer for Buchtel & Stolte, res w s Fourth bet Taylor and Salmon"
1876 WD pg. 62 "Buchtel, S., photographer, res s e cor Alder and Seventh"
1878 PD pg. 71 "Buchtel, Sam, painter, res n w cor Second and Clay"
1879 PD pg. 79 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, (Buchtel & Stolte) res Meade bet Water and Front"
1880 PD pg. 83 "Buchtel, Samuel, artist, res n w cor Meade and Water"
1881 PD pg. 87 "Buchtel, Sam., photographer, res Med bet Water and Front"
1882 GD pg. 113 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographic printer San Francisco Gallery, res 11 Meade bet Water and Front"
1883 GD pg. 93 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer with Davidson's, res Mead bet Front and Water.", also "Buchtel, S., varnisher, I. F. Power's Furniture Factory, res Mead bet Front and Water."
1884 GD pg. 95 "Buchter (sic) Sam'l. L., photographer San Francisco Gallery, res Meade bet Front and Water."
1885 PCD pg. 134 "Buchtel, Samuel, painter, res s s Meade, nr S. Front."
1886 PCD pg. 142 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res s s Meade 3 e of Front"
1887 PCD pg. 150 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 19 Meade"
1888 PCD pg. 171 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 19 Meade"
1889 PCD pg.174 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 19 Meade"
1890 PCD pg. 167 "Buchtel, Samuel, photo printer, res 19 Meade 2 w of S Water"
1891 PCD pg. 204 "Buchtel, Samuel, res 19 Meade"
1892 PCD pg. 293 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer, res 177 Meade"
1893 PCD pg. 276 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 184 Meade"
1894 PCD pg. 225 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 184 Meade"
1895 PCD pg. 198 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 184 Meade"
1896 PCD pg. 191 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 184 Meade"
1897 PCD pg. 188 "Buchtel, Samuel, photographer res 184 Meade"
1898 PCD not listed
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Samuel Buchtel was a photographer in Stockton in 1900.
Gaston; Centennial History of Oregon (Chicago; S. J. Clarke) pg. 432 served in Civil War. Younger brother of Joseph. Became resident of Portland after war. Later went to California. died 1901


Buck, M. E.
Chronology
1911-1915 Sherwood
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 487 Sherwood "Buck, M E, undertaker and photographer"
1913 POW pg. 537 Sherwood "Buck, M E, photographer, undertaker and Justice"
1915 POW pg. 417 Sherwood "Buck, M E, undertaker"
1915 POW pg. 1492 photographers "Buck, M. E. Sherwood O"


Buckley, J. W.
Chronology
1900-1909 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 178 "Buckley, Joseph W, foreman, bds 440 Jefferson"
1903 PCD pg. 222 "Buckley, Joseph W, cutter Fleischner, M & Co., res 549 1/2 Morrison"
1904 PCD pg. 247 "Buckley, Joseph W, foreman, res 269 Hassalo"
1905 PCD pg. 256 "Buckley, Joseph W, res 530 Northrup"
1906 PCD pg. 256 "Buckley, Joseph W, res 530 Northrup"
1907 PCD pg. 335 "Buckley, Joseph foreman Fleischner, M & Co, res s s Ainsworth av 1 w Moore."
1909 PCD pg. 348 "Buckley, Joseph foreman Fleischner, M & Co, res 254 Ainsworth av"
1910 PCD pg. 235 "Buckley, Jos frmn Mt Hood Shirt & Overall Factory h 254 Ainsworth av"
1911 PCD pg. 290 "Buckley, Jos W frmn Mt H S & O F h 354 Ainsworth av"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Buckley, J..."
1909: "Another Achievement added to the Oregon Camera Club's annually more gratifying successes was its exhibition held in Steinway Hall, Portland, March twenty-second to twenty-seventh. The following comment on the pictures is abridged from the many full notices given by the 'Portland Oregonian' and other papers. ...
...J. W. Buckley had three prints, the best of which is probably 'The Winding Slough.'..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 5, May 1909, pg.167-171.


Bullock, Wilkins A.
Bullock, Mae C.
Bullock Studio
Chronology
1913 Salem
Mrs. Mae Bullock was formerly Mrs. M. E. Lewis prior to her marriage. Please see separate listing in this book for Mrs. M. E. Lewis.
Directory Listings
1911 Salem not listed
1913 Salem pg. 61 "Bullock Studio, W. A. and M. C. Bullock Proprs, Photography In All Its Branches 418-423 Hubbard Bldg, Tel Main 2363", "Bullock, Wilkins A. (Mae C.) (Bullock Studio), res 555 Marion", "Bullock, Mrs. Mae C. (Bullock Studio) res 555 Marion" plus display ad quoted below
News Items and Advertisements
1912: "Mrs. M. E. Lewis of Salem, now Mrs. A. Bullock, intends to open a new studio in that town about November first, Mr. Bullock taking charge." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 10, October 1912, pg. 486.
1913: "Bullock Studio, Flashlights, View Work, Special attention given to amateur work. The only studio with an elevator. Photography in all its branches. 418-423 Hubbard Bldg., Main 2363" Polk's Salem City and Marion County Directory 1913, Portland; Polk & Co. 1913, lower left edges.


Bunnell, W.
Chronology
Bandon?
Bibliography
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 119 "included in the collection of the Bandon Historical Society and Museum is the work of...Bunnell..."


Burke, Louis, Mrs.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By Mrs. Louis Burke, surf and shore-line scenes...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Burke, Mrs. L..."


Burkhart, D. C.
Chronology
1907-1911 Lebanon
1911 Albany
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 283 Lebanon "Burkhart, D. C., photographer"
1909 POW pg. 227 Lebanon "Burkhart, D. C., photographer"
1911 POW pg. 51 Albany "Burkhart, Delbert C., photographer"
1911 POW pg. 207 Lebanon "Burkhardt (sic), D. C., photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1937: photo reproduced and credited to staff photographer D. C. Burkhart. Oregonian 29 July 1937, pg. 3.


Burns- General Discussion (Pendleton, Central Oregon and Idaho)
Many fine portraits of Indians were signed by photographers named Burns. Our problem is the number of different photographers named Burns in Pendleton and north-eastern Oregon. And other photographers named Burns operated in Washington and Idaho. Caution must be used when attributing photographs to a photographer named only Burns. There is a great deal of similarity in their work and careers. For example, three of them were simultaneously members of the Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest. By coincidence, many of them had studio operations at one time or another in Idaho. Before making a positive identification of a "Burns" imprint (one which does not specifically identify which Burns), compare the studio furnishings and backdrops with other known work by the photographers. If you do make an attribution of a Burns print, please take the time to add the information about how you conclusively determined which Burns it is, and add your name and the date, so that future researchers who challenge the identification will have useful information.
Presently the author is unable to positively identify the "Burns, Pendleton" blind stamp, and the "Burns Photo Co., Lewiston Idaho" blind stamp.
It is unlikely that Owen S. Burns did photography anywhere outside of Portland.


Burns, Robert
Burns, M. Bruce (1880- )
Burns, Ida A.
Burns, W. J.
Burns Brothers
Burns & Raymond
Chronology
1903 Kendrick and Lewiston ID (Robert)
1905-1907 Pendleton (Robert)
1907 Wardner Idaho (William)
1910-1911 Coeur d'Alene (William)
1900 Moscow ID
1903 Colfax WA
1903-1910 Pullman WA
Pendleton
1907 Lewiston
Directory Listings
1903 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
1903 POW pg. 520 Colfax WA "Burns Bros. (Bruce, Robert and Wm), photogrs"
1903 POW pg. 679 Pullman WA "Burns Bros. (Bruce, Robert and Walter), photogrs"
1905 POW pg. 663 Colfax WA "Burns Bros. (Bruce, Robert and Wm), photogrs"
1905 POW pg. 851 Pullman WA "Burns Bros. (W J, Robert, Bruce, and Ida), photogrs"
1905 Pendleton City Directory pg. 331 "Burns Bros (Robert and Bruce) photogrs 916 Main"; "Burns, Bruce (Burns Bros) rms 916 Main"; "Burns, Robert (Burns Bros) rms 916 Main
1905 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
1908 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
1917 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
Official Records
1900 Federal census of Idaho, Latah county, South Moscow Precinct, pg. 203, line 100
Burns, Bruce M, white male, born June 1880, age 19, single, born Idaho, father born Canada, mother born Canada, occupation: photographer. rents home.
1900 Federal census of Idaho, Nez Perce county, East Lewiston precinct, v5, ed 86 sht 1. (soundex B652)
Burns, Ida A.
1900 Federal census of Idaho, Nez Perce county, East Lewiston precinct, v5, ed 86 sht 1 line 53.
Burns, Walter J.
Photographer's Imprints - M. B. Burns
"Elizabeth Penny <caption identifying subject> copyright photo by M. B. Burns 1910" caption in negative.
Photographer's Imprints - Burns Bros.
"Burns Bros. Pendleton, Ore." blind stamp on cabinet card.
Photographer's Imprints- Robert Burns
"R. Burns, Kendrick, Idaho" cabinet card, printed front.
"Copyright '05 by Robert Burns" signed in negative, portrait of female Indian.
"Robert Burns, Photographer, Pullman, Wash." real photo postcard portrait (OHS file 796 NE)
News Items and Advertisements
1910: (classified ad) "For Sale Good photo business in town of 5,000 population, home of Washington State College. Will sell complete or any part. Address Robert Burns, Pullman, Wash." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 5, May 1910.
1937: classified ad for sale of equipment from The Burns Studio, 1303 State St., Boise, Idaho. Camera Craft, April 1937.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907... Burns, Robt.---Pendleton, Ore... ...Burns, Bruce---Lewiston, Ida... ...Burns, W. J.---Wardner, Ida..."
Hart, Arthur A., Camera Eye on Idaho, (Caldwell; Caxton 1990) pg. 158. M. Bruce Burns was born in Idaho in June 1880. He is listed in the 1900 Federal census in Moscow. He listed active in Moscow and Lewiston in 1903. The Burns Brothers were active in Lewiston 1905-1913, if I am interpreting the information correctly.
Robert Burns was active in Kendrick and Lewiston in 1903.


Burns, James Grover
Chronology
1912 Caldwell ID
1913 Boise
Directory Listings
1903 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
1908 Pendleton City Directory - not listed
Bibliography
Hart, Arthur A., Camera Eye on Idaho, (Caldwell; Caxton 1990) pg. 158. James Grover Burns (born 1886, died 1943) was active in Caldwell in 1912 and Boise in 1913.


Burns, K., Miss.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 182 "Burns, Miss Kathleen, b 153 19th N"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Burns, Miss K..."


Burns, Owen Spencer (Portland)
Burns & Oshfeldt
Chronology
c. 1890 Upper Albina
1894-1900 Portland
Employee Listings
Cammack, Fred M., clerk O S Burns 1900
Haller, Charles M, photo printer O S Burns 1899
Ritter, Henry J., printer O S Burns 1900
Directory Listings
1892 PCD pg. 299 "Burns, O S, stenog bds 517 Williams.
1893 PCD pg. 283 "Burns, O S, stenog 514 Williams av, res same.
1894 PCD pg. 230 "Burns, Owen S photographer 508 Williams av, bds 514 Williams av."
1895 PCD pg. 204 "Burns, O S photographer 508 Williams av, rms 514 same."
1896 PCD pg. 195 "Burns, Owen S, photographer 313 1/2 Morrison, res 407 Alder"
1897 PCD pg. 192 "Burns, Owen S, photographer 313 1/2 Morrison, res same"
1898 PCD pg. 195 "Burns, O Spencer, photographer 313 1/2 Morrison, res same"
1899 PCD pg. 200 "Burns, O Spencer, photographer 313 1/2 Morrison, res same"
1899 EO & P pg. 44 Portland photographers "Burns & Oshfeldt (sic) 313 1/2 Morrison"
1900 PCD pg. 207 "Burns, O Spencer, photographer 313 1/2 Morrison, res same"
1901 PCD not listed
1901 POWA pg. 290 Portland "Burns, O Spencer, photographer, 313 1/2 Morrison"
Mautz Oregon "Burns, O. S., 1900, Portland", "Burns, 1890, Upper Albina"
Photographer's Imprints
"Burns, Fotografer, 508 Williams Ave. Upper Albina. Portland, Oregon."
"Burns, The Photographer, 508 Williams Ave. Portland, Oregon. Upper Albina." cabinet card, printed front
"Burns, Cor. Sixth and Morrison Sts., Portland Oregon" imprinted front card mount "Burns, Sixth and Morrison Sts., Portland Oregon" imprinted front cabinet card "Burns, Sixth & Morrison St., Portland, Ore. Portland Harbor Oct 6, 1899, Dewey's Display Boat Hugh McCulloch, The boat that fired the first shot Manila Bay May 1, 1898" 4 1/4" x 6 1/2" print on 7" x 9" mount printed front (WCM #LP72-192/189-34)
"Photo by Burns, Portland" ms notation on trimmed print, date 1903 (OHS file 1773)
"Burns & Oshfeldt, Photographers, cor. 6th & Morrison, Portland" cabinet card, printed front News Items and Advertisements
1911: (classified ad) "WANTED Present address of O. S. Burns, photographer. Woodard, Clarke & Co., Portland, Ore." <q.v.> Camera Craft, February - March 1911
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 54-55
Oregon Native Son, December 1899, portrait of photographer Philip Castleman, by Burns, pg. 366 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)


Burrell, J. B.
Chronology
1915 Ontario
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Burrell, J. B., Ontario, O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Burrell, Ontario, Ore" printed on mount, 6x8 print, family group (OHS)
"The Round Up 1911 Wild Horse Race. Burrell Photo 103. Pendleton Ore." photo post card captioned in negative.
"Indians Dancing. Burrell Photo 1911. The Round Up No. 118" photo post card captioned in negative.


Burton
Lloyd & Burton
Chronology
Eugene
Photographer's Imprints
"Lloyd & Burton, Eugene, Or." printed front cabinet card


Burton, Dorothy M.
Chronology
1905-1907 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD not listed
1905 PCD pg. 266 "Burton, Dorothy M, clk E H Moorehouse & Co, bds 523 Clay"
1906 PCD pg. 265 "Burton, Dorothy M., clk Rembrandt Photo & Portrait Studio, bds 641 2d."
1907 PCD pg. 345 "Burton, Dorothy M, tentmkr A C Pike bds 646 2d"


Bush, James (1861- )
Chronology
1886 Myrtle Point
Directory Listings
1886 POWI pg. 250 Myrtle Point "Bush, James, photographer"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: James L. Bush was born in 1861 in California. He was active in Alturas as a photographer.


Bushby, Asa C. (c. 1835-1897)
Bushby & Co
Chronology
1890 Portland
1897 Pierce Co. Washington
Directory Listings
1889 PCD not listed
1890 PCD pg. 172 "Bushby & Co (Asa C Bushby, Clarence J Messer), photographers, 115 Morrison"; "Bushby, Asa C (Bushby & Co), res 115 Morrison"; pg. 371 "Messer, Clarence J (Bushby & Co) res 115 Morrison"
1891 PCD not listed
Official Records
Pierce Co. Washington Death Records "Bushby, Asa C., born Massachusetts. single, Photographer. died Jan 21 1897, age 62, Pierce County, WA." (Courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Photographer's Imprints
"Bushby & Co., 115 Morrison Street, Portland Oregon" imprinted front card mount Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 55


Bushnell, Corry A. (ca.1866-1941)
Bushnell-Langford
Chronology
1891-1895 Ellensburgh WA
1896 Eugene
1898 Yakima WA
1898-1899 LaGrande and Union (with Olive Langford)
1900 Fresno CA (with Olive Langford)
1902-1914 Seattle WA
1915-1925 Portland
Do not confuse this person with H. H. Bushnell, based in San Francisco circa 1881.
Do not confuse Seattle Bushnell studio with James G. Bushnell studio, active Seattle in 1907.
Prints signed with the distinctive Bushnell signature were done by studio employees, as there are many variations of the penmanship and some are obvious attempts to copy a model signature.
The operator of the Portland Bushnell studio from 1914-1925 was Ludwig Pokorney. His will lists the studio as a personal asset, and it is probable he was a co-owner.
Employee Index
Pokorney, Ludwig L. 1914-1925
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 775 Ellensburgh WA "Bushnell, Cory (sic) A., photographer"
1914 PCD not listed
1914 PCBD Photographers "Bushnell's Studio, Columbia Bldg, Main 1635"
1915 PCD pg. 272 "Bushnell, Corry A pres-mgr Bushenll Studio, Columbia bldg"; "Bushnell Studio, Corry A Bushnell Pres-Mngr, Studio 6th Floor Columbia Bldg, 365 Washington, Tel Main 1635, A1635", "Bushnell, Corry A pres-mngr Bushnell Studio, r Imperial Hotel"
1916 PCD pg. 275 "Bushnell Studio, Corry A Bushnell Pres-Mgr, Studio 6th Floor Columbia Bldg 365 Washington, Tel Main 1635, 1635"
1917 PJD pg. 76 Photographers "Bushnell's Studio, Columbia Bldg. Main 1635, A-1625"
1917 PCD pg. 228 "Bushnell, Corry A pres-mgr Bushnell Studio Columbia bldg"; "Bushnell Studio, Corry A Bushnell pres-mgr 6th fl Columbia bldg"
1925 PCD pg. 386 "Bushnell, Corry A, business mgr Bushnell Studio r Nortonia Hotel", "Bushnell Studio, L. L. Pokorney mgr, Photographs of Merit, 6th Floor Columbia Bldg, Tel Broadway 7035
Mautz Washington"Bushnell, Cory A, 1894, Ellensburg, W. T."
Photographer's Imprints
"Bushnell Foto, San Francisco, Sacramento, San Jose, Oakland" cabinet card, imprint on front
"Bushnell, Portland, Seattle" printed front portrait folder; "Bushnell, Portland, Ore." blind stamp on print.
News Items and Advertisements
1895: "Fire at Ellensburg. ELLENSBURG, Wash., March 28.- Fire was discovered early this morning in Bushnell's photograph gallery, in the Rehmke block. Rehmke Bros.' jewelry store, on the ground floor, was badly injured by water, but nearly the entire stock was saved. The gallery was badly damaged. The total insurance of $300 will about cover the loss, most of which is on the building." Oregonian, 29 March 1895, pg. 3.
1896: "C. L Winter has leased his photo gallery to Mr. C. A. Bushnell of Seattle who will take charge of the same about August 7th. Mr. Winter will probably go to Portland" Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 1 Aug 1896 pg. 5 col. 6.
1898: "(Corry) A. Bushnell, the photographer of this city, and his sister, Mrs. E. E. James, left for Spokane...to be at the bedside of their younger sister, Miss Cora Bushnell, who was taken suddenly ill..." The Yakima Epigram, (North Yakima WA) 28 May 1898 pg. 8 col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1898: "Having bought the Coombs & Bryan photo business I will make photos from negatives made by Coombs & Bryan, Iler or Hamacher at half price for the next 30 days. C. A. Bushnell. (The) James Gallery." The Yakima Epigram, (North Yakima WA) 9 April 1898 pg. 4 col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1898: "Bushnell Gets Damages. C. A. Bushnell, the traveling photographer who sued A, K. Jones and J. F. Phy, of Union county, for $20,000 which he claimed for malicious prosecution by Jones who had him arrested for taking with him on a tour some photographic fixtures while the two men were in partnership, was awarded $2000 damages by the jury." Pendleton Tribune, 21 July 1898, pg. 1, col. 6.
1899: "C. A. Bushnell, the popular photographer, contemplates leaving next month for San Francisco and Honolulu with the view of remaining permanently in the latter city." The Yakima Democrat, (North Yakima WA) 3 June 1899 pg. 6 col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1899: "C. A. Bushnell left on Friday for San Francisco, after visiting in that city for some time he will depart for Honolulu probably to remain." The Yakima Democrat, (North Yakima WA) 17 June 1899 pg. 4 col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1903: (review of First Convention of The Photographers Ass'n of California) "The following is a list of exhibitors from the East and the Pacific Northwest...Bushnell Studio, San Francisco" Camera Craft, Vol. VIII, No 1, December 1903, pg. 29-30.
1911: list of awards at Umatilla District Fair, Works of art exhibit, "Mrs. C. A. Bushnell, first <prize>, portrait of painting in oil." Live Wire (Pendleton) 21 September 1911, pg. 7, col. 2.
1914: "Seattle Photographer's Banquet... those present... C. A. Bushnell" Camera Craft, Vol. XXI, No. 4, April, 1914, pg. 198.
1914: "Mr. Porcorny, formerly of the Hartsook Studios, is now with James & Bushnell, Portland, Oregon." Camera Craft, Vol. XXI, No. 9, September 1914, pg. 471.
1941: "Corry A. Bushnell, 75-year-old retired photographer and co-founder of the Bushnell Studio in Seattle, died yesterday after a short illness... Mr. Bushnell was born in Eugene, Or. He attended the University of Oregon. He married Miss Harriet Herron of Corvallis, Or., and a few years later moved to Seattle where he and the late E. E. James founded the Bushnell Studio in 1902. Mr. Bushnell lived in Seattle thirty-eight years... Mr. Bushnell also founded a photographic studio in Portland, Or., in 1914..." Seattle Daily Times, 11 June 1941 pg. 17 col. 5 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1941: "C.A. BUSHNELL. C. A. Bushnell, who set up a photographic studio in Portland in 1914, died Tuesday in Seattle following a short illness. Funeral services for Mr. Bushnell, 73, will be held on Friday in Seattle. He was born in Eugene and leaves the widow, a brother, E. T. Bushnell of Eugene, and two sisters." Oregonian, 12 June 1941, pg. 15.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, Shadowcatchers; A Directory of Women in California Photography Before 1901, Arcata CA; author 1990, pg. 133-134. "Langford, Olive (Miss Olive Langford) Photographer and partner in gallery; active Fresno c. 1899-1900.
Born Iowa (January 1868); father (b. Iowa) and mother Sarah Langford (b. Indiana 1838).
The 1900 census indicates that Olive's mother had been married 36 years (no mention of her husband) and had three children but only Olive still lived with her mother.
The Palmquist collection has one portrait by Olive Langford.
1899: Possibly working as a photographer (she worked full time at an unnamed occupation for the 12 months preceding June 1900 census.)
1900: Unmarried; age 32; partner in portrait gallery with photographer Corry Bushnell (b. Oregon 1866). Olive resided in her mother's house at 1332 J Street; Bushnell was a 'lodger' in the same household. (C. Fresno County 1900, reel 86, p. 28A.)"
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Bushnell, C. A.---Seattle, Wash..." ... "Committees:... Reception: The Executive Officers of the Association assisted by... Mrs. C. A. Bushnell..."


Bushnell, Frank P.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 245 "Bushnell, Frank P., photgr h 529 Raleigh"
1911 PCD not listed


Butler, Benjamin D. (1819-1890)
Chronology
1851 Lafayette
1860 Polk county
1865-1870 The Dalles
Directory Listings
1865 East Cascades Directory pg. 147 Dalles City "Butler, B. D. (Franks & Butler), photographer, Main <street>", pg. 164 business directory- photographers "Franks & Butler, Main", pg. 149 "Franks, F. D. (Franks & Butler) photographer, Main <street>"
1867 West Coast pg. 266 Dalles City "Butler, Benjamin D, photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Butler, Benjamin D., The Dalles"
Official Records
1860 Federal census of Oregon, Salt Lake precinct, Polk county, Oregon, pg. 566, line 8-12, enumerated 26 June 1860
Butler, B. D., age 39, m, atrist, value of real estate 3800, value of personal estate 3100, born N. Carolina.
" E. J. age 24, female, born Missouri,
" J. W., age 7, female, born Oregon
" L. E., age 6, male, born Oregon
" M. E., age 3, male, born Oregon
Photographer's Imprints
"B. D. Butler, Dalles, Oregon, Bradley & Rulofson's Patent" CDV printed front (OHS 218-1 Cates)
News Items and Advertisements
1851: "Photographic Likenesses Taken by the Daguerreotype Process. B. D. Butler respectfully informs the public that he has just received a large and fine assortment of materials, direct from New York and is now prepared to take likenesses on the most improved method, during all stages of the weather, for a few weeks, in Lafayette, one door north of the Lafayette house.
N. B. Persons wishing to remit likenesses to their friends in the States can do so for the reduced price of 40 cents. Lafayette, September 12, 1851." Oregon Statesman (Oregon City) 16 September 1851, pg. 3, col. 1.
1851: "Photographic Likenesses Taken by the Daguerreotype Process. by B. D. Butler, Lafayette, O. T. A Valuable opportunity is now offered to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Lafayette and vicinity, to obtain Miniature Portraits in the most perfect style of execution, which, for life-like beauty, distinctness and accuracy, are acknowledged to be equal to any taken in the United States. The subscriber has just received a large stock from New York, of the best quality that could be obtained in that city, which he will work upon the most reasonable terms. Persons who wish, can send a likeness to any of the States by mail, for the sum of 48 cents. Likenesses taken in all kinds of weather. None will be delivered unless perfectly satisfactory. I shall leave Lafayette very soon. Call and see how you look in silver plates. B. D. Butler. Lafayette, Sept. 19, 1851." Oregon Statesman (Oregon City) 23 September -28 October 1851
1870: "We have received some elegant pictures from B. D. Butler, photographic artist at The Dalles. They are triumph of art. We never saw anything finer. There is among them a splendid picture of President Grant and family. Also a view of the Mint, now in process of erection. It is so perfect you can detect the grit in the stone-work. Everyone that has seen them is full of admiration. Mr. Butler will have, if he has not already, views of all places of note about the Dalles. We know no place that has more charming scenery." The Vancouver Register, (Vancouver WA) 5 March 1870 pg. 2 col. 3 (courtesy of Michael Cirelli)
1884: "Mrs. B. D. Butler and daughter Dell, are visiting at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Dr. Logan, of this city." The Dalles Times-Mountaineer 29 November 1884, pg. 3, col. 1.
1890: "Died at Dickelton. (sic- should read Bickelton)- Mr. Benjamin Decatur Butler, of Bickelton, Wash., died at his home April 13. Mr. Butler was born in North Carolina March 31, 1819, and immigrated to Missouri in 1837, thence to this coast in 1850, being one of the early pioneers of Oregon. He had been actively engaged in business for many years, but for several months previous to his death he had been confined to his bed. A wife and four children survive him. Death resulted from heart disease" Oregonian, 17 April 1890 pg. 5, col. 3.


Butterfield, Herbert E.
Chronology
1910-1916 Portland
It appears that in 1916 Charles Calvert moved out of his 796 Washington studio, and his employee Herbert Butterfield took over the location.
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 247 "Butterfield, Herbert msgr G M Strong b 755 Missouri"
1911 PCD pg. 306 "Butterfield, Herbert E photgr Cal Calvert b 119 9th av N Lents"
1912 PCD pg. 312 "Butterfield, Herbert E photgr C E Calvert b 108 9th av Lents"
1913 PCD pg. 269 "Butterfield, Herbert E photgr C E Calvert b 108 9th av N Lents"
1914 PCD pg. 364 "Butterfield, Herbert E photgr r Mrs Letitia Butterfield"
1915 PCD pg. 274 "Butterfield, Herbert E asst C E Calvert r 108 9th av N Lents"
1916 PCD pg. 276 "Butterfield, Herbert E. (Irene D) photgr 796 Wash h same"
1917 PCD not listed
1918 PCD pg. 244 "Butterfield, H E shipwkr r 90 E 34th"
1920 PCD pg. 272 "Butterfield, Herbert E lndymn h 988 E Wash"
1921 PCD pg. 231 "Butterfield, Herbt E (Irene) grocer 168 Grand Av."
1922 PCD pg. 436 "Butterfield, Herbt E (Irene) grocer 821 Union av. N."


Butterworth, Charles (1858-1936)
Butterworth & Lotan (Mrs. W. S. Lotan)
Hutchinson & Butterworth
Chronology
before 1898 Wilmington, Ohio and New Vienna, Ohio.
1898-1936 Portland
Directory Listings
1899 PCD pg. 203 "Butterworth, Charles, photog Aune res 710 2d"
1900 PCD pg. 209 "Butterworth, Charles, photog Aune, res 782 Kelly"
1901 PCD pg. 184 "Butterworth, Charles, photog, res 782 Kelly"
1902 PCD pg. 235 "Butterworth, Charles, photog, Krauch Studio, res 782 Kelly"
1903 PCD pg. 231 "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer 345 1/2 Washington, res same."
1903 POW pg. 329 "Hutchinson & Butterworth (Wm A Hutchinson, Charles Butterworth), photogrs 343 1/2 Wash."
1904 PCD pg. 257. "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer, 345 1/2 Washington, res same Tel Black 1958"
1905 PCD pg. 269 "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer, 345 1/2 Washington, res same, Tel Main 4928"
1906 PCD pg. 267 "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer, 343 1/2 Washington, res same, Tel Main 4928"
1907 PCD pg. 348 "Butterworth, Charles, photographer 343 1/2 Washington, res same, Tels Main 4938 and A 3928"
1909 PCD pg. 361 "Butterworth, Charles, photographer 343 1/2 Washington, res same, Tels Main 4938 and A 3928"
1910 PCD pg. 247 "Butterworth, Charles, photographer, 345 1/2 Washington, h same Tel Main 4928, A3928" (Esther at same address)
1911 PCD pg. 306 "Butterworth, Charles A, photographer 345 1/2 Washington, Tel Main 4928, A 3928, h 570 E Salmon, Tel 2635"
1912 PCD pg. 312 "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer 345 1/2 Washington, Tel Main 4928, A 3928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1913 PCD pg. 269 "Butterworth, Charles, Photographer 301 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Main 4928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1914 PCD pg. 364 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 301 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Main 4928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Butterworth, Chas, Globe Bldg, Main 4928"
1915 PCD pg. 274 "Butterworth, Charles (Etta Miller), Photographer, 301 Globe Bldg, 408 Washington, Tel Main 4928, A3928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1916 PCD pg. 277 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 301 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Main 4928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1917 PCD pg. 230 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 301 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Main 4928, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1917 PJD pg.76 Photographers "Butterworth, Charles, 207 Globe Bldg. Main 4928"
1920 PCD pg. 272 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 207 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Broadway 2815, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1921 PCD pg. 230 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 207 Globe bldg 408 Washington, Tel Broadway 2815, h 515 E 47th N, Tel Tabor 2079"
1924 PCD pg. 426 "Butterworth, Charles, (Etta Miller), Photographer 407 Washington, Tel Broadway 2815, h 515 E 47th N, Tel GArfield 3551"
1925 PCD pg. 389 "Butterworth, Chas (Etta M) photog 407 Wash h515 E47th N"
1928 PCD pg. 381 "Butterworth, Chas (Etta M) photog 312 Fliedner Bldg h515 E47th N"
1930 PCD pg. 337 "Butterworth, Chas (Etta M) photog 312 Fliedner Bldg h515 E47th N"
1934 PCD pg. 252 "Butterworth, Chas (Etta M) photog h2415 NE 47th av"
1936 PCD pg. 242 "Butterworth, Chas (Etta M) h2415 NE 47th av"
1937 PCD pg. 197 "Butterworth, Esther (Butterworth Studio) r 2415 NE 47th av"; "Butterworth Studio (Esther Butterworth) coml artists 414 New Fliedner bldg"
Photographer's Imprints
"Butterworth, Portland Ore." blind stamp, front card mount "Butterworth & Lotan" ms signature on card mount portrait "Hutchinson & Butterworth. 7th & Washington Portland, Or." printed front card mount. ms date 1900
News Items and Advertisements
1903: (review of First Convention of The Photographers Ass'n of California) "The following is a list of exhibitors from the East and the Pacific Northwest ... Butterworth, Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. VIII, No 1, December 1903, pg. 29-30.
1905: Charles Butterworth listed as one of the 4 judges for the annual photo exhibit at the Art Museum. Oregonian 3 Dec 1905, pg. 40
1906: "C. Butterworth, 345 1/2 Washington St., Phone Black 1958" The Cardinal, (Portland High School, June 1906)
1908: "The eighth annual convention of the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest (was addressed by) the president (of Oregon section) Mr. Butterworth, of Portland..." Seattle Post-Intelligencer 19 Aug 1908 Sec. 2 pg.2 col.1
1908: account of exhibition at Photographer's Convention of the Pacific Northwest. photo reproduced "Study by Butterworth, Portland, Ore." "Northwest Photographers Win Prizes and Close a Very Notable Session," Oregonian, 23 August 1908, sec. 3, pg. 4.
1909: photograph of Charles Butterworth at the Photographer's Convention. Seattle Post Intelligencer, 15 September 1909, pg. 10 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1909: report of the Pacific Northwest Photographers' Association of America convention. Butterworth was a member of the auditing committee and transacted various routine business. Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 11, November 1909, pg. 443-449.
1910: report of the Annual Convention of the Photographers Association in Vancouver BC. Butterworth was a member of the auditing committee. Camera Craft, October, 1910, pg. 348.
1932: Charles Butterworth, whose studio is in the Fliedner building, organized the Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest and served as president of the association in its early years, later serving for many years as secretary-treasurer. He has been made a life member of the Pacific International Photographers' Association. He is not only a photographer of rare skill and ability, but he does beautiful work as a clay modeler and as a painter in oils. When i interviewed him recently he said:
'I was born on a farm near Cincinatti on April 10, 1858. My father, Clarkson Butterworth, was born in Ohio. My mother, whose maiden name was Rachel Irvin, was a daughter of Judge Amos Irvin. I was one of a family of six children, three of whom are now living. My brother, Eli, lives in Minneapolis, as does my sister, Ida. As a small boy I liked nothing better than to get hold of a pencil and paper and draw pictures.
When I was 21 years old I went to work in a studio and learned the wet-plate process of photography. In those days we silvered our own plates and also prepared our own paper. In place of being able to take a picture in a fraction of a second, the quickest exposure we could make under the best conditions was 30 seconds. When I was 35 years old I went to Los Angeles. I worked at Los Angeles and Riverside until 1898, when I came to Portland.
I was married on December 27, 1883, to Etta Miller. We have had three children. My son Arthur lives in Los Angeles. My daughter Esther works here in the gallery with me coloring photographs.
I have photographed many famous men since I have come to Portland- Governor Chamberlain, Senator McNary, William Ladd, Colonel C. E. S. Wood, A Phimister Proctor, the sculptor, and scores of others. Here is a clay model in bas relief of Dr. George M. Austin. He was an old schoolmate of mine and was a physician, geologist and author. His collection of fossils is now in the Smithsonian institution. On the wall, there, is an oil painting of Judge C. E. Wolverton. Let me turn on the lights. I want you to see that oil painting of Ezra Meeker. Yes I love to paint in oils. I am afraid I am more interested doing work I enjoy than in making money." "Impressions and Observations of the Journal Man," by Fred Lockley, Oregon Journal, 6 October 1932, pg. 8, col. 6.
1936: "Death Takes Widely Known Photographer. Charles Butterworth, 2415 N. E. 47th avenue, widely known photographer who was in business in Portland more than a quarter of a century, died at his home Saturday night after a brief illness. He was 78 years old.
Mr. Butterworth was especially well known for his photographic portraits of children and for the outstanding quality of his work. He gave great attention to art in photography and worked diligently for its improvement.
Born at Mainsville, Ohio, April 10, 1858, Mr. Butterworth was reared on a farm with his three brothers and four sisters. As a young man, he went to New Vienna, Ohio, where he undertook his life's work. He was married December 27, 1883, to Miss Mary Etta Miller and a few years later went to California, locating at Ontario.
In 1898, Mr. Butterworth brought his family to Portland and entered photographic work here. It was in Portland that he developed the high quality of child portraits for which he became widely famous.
Interested in improving photography for himself and others of the profession, he formed the Photographic Association of Portland and other organizations which afterward spread the length of the Coast and into Canada.
Survivors include his widow and daughter, Miss Esther Butterworth, Portland; his son, Arthur of San Francisco, and one brother, Eli Butterworth, Minneapolis. Funeral services will be held at 3 p. m. Monday from the Finley & Sons chapel.' Oregon Journal, 11 October 1936, pg. 9
1936: "C. Butterworth, Camera Artist, Taken by Death. Charles Butterworth, veteran Portland photographer who for years had enjoyed the reputation of being one of the Pacific northwest's most subtle exponents of the art of capturing children in the camera lens, died here last night after a lingering illness.
"Mr. Butterworth was born near Cincinnati, O., April 10, 1858. His boyhood was spent on his father's farm home together with three brothers and two sisters. He moved to New Vienna, O., as a young man, there beginning his studies in photography. In that city, on December 27, 1883, he married Mary Etta Miller.
"He established his highly successful photographic enterprises in Portland in 1898 after residing in Wilmington, O., and Ontario, Cal.
"Immediate survivors include the widow; a son, Arthur; a daughter, Esther, and a brother, Eli, of Minneapolis, Minn.
"Mr. Butterworth lived at 2415 Northeast Fourty-seventh avenue. Funeral services will be held at the J. P. Finley & Son chapel tomorrow at 3 P. M." Oregonian, 11 October 1936, pg. 16.
Bibliography
"A Professional Photographer's Impressions of the First American Photographic Salon Exhibition" Charles Butterworth, Camera Craft, Vol. X, No. 6, June 1905, pg. 351-353.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Butterworth, Chas.--Portland, Ore...Butterworth, Mrs. Chas.---Portland, Ore..."; ... "Programme, Wednesday, September 4, ... Address- Ex-President Charles Butterworth, 'Ultimate Photography'..."; ... "Committees:... Reception: The Executive Officers of the Association assisted by... Mrs. Charles Butterworth..." ..."Finance... Chas. Butterworth..."


Button, Charles Gilbert (1835- )
Betancue & Button
Flying Studio
Chronology
1866-1872 San Jose CA
1876 Shasta county CA
ca. 1878 Astoria
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Betancue & Button,'Flying Studio', 1880, Astoria", "Flying Studio, 1880, Astoria"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Born in New York in 1835. Active in San Jose 1866-1872. Traveling May-September 1876 in Shasta county.
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 44.


Bybee
Bybee & Cannon
Chronology
1913 Willamina
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1952 photographers "Bybee & Cannon, Willamina O"


Byers, Bernard L.
Chronology
1903 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD not listed
1902 PCD pg. 236 "Byers, Bernardo L, carp, res 432 E Ankeny"
1903 PCD pg. 232 "Byers, Bernard L, photog 143 E 33d, res 1000 E Washington"
1904 PCD pg. 257 "Byers, Bernard L, carp res 789 Multnomah"
1905 PCD pg. 269 "Byers, Bernard L, carp, res 789 Multnomah"
1907 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Byers, Portland, Ore." blind stamp, front card mount "Byers, Stayton, Ore." printed front, cabinet card

C. C. M. Co.
Please see Crow, Samuel B.
Please see Cawthon, John R.


Caldwell, Chester M.
Chronology
1909-1911 Corvallis
Directory Listings
1909 POW Corvallis pg. 121 "Caldwell, Chester M, photographer"
1911 POW Corvallis pg. 114 "Caldwell, C M, photographer"


Caldwell, John
Chronology
1880 Canyonville
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Caldwell, John, 1880, Canyonville"
Official Records
1880 Federal Census, Canyonville precinct, family 6, John Caldwell, age 24, male born California, father born Virginia, mother born Virginia, photographer. Wife is Katie I. Caldwell, age 22, female born Oregon, father born Virginia, mother born Kentucky. Son is Joel C. Caldwell, age 11 months, born Oregon


California Gallery (Astoria)
Please See Crow, Samuel


Callaghan
Mayer & Callaghan
Chronology
Portland
Cited as stereographers by Darrah.


Calvert, Alvida
Calvert, Charles E ("Cal") ( -1930)
Calvert, Grace E
Calvert, Harry
Calvert's Studio
Ten Minute Postcard Man
City Park Gallery
Mazeograph Studio
Chronology
1906-1930 Portland
1915-1925 Oregon City
This studio made a specialty of fast postcards. The portraits were printed on ready-to-mail Cyko post card paper. Haste in posing the subject is detectable in many prints. Close examination of the edges show the studio backdrops and setups were arranged next to each other in the studio. Presumably the customer would select one and move into position, the photographer would aim the camera, and ten minutes later the patron would have their merchandise.
This studio is well known for it's humorous setup and backdrop of an airplane over Portland, reproduced in "Greetings From Oregon." The studio also sold "leg art" postcards by mail.
It appears that in 1916 Charles Calvert moved out of his 796 Washington studio, and his employee Herbert Butterfield took over the location.
Employee directory
Butterfield, Herbert E. 1911 - 1916
Directory Listings
1904 - 1905 PCD not listed
1906 PCD pg. 272 "Calvert, Charles E., photog 567 Hawthorne terrace, res same"
1907 PCD pg. 353 "Calvert, Charles E, photog Council res 567 Hawthorne Terrace"
1909 PCD pg. 366 "Calvert, Charles E, photog Council Crest"
1910 Or. not listed
1910 PCD pg. 252 "Calvert, Mrs Alvida photgr h 305 1/2 Jefferson", "Calvert, Chas E photogr 796 Washington h 567 Hawthorne Terr", "Calvert, Harry photgr 796 Washington, h 305 Jefferson"
1911 PCD pg. 311 "Calvert, Chas E photogr 796 Washington h 567 Hawthorne Terr"
1912 PCD pg. 318 "Calvert, Chas E photgr 796 Washington and 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1913 PCD pg. 274 "Calvert, Chas E photgr 796 Washington and 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1914 PCD pg. 369 "Calvert, Chas E (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1914 PCBD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 279 "Calvert, Chas E (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N and 796 Wash h 1126 E Glisan"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Calvert, Harry, Oregon City O"
1916 OC pg. 41 Oregon City "Calvert, Harry (Alvilda) photographer, 220 7th, res same."
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Calvert, Harry, Oregon City O"
1916 PCD pg. 282 "Calvert, Chas (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1917 PCD pg. 234 "Calvert, Chas (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1918 PCD pg. 250 "Calvert, Chas E (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1920 PCD pg. 278 "Calvert, Chas E (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1921 PCD pg. 236 "Calvert, Cal E (Grace E) photgr 2 6th N h 1126 E Glisan"
1924 PCD pg. 432 "Calvert, Cal (Grace E) photogr 305 Buchanan Bldg h 1126 E Glisan"
1925 PCD pg. 395 "Calvert, Cal (Grace E) photog 305 Buchanan Bldg h 1126 E Glisan"
1925 POW pg. 290 Oregon City "Calvert, Harry photog"
1928 PCD pg. 388 "Calvert, Cal (Grace E) photo 607 Woodlark bldg h 1126 E Glisan"
1930 PCD pg. 345 "Calvert, Cal E (Grace E) photog 607 Woodlark bldg h 1126 E Glisan"
1934 PCD pg. 259 "Calvert, Grace h4305 SE Belmont apt 5"
Photographer's Imprints
"Calvert's Studio, Oregon City Ore." printed front of print folder, ms date 16 Sept 1921.
"Calvert's Studio, Oregon City Oreg. For Photograph's Just As Nice, at a better price" stamp on postcard back, "Calvert's Studio, Next to S. P. Depot, Oregon City Ore." blind stamp
"Cal Calvert, 10 Minute Post Card Man, Mazeograph Studio, Sixth St., Cor. Ankeny, Portland, Oregon" rubber stamp on Cyko post card
"Cal Calvert, 10 Minute Post Card Man, City Park Gallery at the Washington St. Entrance, Portland, Oregon. Mazeograph Process, Copyrighted" rubber stamp on Cyko post card
News Items and Advertisements
1909: "EIGHTY FIVE CENTS for twenty different photographic post cards from original negatives of 'Western Girls'; all artists' models' photographed in the 'natural' scenery. Ten for fifty cents. Cal Calvert, 567 Hawthorne Terrace, Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, January - March 1909.
1909: "CHARLES DANA IN PORTLAND
The Portland 'Evening Telegram' reports the experience of two visitors to the 'City of Roses,' who could not resist the attraction of a case filled with postcards out at Council Crest. The cards were, of course, the Mazeograph kind that our friend Calvert of that city tells how to produce. We clip the following:
'Step in and get your pictures taken,' urged the postal card photographer, fastening his business eye on Gibson and Norman Hapgood, editor of 'Collier's,' instinctively recognizing them as tourists. 'Real works of art,' continued the camera fiend, 'and they're finished while you wait.'
'Let's,' said Gibson.
'Sure,' responded Hapgood, and they entered the gallery.
'Squat up, there,' directed the photographer, directing the man who is paid $100 for a single black and white sketch, to an improvised log with a painted canvas sky. 'Pretty nifty background, eh?' inquired the camera man, with a visible exhibition of pride. 'Gives an idea of Oregon scenery, and you can send the postals to the old folks at home. Mother will be pleased.
'Say,' addressing his remarks to Gibson, who was the first to be snapped, 'look pleasant. Tilt your head up - now your chin. Gee! (sotto voice to Hapgood) some of the people who come here to be photographed haven't any idea of the high lights, the tones and artistic effects, and I've got to tell 'em everything about how to pose. Say' -to Gibson- 'take your hat off; no, put it back on again; you haven't enough hair on top. Cut out chewing that sandwich - stick it in your pocket. Hold your hands so. I guess that'll have to do. Try to look lifelike. Gosh! that pose won't do. Now - that's better. Here, you (to Hapgood), want to take a peep at your friend under the cloth? He looks upside down on the glass, but that's the way they all do in the camera. All ready? Hold your breath, and don't wink. - O. K. Have it developed in ten minutes.'
Nest the editor man scrambled onto the rustic seat.
'Act natural,' commanded the photographer. 'I didn't tell you to look asleep. Cheer up. You're eating a biscuit too. You'll have to stop working your jaw, for this is isn't a moving picture machine. Think of something funny - your friend here for instance.' Gibson was indicated. 'All set? They're off!'
'Now run outside and look at the scenery while I dope out the pictures. Ten minutes and they'll be done.'
Half an hour later Hapgood remarked:
'The commercial advantage untruth has over truth is here exemplified.'
'Meaning?' asked the almost silent artist.
'That the photographer promised to have the pictures finished in ten minutes. Had he said it would require forty, we would not have patronized him.'
'Here they are,' called the camera boss. 'What's the name? Charles Dana Gibson? Gee! Then this must be Norman Hapgood. I read in the 'Telegram' you were coming to town." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 2, February 1909, pg. 80.


Cammack, Fred M.
Cammack & Johnson
Chronology
1902 Portland
Directory Listings
1898 PCD not listed
1899 PCD pg. 205 "Cammack, Frank (sic) M, lodgings 205 1/2 Washington"
1900 PCD pg. 212 "Cammack, Frederick M, clk O S Burns, rms 205 1/2 Washington"
1901 PCD pg. 188 "Cammack, Fred M, clk, b 120 E 14th"
1902 PCD pg. 240 "Cammack, Fred M (Cammack & Johnson), res 49 1/2 1st"; "Cammack & Johnson (Fred M Cammack, Walter H Johnson), photog 171 1st"; pg. 505 "Johnson, Walter H (Cammack & Johnson) 171 1st, rms 49 1/2 1st"
1903 PCD not listed
1904 PCD pg. 261 "Cammack, Fred, mkr Ore Laundry & T S Co. res 120 E 14th"
1905 PCD pg. 274 "Cammack, Fred M, marker Troy Laundry, res 49 E 9th"
1906 PCD pg. 272 "Cammack, Frank M, res 120 E 14th"
1907 PCD pg. 354 "Cammack, Fred M, marker, res 34 E 9th N"
1909 PCD pg. 367 "Cammack, Fred M, washer Opera House Laundry, res 1099 E 23d N"
1910 PCD pg. 252 "Cammack, Fred M marker Opera House Lndy h 1099 E 23d"
1911 PCD pg. 312 "Cammack, Fred M distributor Port Lndy h 1099 E 23d N"
1912 PCD pg. 318 "Cammack, Fred M marker Port Lndy h 1099 E 23d N"
1913 PCD pg. 274 "Cammack, Fred M driver h 1099 E 23d N"
1914 PCD pg. 370 "Cammack, Fred M (Lena) driver State Lndy h 1099 E 23d N"
1915 PCD pg. 279 "Cammack Fred M (Lena E) lndymn h 1034 30th N"
1916 PCD pg. 282 "Cammack Fred M (Evelyn L) lndymn h 1034 30th N"
1917 PCD pg. 235 "Cammack Fred M (Evelyn L) lndymn h 1034 30th N"
1918 PCD pg. 250 "Cammack Fred M (Evelyn L) emp Am Can Co h 1034 30th N"
1925 PCD Not listed


Campbell
Chronology
1917 Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1917: Campbell will show his Paget Color process slides of birds, nests, and eggs to Oregon Camera Club meeting on 16 Jan 1917. Oregon Journal, (Portland) 10 Jan 1917 pg. 2.


Campbell, A. L.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 253 "Campbell, A L lawyer 424 Bd of Trade, r 126 13th"
News Items and Advertisements
1910: Catalogue of print exhibition, A. L. Campbell has five print entries. Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 5.


Campbell, Don
Chronology
1910 Hilt, CA
1910 Ashland
News Items and Advertisements
1910: list of members of International Photographic Association, list of changes of address "2059X - Don Campbell, Lock Box 381, Ashland, Ore (was Hilt, Cal.) Camera Craft, July 1910, pg. 296.


Campbell, Hamilton (1812-1863)
Chronology
1854-1859 based in Corvallis, itinerant
1859-1862 San Francisco
Hamilton Campbell was born 12 June 1812 in West Virginia. He married Harriet Biddle on 5 February 1835 in Illinois. He came to Oregon in 1839, and lived in Marion County. In 1854 he moved to Corvallis and became a traveling daguerreotypist. He was the uncle of Byron P. Cardwell, of the firm Buchtel & Cardwell, and probably taught photography to Cardwell. He moved to San Francisco in 1859 to work as a photographer, and was doing so in 1860 when the federal census was taken. In 1862 he went to Mexico to engage in mining ventures, and was murdered on 12 June 1865.
Artifacts
There is a half-plate ambrotype portrait of Hamilton Campbell in the Oregon Historical Society. The full figure portrait of Campbell shows his interestingly decorated studio, and his large traveling sign "H Campbell" proped up behind him.
Offical Records
1860 federal census, San Francisco, reel 3, pg. 4; 4th district "Campbell, Hamilton, age 47, artist, personal value $600, born VA" plus large family (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
News Items and Advertisements
1853: "A Card. The owners of the Steamer Canemah, take this method of returning their warmest thanks and acknowledgments of gratitude to Capt. Shields, of the Steamer Oregon, for the timely and efficient aid rendered to the Canemah, at the time of the unfortunate accident on the 8th inst.
The Oregon arrived at the scene of disaster about forty minutes after its occurrence, and Catp. Shields kindly volunteered to return immediately with the sufferers to Canemah, thus affording them the most speedy medical relief.
For ourselves, and in behalf of the unfortunate sufferers by the accident, we thank him most cordially, and shall ever remember his kindness with the liveliest feelings of gratitude. A. F. Hedges, Chas. Bennett, Jno McLoskey, Hamilton Campbell, S. K. Barlow, Canemah, August 12, 1853." Oregon Statesman (Salem) 23 August 1853, pg. 3, col. 1
1854: "Passenger list, per steamship Peytona... arrived at Portland Feb. 12th...Miss Campbell, Rev. H. Campbell, Mr. Campbell..." Weekly Oregonian, 15 February 1854, pg. 2, col. 5
1857: "AMBROTYPING AND DAGUERREOTYPING CAN NOW BE HAD IN CORVALLIS, O. T. The suscriber is now prepared to execute better work in Picture Making than has hitherto been done in the Territory. As a proof of this, good judges have already pronounced my pictures superior to anything they had seen produced in this country by any other artist. In saying this, I do not intend anything unkind or wrong to any other artist: by no means. If I have not the experience of other artists, I have ingenuity, which will balance their experience. This give me the decided advantage. As proof of this, I am determined my work (with improvements) shall testify to an enlightened community. It is the interest of the public to get work done up in the neatest style and on the best terms. My unyeilding ambition is to Excel, and continue to execl. I have been at heavy expence in the commencement of the business, and will spare no dilligence or expense to make the establishment second best to no other.
I have made arrangements by which I shall be able to supply the public with as superior an article of stock, of the latest styles, and on as reasonable terms, as can be had in the country. All the valuable improvements will be added.
LANDSCAPES, SCENERY AND BUILDINGS taken in the best manner possible. Transfers neatly taken. Orders from a distance for landscapes, scenery, buildings, &c., will be promptly attended to.
Any one wishing instruction in the art of Picture Making, can be accommodated at all times, and complete outfits furnished. Instruments and stock of the best quality, just as low as can be done in the country. Perfect satisfaction is guaranteed to every applicant, or NO PAY. My prices will compete with the lowest.
The business of REPAIRING FINE WATCHES will still be attended to strictly. Making and mending Jewelry. Seal stamps made and engraved. Engraving in general neatly done, on short notice. Musical instruments of all kinds repaired. All work warranted faithfully done.
I have the Agency for Grover & Baker's Sewing Machines for Oregon and Washington Territories. Shuttle, Bag, and Family Machines - These machines are warranted to do double the work of any other patent. Every Flouring Mill would save the price of a machine about every twelve months, and a good machine, well taken care of, will last ten years. Such labor saving machines as the Family Machine should be in every family. Every machine warranted to each purchaser. Thread and silk, also, to supply each machine. Orders from a distance promptly attended to. H. Campbell. Corvallis, March 23, 1857." Weekly Oregonian, 28 March - 13 June 1857
1857: 'I. X. L. This is to notify my friends and public generally, that I intend to leave for Eugene City on the 20th of the present month, for the purpose of operating in Picture-Making for a short time. Due notice will be given of my removal from one place to another, so that all may know when and where to find me; that they may avail themselves of the oportunity (sic) of getting the BEST WORK done in the art of picture making, that can be Obtained anywhere else in the Territory.
I am not humbugging the public, and to satisfy them of this, I propose to give any artist in this or Washington Territory one hundred dollars, if they can produce as good pictures as I can. I am now prepared to furnish locket pictures in a much superior style than has hitherto been done in this country, by the Melainotype process. These pictures will not fail to give general satisfaction. I am fully determined by the aid of energy and perseverance to have my pictures rank with the best that is produced in any part of the world.
Instructions given in the art on liberal terms. Instruments and stock furnished; of the best quality and styles. All are invited to call and examine for themselves. My friends will find me ready, at those different places of operation, to Repare (sic) Fine Watches, and all other work, such as mending and making jewelry, repairing musical instruments, engraving seal stamps, &c. All work warranted faithfully done.
I have an agency for Grover & Baker's Sewing Machines for Oregon and Washington Territories. Shuttle, Bag and Family Machines-These machines are warranted to do double the work of any other patent. Every Flouring Mill would save the price of of a machine about every twelve months, and a good machine, well taken care of, will last ten years. Such labor-saving machines as the Family Machine should be in every family. Every machine warranted to each purchaser. Thread and silk, also to supply each machine. Orders from a distance promptly attended to. H. Campbell, Corvallis, June 20, 1857." Weekly Oregonian, 27 June, 1857 - 20 November 1858. (ed note- IXL= I Excell)
1858: New Improvements. The subscriber, having secured all the late Improvements and additions to the Photographic art, is now preparaed to supply the Picture admirer with a superior class of pictures, heretofore unknown in this country, and such can only be obtained in his Galleries at Salem and Corvallis. Therefore the friends living in the vicinity of either place will be sure to avail themselves of this opportunity to secure some rare specimens of pictures, of themselves and friends.
Ambrotypes, Meaneotypes (sic), Calotypes, Sphereotyps, and Photographs colored or plain. Oil painted Photographs being by far the most superior portraits and pictures that are produced in Europe or America, and are destined to supercede every other kind. The process of of Photographing is producing wonders. Pictures of of Statuary, Models, Buildings, Landscaps and Animals of all kinds, are among the excellencies of this process. I have the only facilities in this country for the production of such pictures.
I produce the only picture that is at all fit to send in letters. Experience proves that Melaneotypes are not at all fit, as has been published to the world; I am prepared to prove this to any sensible individual. I am prepared to produce this superior class of pictures, from the smallest possible miniature to full life size and even much larger. I have a variety of fine gold lockets, double and single. The best evidence of the superiority of my pictures over all others in this country is that every visitor to my gallery, without exception, so decides.
Having enjoyed the rare privilege of between three and four months practice in San Francisco this last summer, with one of the best practical, and most popular Photographers in Europe or America, this gives me a decided advantage. My gallery is always open for the inspection of ladies and gentlemen, and pictures for their inspection.
I have an occasional hour, which I can appropriate to the repairing of musical instruments. I have also a process by which I renew brass furniture of all kinds in the most elegant style; it will look as well as when first from the manufactory.
After New Years my gallery will be constantly open, where I may be found to attend to all calls. My gallery, at Corvallis, will have an operator to attend to customers. H. Campbell. Salem, Dec. 23, 1858." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 28 December 1858 - 17 January 1860.
1858: "BIG ONES.- Mr. H. Campbell is fitting up a picture gallery in this place, and, it is said, will be prepared to take likenesses as large as life.The apparatus is reported to have cost $5,000 or $6,000. When he will be prepared for operation, we have not heard." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 28 September 1858, pg. 2, col. 6
1858: "Pictures.- We were shown the other day, by Mr. H. Campbell, who has recently established a photographic galery in this place, some specimens of his skill in the art of picture making, which we unhesitatingly pronounce superior to anything of the kind which has been produced in Oregon, and equal to the best of California artists. A photograph painted in oil was remarkably fine and accurate. This style of picture must entirely supersede (sic) the old fashioned oil portraits on canvas, as they are finer, much more truthful, and equally durable; while they are afforded at a less price. Mr. Campbell has been at great expense to prepare for taking these excellent pictures, and he certainly deserves the patronage of the public." Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 7 December 1858, pg. 2, col. 5.
1859: "New Improvements. The subscriber having secured all the latest improvements and additions to the photographic art, is now prepared to supply the Picture Admirer with a superior class of pictures, heretofore unknown in this country, and such only as can be obtained in his galleries at Salem and Corvallis. Therefore the friends living in either place will be sure to avail themselves of this opportunity to secure some rare specimens of themselves and friends.
Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Callotypes, Spherotypes, and Photographs, colored or plain. Oil Painted Photopraphs (sic) being by far the most superior portraits and pictures that are produced in Europe and America, and are destined to supersede every other kind. The process of Photographing wonders.
Pictures of Statues, Models, Buildings, Landscapes, and Animals of all kinds, are among the excellencies of this process.
I have the only facilities in this county for the production of such pictures. I produce the only pictures that are all fit to send in letters.
Experience has proven that Melainotypes are not at all fit as has been published to the world. I am prepared to produce this superior class of pictures, from the smallest possible miniature to full life size and even much larger. I have a variety of Fine Gold Lockets, Double and Single. The best evidence of the superiority of my pictures over others in this country, is that every visitor to my gallery without exception so decides.
My gallery is always open for the inspection of ladies and gentlemen, and pictures for their inspection.
I have an occasional hour which I can appropriate to the repair of Musical Instruments. I have also a process which I renew Brass Furniture of all kinds in the most elegant style. It will look as well as when first from the manufactory.
My gallery will be constantly open, where I may be found to attend to calls. My gallery at Corvallis will have an operator to attend to customers. H. Campbell. Salem, April 1859. Oregon Statesman (Salem) 12 April 1859 (first insertion)
1859: "Mr. Campbell advertises to renew brass furniture. Dryer had better let him try his skill upon his face. Can brass soaked in whisky be 'renewed'!" Oregon Statesman (Salem) 12 April 1859, pg. 2, col. 5. (T. Dryer was editor of the Oregonian)
1863: "THE MURDER OF MR. HAMILTON CAMPBELL- The following particulars of this tragic event have been handed to us for publication, as they will doubtless be of interest to a large circle of friends and acquaintances in this state, where Mr. Campbell resided for many years.
At the time of his murder he was superintendent of the Teramarra mine, situated about 150 miles from Guaymas, and owned by Robt. Campbell, a Mexican named Neuratta and another person. Mr. R. Campbell had gone to the mountains on a prospecting tour, leaving the superintendent in charge, and as the latter did not understand Spanish, Neuratta was requested to furnish him with some reliable workmen. and two peons were sent as such. One of these Mr. C. had occasion to send on an errand to San Antonio, about 6 miles from the mine, and during his absence the murder was committed by the other peon. This occurred on Friday, June 12, in the afternoon. Mr. Campbell at the time was kneeling down by a large jar of water, in which he was washing and asorting silver ore, with the intention of sending it for assay to San Francisco, when the cowardly assassin, standing behind him, struck him on the head with a steel bar, crushing the skull in a frightful manner. Death must have been instantaneous, as only one blow was struck. The murderer then robbed his victim, taking from his pockets between forty and fifty dollars and a pistol, and escaped to the mountains. The only motive was plunder, as there could have been no cause for revenge, The other peon, on his return the next morning, discovered the body, and having procured assistance, carried it to San Antonio, where it was buried under the supervision and charge of the American residents, in the ground attached to the church there. Before the steamer left Guymas for San Francisco, it was reported that the murderer had been arrested and executed." Oregonian, 30 July, 1863, pg. 4, col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli) (this original dispatch was relayed in Salem by the Oregon Statesman, 27 July, 1863, pg. 2, col. 6. and the above report appeared in the Oregon Statesman on 3 August 1863, pg. 4, col. 2.
1864: account of death of Hamilton Campbell's son, Gustavus Campbell, who shot himself while hunting. Oregon Statesman, 12 December 1864, pg. 2, col. 2.
1865: obituary of six year old son of Hamilton Campbell, Willie, H., who died in Portland on April 10th. Oregon Statesman, 1 May 1865, pg. 1, col. 4.
1937: "... Mr. Buchtel also served on the Canemah, which was built at Canemah in 1851 by Captain A. F. Hedges, Captain Charles Bennett, Alanson Beers, Hamilton Campbell, and John McClosky. On August 8, 1853, when the Canemah was near Champoeg, one of the flues exploded, killing a passenger... Mr. Buchtel also ran on the Shoalwater..." Oregon Journal, (Portland) 8 July 1937 pg. 12 Fred Lockley; Impressions and Observations of the Journal Man.
Bibliography
Oregon Native Son, February 1900, pg. 458-459. (biography of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton Campbell) "...In 1854 he removed to Corvallis and engaged in the photographic business, and later to San Francisco, in 1859, where he pursued the same calling..." portrait on pg. 422.
Gazette-Times, (Corvallis) 26 November 1984 (biography of Hamilton Campbell)
Index and Volume II of Genealogical Material in Oregon Donation Land Claims, No. 3226
Genealogical file in Oregon Historical Society Library vertical file.
Index card of date of death in Multnomah County Library, Portland


Campbell, John
Barnum & Campbell
Chronology
1879-1882 Portland
Directory Listings
1879 PD pg. 253 Photographers "Barnum & Campbell, Fifth near Yamhill", pg. 55 additional names supplement "Barnum & Campbell, portrait gallery, e s Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Barnum, J. T., (B & Campbell) res Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"; "Campbell, J. (Barnum & C) res Fifth bet Morrison and Yamhill"
1882 GD pg. 120 "Campbell, John photographer, re s e cor Fifth and Columbia"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 52 (note: this work identifies the wrong people)


Camps, Frank L.
Chronology
1891 Olympia WA
1901-1917 Ashland
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 903 Olympia WA "Camps, Frank, photographer, 412 4th"
1901 POWA pg. 111 Ashland "Camps, Frank L. photographer"
1903 POW pg. 112 Ashland "Camps, Frank L photographer"
1905 POW pg. 116 Ashland "Camps, Frank L photographer"
1906 ASL pg. 50 Ashland "Camps, Frank L, photog Main, res same"
1907 POW pg. 115 Ashland "Camps, Frank L photographer"
1909 POW pg. 61 Ashland "Camps, Frank L photographer"
1911 POW pg. 60 Ashland "Camps, Frank L photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Camps, F. L. Ashland O"
1915 POW pg. 128 Ashland "Camps, F L garage 378 E Main"
1917 POW pg. 104 Ashland "Camps, F L garage"
News Items and Advertisements
1912: "Ashland, Oregon, has two new photographers. Both Mr. Camps and Mr. Boyd having leased studios there." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 10, October 1912, pg. 486.


Canaday, W. H.
Chronology
1891 Burns
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 198 Burns "Canaday, H., photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"W. H. Canaday, Burns, Oreg" cabinet card printed front. (Harney County Historical Society)


Canaris, Catherine ( -c. 1938)
Canaris, Frank H. (1854-1937)
Chronology
1897-1903 Portland (Catherine)
1893-1896 Long Beach WA
Directory Listings
1895-1896 PCD not listed
1897 PCD pg. 198 "Canaris, Mrs Catharine photographer 466 E Alder, res same"
1898 PCD pg. 201 "Canaris, Mrs Catharine photographer 466 E Alder, res same"
1899 EO & P pg. 44 Portland photographers "Canaris, Catharine, 466 E Alder"
1899 PCD pg. 207 "Canaris, Mrs Catherine photographer Wm Sandeen res 466 E Alder"
1900 PCD pg. 214 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), photg Wm Sandeen res 466 E Alder"
1901 PCD pg. 191 "Canaris, Katherine (wid Frank), photog, res 466 E Alder"
1902 PCD pg. 242 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), res 466 E Alder"
1903 PCD pg. 237 "Canaris, Mrs. Catherine, photog 466 E Alder, res same"
1904 PCD pg. 263 "Canaris, Mrs. Catherine, pkr Knight Packing Co, res 466 E Alder"
1905 PCD pg. 276 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), photog, E W Dill, res 466 E Alder"
1906 PCD pg. 275 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), res 466 E Alder"
1907 PCD pg. 357 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), res 466 E Alder"
1909 PCD pg. 370 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank), fur rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1910 PCD pg. 255 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank) furn rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1911 PCD pg. 316 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank) furn rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1912 PCD pg. 322 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank) h 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1913 PCD pg. 277 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank) furn rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1914 PCD pg. 373 "Canaris, Catherine (wid Frank) furn rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1915 PCD pg. 282 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank H) h 23 E 8th"
1916 PCD pg. 285 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) furn rms 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1917 PCD pg. 238 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) furn rms 461 1/2 E Burnside"
1918 PCD pg. 254 "Canaris, Cath Mrs 464 1/2 E Burnside"
1920 PCD pg. 282 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) h 461 1/2 E Burnside"
1921 PCD pg. 240 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) h 461 1/2 E Burnside"
1924 PCD pg. 437 "Canaris, Cath (wid F) h 40 E 22d N"
1925 PCD pg. 400 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank H) C S pract 40 E 22d N"
1928 PCD pg. 392 "Caharis (sic) Cath (wid Frank) tchr h 40 E 22d N"
1930 PCD pg. 350 "Canaris Cath Mrs tchr h 40 E 22d N"
1934 PCD pg. 263 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) h 104 NE 22d av"
1936 PCD pg. 253 "Canaris, Cath (wid Frank) h 104 NE 22d av"
1937 PCD pg. 207 "Canaris Cath Mrs h 104 NE 22d av"
Photographer's Imprints
"Mrs. C. Canaris, Photographer, No. 468 East Alder Street, Portland, Oregon" stamped back of cabinet card.
News Items and Advertisements
1937: "FRANK CANARIS, PIONEER LONG BEACH, PASSES. Frank Henry Canaris, 83, pioneer resident of Long Beach for 56 years, being the tourist court business since 1925, passed away at his home here Sunday morning at 4:15 a. m., following a month's illness.
Mr. Canaris, born February 4, 1854 at Reine Provene, Russia, came to the United States at one year old. He was the son of Peter and Anna Canaris, his father being a naturalized citizen of the United States before Frank was born. The deceased had two brothers, John and Peter Jr., both dead.
EXPERIENCED AN EARTHQUAKE. When a young man Mr. Canaris spent two years colonizing in Central America, settling at San Salvador, where he started a sugar plantation. When telling of his experiences just after the earthquake, said the only building left standing was the American consulate over which the American flag still flies, everything else was raised to the ground by the earthquake. He left Central America shortly after the quake.
ONE OF THE OLDEST PIONEERS AND HAD MANY PROFESSIONS. While in Nehalem valley Mr. Canaris met the late Henry Harrison Tinker, who in 1880 founded the Long Beach, Washington, beach resort and in May, 1881, Frank Canaris moved to Long Beach where he purchased a piece of property from H. H. Tinker and in 1882 built the Harvest Home hotel which he operated for a number of years. Later selling the Harvest Home to the late Joseph McKean. The old building was torn down this spring. Mr. Canaris was one of the oldest pioneers of this community, in 1896 having builded the the Crystal bathhouse at Long Beach, assisted by the late Billy Farrell. The bathhouse burned and was replaced by another which was later also destroyed by fire.
Mr. Canaris was the fourth postmaster at Long Beach, establishing the first money order system here. He served as justice of the peace, constable, and school director in the early days and ran a curio shop here for 30 years. He also did photographic work.
Frank H. Canaris was married three times. His second wife, Christina Canaris, passed away 14 years ago. He is survived by his widow, Martha Bauer Canaris, whom he wed 12 years ago, a step-son, Albert Kunz of Portland and a number of neices and nephews, namely, Mrs. George Lee, Mary Burke, Ame Hawkins, Lillian Fredrickson, and Albert Canaris.
Frank was an active member of Klopsan Tribe No. 113 I. O. R. M. for the past quarter century, being past sachem of the order and was also a member of Woodmen of the World.
Forty-five Red Men in regalia conducted the funeral services at the Long Bech gymnasium Monday at 2 P. M., Great Sachem Q. D. Mitchell reading the services and Mayor E. W. Jacobson giving the outline of the deceased brother's life. After the funeral L. L. Bruning took the remains to his Portland mortuary for cremation. The Long Beach stores were closed during the funeral services." Chinook Observer, (Chinook WA) 20 August 1937, pg. 1, col. 6. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 55


Candlin, L. M., Mrs.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Candlin, L. M. ..."


Cannon
Bybee & Cannon
Chronology
1913 Willamina
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1952 photographers "Bybee & Cannon, Willamina O"


Caraberis, George
Caraberis & Nickas
Chronology
1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1916 PCD pg. 287 "Carabras, (sic) Geo clk Saml Pulos r 287 Burnside r 287 Burnside" (Pulos is a cigar store)
1917 PCD pg. 240 "Caraberis, Geo (Caraberis & Nickas) r 305 5th"; "Caraberis & Nickas (Geo Caraberis, C Nickas) photgrs 207 Globe bldg"; "Nickas, Christ (Caraberis & Nickas) r 173 Montgomery"
1918 PCD pg. 255 "Caraberis Geo (Gerda) clk Mike George h 305 5th"


Cardwell, Byron P. (1832-1903)
Cardwell, J. R.
Ellsworth, Frank
Buchtel & Cardwell
Ellsworth & Cardwell
Chronology
1859-1865 Portland (Buchtel & Cardwell)
1866 Cardwell Gallery
April 19, 1866-January 1, 1867 Cardwell & Ellsworth
Employee Listings
Desmond, R. A. Mr., operator 1866
A substantial amount of confusion exists about the four Cardwells mentioned in this book. To summarize briefly, Buchtel and B. P. Cardwell opened a photograph studio in 1859. A brother of Byron, J. R. Cardwell opened a dental operation in this same building, next to Buchtel and Cardwell's gallery. In 1864 J. R. Cardwell may have acquired the interest of B. P. Cardwell and entered the partnership with Buchtel. The third, R. H. Cardwell, was another brother who briefly had a Portland studio but moved to Seattle and then to Astoria. Also Buchtel shared a building with W. B. Cardwell, surgeon, at First and Morrison in 1876.
Please also see Joseph Buchtel, Hamilton Campbell, Frank Dalton, R. H. Cardwell, R. A. Desmond.
Byron P. Cardwell arrived in Oregon in 1852 at age 20. He probably learned photography from his uncle, Hamilton Campbell, an itinerant daguerreotypist from Corvallis. In 1859 Campbell moved to San Francisco to be a photographer, and Cardwell may have moved to Portland to work with Buchtel at this time. Buchtel knew Campbell, having worked on his boat in 1853.
From 1859-1864 B. P. Cardwell had a partnership with Joseph Buchtel. The reader is refereed to the Buchtel biography for information about Cardwell during their partnership. In 1864, B. P. Cardwell was appointed Assistant Assessor and Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Oregon.
It appears that J. R. Cardwell, the dentist, bought the partnership share of his brother. 1864 advertising names J. R. Cardwell as the active partner. The Buchtel & Cardwell partnership continued operating under that name until early 1865.
On 10 January 1865, the Oregonian announced the Buchtel & Cardwell gallery had sold out. J. R. Cardwell announced that the Cardwell gallery was open for business at the old address. Buchtel soon announced he was an operator in A. B. Woodard's gallery. The dissolution of the Buchtel & Cardwell's partnership had left Cardwell in an advantageous position, controlling the well known studio location in Shelby's building. Also Cardwell was able to keep R. A. Desmond, their chief photographer. Desmond, an employee of Brady's gallery, had moved to Portland from New York and accepted a job as operator with Buchtel & Cardwell in March of 1864. He is spoken of very highly in contemporary reports, and there is little doubt he was an important asset to Cardwell's enterprise.
On 2 March 1865, J. R. Cardwell announced he had sold the Gallery to F. Dalton. Dalton is one of the few Oregon photographers I have seen who used a date stamp on each photograph he made, making the tracking of the galley substantially easier. Desmond continued as the operator of Dalton's gallery. (See Dalton, Frank in this book)
On 23 November 1865, J. R. Cardwell announced he had bought F. Dalton out, and that the Cardwell gallery was open, with R. A. Desmond as operator.
On April 19, 1866, Cardwell announced that he had a new firm, Cardwell & Ellsworth. His new partner was photographer Frank Ellsworth, who relocated to Portland from the east for this enterprise. R. A. Desmond is still advertised as their operator.
The natural history museum adjacent to the Buchtel and Cardwell's gallery, which was mostly J. R. Cardwell's, remained an advertised attraction through the Cardwell and Ellsworth partnership. J. R. Cardwell was an amateur taxidermist, and had won first premium at the 1861 and 1862 State Fairs. This exhibit appears to have been Portland's first museum.
In the fall of 1866, Ellsworth & Cardwell launched an advertising campaign in the Oregonian, writing new ad copy every three days. These advertisements probably did them more harm than good, due to the ludicrous style of the copywriter. The comedy of analogies and crude attempts at cleverness are frequently a thinly veiled attack on Buchtel, who had announced the opening of his new studio on August 25th. Two months later, the newspapers announced Buchtel was awarded first premium for photography at the 1866 Oregon State Fair, and Ellsworth and Cardwell responded "Ellsworth & Cardwell sent no pictures to the State Fair this year. Those we saw there are not equal to those...which are produced at this Gallery. As these gentlemen did not contend for a premium, the fact of anyone getting it will have no weight as to superiority...". Buchtel's reply bristled in the next day's paper that "his work stands for itself and does not require bombastic puffs in self written cards to recommend itself to the public".
On December 17th Ellsworth & Cardwell announced that they were going out of business effective January 1, 1867. This was probably the result of a deal with Buchtel, who had left for San Francisco on December 13th to buy new studio equipment. Buchtel, who had only occupied his new Front and Morrison gallery for 4 months, announced his move back into the Shelby building gallery on January 21, 1867.
The 1866 advertisements provide a glimpse into Ellsworth & Cardwell's operation. They offered to produce ambrotypes, sun pearls, mammoth photographs, ferrotypes, crayons, vignettes, life size photographs, and CDVs, plain or enameled. They also retailed stereo cards made by a New York firm. Their prices were below Buchtel's. There is no indication they photographed anything other than studio portraits and copy work.
Artifacts
The Oregon Historical Society has a CDV portrait of Byron Cardwell (OHS 209 A-3), and a second image of him posing with Buchtel.
Photograph of Theodore Riggs, CDV vignette head shot, on unmarked mount with ms. note "Taken at Cardwell's Gallery, Portland, Oregon, February 6, 1866" (Stanley Hess)
Directory Listings
1863 PD pg. 21 "Buchtel & Cardwell, artists, 87 First", pg. 23 "Cardwell, B. P., (Buchtel & Cardwell) artist, 87 First St., res NW cor Harrison and Fourth.", plus display ad pg. 22 quoted in full under Buchtel's listing in this book.
1864 PD pg. 39 "Cardwell, B. P. Photographer, res NW corner fourth.", "Buchtel & Cardwell, Photographers, rooms 89 First" Ellsworth not listed.
1865 PD pg. 37 "Buchtel & Cardwell, Photograph gallery, 89 First St.", pg. 41 "Cardwell, B. P., photographer res NW cor Fourth", photograph galleries pg. 97 "Cardwell, J. R., 89 First.", (plus display ad quoted below) Ellsworth not listed
1867 West Coast pg. 281 Portland "Ellsworth & Cardwell, photographers 89 First"
1866 PD pg. 41 "Cardwell, B. P., photographer, res cor Fourth and Harrison", pg. 47 "Ellsworth, Frank, res cor Fifth and Morrison with W. G. West." (W. G. West was a messenger for Wells, Fargo & Co.)
1867 PD pg. 41 "Cardwell, Byron P, Photograph Artist, res cor Fourth and Harrison.", "Cardwell J. R., dentist, 89 First, res 235 Second.", pg. 49 "Ellsworth, Frank (Cardwell & Ellsworth) photograph gallery, 89 First, bds N s Washington bet Third and Fourth.", pg. 47 "Desmond, operator at Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First, bds cor B and First"
1868 PD pg. 41 "Cardwell, Byron P., Deputy U. S. Internal Revenue Collector, res cor Fourth and Harrison.", "Cardwell, J. R., dentist, 89 First, res 233 Second." (also listed is Richard H. Cardwell, photographer, please see separate listing)
1869 PD pg. 43 "Cardwell, Byron, res cor Fourth and Harrison", "Cardwell, J. R., dentist, office 89 First.", "Cardwell, W. B., physician, office 89 First."
1871 PD not listed
1872 PD pg. 53 "Cardwell, J. R., dentist, 89 First"
1880 PD pg. 87 "Cardwell, B. P., deputy collector Internal Revenue, res 395 Fourth", "Cardwell, J. R., Dentist, office rm 4 Dekum's building, res 235 Second"
1881 PD pg. 92 "Cardwell, B. P., department collector Internal Revenue, res 395 Fourth, n w cor Harrison", "Cardwell, J. R., Dentist, 115 First, cor Washington, res w q cor Second and Columbia"
Directory listings continue throughout their lives.
Photographer's Imprints
"Ellsworth & Cardwell, Portland,----Oregon" CDV printed back
"Ellsworth & Cardwell, Cardwell Gallery, 89 First Street. Portland, Oregon" CDV printed back (OHS)
News Items and Advertisements
The reader is refereed to Joseph Buchtel for Buchtel and Cardwell ads.
1852: "List of Letters remaining in the Post Office at Salem, O. T., June 30, A.. D., 1852 ... Cardwell, B. P." Oregon Statesman (Salem) 10 July 1852, pg. 3, col. 2.
1856: "MARRIED - In Corvallis, at the residence of Hon. G. E. Cole, on the evening of April 32d, by the Rev. W. F. Boyakin, Mr. Byron P. Cardwell, formerly of Jacksonville, Ill., to Miss Abbie M. Clark, formerly of South Hadlay, Mass." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 12 April 1856. pg. 3, col. 3. (see Wakefield for information about an 1852 daguerreotype of Abbie Clark) (item courtesy of Michael Cirelli)
1863: (List of jurors) "The Grand Jury consisting of...B. P. Cardwell...was sworn in..." Oregonian, 9 March 1863, pg. 3, col. 1
1863: "J. R. Cardwell, Surgeon Dentist...Has permanently located in Portland...Office adjoining Buchtel & Cardwell's Picture Gallery..." Oregonian, 11 July 1863
1864: "Multnomah County Union Convention...South Portland...B. P. Cardwell" Oregonian, 14 March 1864, pg. 2 col. 2.
1864: "Notice to the Public. Notice is hereby given that the special Income Tax under the U. S. Internal Revenue Law. of the act of Congress approved June 30th, 1864, for Division No. 4, is now open for examination at my office in Salem, Marion county, for ten days from date. No change of assessment will be allowed after the expiration of the ten days. Byron Cardwell, Assistant Assessor, 4th Division, Salem, Nov. 11, 1864" Oregon Statesman, (Salem) 14 November 1864 pg. 2, col. 7
1865: "SOLD OUT - The photograph gallery on Front street which has been conducted for a long term of years by Messrs. Buchtel & Cardwell, has changed into the proprietorship of other parties. The collection of rare species of birds, animals, reptiles, etc., which forms an attractive cabinet of curiosities in natural history, has made this the finest resort in the State, and the name of the old firm have been synonymist (sic) on the part of naming and preserving the relics which have been entrusted or donated to them." Oregonian, 10 January 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865: "100,000 MEN WANTED - To sit for cards de visite, ambrotypes, life sized photographs, &c., &c., in all the latest styles
The undersigned having refitted and refurbished the old Gallery of BUCHTEL & CARDWELL, No. 89 First street, Portland, and engaged the services of MR. DESMOND, of Wm. Shew's Gallery, San Francisco, of whom Mr. Shew says in his letter of recommendation, 'I think he possesses all the requisite qualifications of a FIRST CLASS OPERATOR, and has the best practical knowledge of Photographic Chemistry of any man in California,' the undersigned proposes to take One Hundred Thousand Pictures this season.
Cards will be delivered with all possible dispatch. Children will be taken in the twinkling of an eye. The public are respectfully invited to call and satisfy themselves that he is prepared to compete with any Gallery on the Pacific Coast. F. DALTON. N. B.- Negatives will be preserved at the request of the patron." Oregonian, 2 March - 3 April 1865 (The text changed over the course of the month. The recommendation of Shew was an addition.)

DALTON'S GALLERY ADS- PLENTY OF THEM- SEE DALTON, FRANK

1865: "Cardwell's Gallery - It will be seen that the popular establishment, formerly known as Buchtel & Cardwell's Gallery, on First street, and more recently as Dalton's Gallery and Museum, has passed into the possession of Dr. Cardwell. Mr. Desmond, the somewhat famous artist, will remain in the establishment. Mr. Desmond is from the school of artists so popular in the East, and was once connected with the establishment of Brady, in New York. He has won considerable fame on the Pacific coast of late years, not a small part of which has been acquitted in Portland the past year." Oregonian, 23 November 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865: "Cardwell's Gallery & Museum. No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, and conduct the business as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 23 November 1865 (first insertion)1866: "Cardwell's Photographic Gallery & Museum. No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 11 January 1866 (last insertion)

1866 Ellsworth & Cardwell Advertising
1866: "PHOTOGRAPHICAL- ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL, Proprietors of the CARDWELL GALLERY, 89 First Street, announce that they are fully prepared to meet the increasing demand for their First Class Pictures. Their CARTES DE VISITE are inimitable and beyond competition" Oregonian 9 April 1866 (first)
"NEW FIRM - Dr. Cardwell has associated with him in the business of Photographing, Mr. F. Ellsworth, who has lately arrived from the East. Mr. Desmond, who has earned a first-class reputation as an operator, will continue with the new firm. Read their card in another column." The Daily Herald, (Portland) 12 April 1866 pg. 3, col. 2
"CARDWELL PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY, 89 First. Street, between Washington and Alder, Portland, Oregon. This old and well-known GALLERY & MUSEUM, having passed into the hands of the present proprietors, with additional new Stock and Material, they are now prepared to execute in the very highest style of the Art, Mammoth Photographs, Cartes de Visite, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, In fact every style of picture of the 'human face divine'. The services of the distinguished operator and artist Mr. R. A. Desmond, have been secured, which announcement is sufficient for the customers of this establishment. A cordial invitation to our friends, and the public generally is hereby extended to visit us, when we will use our best efforts to please. ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL, proprietors Cardwell Photographic Gallery, 89 First Street." The Daily Herald, (Portland) 12 April 1866 pg. 3 (first insertion)
"FINE PICTURES- Ellsworth & Cardwell continue to take the lead in PHOTOGRAPHS, ALBUM and VISITING CARDS, AMBROTYPES, etc., at the Cardwell Gallery, 89 First Street, above Washington. The celebrated artist, Mr. Desmond, superintends the operating room. Persons may sit at any time from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m." Oregonian 13 - 18 April 1866
"A TRUE PICTURE- By calling on ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL at the CARDWELL PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY, 89 First Street, persons may get the MOST BEAUTIFUL as well as the MOST LIFE-LIKE PICTURE of themselves in this country. A single trial of the skill of MR. DESMOND, the distinguished Operator, will completely convince the most skeptical." Oregonian 24 April 1866
"FACIAL EXPRESSION.- ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL at their gallery, 89 First Street, can show, and are now taking the most superb CARD PICTURES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AMBROTYPES, MELAINOTYPES, etc. Mr. Desmond is the Operator at this Establishment and stands without a rival here or elsewhere." Oregonian 25 April 1866
There are three more months of similar daily advertising, which is not being included in this book.

"THE HUMAN FACE - What vast expression there is in the human face. Julius Caesar, Napoleon, Washington, Jackson, Grant, and other great generals possessed nobility of features both on and off the field of battle to a wonderful degree. To get the features in repose and beauty by Photography you must go to ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL'S GALLERY, 89 First St." Oregonian 1-5 August 1866
"PICTURE FACT - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, received by the last steamer an order from a gentleman with a prominent mercantile house (and a well known citizen of San Francisco) from which the following is an extract: 'Please send me, by Wells, Fargo & Co., another dozen of those vignettes, and oblige yours,' &c. As the writer is an excellent judge of photographic work and the fine arts, his letter to the above firm proved, beyond a doubt, that they can produce equal, if not superior, pictures at their gallery here to those coming from the first class establishment of the California metropolis." Oregonian 7-8 August 1866
"ATLANTIC CABLE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, Have received no dispatch yet from Her Majesty, Queen Victoria, but it is presumed she is interested to know that they continue to furnish the most BEAUTIFUL PHOTOGRAPHS, in this section of the United States. Visitors to this GALLERY will please mention this fact in their dispatches to the Court of St. James." Oregonian 14-15 August 1866
"PICTURE CONVENTION - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, expects to hold a convention at their Photograph Gallery solely for the public good. Delegates from all parts of this State and the adjoining Territories arrive daily and present their faces to the above firm, which does away with the credentials and proxy business. The people at large are always welcome." Oregonian 17-18 August 1866
"PICTURE COMMITTEE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, have been awarded a favorable report and the highest eulogies for the finest photographs and pictures of all kinds by the committee selected from the people at large. This of course settles all questions of quality and superiority. The gallery and museum continues to attract all classes." Oregonian 21 August 1866 pg. 3 col. 4
"PICTURE VERDICT - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, have received the verdict which pronounces that the Photographs, Sun Pearls, etc. from this Gallery are the finest ever produced on the Pacific coast. This accords with the opinion of transient residents, judges of art who always visit this establishment during their short stay. This firm are prepared to meet all demands in the picture line." Oregonian 23-25 August 1866
"PHOTOGRAPHIC DIAMONDS - Ellsworth & Cardwell at their Gallery, 89 First Street, lead all others in the production of every kind of PICTURE and hold the same rank in the photographic art as the diamond, ruby, topaz, onyx, and emerald do among the precious gems. Within the last few days, this establishment has executed some specimens of exquisite workmanship and is fully prepared to hold its position at the front without fear of successful competition." Oregonian 29 August 1866
"AUTUMNAL SHOWER - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, would respectfully announce, that the present refreshing, beautiful shower of rain does not at all prevent them from taking those ELEGANT PHOTOGRAPHS, or, in fact, any kind of FIRST CLASS PICTURE. This Gallery is noted for its superb work even during the most unfavorable weather." Oregonian 31 August 1866 pg. 2 col. 2
"GOLDEN SHIMMER - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, use the purest gold in developing those CARTES DE VISITE, SUN PEARLS, and other productions of the photographic art. This is one of the few things which give tone to the PICTURES, as well as to the GALLERY of those gentlemen.The establishments of the Eastern States of San Francisco do not now pretend to surpass this in any department of the business." Oregonian 5 September 1866 pg. 2 col. 3
"RAREST OF THE RARE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, have shown us some of their enameled photographic card pictures which are strikingly beautiful. This is the only gallery where can be obtained a specimen of this patented improvement of the art. Other kind (sic) of Pictures, such as SUN PEARLES, PEARL AMBROTYPES, PLAIN PHOTOGRAPHS, etc., furnished as usual." Oregonian 10-11 September 1866 pg. 2 col. 3
"SILVER SHEEN - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, Have succeeded in producing a photograph picture combining all those beautiful shades and effects which render them so superior to all others. The fact that this firm is now filling orders for pictures from San Francisco and all parts of this State and adjoining Territories tells the story. The kind of work executed at this gallery commends itself to all." Oregonian 7 September 1866 pg. 2 col. 3
"THE PICTURE GALLERY - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, take the FINEST PICTURES, and have the gallery par excellence, on the Pacific Coast, outside of San Francisco. And even that city, with all its wealth and facilities for doing business, cannot boast of a Photographic Establishment that can surpass this one for ARTISTIC STYLE and FINISH. Everything known to the Art executed in a FIRST CLASS manner." Oregonian 15 September 1866
"NOTA BENE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, continue to attract public attention to their MAGNIFICENT PHOTOGRAPHS, CARTES DE VISITE, SUN PEARLS, ENAMELED CARD PICTURES, etc. the truth is this is the only GALLERY where you can get the genuine production of the art. This firm have lately received from New York some beautiful stereoscopic views of the White Mountains and vicinity." Oregonian 17-19 September 1866 pg. 2 col. 3
"SPOTLESS - Ellsworth & Cardwell Photograph Gallery, 89 First Street, is the place to get those SPOTLESS SUN PEARLS, CARD PICTURES, PEARL AMBROTYPES, etc, etc. Experience tells us that 'The best are always the cheapest' which accounts for the large number of sitters who daily visit this Establishment. Pictures taken equally well in sunny or cloudy weather." Oregonian 20-22 September 1866
"THE WONDERS OF PHOTOGRAPHY - Ellsworth & Cardwell, at their GALLERY, 89 First street, have shown us some of the most exquisite specimens of the Photographic Art ever executed here. Among the various styles seen at this establishment we might mention those magnificent and delicate toned SUN PEARLS, those superb PATENT ENAMELED PICTURES, those artistic ALBUM and VISITING CARDS, as well as PEARL AMBROTYPES, MELAINOTYPES, etc. All who value fine work will visit this Gallery without delay." Oregonian, September 24-25 1866
"LOOK UPON THIS PICTURE' Etc. - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First Street, invite the public to call and examine those beautiful PICTURES on exhibition at their GALLERY. The MUSEUM attached to this establishment contains many curiosities of the Taxidermist's skill, and the Mineral Department is full of Geological Wonders." Oregonian 27-29 September 1866 Oregonian 27-29 September 1866
"THE ART AMONG THE ANCIENTS - recent researches among the ruins of Pompeii (sic) and Herculaum have led some writers to think that the inhabitants of those ruined cities knew something of PHOTOGRAPHS. Whether this is so or not the most brilliant results are being brought out of the art at the present day, at the GALLERY of ELLSWORTH AND CARDWELL, 89 First Street, may be seen some exquisite gems in the PICTURE line that are unapproachable as works of art. We would advise those who wish to adorn their parlors and albums in a tasteful manner to give those gentlemen a call." Oregonian 1-3 October 1866
"ELEGANT PICTURES- Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First street, are astonishing the art world and public generally with the most beautiful SUN PEARLS, CARD PHOTOGRAPHS, Crayons, Ambrotypes, etc. It is useless now to go or send to San Francisco or New York for fine work, as this GALLERY can furnish every style known to the art equally as good. Very young children should be brought before 12 o'clock." Oregonian, 4-6 October 1866
"THE MORNING DEW DROP - Those splendid SUN PEARLS we saw at ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL'S GALLERY, 89 First street, the other day, are as fresh and rosy as the surface of a dew drop in the rays of the morning sunlight. All of the various styles of PICTURES known to the art are procurable at any time from this establishment." Oregonian, 9-10 October 1866
"PURE AS CRYSTAL - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First street, finish SUN PEARLS, all styles of PHOTOGRAPHS, and every kind of PICTURE with tone equalling the pure crystal. This GALLERY excels all others for excellent work. A few passe partouts frames for PORCELAIN PICTURES arrived on the steamship Pacific." Oregonian, 11-13 October 1866
"THE PLACE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First street, is the place to get the finest SUN PEARLS, the finest PHOTOGRAPHS, the finest VIGNETTES - in fact ALL of the latest and finest productions of the art. We saw some magnificent specimens in those passe partouts frames which those gentlemen have recently imported. They are perfectly splendid and will no doubt be in demand by those who delight in the beautiful." Oregonian, 15-17 October 1866
"ARTISTIC BEAUTY - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First street, are embellishing the albums of the country with the most BEAUTIFUL PICTURES, while the parlor and drawing-room walls of our citizens are adorned with the most elegant specimens of the photographic art - from this GALLERY. The advantage of having work done at a FIRST CLASS GALLERY like the above is hardly necessary now to urge." Oregonian, 18-20 October 1866
"PICTURES AT THE FAIR - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First street, sent no PICTURES to the State Fair this year. Those we saw there are not equal to those beautiful SUN PEARLS, PEARL AMBROTYPES, etc., which are daily produced at this GALLERY. As these gentlemen did not contend for a premium, the fact of anyone getting it will have no weight as to superiority. The public seem (sic) to be satisfied where to obtain the best. Pictures taken equally well under a cloudy or clear day." Oregonian, 23-24 October 1866
"WONDERS OF ART - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, have produced lately some of the MOST BEAUTIFUL SPECIMENS of the PHOTOGRAPHIC ART. Even those who have seen the finest productions in other parts of the world, give way to expressions of delight while viewing the pictures from this gallery. This establishment stands without a rival." Oregonian, 26-29 October 1866
"ARTEMUS WARD - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, have just learned that the old joker is now in London, contributing articles to Punch and being lionized generally. It is presumed that in his wanderings he does not forget the fact that the gentlemen whose names commence this paragraph still furnish the public with the most beautiful SUN PEARLS, and all other kinds of PICTURES." Oregonian, 26-29 October 1866
"LOVELY PEARLS - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, Have recently added some beautiful SUN PEARLS to their collection, and continue as usual to lead all others for fine PHOTOGRAPHS, ALBUM PICTURES, CARTES DE VISITE, MELAINOTYPES, etc. The excellence of the work done at this GALLERY receives the daily approbation of the public. The weather makes no difference in taking a picture." Oregonian, 1-3 November 1866
"NO CARDS - When those words are added to a marriage notice, they must not be understood as meaning that the happy couple have not visited the PICTURE GALLERY of ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, and obtained a dozen of those SPLENDID CARD PICTURES, for which these gentlemen are so justly celebrated. Children should be brought in the forenoon." Oregonian, 4-7 November 1866
"NICE - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, notwithstanding the sifting rain, continue to exercise those magnificent PHOTOGRAPHIC PICTURES, which excel all others for beauty and durability. Chemistry has demonstrated the fact, and the proprietors of this establishment possess the secret, that pictures can be taken just as well whether it rains or shines. The public will please bear this in mind." Oregonian, 8-10 November 1866
"WHERE SHALL WE GO FOR PICTURES? TO ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, of course. It is the only place where you are sure of being pleased. Everything emanating from this Gallery possesses the peculiar charm of attracting the attention of the most unsophisticated observer. All classes of the community visit this institution daily. SUN PEARLS, ALBUM CARDS, MELAINOTYPES, and every other style executed in the most superior manner." Oregonian, 12-14 November 1866
"GET THE BEST - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, furnish the very best PHOTOGRAPHS, SUN PEARLS, and every other kind of PICTURE known to the art. It is believed that the ancient Druids understood something of fine arts, but it has remained for this establishment to show its real beauties in fixing the features of the human face. It is not necessary to wait for a clear day." Oregonian, 15-17 November 1866
"THE GALAXY - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, have the largest collection of notable pictures in Oregon. This firm are executing, daily, those exquisite SUN PEARLS, splendid CARTES DE VISITE, or ALBUM PICTURES, etc., etc. At this GALLERY may be seen some of the restored artistic beauty found in the ruined palaces of the Incas." Oregonian, 19-21 November 1866
"TUSCAN-SHADED. ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street, produce the most elegant PICTURES of the present day. The camera obscura at this GALLERY is the 'glass of fashion', and truly reveals the 'mould of form'. Some of the specimens we saw here lately look as though they were continuously fanned by a passing nephyr. We don't know how it is but these gentlemen understand the art of 'superb finishing'. Negatives taken in all kinds of weather." Oregonian, 23-24 November 1866
"FOAM OF THE SEA - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 Front Street (Post Office block) are stunning the public gaze with those BEAUTIFUL PICTURES taken during the past rainy week. This is the only establishment where all specimens of the PHOTOGRAPHIC ART are produced equally well in any kind of weather. CARTES DE VISITE, AMBROTYPES, MELAINOTYPES, etc., furnished as usual to the patrons of this gallery." Oregonian, 26-28 November 1866
"THE SPHINX - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 First Street (Post Office block) have just received information that by an imperial order, artists are engaged in taking photographic views of the Egyptian Sphinx, the Pyramids, and other relics of antiquity. Of course the firm are not geographically situated to obtain views of existing monuments of that wonderful people who flourished three thousand years before the Christian era, but they are fully able to execute the most BEAUTIFUL PICTURES of the human face and form. SUN PEARLS, CARDS, and all other styles taken in any kind of weather." Oregonian, 1 December 1866
"PHOTOGRAPHIC NEWS - To get the best, go to ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL'S GALLERY (Post Office block) 89 First Street, they furnish the most elegant SUN PEARL, the most superb CARTE DE VISITE, the finest large PHOTOGRAPH, the brightest MELAINOTYPE, AMBROTYPE, or any other style known to the art. Work from this establishment holds rank with that of any other on the continent. Negatives taken during any kind of weather. Children should be brought in the forenoon." Oregonian, 3-5 December 1866
"WHAT STYLE OF PICTURE - By going to ELLSWORTH 7 CARDWELL'S GALLERY, 89 First Street (Post office block) you can easily decide the above query. Modern Photography has taken immense strides since the time of the immortal Daguerre. At this Establishment are produced, and may be seen, the most valuable improvements of the Photographic art. PICTURES from this GALLERY are beyond all question the finest ever taken on this portion of the Pacific slope, Negatives made in any kind of weather." Oregonian, 7-8 December 1866
"MOONOTYPES - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL (Post Office block) 89 First Street, are informed that Prof. Draper, of New York, has again succeeded in obtaining another photograph of the moon. This remarkable occurrence exhibit -on of the wonders of the art. While the most scientific men of the age are engaged in great photographic experiments, the above gentlemen continue in the front rank as PICTURE takers. Evidence of this can be seen at all hours, at their GALLERY." Oregonian, 10-12 December 1866
"HOLIDAYS - ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL 89 First Street (Post Office block) are executing some BEAUTIFUL PICTURES for the coming Holidays. As this firm have several engagements now, it would be well for those wishing SUN PEARLS, CARTES DE VISITE, etc., to call at once and have their orders filled. Children should be brought in before 12 o'clock. Negatives taken in all kinds of weather." Oregonian, 13-14 December 1866
"PICTURE NOTICE - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 Front street (Post office block) would notify those wanting pictures that unless they call at their PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY before the first of January, it is not likely they will again have the opportunity for first-class work in this city. A word to the wise is sufficient. SUN PEARLS, ALBUM CARDS, and other styles executed in same superior manner as heretofore." Oregonian, 17-19 December 1866
"TIS WELL - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 Front street (Post office block) would again call attention to the fact, that unless those persons wanting PICTURES call at their GALLERY before January 1st, they will be sure to regret it. The distinguished operator of this establishment leaves this city after New Year's Day, and all those who desire SUN PEARLS, CARTES DE VISITE, AMBROTYPES, etc., in the very first style of the art should go at once. Negatives taken in all kinds of weather." Oregonian, 20-22 December 1866
"MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 Front street (Post office block) would call attention to the fact that it is customary to present those you call on New Year's Day with your PICTURE. Now those who are not supplied with CARTES DE VISITE, AMBROTYPES, SUN PEARLS, and other specimens of PHOTOGRAPHIC ART would do well to CALL AT THEIR GALLERY at once. Negatives taken in all kinds of weather." Oregonian, 24 December 1866 - 1 January 1867
1867: Buchtel announces he is proprietor of the old Buchtel & Cardwell gallery. See Buchtel for text of this announcement. Oregonian, 21 January 1867.
1870: "Revenue Divisons. - ... the division of this Internal Revenue District, with the names and address of the Assistant Assessors and number of the division... 4. B. P. Cardwell, Dalles - Baker, Grant, Union, Umatilla, and Wasco <counties>." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 26 November 1870 pg. 2, col. 6.
1886: "THE MECHANICS FAIR...(judges include B. P. Cardwell and J. R. Cardwell)" Oregonian, 17 October 1886, pg. 5, col. 3.
1887: "Personnel of the Pioneers (pioneers reunion in Portland)... 1852...Dr. J. R. Cardwell, Portland - Illinois,...B. P. Cardwell, Portland - Illinois..." Oregonian, 16 June 1887 pg. 3, col. 4.
1890: report of complex legal case involving how Police Commissioners are elected ... "That the said B. P. Cardwell was elected as one of said police commissioners under said section seventy-two, on the third Monday in June, 1887, and was duly commissioned as such police commissioner for the term of three years from the first Monday in July, 1887. ..." Oregonian, 26 August 1890, pg. 5, col. 3
1897: list of Oregon pioneers in attendance at reunion and parade in Portland, "1852 (year of arrival in Oregon)...B. P. Cardwell..." Weekly Oregonian, 18 June, 1897, pg. 4, col. 5
1903: "B. P. CARDWELL, OF CITY COUNCIL, DEAD. COUNCILMAN B. P. CARDWELL died at his home, 395 Fourth street, at 1:15 o'clock this afternoon. He has been ill for some time with a complaint of the liver.
B. P. Cardwell was born in Springfield, Ill., in 1832. He came of old Virginian stock and was a blood relative of Gen. Robert E. Lee. He crossed the plains in 1852 over the old government trail, and located at Marysville, now Corvallis, which at that time was the head of navigation on the Willamette river. He started a pack train to the mines of Southern Oregon. After four years he sold out this business and took up a homestead on what is now known as Cardwell hills. He was an extensive raiser of stock for several years and came to Portland in '58, and went into the photographing business with Joseph Buchtel.
In 1861 he was appointed by President Lincoln to be collector of internal revenue for the district of Oregon. This position he held for 21 years, when he resigned in '72, and was appointed a police commissioner by Governor Moody. In the early eighties he served a term in the Oregon legislature. He has always been a staunch Republican and been identified with public life.
Two years ago he was elected councilman-at-large. He leaves a widow whom he married in 1856, when she was Miss Clark, an Indian missionary. His brothers are Dr. J. B. Cardwell, a dentist; Charles Cardwell, a farmer, living south of the city, and R. H. Cardwell, a business man of San Francisco. His only child is Dr. H. W. Cardwell, in the Abington block." Oregon Journal, 26 November 1903, pg. 2, col. 1.
1903: "BYRON P. CARDWELL DIES. PROMINENT PIONEER AND COUNCILMAN PASSES AWAY. Held Office as Deputy Collector Internal Revenue, Police Commissioner and Representative. Byron Perrin Cardwell, an Oregon pioneer of 1852, and one of Portland's most widely known citizens, died at his home at 395 Fourth street, at 1:15 o'clock yesterday afternoon. In August he was stricken with heart trouble, which resulted in his death.
Byron Perrin Cardwell was born in Springfield, Ill., March 3, 1832. He was the son of William Lee and Mary Ann Biddle Cardwell, both of Virginia.
At the age of 20 he accompanied his parents to Oregon, driving his own ox-team across the plains, and arriving at Marysville, now known as Corvallis, on October 8, 1852. The family took up donation land claims on what is now called Cardwell Hill, and Byron Cardwell raised blooded horses and cattle in partnership with his uncle, the late Hamilton Campbell.
With the late W. B. Carter he drove a large pack string of mules between Corvallis, Yreka, Cal., and Jacksonville, Or., for several years. In 1856 he married to Miss Abbie M. Clarke. In 1858 he moved to Portland and formed a partnership with Joseph Buchtel in the photograph business, which continued until he was appointed a Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue by President Lincoln about 1861.
He remained in this position until removed by President Cleveland under the celebrated 'offensive partisanship' order, after having served 21 years. During much of this time transportation facilities were nil, and he traveled over the state of Oregon from border to border on horseback, collecting taxes in gold dust and carrying it in saddle bags until some Wells-Fargo office was reached. He was a man of fine physique, a strong and daring rider, a splendid pistol shot, and reported to be absolutely devoid of fear.
It was his boast that he never lost a cent of Government money, but he had many exciting adventures with highwaymen, who thought Uncle Sam's money fair prey.
Since 1895 he has devoted himself to private investments. He was a life-long Republican, and an earnest worker for the party's success.
During Governor Moody's administration he was appointed Police Commissioner for Portland, and by successive re-elections by the people remained as such for nine years. In 1894 he was elected a member of the State Legislature. At the last election he was compelled by a committee of citizens to accept the seat in the City Council for the Fifth Ward.
His religion was the golden rule, and it is doubtful if he had a personal enemy on earth. He was a man of the strictest business integrity, and his 'word was as good as his bond.'
He is survived by his wife and his son, Dr. Herbert W.; by three brothers, Dr. James R. and Charles H. of this city and Richard H. Cardwell of San Francisco, and by two sisters, Ms. Olena M. Murray and Mrs. Martha A. Dalton. The late Dr. William B. Cardwell and the late Mrs. George E. Cole were his brother and sister. A daughter, Alice, died in 1863." Oregonian, 27 November 1903, pg. 10, col. 3. includes portrait.
1903: "FATTY DEGENERATION KILLED B. P. CARDWELL. A post-mortem was held on the body of B. P. Cardwell this forenoon by Drs. Wilson, Glesy and Chalmers, which showed the cause of death to have been fatty degeneration of the heart and gravel in the gall-bladder. The funeral will take place at 1:30 p. m. Sunday from the <illegible word>, 394 Fourth street. Interment is at Lone Fir cemetery. Mayor Williams today appointed the following active pall bearers from the various city departments for the funeral of Councilman B. P. Cardwell: From the city council Councilmen Rumlin, Bentley, Albee and Sigler. From the executive board- W. Fleidner and Sig Sichel. Treasurer J. E. Weriein and City Auditor T. C. Devlin. The obsequies will be held from the family residence 395 Fourth street, on Sunday afternoon at 1:30 o'clock. The city officials will attend as a body." Oregon Journal, 27 November 1903, pg. 7, col. 2.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 4, 5, 19, 20, 52, 53, 55, 85, 91-93.
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 584-585 "B. P. Cardwell is an Oregon pioneer of 1852, who, during the administration of Abraham Lincoln in 1864, became connected with the Internal Revenue Department of Oregon, and for twenty-one consecutive years performed prompt and faithful service to his State and country. He was born upon the farm near Springfield, Illinois, in 1832 ...(account of family ancestry, childhood, and overland emigration to Oregon)...
On his arrival our subject began work with his uncle, Hamilton Campbell, residing in Marion county, and a pioneer of 1839, who came to the State with Jason Lee, of missionary fame; with him our subject remained until 1853, then went to Corvallis, and with Samuel Alexander engaged in the mercantile business, which was continued about one year, when they sold out their stock, purchased a small pack train and began packing from Corvallis to Jacksonville and Yreka mines. Purchasing their own stock of flour, butter and miners’ supplies, and then selling to merchants or miners. This was carried on with profit for about eighteen months, when they sold the train to B. F. Dowell, who was fitting out an escort to protect the incoming immigrants from the Indians.
Mr. Cardwell then purchased a claim in connection with W. B. Carter of Benton county, a pioneer of 1852, and together they engaged in the stock business, which was followed until 1859, when subject sold his interest and stock and came to Portland, and the photographic firm of Buchtel & Cardwell was then organized, with galleries located at Salem, Corvallis, Astoria and the Dalles. They carried on a large and lucrative business for about five years, when Mr. Cardwell sold his interest and retired from the firm.
In September, 1864, Mr. Cardwell was appointed, under President Lincoln’s administration, Assistant Assessor and Deputy collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Oreton, and remained in that capacity until July, 1885, when, with the changed administration, resignations were in order and accepted. Mr. Cardwell then formed a partnership with B. E. Lippincott to engage in the real estate and custom-house brokerage business, which is still continued.
He was married in Benton county in 1856, to Miss Abbie M. Clark, daughter of William Clark, of South Hadley, Massachusetts, who emigrated to Oregon in 1852. Mr. and Mrs. Cardwell have one child, Herbert W., a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York city, and now a physician in the city of Portland.
Mr. Cardwell still resides in the old home, on the corner of Fourth and Harrison streets, which he established in 1860. For seven years he has been on the Board of Police Commissioners, first appointed by Governor Z. F. Moody, and subsequently elected by the Republican party. He was one of the incorporators and is president of Lone Fir Cemetery, also vice-president of Ancient Order Building Association, member of A. O. U. W., and stockholder and director of the Union Banking Company. He is actively interested in all enterprises which tend toward the growth and development of his State and city."
Park, Harriet Word, Marriage Records of Multnomah County, Oregon 1855-1873, Portland; Genealogical Forum 1973 pg. 40. Mr. Frank Dalton of Lewiston, W. T., and Mrs. Martha A. Barngert of Multnomah County, married 24 July 1866, at the house of Mrs. Cardwell by G. H. Atkinson, Minister of the Gospel; witnesses Byron Cardwell, S. M. Parish, and others. Page 46 in Marriage Records Book 1 Jan 1855 to Aug 1865 at Multnomah County Courthouse. <author's note- M. A. Dalton was the daughter of W. L. Cardwell, he was the brother of Byron P. and James R. Cardwell>
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 604-605 (Biography of J. R. Cardwell) "...Being a taxidermist and something of an ornithologist, he made the first collection of the birds and animals of the Willamette valley..."
Genealogical files in Oregon Historical Society.
Scrapbook of James R. Cardwell, Oregon Historical Society, Scrapbook No. 131.


Cardwell, R. H.
Chronology
1868 Portland
1876 Seattle WA
R. H. Cardwell was the brother of Byron P. Cardwell, and his uncle was daguerreotypist Hamilton Campbell.
After working in Portland, he moved to Seattle and operated a photograph gallery over the Seattle Market around 1876. He then moved to Astoria, and opened the Parker House Hotel with C. H. Perkins of Portland on 11 June 1877. By 1878 he was the City Clerk and Auditor of Astoria. He was supervisor of the 1880 Federal Census for the district comprising Astoria. B. P. Cardwell's 1903 obituary says R. H. Cardwell is in San Francisco.
Directory Listings
1864 PD pg. 39 "Cardwell, Richard clerk 94 Front"
1868 PD pg. 41 "Cardwell, Richard H., photographer, res cor Pine and Second.", "Cardwell, Mrs. W. L., res cor Pine and Second"
1878 Pacific pg. 872 Astoria "Cardwell & Perkins, Parker House"
News Items and Advertisements
1877: "Hotel Keeping. Mr. R. H. Cardwell, in company with C. H. Perkins, of Portland, will open the Parker House in Astoria on Monday, June 11th." The Daily Pacific Tribune, (Seattle) 9 June 1877, pg. 3 col. 3. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1878: "Heard From - R. H. Cardwell, who kept a photograph gallery over the Seattle Market about two years ago, is City Clerk and Auditor of Astoria" Daily Intelligencer (Seattle) 13 Feb 1878 pg. 3 col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1880: "Census returns of Clatsop County...obtained from the Astorian...R. H. Cardwell's district, comprising the city of Astoria, exclusive of Chinese, has a population of 2753..." Oregonian 14 July 1880 pg. 1 col. 7
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 55


Carey, Zook Angus
Chronology
1910-1917 Portland
Please note photographer changed his name
Directory Listings
1907 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 1219 "Zook, Carey A photgr 501 Beck Bldg h 481 Washington"
1913 PCD pg. 1576 "Zook, Carey A photgr 525 Beck Bldg h 481 Washington"
1912 not listed
1913 PCD pg. 1602 Photographers "Zook, C A 525 Beck Bldg" (not in city directory)
1914 PCD pg. 376 "Carey, Z Angus photgr 525 Beck Bldg r 481 Wash"
1915 PCD pg. 285 "Carey, Z Angus photgr 525 Beck Bldg h 481 Wash"
1916 PCD pg. 287 "Carey, Z Angus photgr 525 Beck Bldg r 481 Wash"
1917 PCD pg. 240 "Carey, Z Angus photgr 525 Beck Bldg r 481 Wash"


Carr, Clarence
Chronology
1903 Milton
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 257 Milton "Carr, Clarence photographer"


Carruthers, Grace
Carruthers, Zoe
Chronology
1889 Astoria
Directory Listings
1889 POWI Astoria pg. 146 "Carruthers, G & Z (Grace and Zoe) photographers"
1893 Dellinger's Astoria Directory pg. 36 "Carruthers, Miss Grace, res 638 Cedar"
Photographer's Imprints
"G. & Z. Carruthers, Astoria, Or." printed front cabinet card


Carstens, E.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Carstens, E..."


Carter, Herbert S.
Trover-Carter Studio
Carter's Portrait Studio
Chronology
1911 Astoria
1910-1916 Salem
Directory Listings
1910 Or pg. 292 Salem Photographers "Trver-Carter (sic) Studio, 442 State St."
1911 POW pg. 64 Astoria "Carter, H S photographer"
1911 Salem pg. 75 "Carter, Herbert S. (Trover-Carter Studio) res 687 Marion"
1913 Salem pg. 68 "Carter, Herbert S., (Ruth F) photgr, res ss D 1 e Park av"
Mautz Oregon "Carter, J. L., Salem", "Carter's Portrait Studio, 1900, Astoria"
Photographer's Imprints
"Carter, Salem Ore" printed inside of print folder.
News Items and Advertisements
1908: "Eighth Annual Convention of the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest... was called to order Tuesday, April 18th, at 2 p. m. ... The awards were made as follows: ... Salon awards <to> Herbert C. Carter, of Astoria..." Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 10, October, 1908. pg. 377-384
1908: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Best located studio in city of 20,000, cheap. Everything new, and doing good business. Must be sold at once. H. S. Carter, Astoria, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 12, December 1908.
1917: "H. S. Carter of Salem is again in San Francisco after spending six months in Pomona." Camera Craft, Vol. XXIV No. 7, July 1917, pg. 309.


Castleman, Phillip F. (1827-1913)
Chronology
1853-1878 itinerant, including Oregon.
1865 Walla Walla WA
Castleman in the later part of his career as photographer (1865-1875) specialized in producing birds-eye-view lithographs of cities. The views we can prove were made by Castleman were drawn by Grafton T. Brown of San Francisco, and printed by Charles C. Kuchel, or Kuchel & Dressel, for whom Brown regularly made drawings. We have no information as to the mechanics of Castleman's relationship with them, other than a contemporary newspaper report that Castleman was 'connected' with a lithographic house in San Francisco. Grafton T. Brown (1841-1918) is notable as being the only known Afro-American view artist. His produced some of the best and most interesting views of the last century. Later, Brown lived in Portland ca. 1883- ca. 1890, and it is interesting to note Philip Castleman had relocated to Portland permanently by then.
In 1853, Castleman sailed back to Kentucky from Eugene. During this visit he went to New York and learned daguerreotyping. He purchased daguerreotype equipment and sailed back to Southern Oregon. In 1854 he established the first daguerreotype studio in Eugene.
In 1855, while living in Eugene, he soldiered in the Indian Wars and was badly injured, resulting in partial paralysis. He remained in the Eugene area until 1862, operating pack trains and a livery business. During the period 1862-1867 his official biography indicates he operated a photograph studio in Walla Walla, Washington, except for a brief business venture in Boise Idaho.
Castleman is recorded as soliciting sales for lithographic bird's-eye views in Washington in 1865, and Idaho in 1866. In 1867 he went East for a visit. Upon his return to Oregon in 1868 he lived in Eugene for one year. He organized a bird's-eye view of Eugene in 1869, one in Portland in 1869, and a separate one of Portland in 1870. He moved to Tillamook in late 1870. In 1871 he moved to a farm in Yamhill county for the next 8 years. The location of the farm is in Newellsville (the new name of Champoeg). In 1878 he relocated to Portland, operating The William Radam Microbe Killer Company. He was a vice commander of the Indian War Veteran Association in 1897.
In 1903 he moved to Berkeley, California where he died on March 24, 1913.
According to notes by Glenn Mason, Castleman is probably buried in the Masonic Cemetery in Eugene. The family headstone has the Masonic emblem and a name plate for Castleman's wife, however the other nameplates are missing.
Artifacts
There are no known original photographs that can be attributed to Castleman.
Listing of Birds- Eye Views attributed to Castleman
1865 Walla Walla, WA
1866 Boise, ID
1866 Silver City, ID
1869 Portland
1870 Portland
1870 Eugene
1870 Astoria
Directory Listings
1865 East Cascades Directory pg. 129 Walla Walla W. T. "Castleman, P. F., photographer, Main <street>", pg. 136 business directory "Castleman, P. F., Main"
1880 PD pg. 89 "Castleman, P. F., teamster, res 68 Oak"
1881 PD pg. 94 "Castleman, P. F., veterinary surgeon, res 68 Oak near Fourth"
1882 PD pg. 124 "Castleman, P. F., veterinary surgeon, res 112 Seventh e s bet Washington and Alder."
1883 PD pg. 100 "Castleman, veterinary surgeon, res 112 Seventh"
1884 GD pg. 103 "Castleman, P. F., res 190 Ninth"
1885 PCD pg. 145 "Castleman, Philip F., hop grower, res 115 College"
1886 PCD pg. 155 "Castleman, Philip F., hop grower, res 115 College"
1887 PCD pg. 163 "Castleman, Philip F, res 367 6th"
1888 PCD pg. 186 "Castleman, Philip F, res 367 6th"
1889 PCD pg. 188 "Castleman, Philip F, agt 228 Stark"
1890 PCD pg. 181 "Castleman, Philip F, agt 228 Stark"
1891 PCD not listed
1892 PCD pg. 317 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 351 Morrison res same", pg. 794 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, agt, 351 Morrison"
1893 PCD pg. 300 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison res Lewis Bldg", pg. 794 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, agt, 360 Morrison"
1894 PCD pg. 244 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison res same", pg. 644 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, agt, 360 Morrison"
1895 PCD pg. 217 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison rms Lewis bldg", pg. 591 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman mngr, 360 Morrison"
1896 PCD pg. 207 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison rms Lewis bldg", pg. 527 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman Mngr, 360 Morrison"
1897 PCD pg. 203 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison res 350 1/2 same", pg. 520 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman mngr, 360 Morrison"
1898 PCD pg. 206 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison res same", pg. 536 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman mngr, 360 Morrison"
1899 PCD pg. 213 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer Co 360 Morrison res same", pg. 565 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., Philip F Castleman mngr, 360 Morrison"
1900 PCD pg. 220 "Castleman, Philip F, agt Radam's Microbe Killer 360 Morrison res same", pg. 595 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co, Philip F Castleman mngr, 360 Morrison"
1901 PCD pg. 197 "Castleman, Philip F., mngr Radam's Microbe Killer Co. 392 Morrison, res same"; "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, Mngr, 392 Morrison"
1902 PCD pg. 245 "Castleman, Philip F., mngr Radam's Microbe Killer Co. 392 Morrison, res same"; pg. 740 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, Mngr, 392 Morrison, Tel Clay 711"
1903 PCD pg. 245 "Castleman, Philip F., mngr Radam's Microbe Killer Co. 392 Morrison, res same"; pg. 670 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co., P F Castleman, Mngr, 392 Morrison, Tel Hood 1922"
1904 PCD pg. 272 "Castleman, Philip F., mngr Radam's Microbe Killer Co. res 411 Morrison", pg. 771 "Radam's Microbe Killer Co, Philip F. Castleman mngr, 411 Morrison"
Mautz Oregon "Castleman, Philip F., 1855-1865, Eugene"
News Items and Advertisements
1852: P. F. Castleman signs letter to the editor vouching for character of Lemuel Bills. Oregon Spectator, 3 February 1852, pg. 1, col. 4.
1865: "Mr. P. F. Castleman is engaged in taking photographic views of the city and of the principal business houses, with a view of sending them to San Francisco and having them lithographed. The design is to have a view of the city printed on the center of a card 24 x 32 inches, with a view of the garrison, one or two farms near the city, and the principal business houses in the city in the margin. It is being gotten up by subscription, those who have their places of business or residences printed paying a stipulated sum for the same." Walla Walla Statesman, 5 May 1865, pg. 3, col. 1 quoted in Reps, John W., Views & Viewmakers of Urban America, Columbia; University of Missouri Press, 1984. pg. 53. This view was printed by Grafton T. Brown and is illustrated in the above book as plate 66.
1866: "Hotel Arrivals...Wednesday, April 11, Lincoln House...P. F. Castlemond (sic)..." The Daily Herald, (Portland) 12 April 1866 pg. 3, col. 3.
1851: "List of letters remaining in the Post Office at Oregon City on the 30th day of June, 1851. ... Castleman, P. F. ..." Oregon Statesman (Oregon City) 4 July - 16 September 1851. (probably more than one letter) (not in following issue)
1866: "Mr. P. F. Castleman, an old acquaintance who has been engaged in the Photograph business for ten years, has made arrangements with Messrs. Misener & Lamkin of our city, to arrange and publish a Lithographic view of Boise City. Mr Castleman is connected with a Lithographic company in San Francisco, and has a number of specimens of work, which when once seen will recommend Mr. Castleman to the kind consideration of our citizens." Idaho Tri-Weekly Statesman, (Boise City) 4 August 1866 pg. 2 col. 4 quoted by Arthur A. Hart, Camera Eye on Idaho (Caldwell, Caxton, 1990) pg. 30-31.
1869: "Lithograph - Mr. P. F. Castleman has been canvassing the business part of town for subscribers to a lithographic picture of Eugene City. Mr. S. proposes to place the business card of those who subscribe to the lithograph on the margin of the picture and furnish them with two or three pictures." Eugene City Guard, 6 February 1869.
1869: "Our fellow townsman, P. F. Castleman, Esq., will start in a few days on a tour through Oregon to instruct in his method of training and managing horses. He has prepared and had printed, a book containing full directions, which, together with the instruction he will give, cannot fail to be understood by all taking any interest in this subject." Oregon State Journal 6 March 1869 (cited by Belknap)
1869: "For the information of those who do not know what can be done in the way of book printing here, we would state that we have in our collection of printing done at this office, a book of nearly one hundred and fifty pages, for P. F. Castleman, which is fully equal in quality of workmanship to books of the kind printed elsewhere. Those contemplating having printing done would do well to see if it could not be done as well at home as abroad." Oregon State Journal 13 March 1869 (cited by Belknap)
1869: "Mr. Castleman, who advertises to teach a new system of horse training, is in town. He will exhibit at Canyonville on Monday, in Looking-Glass on Thursday, and on the next Friday in Roseburg again, at which time horse raisers are intending to make an exhibition of their animals in this place." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 24 April 1869, pg. 2, col. 5.
1869: "Horse Training. - We attended Mr. Castleman's class in the science of horse-training, and are able to say that his system is a good one." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 1 May 1869, pg. 3, col. 1.
1870: "View of Portland, - Our fellow townsman, Mr. P. F. Castleman, is now in San Francisco making arrangements for the printing of a lithographic view of the city of Portland. Mr. Castleman got up a view of this city last summer which would have been highly creditable had the printing, done at San Francisco, been of a better quality. Mr. C. will get up a splendid lithograph of 'Portland-on-Wallamet." Oregon State Journal, 26 February 1870.
1870: "Returned- We were pleased to see the face of our friend and fellow townsman P. F. Castleman in our sanctum the other day. Mr. Castleman has been absent for some time on a trip to Portland and San Francisco. He is executing a lithographic view of Portland." Eugene City Guard, 12 March 1870.
1870: Castleman buys a half interest in a Driven Well patent from Underwood. Oregon State Journal, 21 May 1870
1870: "P. F. Castleman, an old resident of Eugene left here during the week with his family, intending to locate at Tillamook Bay" Oregon State Journal, 8 October 1870.
1871: "P. F. Castleman, Esq., of Tillamook, is in town." Oregon State Journal, 4 February 1871
1874: "Hotel Arrivals...Chemeketa (Hotel)...P F Castleman, Champoeg..." Salem Daily Record, 8 May 1874 pg. 3 col. 4
1875: "Hotel Arrivals...Commercial Hotel...P F Cartman (sic), Champoeg..." Salem Daily Record, 4 June 1875 pg. 3 col. 3.
1875: Willamette Farmer (Salem) listed as their local agent in Newellsville in every issue from 12 Nov. 1875 - 5 May 1876 (other issues not checked)
1876: "P. F. Castleman, Esq., was in town during the early part of the week." Eugene City Guard, (Eugene) 16 April 1876
1888: Minutes of meeting of Indian War Veterans reported, Castleman introduces motions and is appointed to a committee to compile information pertaining to the Indian War and prepare it for publication as a history book. Oregonian, 27 February 1888, pg. 4, col. 2.
1888: "THE WAR OF '55, An Interesting Chapter of Early Day Oregon History (eyewitness history article, very long, excerpts only quoted here, probably co-authored by Castleman) ...At Eugene, McCarver found a young man named P. F. Castleman, known to be active and energetic, who was stopping there a few days waiting for something to turn up. The quarter-master found his man, and found him 'willing,' then he said; 'Have you got a good a good horse?' ... <long description of Castleman's horse follows, then the adventure of a 90 mile in 21 hour ride behind Indian lines to seek reinforcements for the surrounded army troops at Roseburg. This event occurred in early October 1855.>" Sunday Oregonian, 4 March 1888, pg. 1. col. 5-6.
1897: list of Oregon pioneers in attendance at reunion and parade in Portland, "1849...P. F. Castleman..." Weekly Oregonian 18 June, 1897, pg. 4, col. 5
1897: list of officers at annual meeting of Indian War Veterans, "P. T (sic). Castleman, senior vice-commander" (he was replaced at this time) Weekly Oregonian, 18 June, 1897, pg. 7, col. 3
1902: "WISE PEOPLE stick to the old reliable RADAM'S MICROBE KILLER. It has stood the test of 13 years, If you are sick in any way, microbes are the cause. Spring especially is the dangerous time for sickness. Take Radam's Microbe Killer. 'Take it Now'. 392 Morrison St." Oregon Journal, 11 March 1902 (first insertion)
1913: "PHILIP CASTLEMAN, '49ER, DIES AT 86- Native of Kentucky Operated First Sawmill in Eugene District - Eugene, Or., March 29, - The body of Philip F. Castleman, one of the earliest and best known pioneers of Oregon, arrived in Eugene this morning from San Francisco for interment. He died in that city Wednesday, aged 86 years.
Mr. Castleman was one of the most noted characters of the early days in Oregon. He was a Kentuckian, having been born in Hodginsville, in the Blue Grass state, May 17, 1827. He crossed the plains to California in 1849 and was engaged in gold mining and other enterprises for two years, when he left California and came to where Eugene is now located. When the first houses of the town were built he started the first sawmill in this part of the state. It was a small affair, supposedly run by horsepower, but really by oxpower. Later he established a waterpower mill on Bear creek and helped manufacture the lumber from which were built many of the early homes of this part of the state. Ever a restless and energetic spirit, he returned to the east by way of the Nicaragua route, but a short time later he returned to Eugene. On the site now occupied by the Hulin block, Mr. Castleman established the first photograph gallery in this city.
When the news of the Indian war and massacre was received here from the Rogue River valley in 1855, Mr. Castleman forsook the camera for the musket. When General McCarver arrived in Eugene at the head of a body of troops, the soldiers were short of ammunition and it was necessary to send a messenger through the enemy's lines to the base of supplies, 90 miles away, to hurry reinforcements and supplies. The task went to Mr. Castleman at his earnest request and he carried out his mission with dispatch.
After the Indian war Mr. Castleman went to Walla Walla, Wash., and Boise, Idaho, but again returned to Eugene. In 1878 he closed the last period of his residence here and finally settled in San Francisco." Oregon Journal, (Portland) 29 March, 1913, pg. 14.
1913: "BURIAL OF PIONEER TODAY. Body of Early Eugene Sawmill Man Brought From California. EUGENE, Or., March 29- (Special) - Funeral services will be held here tomorrow for P. F. Castleman, a Eugene pioneer, who died Thursday at the home of his daughter in San Francisco. Mr. Castleman built the first sawmill in Eugene, operating it with horse and oxen power. He was also the first commercial photographer in Eugene and at one time was a considerable property holder here. Early in the 60s he moved to Champoeg and later to Portland, where he resided until the death of his wife. Of late years he has been making his home with his daughters in California. He leaves a son and two daughters." Oregonian, 30 March 1913 pg. 8, col. 5
1913: "OREGON PIONEER, WHO DIED IN CALIFORNIA, WAS BORN IN KENTUCKY. Philip F. Castleman, an Oregon pioneer, who died in at Berkeley, Cal., March 24, was born near Hodginsville, Ky., May 17, 1827, and his ancestors had a part in the Revolutionary War. On May 3, 1949 he joined a company of 18 in Hart County, Kentucky, and started to California, arriving at Sacramento in November, and soon after began mining on Bidwell's Bar, but finding that he could do better by getting employment in Sacramento, he left the mines and went into the employ of a baker at a salary of $250 a month. In 1851 he left California for Oregon and settled near Eugene and erected a sawmill, the first south of Salem. In 1855-56 he was a volunteer in the Rogue River Indian war and rendered most effective service until he was wounded. After recovering he engaged in business in Eugene, Walla Walla and points in Idaho for a number of years. In 1878 he became a resident of Portland, remaining until 1903, when he removed to Berkeley. Mr. Castleman was married to Mrs. Ianthe J. Evans in 1856. Three children survive, Mrs. Euretta F. Campbell, the widow of the late Judge J. A. Campbell, of Berkeley, Cal.; Mrs. Anna B. Games and William R. Castleman, now residents of Portland. He was buried on March 28 at Roseburg." Oregonian, 2 April 1913, pg. 12.
Bibliography
Castleman, P. F., A New and Improved Mode of Training Horses, Portland, A. G. Walling, 1869, this 131 page book is described by Belknap, George N., Oregon Imprints 1845-1870, Eugene; University of Oregon Books, 1968., pg. 248, also quotes other interesting information about Castleman. Castleman's book went through at least 3 editions. No copies are known of the first edition. further comment in Belknap, George N., More Addenda to Belknap, Oregon Imprints, PBSA, LXVI (1972), pg. 207-208, item No. 1266.
Castleman, P. F., Diary, in collection of Yale University (although not listed in Yale Western Americana Collection manuscript catalog) (courtesy Peter Palmquist, item noted by George N. Belknap in correspondence to Glenn Mason)
Castleman, P. F., letter to B. F. Dowell, sent from Walla Walla WA on 4 September 1865, concerns Castleman's photography venture in Walla Walla. Dowell Letter Book No. 3, pg. 164. (courtesy Peter Palmquist, item noted by George N. Belknap in correspondence to Glenn Mason)
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 40-41.
Hart, Arthur A., Camera Eye on Idaho, (Caldwell; Caxton 1990) pg. 30-31, 191.
Reps, John W., Views & Viewmakers of Urban America, Columbia; University of Missouri Press, 1984. pg. 66-67 biographical material on Grafton T. Brown; pg. 53 mentions Walla Walla; pg. 459 mentions Astoria.
Oregon Native Son, Vol. 1, 1899, pg. 402-403: "Mr. Castleman was born on a farm near Hodginsville, Kentucky, May 17, 1827. Here he lived until he reached mans estate, assisting his parents, in the meantime getting a good education, gaining it principally by individual application to study. In those days the log school houses were far apart, the school terms short, and the instructors not very well educated, and to gain much knowledge one had to be self-taught. This he accomplished and began teaching himself, but soon after caught the gold fever, and with a company of eighteen others, started for California in 1849. Cholera began to make its appearance among the emigrations of this year, and its ravages dotted the wayside with new-made graves, seven of the nineteen of his party falling as its victims, and many others, including Mr. Castleman, being afflicted with it during the journey.
After arriving in California, he followed mining, building, hotel-keeping and other employ until 1851, when he removed to Oregon, settling near where Eugene now stands. Here he erected a sawmill, and through this became the pioneer lumberman of Southern Oregon. In 1853 he sold out and went to Rogue river, where he again interested himself in lumbering, building and operating, with Milton Lindley, the first sawmill constructed in that section. in 1853 he returned to the East, via the Nicaragua route, hoping to avoid a repetition of the sickness known on his journey across the plains, but he reckoned wrongly; he was sick all the while he was on the ocean's blue.
While East he learned Daguerreotyping and after purchasing an outfit, and visitation with his folks, he again left for Oregon, coming via Panama, and began picture taking, the first made in Southern Oregon and Northern California.
In 1855 he began a career of privation, hardship, and perilous in the extreme, an existence that only brave hearts volunteer to undergo, a duty that protects families, friends, and their best interests from an ambushed and savage assailant, a service performed that a negligent government has to its shame no recompense or recognition. While in Eugene the news came that the Indians of Southern Oregon had bean hostilities; he was among the first to go to the front and remain at his post until all danger was past. He was in many engagements, and in one of them badly wounded, a reminder that will not leave him while life lasts. He was shot through the side, the ball ranging his ribs and going out over the right hip, paralyzing his lower limbs. While he recovered, the effects remain to trouble and pain.
From the time of the closing of the war until 1862 he was engaged in various avocations in Southern Oregon, when he went east of the mountains, gravitation between location therein as packer, miner, photographer, and merchant until 1867. In that year he returned to Eugene, and from thence East on a visit. Again returning, he was in Eugene, and Tillamook and Yamhill counties until 1878 when he removed to Portland, residing there permanently ever since. He is at present the manager of the William Radam's Microbe Killer Company, and finds time well occupied in attending to the orders coming to him for that wonderful panacea for disease.
Mr. Castleman has contributed largely to the upbuilding of Oregon in various commendable enterprises, is public spirited, generous and enjoys the confidence of all who know him. He is prominent in the Indian War Veteran Association, having been Vice Commander thereof.
He was married in 1856 to Mrs. I. J. Evans, a pioneer of 1847, now deceased. Their union was blessed with five children, Euretta F., the wife of the late Judge J. A. Campbell, an Oregon boy who achieved fame as a justice of the San Francisco courts, Stephen F. and Mary E., deceased, Anna B., a talented lecturer, now the wife of W. H. Games, and William R." (courtesy Michael Cirelli) includes portrait of Castleman, by Burns, pg. 366
History of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon and Washington, Portland; North Pacific History Co. 1889. pg. 246-249. Long biography of Castleman. Summary of items about photography: In the fall of 1853 he left Eugene to visit his family home in Kentucky. He then went to New York and studied daguerreotyping. He purchased a camera and supplies and returned to Oregon by sea and Panama. Upon his arrival he began to make daguerreotypes. His photographic career was interrupted by the Indian wars in the fall of 1855. This biography gives an extended account of Castleman's war stories and his battles against "the howling savage, who thirsted for the white man's blood and was eager for his scalp." Castleman led a charge against the Siwash Indians at Olilla creek on the South Umpqua and was shot, becoming partially paralyzed. He was taken to the McCully's stockade and then to a hospital near Roseburg. After several months of recuperation, he was released.
He moved hogs and ox-teams through southern Oregon in 1856, and also sold his interest in the saw mill business he had near Eugene. In the winter of 1856-1857 he operated a pack train for produce from the Willamette valley to the southern Oregon mines. From the winter of 1857 until 1862 he owned a livery stable in Eugene. In 1862 he moved the livery to Walla Walla. After the move, in the summer of 1862, Castleman left the livery in the charge of his business partner and went to the Salmon river mines. In the fall of 1862 Castleman returned to Walla Walla and engaged in photography. The biography is not exactly clear, but it appears he had several other business trips and ventures between 1863 and 1865. In 1865 Castleman returned to Walla Walla to operate photography until 1867, when he moved back to Eugene. In late 1867 he returned back to the eastern U S, and while there bought a sawmill, which he soon sold and returned to Eugene. He then lived one year at Eugene, one year at Tillamook, and eight years on a farm in Yamhill county. In 1878 he sold the Yamhill farm and moved to Portland.


Catching, Sidney C.
Chronology
1900-1904 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 273 "Catching, Sidney C teller, Merchants Natl Bank, res 604 E Taylor"
Special Papers
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript, pay to "S. C. Catching. Photo Times, Camera Craft $3.50" noted 15 September 1902.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members ... Catching, S. E. (sic) ..."


Catterlin, Frances Judd
Catterlin & Hicks
Pickerill & Catterlin
Catterlin & Lussier
Chronology
1885-1893 Salem
Employee Listings
Cronise, Anna Louise, photographer 1892
Directory Listings
1886 Marion Cty pg. 53 Salem "Pickerell (sic)& Catterlin, photographers"
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 1075 Salem "Pickerill & Catterlin (Frank A. Pickerill and F. J. Catterlin) photographers"
1886 POWI pg. 383 Salem "Pickerill & Catterlin, (Frank A. Pickerill, F Judd Catterlin) photographers, cor. State and High."
1888 POWI pg. 477 Salem "Catterlin & Hicks (Francis J. Catterlin, Lute J. Hicks), photographers, 160 State"
1889 Salem pg. 43 "Catterlin, Francis J. (Catterlin & Lussier) res 347 Liberty", "Catterlin & Lussier F. J. Catterlin, Wm Lussier) Photographers, 160 State" plus display ad quoted below
1889 POWI pg. 451 Salem "Catterlin, Frances J photographer, 160 State"
1891 POWI pg. 551 Salem "Catterlin, Frances J, photographer, 160 State"
1893 Salem directories not listed
1893 - 1900 PCD not listed
1901 PCD pg. 197 "Catterlin, Francis J (Catterlin & Green), res 190 Park"; "Catterlin & Green (F J Catterlin, E G Green) gen agts Occidental Oil Co 2 Cham of Com"
1902 PCD pg. 251 "Catterlin, Francis J, broker 322 Cham of Com, res 135 10th"
1903 PCD pg. 245 "Catterlin, F Judson, mining broker 405 McKay Bldg, res 235 11th"
1904 PCD pg. 273 "Catterlin, F Judson, broker, res 235 11th"
1905 PCD pg. 286 "Catterlin, F Jud, Mining Broker, 319-321 Abington Bldg, Tel Main 2488, res 235 11th"
1906 PCD pg. 287 "Catterlin, Francis J, pres Catterlin-Donahue Inv Co, res 235 11th"; "Catterlin-Donahue Investment Co, Francis J Catterlin pres, 125 Abington bldg"
1907 PCD pg. 369 "Catterlin, F Jud (F J Catterlin & Co), res 235 11th"; "Catterlin, F J & Co (F Jud Catterlin), mining 125 Abington bldg"
1909 PCD pg. 384 "Catterlin, F Jud, Pres and Sec F J Catterlin & Co, res 762 Hancock, Tel East 823"; "Catterlin F J & Co (Inc), F J Catterlin Pres and Sec..."
1910 PCD pg. 267 "Catterlin, F Jud pres F J Catterlin & Co h 762 Hancock"; "Catterlin F J & Co, F J Catterlin Pres, Stocks and Bonds, 2 Lumbermens Bldg, Tel Main 2488, A 2488"
1911 PCD pg. 331 "Catterlin, F Jud pres F J Catterlin & Co h 762 Hancock"; "Catterlin, F J & Co, F J Catterlin pres, Stocks and Bonds 2 Lumbermens Bldg, Tel Main 2488, A 2488"
1915 PCD pg. 295 "Catterlin, Francis J (Eliz) investments 304 Oak, h 762 Hanock"
1925 PCD not listed
Mautz Oregon "Catterlin & Hicks, 1895, Eugene" "Catterlin, F. J., 1885, Salem & Eugene", "Pickerill, Frank A., & F. J. Catterlin, 1886, Salem"
Photographer's Imprints
"Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" printed front of cabinet card, FJC monogram.
"Catterlin & Lussier, Salem, Oregon" printed front cabinet card, ms date Feb 27, 1891
"Pickerill & Catterlin, Photographers, Salem, Oregon, negatives preserved" rubber stamped back cabinet card.
"F. J. Catterlin, Successor to Pickerill & Catterlin, Salem, Or." printed front cabinet card
"Cronise & Craven, successors to Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" CDV printed front (OHS CDV study collection)
"Catterlin & Hicks, Artists, Salem, Oregon" cabinet card printed front
OVERPRINT: "Cronsie, Successor to" overprinted on "Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" with F. J. C. monogram. printed front cabinet card
News Items and Advertisements
1876: "From Mr. Catterlin, brother of the photograph artist of this city, who arrived here yesterday from Tillamook, we have the following strange and horrible story..." (relates death-bed confession of a robber and murderer) The Weekly Mercury, (Salem) 26 May 1876 Pg. 4 col. 2 (this refers to F. J. Catterlin relating the story and W. H. Catterlin being the photographer)
1889: "Catterlin & Lussier. Do not wait for a Bright Day, but bring your children and have them Photographed. 160 State Street, cor High, Salem, Or."; pg. 45 "F. J. CATTERLIN, WM. LUSSIER, CATTERLIN & LUSSIER, The Leading Photographers Of Salem and Marion County. We have the very Latest Instruments and Processes for taking Instantaneous photographs. Special Attention Given to Large Work. Bring Your Babies. Prices Always Reasonable. 160 State Street, Salem, Oregon" Salem City and Marion County Directory 1889-1890, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1889
Bibliography
Seyl, Susan; The Art Perfected, Portraiture From The Cronise Studio, Portland; Oregon Historical Society 1980. pg. 7-8 "Around 1892, Cronise's sister, Anna Louise, moved from Ohio to Salem to be with her brother. She was introduced to the photography business, receiving her training in a well-known Salem photography studio founded by W. H. Catterlin and continued by Francis. J. 'Jud' Catterlin. Less than a year later Anna purchased this studio, located at the corner of State and High streets." (the author has asked Ms. Seyl about the statement that F. J. continued W. H. Catterlin's studio, and no information is available to substantiate the point. Additional research is needed since W. H. may have moved his photography equipment to Portland and F. J. may have obtained his independently. There may be a substantial period of time between the two events. It is established that F. J. learned photography from Johnson and Pikerill, not his brother.
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Francis Judd Catterlin was born in Iowa in 1864.
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March, 1948, pg. 44
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 558-559 "F. J. Catterlin, the leading representative in the photographic art at Salem, Oregon, is a native of the State of Iowa, born in Madison county, in 1864. His father, Solomon Catterlin, was a native of Indiana. In 1875 he emigrated with his family to Salem, Oregon, and is still a resident of that city, engaged in the real-estate business. In November, 1884, he began the study of photography with W. P. Johnson, and after three months opened a gallery, placing in charge a skilled professional from Minneapolis, Minnesota, from he learned the most approved methods of the art. After one year of instruction and practice he took the helm, and has steered his business prosperously and successfully. He does a large business in outdoor work, making a specialty of mountain scenery. His best efforts, however, find expression in portrait work which is finished in most perfect style, and in which he has won an excellent reputation.
Mr. Catterlin was united in marriage at Salem, in 1885, to Miss Lizzie Ryder, a native of Iowa; they are the parents of two children.
In the Methodist Episcopal Church our worthy subject has a membership, and he is also an officer of the society. He belongs to no secret orders. He has acquired a considerable amount of city and country property, but devotes his time and energies to the care of his business, which as come to be recognized as one of the leading industries of a progressive city." (The author suspects this biography as being less than the whole story. It does not mention W. H. Catterlin, nor that the Minneapolis photographer was a partnership - Pickerill & Catterlin. Catterlin & Hicks is also nowhere mentioned)


Catterlin, William H.
Catterlin & Rogers
Chronology
1872 itinerant Oregon?
1873-1876 Salem
1894-1911 Portland
Employee Listings
Milarch, Alfred E., photographer 1910
Directory Listings
1873 Or pg. 274 Salem "Catterlin, W H photographer"
1894 PCD pg. 166 "Catterlin, W H photographer 166 5th, res same"
1895 - 1897 PCD not listed
1898 PCD pg. 207 "Catterlin, W H photographer 166 5th, res same"
1899 EO & P not listed
1899 PCD pg. 214 "Catterlin, W H photographer, 89 1/2 4th, res same"
1900 PCD not listed
1901 PCD pg. 197 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog, 89 1/2 4th, res same"
1902 PCD pg. 251 "Catterlin, W H photog 89 1/2 4th, res same"
1903 PCD pg. 245 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog 89 1/2 4th, res same"
1904 PCD pg. 273 "Catterlin, Wm H. photgr 89 1/2 4th res same"
1905 PCD pg. 286 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog, 89 1/2 4th, res same"
1906 PCD pg. 287 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog 89 4th, rms same"
1907 PCD pg. 369 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog 89 4th, rms same"
1909 PCD pg. 384 "Catterlin, Wm H, photog 89 4th, res same"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Catterlin, W. H. 89 4th St."
1910 PCD pg. 267 "Catterlin, Wm H. photgr, 89 4th, res same"
1911 PCD pg. 331 "Catterlin, Wm H photgr 89 4th r same"
1912 PCD not listed
Mautz Oregon "Catterlin, W. H., 1875, Salem & Eugene"
Photographer's Imprints
"W. H. Catterlin, Artist, Oregon" CDV rubber stamp on back () (Brown reports one with ms date 1872.)
"Catterlin, 89 1/2 Fourth St., Portland Ore." cabinet card imprinted front.
"Copyright by Catterlin 89 1/2 4th" signed in negative on cabinet portrait.
News Items and Advertisements
1874: "The Photograph gallery on State street is now run by Catterlin and Rogers. The pictures they are turning out are neat and artistic." Salem Daily Record, 24 April 1874 pg. 3 col. 3 (note the previous day contains a notice that George Ellige is moving to Pendleton to open a photographic studio)
1876: "From Mr. Catterlin, brother of the photograph artist of this city, who arrived here yesterday from Tillamook, we have the following strange and horrible story..." (relates death-bed confession of a robber and murderer) The Weekly Mercury, (Salem) 26 May 1876 Pg. 4 col. 2. (this refers to F. J. Catterlin relating the story and W. H. Catterlin being the photographer)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Catterlin, W. H.---Portland, Ore..."


Cawthon, James B.
Cawthon & Warren
Chronology
Independence
1888-1889 Portland
1891-1895 Spokane WA
1898-1901 Palouse WA
1903 Everett WA
1905 Ballard WA
Walla Walla WA
1909-1915 Seattle WA
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 378 Portland "Cawthorn, James B., photographer, 143 1/2 6th."
1888 PCD pg. 187 "Cawthorn, James B, photographer 143 1/2 6th, res same"
1889 POWI pg. 128 Albina "Cawthon, James B., photographer"
1889 PCD pg. 715 Albina "Cawthorn, James B, photographer, res Stark n w cor Goldsmith"
1890 PCD not listed in Portland, Albina or Removals.
1890 Spokane Directory: J. B. Cawthon, 618 S. Post.
1891 POWI pg. 1076 Spokane WA "Cawthon, James B., photographer, 324 S. Monroe"
1892 Spokane Directory: J. B. Cawthon, 11 1/2 Monroe.
1893 Spokane Directory: not listed
1895 Spokane Directory: Cawthon & Read, 901 Monroe
1896 Spokane Directory: not listed
1901 POWA pg. 597 Palouse WA "Cawthon, J. B. photographer"
1903 POW pg. 558 Everett, WA "Cawthon, James B photographer 1412 1/2 Hewitt Av"
1905 POW pg. 600 Ballard, WA "Cawthon, James B photographer 133 1/2 Ballard"
1907 PCD pg. 370 "Cawthon, James B, photog J R Cawthon rms 1008 1/2 Belmont"
1909 Seattle City Directory "Cawthon, Jas. B., photogr. 1210 1/2 1st av. b. 210 21st av. N." also "Cawthon, Travis B., student, b. 210 21st av. N."
1909 PCD pg. 385 "Cawthon, James B, photog, res 1008 1/2 Belmont"
1910 Seattle City Directory "Cawthon, Jas. B., photogr. 1314 2nd av. h. 309 Etruria", also "Cawthon, James O., messenger, b. 3805 Whitman av."
1911 and 1912 Seattle City Directories "Cawthon, Jas. B., photogr, 1314 2nd av. h 226 Florentia. mngr Cawthon & Steward, photographers. 14 Starr-Boyd bldg.", also "Cawthon, James O. elec. r 226 Florentia" and "Cawthon, Vivian W. r. 226 Florentia."
1913 Seattle City Directory "Cawthon, Jas. B. (Nellie M.) photogr. 304 Maple Leaf pl. h. 2918 Mayfair av." also "Cawthon, James O., moving picture opr. r. r. 2918 Mayfair av."
1914 and 1915 Seattle City Directory "Cawthon, Jas. B. (Nellie M.) (Cawthon & Sons) h 2918 Mayfair av.", also "Cawthon James O. (Cawthon & Sons) r. 2918 Mayfair av.", also "Cawthon Vivian W. (Cawthon & Sons) r. 2918 Mayfair av.", also Cawthon & Sons (Jas. B., James O. and Vivian W.) mnfrs. moving pictures (moving picture machines and supplies)
1916- no further listings in Seattle City Directory
Mautz Oregon "Cawthon, J. B., 1885, Albina", Mautz Washington "Cawthon, J. B., Palouse 1895"
(Seattle listings courtesy of Michael Cirelli, Spokane listings courtesy of Robert King)
Photographer's Imprints
"Cawthon, Photo Artist, Independence, Oregon"
"Cawthon, Palouse Washington" cabinet card with ms date Sept. 1898
"Cawthon & Warren Photo Advertising Agents Portland" imprinted on front of card mount, view of Adams Brick Works in Hillsboro ca. 1885 (OHS)
"J. B. Cawthon Portrait and Landscape Photographer, Copying and Enlarging, Corner Goldsmith and Stark Sts., Albina, Oregon" rubber stamp on mount back, 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 print on 10x 8 mount, view of Mount Tabor Public School (OHS)
"Cawthon, 11 Monroe Street, Spokane, Wash."
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56


Cawthon, John R.
Cawthon, Ethel, Miss
Crow Photo
C C M Co.
Unique Portrait Co.
Chronology
1888-1889 Portland
1891-1892 Walla Walla WA
1894-1910 Portland
Employee Index
Cawthon, James B photographer 1907
Nemyre, Lena retoucher 1904
Directory Listings
1883 PD pg. 101 "Cawthorn, J. R., Teamster, O. T. Co., res Seventeenth bet T and U."
1884-1885 not listed
1888 PCD pg. 187 "Cawthorn, John R, photographer, res 140 Columbia"
1889 PCD pg. 189 "Cawthorn, John R, photographer, 143 1/2 6th, res same"
1889 POWI pg. 353 Portland "Cawthon, John R photographer 143 1/2 6th"
1891 POWI pg. 1206 Walla Walla WA "Cawthon, John R., photographer, 27 E Main"
1894 PCD pg. 245 "Cawthon, John R, photographer, 228 6th, rms 268 Front"
1895 PCD pg. 218 "Cawthon, John R, photographer, res Glencoe"
1896 PCD pg. 208 "Cawthon, John R, photographer, res Mt. Tabor."
1897 - 1899 PCD not listed
1899 EO & P Not listed
1900 PCD pg. 221 "Cawthon, John R, (C C M Co) 112 6th, res 498 Clay"; pg. 254 "C C M Co. (Samuel B Crow, John R. Carothon)(sic), photographers 112 6th"
1901 PCD pg. 198 "Cawthon, John R, photog, 225 Morrison, res 594 1/2 4th" (Crow photo not listed, Crow & Crow is the Crow brothers)
1901 POWA pg. 294 "Crow Photo Co, John R Cawthon mngr, photographers, 225 Morrison"
1902 PCD pg. 252 "Cawthon, John R, mngr Unique Portrait Co 225 Morrison, res 594 1/2 4th"; "Cawthon, Miss Ethel, opr, bds 94 1/2 4th"; pg. 888 "Unique Portrait Co, J R Cawthon mngr, 225 Morrison"
1903 PCD pg. 246 "Cawthon, John R, mngr Unique Portrait Co, res 549 1/2 4th"
1904 PCD pg. 274 "Cawthon, John R. mngr Unique Portrait Co., res 704 " (Grace and Ethel Cawthon at same address), pg.922 "Unique Portrait Co., John R. Cawthon mngr, 225 Morrison"
1905 PCD pg. 287 "Cawthon, John R, mngr Unique Portrait Co, res 704 Corbett"; pg. 1062 "Unique Portrait Co, John R Cawthon mngr, 225 Morrison"
1906 PCD pg. 288 "Cawthon, John R, mngr Unique Portrait Co., bds 704 Corbett "; pg. 1087 "Unique Portrait Co, John R. Cawthon mngr, 225 Morrison"
1907 PCD pg. 370 "Cawthon, John R, photog 245 1/2 Morrison, res 704 Corbett"
1909 PCD pg. 385 "Cawthon, John R, mngr Unique Portrait Co., res 704 Corbett"; pg. 1352 "Unique Portrait Co., John R. Cawthon mngr, 245 1/2 Morrison"
1910 Or. pg. 161 "Unique Portrait Co. 345 1/2 Morrison"
1910 PCD pg.268 "Cawthon, John R photgr 446 Washington h 704 Corbett" (Grace and Ethel Cawthon at same address) (Unique Portrait not listed)
1911 PCD not listed
Official Records
1892 Census - Walla Walla County, WA. page 50, line 10-13. John Cawthon, age 34, male, white, photographer, married, born Tennessee; Nita Cawthon, age 34, female, white, born Missouri; Ethel Cawthon, age 12, female, born Oregon; Gracie, age 5, female, born Oregon. (courtesy Robert King)
Photographer's Imprints
"J. R. Cawthon, photographer, Portland, Or" rubber stamp on boudoir view back, view of "Cyclone" steamer on Willamette in Portland
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56
Historical and Descriptive Review of the Industries of Walla Walla. Trade & Commerce Publishing Co., 1891 "J. R. CAUTHON, Photographer, 27 East Main street. Mr. Cauthon, who succeeded the firm of Brodeck & Co. in the proprietorship of this well-known establishment, is a gentleman of ripe experience in this artistic profession, having devoted eighteen years to it- fourteen years on the Pacific Coast and four years in Illinois. His native state is Tennessee. Mr. Cauthon has finely appointed photograph parlors and operating rooms, and carries on his work with equal facility in all kinds of weather. He employs competent assistants, and during his eighteen months' experience in Walla Walla, has demonstrated that his work is equal to any in general excellence and beauty of finish. Prices are very reasonable, and orders are executed promptly. A visit to Mr. Cauthon's studio will be of interest to those wishing to secure really fine pictures." (courtesy Michael Cirelli)


Cawthon, J. W.
Chronology
Union
Enterprise
Photographer's Imprints
"Union, Oregon. J. W. Cawthon. Enterprise, Oregon."


C. C. M. Co.
Please see Crow, Samuel B.
Please see Cawthon, John R.


Centennial Art Studio
Please see Bicknell, W.


Centennial Photo Studio
Please see Kearney, Louis A.


Century Photo Studio
Please see Saito, I.


Chatterton, M., Miss.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Chatterton, Miss M. ..."


Chase, E. T. or H. B.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club"...shore-line scenes by H. B. Chase; any of them would be a choice addition to a well-selected group of art pictures.", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Chase, E. T. ..."


Cheney, Edith C. (Oregon City, not McMinnville)
Chronology
1896-1905 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1896 PCD pg. 688 Oregon City "Cheney Eston S, Photographer, w s Main 4 n 8th, bds same" plus ad "First Class Work Only. Cheney's Art Gallery, Oregon City, Oregon"
1897 PCD pg. 674 Oregon City "Cheney Eston S, Photographer, w s Main 2 s 9th, bds same" plus ad "First Class Work Only. Cheney's Art Gallery, Oregon City, Oregon"
1901 POWA pg. 252 Oregon City "Cheney, Eston S The Leading Photographer" (also Cheney, Arden W, propr Oregon City Courier Herald)
1904 PCD pg. 1005 Oregon City "Cheney, Edith C., photog 914 Main, bds same, photog"
1905 POW pg. 330 Oregon City "Cheney, Edith C photgr"
Photographer's Imprints
"Cheney, Oregon City, Ore." rubber stamp on back of small card mount
"Cheney's Art Gallery, corner Ninth & Main Streets, Oregon City, Oregon." rubber stamp on back of small card mount
"Cheney, Oregon City, Oregon" printed front cabinet card, subject is Maurice Myers, ms date 1898.
"Cheney's Art Gallery, Oregon City, Oregon. Views Of Oregon" printed front cabinet card, view of loggers. (APG cat. 83, item 22)
News Items and Advertisements
1902: "For fine Photos call on Snodgrass, successor to Cheney..." Oregon City Enterprise, 25 April 1902, pg. 3, col. 2.
1904: "Miss Edith Cheney. The desire to preserve the pictured semblance of loved ones and familiar scenes is as natural as life, and the people of Oregon City now enjoy special facilities in this line by reason of the recent location here of Miss Edith Cheney. This lady stands among the leaders in her chosen profession, and is fully equipped with a first class gallery. She is a lady with marked artistic taste and is prepared to do any and all kinds of work pertaining to the art of photography. While her work leaves nothing to be desired, it must not be supposed that her prices are high, for on the contrary they are most reasonable." Oregon City Enterprise, 24 June 1904, pg. 6, col. 4. <this issue is a mugbook directory of Oregon City merchants>


Cheney, Ethel (McMinnville, not Oregon City)
Cheney & Krumm
Cheney & Grimm
Chronology
Mill City
1905-1907 McMinnville
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 362 Mill City "Mill City Gazette, O. A. Cheney propr, S. G. Dorris editor"
1905 POW pg. 284 McMinnville "Cheney & Krumm (Ethel Cheney, Bessie Krumm) photographers"
1907 POW pg. 291 McMinnville "Cheney & Krumm (Ethel Cheney, Bessie Krumm) photographers"
Photographer's Imprints
"Cheney & Grimm, Mill City, Oregon" printed or stamped front of cabinet card (not sure this is Ethel Cheney, it could be Edith)
"Cheney & Grimm, Star Studio", "From the Star Studio"


Cherrington, Thomas J.
Cherrington, T. J., Mrs.
Cherrington, William M.
Cherrington Bros.
Cherrington & Bro.
Chronology
1888-1889 Salem (Thomas J.)
1891-1893 Salem (Cherrington Bros.)
1901-1911 Dallas (Thomas J)
Directory Listings
1886 POWI and Pacific Coast not listed
1888 POWI pg. 477 Salem "Cherrington, Thomas J., photographer Bank block 309 Commercial"
1889 POWI pg. 451 Salem "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer, Commercial cor Chemeketa"
1889 Salem: pg. 44 "Cherrington, Thomas J., photographer Commercial s e cor Chemekete, res 562 Commercial.", "Cherrington, Mrs. T. J., assistant T. J. Cherrington, res 562 Commercial"
1891 POWI pg. 551 Salem "Cherrington & Bro (Wm. M. and Thomas J), photographers, 320 Commercial"
1891 Salem pg. 49 "Cherrington & Bro. (Wm. M. and Thomas J.) photographers 320 Commercial", "Cherrington, Thomas J., (Cherrington & Bro.) res 562 Commercial.", "Cherrington, Wm M (Cherrington & Bro.) res 387 High"
1893 OB Salem pg. 66 "Cherrington Bros. (Thos. J. and Wm. M) photographers, new Exchange bldg.", "Cherrington, Thomas J. (Cherrington Bros) res 562 Commercial.", "Cherrington, Wm M (Cherrington Bros.) res 387 High"
1893 Polk Salem pg. 51 "Cherrington & Bro. (Wm M and Thomas J.) photographer, 314 Commercial", "Cherrington, Wm M (Cherrington & Bro.) res 387 High", "Cherrington, Thomas J. (Cherrington & Bro) res 562 Commerical"
1901 POWA pg.155 Dallas "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer"
1903 POW pg. 163 Dallas "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer"
1905 POW pg. 184 Dallas "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer"
1907 POW pg. 183 Dallas "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer"
1909 POW pg. 128 Dallas "Cherrington, Thomas J photographer"
1910 Or pg. 253 Dallas "Cherrington, T. J. photographer, 4 Wilson Bldg."
1911 POW pg. 121 Dallas "Cherrington, T J photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Cherrington Bros., 1895, Salem"
Photographer's Imprints
"Cherrington & Bro., opp First Natl Bank, Exchange Block, Commercial St., Salem" cabinet card.
"Cherrington Bros., Salem, Or." cabinet card, printed front.
"Cherrington" blind stamp on mount, 6x8 print of fish pond (OHS)
"T. J. Cherrington, Dallas, Ore." printed front cabinet card.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Cherrington, T. J.---Dallas, Ore..."


Childrens' Art Gallery Co.
Chronology
1894-1895 Portland
This building held a series of studios, any one of these could be the photographer doing business under the name of The Childrens' Art Gallery.
1892-3 William G. Emery
1893 Albert B. Cousin
1894-5 Robert K. Clavering
1896 Frost & Conner
Photographer's Imprints
"The Childrens' Art Gallery Co. Ground Floor. 410 E. Morrison St. Portland Or." printed front cabinet card.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56


Chinnery, J. H.
Chronology
before 1911 Scottville, MI
1911 Woodville
1912 Portland
after 1912 Scottville, MI
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 2839 J. H. Chinnery, Woodville, Ore. (Was Scottville, Mich)..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 11, November 1911, pg. 538.
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of Change of address... 2839- J. H. Chinnery, Butte Falls, Ore. (Was Woodville, Ore.)" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 1, January 1912, pg. 44.
1912: "International Photographic Association... List of Renewals... 2839- J. H. Chinnery, Butte Falls, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 4, April 1912
1912: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 2839- J. H. Chinnery, Florence, Ore. (Was Butte Falls, Ore)" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 6, June 1912, pg. 285.
1912: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 2839- J. H. Chinnery, General Delivery, Portland, Ore. (Was Florence, Ore.)" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 8, August 1912
1912: "International Photographic Association... Change of Address... 2839 J. H. Chinnery, Scottville, Mich. (Was General Delivery, Portland, Ore.)..." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 9, September, 1912, pg. 433.


Chinlund, Elmer A.
Chinlund, Frantz William
Chinlund Bros
Chronology
1907-1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1907 PCD pg. 379 "Chindlund(sic), F Wm, boarding 233 5th"
1909 PCD pg. 394 "Chindlund(sic), F Wm, boarding 288 4th"
1910 PCD pg. 276 "Chinlund Bros (F Wm and Elmer A) photgrs 303 1/2 Washington", "Chinlund, Elmer A (Chinlund Bros) r 303 1/2 Washington", "Chinlund, F Wm (Chinlund Bros) r 303 1/2 Washington"
1911 PCD pg. 343 "Chinlund, Elmer A photgr B A Gifford h 540 Webster"; "Chinlund, F Wm propr Potter House b 282 1/2 2d"; pg. 1170 "Potter House, F Wm Chinlund propr furn rms, 282 1/2 2d"
1912 PCD pg. 351 "Chinlund, Elmer A photgr h 558 E 49th N"
1913 PCD not listed
1914 PCD pg. 398 "Chinlund, F Wm (May E) grocer 288 Harrison h same"
1915 PCD pg. 304 "Chindlund (sic) F Wm (May E) grocer 288 Harrison h same"
1916 PCD pg. 308 "Chindlund, Frantz W (Mae E) grocer 288 Harrison h same"
1917 PCD pg. 260 "Chindlund, Frantz W (Mae E) grocer 430 Harrison h same"


Christiani, Charles O.
Chronology
1911 Prineville
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... New Members... 3082- Charles O. Christiani, Prineville, Ore. 5x7, developing paper, of mountain scenery, architectural views, fields, farms and animals, also groups...Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 11, November 1911, pg. 538.


Christy Studio
Chronology
Portland and Seattle WA
Directory Listings
1901-1911 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Christy Studio, Seattle and Portland"
"Christy Studio, Seattle"


Churchley, Arthur G. (ca.1871-1928)
Churchley, Amy G.
Chronology
1891 Kelso, WA
1900-1925 Portland
The implication of "headquarters" on the Kelso mount is they had a travelling wagon. Churchley photographed Hillsboro sites in 1895, on Churchley and Hargrave/Kelso mounts. (WCM # LP72-142/139-16)
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 829 Kelso WA "Churchley, A. G., photographer"
1900 PCD pg. 227 "Churchley, Arthur G, Photographer 145 1/2 3d, Tel Red 1909, r 347 Everett, Tel Main 931"; "Churchley, Miss Amy, b 347 Everett"
1901 PCD pg. 205 "Churchley, Arthur G, photographer, 145 1/2 3d, bds 347 Everett"; "Churchley, Miss Amy, finisher A G Churchley, bds 347 Everett" (many other family members at Everett address)
1901 POWA pg. 291 "Churchley, Arthur G, photographer 145 1/2 3rd"
1902 PCD pg. 261 "Churchley, Arthur G, photog 145 1/2 3rd, res 109 Whittaker", "Churchley, Miss Amy, finisher A. G. Churchley, bds 347 Everett" (
1903 PCD pg. 253 "Churchley, Arthur G, photog 145 1/2 3rd, res 109 Whittaker", "Churchley, Amy A, finisher A. G. Churchley, bds 347 Everett" (many other family members at McMillen address)
1904 PCD pg. 282 "Churchley, Arthur G, photog 145 1/2 3rd, res 109 Whittaker", "Churchley, Amy A, photog A G Churchley, bds 241 McMillen" (many other family members at McMillen address)
1905 PCD pg. 297 "Churchley, Arthur G, photog, 145 1/2 3d, res 109 Whittaker"; "Churchley, Amy A, photog, A G Churchley, bds 241 McMillan"
1906 PCD pg. 298 "Churchley, Arthur G., photog, 145 1/2 3d, res 109 Whittaker."
1907 PCD pg. 383 "Churchley, Arthur G., photog, 145 1/2 3d, res 109 Whittaker."
1909 PCD pg. 398 "Churchley, Arthur G., photog, 145 1/2 3d, rms same."
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Churchley, A. G. 145 1/2 Third St."
1910 PCD pg. 280 "Churchley, Arthur G., photgr, 145 1/2 3rd, res same"
1911 PCD pg. 348 "Churchley, Arthur G., photgr, 145 1/2 3rd, h 4-362 same"
1912 PCD pg. 356 "Churchley, Arthur G photographer, Also Commercial Work, President Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest, Studio 616 Northwest Bldg, 327 1/2 Washington, Tel Main 4375 h 25-172 Ford, Tel Main 6935" plus display ad
1913 PCD pg. 304 "Churchley, Arthur G photgr 616 Northwest bldg h h 25-170 Ford"
1914 PCD pg. 402 "Churchley, Arthur G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Northwest bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Churchley, A. G. Northwest Bldg Main 4375"
1915 PCD pg. 309 "Churchley, Arthur G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Northwest bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1916 PCD pg. 312 "Churchley, Art G (Mabel G) photgr 600 (sic) Northwest bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1917 PCD pg. 264 "Churchley, Art G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Northwest bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1918 PCD pg. 282 "Churchley, Art G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Northwest bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1920 PCD pg. 316 "Churchley, Arthur G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Raleigh bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1921 PCD pg. 270 "Churchley, Arth G (Mabel) photgr 616 Raleigh bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1924 PCD pg. 472 "Churchley, Arthur G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Raleigh bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1925 PCD pg. 443 "Churchley, Arth G (Mabel G) photgr 616 Raleigh Bldg h 109 Whittaker"
1928 PCD pg. 425 "Churchley, Arth G (Mabel G) photog 616 Raleigh bldg h 109 Whittaker"
Photographer's Imprints
"Churchley & Hargrave, Headquarters, Kelso, Wash." cabinet card, imprinted front.
"Churchley, 145 1/2 Third St., Portland Or." printed front on card mount., also as a blind stamp.
News Items and Advertisements
1909: report of the Pacific Northwest Photographers' Association of America convention. A. G. Churchley was a member of the auditing committee and transacted various routine business. Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 11, November 1909, pg. 443-449.
1910: report of the Annual Convention of the Photographers Association in Vancouver BC. Churchley was a member of the auditing committee. Camera Craft, October, 1910, pg. 348.
1912: "Twelfth Annual Convention of the Photographers' Association of the Pacific Northwest was held at the Multnomah Hotel, Portland, September third to sixth, inclusive. It opened with an address from the mayor, which was responded to by President Churchley of the Association. ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 9, September 1912, pg. 466-467
1912: "Churchley Photographer Formerly 145 1/2 Third St., Is Now Located at 327 1/2 Washington Street, Northwest Building. Phones: A 5175, Main 4375" Polk's Portland City Directory 1912, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1912, pg. 1883.
1928: "CHURCHLEY- Dec. 30, at the late residence, 109 Whitaker at., Arthur G. aged 57 years husband of Mabel Churchley, father of Mrs. Greta Van Darvort and Arthea Churchley, brother of Jesse J. M. and Frank D. Churchley, Mrs. Fred C. King, Mrs. Homer Cecil, Mrs. Charles Eastman and Mrs. Andrew Anderson of this city and James M. Churchly of Reedville, Or. The remains will arrive at Finely's Montgomery at 5th, this (Sunday) afternoon. Notice of funeral hereafter." Oregonian, 1 January 1928, sec. 2 pg. 4.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Churchley, A. G.---Portland, Ore...Churchley, Mrs. A. G.---Portland, Ore...Churchley, Amy---Portland, Ore..." ... "Committees:... Transportation...A. G. Churchley..."
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56


City Park Gallery
Please see Calvert, Cal


Clapp
Clapp & Pratt
Chronology
1909-1911 Marquam
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 240 Marquam "Clapp & Pratt, photographers"
1911 POW pg. 219 Marquam "Clapp & Fratt (sic), photographers"


Clark (Forest Grove)
Fritz & Clark
Chronology
before 1900 Forest Grove
Photographer's Imprints
"Fritz & Clark, Forest Grove" printed boudoir (OHS)


Clark, Charles W. (Roseburg)
Clark, James H.
Clark, M. A.
Clark Bros.
Clark & Clark
Chronology
1908-1917 Roseburg
The Clark brothers purchased the H. D. Graves studio in 1908, according to a 1972 interview recorded by Glenn Mason, cited by Peter Palmquist.
Directory Listings
1909 Roseburg city directory: Clark, C. W., photographer
1913 POW pg. 1951 photographers "Clark Bros, Rosebury (sic) O"
1915 POW pg. 1492 photographers "Clark, J. H., Roseburg O"
1917 POW pg. 1535 photographers "Clark & Clark, Roseburg O"
1925 POW pg. 450 Roseburg "Clark & Clark (J H and M A) photog 137 N Jackson"
Mautz Oregon "Clark, James, & Chas. W., 1900, Roseburg"
Directory Listings
"C. W. Clark, I. O. O. F. Building, Roseburg, Oregon" printed front, portrait folder
"Clark's Studio, Roseburg, Oregon" printed front, portrait folder, ms date 9 December 1916.
"Clark's Studio, Roseburg, Oregon" printed back of Cyko real photo post card, ms date 28 May 1915.


Clark, Fred A. (Portland)
Chronology
1914-1916 Portland
Directory Listings
1914 - 1915 PCD not listed
1916 PCD pg. 316 "Clark, Fred A photgr 310 McKay bldg r 131 1/2 10th"
Photographer's Imprints
"F. A. Clark, Commercial Photographer, 310 Macley Bldg. Portland, Oregon" rubber stamp on mount back, ms date 1914, school group portrait (WCM #LP72-1552/1616-139)


Clark, F. Melvin (Eugene)
Clark's Studio
Chronology
1913-1915 Eugene
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Clark, F. M., Eugene O"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Clark, F. M., Eugene O"
News Items and Advertisements
1912: (classified ad) "FOR SALE A buy that will pay for itself in 12 months and keep your family. In a coming railroad center. Location, rooms light all fine. Studio fitted to 11 x 14, 8x10 view and 10-inch Cirkut. My lease alone is worth half what I am asking. Have other business and must get out. If you have $2,000.00 cash I can show you. Clark Studio, 504 Willamette St., Eugene, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, October 1912.
1913: "Clark's Studio, portraits, Seventh and Willamette Sts., ... we aspire to do the best work that can be done in photography..." Oregana 1913, (University of Oregon; Eugene 1912)
1913: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Studio- the best equipped in the best city of 17,000 population in Oregon. Must sell; have other business and sickness in the east requiring my attention. This a chance you will not often find. F. Melvin Clarke, Eugene, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XX, May - October 1913.
1913: (classified ad) "FOR SALE The best equipped studio in the best city of 1,700 (sic) population in Oregon. Have other business and the death of a relative in the East forces me to sell at once. If you can make as good here as I have, you need want nothing finer. F. Melvin Clark, Eugene, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 9, September 1913.
1913: (classified ad) "For Sale: $1,200.00 cash buys my modern, finely equipped studio, worth double this amount. Will pay for itself in six months. City of 17,000 population, has Oregon University and Bible School. Long lease, cheap rent. Death of a relative cause of selling. F. Melvin Clarke, Eugene, Ore." Camera Craft, December 1913 - January 1914.


Clark, George (Independence)
Chronology
1888 Independence
Directory Listings
1888 POWI pg. 248 Independence "Clark, George, photographer"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: There are two George Clark photographers active in California. George Clark, born New York 1835, lived in Palmdale CA in 1892, and Los Angeles in 1900. George W. Clark, born in Massachusetts in 1853, moved to Colusa CA on 16 October 1877.


Clarke, J. F.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members... Clarke, J. F. ..."


Clark, James H.
please see Clark, Charles W.


Clark, John C. (1853- )
Clark & Wood
Chronology
1889-1891 LaGrande
1896-1897 Portland
1900 San Bernadino CA
Directory Listings
1886-1888 directories not listed
1889 POWI pg. 286 LaGrande "Clark, John C. photographer"
1891 POWI pg. 320 LaGrande "Clark & Wood (John C. Clark, Frank W. Wood), photographers"
1891-1896 PCD not listed
1897 PCD pg. 210 "Clark, John C photographer 388 E Morrison, res 561 E Ankeny"
1898-1904 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"J. C. Clark, La Grande, Or." CDV imprinted front
"Clark & Wood. La Grande" Cabinet card, printed front (Joseph Museum)
News Items and Advertisements
1906: Forms a real estate company with A. B. Thomas, in Forest Grove. Forest Grove Times, 11 October 1906.
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: John C. Clark was born in Illinois in 1853. He was a photographer in San Bernadino in 1900, residing at 220 Seventh street.
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56.


Clark, L. Wilson (Albany, Olympia)
Fritz & Clark
Chronology
1881-1887 Olympia
1887-1889 Albany
Directory Listings
1884 POWI pg. 471 Olympia Wa "Clark, L Wilson, photographer"
1886 POWI pg. 554 Olympia WA "Clark, L Wilson photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Clark, Olympia" CDV printed front, identical typeface to Forest Grove item (OHS 113-1 Blackler)
News Items and Advertisements
1881: "A. B. Woodard, the Olympia photographer, has sold his business in that line to L. W. Clark, formerly in his employ." The Daily Intelligencer, (Seattle, WA) 28 June 1881, pg. 3, col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1889: "Crawford & Paxton, The Leading PHOTOGRAPHERS ALBANY, OREGON. We have bought all the negatives made by L. W. Clark and Greenwood (ed. note- these were two separate photographers, Clark did not have a partnership with William H. Greenwood) up to date (Nov 15, 1889). Duplicates can be had from them only of us, at reduced rates..." Morning Daily Herald (Albany) 10 Jan 1890 pg.3 col 5-6.
1888: (ad)"L.W. Clark Portrait Photographer Studio Corner Second and Ferry Streets New Opera House Ground Floor Children's Pictures a Specialty." Albany States-Rights Democrat(Albany OR) 03 August - 17 August 1888.
Bibliography
State Capitol Museum, Notes on Olympia Photographers, np. nd. "L. Wilson Clark--listed as having a photo studio at the corner of 4th and Main (Capitol Way) but resident at Albany, Oregon. (1887 Puget Sound Directory) that same year, Adelbert D. Rogers is listed as manager of L. W. Clark, with his residence at corner of 9th and Washington.
By 1888, Rogers is listed as photographer, west side of Main, at 4th. Clark is not listed, so we might assume this was about the time Rogers took over the photo studio.
Mrs. Ray Rogers, his daughter-in-law is still living and a member of the museum. She has given us some biographical material on A. D Rogers (a Civil War veteran who escaped from Libby Prison) not positive when he came west. In 1890 Rogers had a partner, D. C. Moore." (courtesy Michael Cirelli)


Claussenius, Herman
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 287 "Claussenius, H & Son (Herman and Herman Jr), Plumbers, Gas and Steam Fitters 415 Washington"; "Claussenius, Herman (H Claussenius & Son) res 351 13th"; "Claussenius, Herman Jr. (H Claussenius & Son) bds 351 13th"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Claussenius, H. ..."


Clavering, Robert K.
Motor Gallery
New York Gallery
Chronology
1892-1893 Oregon City
1894-1895 Portland
1896-1897 Oregon City
By 1901, The New York Gallery in Oregon City was owned by Turney (q. v.)
Directory Listings
1893 PCD pg. 1061 Photographers "Clavering, R. K., Or City"
1894 PCD pg. 256 "Clavering, Robert K, photographer, 410 E Morrison, res same"
1895 PCD pg. 228 "Clavering, Robert K, photographer, 410 E Morrison, res same"
1896 PCD pg. 688 Oregon City "Clavering, Robert K, photographer, Water N e cor 5th, rms same"
1897 PCD pg. 674 Oregon City "Clavering, Robert K, photographer, Water N e cor 5th, rms same"
Mautz Oregon "Clavering, 1895, Oregon City", "Motor Gallery, 1890, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Clavering, N. Y. Gallery, Oregon City, Ore." printed front, small card portrait.
"New York Gallery, Oregon City, Oregon" printed front cabinet card
News Items and Advertisements
1892: "New York Gallery. Photographs Delivered Promptly in the Finest Style of the Art. Fine Crayon Work A Specialty. Old Pictures Copied to any size. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Gallery Near Post Office, Oregon City, Or." Oregon City Enterprise, 8 July 1892.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 56, 73


Claxton, Inez
Chronology
1904-1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 not listed
1903 PCD pg. 257 "Claxton, George W, ins agt, res 1054 E Taylor"
1904 PCD pg. 287 "Claxton, Inez, retoucher, bds 1058 E Taylor"
1905 PCD pg. 302 "Claxton, Inez G, retoucher W G Davies, bds Laurelwood Park"; "Claxton, George W, trav agt The Journal, res Laurelwood Park"
1906 PCD pg. 304 "Claxton, George W, sol The Journal, res Laurelwood Park"
1907 PCD pg. 389 "Claxton, Mrs G W, res 345 E 44th"
1909-1911 not listed


Cleaves, J. R.
Chronology
1878-1889 Marshfield (now Coos Bay)
Directory Listings
1878 Pacific pg. 215 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R. photographer and jewelry"
1884 POWI pg. 205 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R., jeweler and photographer"
1886 POWI pg. 236 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R., jeweler and photographer."
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 1022 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R., jeweler and photographer."
1888 POWI pg. 297 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R., jeweler and photographer"
1889 POWI pg. 309 Marshfield "Cleaves, J. R., jeweler and photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Cleaves, J. R. 1878-1886, Marshfield"
News Items and Advertisements
1875: "Jas. R. Cleave, Watchmaker and Jeweler, Marshfield. I will hold in readiness to attend to all repairs of watches, clocks, jewelry, accordions, concertinas and musical instruments of every description. Engraving neatly executed at reasonable rates" Coos Bay News, 18 Aug. 1875 pg. 3 col. 7 (ad first noted 18 Aug 1875, previous issues not checked, last insertion 22 Sept 1875)
1876: "Mr. J. R. Cleaves is building an addition to his shop in Marshfield" Coos Bay News, 16 Feb. 1876 pg. 3 col. 1
1879: "PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, Marshfield Oregon, J. R. Cleaves, Proprietor. The Proprietor respectfully announces to the people of Coos county that he has the new styles of Photograph; Ambrotypes, Melainotypes and can always be found at his gallery near the News office." (Cleaves insertion noted continuously 14 May 1879 or earlier, not checked yet, through 20 Oct 1880 and gone on 24 Nov 1880 (intervening issues not available for examination). The insertion started back 6 April 1881 and issues beyond 22 June 1881 have not been checked yet.
1879: "Mr. Cleaves, of this place will start for Myrtle Point next Friday to fill several large orders for photographs which were furnished him on the Fourth (ed note: of July). His work gives general satisfaction in that locality as well as in every place he visits." Coos Bay News, 6 Aug. 1879 pg. 3 col. 1
1879: "One of the amusing features of the concert given at Norman's Hall last Wednesday...(guitar awarded to woman voted the best looking)...After which there was a present to be given to the best looking man present to be also selected by vote, the nominees were Mr. Cleaves, Mr. Temple, and Major Brown, Mr. Cleaves receiving the highest number of votes, Mr. Temple coming in a close second. Without saying anything disparaging to the good looks of any of the candidates, yet we are surprised at the result, as anyone with 'half an eye' and any taste at all could not hesitate in selecting Mr. Temple from among the candidates. -The 'best looking man' was presented with a pair of baby stockings." Coos Bay News, 13 Aug. 1879 pg. 3 col. 2
1879: "Mr. Cleaves, the photographer, left for Myrtle Point, yesterday. He will be prepared to do anything in his line as soon as he returns. His instruments have been on the Coquille for some time. This is his last visit to the Coquille this year." Coos Bay News, 29 Oct. 1879 pg. 3 col. 2
1879: "J. R. Cleaves, our photographer returned from the Coquille river last Saturday where he had been on business." Coos Bay News, 19 Nov. 1879 pg. 3 col. 1
1879: "J. R. Cleaves has just received a large stock of jewelry, which he offers at very reasonable prices" Coos Bay News, 24 Dec 1879 pg. 3, col. 3.
1880: "Mr. J. R. Cleaves, the photographer, is visiting Myrtle Point." Coos Bay News, 29 Sept 1880 pg. 3 col. 1.
1880: "Mr. J. R. Cleaves returned from his visit to the Coquille last week and can be found at his old stand." Coos Bay News, 13 Oct. 1880 pg. 3 col. 3.
1885: "J. R. CLEAVES, JEWELER AND PHOTOGRAPHER, Marshfield, Oregon, Is again at his old place of business with an elegant stock of Watches, Jewelry, Cutlery, etc. for sale, at the lowest possible rates. Also Photographing, in its various branches, by the latest and most improved processes." (same insertion noted through 7 July 1886, following issues not checked yet. Also noted 26 Jan 1887 through 19 Oct 1887) Coos Bay News, 25 November 1885 (first insertion)
1886: (unclaimed mail notice) "Express packages remaining in Marshfield express office, Jan 1st 1886...J. R. Cleaves..." Coos Bay News, (Marshfield) 6 January 1886 pg. 3 col. 2.


Clemens, Ruth, Mrs.
Chronology
1913-1917 Grants Pass
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Clemens, Ruth, Mrs. Grants Pass O"
1913 POW pg. 246 Grants Pass "Clemens, Michl drugs"
1915 POW pg. 193 Grants Pass "Clemens, Michl drugs"
1917 POW pg. 172 Grants Pass "Clemens, Michael drugs"


Clement, Bertha
Chronology
1910 Beaverton
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "International Photographic Association - List of New Members... 2217. Bertha Clement, Beaverton, Ore." Camera Craft, January 1910, pg. 40, col. 1.


Clement, Edland C.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 305 "Clement, Edland C, rural agt P O, res 42 E 6th"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Clement, E. H...", "Committees...Entertainment Committee...E. C. Clement..."


Cleveland, Marshall
Chronology
Oregon City

Directory Listings
"Marshall Cleveland, Oregon City, Or." printed front cabinet card


Clevenger, Charles L.
Chronology
1901-1907 Grants Pass
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 182 Grants Pass "Clevenger, Charles L, photographer"
1903 POW pg. 194 Grants Pas "Clevenger, Charles L photographer"
1905 POW pg. 224 Grants Pass "Clevenger, Charles L photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1903: (review of First Convention of The Photographers Ass'n of California) "The following is a list of exhibitors from the East and the Pacific Northwest...Clevinger, Grants Pass, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. VIII, No 1, December 1903, pg. 29-30.
Bibliography
Stovall, D. H., and Clevinger, C. L.: "Educating the 'Photographic Eye' in the Home" Camera Craft, Vol. IX, No. 1, June 1904, pg. 22-23.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Clevenger. C. L.---Grants Pass, Ore...Clevenger, Mrs. C. L.---Grants Pass, Ore..."


Clifford, Clarence E.
Chronology
1915-1931 Albany
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1490 photographers "Clifford, C. E., Albany O"
1917 POW pg. 1533 photographers "Clifford, C. E., Albany O"
1925 POW pg. 170 Albany "Clifford, Clarence E photog 333 W 1st"
1931 Albany Phone Directory "Clifford, C. E., r 705 W 10th, 341-J; Clifford Studio, 338 W 1st, 458-R"
1946 Albany pg. 36 "Clifford, C. E. (Ruth) prop Clifford's Studio (off 331 W 1) 705 W 10th ph 341-J", "Clifford's Studio, Clifford C E prop 333 W 1 ph 458-R"
Photographer's Imprints
"Clifford, Albany, Oregon"
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "C. E. Clifford, of Albany, Oregon, has added a Seavey Arrastry Ground to his already well appointed studio" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 11, November 1913 pg. 545.
1916: "Clifford, The Photographer in Your Town" Albany High School Yearbook, June 1916


Clutter
Clutter & Co.
Chronology
Forest Grove
ca. 1880-1881 Medford
Photographer's Imprints
"Clutter & Co., Forest Grove" cabinet card, printed front (WCM #LP72-131/128-16)
"Clutter & Co. Medford, Oregon" cabinet card printed front, subject is a baby identified as born in 1880. presumed date of exposure is ca. 1880-1881


Cochran, M. C.
Chronology
1907 Cottage Grove
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 177 Cottage Grove "Cochran, M C photographer" (also Mrs. S E dairy, John D furn and undertakers, Albert B bicycle repairs)


Coe, Elmer Andrew
Chronology
1903-1911 Astoria
Directory Listings
1903 Polk Astoria City Directory pg. 57 "Coe, Elmer A, bicycle rpr Frank Woodfield, res 190 10th"; "Coe, Lottie M, laundress Troy Laundry, res 190 9th"
1910 Or pg. 238 Astoria Photographers "Coe, E. A., 110 11th"
1911 POW pg. 65 Astoria "Coe, Elmer A, photo supplies"
Bibliography
Joyce Herbst, Oregon Coast; Discovering Old Oregon Series (Vol. 2, Frank Amato Pub; Portland, 1985) pg. 14 reproduces photo of shipwreck captioned and signed in negative "British Barque Peter Iredale, Wrecked 1906 Coe Photo."
Oregon Historical Society, index card with biographical information: "Coe, Elmer Andrew, Astoria and Svenson, Ore. First in bicycle business and refused partnership in Ballou & Wright in favor of photography. Later gave up photography for merchandise store in Svenson. While a photographer, sold many postcard views, often selling hundreds at a time to some sea captain. At his death a Mr. Woodfield obtained most of the glass negatives from the family.
Coe's first wife died leaving son Ralph Willard, aged one year, and older children George, Stewart, and Bertha. Ralph was taken by his grandparent Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Bronson Coe, and the other children were placed in a Catholic school by Coe's second wife. They were soon after removed by the grandmother, who was a Seventh Day Adventist and Bertha went to live with her father and step-mother, while the boys stayed with the grandparents. This information Jan. 6, 1961 from Ralph W. Coe, 4306 O. B. Highway, Longview, Washington."
(See also Woodfield biography in this book. Coe and Woodfield worked together in Astoria from around 1910-1920. Coe is mentioned in Woodfield's biography).


Coffey, Chester "Chet" M. (1887- )
Chronology
1907-1909 Corvallis
1909 Portland
1910 Los Angeles CA
1916-1926 McMinnville
1927-1933 Portland
1928 Salem
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 174 Corvallis "Coffey, C M photographer"
1925 POW pg. 263 McMinnville "Coffey C M photog"
1928 PCD pg. 442 "Coffey, Chester M (Coffeys Photo Service) h 388 E 37th N"; "Coffey's Photo Service (C M Coffey) 411 E Morrison"
1930 PCD pg. 402 "Coffey, Chester M (Willia V) mgr Coffeys Photo Service Inc h 551 E 38th N"; "Coffey's Photo Service Inc C M Coffey mgr 327 Wash R 616"
Photographer's Imprints
"Coffey, McMinnville, Oregon" blind stamp on portrait print "Coffey's Photo Service Inc. Photo Finishing, Portrait and Com'l Photography. Established 1906. Developing, Printing. Portland, Salem, Kelso" printed photo finishing envelope, Franklin Drug Co., Portland. News Items and Advertisements
1924: "Saturday evening, October 18, The Willamette Valley Photographers' Association held its first meeting of the winter season ... Those present were ... C. M. Coffey, of McMinnville ..." Camera Craft, December 1924, pg. 605.
1927: "Master Photo Finishers of America ... Territorial Vice Presidents ... North-Western States: C. M. Coffey, 284 N. Commercial, Salem, Ore. ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XXXIV No. 8, August 1927, pg. 394.
1927: report of the Pacific International Photographers Association annual convention in Los Angeles. "... The new officers were installed at the banquet and are: Treasurer, C. M. Coffey of Portland, Oregon ..." Camera Craft, November 1927, pg. 544-545.
1928: listed as Territorial Vice President of Master Photo Finishers of America. "C. M. Coffey, 284 N. Commercial, Salem, Ore." Camera Craft, March 1928, pg. 137; April 1928, pg. 189; May 1928, pg. 239.
1929: "Chet Coffey. Having sat in committee many times with Chester M. Coffey, having never dreamed that Chet carried so dignified a name under his affectionately known and genially carried Chet... we read what Spokes, the Rotarian organ of Portland, Oregon, has to say about him..." humorous biography follows. Summary: born in 1887 on Howell Prairie near Salem. His parents were pioneers of 1843. Camera Craft, Vol. XXXVI, No. 4, April 1929.
1933: "It's the Birthday of Chester McCorkle Coffey, Who Was Born in Oregon in 1887. By David W. Hazen.
A Native son of beautiful Oregon is Chester McCorkle Coffey, sure enough! This Portland photographer was born on Howell prairie in Marion county January 15, 1887. Both of the boy's parents were born in Oregon. The Howells, his great-grandparents, settled on the prairie named for them in 1844, Mr. Coffey said yesterday. The place of his birth is not far distant from Silverton. When he was three years old his family moved to a farm near Scio, and this remained Chester's home until he graduated from Scio high school in 1904. That fall the family moved to McMinnville and the boy entered the Baptist college in that city. He played on the McMinnville college basketball team the year he went to that institution. The next fall Chester hurried to Corvallis to attend Oregon Agricultural college. He went to that school two years, taking a special art course. In the summer of 1907, Mr. Coffey started his first photographic studio. It was in Corvallis, where he stayed two years. In 1909 he sold out and came to Portland to work for C. Elmore Grove, remaining here about a year and then moving with Mr. Grove, remaining here about a year and then moving with Mr. Grove to Los Angeles. The native of Howell prairie quit Los Angeles to go farming in Canada. He moved to a large wheat-and-grain ranch near Medicine Hat, where he toiled until 1916, when he had had enough of the cold weather in that section. In 1916 he returned to McMinnville and opened a photographic studio, remaining there ten years before moving to Salem. After a rather short stay in the capital Mr. McCoffey again came to Portland to reside, this in 1927. He established his own studio here, which he continues to operate. Mr. Coffey is ex-president of the Pacific International Photographers' association and is now a director representing the Pacific coast of the Photographers' International of America. Mr. Coffey married Miss Willa Virginia McKnight of Scio, April 26, 1910; their daughter Frances attends Grant high while son Warren is at Gregory Heights grammar school. Fishing Mr. Coffey does with much gusto." The Oregonian, 15 January, 1933, sec. 1, pg. 11.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Coffey, C. M.---Corvallis, Ore..."
Camera Craft, February 1927 pg. 92, mentions he is president of Oregon division of PIPA photographic association.
Spokes, (Rotary Club of Portland, Oregon, magazine), feature article on Coffey in early 1929.


Cohen, I. L.
Chronology
1898-1907 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 213 "Cohen, I Leeser, dept mngr Blumauer-D Co, res 777 Irving"
1903 PCD pg. 262 "Cohen, I Leeser, pres Oregon Photo Stock Co, res 777 Irving"; pg. 987"Oregon Photo Stock Co, I L Cohen Pres, Samuel Raphael Sec and Treas, Photographic Supplies 16-17 Washington Bldg, Tel Main 1874"
1904 PCD pg. 292 "Cohen, I Leeser (Oregon Photo Stock Co) res 777 Irving"; pg. 716 "Oregon Photo Stock Co, I L Cohen Pres, Samuel Raphael Sec-Treas, 16-17 Washington Bldg, Tel Main 1874"
1905 PCD pg. 308 "Cohen, I Leeser (Oregon Photo Stock Co) res 777 Irving"; pg. 987"Oregon Photo Stock Co (I L Cohen), photo supplies 111 6th"
1906 PCD pg. 310 "Cohen, I Leeser (Oregon Photo Stock Co) res 777 Irving"; pg. 987"Oregon Photo Stock Co (I L Cohen), photo supplies 111 6th"
1907 PCD pg. 396 "Cohen, I Leeser (Oregon Photo Stock Co) res 777 Irving"; pg. 987"Oregon Photo Stock Co (I L Cohen) 111 6th"
1909 PCD pg. 413 "Cohen, I Leeser, jeweler 328 1/2 Washington, mngr Blumauer Photo Supply Co, res 777 Irving"
1911 PCD pg. 364 "Cohen, I Leeser mngr Blumauer Photo Supply Co, h 777 Irving"
1912 PCD pg. 374 "Cohen, I Lesser (sic) mngr Blumaur Photo Supply Co, h 777 Irving"
1913 PCD pg. 318 "Cohen, I Leeser, treas-mngr Globe Theater Co h 777 Irving"
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Cohen, I. L.
1914 PCD pg. 418 "Cohen, I Lesser (sic) treas-mngr Globe Theater Co h 777 Irving"
1915 PCD pg. 322 "Cohen, I Lesser (Celia) sec Portland Amusement Co h 777 Irving"
1916 PCD pg. 326 "Cohen, I Lesser (Celia) sec Portland Amusement Co h 777 Irving"
1917 PCD pg. 278 "Cohen, I Leeser (Celia R) theatrical enterprises 210 Globe bldg h 777 Irving"
1918 PCD pg. 298 "Cohen, I Leeser (Celia R) (Industrial Film Service) h 7-205 20th N"
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints "...By I. L. Cohen, character studies of heads, finished after the style and effect of charcoal etching...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cohen, I. L...", List of Prints by I. L. Cohen at this exhibition:
46 Mounts St. Helens and Ranier (Telephoto)
47 Hallway
48 Meditation
49 The Judge
50 Portrait
51 Portrait


Cole, J. J.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Cole, J. J."
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cole, J. J. ..."


Collins, Paul
Chronology
1911 Albany
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 51 Albany "Collins, Paul, photographer"


Collins, Richard B.
Chronology
1884-1891 Dallas
1892 Victoria BC
Directory Listings
1884 POWI pg. 126 Dallas "Collins, Richard B., photographer"
1888 POWI Not listed
1889 POWI pg. 197 Dallas "Collins, R B picture enlarger"
1891 POWI pg. 228 Dallas "Collins, R. B., photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Collins, R. B., 1885, Dalles (sic)"
Photographer's Imprints
"R. B. Collins, Photographer, Dallas, Oregon" printed front cabinet card
News Items and Advertisements
1888: "R. B. Collins, the photographer, is prepared to turn out photographs a Dallas in all its branches as good s in any part of the state" Polk County Observer, (Monmouth) 8 December 1888, pg. 3, col. 6.
Bibliography
Mattison, David, Camera Workers - The British Columbia Photographer's Directory 1858-1900, author 1985, pg. C-9. Lists R. B. Collins as working in Victoria BC in 1892. His newspaper ad claims he has 20 years experience in the United States and England. Reference to the World 23 January 1892 pg. 4 is given.


Columbia Commercial Studio
Please see Gensler, J. H.


Columbia Gallery (Forest Grove 1904-1905)
Please see Seifert and Leopold


Columbia Photograph Gallery.
Columbia Photo Gallery.
Please see Jackson, Albert L.


Columbia Studio (Oregon City or Portland)
Chronology
1895? Oregon City
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Columbia Studio, 1895, Oregon City"
Photographer's Imprints
"Columbia Studio, 29 North Third Street" cabinet card, printed front.


Colvig, Volney
Chronology
1867 Canyonville
Directory Listings
1867 West Coast pg. 261 "Colvig, Volney, photographer"
Mautz Oregon "Colvig, Volney, 1867, Canyonville"
News Items and Advertisements
1869: "Volney Colvig, Notary Public, Canyonville, Oregon (ad for legal services) Office in Whittlesy & Colvig's Drug Store" Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 9 January 1869


Commercial Photo Co.
Please see Bartels, H. F.


Commonwealth Portrait Studio
Please see Northup, Vassar L


Cone & McKercher
This is a Portland bookstore that sold photographs.
Advertisements
1879: "Gem Pictures, Perforated Card Board, New Style, Just Received per Steamer Elder, Cone & McKercher, 39 First Street, Opposite New Bank Building" Portland Daily Standard, 2 May 1879, pg. 2 col. 4.


Conn, Richard E. (ca.1853-1947)
Conn & Underwood
Wilcox & Conn
Chronology
Albany
1891 Corvallis
1892-1902 Portland
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 218 Corvallis "Conn & Underwood, (R. E. Conn, J. L. Underwood) photographers"
1893 PCD pg. 323 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1894 PCD pg. 266 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1895 PCD pg. 236 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1896 PCD pg. 224 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1897 PCD pg. 220 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1898 PCD pg. 225 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1899 EO & P pg. 44, Portland Photographers "Conn R E 121 1/2 Russell"
1899 PCD pg. 233 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1900 PCD pg. 240 "Conn, Richard E, photographer 121 1/2 Russell, res same"
1901 PCD pg. 219 "Conn, Richard E (Conn & Sinfield), res 426 Williams av"; "Conn & Sinfield (Richard E Conn, Russell Sinfield), furn 265 Russell"; "Conn, Mrs R E, dressmaker, res 426 Williams av"
1901 POWA pg. 293 Portland "Conn, Richard E, photographer, 121 1/2 Russell", "Conn, Mrs. R E dressmaker, 121 1/2 Russell"
1902 PCD pg. 278 "Conn, Richard E, photog, res 426 Williams av"
1903 PCD pg. 267 "Conn, Richard E, grocer, 400 Williams av, res same"
1904 PCD pg. 297 "Conn, Richard E grocer 400 Williams av, res 287 San Rafael"
1905 PCD pg. 315 "Conn, Richard E, grocer 400 Williams av, res 287 San Rafael"; "Conn, Vena P, bds 287 San Rafael"
1906 PCD pg. 317 "Conn, Richard E, grocer 400 Williams av, res 287 San Rafael"
1907 PCD pg. 405 "Conn, Richard E, grocer 409 Williams av, res 287 San Rafael"
1909 PCD pg. 423 "Conn, Richard E, grocer 409 Williams av, res 287 San Rafael"
1910 PCD pg. 301 "Conn, Richd E h 287 San Rafael"
1911 PCD not listed
1912 PCD pg. 386 "Conn, Richd E h 1292 Williams Av"
1913 PCD pg. 328 "Conn, Richd E h 1292 Williams Av"
1914 PCD pg. 429 "Conn, Richd E (Florence M) scaler h 1292 Williams Av"
1915 PCD pg. 331 "Conn, Richd E (Florence M) h 1292 Williams"
1916 PCD pg. 336 "Conn, Richd E (Flora) h 1292 Williams"
1917 PCD pg. 287 "Conn, Richd E clk r 1292 Williams"
1918 PCD pg. 308 "Conn, Richd E clk UMCo h 1292 Williams"
1920 PCD pg. 347 "Conn, Richd r 1292 Williams av"
1921 PCD pg. 298 "Conn, Richd E h 144 Alberta W"
1924 PCD pg. 502 "Conn, Richd E slsn h 144 Alberta W"
1925 PCD pg. 463 "Conn, Richd E slsmn h 144 Alberta W"
1928 PCD not listed
Mautz Oregon "Conn & Underwood, 1890, Corvallis"
Photographer's Imprints
"Wilcox & Conn, cor. 2nd & Ferry sts. Albany, Ore." cabinet card printed front
"Conn & Underwood, Cor. 2nd & Ferry, Albany Or."
News Items and Advertisements
1947: "Struck by Auto, 94-Year-Old Man Fatally Injured. Portland traffic fatalities for 1947 increase to 51. Tuesday night the death of Richard E. Conn, 94, of 6204 N Williams avenue, after he was struck by a car at N Vancouver avenue and Holman street. At this time last year the traffic toll was 58.
The driver, Alfred Babcock, 32, of 8335 SE Gray street told the police the accident occurred when he started the car after stopping at the intersection. Conn's body was either thrown or carried 49 feet, police said.
Conn was pronounced dead on arrival at Emanuel hospital." The Oregon Daily Journal, 31 December 1947, pg. 1.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Conner, Olive
Chronology
1907 Holly
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 242 Holly "Conner, Olive photographer"


Connor, Charles T.
Frost & Connor
Chronology
1896 Portland
Directory Listings
1895 PCD pg. 237 "Connor Charles T, clk, bds 1060 E Washington
1896 PCD pg. 225 "Connor, Charles T (Frost & Connor), 410 E Morrison, bds 1060 E Washington"; pg. 292 "Frost & Conner (George B Frost, Charles T Connor) photographers 410 E Morrison"; pg. 291 "Frost, George B (Frost & Connor), rms 410 E Morrison"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 63


Cook, H. M.
Chronology
1909 Pendleton
1913 John Day
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Cook, H. M., John Day O"
News Items and Advertisements
1909: (classified ads) "WANTED TO BUY a good view outfit, 5x7 to 8x10, with good anastigmat lens. State explicitly what you have. H. M. Cook, 1010 W. Railroad St., Pendleton, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 3, March 1909.


Cooper, Charles J. (c. 1852- )
Chronology
1880 Camas Valley
Official Records
1880 Federal Census, Douglas County, Camas Valley precinct, Family 18, Charles J. Cooper, age 28, male, born Ohio, father born Ireland, mother born Canada, photographer.


Cooper, C. V.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cooper, C. V. ..."


Cooper, Henry L.
Owings & Cooper
Chronology
1905 North Bend
Directory Listings
1905 POW pg. 321 North Bend "Owings & Cooper (James J Owings, Henry L Cooper) photographers"


Cooper, Raymond O.
Elite Studio
Chronology
1907-1911 Baker City
In 1917 this studio was owned by Mrs. Ella Foyen, see listing in this book.
Directory Listings
1907 POW pg. 82 Baker City "Cooper, Raymond A photographer"
1908 Baker City Directory pg. 53 "Elite Studio, Raymond O. Cooper, prop., 1915 Front" plus ad quoted below
1909 POW pg. 82 Baker City "Cooper, Raymond A photographer"
1917 Baker and Grant County Directory pg. 37 Baker "Elite Studio, The, Mrs Ella Foyen propr, 1726 Main""
Photographer's Imprints
"Elite Studio, Baker Or" signed in negative, 8x10 view (Eastern Oregon Museum in Haines, Or.)
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "The Elite Studio, at Baker city, Oregon, has just completed some extensive alterations." Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 9, September 1911
1908: "Photographs made at the Elite Studio are the BEST. Satisfaction Guaranteed, Prices are the Lowest. 1915 Front St., Baker City, Ore. Phone Main 657" R. L. Polk's Directory of Baker City, Sumpter, Huntington, Haines, and Union, LaGrande and Pendleton, (Portland; Polk 1908.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Cooper, R. O.---Baker City, Ore..."


Coos Bay Photo & Crayon Co.
Please see Hicks, L. J.
Please see McMillan, George


Coovert, Mr.
Chronology
1878 McMinnville
News Items and Advertisements
1878: "FIRE AT McMINNVILLE. (From the Yamhill Reporter) About two o'clock this morning the fire bell...<account of citizens attempting to contain the blaze> By keeping the buildings across the two streets to the north and the west well drenched, it was very evident that they could be saved and the fire confined to the group of four buildings which stood so closely together that no human power could have prevented a common fate for them. And so the large corner store was left to its doom, while the crowd bent their energies towards saving other property and rescuing goods from burning building. By the time it fel- <type compositor left out a line in the typesetting of this newspaper> Landgraf's jewelry store and Mrs. Hallpenny's building, which was occupied by Mr. Coovert as a photograph gallery, came down... Mr. Landgraf succeeded in removing the most of his goods as also did Mr. Coovert..." Oregonian, 26 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 1.


Corbett, E.
Chronology
1893 Portland
Directory Listings
1892 and prior, not listed. (Elijah Corbett is a different person.)
1893 PCD pg. 326 "Corbett, E. photographer, 508 Williams Av, res same."
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Corey
Roberts & Corey
Chronology
ca. 1867 Itinerant, Hillsboro area
Photographer's Imprints
"Roberts & Corey" signed in negative, 6x8 print on 8x10 mount, definitely mid 1860's style, ms date of around 1867 (WCM #LP72-446/493-136 plus several others)


Corey, Justin C.
Corey & Scotford
Chronology
1898 Portland
Justin's partner was John H. Scotford, who was well established in a sole proprietorship when they began this partnership.
Directory Listings
1898 PCD pg. 229 "Corey, Justin C (Corey & Scotford), bds 427 Alder"; "Corey & Scotford (J C Corey, John H Scotford), props Kore Photo Engraving Co, 127 1/2 4th"; pg. 575 "Scotford, John H (Corey & Scotford), 127 1/2 4th, res 314 Columbia."; "Scotford, Robert, bds 314 Columbia"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Corpron, O. B.
Chronology
1901 Lafayette
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 207 Lafayette "Corpron, O B photographer"


Corvallis Studio
Please see Barclay, C Edwin


Cosper, Romeo
Cosper & Taliferro
Chronology
1878-1889 Salem
Directory Listings
1889 Salem pg. 47 "Cosper, Romeo, photographer, res 485 Liberty"
1891 Salem pg. 47 not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Cosper & Taliaferro, Photographers, State Street, Salem, Oregon" printed back cabinet card.
Advertisements
1878: "Cosper & Taliaferro at the Gallery formerly occupied by W. P. Johnson & Co. are prepared to do First Class Work at Reasonable Prices. They have both worked under the best artists of San Francisco and guarantee to give satisfaction to those who patronize them. Pictures of all styles taken. Special attention given to copying and enlarging. Give them a call and be satisfied." Salem Daily Record, 24 September 1878 pg. 2 col. 3 (regular insertion, last insertion was between October 5-9, 1878)


Cottel, W. I.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cottel, W. I. ..."


Cotton, Walter S.
Chronology
1914-1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1915 PCD pg. 342 "Cotton, Walter S. (Rose) installer H T & T Co. h 6329 67th SE"
News Items and Advertisements
1914: "International Photographic Association... New Members.., 3820 W. S. Cotton, 6329 67th St. S. E., Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XXI, No. 3, March 1914 pg. 151.
1917: "International Photographic Association... Renewals... 3820 W. S. Cotton, care The Home Tel. & Tel. Co., Park and Burnside Sts. Portland, Ore." Camera Craft, April 1917 pg. 173.


Cottrell, Archie E.
Chronology
1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1914 PCD pg. 441 "Cottrell, Arch E (Minnie) photgr h 1242 E 31st N"
1915 PCD pg. 342 "Cottrell, Archie E (Minnie) photogr h 1242 E 31st N."
Photographer's Imprints
"A. E. Cottrell Photographer, Phone WDLN 2872" rubber stamp on back of mount, 5 x 7 contact print of secret society group outdoors. Cottrell was probably an itinerant photographer.


Cottrell, D. E.
This photographer is from the city of Oregon, in Missouri. He also worked in Antelope, Missouri. He was active in the 1860's and produced CDVs.


Council Crest Co.
Please see Goulty, Earl


Cousin, Albert B.
Emery - Cousin
Chronology
1892-1893 Portland
See also Emery, W. G. May be related to the Children's Gallery, same address. Robert Brown has suggested this may be the same Cousin as in Garfield, Washington.
Directory Listings
1892 PCD pg. 352 "Cousin, Albert B, photographer, res 248 E 16th"
1893 PCD pg. 331 "Cousin, Albert B, photographer, 410 E Morrison, bds 248 E 16th"
Photographer's Imprints
"Emery - Cousin Artists, Portland, East Side"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Cover, Frank C.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1899 AAP pg. 351 "Oregon Camera Club, Portland, Oregon, ... Vice President, F. C. Cover ..."
1900 Anthony pg. 269 "Oregon Camera Club, Portland, Oregon, ...Vice President, Frank C. Cover..."
1901 PCD pg. 225 "Cover, Frank C, cash Equitable Life Assur Soc, res 362 32d N"
1903-1904 PCD not listed
News Items
1898: "New Home of the Oregon Camera Club. <account of new headquarters and activities of group>... The newly elected officers of the club are: F. C. Cover, vice-president..." ... "Mr. Cover has been a member of the club for a number of years, and is a thoroughbred enthusiast. Some of his landscape work surpasses anything of kind ever seen in the clubrooms." Sunday Oregonian, 6 March 1898.
1898: "T. (sic) C. Cover's 'Scene on the Banks of the Willamette' is an attractive piece of 'scape work.", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15


Cowden, John W.
Chronology
1901-1905 Sumpter
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 428 Sumpter "Cowden, John W photographer"
1905 POW pg. 526 Sumpter "Cowden, John W photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Ratchet Wheels and shaft for Bed Boy hoist plant. Transferred from Sumpter, Or. Jan. 5, 1901. by S. T. Co. Tom McEwen Mgr. Ph'td for J. W. Cowden by Abrams." captioned in negative, 8x10 contact print (WCM # LP72-1571/1635-95)


Cowgill, H. E. Jr.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cowgill, H. E. Jr. ..."


Cowherd, Luther
Chronology
1913 Madras
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Cowherd, Luther, Madras O"


Cox
Cox Studio
Chronology
1917 Hood River
Directory Listings
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Cox Studio, Hood River O"


Cox, Alfred
Chronology
1914-1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1914 PCD not listed
1914 PCBD Photographers "Cox, Alfred, Worcester Bldg, Main 9584"
1915 PCD pg. 345 "Cox, Alf photgr 516 Worcester bldg r Davis sw cor King"
1925 PCD not listed


Cox, C. M.
Chronology
1898-1900 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By C. M. Cox, 'In the rushes'...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Special Papers
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript, pay to "C. M. Cox - Exp on Slides" noted February, March, and June 1901.
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cox, C. M. ...", "Committees...Executive Committee ... C. M. Cox...", "Lantern Slide Committee C. M. Cox chairman"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Cox, C. M. ...", "Committees...Executive Committee ... C. M. Cox...", "Lantern Slide Committee C. M. Cox chairman"


Cox, M. B., Mrs.
Chronology
1917 Salem
Directory Listings
1917 POW pg. 1535 photographers "Cox, M. B. Mrs, 418 Hubbard Bldg, Salem O"


Cramer, Mary E.
Chronology
1901 Stayton
Directory Listings
1901 POWA Stayton "Cramer, Mary E photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Cramer, Stayton, Ore." cabinet card, printed front
"Cramer, Stayton, Oreg." 4 1/2" square mount, printed back.


Crandall, A. B.
Crandall, Robert S.
Crandall & McBride
Crandall & Ellis
Chronology
1891 Hillsboro
1899 Cheboygan and Gaylord
1902 Duluth, Minn
An R. S. Crandall was president of the Los Angeles Camera Club in 1912, and is possibly a different person.
Rudolph Crandall was Robert Crandall's father, and was county judge, assessor, and held other official positions.
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 292 Hillsboro "Crandall, Rudolph, photographer" (The author believes the directory compiler made an error and listed the father's name instead of the photographer's name)
Mautz Oregon "Crandall & McBride, 1890, Hillsboro"
Photographer's Imprints
"A. B. Crandall, Hillsboro, Or." cabinet card printed front, portrait of Max Crandall (WCM LP72-409/456-29)
"A. B. Crandall, Portrait and Landscape Artist, Hillsboro, Or. Copying, Enlarging, Landscape Painting, Etc." printed back cabinet card (WCM # LP72-1467/1531-157)
"Crandall & McBride, Hillsboro, Oregon" cabinet card printed front (WCM)
"R. S. Crandall, Hillsboro, Or." printed front cabinet card (WCM #LP72-410/457-30)
"A. B. Crandall, Portrait & Landscape Artist, Hillsboro, Oregon" rubber stamp on back of mount, 6 1/2 x 8 1/2 print (WCM #LP72-410/457-30)
News Items and Advertisements
1889: "MEN WHO BEAR THE MUSKET. A complete roster of the First Regiment, Infantry, O. N. G., ... Company B, Hillsboro...A. B. Crandall, ... R. S. Crandall..." Oregonian, 4 February 1889, pg. 3, col. 2.
1899: <Crandall visiting parents, judge R. Crandall> "... A. B. Crandall has been absent several years and has been in Business at Cheboygan and Gaylord, where he now has photograph galleries ..." Argus, (Hillsboro) 9 February 1899. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1899: "Mr. A. B. Crandall hopes to make his home on the Pacific coast in a few years. " Argus, (Hillsboro) 9 February 1899. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1902: "Robert Crandall, who is well known here in Hillsboro, is now located in the photo business at Duluth, Minn., and he has sent his father, County Treasurer Crandall, a fine birds-eye photograph, panoramic, of that city. It is a fine work of art, and is indicative of a high order of work. Mr. Crandall's view of Hillsboro will be used in the book now being published by the Board of Trade.", "The copy and the photos for the pamphlet descriptive of Hillsboro and Washington county are now in the hands of the printers, and work will be rushed as rapidly as possible. The complete order will be run and bound in as short time as good workmanship will permit. The Board of Trade expects to then get the books in circulation as quickly as possible, and a large part of the edition will be sent to points on the railroads leading into Portland, for distribution to incoming homeseekers. The Southern Pacific will help in this work, and, when eastern people want a prospectus of what we have, the pamphlet will be on hand to supply the want. A photo of the 50-pound turnip railed by John Loftis, of Glenco will adorn the title page. There will be other half-tones of production, some farm scenes, a hopyard scene, and a panorama of Hillsboro, the <illegible word> of the book" Argus, (Hillsboro) 20 March 1902 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1904: "Call at the Crandall Studio and see the Photos, whether you want pictures or not. Ellis Studio, 7th street." Argus, (Hillsboro) 16 June 1904 (courtesy Eric Stewart)


Crane, Ephraim Martin
Crane, S. W.
Sawyer & Crane
Chronology
1862-1872 Roseburg
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Crane, Ephraim Martin, 1870, Oakland", "Sawyer & Crane, 1872, Oakland"
Photographer's Imprints
"S. W. Crane, Artist, Roseburg, Oregon" crude rubber stamp on CDV back, one has imprinted front with date 24 October 1862 (OHS 222-2 Chadwick, and 337-2 Dowell)
News Items and Advertisements
1870: "S. W. Crane, Between Front and Jackson streets, Roseburg and Oakland, At either of these establishments you will find a general assortment of just what the people want, and my aim is to keep the best class of goods; and, in short, if you want the Best Bargains, callla nd see Crane before purchasing your Dry Goods, Groeries, Clothing, Boots & Shoes, Crockery, Hardware, Books & Stationery, Jewelry, Clocks, Watches, Iron & Steel. And also a good assortment of Grver & Baker's New Style Sewing Machines... (many additional items)... S. W. Crane" Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 19 March 1870 (first insertion)
1872: "(large ad for general goods store of S. W. Crane) ... If you want a good picture taken and in the Latest Style, Crane is always ready and willing..." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 24 February 1872
Sawyer & S. W. Crane leased their gallery to Barney & Crist, advertisement in 1872 Umpqua Ensign (cited by Glenn Mason)
Bibliography
Mason, Glenn, interview with Martha Crane Bass, 1936 (daughter of E. M. Crane). "(Ephraim Martin Crane) had a picture gallery and a jewelry shop in Oakland which were the first of their kind in southern Oregon"
Mason, Glenn, unpublished research notes. Ephriam Martin Crane was a brother of S. W. Crane.


Craven, David H. (ca. 1866-1915)
Craven, Miss.
Cronise & Craven
Chronology
1893 Salem
Independence
1901-1915 Portland
Directory Listings
1889 and 1891 Salem, Not listed.
1893 OB Salem pg. 73 "Craven, David, photographer, bds Wm. Harris"
1893 Polk Salem pg. 55 "Craven, David, res 160 State"
1900 PCD not listed
1901 PCD pg. 227 "Craven, David H, photog Hicks-Chatten Eng Co, bds 240 1st"
1903 PCD pg. 277 "Craven, David H, photog Portland Finishing Co, res 240 Stanton"
1904 PCD pg. 309 "Craven, David H, photog Portland Finishing Co., res 240 Stanton"
1905 PCD pg. 328 "Craven, David H, photog G M Strong, res 240 Stanton"
1906 PCD pg. 331 "Craven, David H, photog G M Strong, res 240 Stanton"
1907 PCD pg. 421 "Craven, David H, photog G M Strong, res 240 Stanton"
1909 PCD pg. 440 "Craven, David H, photog G M Strong, res 435 Siskiyou."
1910 PCD pg. 316 "Craven, David H, photgr G. M. Strong, h 435 Siskiyou"
1911 PCD pg. 396 "Craven, David H photgr H B Reynolds, h 435 Siskiyou" (H B Reynolds is an Adjustment service)
1912 PCD pg. 407 "Craven, David H photgr H B Reynolds, h 435 Monroe"
1913 PCD pg. 344 "Craven, David H photgr Blumauer Photo Supply Co h 435 Monroe"
1914 PCD pg. 447 "Craven, David H photgr Blumauer Photo Supply Co h 435 Monroe"
1915 PCD pg. 348 "Craven, David H (Cinda) photgr Pike & Markham Co h 1008 E 9th"
1916 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Cronise & Craven, successors to Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" CDV printed front (OHS CDV study collection)
"D. H. Craven, Extra Finish, Independence, Oregon" printed front cabinet card
Bibliography
Seyl, Susan; The Art Perfected, Portraiture From The Cronise Studio, Portland; Oregon Historical Society 1980. pg. 9 "In 1893 the Cronises hired a young photographer, Howard D. Trover to work in the studio, replacing a Miss Cravens who had worked with Anna <Cronise> for a short time."
News Items and Advertisements
1915: "D. H. Craven Funeral Today – The funeral of D. H. Craven, a resident of this city who died Saturday night of a paralytic stroke, will be held today at 2:30 from the undertaking parlors of R. T. Byrne, Williams avenue and Knott Street. Mr. Craven was a commercial photographer, 49 years old. He is survived by a widow and three children, Everett, Vera and Ronald." The Oregonian (Portland) 27 July 1915, pg. 7, col. 2.


Crawford, George.
Chronology
1915 Arlington
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1490 photographers "Crawford, Geo. Arlington O"


Crawford, James G. (1850-1929)
Crawford & Littler
Crawford Bros.
Crawford & Paxton
Crawford & Hutchins
Chronology
1868-1869 Albany
1869 Eugene
1869-1870 Lebanon
1870-1871 Portland
1871-1880 Harisburg
1880-1885 Portland and McMinnville
1886-1925 Albany
Lebanon (Crawford & Hutchins)
Artifacts
list of numbered stereo views
FIRST SERIES - ALBANY OREGON LARGE MOUNT
5 Seal Rocks, Resort . Crawford, the Photographer Albany
6 Seal Rocks, Resort . Crawford, the Photographer Albany
7 Elephant Rock, Seal Rock. . Crawford, the Photographer Albany
11 Ladie's Train Rock, Foulweather. Crawford, the Photographer Albany
20 Crevasse on Glacier, Mt. Hood CRAWFORD BROS ARTISTS, ALBANY
23 Mitchell's Point, Columbia River CRAWFORD BROS ARTISTS, ALBANY
30 Tunnel number 3, east end Columbia River CRAWFORD BROS ARTISTS,
68 The Needles, near Bridal Veil, Crawford & Paxton, Albnay
78 Warren & Co Fish Scow at Tooth Bridge
82 Rooster Rock Columbia river Crawford & Paxton, Albany
SECOND SERIES- J. G. Crawford's Oregon Scenery
36 Bluffs on the Pacific Ocean
65 Cascade Falls near Lauterell (sic) Crawford & Paxton, Albnay
74 Warrendale Falls, Columbia River (actually Latourell Falls) Crawford & Paxton, Albnay
78 Warren & Co Fish Scow at Tooth Bridge
131 Alcove Point & Cape Foulweather
132 Heceta Light J. G. Crawford, Albany, Oregon
229 Frogg Rock Blowout Mountain, Crawford & Paxton, Albnay
251 Morrison St. Bridge, Portland Flood of 91 (Crawford & Paxton, Albany, Oregon)
CATALOGUE, ADDRESS IS NO. 26, SMITH ST., HARRISBURG
1 Albany, Oregon
2 Albany, Oregon
3 Albany, Oregon
4 Court House, Salem
5 Clarendon Hotel, Portland
6 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
7 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
8 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
9 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
10 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
11 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
12 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
13 Wilamett (sic) Falls, Ogn. City.
14 Oregon City
15 Oregon City
16 Oregon City
17 Dalles, Oregon
18 Dalles, Oregon
19 Vancouver, W. T.
20 Vancouver, W. T.
21 Cape Horn, Columbia River
22 Castle Rock, Columbia River
23 Shellrock Trail, Columbia River
24 Wind Mountain, Columbia River
25 Rooster Rock, Columbia River
26 White Salmon, Columbia River
27 Upper Cascades, Columbia River
28 Upper Cascades, Columbia River
29 Upper Cascades, Columbia River
30 Block House, Columbia River
31 Lower Cascades, Columbia River
32 Mosier Falls, Columbia River
33 Mosier Falls, Columbia River
34 Horsetail Falls, Columbia River
35 Pacific Ocean at Salmon River
36 Pacific Ocean at Salmon River
37 Pacific Ocean at Salmon River
38 O. & C. R. R., bridge, Hbg. (Harrisburg)
39 Oregon Vegetables
40 Junction City, Oregon
41 Soda Springs Sodaville
42 Soda Springs, Waterloo
43 Soda Springs, Waterloo
44 Harrisburg, Ogn.
Boudoir size views
49 O. P. R. R. Bridge, from Farmers Warehouse.
88 U. S. Lighthouse, Foulweather
137 Cape Horn and Steamer Landing
178 Willamette Falls, from Upper End of Locks
Directory Listings
1867 West Coast not listed
1878 Pacific pg. 212 Harrisburg "Crawford, J. G. photographer"
1881 Ore pg. 556 Harrisburg "Crawford, J. G., photographer" plus advertisement
1884 POWI pg. 167 Harrisburgh "Crawford, James G., photographer", pg. 200 McMinnville "Crawford, James G., photographer"
1885 PCD pg. 161 "Crawford, James G., photographer, I G Davidson, res 154 Salmon."
1886 Pacific Coast: Oregon, Albany pg. 979 "Crawford, J. G., photographer", "Crawford's Art Gallery, views of the the Pacific Northwest a specialty, send for catalogue"
1886 POWI pg. 70 Albany "Crawford Bros. (James G. Crawford, Orville Crawford), photographers" plus display ad quoted below.
1888 POWI pg. 86 Albany "Crawford, James G., photographer"
1889 POWI Albany "Crawford & Paxton" (Multnomah library copy - city directory page missing)
1891 POWI pg. 147 Albany "Crawford & Paxton (Jas G. Crawford, Andrew B. Paxton), photographers"
1901 POWA pg. 104 Albany "Crawford, James G photographer"
1903 POW pg. 104 Albany "Crawford, James G photogr"
1905 POW pg. 104 Albany "Crawford, James G photogr"
1907 POW pg. 104 Albany "Crawford, James G photogr"
(please note- it is correct that all four of the above entries are on page 104 of each book, this is not an error)
1909 POW pg. 52 Albany "Crawford, James G photogr"
1910 Or. pg. 267 Albany photographers "Crawford, J. G., State Bank Bldg."
1911 POW pg. 51 Albany "Crawford, Jas G photographer"
1913 POW pg. 154 Albany "Crawford, Jas. G. photographer and curios 207 W 1st"
1915 POW pg. 123 Albany "Crawford, Jas. G. curios"
1917 POW pg. 99 Albany "Crawford, Jas. G. curios"
1925 POW pg. 170 Albany "Crawford, Jas G photog 207 W 1st"
Mautz Oregon "Crawford, J. G., 1875-1880, Harrisburg & Albany", "Crawford & Paxton, 1885, Albany"
Photographer's Imprints
"Wiley B. Allen, Music Publisher, 153 Third St., Portland., Sole Agent for Crawford's stereoscopic views of Oregon Scenery and Celebrities" Crawford stereo card with imprinted back.
"Crawford & Paxton Photos, 72 First St., Briggs Building, Albany, Oregon." cabinet printed front
"Crawford, Albany Oregon" printed front cabinet card, ms date 1889.
"J. G. Crawford's Oregon Scenery. No. 26 Smith Street, Linn County, Oregon. Photographic Views of Oregon, Washington Territory, Pacific Ocean generally - embracing Columbia river, Willamette river, Pacific Coast at Salmon river, Salem, Albany, Oregon City, Santiam river etc. Send for Catalogue." printed front stereo card.
"J. G. Crawford, Albany, Oreg." blind stamp on mount, 2- 4 1/2" x 6 1/2" prints mounted horizontally as a panoramic pair on 7 1/2" x 16" mount (OHS)
"Crawford, Ground Floor, Cor 2nd and Lyon Streets, Albany, Oregon" printed on front of 7" x 9" mount, 4 1/2" x 6 1/2" home portrait of Oak Creek residence (OHS)
"Crawford & Littler, The leading Photographers, Albany, Oregon. ..." cabinet card, imprinted front and back, ms date "taken Feb 18, 1889"
"Crawford & Hutchins, Lebanon, Ogn." cabinet card, printed front, late style, possibly after 1905 "Crawford & Hutchins, Photographers, Lebanon, Oregon" rubber stamp on portrait back.
Boudoir views are noted which have Crawford's imprint crossed out and "Harnish" appended in ink. (WCM)
News Items and Advertisements
1869: James G. Crawford advertises that he has opened a gallery in J. A. Winters rooms in Eugene. Eugene Guard, April 1869 (Winter had moved into A. B. Paxton's gallery in Albany not long before) (courtesy Eric Gustafson)
1877: "Jas. Crawford, Harrisburg's shadow-catcher, was down visiting his father's family during the first of the week." State Rights Democrat, (Albany) 17 August 1877 pg. 3 col. 2
1877: (account of correspondents trip to Harrisburg, and old friends they encountered) ..."Jimmy Crawford..." State Rights Democrat, (Albany) 14 September 1877 pg. 3 col. 3
1877: "Fine Pictures. We received this week several fine photographic views of Oregon scenery from Mr. J. G. Crawford, artist at Harrisburg, also a miniature pamphlet containing suggestions to his patrons and the patrons of the art generally. Mr. C. has made Oregon landscapes and scenery a speciality, and has a large number of pictures on hand which he offers at prices so low that everybody can adorn their houses with really fine pictures." Eugene City Guard, 20 October 1877
1877: "Fine Views - A few days ago we received several stereo-scopic views from the gallery of J. G. Crawford, at Harrisburg, which are very interesting to us. They were taken at different points in the large hop yard belonging to the Lee brothers, at Lancaster, Lane county, and to one who has never had an opportunity of seeing a large hop field these views will prove valuable. Crawford's views of Oregon scenery are acquiring quite a reputation, and he is selling a great many. Any one who wishes to add to their stock of stereoscopic views will find it to their advantage to write to him at Harrisburg." State Rights Democrat, (Albany) 26 October 1877 pg. 3 col. 2
1877: "J. G. Crawford, the Photographer of Harrisburg, sent to this office last week some very fine photos, comprising two of Messrs. Lee Bros hop yard at Lancaster, in this county. They are natural as life, and we do not hesitate to say that Mr. Crawford is an artist of rare ability." Oregon State Journal, (Eugene) 27 October 1877
1877: "Mr. J. G. Crawford, of Harrisburg, has our thanks for a number of fine stereoscopic views of Oregon and Washington Territory scenery. Mr. C. came up for the purpose of taking a picture of the State University and its surroundings, but in consequence of the unfavorable weather had to postpone it. He left a large number of fine pictures at Crain's jewelry store for sale." Eugene City Guard, 22 December 1877
1878: "Mr. Crawford, a Harrisburg photographer, has been taking views of our new district school house this week." Eugene City Guard, 16 November 1878
1881: "photography is carried on more perfectly here than in other places of it's size. In stereoscopic views J. G. Crawford is a great success" 1881 Oregon State Directory, Portland; Gill, 1881 pg. 555
1886: "Crawford Bros. Views of the Pacific Northwest. The finest in the West, Embracing Columbia River, Mt. Hood, Pacific Coast and Landscape Views, Generally in three sizes, Imperial, Boudoir, and Stereoscopic. Send for Catalogues. Albany, Oregon" Polk, R. L. & Co., Oregon, Washington, and Idaho Gazetteer 1886-7, Portland: R. L. Polk 1886 pg. 71.
1888: "J.G. Crawford returned home from Harrisburg To-day, where he has been taking pictures for a couple weeks." Albany States-Rights Democrat(Albany OR) 03 August 1888, pg. 3, col. 6.
1888: "Mr. J.W. Littler, recently of Florida, who has been prospecting here for several weeks, has purchased Mr. A.B. Paxton's interest in the photograph business here, and hereafter the firm will be Crawford and Littler. Mr. Paxton will remain in the city this summer at least." Albany States-Rights Democrat(Albany OR) 03 August 1888, pg. 4, col. 6.
1888: "Crawford and Littler left a few days ago for Mt. Hood, which they will ascend and photograph." Albany States-Rights Democrat(Albany OR) 17 August 1888, pg. 3, col. 6.
1888: "Mt. Hood - Messrs. Crawford and Littler the photographers returned home last Tuesday from an eventful trip up Mt. Hood, the pride of the Northwest. Both were elated with their experiences. Mr. Littler, who came from sunny Florida particularly so. They ascended the mountain 11,500 feet, and took ninety-nine views while gone, some of which will be very fine. Among other trophies of their trip they brought back the jaw-bone of some strange beast, found at the snow-line, and some sulphur (sic) from the crater. They could have gone to the top, but were ready to return home so gave it up. Mr. Henry Conner, of Portland arrived in Albany on the same train on a visit. He is also just back from a trip to Mt. Hood, which with five other young men of Portland he ascended to the very apex. It was some sulphur (sic) which he plucked from the crater that Mr. Crawford displayed to a Democrat man. The atmosphere on the mountain is fine, and the tip is one it will pay any one to make." Albany States-Rights Democrat(Albany OR) 24 August 1888, pg. 3, col. 2.
1890: "Crawford & Paxton, The Leading PHOTOGRAPHERS ALBANY, OREGON. We have bought all the negatives made by L. W. Clark and Greenwood (ed. note- these were two separate outfits, Clark did not have a partnership with Greenwood) up to date (Nov 15, 1889). Duplicates can be had from them only of us, at reduced rates. We also have about 1800 negatives made by ourselves, from which duplicates can be had at like rates. We carry the only full line of view of the state, and do enlarged work at lowest rates for first-class work. We shall be pleased to see you at our studio in Froman's block, next door to the Masonic Temple" Morning Daily Herald (Albany) 10 Jan 1890 pg.3 col 5-6, (ad ran through at least 26 March)
1891: "J. G. Crawford went to Newport yesterday for a few days. He will take views of the bay" Morning Daily News, (Albany) 14 Aug 1891 pg. 4 col. 1.
1898: "T.L. Dugger was in Lebanon Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. Dugger are now stooping (sic) in Corvallis, taking care of Mrs. Duggers' mother, Mrs. Crawford, who is seriously ill." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR), 1 July 1898, pg. 3, col. ?
1898: "The Misses Crawford and Hutchins have taken charge of Mr. Boyd's gallery and are now ready to do all kinds of photo werk(sic). We especially call your attention to our new Platino Photos, which are the latest out." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR), 8 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Mrs. J.G. Reed conducted the funeral of Mrs. D. Crawford, in Albany this forenoon." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR), 15 July 1898, pg. 2, col. ?
1898: "Miss Lillian Crawford went to Albany yesterday morning upon hearing of the death of her grandmother." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 15 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: " Misses Crawford and Hutchins, the two Albany young ladies who have taken charge of Mr. Boyd's gallery, are doing a good business and turning out some exceedingly fine work." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 15 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "DEATH OF MRS. CRAWFORD" - article quoted from "Thursday's Democrat". Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 15 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 3.
1898: "J.G. Crawford, the well-known photographer, has disposed of his interest in his finely equipped gallery in Albany to his partner C.S. Harnish. Mr. Crawford is in Lebanon for a few days assisting Misses Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 22 July 1898, pg. 2, col. 2.
1898: "Miss Lillian Crawford and Miss Hutchins, who have opened a photo gallery in Lebanon, are gaining the reputation of doing excellent work. 'Herald'. " Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 22 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Prof. Helen Crawford, of the O.A.C., is visiting relatives and friends in Lebanon." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 29 July 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "Dr. Foley has sold the old photograph gallery and house on Main Street to John Mayer. Mr. Mayer will tear down the old buildings and erect a new dwelling on the property." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 05 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: (continued) "'You'll regret it if you let the days go by without getting those photographs taken which you have in mind. Time brings changes. Think what may happen. We give great care to obtain the most becoming to the subject. We have been particularly successful with children's pictures'. Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 05 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Photographer J.G. Crawford returned from the bay Tuesday loaded down with the finest views to be had. While there he captured a devil fish and found several agates."'Herald'. Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 12 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Miss Crawford was in Albany from Saturday until Tuesday." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 12 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "Photographer Crawford is again in Lebanon, assisting Misses Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 12 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "On account of being sick, Miss Crawford is staying at her home in Albany for awhile." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 19 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: "Miss Hutchins is spending a few days at her home near Fry Station." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 26 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 1.
1898: Crawford and Hutchins ad (as Aug. 5).Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 26 August 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "J.G. Crawford will soon open a photograph gallery in Albany." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 02 September 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.
1898: "'We wish to say to our friends and patrons that we will be in Lebanon only three weeks more, our lease of the gallery expiring the last of this month. Please call and have your pictures made before it is too late for us to finish them for you.' Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 09 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "'When distance separates beloved friends and relatives it is a consolation to always have their portraits. While they are here, let us take their photos. We make beautiful, permanent pictures that always please. Children's' pictures a specialty'. Crawford and Hutchins." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 16 September 1898, pg. 2, col. 2.
1898: Repeat of Sept. 9 ad with correction to "two weeks". Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 16 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Photographer Crawford went to Oregon City the first of the week to take a picture of the Hoag." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 23 September 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.
1898: Repeat of Sept. 9 ad with correction to "one week". Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 23 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 2.
1898: "Misses Crawford and Hutchins, who have been running H.J. Boyd's photograph gallery for the past three months, leave today for their home in Albany. They are fine young ladies, and besides doing first-class photograph work, they have made many friends in our city. Mr. Boyd will hereafter have charge of the gallery." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 23 September 1898, pg. 3, col. 3.
1898: "J.G. Crawford opened his new photograph gallery in Albany yesterday. It is located on Second Street." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 07 October 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.
1929: obituary in Albany Democrat, 4 or 5 January 1929.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Crawford, J. G.---Albany, Ore..."
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers," Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 44-45.
Stanard, Everett Earle, "Work Of Pioneer Indian Mound Excavator Praised", unidentified newspaper clipping, Oregon Historical Society scrapbook 260, pg. 34. Summary: Crawford was an amateur archaeological researcher. He explored Indian mounds and graves. Prior to 1880, when Crawford moved to Harrisburgh, he explored mounds in the Brownsville-Albany area. His findings are held by a local museum. He personally excavated 30-50 mounds.
"Carriage Day Cameramen," Oregon Journal 26 June 1949, magazine pg. 9.
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 736-737 "JAMES G. CRAWFORD, photographic artist, Albany, Oregon was born in Hancock county, Illinois, in 1850.
His father, Dr. G. F. Crawford...in the spring of 1852 he started with his wife and two children for Oregon. His outfit consisted of two wagons, six yoke of oxen, and five yoke of cows. Emigration was large that year, and the Indians gave them little trouble. Continuing by the usual Oregon trail and crossing the Cascade mountains by the Barlow route, they landed at Foster's late in September, 1852. Dr. Crawford proceeded from there to Albany Prairie, and located on 320 acres of land, five miles west of Lebanon. There he commenced farming and continued to reside until 1873, when he bought property on the corner of Fifth and Ellsworth streets (where he now resides), and moved to town to educate his children. He conducted his farming operations, however, until 1885, when he retired and his sons took charge of the farm. Dr. and Mrs. Crawford have five children, viz: Georgiana, wife of T. L. Dugger, proprietor of the Scio Press; James G., whose name heads this article; William W., Orville, and Helen. The Doctor has served two terms in the State Legislature. In 1873 he was an important factor in organizing the Albany Farmer's Company, and is still a member of its Board of Directors.
James G. has only a brief recollection of crossing the plains. His early education was obtained in the district schools, and was supplemented by a three years' course at the Lebanon Academy. In 1868 he began learning the art of photography, in the gallery of A. B. Paxton, of Albany, and was with him and his successor, J. A. Winter, seven months. He then went to Eugene, and opened a gallery, which in 1869, he removed to Lebanon. In the spring of 1870 he went to Portland, and in the gallery of Joseph Buchtel, one of the pioneer photographers of the State, was employed until the fall of 1871. From that time until 1883 he conducted a gallery in Harrisburg. In order to get the benefit of new ideas, and to further perfect himself in his chosen art, he went to Portland, and was employed in the gallery of I. G. Davidson until 1885. Returning to Albany, that year, in partnership with his brother Orville, he purchased the gallery of A. B. Paxton, and under the firm name of Crawford Brothers did business until May, 1888, when he purchased his brother's interest. His present partnership was formed in 1889. The firm does an extensive and general business, making a specialty of Oregon views, and having agencies in Portland and San Francisco.
Mr. Crawford was married, in Lebanon, in 1871, to Miss Clara McDonald, daughter of J. N. McDonald, daughter of J. N. McDonald, a pioneer of 1852. They have had seven children, six of whom are living, viz: Carey, Lillian, Bert, Harry, Jerald and Hazle. Mr. Crawford has just completed a pleasant home on the corner of Oak and Willamette streets, where he resides with his family."
Lockley, Fred: "The Story of Albany's Pioneer Photographer", Albany Democrat, 6 July 1924 "J. G. Crawford of Albany probably holds the record for Oregon for length of service as a photographer. He has been taking pictures for more than 56 years. Not only is he a photographer, he is also a scientist and is deeply versed in ethnology, paleontology, geology and minerology. I spent a recent evening with Mr. Crawford in his gallery at Albany.
'I was christened James Gilmore Crawford, Gilmore being my mother's maiden name,' said Mr. Crawford. 'I was born on February 21, 1850, in Hancock county, Illinois, and was one of nine children. My father, Dr. George F. Crawford, was born in Vermont. My mother, Mary Ellen Gilmore was a native of Kentucky. My father had trouble with his lungs, and the doctors thought he would not last long, so they advised a change of climate. He started across the plains for Oregon in 1852. Living in the open, as he did for six months, completely cured him, and he arrived in Oregon with robust health. He bought a squatter's right from Mr. Brock, nine miles from Albany and to the west of Lebanon...
In 1868, when I was 18, I went to work for A. B. Paxton, the photographer, here in Albany. In the spring of 1869 I moved to Eugene and started a photograph gallery of my own. I had rather hard sledding in Eugene, for there were a lot of things the pioneers thought they needed more than photographs, and in 1869 Eugene City was a rather small place. That fall I moved my gallery to Lebanon. By the next spring I had taken photographs of all the people in Lebanon who felt like spending the money for pictures, so I moved to Portland in the spring of 1870 and went to work for Joe Buchtel and Dr. J. R. Cardwell, who were partners in a photograph gallery. My fellow-worker was Carl Bosco, who later became a famous magician and sleight-of-hand performer. If those old negatives are still in existence you will find that we took pictures of Joe Meek, and most of the well known pioneers of that day.
'On September 10, 1871, I was married to Clara D. MacDonald, whose father came to Oregon before the discovery of gold in California. Shortly after our marriage we moved to Harrisburg, where I ran a gallery till 1880... In 1889 we moved back to Portland and I worked a couple of years for I. G. Davidson. In the winters I worked in the Portland gallery, and during the summers I ran his branch gallery in McMinnville. I started my gallery here in Albany 40 years ago. During the time I have been here the other photograph gallery had 23 different owners.
'When I was at Harrisburg I commenced what has proved to be my life work-the collecting and classifying of the relics of the Indians and Mound Builders. When I came to Albany I sent back to Washington, D. C., and procured reports of the Smithsonian Institution, and also purchased a good-sized library on ethonology and paleontology. I put in all my spare time studying about primitive man. I discovered that between here and Brownsville there are at least 35 mounds built by some race that inhabited the Willamette valley many centuries ago. There are at least 75 of these mounds in Linn county... (5 more paragraphs about his scientific investigations and interests)." (courtesy Eric Gustafson)
Culp, Edwin D., Stations West; The Story of the Oregon Railways, (Caldwell;Caxton 1972) photo of Crawford & Paxton studio exterior reproduced pg. 227.


Crawford, Orville (c.1858- )
Crawford Bros.
Chronology
1886 Albany (Crawford Bros)
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Crawford, Orville, 1875, Albany"
Official Records
1870 Federal Census, Linn County, Albany pct., family 412, Crawford, Orville, age 12, male, born Oregon, occupation school. (George F Crawford, a farmer, is father, Mary is mother, William W. is 13 year old brother, Ellen is 3 year old sister.)
News Items and Advertisements
1877: (account of preparations for the fair) ..."the Crawford brothers, of this city, are training their fine black stallion, 'Pathfinder', unquestionably the handsomest horse in Oregon. This animal is 6 years old, and made his mile at the early age of 3 years in 3 minutes and 10 seconds." State Rights Democrat, (Albany) 24 August 1877 pg. 3 col. 2


Crego, Gibson S.
Chronology
1912-1917 Portland
Directory Listings
1911 PCD pg. 398 "Crego, Gibson S clk Portland Coml Club h 736 E Main"
1912 PCD pg. 409 "Crego, Gibson S clk Portland Coml Club h 1036 Vancouver av"
1913 PCD pg. 346 "Crego, Gibson S photgr Portland Coml Club h 1036 Vancouver av"
1914 PCD pg. 449 "Crego, Gibson S (Emma C) mngr Portland Press Bureau photgr Publicity Dept Portland Coml Club h 896 Haight av"
1915 PCD pg. 349 "Crego, Gibson S (Emma C) mngr Port Press Bureau Photgr Publicity Dept Portland Coml Club h 896 Haight av"
1916 PCD pg. 354 "Crego, Gibson S (Emma C) photgr h 896 Haight av"
1917 PCD pg. 305 "Crego, Gibson S (Emma C) photgr 301 Oregon bldg h 246 E 51st"


Creighton, J. C.
Chronology
1901 The Dalles
News Items and Advertisements
1901: account of awards at the county fair. "Works of Art ... photographic views by amateur, J. C. Creighton, 2nd." The Dalles Chronicle, 5 October 1901.


Crist
Barney & Crist
Chronology
1872 Oakland
1873 Portland?
Directory Listings
1873 PD pg. 39 additions and removals supplement "Crist, Dewitt, painter, bds Cosmopolitan" (not sure it is same person)
1874 PD not listed
Mautz Oregon "Barney & Crist, 1872, Oakland"
News Items and Advertisements
Sawyer & S. W. Crane leased their gallery to Barney & Crist, advertisement in 1872 Umpqua Ensign (cited by Glenn Mason)


Crocket, Ethel M.
Chronology
1905-1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1903-1904 PCD not listed
1905 PCD pg. 330 "Crocket, Ethel M, appr Marion Wintler, bds 463 Oxford"
1906 PCD pg. 334 "Crocket, Ethel M, bds 463 Oxford"
1907 PCD pg. 422 "Crocket, Ethel retoucher Mrs. R M Hogan", bds 463 Oxford"
1909 PCD pg. 442 "Crocket, Ethel M retoucher, bds 463 Oxford"
1910 PCD pg. 319 "Crocket, Ethel retoucher R M Hogan b 463 Simpson"
1911 PCD not listed


Cromwell, Oscar
Chronology
1860's Salem
Lakeview
In the 1865 East Cascades directory is listed a different Cromwell, name W. J. Cromwell, in Idaho City. Hart lists W. J. as being in Idaho City in 1864, and in Pioneer City, Idaho, in 1866.
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Cromwell, 1870, Salem", "Crawford, 1880 Lakeview", "Cromwell, O. 1880, Bonanza"
Photographer's Imprints
"Oscar Cromwell, Photo" cabinet card, stamped imprint on back
"Cromwell, Lakeview, Oregon" cabinet card, engraved back
"Gray & Cromwell, Photographers, State Street, Salem, Oregon." (CDV, rubber stamp imprint on back, subject died 1867) (OHS collection)
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Oscar Cromwell was born in 1838. He was active in Millville Ca on 12 April 1879, also in 1880. Cabinet card imprinted Bonanza, Oregon. Active Redding CA in 1884. Traveled Millville, Shasta, 1877-1916.


Cronise, Thomas J. ( -1927)
Cronise, Anna Louise
Trover-Cronise Studio
Cronise & Cronise
Chronology
1902-1923 Salem
Directory Listings
1886 Marion Cty pg. 56 "Cronise, T. J., printer"
1889 Salem pg. 48 "Cronise, Thomas J., Book and Job printer 321 Commercial, res w s Front s w cor North, N Salem" plus ad quoted below.
1891 Salem pg. 54 "Cronise, Thomas J. Job Printer 3212 1/2 Commercial, res Front, s w cor Academy, Riverside add." plus display ad
1893 Polk Salem pg. 55 "Cronise & Cook (Thomas J. Cronise, Gaylord W. Cooke) Job Printers, 323 Commercial", "Cronise & Cronise (Thomas J. and Anna L.), Photographers, 160 State" plus display ad quoted below.
1893 OB Salem pg. 73 "Cronice (sic), Anna, photographer, cor High and State, bds Wm Harris, rms State Ins building" plus display ad quoted below., "Cronice (sic), Thomas J. (Cronice (sic) & Coake) res n s of Union 2 e of Commercial.", "Cronice (sic) & Cooke (Thomas J. Cronice (sic) and Gaylord W. Cooke, job printers, 923 Commercial"
1903 POW pg. 406 Salem "Cronise, Tom, Photo Studio, The, Thomas J Cronise propr, 227 Commercial over Dairymples Store" + display ad pg. 406
1907 POW pg. 544 Salem "Cronise, Thomas J photographer 193 N Commercial"
1909 POW pg. 482 Salem "Trover-Cronise Studio, H D Trover prop, Eldridge Bldg"
1910 Or pg. 292 Salem Photographers "Cronise, Tom J., Bush & Breyman Bldg."
1911 POW pg. 469 Salem "Cronise, Thomas J., photographer, 193 N Commercial."
1911 Salem pg. 88 "Cronise, Thomas J photogr Bush-Bray bldg, res 195 N Front", "Cronise, Louise, bds 195 N Front", "Cronise, Harry, student, bds 195 N Front", "Cronise, Ralph, salsn, bds 195 N Front"
1913 POW pg. 1951 photographers "Cronise, T. J., Salem O"
1913 Salem pg. 80 "Cronise, Thomas J. (Nellie M) photgr Bush-Bray bldg, r 195 N Front", "Cronise, Louise, tchr dancing, bds 195 N Front"
1915 POW pg. 1492 photographers "Cronise, T. J., Salem O"
1917 POW pg. 1535 photographers "Cronise, T. J., 193 N Commercial, Salem O"
Mautz Oregon "Cronise, 1895, Salem"
Photographer's Imprints
"Cronise & Craven, successors to Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" CDV printed front (OHS CDV study collection)
OVERPRINT: "Cronsie, Successor to" overprinted on "Catterlin, Salem, Oregon" with F. J. C. monogram. printed front cabinet card
News Items and Advertisements
1889: "T. J. Cronise, the Leading Book and Job Printer, office up stairs in State Insurance Building, 321 Commercial Street, Salem, Oregon, Good Work, Fair Prices, Prompt and Reliable" Salem City and Marion County Directory 1889-1890, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1889 (same ad appears in 1891 directory)
1893; "ARISTO, CRONISE & CRONISE, The Photographers, ARISTO means the Latest known Process in Photography. With the Largest and Best Instruments and Scenery in the State, we are enabled to give entire Satisfaction to all our Customers. Special Attention Given to Large Work. Bring your Babies. Prices Always Reasonable. 160 State Street, Salem Oregon." Salem City and Marion County Directory 1891, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. 1891 (note this ad appeared verbatim 2 years earlier for Catterlin & Lussier's advertisement in the Polk directory) (same ad appeared in 1892 Polk directory for Salem)
1893: "Go to the Cronice (sic) Photograph Gallery, Corner High and State Sts., Salem, Or., For Your Photographs" Wm. G. Obenauer & Co.'s Salem and Marion County 1893, Portland; Wm G. Obenauer & Co. n.d.
1903: (review of First Convention of The Photographers Ass'n of California) "The following is a list of exhibitors from the East and the Pacific Northwest...Cronist (sic) Salem, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. VIII, No 1, December 1903, pg. 29-30.
1903: "Tom J. Cronise, Proprietor of The Tom Cronise Photo Studio. Aristo Platino, Platinum, and Carbons. Babies and Groups Given Special Attention. Over Dairymple's (sic) Store, Salem Ore" Polk Oregon Washington Gazetteer, 1903, pg. 406 display ad
1910: "Tom Cronise Studio, corner Court & Commercial" The Clarion (Salem school periodical, March 1910)
1912: (classified ad) "FOR SALE One 10x12 group lens, one projecting lens. Will trade for 5x7 anasigmat. Also Aristo lamp, lamp jacket, and cone. T. J. Cronise, Salem, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 5, May 1912.
1912: (classified ad) "FOR SALE "One of the best studios in Oregon; capital city, population 18,000 and growing rapidly; north light, ideal location, fine equipment up to 11 x 14. If taken soon will sell for $1,500.00. This is a bargain. Address T. J. Cronise, Salem, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 5, May 1912.
1912: "Mrs. Cronise and daughter, of Salem, have returned from a two month's trip to the mountains. Tom stayed at home and worked" Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 10, October 1912, pg. 486.
1914: "(classified ads) PHOTO PRINTING PRESS A Dye, for sale; capacity 1,800 per hour; practically new, only used a few weeks. This is an A-1 machine, and any one doing post card or theatrical work in quantities cannot afford to do without it. It is a time saver and money maker if you have the work to do for it; takes negatives up to 8x10; reason for selling is that I have gone out of the post card business; has the automatic attachment and is a fine machine. Call on or address, T. J. Cronise, Salem, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XXI, No. 3, March 1914 pg. 157.
1927: "(classified ads) One of the oldest studios in Oregon, in city of 25,000 with trade area of 55,000 people. Owner seriously ill. Good equipment and location, cheap rent. Negative files date back about 50 years. Address R. R. Cronise, Albany, Oregon." Camera Craft, Vol. XXXIV, No. 8, August 1927.
Bibliography
Seyl, Susan; The Art Perfected, Portraiture From The Cronise Studio, Portland; Oregon Historical Society 1980. 147 page monograph on Cronise, illustrated with high quality plates. Includes biography. Summary: Thomas Cronise's sister, Anna Louise, moved to Salem from Ohio in 1892. She worked for photographer Francis J. Catterlin in 1892, and purchased the studio less than one year later. Thomas Cronise, who was a successful book and job printer, began to assist his sister. By 1893 he was in partnership with Anna, as Cronise & Cronise. Their employee was Miss Cravens. In 1893 they hired Howard D. Trover to replace Miss Cravens. Howard Trover married Anna Cronise in December 1893.
Tom Cronise decided to pursue photography as an occupation, and bought the Elite studio in May 1902, from Hart and McLennon. He re-named the business The Tom Cronise Photo Studio. It was located in the Bush-Brey building on Commercial street at the corner of Court.
The Trovers (Anna and Howard) continued to operate their Cronise Studio until 1907, when they re-named it the Trover-Cronise studio. It was located in the Eldridge Building on Commercial street at the corner of Chemeketa.
Tom Cronise operated the studio until his death in 1927, Nellie Cronise (wife of Tom) until 1930, Harry Cronise (son of Tom and Nellie) after 1930.
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Cronise, Thos.---Salem, Ore..."
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 80
Goodman, Theodosia, Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers, Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49 No. 1 March, 1948 pg. 40, 47.


Crosby, A. C., Mrs.
Chronology
1901 The Dalles
News Items and Advertisements
1901: account of awards at the county fair. "Works of Art. Photographic view collection by amateur, Mrs. A. C. Crosby, 1st." The Dalles Chronicle, 5 October 1901.


Crosley, Harry A. (1866-1953)
Fritz & Crosley
Crosley & Pope
Chronology
1888 Independence
1889 Hillsboro Fritz & Crosley
1890-1901 Forest Grove
1917-1921 Tacoma WA
1929 Auburn WA
1930 Snohomish WA
Crosley's father was W. H. Crosley, a civil war veteran and Postmaster of Forest Grove. Crosley's gallery was upstairs in the post office building. Their home was several doors west of the gallery.
Directory Listings
1889 POWI pg. 262 Hillsboro "Fritz & Crosley, photographers"
1891 POWI pg. 259 Forest Grove "Crosley, Harry A., photographer"
Official Records
"State of Washington, Department of Health. Certificate of Death. Washington State Department of Health Public Health Statistics Section. State File Number:22627; Registrar's No.: 1797; Reg. Dist No.: M-1; 1) Place of Death: a. county: Pierce; b. city: Tacoma; c. length of stay;<not filled in> d. full name of hospital or institution: Bellvue San. 515 So. 64th St. 2) Usual Residence: a. state: Washington; b. county: Pierce; c. city or town: Tacoma; d. street address: 4912 North 33rd St.; 3) Name of Deceased: a.: Harry; b. middle:; c.: Crosley; 4) Date of Death: Dec. 27, 1953; 5) Sex: Male; 6) Color or Race: white; 7) Married, Never Married, Widowed, Divorced (specify): married; 8) Date of Birth: May 11, 1866; 9) Age: 87; 10) Usual Occupation: retired photographer; 11) Birthplace: Illinois; 12) Citizen of What Country: USA; 13) Father's Name: William Crosley; 14) Mother's Maiden Name: not known; 15) Was Deceased Ever In U. S. Armed Forces? <not filled in>; 16) Social Security Number: <not filled in>; 17) Informant: Neil Crosby ---Tacoma, Wn.; 18) Cause of Death: I. Disease or Condition Directly Leading To Death: a. <illegible words>; Antecedent Causes: b. <illegible words> c. <no entry>; II. Other Significant Conditions: <no entry>; 19) a. date of operation: <no entry>; b. major findings of operation: <no entry>; 20) Autopsy?: No; 21) <not filled in>; 22) I hereby certify that I attended the deceased from 8/25, 1952, to 12/27, 1953, that I last saw the deceased alive on 12/24, 1953, and that death occurred at 3:20 pm., from the causes and on the date stated above.; 23) a. signature: <illegible words>, MD; b. address: Tacoma, Wn.; c. date signed: 12/28/53; 24) a. Cremation; b. date: Dec. 30 /53; c. name of cemetery or crematory: <illegible words>; d. location (city, town or county): Tacoma, (state): Washington; Date Rec'd by Local Reg.: Dec 28, 1953; Registrar's Signature: <illegible words>; 25) Funeral Director: Cassedy and Allen, (address): Tacoma, Wn." (courtesy Eric Stewart)
Photographer's Imprints
"H. A. Crosley, Photo" cabinet card printed front (no city indicated), ms date July 4th, 1890 (WCM #LP 72-808/861-72)
"H. A. Crosley, Independence, Or." cabinet card printed front.
"Fritz & Crosley, over the Post Office, Forest Grove, Oregon" cabinet card printed front (WCM #LP 72-129/126-16)
"H. A. Crosley, Photographer, over the Post Office, Forest Grove, Oregon" printed back of mount, 7 x 9 1/4" print (WCM #LP 72-1254/1314-16)
"Crosley & Pope, Photo" printed front, cabinet card (WCM #LP91-26.1/16371)
News Items and Advertisements
1891: "SONS OF VETERANS Chickamauga Camp No. 14 meets alternate Wednesday evenings at I. O. O. F. hall. Wm. Bond, Q. M., Harry Crosley, Capt." Forest Grove Times, 15 May 1891. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1893: "CROSLEY'S PHOTO STUDIO. is the neatest, and best-equipped, west of Portland. All kinds of photographic work done with neatness and dispatch. Special attention also given to enlarged portraits in crayon and water colors. I employ none but the best artists to do this line of work and do not handle any botched up work, but furnish the best as prices within the reach of all. Why send your work away, when you can get better, and cheaper here. A poor picture is dear at any price. OVER THE POST-0FFICE, FOREST GROVE, OR." The Index, (Forest Grove, Pacific University periodical) Vol. 1, No. 2, February 1893. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1895: "The New Band Orchestra... Harry Crosley, bass... " Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 12 April 1895 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1896: "Mrs. Harry Crosley will leave Thursday to join her husband in Ilwaco, Wash. where he is engaged in business as a photographer", "Mr. E. A. Jerome has moved into Harry Crosley's home" Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 20 February 1896. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1896: "Mr. & Mrs. Crosley, who are now residents of Ilwaco, Wash., are visiting Mr. W. H. Crosley" Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 23 April 1896 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1896: "Tuesday afternoon a lamp exploded in the photograph gallery over the Post Office and set fire to a half gallon can of asphaltum which was setting near. Harry Crosley, who is again in charge of the studio, rushed in and tried to smother the burning liquid, now running over the floor, with a rug. Finally he succeeded and then threw the blazing rug out of the window. An alarm had been turned in and hosecart and truck brought out quickly, but there was no occasion for their services. Loss is under $15, but it was a narrow escape from an expensive fire." Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 3 September 1896. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1896: "H. A. Crosley, the photographer, has rented his old stand over the postoffice and is now prepared to do all kinds of photographing with neatness and dispatch. Mr. Crosley needs no recommendation, having built and run this same gallery for a number of years, and the quality of his work has always been equal to the best." Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 3 September 1896. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1896: "Harry Crosley is doing some carpentry work for Mr. Brown adding to his residence in the north part of town" Washington County Hatchet, 22 October 1896
1896: "Forest Grove Tent No. 21 Knights of the Maccabees at its review Friday elected officers for the first term of the coming year:... Record Keeper- H. A. Crosley..." Washington County Hatchet, 17 December 1896 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1897: "H. A. Crosley has employed Mr. Fritz to take charge of his studio while he is busy on the outside. All work will be promptly attended to, and finished in short order." Washington County Hatchet, 8 April 1897 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1897: "Harry Crossley is busy on a thousand feet of fencing he is putting in on his own place and those of his father, Mr. W. H. Crossley and Mr. John Anderson." Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 17 June 1897 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1897: "Officers of the Forest Tent No. 21 K. O. T. M., elected Tuesday were:... H. A. Crosley, record keeper..." Washington County Hatchet, (Forest Grove) 17 December 1897
1919: "Mrs. Florence Bell Crosley, age 46, wife of Harry, a photographer on 11th. St. between I and J, died Thursday..." Tacoma News Tribune, (Tacoma WA) 23 May 1919 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "Word was just received of the death of Mrs. H. Crosley, who died at Tacoma after a long illness. She was a niece of Mrs. W. R. Whitney of this city and a daughter of G. W. Hines who formerly lived here, the family leaving Forest Grove about 18 years ago..." Forest Grove News Times, 29 June 1919 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1953: "HARRY A. CROSLEY, 87, of 4912 N. 33rd. St., died Sunday in a local hospital. Born in Henry, Illinois, he had lived in Tacoma for 52 years and was a retired photographer. He was a member of Grace Baptist Church. He is survived by his wife Harriet, a son, Neil, of Tacoma; a sister Mr. A. H. Treleven, Sr., of Tacoma, a granddaughter and three great-grand-children. Services will be held Wednesday at 2 p. m. in the Cassedy and Allen Chapel, with the Rev. Aubrey C. Splawn officiating. Cremation will follow." Tacoma News Tribune, (Tacoma WA) 30 December 1953 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
Bibliography
Crosley, Tom, Family Genealogy, 1990, files of Washington County Historical Society (with corrections) "Harry A. Crosley. Born 11 May 1866, Henry, Illinois. Came west 1872? at age 6. Died 27 December 1953.
Location of Photographic Studios from family pictures:
Independence OR, picture of sister who died in 1888
Forest Grove OR, over the Post office circa 1890-1900
Tacoma WA, 1109 1/2 S. K st. circa 1917
Tacoma WA, 11th & J st. circa 1921
Auburn WA, October 1929
Snohomish WA, 1930
Bjork, Maren, House History of 2125 A. St., files of Washington County Historical Society. "...Harry A. Crosley was the second eldest son of William Crosley, postmaster of Forest Grove in the 1890s. Harry was a photographer in town with a studio above the old post office... It is not known why the Crosleys left the house only three years after completion. They moved to Washington sometime between 1898 and the early 1900's. All of the brothers and sisters except Jesse left Oregon after the death of their parents in 1898 and 1899."


Cross, Arthur B.
Cross & Dimitt
Electric Studio
Chronology
1909-1935 Portland
Employee Listings
Miller, Leonard J., photographer Electric Studio 1910
Directory Listings
1907 PCD not listed
1909 PCD pg. 444 "Cross, Arthur B. propr Electric Studio rms 34 8th N"; pg. 518 "Electric Studio, Arthur B Cross prop, 145 6th, Tel Main 7417"
1910 Or. not listed
1910 PCD pg. 320 "Cross, Arthur B. propr Electric Studio 145 6th res same", "pg. 383 "Electric Studio, Arthur B. Cross propr, 145 6th Tel Main 7417"
1911 not listed
1912 PCD pg. 413 "Cross, Arthur B mngr The Electric Studio r 271 1/2 Grand av"; pg. 503 "Electric Studio The Arthur B Cross mngr Photographers 392 1/2 Washington Tel Main 7487"
1913 PCD pg. 348 "Cross, Arthur B mngr The Electric Studio r 422 Hall", pg. 530 "Electric Studio The Arthur B Cross mngr photgrs 392 1/2 Washington"
1914 PCD pg. 452 "Cross, Arthur B (Electric Studio) r 422 Hall", pg. 530 "Electric Studio (Edw L Dimmitt Jr, A B Cross), Special Photographers for the Oregonian, 414 Washington bet 10th and 11th, Tel Main 7487"
1915 PCD pg. 352 "Cross, Arthur B (Electric Studio) r E 88th and Mill", "Electric Studio (E. L. Dimmitt Jr A B Cross) photgrs 414 Wash"
1916 PCD pg. 357 "Cross, Cart B (Cross & Dimmitt) h E 88th and E Mill"; "Cross & Dimmitt (A B Cross, E L Dimmitt) photgrs 415 Mchts Trust bldg"
1917 PCD pg. 308 "Cross, Cart B (Cross & Dimmitt) r 253 E 88th"; "Cross & Dimmitt (A B Cross, E L Dimmitt) photgrs 415 Mchts Trust bldg"
1917 PJD pg.76 Photographers "Cross & Dimmitt, 414-415 Merchants Trust Bldg. Main 5802 Commercial."
1920 PCD pg. 372 "Cross, Arth (Marie) h 725 E 74th N"
1921 PCD pg. 321 "Cross, Arth B (Marie) (Cross & Dimmitt) h 725 E 74th N"
1925 PCD pg. 487 "Cross, Arth B (Marie; Cross & Dimmitt) h 747 E 70th N", pg. 487 "Cross & Dimmitt (A B Cross E L Dimmitt) scenic photog 1801 Sandy blvd"
listings to 1935 Cross & Dimmitt 1801 Sandy Blvd
Photographer's Imprints
"Electric Studio" signed in negative on postcard. view shows "Portland 1912"
"Made By The Electric Studio, A. B. Cross, Prop. 145 Sixth St., Portland, Ore." printed on back of PMO postcard.
"Made By A. B. Cross, Electric Studio, Portland, Ore."


Crouse, C.
Chronology
1904 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg.
1904 PCD pg. 312 "Crouse, Fred F, artist Woodard, Clark & Co bds 204 1/2 Park"
1905 PCD pg. 332 "Crouse Frederick F, artist 601 Oregonian Bldg, rms same"
1906 PCD not listed


Crow, John W. (Knappa, Portland)
Chronology
1886-91 Knappa
1899-1901 Portland
Directory Listings
1886 POWI pg. 213 Knappa "Crow, J. W., jeweler and tel agent."
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 1016 Knappa "Crow, J. W., photographer, watchmaker, and jeweler"
1888 POWI pg. 264 Knappa "Crow, J. W., jeweler and telegraph agent"
1889 POWI pg. 283 Knappa "Crow, J. W., photographer and telegraph agent"
1891 POWI pg. 317 Knappa "Crow, J. W., photographer"
1898 PCD not listed
1899 PCD pg. 244 "Crow Photo Co, S B Crow pres, 307 Stark"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photo Co, res 307 Stark"; "Crow, John W, engraver Crow Photo Co, res 361 Washington"
1901 PCD pg. 230 "Crow & Crow (Samuel D and John W), coml photos, 127 1/2 4th"; "Crow, Samuel D (Crow & Crow), r 127 1/2 4th"; "Crow, John W (Crow & Crow) res Knappa, Or."
1903-1904 PCD not listed
1903 Polk Astoria City Directory pg. 245 Knappa "Crow, J W, bridge tender."
Mautz Oregon "Crow, John W., 1870, Calapooya Precinct"
Bibliography
1880 Federal Census, Douglas County, Calapooya precinct, household H114, John W Crow, age 27, male, born Illinois, photographer.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Crow, Samuel B. (Astoria, Portland, Vancouver, North Canyonville, Port Townsend)
Crow, Miss Minnie.
Crow Photo (Astoria)
Crow Photograph Co.
Crow & Crow
C C M Co.
Crow & Lussier
California Gallery
Crow & Snyder
Chronology
1876 Coquille (Crow & Snyder)
1880 North Canyonville
1884-1893 Astoria
1893-1894 Portland (Crow & Lussier)
1895-1900 Portland (Crow Photo Co.)
1900-1901 Portland (Crow & Crow)
1900 Portland (C C M Co)
1903 Vancouver WA
1915-1916 Port Townsend WA
Directory Listings
1880 Pacific Coast pg. 364: Crow, S. B., North Canyonville"
1884 POWI pg. 86 Astoria "Crow, Samuel B., photographer, cor Benton and Squemoqua"
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 987 Astoria "Crow, S. B., photographer", pg. 64a supplement "Astoria... Crow, S. B., photographer"
1886 POWI pg. 91 Astoria "Crow, Samuel B., photographer"
1888 POWI pg. 111 Astoria "Crow, Samuel B, photographer, Water"
1889 POWI Astoria pg. 146 "Crow, Samuel B photographer"
1891 POWI pg. 165 Astoria "Crow, Samuel B., photographer, 638 3rd"
1893 Dellinger's Directory of Astoria pg. 41 "Crow, Samuel B, photographer, secy and treas A D M and E Co, 638 3rd, res same" plus dispaly ad on back cover: "S. B. Crow, Photographer, 638 3rd. St., Astoria Or. The Only First Class Gallery in the City"
1894 PCD pg. 277 "Crow, Samuel B (Crow & Lussier) rms Labbe Bldg"; "Crow & Lussier (S B Crow, Wm Lussier) Photographers Labbe Bldg"; pg. 508 "Lussier, Wm (Crow & Lussier) res 416 Vancouver av"
1895 PCD pg. 248 "Crow Photographic Co, S B Crow Pres, W A Gordon, Sec Washington n e cor Park"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photograph Co, rms Labbe bldg"
1896 PCD pg. 235 "Crow Photographic Co, S B Crow pres, W A Gordon, sec Washington n e cor Park"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photograph Co, n e cor Park, res same"
1897 PCD pg. 230 "Crow Photo Co, S B Crow pres, W A Gordon, sec Washington n e cor Park"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photo Co, res Washington n e cor Park"
1898 PCD pg. 235 "Crow Photo Co, S B Crow pres, W A Gordon sec, 355 Washington"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photo Co, res 355 Washington"
1899 EO & P pg. 44, Portland Photographers "Crow Photograph Co, 355 Wash."
1899 PCD pg. 244 "Crow Photo Co, S B Crow pres, 307 Stark"; "Crow, Samuel B, pres Crow Photo Co, res 307 Stark"; "Crow, John W, engraver Crow Photo Co, res 361 Washington"
1900 PCD pg. 251 "Crow & Crow (Samuel B and Miss Minnie Crow), photographers, 127 1/2 4th"; "Crow, Samuel B (Crow & Crow) (C C M Co), pres Crow Photo Co, res 307 Stark"; "Crow Photo Co, S B Crow pres, 307 Stark"; pg. 254 "C C M Co (Samuel B Crow, John R Carothon <sic>), photographers 112 6th"
1901 PCD pg. 230 "Crow & Crow (Samuel D and John W), coml photos, 127 1/2 4th"; "Crow, Samuel D (Crow & Crow), r 127 1/2 4th"; "Crow, John W (Crow & Crow) res Knappa, Or."
1901 POWA pg. 294 Portland "Crow & Crow (Samuel B and Minnie) photographers 127 1/2 4th"
1902 PCD not listed
1903 POW pg. 903 Vancouver WA "Crow, Samuel B propr Elite Studio, artistic photographer Main bet 6th and 7th"
1903-1904 PCD not listed
1904 PCD Vancouver WA section not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"S. B. Crow, Photo., Astoria" imprinted front of CDV, "S. B. Crow, Photographer, Cor. Benton and Squemoqhe (sic) Streets, Astoria,Oregon" printed back ms date May 1884 (OHS collection)
"Crow & Lussier, Successor to E. W. Moore" cabinet card.
"Crow & Lussier, Successors to E. W. Moore" rubber stamp on back of mount, 7 1/2" x 9" print, ms date 1893 foundation of College Place (OHS collection).
"Crow & Lussier, Corner Second and Washington Sts., Portland, Oregon" printed on front, on back: "Duplicate Copies of this negative, or from old negatives made by Abell & Son and E. W. Moore will be supplied ... Crow & Lussier, Successor to E. W. Moore"
"California Gallery" printed front of cabinet card. "California Gallery, Astoria, Oregon" printed back. The cabinet card mount had been previously printed with "Crow Photo" on the front of the mount. The mount was inverted and overprinted with California Gallery, and the old Crow printing was covered over by the photo to hide it.
Official Records
1880 Federal Census, Douglas County, Can D 45 precinct, family 10, Samuel Crow, age 27, male, born Oregon, father born Illinois, mother born Ireland, occupation photographer
News Items and Advertisements
1876: "Crow & Snyder have opened a jewelry store and photograph gallery at Coquille City. They will solicit patronage through the advertising columns of the News" Coos Bay News, (Marshfield) 9 Feb 1876 pg. 3 col. 1 (a careful reading of the paper for the next 4 months did not produce any additional mentions)
1887: "S. B. Crow returned yesterday from Vancouver" Weekly Astorian, 10 Dec 1887, pg. 5 col. 5
1894: "Flood Pictures for Sale at Crow & Lussier's, successors to E. W. Moore, Second and Washington sts." Oregonian, 31 May 1894 pg. 5, col. 2 (Portland's great flood of 1894)
1899: high school yearbook, all official school photos are signed Crow Photograph Co. The Cardinal (Portland High School, Vol. 2, no. 10, June 1899)
1915: "S. B. Crow, the well known photographer, has returned to the city and has reopened the Elite Studio, on Polk street. Mr. Crow intends to remain in Port Townsend until December 1st and will form a club of 100 members, who will be furnished coupons which will enable them to obtain high-grade photographs at half price. Pictures regularly sold at $6 per dozen may under the club plan be secured for $2.50. The coupons will be good for thirty days after they are issued, but as the remainder of October will be devoted to organizing the club, the coupons can be used for almost six weeks, where subscribers take advantage of the opportunity at once. The coupons can be obtained only through Mrs. Captain Smith, who will begin work in a few days." Port Townsend Weekly Ledger, 14 October 1915, pg. 5 col. 3
1916: "Baby Photos. Our specialty. Elite Studio, 807 Polk street. Prices reduced this week. S. B. Crow, Photographer." Port Townsend Weekly Ledger, 26 October 1916, pg. 3 col. 6
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57


Crysler, Ralph
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 313 "Crysler, Ralph, Prop S G Skidmore & Co, res 574 E Pine"; pg. 852 "Skidmore S G & Co, Ralph Crysler Prop, Druggists and Photo Supplies 151 3d, Tel Main 293"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Crysler, R. ..."


Cummings, Charles C.
Cummings, Oliver G.
Chronology
1889 Portland (Charles C.)
1904 Portland (Oliver)
Employee Listings
Funk, John R. photographer O. G. Cummings 1904
Directory Listings
1888 PCD not listed
1889 POWI pg. 382 Portland "Cummings, Charles C, photographer 63 Yamhill"
1889 - 1894 PCD not listed
1895 PCD pg. 249 "Cummings, Charles C, Chinese Interpreter, res 47 3d"
1896 PCD pg. 236 "Cummings, Charles C, Chinese Interpreter, 47 3d res same"
1897 - 1899 PCD not listed
1900 PCD pg. 252 "Cumming (sic), Charles C, Chinese interpreter, res ft E Water"
1902 PCD pg. 295 "Cummings, Charles C, Chinese interpreter, res E Water ft E Pine"
1903 PCD not listed
1904 PCD pg. 314 "Cummings, Oliver G, photog 289 1/1 1st, rms same"
1905 PCD not listed
1906 PCD not listed


Cummings, E. C.
Chronology
Athena
Photographer's Imprints
"E. C. Cummings, Athena, Or." cabinet card printed front and back


Cunningham, Burton S.
Chronology
1903 Ft Klamath
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 186 Fort Klamath "Cunningham, Burton S sporting goods and photographer"


Cupp, G. M.
Beers & Cupp
Chronology
1868 Forest Grove
News Items and Advertisements
1868: "G. M. Cupp. G. W. Beers. BEERS & CUPP, PHOTOGRAPH ARTISTS, FOREST GROVE, OREGON. Here is the place and now is the time to get better PICTURES and at lower rates than ever before offered in Washington County. 'A word to the wise,' &c. (sic) Satisfaction guaranteed. Give us a Trial." Forest Grove Monthly, Vol. 1, No. 3, August 1868.


Curry, Clarence P.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD not listed
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Curry, Clarence P."
News Items and Advertisements
1910: Catalogue of print exhibition, C. P. Curry has one print listed "24 - Landscape" Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 5.


Cutberth, William G.
Cutberth, Emma E., Mrs.
Cutberth Bros.
Acadia Studio
Rembrandt Studio
Chronology
1901 Spokane WA
1902-1916 Portland
1905-1908 Tacoma WA
Oakland
1912 Sacramento
San Francisco
Note the Rembrandt Studio was sold to Mrs. R. M. Hogan in 1906. Cutberth continued to photograph at a different location.
Employee Listings
Abell, Frank G.
Dean, James printer 1909
DeMeyer, Mrs. M., attendant W. G. Cutberth 1910
Leroy, Arvid photographer 1903
Peasley, Albert E photographer 1914
Pfluger, Lilian M., retoucher W. G. Cutberth 1904
Evans, D. Perry, photographer for Cutberth 1903
Hepburn, Maude M clk Cutberth 1911
Johnston, Lillian T. clerk for Rembrandt Studio 1904
Tonge, Jesse photographer for Rembrandt Studio 1905
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 742 Spokane WA "Cutberth Bros (Wm G, Edward E) photographers 325 Peyton blk"
1901 PCD not listed
1902 PCD pg. 751 "Rembrandt Photo & Portrait Studio (Will G and Mrs. Emma E Cutbirth), 404 Abington Bldg" pg. 297 "Cutbirth, Will G (Rembrandt Portrait Studio), 404 Abington Bldg, res 167 W Park"; "Cutbirth, Mrs. Emma E (Rembrandt Portrait Studio), res 167 W Park"
1903 PCD pg. 283 "Cutbirth, Will G (Rembrandt Portrait Studio) 404 Arlington Bldg, res same"; "Cutberth, Emma E artist 110 Sherlock Bldg, bds 175 Yamhill"; pg. 681 "Rembrandt Photograph and Portrait Studio The, W G Cutb <typesetters error - line of type missing in directory> 404 Abington Bldg"
1904 PCD pg. 316 "Cutberth, Will G photog 801 Dekum bldg bds The Beverly", pg. 783 "Rembrandt Photograph & Portrait Studio The, W G Cutberth prop, 404 Abington Bldg"
1905 PCD pg. 337 "Cutbirth, Will G (Rembrandt Photo & Portrait Studio) photog 801 Dekum Bldg, rms same"; "Cutberth, Mrs Emma E photog 801 Dekum Bldg, rms same"; pg. 898 "Rembrandt Photograph & Portrait Studio The, (W G Cutbirth) 404 Abington Bldg"
1905 Tacoma Directory: W. G. Cutbirth (sic), 631 Provident bldg.
1906 Tacoma Directory: W. G. Cutbirth (sic), 631 Provident bldg.
1906 PCD pg. 341 "Cutberth, Will G (Rembrandt Photograph and Portrait Studio), photog 801 Dekum bldg, bds The Beverly"; "Cutberth, Mrs. Emma E, photog W. G. Cutberth, bds The Beverly"; pg. 914 "Rembrandt Photograph & Portrait Studio The (W G Cutberth) 404 Abington bldg"
1907 Tacoma Directory: W. G. Cutberth, 631 Provident bldg.
1907 PCD pg. 432 "Cutberth, Wm G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, bds 269 14th"; pg. 1077 "Rembrandt Photograph & Portrait Studio Mrs R M Hogan prop, 404 Abington bldg"
1908 Tacoma Directory: W. G. Cutberth, 631 Provident bldg.
1909 Tacoma Directory: W. G. Cutberth, 631 Provident bldg.
1909 PCD pg. 451 "Cutberth, Wm G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, bds 320 Montgomery"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Cutberth, W. G. 801 Dekum Bldg"
1910 PCD pg. 327 "Cutberth, Wm G photgr 801 Dekum bldg b 320 Montgomery"
1911 PCD pg. 411 "Cutberth, Will G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, r 415 Yamhill"
1912 PCD pg. 422 "Cutberth, Will G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, h 25-202 Park"
1913 PCD pg. 355 "Cutberth, Will G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, h Sacramento Cal"
1914 PCD pg. 460 "Cutberth, Will G, photog 801 Dekum bldg, h Sacramento Cal"
1914 PCBD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 359 "Cutberth Will G (Muriel) photgr 801 Dekum bldg h 741 Washington"
1916 PCD pg. 364 "Cutberth, Will G, (Muriel) Photographer 214 Pittock Blk, Tel Broadway 357, h 21-49 Lucretia Pl"
1917 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Cutberth, Acadia studio, Tacoma, Portland"
"Cutberth, Dekum Bldg, Portland, Ore." c. 1920 print folder
"Rembrandt Studio, 106 Third St. Portland Ore."
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "Frank G. Abell, aged 66 years, died yesterday morning ... Mr. Abell had a photographic studio in the Provident building. He came here about a year and a half ago and bought the business of Mr. Cutberth, for whom he had done some work for a year or two, afterward going to California..." The Tacoma Daily Ledger, 22 July 1910, pg. 14, col. 4. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1911: "Mr. Cuthbert (sic), the popular Portland photographer, was married in Oakland, October twentieth, to Miss Muriel Christian, a charming lady of that city" Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 12, December 1911, pg. 583.
1912: "W. E. Cutberth of Portland has a well equipped branch studio in Sacramento and expects to invade San Francisco with another branch in the near future." Camera Craft, Vol. XIX, No. 8, August 1912, pg. 385.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Cutbirth, E. E.---Portland, Ore..."


Cutsforth, Jarvis E.
Chronology
1911 Gervais
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... List of New Members... 2752- Jarvis E. Cutsforth, Gervais, Ore. Post Cards. Class 1." Camera Craft, Vol. XVIII, No. 3, March 1911. pg. 153.


Daggett, J. R.
Chronology
1869 Roseburg
News Items and Advertisements
1869: "New Photograph Gallery! On Jackson Street, next to Crane's store, Roseburg, Oregon. J. R. Daggett, Artist. Photographs, Ambrotypes, Enameled Cards, Sun Pearls, Etc., Etc. Taken in the highest style of the Art and warranted to give satisfaction. Call and examine my specimens." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 21 August 1869 - 9 October 1869.
1869: "Pictures. - See the new artist's card and then visit his gallery. The 'Sun Pearls' which Mr. Daggett takes, are something new among us, and infinitely superior to any pictures heretofore taken in this place. You, who have been waiting for years for an opportunity to get a good picture of yourself, have no excuse for further delay." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 21 August 1869 pg. 3, col. 1.


Dahlgren, John
Dahlgren Photo Shop
Chronology
1907 Seattle WA
1915 Tillamook
1917 Sheridan
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1493 photographers "Dahlgren, John, Tillamook, O"
1917 POW pg. 1536 photographers "Dahlgren Photo Shop, Sheridan O"
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Dahlgren, J. A.---Seattle, Wash..."


Dailey, Jonas
Chronology
1909 Elgin
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 141 Elgin "Dailey, Jonas, photographer"


Dailey, Mary, Mrs.
Chronology
1881 Hillsboro
Directory Listings
1881 Ore pg. 557 Hillsboro "Dailey, Mrs. Mary, photographer" "Dailey, M. S., carpenter"


Daivson, C. K.
Chronology
Zena
Photographer's Imprints
"C. K. Daivson, Photographic Artist, Zena Oregon" cabinet card
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon: "Dawson, C. B., (sic) 1895, Zena"


Dalgleish, Gilbert ( -1901)
Chronology
1898-1901 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By G. Dalgleish, 'The Boat Race-Nip and Tuck'...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15
Special Papers
Oregon Camera Club, account ledger, manuscript, pay to "A. Gavin - Flowers for Dalgleish funeral" noted May 20, 1901.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Dalgleish, Gilbert...", "Committees...House Committee...Gilbert Dalgleish..."


Dalton, Frank
Chronology
1865 Portland
In 1866 Frank Dalton married the sister of Byron Cardwell.
Directory Listings
1864 PD not listed
1865 PD pg. Appendix "Dalton, D. F., photographer, 89 First; res 135 Second", pg. 43 "Dalton, D. F. res 235 Second" (sic on addresses)
1866 PD not listed
Employee Listings
Desmond, R. A., photographer, 1865
Photographer's Imprints
"F. Dalton, Portland, O May 3" stamped on back CDV with tax stamp (OHS 320-7 Deady)
"F. Dalton, Portland, O June 3, 1865" stamped on back CDV with tax stamp (OHS 244-5 Clark)
"F. Dalton, Portland, O June 9, 1865" CDV (reported by Brown)
"F. Dalton, Portland, O. June 14, 1865" CDV stamped back with tax stamp (OHS collection)
"F. Dalton, Portland, O. June 20, 1865" CDV stamped back (OHS 367 Failing)
"F. Dalton, Portland, O." printed front CDV (OHS collection)
News Items and Advertisements
1865: "100,000 MEN WANTED - To sit for cards de visite, ambrotypes, life sized photographs, &c., &c., in all the latest styles
The undersigned having refitted and refurbished the old Gallery of BUCHTEL & CARDWELL, No. 89 First street, Portland, and engaged the services of MR. DESMOND, of Wm. Shew's Gallery, San Francisco, of whom Mr. Shew says in his letter of recommendation, 'I think he possesses all the requisite qualifications of a FIRST CLASS OPERATOR, and has the best practical knowledge of Photographic Chemistry of any man in California,' the undersigned proposes to take One Hundred Thousand Pictures this season.
Cards will be delivered with all possible dispatch. Children will be taken in the twinkling of an eye. The public are respectfully invited to call and satisfy themselves that he is prepared to compete with any Gallery on the Pacific Coast. F. DALTON. N. B.- Negatives will be preserved at the request of the patron." Oregonian, 2 March - 3 April 1865 (The text changed over the course of the month. The recommendation of Shew was an addition.)
1865: "DALTON'S GALLERY - The old-time gallery on First street, known for years as Buchtel & Cardwell's, as a pleasant resort for procuring photo.'s (sic), cards de visit (sic), etc., has passed into the proprietorship of F. Dalton, Esq., and has been fitted up in excellent order for business. The cabinets, collection of rare species in natural history, etc., have received a new dressing, and the place is really more attractive now than ever before. The facilities for operating are much increased, by additional rooms, and every attention will be given for the accommodation of patrons. Mr. Desmond, late of Shew's gallery in San Francisco, who is known for his ability as an artist, has arrived here and will assume control as the leading operator. See Mr. D's card, in another column."
1865: "SKETCH OF THE WRECK - Mr. Jos. McLaughlin...made a sketch of the position of the wrecked bark Industry...which has been photographed by Mr. Dalton. We are indebted to the gentlemanly proprietor of the Gallery for a couple of copies..." (ed note - Dalton has shot a copy negative of the sketch, not made an actual photograph of the shipwreck near Astoria) Oregonian, 22 March 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
1865: "FOUND - I have engaged the services of R. A. DESMOND - formerly of Humphrey's Gallery, New York City, and lately of W. Shew's Gallery, San Francisco, - and am now prepared to take as good CARD DE VISITES and LARGE PHOTOGRAPHS as can be taken in San Francisco. Gentlemen and ladies are invited to call and satisfy themselves. Negatives preserved if requested. F. DALTON, No. 89 First street, Portland." Oregonian, 4 April - 1 May 1865
1865: INSURANCE! The undersigned guarantees as good photographic work, and at as reasonable living costs as can be done any where on the Pacific Coast, Puffs are not needed, for the Work of Mr. Desmond of San Francisco proves itself. the public are respectfully invited to visit his gallery, inspect his Museum and examine and satisfy itself as to his New Work. F. Dalton, No. 89 First Street, Portland" Oregonian, 2 May - 3 June 1865.
1865: "MUSEUM - The undersigned would respectfully remind the people of Portland and public generally that he is Insuring As Good Photographic Work as can be done on the Pacific Coast, and at reasonable rates. Negatives preserved if requested, from which copies can be had at reduced rates. F. Dalton, Proprietor. 89 First street, Portland, Oregon." Oregonian, 6 June - 13 September 1865.
1865: "Dalton's Gallery and Museum. Buchtel & Cardwell's Old Stand, No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Having purchased F. Dalton's interest in the above Establishment, it will hereafter be known as 'Cardwell's Gallery And Museum.'. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, and conduct the business as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 14 September - 22 November 1865.
1865: "Letters- (unclaimed letter list, Portland Post Office)... Frank Dalton to A. W. Wormer..." Oregonian, 8 November 1865, pg. 3, col. 1
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 57-58.
Park, Harriet Word, Marriage Records of Multnomah County, Oregon 1855-1873, Portland; Genealogical Forum 1973 pg. 40. Mr. Frank Dalton of Lewiston, W. T., and Mrs. Martha A. Barngert of Multnomah County, married 24 July 1866, at the house of Mrs. Cardwell by G. H. Atkinson, Minister of the Gospel; witnesses Byron Cardwell, S. M. Parish, and others. Page 46 in Marriage Records Book 1 Jan 1855 to Aug 1865 at Multnomah County Courthouse. <author's note- M. A. Barngert was the daughter of W. L. Cardwell, he was the brother of Byron P. and James R. Cardwell>


Dana?
Dana Studio
Chronology
1917 Ashland
Directory Listings
1917 POW pg. 1533 photographers "Dana Studio, Ashland O"


Danner, Theodore
Danner & Lubken
Chronology
1889-1891 Heppner
1889-1891 Lexington
1899 Bloomington, Ill
1900-1905 Pendleton
1907-1921 Athena
1911-1917 Milton
Directory Listings
1889 POWI pg. 257 Heppner "Danner, Theodore, photographer"
1889 POWI pg. 298 Lexington "Danner, T D, photographer"
1891 POWI pg. 333. Lexington "Danner, T. D., photographer"
1891 POWI pg. 286 Heppner "Danner, Theodore, photographer"
1903 POW pg. 287 Pendleton "Danner, Theodore, photographer"
1905 POW pg. 336 Pendleton "Danner, Theodore photographer"
1907 POW pg. 131 Athena "Danner, Theodore photographer"
1909 POW pg. 76 Athena "Danner, Theodore photographer"
1911 POW pg. 234 Milton "Danner, Theo, photographer"
1912 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County pg. 220 Milton "Danner, Theodore, photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Danner, Theo., Milton O"
1914 Polk Umatilla and Morrow County pg. 176 Milton "Danner, Theodore (Mary E) photgr 302 S Main res same"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Danner, Thos (sic), Milton O"
1921 Polk Umatilla county pg. 118 Milton "Danner, Theo (Mary E) photographer, 302 S Main h same"
Photographer's Imprints
"Theo Danner, Milton Oregon" rubber stamp on back of mount, 8x10 print of farm scene.
"Theo Danner, Photographer, Heppner, Oregon." printed front cabinet card.
News Items and Advertisements
1892: "Babies' Day - On Thursday of each week will be 'Babies day' at Danner's gallery. Bring along your babies and have their pictures taken, and you will get one photo free of charge." Heppner Gazette, 29 Mar 1892 pg. 3 col. 3.
1900: "Theodore Danner, who was in the photographic business in Heppner several years ago and who went back east to live, has recently arrived in Pendleton from Bloomington, Ill. His wife is still living in that city, but will return to Oregon shortly. Mr. Danner is somewhat anxious to hear from his wife on account of the big fire which occurred in Bloomington Tuesday morning, as reported in the Daily East Oregonian of the same day, as Mrs. Danner lives in the vicinity of the fire." East Oregonian, 20 June 1900, pg. 4, col. 2.
1903: "DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN PENDLETON LAST NIGHT. Five Firms Are Put Out of Business by a Conflagration in a Wooden Row. ... (The entire half block at the corner of Webb and Cottonwood was destroyed. Danner’s studio was in-between the most impacted buildings and the East Oregonian building.) ... Danner’s Loss Not by Fire. The Danner studio was not damaged so much by fire as it was by the water and the efforts of the rescuers to save the stock. The furnishings are a total wreck, and the accumulation of valuable negatives are cracked and scattered and broken beyond repair. Mr. Danner estimates his loss at from $250 to $300." East Oregonian, 5 June 1903, pg. 3, col. 3-4.
Photographer's Imprints
"Danner & Lubken, Pendleton, Or" blind stamp on mount, 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" print of road work crew.
"Theo. Danner, Photographer, Heppner, Oregon"


Darling, Belle
Darling & Ingersoll
Chronology
1915-1919 Forest Grove
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Darling & Ingersoll, Forest Grove O"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Darling & Ingersoll, Forest Grove O"
News Items and Advertisements
1908: "Mrs. C. L. Large and Misses Dee and Belle Darling went over to Newport for a week's stay by the sea." Washington County News (Forest Grove) 2 January 1908. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "HOLOCAUST OF FLAME SWEEPS CITY SUNDAY ... The photograph gallery across the street from the Sanford building, owned by Miss Belle Darling, was then on fire and the adjoining buildings owned by J. N. Hoffman were threatened as well ... The buildings occupied by the photograph gallery was burned and the two-story office next to it, both owned by mayor J. N. Hoffman, suffered heavy loss ... Fire Losses ... Photo Gallery - Occupied by Miss Belle Darling. No insurance. Loss on stock, furniture, etc., $500. Building owned by J. N. Hoffman. Loss $500." Washington County News-Times (Forest Grove) 24 July 1919. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1919: "FOREST GROVE HIT BY CONFLAGRATION ... Many Buildings Burn ... Frame structure north of Caples building, occupied by Miss Belle Darling as a photograph gallery and owned by Mayor J. N. Hoffman of Forest Grove. Loss to building $400; to photograph gallery stock and instruments, $400; total, $800 ..." Oregonian, 21 July 1919 (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1960: (obituary of Dee Darling, sister of Belle) "... A brother, Charles, and two sisters, Belle Darling and Wilifred Aldrich, all longtime residents here, predeceased her." Washington County News-Times (Forest Grove) 4 August 1960. (courtesy Eric Stewart)


Darling, S. C.
Chronology
1913 Coburg
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "International Photographic Association... New Members... 3668- S. P. Darling, Coburg, Ore. 5x7 and 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, various papers, of views...Class 1" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 6, June, 1913, pg. 294.


Datesman, Peter P.
Chronology
1904-1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD not listed
1903 PCD pg. 286 "Datesman, Peter, bds 954 Gladstone av"
1904 PCD pg. 320 "Datesman, Peter bds 954 Gladstone av", "Datesman, Mrs Fannie M res 954 Gladstone av"
1905 PCD pg. 342 "Datesman, Peter, bds 954 Gladstone av."; "Datesman, Mrs. Fannie M, dressmkr Mrs. J Davey, res 954 Gladstone"
1907 PCD pg. 438 "Datesman, Peter, res 954 Gladstone av."
1909 PCD pg. 458 "Datesman, Peter P, photog, res 814 E 28th"
1910 PCD pg. 333 "Dateman (sic) Peter P photgr h 814 E 25th"
1911 PCD pg. 418 "Datesman, Peter P h 841 E 39th"
1915 PCD pg. 365 "Datesman, Peter (Fannnie M) h 608 Henry av", "Datesman, A Lillian mus tchr r 608 Henry av"
1925 PCD pg. 503 "Datesman, Fannie M (wid Peter) r 345 19th"
Photographer's Imprints
"Datesman" imprinted on front of cabinet card


Dautoff, Victor
Chronology
Portland

Directory Listings
1889 PCD not listed
1890 PCD pg. 207 "Dautoff, Victor, clk H Sinsheimer rms 214 1st"
1891 PCD not listed
1892 PCD pg. 366 "Dautoff, Victor, clk Cohen Davis & Co, bds 574 Main"
1893 PCD pg. 344 "Dautoff, Victor, clk Cohen Davis & Co, bds w s E 31st 2 n E Ankeny."
1894 PCD pg. 283 "Dautoff, Victor, clk Golden Rule Bazaar, bds 684 2d"
1895 PCD pg. 255 "Dautoff, Victor, porter Golden Rule Bazaar, bds 252 Gibbs"
1896 PCD pg. 240 "Dautoff, Victor, clk Golden Rule Bazaar, bds 252 Gibbs"
1897 PCD pg. 235 "Dautoff, Victor, janitor Alisky Golden Rule Bldg, bds 252 Gibbs"
1898 PCD pg. 240 "Dautoff, Victor, shpg clk Meier & Frank Co, bds 252 Gibbs"
1899 PCD pg. 249 "Dautoff, Victor, shpg clk Meier & Frank Co, bds 252 Gibbs"
1900 PCD pg. 257 "Dautoff, Victor, shpg clk Meier & Frank Co, bds 252 Gibbs"
1901 PCD pg. 237 "Dautoff, Victor, clk Meier & Frank Co, bds 252 Gibbs"
1902 PCD pg. 301 "Dautoff, Victor, shpg clk Meier & Frank Co, bds 252 Gibbs"
Photographer's Imprints
"Victor Dautoff, Portland, Or." rubber stamp on card back, views of troops leaving for Spanish American War. (OHS)


Davenport, Lizzie, Mrs.
Chronology
1884-1888 Silverton
Directory Listings
1884 POWI pg. 352 Silverton "Davenport, Mrs. Lizzie, photographer", "Davenport, Timothy, Surveyor"
1886 Pacific Coast not listed
1886 POWI pg. 393 Silverton "Davenport, Mrs. Lizzie, photographer", "Davenport, Timothy, Surveyor"
1888 POWI pg. 495 Silverton "Davenport, Mrs. Lizzie, photographer", "Davenport, Timothy W., Surveyor"


Davidson
Hanson & Davidson
Chronology
Lakeview
Photographer's Imprints
"Hanson & Davidson, Lake View, Oregon" printed front panel card


Davidson, D. A. (Monmouth)
Davidson's Studio
Chronology
1910-1917 Monmouth
Directory Listings
1910 Or pg. 256 Monmouth "Davidson's Studio, Photographer"
1911 POW pg. 236 Monmouth "Davidson, D A photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Davidson, D. A., Monmouth O"
1917 POW pg. 1534 photographers "Davidson, D. A., Monmouth O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Davidson Studio, Monmouth, Ore." blind stamp on print folder


Davidson, Edgar L. (Oregon City)
Davidson & Wells
Chronology
1895 Oswego
1897 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1896 PCD Oregon City section - not listed
1897 PCD pg. 675 Oregon City "Davidson & Wells (Edgar L Davidson, Ebenezer N Wells), photographers e s Main 4 s 5th"; "Davidson, Edgar L (Davidson & Wells), res Oswego"; pg. 697 "Wells, Ebenezer N (Davidson & Wells), e s Main 4 s 5th, res e s Center 1 s 4th"
1904 PCD Oregon City section - not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"E. L. Davidson, Photographer, Oswego, Oregon" rubber stamp on cabinet card back, portrait of artist (WCP #LP72-1483/1547-157)
"E. L. Davidson, Oswego, Or." with ms date 1895
"Davidson, Oregon City, Or." small card printed front


Davidson, E. M.
Chronology
1879 Looking Glass

News Items and Advertisements
1879: "Mr. E. M. Davidson is erecting a picture gallery at Looking Glass" Western Star (Roseburg), 22 August 1879, pg. 3, col. 3.


Davidson, J.
Chronology
1886 Linkville
Photographic Career
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 1019 Linkville "Davidson, J., photographer"


Davidson, Isaac Grundy (1845-1922)
Davidson, John S.
Davidson Bros.
Palace Gallery
Gilman & Davidson
Shuster & Davidson
Chronology
1875-1895 Portland
1888 Tacoma, WA
In summer 1875, photographers Herbert Shuster and Oliver Dennie dissolved their partnership, Shuster & Dennie. Former employee John S. Davidson became Shuster's new partner, forming the partnership Shuster & Davidson.
On 15 February, 1877, Shuster & Davidson dissolved, succeeded by a new partnership, Davidson Brothers. John Davidson and Isaac Davidson announced they were continuing the business at the same address, and that Shuster would remain as an employee for an short time.
Isaac Davidson, age 32, had been a professional accountant for one of Portland's largest printing shops for the preceding 5 years. Prior to that, he had been a school-teacher. He was married and had three children, one of whom had not been named yet even though he was 12 months old.
Isaac Davidson launched what was probably Oregon's most ambitious photography enterprise ever attempted.
Within a month he opened a second studio location, as a separate partnership, Gilman & Davidson, naming the studio the Palace Photograph Gallery. This was located opposite the Post Office, a traditional location for photo studios at the time. This was designed to be a high volume, low cost operation. A photo-tent set up by tin-typer Judkins on the street right next to it assured competitive prices and work. By fall Gilman was gone, and Davidson was sole proprietor.
Next he upgraded his main studio into a higher-class operation. Over the winter of 1877-1878 he moved to larger quarters, from First and Yamhill to First and Taylor. His prices for one dozen cabinet card portraits were advertised as being $1 less than any other studio north of San Francisco. Prices in other galleries continued to spiral downward, leading to an 1878 price war that significantly realigned the business.
By the summer of 1878 Davidson's mobile studio was operating. Although we are not certain how it was packaged and moved, it toured continuously in Oregon and Washington, anywhere a train went. It is possible that the studio was actually in a converted train car. The studio would set up and stay for several weeks to a month in each city. Negatives made on-location were shipped back to the main studio in Portland for printing and finishing, and returned to the job site for customer delivery.
All indications are that by the end of his second summer in business, Davidson had propelled a small studio into the highest volume photography operation in the state. Davidson next focused on developing credibility as a prominent photographer. This he accomplished better than he may have planned. It is due to the high quality of his boudoir size view series that there is substantial interest in his imprints today.
He obtained contracts for photography for the Northern Pacific Railroad for views of trains, bridges and track throughout Oregon. Also needed were promotional pictures of scenic highlights and prosperous farmlands. To accomplish this he hired Andrew Wulzen in August 1878. Wulzen was previously Carlton Watkins' photographer and had been doing itinerant work freelance for several years. It is doubtful a better photographer could have been selected for this job. Wulzen was intimately acquainted with Watkin's Columbia River view series from 1868, and proceeded to shoot many of the same views. The influence of Watkins is strongly felt in his work. Although the view series probably yielded no more than ten percent of Davidson's gross income, it was the highest visibility advertisement a photographer could get. The next five years were the peak sale years for boudoir size views and Davidson produced one of the finest series in Oregon. Wulzen was employed by Davidson for at least two years.
Around this time I. G. Davidson bought out his brother, John Davidson. All further imprints were simply the I. G. Davidson logo. We lose track of John for several years, until 1881 when he returned as an employee. He became the portrait retoucher.
Portraits were photographers' main source of income, and Davidson's main competition was Frank G. Abell. Buchtel had sold his gallery, and the new owner, W. H. Towne, was attempting to establish himself. Frank Abell had opened his Portland studios in 1878, a year after I. G. Davidson. By 1881, Abell was emerging as Portland's leading portrait photography studio. Abell had the highest class gallery in the city, and was a well known socialite, frequently speaking at public events.
The title of the top photographer was an open question. Davidson and Abell were a good match for rivalry, and the pattern of their advertising indicates they had developed a fierce competition. The two studios were only one half block away from each other.
In 1881, the Portland Mechanics' Fair was in its third year. Its medals were the most significant juried award available for an Oregon photographer. Because of its agricultural nature, the significance of the State Fair awards had diminished to the point where they were hardly reported in Portland newspapers. The Mechanics' Fair had become the big event of the city.
The featured exhibit of the 1881 Mechanics' Fair was craft products of the Forest Grove Indian Training school. In 1881, the Indian Wars were not yet over in Oregon. Training Indians to become productive citizens was a new idea, and the Fair was the first major demonstration of the result in the state. The entire student body of the Forest Grove Indian School was brought to the Mechanics' Fair on a train. Over the preceding summer, Davidson had the school, its students and their activities photographed. He had a great series of views which tied into the theme of the fair, which he first began to advertise for sale a month before the event.
Davidson and Abell both won medals: Abell the silver medal for best general photography and Davidson the bronze medal for best landscape. By this time Davidson had established the reputation of a high quality gallery, and no doubt he led Abell in sales volume. However the quality of Abell's portraits was not so easily surpassed. Davidson had peaked the local market; his next big move was to establish a gallery in Tacoma.
It is doubtful that I. G. Davidson was a photographer. An accountant by profession, in less than 18 months he transformed one of Portland's smallest studios into the largest photography enterprise attempted in nineteenth century Oregon. The list of his employees includes some of Portland's best photographers. There is not a single shred of evidence to suggest he ever took a picture. Looking at the newspaper accounts of his chief rivals, we would expect to see a considerable amount of comment about Davidson. We do, but not one item mentions him having anything to do with the business end of a camera.
Davidson did not exhibit at the next year's Mechanics' Fair. In 1882 his wife had died, leaving him with 5 children. I. G. Davidson became more interested in real estate investments. The change of occupation was natural for Davidson, having watched the donation land claim he grew up on become valuable real estate in East Portland. His photography studio went out of business in 1895, when he opened a real estate brokerage on Stark street. When his daughter Sara sat for her photograph in June 1897, she went to Mrs. Bronwing's studio.
Artifacts
OHS has a print of the 1881 Portland Mechanics Fair photography exhibit, where Davidson won the bronze medal.
Portrait of Sara Davidson, daughter of I. G. Davidson, ms date June 13, 1897, on Browning mount. (Davidson family photographs, Stanley Hess)

Early Wet Plate Views
I. G. Davidson produced two print sizes: 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" prints on 10" x 12" card mount, and 4 1/2 x 8" prints on 'boudoir' 5" x 8" size mounts.
The boudoir series was mass-produced and advertised at various stores as well as his studio. These 5" x 8" views are usually numbered and captioned in the negative, although a few simply have a penciled number which refers to a printed catalog on the back of the mount.
The large size photographs are usually imprinted with his I. G. Davidson logo, although some photographs definitely produced by him are mounted on blank cardboard. The large size is un-captioned and un-numbered.
The railroad work was primarily on the large format, although some exist in cropped versions on 5x8" boudoir mounts. The author has examined approximately 50 railroad trestle views which share these characteristics:
1. The subject is the trestle, which usually fills the frame.
2. Work crews are often present on the trestle.
3. The bridges are newly constructed.
4. Sometimes a train is stopped on the trestle for the purpose of photographing.
5. The camera vantage point is often above grade, apparently shot from a train car.
While producing this work the photographer shot many scenic views on both negative sizes, from the same camera position. In the case of a view of Mt. Shasta, apparently shot from a railroad car on a freshly built grade, the boudoir used a wide angle lens; the large print used a long focal length lens. The views are from the identical camera position, but separate exposures.
It is possible to safely conclude he had access to a railroad car suitable for processing wet plate negatives. Enough views of other local subjects exist to indicate he also had a photographic wagon.

List of boudoir size views published by Davidson (size 5 1/4" x 8 1/2")
1 South Portland from Robinson's Hill.
2 View of Portland showing Mt. Hood.
3 Showing the central portion of Portland and East Portland.
4 North Portland, showing Mt. St. Helens.
5 General view of the Eastern part of Portland.
6 General view of the Western part of Portland.
7 Custom House and Central School, Portland.
8 View of Ships along the river front, Portland.
9 Willamette Falls and the Locks.
10 Willamette Falls.
11 Oregon City, Oregon.
12 Willamette Falls, near view.
13 Hunting on Nehalem river, Western Oregon.
14 Fish Hawk Falls - near Nehalem river.
15 Trapping scene on Nehalem river.
16 Vancouver Barracks, W. T.
17 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
18 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
19 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
20 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
21 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
22 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
23 Vancouver Barracks, W. T., different view.
24 Baker's Bay at Fort Canby, W. T.
25 Fort Canby, W. T.
26 Block House at Upper Cascades, Columbia River.
27 Cape Disappointment or Hancock.
28 Astoria, Oregon, showing Tongue Point in the distance.
29 Group of Boys at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
30 Group of Boys at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
31 Group of Boys and Girls at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
32 School Scene at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
33 Blacksmithing at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
34 Housekeeping at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
35 Group of Umatillas at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
36 Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
37 Group of Alaska Boys at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
38 Group of Piute, Wasco and Warm Spring Indians at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
39 Group of Puyallup Boys at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
40 Group of Spokane Boys at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
41 Shoemaking at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
42 Indian Carpenters at work at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
43 New Recruits, Spokane Indians, at Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Oregon.
44 Astoria, Oregon, showing Cape Hancock in distance
45 Ilwaco, W. T.
46 Young's River Falls near Astoria, Oregon.
47 Mt. Hood from the East Side.
48 Castle Rock, Columbia River.
49 Multnomah Falls, Columbia River, Height 850 feet.
50 Castle Rock, Columbia River, near view.
51 St. Vincent's Hospital, Portland Oregon.
52 Lower Multnomah Falls, Columbia River
53 O. R. &N. Co.'s magnificent steamer "Wide West"
54 Oneonta Falls, Columbia River.
55 Fort Coeur d'Alene, Idaho - Officers' quarters from East Side
56 Lake Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Territory.
57 Fort Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Territory.
58 Hospital and Chapel, Fort Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.
59 Spokane Falls, W. T.
60 Spokane Falls, W. T.
61 Spokane Falls, W. T.
62 Boys in Uniform, Indian Training School, Forest Grove, Or.
63 New Recruits, Spokane Indians, after seven months at Training School.
64 The way the Indian Boys make Bedsteads and keep their sleeping rooms at Training School, Forest Grove, Or.
65 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
66 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
67 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
68 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
69 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
70 Cape Horn, Columbia River.
71 View of Columbia River from Block House, Upper Cascades.
72 Gibraltar, Columbia River, 12 miles below The Dalles.
73 Hallett's Hades, midway Gibraltar Rock.
74 Cape of Good Hope, lower end of Gibraltar Rock.
75 East End of Tunnel No. 1, O. R. & N. Co.
76 West End of Tunnel No. 1, O. R. & N. Co.
77 Upper Cascades, Columbia River, from Espy's painting.
78 Spokane Falls, W. T.
79 Spokane Falls, W. T.
80 Spokane Falls and the town.
81 Barrel and Pitcher Rocks, Spokane river, 5 miles below the falls.
82 Fort Coeur d'Alene, showing Officers' Quarters from West Side.
83 Bird's Eye view of Fort Coeur d'Alene and the lake, Idaho.
84 U. S. Steam Launch "Amelia B. Wheaton," Ft. Coeur d'Alene, I. T.
85 Guard Mount, Fort Coeur d'Alene, I. T.
86 Battalion, Fort Coeur d'Alene, I. T.
87 Clark's Fork Crossing, three miles above its mouth, N. P. R. R.
88 North Cabinet, N. P. R. R.
89 South Cabinet, N. P. R. R.
90 Big Rock Cut, one mile above Cabinet, N. P. R. R.
91 View from the Cabinet Rapids down Clark's Fork, Columbia River.
92 View at lower end of Cabinet Rapids, Clark's Fork.
93 Cabinet Gorge, Clark's River, looking up stream.
94 Cabinet Gorge, Clark's River, looking down stream.
95 Looking out up stream from Cabinet Gorge.
96 Head of Cabinet Rapids
97 Big Grade, N. P. R. R., at head of Cabinet Rapids.
98 Elk Creek Camp on N. P. R. R.
99 Grading on Big Bluff, 3 miles above Heron's Rapids, Clark's Fork.
100 Fort Stevens, Oregon, - Officers' Quarters.
101 Light Battery, Fort Stevens, Oregon.
101 Cape Disappointment from North Buoy.
102 Battery I, 1st Artillery, Fort Stevens, Oregon.
102 Cape Disappointment from bar Buoy.
103 Lighthouse, Cape Disappointment from the Columbia River Bar
104 North Head from Middle Head.
105 Cape Disappointment from Middle Head.
106 General view of Fort Canby, showing Middle Head.
107 Rooster Rock, Columbia River, from O. R. & N.
108 Latourell Galls near Rooster Rock.
109 Twin Rocks, O. R. & N. R. R.
110 Rooster Rocks, view from the river.
111 Sandy Bridge, O. R. & N. R. R.
112 Upper Cascades, Columbia River, in winter
113 Seattle, W. T.
113 LaConner, W. T.
120 Lower Cascades, Columbia River
124 Cape Disappointment from Columbia River Bar
133 Portland from Robinson's Hill. General View.
234 Muir's Glacier, Alaska ("234-238 inclusive are sectional views from the front")
235 "
236 "
237 "
238 "
Employee Listings
James G. Crawford 1883-1885
Buchtel, Samuel, photographer for I G Davidson 1883
Dowe, O. S. retoucher 1880
Foor, George W. photographer 1888.
Jackson, A. L., Mrs, colorist for I G. Davidson, Portland, 1884
Jackson, Albert L., photographer I. G. Davidson, Portland, 1885
Jackson, Albert L, manager for I G Davidson (Tacoma) 1886-1887
Severance, Asel E., photographer for I G Davidson 1882-1883
Short, Charles W., printer for I G Davidson 1888
Wulzen, Albert, photographer
Directory Listings
1872 and before not listed
1874 SD pg. 170 "Davidson, Isaac G., printer for Geo. H. Himes, res e s Front bet Sherman and Caruthers"
1875 PD pg. 74 "Davidson, I. G., printer, res Front bet Lincoln and Grant"
1875 SD pg. 177 "Davidson, I. G., bookkeeper for Geo. H. Himes, res n w cor Grant and Front" (ed note: Himes later became the president of the Oregon Historical Society)
1876 WD pg. 74 "Davidson, J (sic). G., book-keeper, res Front bet Lincoln and Grant"
1877 PD pg. 83 "Davidson, I. G., accountant res e s First bet Hall and Lincoln"
1878 Pacific pg. 220 Portland "Davidson Bros., photographers, 135 First"
1878 PD pg. 83 "Davidson Bros., photographers, s w cor First and Yamhill"; "Davidson, J. (sic) G., D, Bros., res s w cor First and Yamhill"
1879 PD pg. 92 "Davidson Bros., photographers, cor First and Yamhill"; "Davidson, J. (sic) G., (D. Bros) res cor First and Yamhill"
1880 PD pg. 108 Davidson, I. G., photographer, cor. Yamhill and First, res 16 s First"
1881 Ore pg. 257 Portland "Davidson, I. G., photographer, s w cor First and Yamhill sts, res 165 1st bet Hall and Lincoln" also pg. 21 same info.
1881 PD pg. 116 "Davidson, I. G., Photographer, First and Yamhill, res 16 S. First near Hall"
1882 PD pg. 154 "Davidson, I. G., photographer, 181 First s w cor Yamhill, res 34 Caruthers s e cor Second"
1883 PD pg. 116 "Davidson, I. G. photographer, cor First and Yamhill, res 34 Caruther's"
1884 POWI pg. 266 Portland "Davidson, Isaac G., photographer, 181 First cor Yamhill"
1884 GD pg. 120 "Davidson, I. G., photographer, gallery; 181 First, cor Yamhill, res n e cor Front and Hooker"
1885 PCD pg. 166 "Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, 151 1st, res n e cor Front and Hooker"
1886 POWI pg. 652 Tacoma WA "Davidson, I G, photographer, A L Jackson, mngr"
1886 PCD pg. 180 "Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, 151 1st, res n e cor Front and Hooker"
1887 PCD pg. 187 "Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, 151 1st, res n e cor Front and Hooker"
1888 POWI pg. 383 Portland "Davidson, Isaac G., photographer, 125 1st" pg. 840, Tacoma, WA"Davidson, I.G., photographer 113 So. 10th"
1888 PCD pg. 214"Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, 151 1st, res n e cor Front and Hooker"
1889 POWI pg. 848 Tacoma "Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, 113 S. 10th."
1889 PCD pg. 217 "Davidson, Isaac G, photographer, res 447 H"
1890 PCD pg. 208 "Davidson, Isaac G, real estate, 92 2d res 109 13th"
1890 Tacoma Directory: I. G. Davidson, 117 S. 10th
1891 POWI pg. 443 Portland "Davidson, Isaac G., real estate and photographer, 3rd and Alder", pg. 1136, Tacoma, WA "Davidson, I.G., photographer 113 So. 10th"
1891 PCD pg. 253 "Davidson, Isaac G, real estate and photographer 92 2d, res 293 Montgomery"
1891 Tacoma Directory: I. G. Davidson, 115 S. 10th
1892 PCD pg. 367 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est and and photographer 132 1/2 3d, res 493 Montgomery"
1893 PCD pg. 345 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est and and photographer 132 1/2 3d, res 493 Montgomery"
1894 PCD pg. 283 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est and and photographer 132 1/2 3d, res 493 Montgomery"
1895 PCD pg. 255 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est and and photographer 132 1/2 3d, res 493 Montgomery"
1896 PCD pg. 240 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est 272 1/2 Stark, res 493 Montgomery"
1897 PCD pg. 235 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est 272 1/2 Stark, res 493 Montgomery"
1898 PCD pg. 241 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est 272 1/2 Stark, res 493 Montgomery"
1899 PCD pg. 249 "Davidson, Isaac G, real est 272 1/2 Stark, res 493 Montgomery"
1900 PCD pg. 257 "Davidson, Isaac G, Pres Davidson, Ward & Co, res 493 Montgomery"; "Davidson, Ward & Co, I G Davidson, Pres, M P Ward Sec, Real Est, Loans and Mining, 408 Cham of Com"
1901 PCD pg. 237 "Davidson, Isaac G, pres Davidson, Ward & Co, res 493 Montgomery"; "Davidson, Ward & Co, I G Davidson pres, Milo P Ward sec, real est 408 Cham of Com."
1903 PCD pg. 287 "Davidson, Isaac G, pres Davidson, Ward & Co, res 493 Montgomery"; "Davidson, Ward & Co, I G Davidson pres, Milo P Ward sec, real estate 406-408 Cham of Com."
1904 PCD pg. 321 "Davidson, Isaac G pres Davidson Ward & Co res 493 Montgomery" pg. 321 "Davidson Ward & Co, Isaac G Davidson pres; Milo P Ward sec real est 408 Cham of Comm"
1905 PCD pg. 344 "Davidson, Isaac G, pres Davidson, Ward & Co, res 493 Montgomery"; "Davidson, Ward & Co, I G Davidson pres, Milo P Ward sec, real est and mining 408 Cham of Com."
1906 PCD pg. 321 "Davidson, Ward & Co., Isaac G. Davidson, pres, Milo P Ward, sec, reas est 408 Cham of Comm.", "Davidson, Isaac G., pres Davidson, Ward & Co., res 493 Montgomery"
Listed in Real Estate through 1921
Mautz Oregon "Davidson Bros, 1878-1890, Portland", "Davidson, I. G., 1875-1900, Portland"
Directory Listings for J. S. Davidson
1875 SD pg. 177 "Davidson, J., assistant to Oliver Dennie, res n w cor Grant and Front"
1875 PD not listed
1876 WD pg. 74 "Davidson, J. S., Shuster & D., rms s w cor First and Yamhill"; pg. 154 "Shuster & Davidson, photographers, s w cor First and Yamhill"; "Shuser, H. S., S. & Davidson, bds cor Fifth and Alder"
1877 PD pg. 155 "Shuster, H. S., S. & Davidson, photo gallery, First bet Yamhill and Talor, res n w cor Fifth and Washington"
1878 PD pg. 83 "Davidson Bros., photographers, s w cor First and Yamhill"; "Davidson, John S., D. Bros., res s w cor First and Yamhill" Davidson Bros
1879 PD pg. 92 "Davidson Bros., photographers, cor First and Yamhill"; "Davidson, J. S., (D. Bros) res cor First and Yamhill"
1880-1881 not listed
1882 PD pg. 154 "Davidson, J. S., photographer with I. G. Davidson, res Second w s bet Yamhill and Morrison"
1883 PD pg. 116 "Davidson, J. S., photographer and retoucher with I. G. Davidson, res cor Third and Ash"
1884 GD pg. 120 "Davidson, J. S., retoucher I. G. Davidson, res Third bet Ash and Pine"
1885-1886 PCD not listed
1887 PCD pg. 187 "Davidson, John S, operator I G Davidson, res cor 3d and Morrison"
1888 PCD pg. 214 "Davidson, John S, photog I G Davidson, rms Vacuna House"
1889 PCD pg. 217 "Davidson, John S, photographer, rms 3d bet Morrison & Alder"
1890 PCD pg. 208 "Davidson, John S, photographer, rms 153 1/2 3d"
1891 PCD pg. 253 "Davidson, John S. photogr G W Davies, res 153 1/2 3d"
1892 PCD pg. 367 "Davidson, John S, retoucher G W Davies, bds 170 1/2 3d"
1893 PCD pg. 345 "Davidson, John S., re-toucher G W Davies, res 170 1/2 3d"
1894 PCD pg. 283 "Davidson, John, retoucher George Davies, res 170 1/2 3d"
1895 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
SHUSTER & DAVIDSON
"J. Davidson, Photographic Artist, Taken at the Cottage Wagon." printed label glued on back of 3x4" (trimmed on long dimension) mount with albumen print.
OVERPRINT: "Excelsior Art Gallery. Shuster & Davidson, Cor. First and Yamhill Sts. Successors to Shuster and Dennie, Portland, Ogn" CDV printed back, ms date 1876, which may not be reliable. (OHS study collection of CDVs)
DAVIDSON BROTHERS
OVERPRINT: "Davidson Brothers, Successors to Shuster & Davidson, Cor. 1st & Yamhill, Portland, Oregon..." (OHS study collection of CDVs)
I. G. DAVIDSON
"I. G. Davidson, 125 First Street, Opposite First National Bank, Portland Oregon" c.1888-1889 boudoir, imprinted on front.
"I. G. Davidson, 151 First St. Over Skidmore's Drug Store, Portland Oregon" c.1885-1886 boudoir, imprinted on front.
"I. G. Davidson, 125 First Street, Portland Oregon, and Over W. U. Telegraph Office, Tacoma, W. T." early large mount, imprinted on front.
"I. G. Davidson, Portrait and Landscape Photographer, Over Post Office, Tacoma, W. T. Photographs of all Sizes - the Latest and Best Styles. The largest List of the Best Landscape Views of the Pacific Northwest. Pictures Copied and Enlarged in India Ink or Water Colors. Portland, Oregon Established 1875. Tacoma, Wash. Ter. Established 1885. "
"Davidson Photo" cabinet card imprinted front, "The negative of this picture is preserved. When an extra dozen is wanted address: I. G. Davidson, Photographer, Cor. First and Yamhill Sts. Portland, Oregon" ms date Jan 17, 1887 Hillsboro.
"I. G. Davidson, Photo. Portland, Oregon. Views made of City and Country Residences, Live Stock, Machinery, Furniture, Etc." on front of stereo card, on back "View from Real Life in the Coast Range Mountains, Oregon. Hunting Camp of D. K. Hickok, of Vermont. (Copyright, 1880, by D. K. Hickok)" (OHS #4371)
News Items and Advertisements
1875: "Photography. The very finest photographs are now taken at the new firm of Shuster and Dennie, who have just refitted their rooms, corner of First and Yamhill." Oregonian 3 March - 29 March 1875
1875: "Shuster and Davidson are producing some excellent work at their photograph gallery. Observe the display made in front of their rooms." Oregonian 4 September 1875 pg. 3, col. 4.
1875: "If you wish to get a fine picture taken call on Shuster & Davidson, First Class Artists, corner First and Yamhill" The Portland Bee, 2 November 1875
1876: "Something New Under The Sun. Photographs! Photographs! Shuster & Davidson's patent method of Taking Photographs. Corner First and Yamhill Sts." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 2 November 1875 - 5 May 1876.
1875: account of the Riggs family reunion "Mr. and Mrs. I. G. Davidson, married June 26, 1870, with three children, Wa. G, George L, and another boy a year old, for whom a name good enough has not yet been found, born April 9, 1891, Jan. 1, 1873, and Oct. 28, 1874, respectively...
Isaac G. Davidson was born in Schuyler county, Illinois, April 23, 1845. He removed to Oregon with his parents in 1850, and settled in what is now East Portland. From thence his family went to Monmouth, Polk County, in 1855, and in 1866 to Josephine county. For the next few years he followed the occupation of farming and school teaching, and in December, 1873, he returned to Portland, since which time he has been engaged with George H. Himes as accountant and general workman." The Portland Bee, 28 December 1875, pg. 3, col. 2.
1876: "LOOK OUT! QUEER THINGS MAY HAPPEN UNLESS YOU GO TO Shuster & Davidson's, cor. First and Yamhill Streets, for your Photographs." The Daily Bee, (Portland) 23 June - 1 July 1876
1876: "Go to the PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY of Shuster & Davidson for Good Pictures at Low Rates. Cor First and Yamhill Streets, Portland, Ore."Daily Bee, (Portland) 25 October and before - 22 December 1876 (last)
1877: "PHOTOGRAPHY - The undersigned respectfully announce to the public that we will continue the business of Photography, heretofore conducted by Shuster & Davidson, at the same place, and under the firm name of Davidson Brothers. We have engaged the services of Mr. H. S. Shuster as operator for a short time, and feel confident of pleasing those who may give us their patronage. I. G. Davidson, J. S. Davidson, Portland, Feb. 14, 1877" Oregonian, 15 February 1877, pg. 2, col. 3
1877: "For Photographs of the finest quality go to Davidson Bros., successors to Shuster & Davidson, corner First and Yamhill streets, Portland, Oregon." The New Northwest, (Portland) 2 March 1877 pg. 3 col. 5 (regular insertion, other issues not checked)
1877: "DAVIDSON BROTHERS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, Cor. First and Yamhill sts. Have greatly improved their Facilities for doing Good Work. Their stock of patience and good nature is immense; and the Pictures they take cannot be excelled in the State." Daily Bee, (Portland) 27 April 1877 - 18 May 1877
1877: "DAVIDSON BROTHERS, PHOTOGRAPHERS, Cor. First and Yamhill sts." Daily Bee, (Portland) 19 May 1877 - 28 May 1877.
1878: "The Palace Photograph Gallery, opposite the Post Office, makes 36 gem pictures for 50 cents; 12 double gems, 75 cents; 12 Album size, $2; 12 cabinets,$4 50; 1, 8x10, $1 50; 1, 10x12, $2 50. Old and new pictures copied and enlarged." Daily Standard, (Portland) 13 July 1878
1878: "There is nothing so nice to beautify home with as pictures, just such as Gilman & Davidson, at the Palace Photograph Gallery, furnishes. Visitors are always welcome" Daily Standard, (Portland) 13 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 3.
1878: "In spite of the adverse newspaper criticism, it is said that The Crushed Tragedian is holding its own at the London Haymarket Theater. So does Gillman & Davidson hold their own opposite the Post Office." Daily Standard, (Portland) 14 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "At the Palace photograph gallery opposite the Post Office you can get three dozen pictures taken in one second for the small sum of 50 cents. Step in and examine the pictures, you are always welcome." Daily Standard, (Portland) 16 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "Yesterday the ladies were out in full bloom and many visited the Palace photograph gallery opposite the Post Office, and had their pictures taken. The art of Messrs. Gilman & Davidson is appreciated." Daily Standard, (Portland) 18 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "Yesterday was a day gotten up especially for proud mothers. They took their little ones to the Palace Photograph Gallery, opposite the Post Office and had their pictures taken. Arrangements have been made for similar sunshine to-day." Daily Standard, (Portland) 19 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "Kimball, the church debt raiser, has cleared thirty-seven churches of mortgages ... Call on Davidson Brothers and see his photograph." Daily Standard, (Portland) 13 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 3.
1878: "For elegant photos or cabinet size pictures, visit the gallery of Davidson Brothers, on First street, near Taylor. They are the most popular artists in the city" Daily Standard, (Portland) 16 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "The handsomest photograph establishment in the city is that of Davidson Brothers on First street near Taylor. Just tarry a moment and see the grand display of pictures, taken in all of the latest styles."Daily Standard, (Portland) 18 July 1878 pg. 3 col 1
1878: "Davidson Brothers, the princes of photographers, were rushed yesterday to their hearts' content. The magnificent parlors were crowded all day long, and the number of negatives taken were great, and all in first class style." Daily Standard, (Portland) 19 July 1878 pg. 3 col. 1.
1878: "The Palace gallery, in front of the Post Office, beats them all. How is this for a price list: Gems, 36 for 50 cents; gems, double, 12 for 75 cents, ninths, 12 for $1.25; cards, 12 for $2.00; cabinets 12 for $4.50; 8x10 each $1.50; 10x13 each $2.50. Special attention given to copying and enlarging old and new pictures." Daily Bee, (Portland) 26 July 1878, pg. 3, col. 5.
1878: "PORTLAND VIEWS.- There have been on exhibition in various show windows throughout the city, for the past few days, photographic views of various points of interest, the elegance and finish of which, together with the local nature has made them an object of admiration by all lovers of art. They include a panoramic view of the entire city, various dwellings and business houses; Some exterior and interior views of Hon. Henry Failing's elegant home on Fifth street, the U. S. Custom House, Central school building, view of First street from Morrison looking north, interior view of B. L. Stone's magnificent jewelry establishment, the steamship Great Republic on Swan Island bar and other points of interest give indications of artistic skill second to none in this State. The artist is A. H. Wulzen, Esq, formerly in the employ of C. E. Watkinds (sic), of San Francisco, but now under engagement to the enterprising photographic house of Davidson Bros., of this city, who have employed him for this especial purpose. The views are taking like hot cakes, giving as they do, a correct idea of what Portland really is." Daily Bee, (Portland) 26 August 1878, pg. 3, col. 2. (The panorama was actually taken from the roof of Central School -ed)
1878: "A Handsome Picture. To the Messrs. Davidson, the favorably known artists, we return thanks for an elegant photograph of First street, splendidly executed. It is a fine picture and worth preserving." Daily Bee, (Portland) 6 September 1878, pg. 3, col. 1 (this picture is in Wulzen's album at the Oregon Historical Society -ed)
1878: "Big Reduction! in prices of Photographs. Card size, per dozen - $1.50, Cabinets - $3.00, The Landscape, Exterior and Interior Views that we make are unequaled in the state. Davidson Brothers Corner First and Yamhill streets Portland Oregon." Salem Daily Record, 24 September 1878 pg. 2 col. 2 (regular insertion)
1878: "Davidson Brothers, of Portland, Oregon, are leading in the Photographic business, and have reduced the price of card photos to $1 50 and cabinets to $3 per dozen. Their landscapes, exterior and interior views excel everything." East Oregonian, (Pendleton) 5 Oct 1878 pg. 4 col. 4 (regular insertion, tracked through 22 October 1878)
1878: "The excellent photo work that Davidson Brothers are turning out proves that while they have much the lowest prices, they do not intend the quality of their pictures to be excelled. They make cards for $1.30, and cabinets for $3.00 per dozen." Oregonian, 18 October 1878, pg. 3, col. 4.
1879: "Jury List... subject to service during the year... Multnomah County... Davidson, J. G. (sic), Portland, photographer" Daily Bee, (Portland) 21 January 1879, pg. 3, col. 5.
1879: "Photo work made for $1 per dozen less at Davidson Bros. than any other gallery north of San Francisco, and the work just as good when not better." Oregonian, 17 February 1879 advertisement
1879: "Jury List...State Circuit Court...J(sic). G. Davidson, Portland, photographer..." Daily Standard, (Portland) 21 May 1879 pg. 3 col. 2
1879: "I. G. Davidson does not mislead the public by giving out worthless cards, promising to make $6 worth of photo work for $5, but simply charges $2.50 per doz for cards and $5 for cabinets." Oregonian, 9 October 1879, pg. 3, col. 2.
1880: "Davidson, photographer, has reduced the price of his cabinet views of the public schools from 50 cents to 25 cents each, in order that every scholar, teacher, and parent may afford them to send to friends. Leave orders at the gallery, corner First and Yamhill" (ad not tracked yet) Oregonian, 22 October 1880
1881: "I. G. DAVIDSON. Every part of Oregon can show specimens of the good work of this Photographer. Southwest corner First and Yamhill sts." Bynon, A. A., compiler, Oregon State Directory 1881, Portland; J. K. Gill & Co. 1881 pg. 21.
1881: "Davidson, photographer, of this city, believes in making good work on small profits, so as to come within reach of the general public.This partly accounts for his immense photo trade. His gallery is one-half block further up town than any other, corner Front and Yamhill streets." Oregonian, 7 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 1 one day only.
1881: report of Mechanics Fair in Portland "DAVIDSON the photographer, has gotten up an immense number of views, which include selections from the most attractive on the Willamette, the Columbia as far as the Snake at Cour d' Alene, Spokane falls and Vancouver. In Portland alone he has taken a host and at Forest Grove the camera has been brought into play in several ways. We have mentioned but few of the views taken by this artist, and each and every one has its interesting feature. Visitors to the city are only too glad toto find views of the country and Davidson is filling their wants as far as it is possible to do so. Every week he adds to the collection. The exhibit in the art gallery is worthy of universal attention." Oregonian, 19 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 2.
1881: "Premiums awarded at Portland Mechanics Fair, which Closed Saturday Evening. ... Bronze Medals ... I. G. Davidson, Oregon photograph landscape scenery ..." Oregonian, 31 October 1881, pg. 3, col. 3.
1881: "Davidson's views of Portland, Indian Training School, Columbia river, Spokane Falls, etc, make the finest of presents to Eastern friends. Send orders early, as he is already pressed to print fast enough." Oregonian, 24 November - 28 November 1881.
1881" A full set of Davidson's views of Oregon and Columbia river scenery makes a fine present to eastern friends. His cabinet and boudoir photos are unexcelled in the city." Oregonian, 29 November - 9 December 1881
1881: "Davidson's new sky-light is the 'Bees' these dark days. His customers do not fail to get good negatives and finely finished photographs." Oregonian, 10 December 1881 - 22 December 1881.
1882: "The views of Oregon and Columbia river scenery made by Davidson, photographer, attract much attention and are in great demand. His gallery, corner First and Yamhill, Portland, is a busy place." Oregonian, 15 June 1882 - 31 July 1882.
1882: "Send for list of Davidson's views of the Pacific Northwest. Address I. G. Davidson, Photographer, Portland Oregon." Oregonian, 1 Nov 1882 pg. 3 col. 2.
1882: "It's a mistake. Davidson, the photographer, has no idea of moving his gallery from corner First and Yamhill street. He will soon have more room and better facilities than ever for good work." Oregonian, 15 November 1882.
1883: "I. G. Davidson, Photographer, At the old corner. First and Yamhill Streets, Portland." The Northwest News (Portland) 15 January 1883 (first appearance of ad, further issues not checked)
1884: "I. G. Davidson Photographer Corner First and Yamhill Streets, Portland Oregon" (regular insertion) The Columbian, (St. Helen, Columbia County OR) 6 June 1884 pg. 3 col. 3.
1887: "Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Davidson, from Applegate, Josephine county, pioneers of 1851, and original owners of the land claim northwest of Mount Tabor, now chiefly owned by Mr. Ladd, and upon which his deep well is situated, were recently in the city, visiting their son, I. G. Davidson. They spent the winter at Monmouth, Polk county." Oregonian, 17 April 1887, pg. 3, col. 3.
1897: list of Oregon pioneers in attendance at reunion and parade in Portland, "1850... I. G. Davidson ..." Weekly Oregonian, 18 June, 1897, pg. 4, col. 5
1922: "PIONEER OF OREGON DEAD, I. G. DAVIDSON, REALTOR, CAME TO NORTHWEST IN 1850. Part of Donation Claim Entered by Father Now Included in Laurelhurst Addition. I. G. Davidson, prominent Portland resident, who died last Tuesday, was one of the pioneers of the Oregon Country, having crossed the plains to this state with his parents in 1850. He was well known throughout the state and pursued successively the vocations of teacher, accountant, photographer, and realtor.
Mr. Davidson was born in Warren county, Ill, April 23, 1845. After coming to Oregon his family spent the winter in the vicinity of Milwaukie. In the spring of 1857 his father took a donation claim east of Portland a few miles, the west portion of it now being included in the Laurelhurst addition. In 1855 he sold this and removed to the vicinity of Independence, in Polk county, with his family.
The son, familiarly known as 'I. G.' was largely educated at Christian college (now the state normal) and at Willamette university.
Funeral services for Mr. Davidson were held Friday at Finley's chapel. Final services were at the Portland crematorium" Oregonian, 26 Feb 1922 sec. 1 pg. 14
1927 biography of O. C. Yocum: "... I went to Portland in 1880 and went to work for I.G. Davidson, the photographer, at First and Yamhill streets. After working in his gallery five years I started a gallery of my own on the East Side..." Oregon Journal 3 July 1927, sec. 1, pg. 6, col. 6-7. (quoted fully under Yocum in this book)
News Items pertaining to the mobile photography division.
1878: "The Palace Photograph Gallery, which has arrived and set up just below the Stine House, (brick building on Main street) Walla Walla is already doing an immence business. And no wonder, for it turns out the best pictures ever made in this country -- at extremely low prices -- 36 gems only 75 cents; card size, $1.75 per dozen." Walla Walla Statesman, (Walla Walla, WA) 7 September 1878 pg. 3 col. 2 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1878: "On account of the immence rush to the Palace Photograph Gallery, below the Stine House, it will remain a few days longer. All that want good pictures, at such low prices, should not wait until it is everlastingly too late." Walla Walla Statesman, (Walla Walla, WA) 12 October 1878 pg. 1 col. 3 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1880: "The Palace Photograph Gallery - branch of Davidson's, Portland, - has arrived in Dallas and located over Mrs. Meyer's millinery store, on Main street, to remain but a few weeks only. Owing to the great success of this, my branch gallery, at Walla Walla, The Dalles, Hillsboro, Forest Grove, McMinnville, Corvallis, etc., it is with the fullest confidence that I assure the citizens of Dallas and vicinity that they can now get photo work to please them. Mr. Severance, the operator in charge, has been associated with me for the past eighteen months, and has my full confidence in his ability as a photographer, and all will find him gentlemanly and brim full of patience for nervous mothers and the babies. All the work will be finished at the home gallery in Portland in the latest and best manner, at only $5 per dozen for cabinets and $3 per dozen for cards. Will also make all sizes of gems or tin-type pictures on short notice, and especially do I want to get orders for copying or enlarging your old pictures, which you will find much safer to entrust to our care than to irresponsible canvassers, who may or may not give you first class work nor return the original pictures. Please call and be convinced. Respectfully, I. G. Davidson, Photographer, Portland, Oregon" (above insertion also appeared 10 Sept 1880) same paper pg. 3 col. 1 "Go to Davidson's gallery and have your pictures taken. A good opportunity is here offered our citizens to get first-class work at home." Polk County Itemizer, (Dallas) 3 Sept 1880 pg. 3 col. 6
Bibliography
Wedding Announcement (Alva G. Davidson, son of I. G. Davidson, to Eva Eldridge Barnett, 7 August 1900) "Mr. and Mrs. D. J. Barnett request your presence at the marriage of their daughter Eva Eldridge to Mr. Alva G. Davidson, Tuesday evening, August seventh, nineteen hundred, at half past eight o'clock, at their residence, 188 north Eleventh street, Portland, Oregon" (courtesy Stanley Hess, of I. G. Davidson’s family)
Lockley, Fred: "The Story of Albany's Pioneer Photographer", Albany Democrat, 6 July 1924 (biography of J. G. Crawford) ".. In 1889 we moved back to Portland and I worked a couple of years for I. G. Davidson. In the winters I worked in the Portland gallery, and during the summers I ran his branch gallery in McMinnville..." (courtesy Eric Gustafson)
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 26-27, 58-59
Oregon Journal, 26 June 1949, Magazine pg. 9 review of early Oregon photographers, says about Davidson "whose field of work was a part-time enterprise of the late 1870s and early 1880s... He pictured the beauties of the Columbia River and the surrounding region, but gave equal attention to the pictorial aspects of the growing towns, western military installations, and the Forest Grove Indian School. His work was bold, clear, and well composed"
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49, No. 1, March 1948, pg. 44.
H. O. Lang, History of the Willamette Valley pg. 714 (noted by John Horn) Son of Elijah B Davidson, born Warren County Illinois 1845. Has been photographer since ca. 1880. Best scenic photographer in state. Married Sarah O. Riggs of Salem 1869, she died 1883.
Hines, Harvey, An Illustrated History of The State Of Oregon, Chicago; Lewis Publishing Co, 1893 pg. 736-737 (James G. Crawford biography) "...until 1883 he conducted a gallery in Harrisburg. In order to get the benefit of new ideas, and to further perfect himself in his chosen art, he went to Portland, and was employed in the gallery of I. G. Davidson until 1885. Returning to Albany..."
Nolan, Edward W. "Not Without Labor and Expense", Montana, (Helena; Montana Historical Society) Vol. 33, No. 3, Summer 1983, pg. 3-11, Account of N. P. R. R. last spike ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana Territory, 8 September 1883. Summary: many photographers were present at the last spike ceremony, but no photographs were made of the actual event due to the fading light and the inability to get cameras close enough. Present was a crew from I. G. Davidson of Portland, as well as other photographers including Haynes, Rutter, etc. These photographers did make views of the speeches and other aspects of the event. This article quotes the New-Northwest (Deer Lodge MT) 14 September 1883 "The photographers were out in full force Saturday. Cameras were as plentiful as locomotives, and 'dry plates' were almost as numerous as dry palates. A Portland firm had a machine as large as a dry goods box up on a platform that suggested a Sioux burying ground...". illustrated in article is Davidson view of excursion train on its way to the ceremony.


Davidson, Le Roy S.
Chronology
1896-1898 Portland
Directory Listings
1896 PCD pg. 240 "Davidson, Le Roy A, photographer, res Montavilla"
1897 PCD pg. 235 "Davidson, Le Roy S, photographer, res Montavilla"
1898 PCD pg. 241 "Davidson, LaRoy S, r Kinzel Park"


Davies, George W. (1855-1929)
Davies, Philip
Davies Studio
Chronology
1879-1918 Portland
The 1908 Sanborn insurance map of Portland, on pg. 67, shows the photo studio with a iron clad photo printing cage on the roof.
Artifacts
He produced a series of flood pictures on imprinted mounts "Views of the Flood, Portland Oregon June 1894" negatives and prints unnumbered.
Davies also issued promotional CDV photographs with interesting or comical subjects, surrounded by advertising text.
Employee Listings
Claxton, Inez G, retoucher 1905
Pfluger, Lillian M. clk Davies Studio 1910
Messegee, Achillies printer Davies Studio 1910
Davidson, John S., photographer for G W Davies 1891, retoucher 1893-1894
Evans, D. Perry photogr for G W Davies 1905-1906
Kraeft, John B. retoucher and photogr for G W Davies 1898-1900
Directory Listings
1874 SD pg. 171 "Davis (sic), Geo W., bootmaker, res 4th bet Clay and Columbia"
1875 PD pg. 74 "Davis (sic), George W., shoemaker, res e s Fourth bet Columbia and Clay"
1875 SD pg. 177 "Davies, George W., bootmaker for Smith, Champlin, & Co., res e s Fourth bet Columbia and Clay"
1876 WD pg. 74 "Davis (sic), George W., res e s Fourth bet Columbia and Clay"
1877 PD pg. 84 "Davis (sic) Geo., printer, res 4th bet Clay and Columbia"
1878 PD not listed
1879 PD pg. 92 "Davis, G. W. with F. G. Abell, res Fourth bet Columbia and Clay"
1880 PD pg. 108 "Davis, Geo, photo printer, with Abell, res Fourth bet Columbia and Clay"
1881 Ore pg. 20 Abell advertisement "House on the roof, in charge of Mr. G. W. Davis (sic) where the printing is done" pg. 296 Portland "Davies, Geo. W., photo printer, 4th st. bet Clay and Columbia"
1881 PD pg. 116 "Davies, Geo. W., photographer, res Fourth near Columbia"
1882 PD pg. 155 "Davis (sic) Geo., photographer with F. G. Abell, res 306 Fourth e s bet Clay and Columbia"
1883 PD pg. 117 "Davis, Geo. W., photographer, 94 s e cor Clay and Fifth"
1884 POWI pg. 266 Portland "Davies, George W., photographer, SW cor 1st and Taylor"
1884 GD pg. 120 "Davies, Geo. W., photographer, 17 S Fourth.", "Davies, Philip, operator Davies' Gallery, res 306 Fourth"; "Davies Gallery, cor First and Taylor"
1885 PCD pg. 166 "Davies, George W, photographer 201 1st, res 17 S 4th."
1886 PCD pg. 180 "Davies, George W, photographer cor 1st and Taylor, res 17 S 4th"
1887 PCD pg. 187 "Davies, George W, photographer cor 1st and Taylor, res 190 Jefferson"; pg. 65 additions and removals supplement "Davies Geo W, Photographer cor 1st and Taylor, res 190 Jefferson."
1888 POWI pg. 383 Portland "Davies, George W., photographer, SW cor 1st and Taylor"
1888 PCD pg. 214 "Davies, George W, photographer cor 1st and Taylor, res 190 Jefferson"
1889 PCD pg. 217 "Davies, George W, photographer cor 1st and Taylor, res 190 Jefferson"
1890 PCD pg. 208 "Davies, George W, photographer 203 1/2 1st, res 190 Jefferson"
1891 POWI pg. 443 Portland "Davies, George W., photographer, 203 1/2 1st"
1891 PCD pg. 253 "Davies, George W, photogr 203 1/2 1st, res 190 Jefferson"
1892 PCD pg. 367 "Davies, George W, photographer 203 1/2 1st, res 390 Jefferson"
1893 PCD pg. 345 "Davies, George W, photographer 265 Morrison, res 390 Jefferson"
1894 PCD pg. 283 "Davies, George W, photographer 265 Morrison, res 390 Jefferson"
1895 PCD pg. 255 "Davies, George W, photographer 265 Morrison, res 390 Jefferson"
1896 PCD pg. 240 "Davies, George W, photographer Golden Rule Bazaar Bldg, res 390 Jefferson"
1897 PCD pg. 235 "Davies, George W, photographer 265 Morrison, res 367 10th"
1898 PCD pg. 241 "Davies, George W, propr Davies Photograph Gallery, res 367 10th"; pg. 242 "Davies Photograph Gallery, George W Davies Prop. Alisky Bldg 3d and Morrison" plus display ad quoted below.
1899 EO & P pg. 44, Portland Photographers "Davies, George 265 Morrison"
1899 PCD pg. 249 "Davies, George W, photgr Alisky Bldg res 367 10th"
1900 PCD pg. 257 "Davies, George W, photgr Alisky Bldg res 367 10th"
1901 PCD pg. 237 "Davies, George W, photog, 320 Alisky bldg, res 367 10th"
1901 POWA pg. 294 Portland "Davies, George W photographer 320 Alisky bldg"
1903 PCD pg. 287 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 535 Johnson"
1904 PCD pg. 321 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 535 Johnson"
1905 PCD pg. 344 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 535 Johnson"
1906 PCD pg. 348 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 535 Johnson"
1907 PCD pg. 440 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 728 Overton"
1909 PCD pg. 400 "Davies, George W, photog 320 Alisky Bldg, res 728 Overton"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Davis (sic) Studio, 320 Alisky Bldg"
1910 PCD pg. 334 "Davies, Geo W opr Davies Studio h 728 Overton", "Davies Studio, Clarence A Defries mngr 320 Alisky bldg"
1911 PCD pg. 420 "Davies Studio C A Defries mngr 320 Alisky Bldg, Tel Main 9394, No Branches on Washington St"; "Davies, Geo W opr Davies Studio h 728 Overton"
1912 PCD pg. 432"Davies Studio C A Defries mngr 320 Alisky Bldg, Tel Main 9394", "Davies, Geo W propr Davies Studio h 728 Overton"
1913 PCD pg. 364"Davies Studio C A Defries mngr 320 Alisky Bldg, Tel Main 9394", "Davies, Geo W propr Davies Studio h 728 Overton"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Davies Studio, Alisky Bldg, Main 9394"
1914 PCD pg. 469 "Davies Studio C A Defries mngr 320 Alisky Bldg, Tel Main 9394", "Davies, Geo W (Annie) propr Davies Studio h 728 Overton"
1916 PCD pg. 372 "Davies Studio, C A Defries Mgr, 107 Broadway S bet Washington and Stark, Tel Main 9394"; "Davies, Geo W (Annie) prop Davies Studio h 728 Overton"
1917 PCD pg. 322 "Davies Studio, C A Defries mgr, 107 Broadway S bet Washington and Stark, Tel Main 9394"; "Davies, Geo W (Annie) h 728 Overton"
1917 PJD pg. 76 Photographers "Davies Studio, C. A. Defries, Mgr. 107 Broadway, Broadway Theater Bldg. Main 9394"
1918 PCD pg. 345 "Davies Studio, C A Defries mgr, 107 Broadway S bet Washington and Stark, Tel Main 9394"; "Davies, Geo W (Annie) h 728 Overton"
1925 PCD pg. 505 "Davies Studio, C A Defries mgr, 107 Broadway S bet Washington and Stark, Tel BRoadway 7384"
listing through 1928
1948 Portland Phone Directory pg. 293 "Davies Studio, 737 SW Broadway, AT-5834"
Mautz Oregon "Davies, 1890, Portland", "Davies' Photograph Gallery, 1886, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Davies, Third & Morrison St., Portland Ore." printed mount with 8 x 10 print.
"Davies, Art Photographer, Cor. First and Taylor Streets, Portland Oregon." rubber stamp on boudoir mount, school group portrait, ms date "June 15, 1891"
"Davies Studio, Art Studio, First & Taylor Sts., Portland Ore." printed front cabinet with ms. date Jan. 1892
"Davies, Cor. First and Taylor Streets., Portland Oregon" printed front cabinet, "Grand Medal awarded Portland Mechanics Fair, 1887..."
"When Others Fail, Try Davies. Art Photography. We Defy All Competition. Davies, Cor. First and Taylor sts. Portland, Or." CDV printed front
"Davies. Forest Grove, Oregon"
News Items and Advertisements
1878: "PHOTOGRAPHIC A new man in the field for glory! Mr. FRANK G. ABELL, of San Francisco, has opened in the Gallery originally fitted up by Bosco & Megler. ...Mr. George W. Davis (sic), late with Buchtel & Stolte, is employed as printer, by Mr. Abell..." Oregonian, 7 Feb 1878 pg. 3 col. 4.
1882: "Geo. W. Davies, The Photographer, will open on or about the 15th inst. First and Taylor" Oregonian, 4 - 15 November 1882.
1883: "Davies The Photographer. Children's Pictures a Specialty. Cor. First and Taylor, Portland, Or." The Northwest News (Portland) 1 January 1883 (first issue of the newspaper's publication) - 1 February 1883.
1882: "Davies, The Photographer, in a few days will be prepared to execute work in the Most Artistic style. First and Taylor" Oregonian, 15 November 1882.
1887: "THE DAVIES PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY, Cor. First and Taylor Sts., Portland, Or. All work guaranteed. The Finest Work in the Pacific Coast. Give us a trial and be convinced. We also do work in Ink, Crayon and Water Colors, at the most reasonable rates." Polk's Portland City Directory 1887, Portland; R. L. Polk & o., 1887 pg. 490.
1887: "THE MECHANICS FAIR...DIVISION 8 ART GALLERY...In class No. 44, crayon work and photography, we would make the following mention. There is but one general display of photographs, that of George Davis (sic), to whom the grand silver medal should be awarded." Oregonian, 22 October 1887, pg. 8, col. 4.
1887: "Davies. In the awards made at the Mechanics' Fair, we see that Davies was awarded the grand silver medal, and not that he should be, as was stated by mistake in Saturday's edition." Oregonian, 23 October 1887, pg. 2, col. 3.
1888: "DAVIES' PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY S. W. Corner First and Taylor Streets, Portland, Oregon. Artistic Work A Specialty. Ink, Crayon and Water Colors at the most reasonable rates." Washington Independent, (Hillsboro) 19 January 1888. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1889: "Davies, The photographer, would call your attention to his new exhibit of photographs at the gallery, corner First and Taylor; having improved his facilities, and engaged a new retoucher, he is prepared to turn out the finest work ever seen on the Pacific coast." Sunday Oregonian, 31 March 1889, pg. 8, col. 2
1891: "Davies' Acknowledged to be the Best Photographer. Cor. First and Taylor. Special Rates to Clubs and Families." Oregonian, 5 December 1890 - 10 April 1891.
1892: "I. O. O. F. -- Views of Monday’s parade for sale at Davies’ gallery, First and Taylor" Oregonian 23 September 1892.
1894: "Flooded with Views- 75, different, at Davies' Gallery, Third and Morrison" Oregonian, 1 June 1894 pg. 5, col. 2 (Portland's great flood of 1894)
1898: "Established 1880, Telephone Red 1903. DAVIES, ART PHOTOGRAPHER. N. W. cor Third and Morrison sts. Entrance on Morrison St. Take Elevator. Our Carbon Photos Excel all Others. Crayon and Water Colors to Order. Marine Views a Specialty. Awards- Medal- Portland Exposition. Medal and Diploma- St. Louis Convention of Photographers 1894" 1898 Polk's Portland City Directory, Portland; R. L. Polk & Co. pg. 241
1899: "Davies Gallery, Alisky Building, take elevator, Morrison St. near Third. Special Prices. Limited Time. reg. price spec. price
Paris Panels, Carbon Finish $7. $4.75
Extra Large Cabinets $5. $3.50
Large Cabinets $4. $2.75
Regular Cabinets $3.50 $1.95
The Cardinal, (Portland High School, Vol. 2 no. 10, June 1899)
1929: "George W. Davies, 73, Founder of the Davies photograph studio, died yesterday at his home, 879 Hamblet avenue...Mr. Davies was born in San Francisco November 10 1855, and came to Portland 62 years ago. He became known as one of Portland's finest photographers. He is survived by... stepson Clarence Defries, Portland ..." Oregonian, 4 Feb 1929, pg. 13
Bibliography
Davies, George W.: "Burnishing Gelatine and Collodion Prints. By George W. Davies, Portland, Oregon.
"That the end crowns the work is nowhere more true than in photography and burnishing. The last act in turning out a photograph, ought, if done properly, to put the finishing touch to the good work that has preceded it.
In order to obtain the best results from gelatine papers, the prints should be burnished when yet slightly damp. An even dampness is best obtained by drying prints on lines placed one above the other, thus allowing the air to circulate freely through them. As the prints dry, they should be stacked in piles, in which way they can be left until the next day without burnishing, if so desired. It is easy to ascertain whether a print is dry enough by passing the hand over its surface, and in the same way any wet spot can be detected.
Before running the prints through the burnisher, hard Castile soap of the finest quality should first be applied to the print with a canton flannel covered pad, and then rubbed gently but thoroughly off with a piece of canton flannel.
The burnishing should be fairly hot. If it is too hot the prints will blister or change color from the original tone. It is only necessary to run them through three of four times, and the result will be a beautiful and high polish. If the prints are allowed to become bone-dry before burnishing they will look dull when finished.
Collodion prints, on the other hand, need not be watched when drying, as a fine polish can be obtained on prints that are perfectly dry. If, however, they are burnished when slightly damp, an enamel-like polish will be obtained. Collodion prints should not be stacked when damp, as it often causes white spots to appear on their surface." Photographic Mosaics (annual of Wilson's Photographic Magazine) New York; Edward Wilson, 1895, pg. 233-234. illustrated is one portrait "Modesty. Geo. W. Davies, Portland, Oregon" on pg. 234. (Ed note- the effect described by Davies is similar to what we now refer to as ferrotyping.)
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Davis (sic), G. W.---Portland, Ore..."
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 48, 59.


Davis, A. Leaman
Sarony Studio
Chronology
1910-1914 Portland
Employee Listings
Moffitt, John H photographer 1913
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 335 "Davis, A Leaman, (Hayes & Hayes) photo studio and art shop 342 1/2 Washington, h same, Tel Main 6371", pg. 520 "Hayes & Hayes (A. Leaman Davis) photgrs, 342 1/2 Washington"
1911 PCD pg. 421 "Davis, A Leaman, photgr 342 1/2 Washington, h same"
1912 PCD pg. 433 "Davis, A Leaman, photgr 5th fl Royal bldg h same"
1913 PCD pg. 364 "Davis, A Leaman photgr 502 Royal bldg h same"
1914 PCD pg. 469 "Davis, A Leamon (sic) photgr 502 Royal bldg h same"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Davis, A Leaman 346 1/2 Morrison, Marshall 3330", "Sarony Studio, 346 1/2 Morrison, Marshall 3330"
1915 PCD Not listed
Photographer's Imprint
"The Sarony Studio, 346 1/2 Morrison St., Portland Ore." blind stamp on print in folder
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "SPECIAL RATES GIVEN on PHOTOS to STUDENTS. De Sarony Studio. Class Photographer for P. U. 1912. 364 1/2 Morrison Street, Portland, Oregon." Heart of Oak, (Forest Grove, Pacific University yearbook) 1913. (courtesy Eric Stewart)
1913: "Sarony, 346 1/ Morrison, Phone Marshall 3330, class photographer for 1912" The Troubador, (Portland Academy periodical Oct. 1913)
1915: "Sarony Studio, class photographer, photos that please, 346 1/2 Morrison St. Phone Marshall 3330" Oregana 1916, (University of Eugene Yearbook 1915) pg. 33
1915: "Sarony Studio. Phone Marshall 3330. 346 1/2 Morrison Street. Photos That Please. Special Rates Given to Students. Class Photographer for 1915." Reed College Annual 1915. Portland; Reed College. pg. 172.


Davis, Hugh C.
Chronology
1901 Elgin
1903 Wallowa
1907-1913 Flora
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 444 Wallowa "Davis, Hugh C photographer", plus display ad pg. 444 "Hugh C Davis, Up To Date Landscape and Portrait Photographer. Kodak work Developed and Printed. Stereoscopic Views and Pictures of Wallowa County. All Work Guaranteed. Wallowa Oregon"
1907 POW pg. 212 Flora "Davis, H C photographer"
1909 POW pg. 155 Flora "Davis, H C Justice and photographer"
1911 POW pg. 147 Flora "Davis, H C Justice and photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Davis, H. C., Flora O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Eugene F. Hug, Front Street, Elgin, Ore." Hug's name is crossed out in ms, and appended is "H. C. Davis". cabinet card, printed front. ms notation on back "picture taken June 15th 1901"


Davis, L. M.
Davis & Tull
Chronology
1909 Lakeview
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 223 Lakeview "Davis & Tull (L M Davis, Irene Tull) photographers, Indian pictures, and Indian goods"


Davis, Marshall P.
Chronology
1911-1917 Sandy
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 481 Sandy "Davis, Marshall P, photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1951 photographers "Davis, M.P., Sandy O"
1917 POW pg. 1535 photographers "Davis, J. M. (sic), Sandy O"


Davis, P. A., Mrs.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Davis, Mrs. P. A."
News Items and Advertisements
1910: "Exhibition Committee ... Mrs. P. A. Davis ... " Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 1.


Davis, S. P.
Chronology
1914-1916 Oregon City
Directory Listings
1904 PCD Oregon City section Not listed.
1916 OC pg. 47 Oregon City "Davis, S. P. (Emma A.) Sec Title & Investment Co., photographer, 927 Madison, res same, Tel Pac 214-R"
Photographer's Imprints
"S. P. Davis, 927 Madison St., Oregon City, Commercial Photographer, Specialties: Home Portraiture, Indoors Or Out, Artistic Views of Residences, Interior or Exterior, Automobile Parties, Floral Decorations, Landscapes, Animals, Etc. Also Copying and Enlarging. Prices Reasonable. Satisfaction Guaranteed. For Information or Engagement Call or Phone Evenings. Phone No. 2144" (printed sticker on back of card mount with 8" x 10" print of 1914 class at local school)


Davis, William
Chronology
1906 Portland
Directory Listings
1906 PCD pg. 351 "Davis, Wm, photog J. H Peat, bds 411 9th N."


Davis, W. W. (Portland)
Chronology
1865 Portland
Directory Listings
1865 PD pg. appendix "Davis, W. W., photographer, 89 First"
No Further Listings


Day
Holland & Day
Chronology
1859 Oregon City
News Items and Advertisements
1858: "Ambrotype and Photographic Rooms, Opposite Geo. Abernathy & Co.'s Brick store, Oregon City. The undersigned are prepared to take likenesses, such as Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Photographs, or Pictures on Patent Leather, suitable for sending in letters, all of which will be executed in the Latest and Neatest Style, and on short notice, and reasonable terms. Groups and Locket pictures taken very low. Call and examine our pictures, and judge for yourselves. Rooms opposite Abernethy & Co.'s brick store. Holland & Day. June 11, 1859." Oregon Argus, (Oregon City) 11 June 1859, pg. 2, col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)


Day, Lewis L.
Day & Lyon
Chronology
1905 Prairie City
Directory Listings
1905 POW pg. 476 Prairie City "Day & Lyon (Lewis L Day and Mrs. Lyon) photographers"


Day, Sarah E., Mrs.
Chronology
1892-1893 Portland
Directory Listings
1892 PCD pg. 370 "Day, Mrs, res 524 Market"
1893 PCD pg. 347 "Day, Mrs. Sarah E photographer 537 Albina av, res same"
1895 PCD not listed
1896 PCD pg. 257 "Day, Sarah E (wid) bds 449 6th"
1897 PCD pg. 242 "Day, Sarah A (wid De W C) bds 48 E 9th N"
1898 PCD not listed
1899 pg. 243 "Day, Sarah A (wid D W C) bds 48 E 9th N"
1900 PCD not listed
1901 PCD pg. 240 "Day, Sarah A (wid Dewitt C), bds 48 e 9th N."
1903 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"S. E. Day, Lower Albina" cabinet card rubber stamped front
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 59


De Monbrum, David
Chronology
1915 Newberg
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "De Monbrum, David, Newberg O"


Dealey, Charles A.
Elite Studio
Chronology
1895-1897 Portland
Directory Listings
1895 PCD pg. 257 "Dealey, Charles A, viewer W H Ribelin, res 475 Washington"
1896 PCD pg. 243 "Dealey, Charles A, photographer, res 431 Washington, res same"
1897 PCD pg. 238 "Dealey, Charles A, photographer, 45 1/2 Union av, saloon 49 same, res 45 1/2 same"
1898 -1903 PCD not listed
Mautz California pg. 8 "Dealey, Charles Allen, 1898-1904, San Francisco" "Dealey Brothers (C Allen and George L) 1900-1901 San Francisco
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: Charles Dealey was a San Francisco photographer in 1892. He is listed at 1004 McAllister, San Francisco, in 1898. He is a partner in Dealey Bros (Charles and George L Dealey) in 1900. He was located at 1379 Vallejo in San Francisco in 1902.
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 59-60


Dean
Chronology
1913 Cottage Grove
1913 Creswell
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Armstrong & Dean, Cottage Grove O"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Armstrong & Dean, Creswell O"


Dean, James
Chronology
1909-1925 Portland
Directory Listings
1904-1907 PCD Not listed
1909 PCD pg. 466 "Dean, James, printer W G Cutberth"
1910 PCD pg. 340 "Dean, Jas photgr r 360 E 6th"
1911 PCD pg. 427 "Dean, Jas, r 347 Oak"
1915 PCD Not listed
1925 PCD pg. 513 "Dean, Jas M (Ida L) photog h 45 Ptl Blvd W"


Defries, Clarence A.
Defries, Isabelle F.
Chronology
1901-1925 Portland
Home address is the same as Davies. Note Defries is Davies' stepson.
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 241 "Defries, Clarence A, photog G W Davies bds 367 10th"
1903 PCD pg. 292 "Defries, Clarence A photog G W Davies bds 535 Johnson"
1904 PCD pg. 327 "Defries, Clarence A photog G W Davies rms 535 Johnson"
1905 PCD pg. 350 "Defries, Clarence A mngr G W Davies bds 535 Johnson"
1906 PCD pg. 355 "Defries, Clarence A mngr G W Davies bds 535 Johnson"
1907 PCD pg. 448 "Defries, Clarence A mngr G W Davies bds 728 Overton"
1909 PCD pg. 468 "Defries, Clarence A photog G W Davies bds 728 Overton"
1910 PCD pg. 342 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio b 728 Overton "
1911 PCD pg. 429 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio b 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F r 728 Overton photographer"
1912 PCD pg. 442 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio b 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F b 728 Overton"
1913 PCD pg. 371 "Defries, C A mngr Davies Studio h 159 E 70th N", "Defries, Isabelle F b 728 Overton"
1914 PCD pg. 477 "Defries, Clarence A (Meryl L) mngr Davies Studio h 159 E 70th N", "Defries, Isabella F b 728 Overton"
1915 PCD pg. 375 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio h 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F b 728 Overton"
1916 PCD pg. 380 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio h 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F b 728 Overton"
1917 PCD pg. 330 "Defries, Clarence A mngr Davies Studio h 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F r 728 Overton"
1917 PJD pg.76 Photographers "Davies Studio, C. A. Defries, Mgr. 107 Broadway, Broadway Theater Bldg. Main 9394"
1918 PCD pg. 355 "Defries, C A mgr Davies Studio h 728 Overton", "Defries, Isabelle F r 728 Overton"
1925 PCD pg. 516 "Defries, Clarence A (Mabel C.) mngr Davies Studio, h 877 26th N"
News Items and Advertisements
"George W. Davies, 73, Founder of the Davies photograph studio, died yesterday ... He is survived by...stepson Clarence Defries, Portland..." Oregonian, 4 Feb 1929 pg.13


DeGroot, Henry
Chronology
1884-1886 Corvallis
Directory Listings
1884 POWI pg. 118 Corvallis "DeGroot & Morris (Henry DeGroot, Charles Morris), photographers"
1886 Pacific Coast pg. 994 "DeGroot, H. photographer."
1886 POWI pg. 134 "DeGroot, Henry, photographer."
Mautz Oregon "DeGroot, 1880-1886, Corvallis"
Bibliography
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes. Summary: There were two Henry DeGroot photographers, a Jr. and Sr.
Jr. was born in New York.
Sr. was in California by 1854 at the Cosmopolitan Photo Gallery in San Francisco. He was at 525 Kearney St 1869-1870.


Deitz, Horace C.
Chronology
1905 Prosser WA
1907-1920 Hood River
Directory Listings
1905 POW pg. 850 Prosser WA "Deitz, H. C., photgr"
1907 POW pg. 243 Hood River "Deitz, Horace C photographer Views and Portraits"
1909 POW pg. 187 Hood River "Deitz, Horace C photographer"
1910 Or pg. 241 Hood River "Deity (sic) Photo Studio 121 State St"
1911 POW pg. 177 Hood River "Deitz, Horace C photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Deitz, H. C., Hood River O"
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Deitz, H. C., Hood River O"
1917 Polk The Dalles directory pg. 180 "Dietz Horace C (Rose M), photogr 121 State, res 433 Eugene"
1920 Polk Wasco County directory pg. 120 "Deitz Horace (Rose), Photographer, photo Supplies, Amateur Developing, Mail Orders Filled, 121 State, Tel 3752, h 505 Eugene, Tel 3134"
Photographer’s Imprints
"Deitz. Hood River, Oregon" blind stamp in portrait folder.


DeMeyer, M. Mrs.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1910 PCD pg. 344: "DeMeyer, Mrs M attdt W. G. Cutberth, bds 320 Montgomery"


Dennie, Oliver
Opposition Line
Chronology
before 1871 California
1871-1873 Portland
1873 Tacoma and Olympia WA
1874-1875 Portland
Employee Listings
Davidson, John S., assistant to Oliver Dennie 1875
McGowan, J., photographer for Dennie 1871
Directory Listings
1872 PD pg. 63 "Dennie, O., photographer, 107 Front"
1873 PD pg. 93 "Dennie, Oliver, photographer, res s s Market bet Third and Fourth", additions supplement pg. 50k, "Dennie Oliver, photographer, resides Market between Third and Fourth"
1873 SD pg. 144 "Dennie, Oliver, photograph gallery, cor First and Taylor, res Market bet Third and Fourth"
1873 Or pg. 321 Portland "Dennie, Oliver, cor First and Taylor, photograph gallery"
1874 PD pg. 89 "Dennie, Oliver, photographer, res s e cor Third and Columbia.", appendix pg. 44 "Dennie, Oliver photographer, s w cor Yamhill and First, res w s Fifth bet Salmon and Main"
1874 SD pg. 172 "Dennie, Oliver, photograph gallery, s w cor First and Yamhill, res w s Fifth bet Salmon and Main"
1875 PD pg. 76 "Dennie, Oliver, photographer, s w cor First and Yamhill"
1875 SD pg. 179 "Dennie, Oliver photographer, s w cor First and Yamhill, res same"
Mautz Oregon "Dennie, Oliver, 1875, Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Oliver Dennie, 107 Front St., Portland Or." (rubber stamp on CDV back)
"Oliver Dennie, portrait and landscape photographer, cor First and Yamhill" printed back of stereo card 4" x 7", view of Front St., (collection Paul Missal)
"Oliver Dennie, photographer, Cor. First and Taylor Streets, Portland Oregon" CDV printed back (OHS collection)
SHUSTER & DENNIE
OVERPRINT: "Excelsior Art Gallery. Shuster & Davidson, Cor. First and Yamhill Sts. Successors to Shuster and Dennie, Portland, Ogn" CDV printed back, ms date 1876, which may not be reliable. (OHS study collection of CDVs)
News Items and Advertisements
1871: "A NEW PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY ON FRONT STREET. HAVING BUILT A NEW OPERATING ROOM, and having a new outfit of Improved Cameras - the best on the Coast - and having lately arrived from California with all the latest improvements in the art, I would respectfully invite the Ladies and Gentlemen of Portland and vicinity to call and visit my new rooms. Having had fifteen years experience in the Photographic line, and having the best and largest Top Light in the city, I will guarantee a true and pleasing picture or no charge. AMBROTYPES, PLAIN PHOTOGRAPHS, ENAMELED CARDS, REMBRANDTS. PICTURES COPIED. VIEWS of residences at reduced prices. Only One flight of stairs. Remember the place: No., 107 Front St., bet Alder & Morrison. OLIVER DENNIE, Artist." Oregonian, 13 June, 1871 pg.2 col 3 (first insertion)
1872: account of fire in Portland 22 December. "...O. Dennie, lose by fire $1000. no insurance..." Oregonian, 23 December 1872, pg. 3, col. 4.
1872: "ADDITIONAL LOSSES - Since our last issue the following additional losses sustained...have been ascertained...Oliver Dennie, protographer (sic); loss $3000...", "PLACES OF BUSINESS - The following persons who were burned out by the late fire are now conducting business ... Oliver Dennie, protoghrapher (sic), can be found on Market, between Third and Fourth..." Oregonian, 24 December 1872, pg. 3, col. 1.
1872: "LOSS AND INSURANCE - The following list comprises as nearly as can be ascertained a complete table of the losses sustained by our citizens by Sunday's fire, and also the various amounts for which some of the parties were insured ... O. Dennie, photographer <Loss> $3000, <insurance> None..." Oregonian, 25 December 1872, pg. 3, col. 3.
1873: "Mr. O. Dennie, photographer, who lost his entire stock in the fire, leaves on the steamer to-day for San Francisco to purchase a new outfit. He expects to be able to open early in March." Oregonian, 13 February 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "STEAMER SAILED.- The steamer Ajax sailed last evening for San Francisco with a full freight and the following passengers... Oliver Dennie..." Oregonian, 14 February 1873, pg. 3, col. 1.
1873: "Oliver Dennie, photographer, and Dr. Glenn, dentist, are fitting up rooms in Quimby's building, corner of Taylor and First streets. They expect to be ready to attend to customers by the 1st prox." Oregonian, 22 March 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "The Art Gallery of Portland. (Late 'Opposition Line') Corner First and Taylor streets - No. 147. Having just returned From San Francisco with a new outfit to replace the one lost in the late fire, I have fitted up a new set of rooms, the most convenient in the State of Oregon - only one flight of stairs. The top light is built on the same plan as the leading galleries of San Francisco, together with all the improvement, including Revolving Shades to produce the fine, soft shades on the picture. I will introduce the Floating Photographs, something new, and a beautiful style of pictures; also, Porcelain, Enameled Cards, and all the latest improvements of the art. I would solicit my former patrons, and ladies and gentlemen of Portland and vicinity to call and visit my new rooms and pictures; O. Dennie, Photographer, Cor First and Taylor, over Farnsworth & Co.'s Grocery. Oregonian, 31 May - 1 July 1873,
1873 "Opposition Line! Great Reduction in Prices; All who want First Class Work, equal to any, can be accommodated at Dennie's Gallery, cor. First and Taylor Sts. First class work at low prices. Photographs $2.50 Per Dozen. All classes of Work, from Locket up to Life Size promptly attended to. Views of Residences at Reduced Prices." Oregonian, 2 July 1873 (date of first insertion, last insertion August 2, the date the studio burned down.) (note the wording in this ad is specifically designed to compete with Buchtel's ad also appearing at this time)
1873: "Losses (fire of Aug. 2, 1873)...O. Dennie, photographer, $600; no insurance..." Oregonian, 4 August 1873, pg. 3, col. 6,
1873: "Losses and insurance...revised list...great fire of Aug. 2, 1873...O. Dennie, photographer, stock, etc 600 (dollars loss)..." Oregonian, 8 August 1873, pg. 3, col. 3
1873: "PHOTOGRAPHING: OLIVER DENNIE, a Portland photographer, arrived in Tacoma yesterday and went on to Seattle. He will be back today and try his fortune a short time in Tacoma. He has his instruments with him, and will take views of the town and surrounding scenery as well as pictures of the good people of our town." The Daily Pacific Tribune, (Tacoma, WA) 13 September 1873, pg. 3, col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1873: "Mr. Oliver Dennie has leased Woodard's Gallery, at Olympia, for several weeks where he will be happy to produce the 'counterfeit presentiments' of the Sound folks. His reputation is first class and is sufficient to insure him a liberal patronage. During his absence new rooms will be prepared for him in Woodard's new building, corner Yamhill and First streets." Oregonian, 17 October 1873, pg. 3, col. 2.
1873: "At Olympia. Mr. OLIVER DENNIE, the Photographic Artist, has leased the Gallery at Olympia for several weeks and will furnish the citizens at that place with Pictures of a superior style" Oregonian, 17 October - 7 November 1873.
1873: "GOOD TEETH AND FINE PICTURES! A. B. WOODARD of Olympia, informs the citizens of Puget Sound and other parts of the world, too, that he is again practicing the arts of dentistry and photography at the old stand, and hopes to retain his old and secure much new patronage for the future. He has recently secured the skilled services of Mr. Oliver Dennie of Portland, in the photographic department... Main Street between Fifth and Sixth, Olympia, W. T." The Weekly Pacific Tribune, (Tacoma WA) 24 October 1873, pg. 2, col. 5 (courtesy Michael Cirelli) (quoted fully under listing of A. B. Woodard)
1873: "PHOTOGRAPHER DENNIE took his camera up to the Seminary, and 'took' the photographs of the scholars in a group." The Puget Sound Daily Courier, (Olympia, WA) 14 November 1873 pg. 3, col. 1. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1874: "Call at O. Dennie's new photograph rooms and see the new invention for taking fine pictures. Only one flight of stairs, corner Yamhill and First." Oregonian, 27 - 28 March 1874
1874: "For a fine picture go to Dennie's new photograph rooms, Yamhill and First streets. Employs one of the best lately from the East) photographers and retouchers in Oregon. Sure to please all who give him a trial. Only one flight of stairs." Oregonian, 6 April - June 1874.
1875: "Photography. The very finest photographs are now taken at the new firm of Shuster and Dennie, who have just refitted their rooms, corner of First and Yamhill." Oregonian 3 March - 29 March 1875
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 60


Denning, P. Harry
Chronology
1892-1914 Portland
Directory Listings
1892 PCD pg. 375 "Denning, Harry photog res 608 Williams av"
1893 PCD pg. 352 "Denning, Peter H photographer res 606 Williams av"
1894 PCD pg. 290 "Dening, (sic) Harry photographer res 606 Williams av"
1895 PCD pg. 261 "Denning Harry photographer res 606 Williams av"
1896 PCD pg. 246 "Denning, P. Harry, photographer, 606 Williams, res same", "Denning, P. H., motorman C & S Ry, bds 606 Williams av"
1897 - 1899 PCD not listed
1900 PCD pg. 263 "Denning, P H, cond S & S Ry, res 606 Williams av"
1901 PCD not listed
1903 PCD pg. 294 "Denning P H carman C & S Ry"
1904 PCD pg. 329 "Denning, Harry, photog, res 606 Williams av."
1905 PCD pg. 354 "Denning, Harry, photog, res 606 Williams av."
1906 PCD pg. 358 "Denning, Harry, carman P Ry Co, res 606 Williams av."
1907 PCD pg. 452 "Denning, Harry, carman P Ry, L & P Co"
1909 PCD pg. 472 "Denning, Harry, carman P Ry, L & P Co"
1910 PCD pg. 345 "Denning, Harry, carman P R L & P Co h 606 Williams av"
1911 PCD pg. 434 "Denning, Harry, photgr h 1099 Kerby"
1912 PCD pg. 447 "Denning, Hugh E (sic) carman P R L & P Co b 1241 Michigan"
1913 PCD pg. 375 "Denning, Harry photgr h 1099 Kerby"; "Denning, P H PRL&P Co r 1099 Kerby"
1914 PCD pg. 482 "Denning, Harry (Louise) photgr h 1099 Kerby"
1915 PCD pg. 379 "Denning, P H Mrs h 1679 Hodge"
1916 PCD pg. 381 "Denning, Louise (wid Harry) h 1679 Hodge"


DeRemo, Victor H.
Penny Studio
Chronology
1914 Portland
Directory Listings
1914 PCBD Photographers "Penny Studio 104-11th (phone #) Main 7917"
1914 PCD pg. 483 "DeRemo, Victor H photgr 104 11th r 411 Burnside"


Desmond, Robert Ansley Brittain
Chronology
New York
1863 San Francisco CA
1864-1866 Portland
1867 San Francisco CA
1868 Virginia City
1871-1872 San Francisco CA
1872-1873 Downieville, Sierra County CA
1874 San Francisco CA
1874 Victoria BC
1878 Colusa CA
1879 Oroville CA
1880 Etna, Siskiyou County CA
1882 Silveyville, Solano County CA
1886 The Dalles
From advertisements, it is possible to conclude he began photography in 1858, worked for Brady in New York for two years, also for Humphrey's Gallery in New York, William Shew's Gallery in San Francisco, and spent several years on the Pacific coast before arriving in Portland in early 1864.
It is interesting to note he became a volunteer fireman in the same company as Buchtel.
Directory Listings
1865 PD not listed
1866 PD pg. 45 "Desmond, R. A., photographer, 89 First, res S E cor Washington and Third"
1867 PD pg. 47 "Desmond, operator at Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 First, bds cor B and First"
1878 Marysville Appeal Directory of Northern California pg. 133: Desmond, R A, Colusa; Valleau Gallery, Fifth St., over Hanson's Drug Store.
Official Records
1867 San Francisco census, "Desmond, Robert Auxley, <age> 40, <born> LO, <address on> Hampton Place. July 1867
1872 Great Register, San Francisco, Desmond, Robert Auxley, born Louisiana, residence Hampton place, aged 40 when registered on 28 June, 1867.
1872 Great Register of Sierra County Ca, Downieville, no. 705, Desmond, Robert Ansley, artist, born Louisiana, aged 50 on date of registration 30 September 1872.
1873 Great Register of Sierra County CA, Downieville, no. 583.
1879 Great Register of Butte County, CA, Oroville, no. 1041, Desmond, Robert Ansley Brittain, Oroville, photographer, born Louisiana, aged 57 on date of registration 22 March 1879.
1880 Great Register of Siskiyou County Ca, Etna, no. 542, Desmond, Robert Ainsley B, born Louisiana, aged 59 on date of registration 25 September 1880.
1882 Great Register of Solano County, Silveyville, no. 1257, Desmond, Robert Ainsley Brittain, born Louisiana, aged 61 on date of registration 9 September 1882 (all official records courtesy Peter Palmquist)
News Items and Advertisements
1864: "Pictures - Buchtel & Cardwell advertise that they have secured the services of a first class Artist, direct from New York city. The present is a favorable time - fine weather and all that - to secure a good picture, and we recommend our readers to give them a call." Oregonian, 14 March 1864, pg. 3, col. 1. (This appears to be R. A. Desmond)
1864: "BUCHTEL & CARDWELL. WE HAVE SECURED THE Services of a FIRST CLASS ARTIST direct from New York city, with six years experience in taking the Fashionable Card Pictures. With our present facilities we can supply our patrons with a Superior Style of Picture without delay. Rooms - No. 89 First street, Portland, Oregon." Oregonian, 14 March - 24 April 1864. (This appears to be R. A. Desmond)
1864: "A Fine Frame - among the many fine things at Buchtel & Cardwell's Gallery is an exquisite picture frame, wrought in shell by Mrs. L. S. McLauren, of Brooklyn. It is a credit to the lady's good taste, and we think is deserving of notice." Oregonian, 15 April 1864, pg. 3, col. 1. (it is possible that this woman arrived with R. A. Desmond)
1865: "...The undersigned having refitted and refurbished the old Gallery of BUCHTEL & CARDWELL, No. 89 First street, Portland, and engaged the services of MR. DESMOND, of Wm. Shew's Gallery, San Francisco, of whom Mr. Shew says in his letter of recommendation, 'I think he possesses all the requisite qualifications of a FIRST CLASS OPERATOR, and has the best practical knowledge of Photographic Chemistry of any man in California,'... F. DALTON..." Oregonian, 2 March - 3 April 1865 (The text changed over the course of the month. The recommendation of Shew was an addition.)
1865: "DALTON'S GALLERY - The old-time gallery on First street, known for years as Buchtel & Cardwell's, as a pleasant resort for procuring photo.'s (sic), cards de visit (sic), etc., has passed into the proprietorship of F. Dalton, Esq., and has been fitted up in excellent order for business. ... The facilities for operating are much increased, by additional rooms, and every attention will be given for the accommodation of patrons. Mr. Desmond, late of Shew's gallery in San Francisco, who is known for his ability as an artist, has arrived here and will assume control as the leading operator. See Mr. D's card, in another column."
1865: "FOUND - I have engaged the services of R. A. DESMOND - formerly of Humphrey's Gallery, New York City, and lately of W. Shew's Gallery, San Francisco, - and am now prepared to take as good CARD DE VISITES and LARGE PHOTOGRAPHS as can be taken in San Francisco. Gentlmen and ladies are invited to call and satisfy themselves. Negatives preserved if requested. F. DALTON, No. 89 First street, Portland." Oregonian, 4 April - 1865
1865: "Portland Fire Department...(list of members of engine co. no. 2)...R. A. Desmond, artist..." (Buchtel's squad) Oregonian, 17 August 1865, pg. 4
1865: "Dalton's Gallery and Museum. Buchtel & Cardwell's Old Stand, No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Having purchased F. Dalton's interest in the above Establishment, it will hereafter be known as 'Cardwell's Gallery And Museum.'. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, and conduct the business as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 22 November 1865 (last insertion)
1865: "Cardwell's Gallery - It will be seen that the popular establishment, formerly known as Buchtel & Cardwell's Gallery, on First street, and more recently as Dalton's Gallery and Museum, has passed into the possession of Dr. Cardwell. Mr. Desmond, the somewhat famous artist, will remain in the establishment. Mr. Desmond is from the school of artists so popular in the East, and was once connected with the establishment of Brady, in New York. He has won considerable fame on the Pacific coast of late years, not a small part of which has been acquitted in Portland the past year." Oregonian, 23 November 1865, pg. 3, col. 1.
1865: "Cardwell's Gallery & Museum. No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, and conduct the business as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 23 November 1865 (first insertion)
1866: "Cardwell's Photographic Gallery & Museum. No. 89 First Street, Portland, Oregon. Mr. Desmond - several years Brady's Operator at New York City - will continue to take First-Class Card Pictures, as heretofore. J. R. Cardwell." Oregonian, 11 January 1866 (last insertion)
1866: "PHOTOGRAPHICAL- ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL, Proprietors of the CARDWELL GALLERY, 89 First Street, announce that they are fully prepared to meet the increasing demand for their First Class Pictures. Their CARTES DE VISITE are inimitable and beyond competition" Oregonian 9 April 1866 (first)
1866: "New Firm - Dr. Cardwell has associated with him in the business of Photographing, Mr. F. Ellsworth, who has lately arrived from the East. Mr. Desmond, who has earned a first-class reputation as an operator, will continue with the new firm. Read their card in another column." The Daily Herald, (Portland) 12 April 1866 pg. 3, col. 2
1866: "CARDWELL PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY, 89 First. Street, between Washington and Alder, Portland, Oregon.This old and well-known GALLERY & MUSEUM, having passed into the hands of the present proprietors, ... The services of the distinguished operator and artist Mr. R. A. Desmond, have been secured, which announcement is sufficient for the customers of this establishment. ... ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL, proprietors Cardwell Photographic Gallery, 89 First Street." The Daily Herald, (Portland) 12 April 1866 pg. 3 (first insertion)
1866: "FINE PICTURES- Ellsworth & Cardwell continue to take the lead in PHOTOGRAPHS, ALBUM and VISITING CARDS, AMBROTYPES, etc., at the Cardwell Gallery, 89 First Street, above Washington. The celebrated artist, Mr. Desmond, superintends the operating room. Persons may sit at any time from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m." Oregonian 13 - 18 April 1866
1866: "A TRUE PICTURE- By calling on ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL at the CARDWELL PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY, 89 First Street, persons may get the MOST BEAUTIFUL as well as the MOST LIFE-LIKE PICTURE of themselves in this country. A single trial of the skill of MR. DESMOND, the distinguished Operator, will completely convince the most skeptical." Oregonian 24 April 1866
1866: "FACIAL EXPRESSION.- ELLSWORTH & CARDWELL at their gallery, 89 First Street, can show, and are now taking the most superb CARD PICTURES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AMBROTYPES, MELAINOTYPES, etc. Mr. Desmond is the Operator at this Establishment and stands without a rival here or elsewhere." Oregonian 25 April 1866
1866: "TIS WELL - Ellsworth & Cardwell, 89 Front street (Post office block) would again call attention to the fact, that unless those persons wanting PICTURES call at their GALLERY before January 1st, they will be sure to regret it. The distinguished operator of this establishment leaves this city after New Year's Day..." Oregonian, 20-22 December 1866
1886: "For the best photographs in Wasco county or in Eastern Oregon, and so pronounced by all competent judges, go to the tent gallery, adjoining Snipes & inersly's. Desmond is the only first-class photographer in The Dalles." The Dalles Times-Mountaineer 30 January and 6 February 1886.
Bibliography
Mattison, David, Camera Workers - The British Columbia Photographer's Directory 1858-1900, author 1985, pg. D-3. Lists R. A. Desmond as working in Victoria BC from June to October 1874, as a retoucher for the firms of Victoria Theater Photographic Gallery, and for Noah Shakespeare. His immediate prior employment was with Bradley & Rulofson in San Francisco. References of the Standard 20 June 1874 pg. 3, Colonist 16 October 1874 pg. 3, and Colonist 7 November 1874 pg. 3 are given.
Palmquist, Peter, unpublished research notes: Desmond & Sutterley was a photography partnership in Virginia City ca. 1868. Address was Union Block, corner B and Taylor streets.


Derby, F. L.
Chronology
1908-1914 La Fayette
News Items and Advertisements
1908: "International Photographic Association...State Secretaries... Oregon- F. L. Derby, La Fayette." Camera Craft, December 1908 - August 1918.


Dewert
Chronology
1890 Portland
Bibliography
Steel, William G; The Mountains of Oregon, Portland; David Steel, 1890, pg. 34 Josephine County Caves. account of early exploration of caves near Grants Pass. pg. 36: "We were extremely anxious to try a new process for taking photographs in the dark, so Dewert took his camera and acted as photographer for the party. Owing to the limited space at times and the cramped manner of locomotion it required the services of four men to carry the camera and accompanying necessities. Having reached a suitable place for a picture, the camera was first put in position, a board was laid on the top of it on which a tin reflector was placed, and a little powder called the lightning flash was then poured on the board in front of the reflector. At this point the order was given, 'Douse the glim,' and all lights were extinguished. The plate was exposed in perfect darkness, the powder was ignited, and instantly there was a flash of the most intense light. This light was so brilliant that, for several minutes, it caused in the eyes a glimmering sensation of light. Several photographs were taken in this way, which will doubtlessly prove excellent examples of what ingenuity can do in the dark."


De Wert, Mae M., Miss.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 332 "De Wert, Mae M, bkpr C L Mastick & Co, bds 533 Morrison"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...De Wert, Miss M. ..."


Dickman, C. W.
Chronology
Salem
Directory Listings
1893-1896-1905-1907-1909-1913 Salem Directories not listed. Frank Dickman is listed as a gardener.
Photographer's Imprints
"C. W. Dickman, Photo, Salem, Ore."


Dill, Benjamin (ca. 1838-1906)
Dill, Ebbin W.
Chronology
1904-1905 Portland
Employee Listings
Taylor, Jesse photographer 1904
Canaris, Catherine, photographer 1905
Directory Listings
1903 PCD not listed
1904 PCD pg. 335 "Dill, Benjamin photog 386 E Morrison bds 264 1/2 1st", "Dill, Ebbin W, furn rms 264 1/2 1st"
1905 PCD pg. 360 "Dill, Benjamin, photog 386 E Morrison, bds 264 1/2 1st"; "Dill, Ebbin W, fur rms 246 1/2 1st"
1905 POW pg. 376 Portland "Dill, Benjamin photographer 386 E Morrison", "Dill, Ebew W photographer, 386 E Morrison"
1906 PCD pg. 365 "Dill, Benjamin, trav agt B-F Drug Co. bds Hotel Scott.", "Dill, Ebbin W, fur rms 264 1st"
1907 PCD pg. 460 "Dill, Ebbin W, fur rms 264 1/2 1st"
1909 PCD pg. 481 "Dill, Ebbin W, fur rms 264 1/2 1st"
1910 PCD pg. 352 "Dill, Eben W h 211 Hall"
1911 PCD not listed
Bibliography
Oregonian newspaper index file at Multnomah Library "Benjamin Dill, died Portland April 21, 1906, age 68"


Dillon, Frank
Chronology
1910 Fort Klamath
1910 Gardnerville, Nev.
News Items and Advertisements
1911: "International Photographic Association... Changes of Address... 1831 - Frank Dillon, Gardnerville, Nev. (Was Lock Box 13, Fort Klamath, Ore.)" Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 2, February 1910, pg. 84, col. 2.


Dimmitt, Edward L. (1881-1963)
Cross & Dimmitt
Electric Studio
Chronology
1914-1930's Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD pg. 482 "Dimmitt, Ed, waiter, Strobel & Barensecher."
1910 PCD Not listed
1911 PCD pg. 444 "Dimmitt, Edw L waiter, h 422 Hall"
1912 PCD pg. 459 "Dimmitt, Edw L elec h 422 Hall"
1913 PCD pg. 385 "Dimmitt, Edw L elec h 422 Hall"
1914 PCD pg. 492 "Dimmitt, Edw L Jr. (Blanche) (Electric Studio) h 422 Hall"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Electric Studio, 414 Wash, Main 7487"
1915 PCD pg. 352 "Cross, Arthur B (Electric Studio) r E 88th and Mill", "Electric Studio (E. L. Dimmitt Jr A B Cross) photgrs 414 Wash", "Dimmitt, Edw L Jr. (Blanche) (Electric Studio) h 25-234 19th N."
1916 PCD pg. 394 "Dimmitt, Edw L Jr. (Blanche) (Cross & Dimmitt) h 422 Hall"
1917 PCD pg. 343 "Dimmitt, Edw L Jr. (Blanche) (Cross & Dimmitt) h 2062 E Mill"
1918 PCD pg. 369 "Dimmitt, Edw L Jr. (Blanche) photgr h E 82d se cor E Mill"
1925 PCD pg. 522 "Dimmitt Edw L (Blanche; Cross & Dimmitt) h 674 E 64th N", pg. 487 "Cross & Dimmitt (A B Cross E L Dimmitt) scenic photog 1801 Sandy blvd"
News Items and Advertisements
1931: "POLITENESS RARE VIRTUE NOW, SCENIC PHOTOGRAPHER FINDS E. L. Dimmitt Tells of Ingratitude of Vista House Visitors: Eastern Traveler, However, Is Loud in Her Praise. People aren't as polite as they used to be when Edward L. Dimmitt was a schoolboy, so when he recently received a letter from a New Jersey woman who visited Vista house last summer he was so impressed that he brought the letter in to the Oregonian.
Mr. Dimmitt is a scenic photographer who operates a concession at the Vista house and in the course of a year he comes into contact with thousands of tourists from all over the world.
"Just as a sample of the ingratitude of the traveling public," says Mr. Dimmitt " take my experience Sunday at Vista House. The wind blew a gale nearly all day, and whenever a motorist stopped at my place I would immediately meet him at the door and invite the occupants of the automobile to warm themselves by the heater. And when they left I would hold the door of the auto open for them, as the wind was so strong it could very easily have broken a hinge."
"I extended these courtesies to a hundred tourists during the day and not one said 'thank you' or 'much obliged'."
"But a woman who lives in New Jersey is different. She lost a fountain pen at Vista house last summer and thought she had not much hope of recovering it, she telegraphed me from her home in Newark. Luckily we had found the pen and were able to return it. We all felt amply repaid for our trouble when I received the following letter:
"'Would that the east had the honesty and kindness of the west. My pen and your telegram came yesterday. The pen was a gift, and so was very precious. I thought it useless to telegraph, as I had left the pen in a public place, where visitors are continually arriving. But my western friends assured me that it would be returned if found.
"' They were right. Had I laid it down in New York, though, it would have vanished before my back was turned- and once having vanished it would never have been seen again by me.
"' I shall have much pleasure in recalling the courtesy and kindness you have shown me, by not only answering my telegram, but by finding and forwarding the pen. Thank you many times. " ' MRS. JANE E. McDONOUGH " ' 4 White Terrace, Newark, N. J. ' "
Mr. Dimmitt says people who stop at the Vista house very carelessly leave jewelry, articles of clothing, trinkets and even money. On one occasion this year a man left a wallet in which he had several hundred dollars in currency. The man got his wallet and money." Oregonian, 1 December 1931, pg. 11.
1963: "EDWARD L. DIMMITT. Funeral for Edward L. Dimmitt, 82, Manager of the vista House on the Columbia River Highway for 40 years and noted for his photography of the area, will be Tuesday at 10:30 a.m. from Ross Hollywood Chapel. Burial will be at Rose City Cemetery. He died Friday. Mr. Dimmitt was a member of Friendship Lodge 106, AF& AM, the Scottish Rite, and a life member of the AL Kader Shrine. Born in Columbia, Mo., he has been a resident of Portland for 58 years.
Survivors include a son, Oliver L.; three sisters, Mrs. Maude s. Randall, San Diego; Mrs. Daisey Townsend, Long Beach, Calif., and Mrs. Bessie Lee, Kansas City, Mo., and two grandchildren." Oregonian, 29 April 1963. pg. 17. col. 1.
1963: "Former Vista House Manager, E. L. Dimmitt, Dies. Services will be held at 10:30 a.m. Tuesday in Ross Hollywood Chapel for Edward L. Dimmitt, photographer and former manager of the Vista House at Crown Point. He died Friday at the age of 82.
Dimmitt, 3106 NE 64th Ave., was born in Columbia, Mo., and had lived 58 years in Oregon. He managed the Vista House 40 years. He was a member of Friendship Lodge 106, Scottish Rite and Al Kader Shrine.
Survivors include a son, Oliver, and two grandchildren, Portland. His late wife Mary Blanche, who worked at Vista House 30 years, died in January." The Oregon Daily Journal, 29 April 1963, pg. 3. col. 3.


Dix, T. H.
Chronology
1914-1915 Independence
Directory Listings
1915 POW pg. 1491 photographers "Dix, T. H., Independence O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Dix Studio, Independence, Ore." blind stamp on 8x10 mount, 5 x 7 print, ms date September 1914. shot of Hop field workers.


Dodd, E. Arthur
Chronology
1886 Portland
Directory Listings
1887 PCD pg. 194 "Dodd, E Arthur, bds 403 2d"
News Items and Advertisements
1886: "THE MECHANICS FAIR...following is a list of exhibitors and their exhibits... E. A. Dodd, photographs..." Oregonian, 8 October 1886, pg. 4, col. 1


Dodge, Kate E.
Chronology
1904 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 337 "Dodge, Kate E., photog, bds 609 1/2 Overton"
1906 PCD pg. 368 "Dodge, Kate E, ironer opera House Laundry, bds 609 1/2 Overton"


Dodge, Orvil Ovando (1839-1914)
Chronology
1864 Jacksonville
1867 Roseburg
1870 Empire City (now Coos Bay)
1871 Oakland
1880 Myrtle Point
Directory Listings
1867 West Coast pg. 286 Roseburg "Dodge, Oroville (sic), photographer"
1880 Pacific Coast pg. 364: "Orvil Dodge, Myrtle Point"
Photographer's Imprints
"ORVIL DODGE, PHOTOGRAPHER. California street, Jacksonville, Oregon.
'As a memento or token of affection,
Nothing supersedes a portrait
It is a magic dispenser of pleasure
A consoler in hours of absence:
A representative, whose silent eloquence
Whispers spiritual thoughts of love and hope"
Above is a calling card, which was mailed by Dodge in 1862. The accompanying letter from Dodge, addressed to relatives of his in Jacksonville, was dated December 15, 1862.
Dodge was serving in the 1st Oregon Calvary until discharged for disability on 27 March 1863.
The dates indicate he had plans to engage in photography in Jacksonville after his military service was completed.
American Bibliographical Notes and More Addenda to Belknap's Oregon Imprints, by George N. Belknap, reprinted from the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, Volume 86, Part 1, April 1876, Worcester, Massachusetts 1976. (courtesy Peter Palmquist)
News Items and Advertisements
1864: "Orvil Dodge's Photograph gallery. Orvil Dodge would announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Jacksonville, for the purpose of taking pictures in all the improved art of Photography and would respectfully solicit a share of the public patronage. Rooms opposite P.J. Ryan's New Brick. Jacksonville, December 23d, 1864." Oregon Sentinel, (Jacksonville) 23 December 1864 - 28 May 1865.
1864: "New Photograph Rooms at Phoenix, Oregon, where artistic and Life-like Pictures are being taken, unsurpassed for beauty of outline and touch of finish and in the latest and most improved style of the art. Old pictures copied, improved, and rendered imperishable. Phoenix- Jan.30.'64 Orvil Dodge Feb6w8" Oregon Sentinel, (Jacksonville) 13 February 1864.
1870: "(from masthead) ... Agents for the Ensign... Empire City - Orvill Dodge..." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 9 May 1868 - 19 November 1870. (previous issues not checked yet)
1871: "Orvil Dodge has opened a new photograph gallery in Oakland. He is said to be a No. 1 artist. Give him a call." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 20 May 1871, pg. 3, col. 1.
1871: "Oakland - Last Monday we visited Oakland. The weather was too intensely warm to prospect the town for items. The Justice's court was in session, with a full docket. Our young friend Orville Dodge, is the only 'attorney' there, he pettifoggs befort the Justice with ability. Business there is lively" Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 10 June 1871, pg. 3, col. 2.
Bibliography
Dodge, Orvil: Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties, Salem 1898. Second edition published by Coos-Curry Pioneer and Historical Association, Bandon 1969. In this book Dodge chronicled the early days of the county. In the second edition is a biography of Dodge by Stephen Dow Beckham. Summary: Dodge was born 5 January 1839 in Gerard, Pennsylvania. He appears to gave become a photographer and druggist in Empire City (now Coos Bay) around 1863. By 1867 he was also in the general merchandise business. By 1869 he had sold out to become an attorney. He later became a newspaper publisher.


Dollarhide
Allen & Dollarhide
Chronology
1878 Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1877: "To Leave Tonight. - Having wound up his personal and business affairs, Mr. E. F. Dollarhide, the photographer, will tonight take his departure, going as far as Portland, if not further. While here he has made many friends, by whom his departure will be regretted; but, as is is for his own good to go, they will easily reconcile themselves to it, only hoping that one day he may deem it to his advantage to return." Daily Pacific Tribune, 2 August 1877 pg. 3, col. 1.
1878: "SOMETHING NEW Pictures cheaper than ever heard of before. Gem pictures, 24 for 50 cents, and all other sizes in proportion. Children's pictures taken in one second. All pictures finished in ten minutes. Allen & Dollarhide, proprietors. Opposite P. O., Portland. Branch of Wing & Allen, S. F." Oregonian, 23 February 1878 pg. 3, col. 2.
1878: "Gem pictures, 24 for 50 cents, and all other sizes in proportion. Children's pictures taken in one second. Gallery, opposite postoffice, Portland. Branch of Wing & Allen, S. F." Oregonian, 23 February 1878
1878: "In Victoria. - Mr. E. F. Dollarhide, the photographer, is at present taking gem pictures under a tent, in Victoria, and is said to be doing a big business. Since leaving here he has made stops in Albany, Portland, and other Oregon towns, taking the same style of pictures and raking in the coin at a lively rate." Daily Pacific Tribune, 15 August 1878 pg. 3, col. 1.


Dohse, Henry M. (ca. 1858- )
Stryker & Dohse
Chronology
1869 Corvallis
1870 Roseburg
1870 Salem
1880 Douglas county
Stryker & Dohse produced CDV and stereo cards of outdoor views.
Directory Listings
Mautz Oregon "Doshe (sic), H. M., 1870, Roseburg", "Gray & Doshe (sic), 1870, Roseburg"
Official Records
1880 Federal Census, Douglas County, Household 6: H. M. Doshe, age 22, male, born in Kentucky, photographer.
Photographer's Imprints
"Stryker & Dohse, photographers, Main Street, Corvallis, Oregon. Duplicates can be had from this negative" CDV with 2 color back, black and red.
"Stryker & Dohse, photographers, Main Street, Corvallis, Oregon. Duplicates can be had from this negative" CDV with printed back (OHS vault CDVs)
News Items and Advertisements
1869: "PICTURES- Mr. David S. Stryker, late of the firm Stryker & Dohse, has opened the gallery formerly occupied by them, over Mr. Biddle's drug store, where he may be found for a few weeks. Mr. S. is a good artist, and desires those wanting pictures to call and examine his work. Prices to suit the times. Call soon, as he intends visiting other places." The Corvallis Gazette, 17 April 1869, pg. 3, col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1870: "Pictures. - Notice the advertisement of Messrs. Gray & Dohse, in this week s issue. Being of long, personal acquaintance with these gentlemen, we know they can do just what they say, and if you want a life likeness, don't fail to see them while they are here." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 27 August 1870 pg. 3, col. 1.
1870: "Secure the Shadow e'er the substance fades. By so doing you should not fail to call on Gray & Dohse and get yourself and family a life like picture. They can take them just as well in cloudy weather as any other. They will only remain about three weeks." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 3 September 1870 pg. 3, col. 1.
1870: "Really Handsome. - That birds-eye view of Roseburg, lain on our table, by Messrs. Gray & Dohse, photographed by themselves. It is a splendid picture and reflects much credit to the artistic talant (sic) of the well known young photographers. They return to the valley, on their way home to Salem, to day. Good bye Sam! Good bye Henry!" Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 17 September 1870 pg. 3, col. 1.
1870: "Pictures!, Pictures!, Gray & Dohse, The well known Photographers, having rented the Rooms of Mr. Jas. Walton, would respectfully inform the citizens of Roseburg and vacinity (sic), that they are now prepared to take pictures of all kinds and sizes, including the 'Beautiful Gem.' Call soon as we shall remain only one month. Gray & Dohse. Roseburg, Oregon." Roseburg Ensign (Roseburg), 27 August 1870 (first insertion) probable last insertion is 19 September 1870, but issue does not appear on microfilm.


Dolson, Charles ( -1882?)
Hack & Dolson
Chronology
1864-1865 Portland
Directory Listings
1864 PD pg. 43 "Dolson, Charles, clerk 107 Front res cor Sixth and Madison"
1865 PD pg. 45 "Dolson, Charles, clerk, 107 Front, res 143 Front", pg. 51 "Hack & Dolson, photographers, 107 1/2 Front" (plus display ad quoted under Hack listing in this book)
1866 PD pg. 47 "Dolson, Chas., clerk, res cor Sixth and Madison."
1869 PD pg. 49 "Dolson, Chas. (C. S. Silver & Co.) 136 First, res Taylor bet Fourth and Fifth" (dry goods and clothing)
1870 Not Checked yet
No Further Listings
News Items and Advertisements
1857: "Marine News...Arrived...Per Columbia (from San Francisco on 24 May)...C. Dolson..." (Buchtel on same boat) Weekly Oregonian, 30 May 1857, pg. 2, col. 7
1862: "Circuit Court - (Jurors)...Charles Dolson..." Oregonian, 10 June, 1862 pg. 3, col. 1
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 60, 64
Oregonian newspaper index card file at Multnomah County library "Charles Dolson, died Goleva, Nevada, Sept 15, 1882"


Donaca, Charles.
Chronology
1898 Lebanon
News Items and Advertisements
1898: "Charley Donaca and Arthur Hardy have opened a photograph gallery in Crusons building, formerly occupied by the Advance." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 14 October 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.
1898: "'We have opened a photograph gallery in the building first door south of the city hall, and invite everybody to give us a call. We take all sizes and styles of photos, at very low prices. If pictures don't please, we make no charge.' Donaca and Hardy." Lebanon Express-Advance(Lebanon OR) 14 October 1898, pg. 2, col. 1.


Donnerberg, Fred W. (ca.1887-1981)
Chronology
1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 340 "Donnerberg, Fred, porter Wadhams & Co, res 75 E 8th N.", Donnerberg, August F, plumber, res 75 E 8th N"
1910 PCD pg. 259 "Donnerberg, Ferdinand W plumber b 75 E 8th N", "Donnerberg, Margaret E student bds 75 E 8th N", note many other Donnerbergs in neighborhood, family appears to have several plumbing businesses.
1913 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club ... treasurer F. W. Donnerberg..."
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Donnerberg, F. W."
1915 PCD pg. 394 "Donnerberg, Fred W plmbr h 1174 Haight av", "Donnerberg, Aug (Margt) salsn r 1174 Haight av", "Donnerberg, Hannah I r 1174 Haight av", "Donnerberg, Margt E r 1174 Haight av"
1925 PCD No Fred Listed
News Items and Advertisements
1910: Catalogue of print exhibition, F. Donnerbereg has four prints listed "25 - A Study - Head; 26 - A Profile Study; 27 - Portrait; 28 - A Western Girl" Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 5.
1981: "Fred Donnerberg. Rosary will be said at 6 p.m. Friday in the Mount St. Joseph Chapel for Fred W. "Tony" Donnerberg, a life long Portland resident and retired plumber.
Mass will be at 10 a.m. Saturday in the chapel, followed by private interment in Mount Calvary Cemetery.
Mr. Donnerberg, who was 94 years old, died Wednesday in a Portland hospital. He was a member of the Hood River mountain rescue organization, the Cragrats. He also was a veteran of both World War 1 and 11.
Survivors include many nieces and nephews." Oregonian, 6 February 1981, pg. E4.


Doomes, Charles
Chronology
1913 Baker
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1948 photographers "Doomes, Chas, Baker O"


Dorris, Sue, Miss
Dorris Art Gallery
Chronology
1891-1917 Eugene
Employee Listings
Erdman, Elizabeth. photographer 1910
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 254 Eugene "Winter Photo Co. (Clarence L. Winter, Sue Dorris), photographers"
1901 POWA pg. 167 Eugene "Dorris Art Gallery, Miss S Dorris propr Willamette bet 9th and 10th"
1903 POW pg. 178 Eugene "Dorris Art Gallery, Miss Sue Dorris propr 626 Willamette"
1905 POW pg. 205 Eugene "Dorris Art Gallery, Sue Dorris propr 626 Willamette"
1907 POW pg. 204 Eugene "Dorris, Sue, photgr" (also listed is George B, lawyer)
1909 POW pg. 148 Eugene "Dorris, Sue photographer"
1910 Lane pg. 77 Eugene "Dorris, Sue, photgr, 5 Cherry Block, res 322 Pearl"
1910 Or pg. 277 Eugene "Dorris, Miss, 5 Cherry Bldg"
1911 POW pg. 138 Eugene "Dorris, Sue photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Dorris, Sue, Eugene O"
1915 POW pg. 177 Eugene "Dorris, Miss photographer, 623 Willamette"
1917 POW pg. 157 Eugene "Dorris Photo Shop (Sue Dorris) Suite 5-6-7-8 Cherry Building, 623 Willamette, Tel 741"
Photographer's Imprints
"Dorris, Eugene, Or." blind stamp on mounted portrait
News Items and Advertisements
1878: "Roll of Honor. The following names are those whose average is 90 per cent, or over, for the month of November, in the Intermediate department of the Eugene City Public School. ...Sue Dorris..." Eugene City Guard, 7 December 1878 pg. 3 col. 3.
1905: (photograph illustrated) "Hilda - A Convention Picture by Sue Dorris, Eugene, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XI, No. 5, November 1905, frontpiece.
1913: Unpaginated advertisement, shows her monogram. Most of her ads do not indicate address. Oregana 1913, Eugene; Univ of Oregon 1913,
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Dorris, Sue---Eugene, Ore...", photo reproduced, fine art portrait. captioned "M-O-R-N-I-N' Sue Dorris, Eugene" ... "Committees:... Reception: The Executive Officers of the Association assisted by... Miss Sue Dorris..."
Goodman, Theodosia, "Early Oregon Daguerreotypers and Portrait Photographers", Oregon Historical Quarterly, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society) Vol. 49 No. 1 March, 1948 pg. 48


Doubleday, R. R.
Doubleday & Gustin
Chronology
1913-1927 Pendleton
Photographer's Imprints
"Sharkey' Pendleton Round Up, Copyright 1913 Doubleday & Gustin" photo post card signed in negative
"Frank S. Smith Bulldogging Pendleton Round Up, copyright 1923 R. R. Doubleday" photo post card signed in negative
"Frank S. Smith Bulldogging Pendleton Round Up, copyright 1923 R. R. Doubleday" photo post card signed in negative


Douglas, George A.
Douglas, Roy A.
Northwestern Photo Co.
Chronology
1907-1925 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 342 "Douglass (sic), George A, carp, res 1143 E Yamhill"
1905 PCD pg. 369 "Douglas, Geo A carp, bds 1215 E Taylor"
1906 PCD pg. 373 "Douglas, G A, lab P C Biscuit Co, res 178 Yamhill"; pg. 374 "Douglas, Roy A, nailer P C Biscuit Co, res 535 Yamhill"
1907 PCD pg. 469 "Douglas, George A, photog 433 1/2 Washington, res 169 17th"; "Douglas, Roy A, clk D M Stevens, bds 169 17th"
1909 PCD 491 "Douglas, George A, photog, 433 1/2 Washington, res 160 17th"; pg. 492 "Douglas, Roy A, photog D M Stevens, res 169 17th"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Duglas (sic), G. A. 433 1/2 Washington St."
1910 PCD pg. 361 "Douglas, Geo A photgr 433 1/2 Washington h 169 17th." "Douglas, Roy A trav salsn Blumauer Photo Supply r 169 17th"
1911 PCD pg. 455 "Douglas, Geo A photgr 433 1/2 Washington h 169 17th"; pg. 456 "Douglas, Roy A clk Blummauer Photo Supupl (sic) Co b 169 17th"
1912 PCD pg. 470 "Douglas, Geo A photgr 5-88 1/2 3d h 169 17th"; "Douglas Roy A salsn b 169 17th"
1913 PCD pg. 394 "Douglas, Geo A photgr 5-88 1/2 3d h 169 17th"; "Douglas Roy A (Northwestern Photo Co) b 169 17th"; pg. 910 "Northwestern Photo Co (R A Douglas Mrs A B Postles) 310 Buchanan Bldg"
1914 PCD pg. 502 "Douglas, Geo A (May) photgr 5-88 1/2 3d h 169 17th"; pg. 1075 "Northwestern Photo Co (R A Douglas Mrs A B Postles) 310 Buchanan Bldg"
1914 PCBD Photographers "Northwestern Photo Co, Buchanan Bldg, Main 3904", display ad: "Smokeless Flashlights of Parties, Balls, Banquets and Receptions. Northwestern Photo Co. Interior and Exterior Views of Buildings, Construction Work, Cuts for Catalogues, Main 3904"
1915 PCD pg. 397 "Douglas, Geo A (May) photgr 5-88 1/2 3d h 169 17th" pg. 398 "Douglas, Roy A mngr Northwestern Photo Co h 169 17th"; pg. 900 "Northwestern Photo Co, R A Douglas mngr 310 Buchanan Bldg"
1916 PCD pg. 403 "Douglas Geo A (Mary A) photgr 5-82 1/2 3d h 169 17th"; pg. 907 "Northwestern Photo Co R A Douglas mgr 312 Buchanan bldg"
1917 PJD pg.76 Photographers "Northwestern Photo Co., R. A. Douglas, mgr, 312 Buchanan Bldg. Main 3904 Commercial"
1917 PCD pg. 352 "Douglas Geo A (Mary A) photgr 88 1/2 3d h 321 13th."; pg. 855 "Northwestern Photo Co R A Douglas mgr 312 Buchanan bldg"
1925 PCD pg. 544 "Douglas, Geo A (Mary) h 1284 Villard av", "Douglas, Roy A, photgr r 1284 Villard av""
Advertisements
1913: "Northwestern Photo Co., portraits, class photos, Third Floor, 286 1/2 Washington St, between 4th & 5th, Buchanan Bldg." Troubador, Portland Academy, Oct. 1913,


Douglas, William
Chronology
1909 North Bend
1910 Snohomish, WA
Directory Listings
1909 POW pg. 269 North Bend "Douglas, Wm photographer"
News Items and Advertisements
1909: "Photographic Post Card Exchange... New Members... William Douglas, North Bend, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 4, April 1909, pg. 152.
1910: "International Photographic Association... List of Changes of Address... 2018X - William Douglas, Snohomish, Wash. (was North Bend, Ore)." Camera Craft, October, 1910. pg. 377, col. 2.


Douglass, John H. Sr.
Douglass, John H. Jr.
Chronology
1903-1911 Newberg
Directory Listings
1903 POW pg. 268 Newberg "Douglas, John H photographer"
1905 POW pg. 312 Newberg "Douglas, John H photographer"
1907 POW pg. 321 Newberg "Douglass, John H Jr photographer"
1909 POW pg. 264 Newberg "Douglass, John H Jr photographer"
1911 POW pg. 245 Newberg "Douglass, J H Jr photographer"
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Douglass, J. H.---Newberg, Ore..."


Dowe, Oscar S.
Chronology
1879-1880 Portland
Directory Listings
1878 and before not listed
1879 PD pg. 95 "Dowe, Oscar S., re-toucher, with Davidson Bros., bds National"
1880 PD pg. 112 "Dowe, O. S., re-toucher, with Davidson Bros., bds National"
1881 and later not listed


Dowell, Alex
Chronology
1913 Mercer
News Items and Advertisements
1913: "International Photographic Association... New Members... 3591- Alex Dowell, Mercer, Ore. Class 2" Camera Craft, Vol. XX, No. 4, April 1913, pg. 189.


Downing, W. H.
Chronology
1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1913 Polk’s Portland Blue Book pg. 60, membership roster of the Oregon Camera Club "Downing, W. H."


Drake, Emery R.
Drake, June D.
Drake Bros.
Chronology
1901-1942 Silverton
Early views (1905) show landscapes of Silver Creek Falls and the Silverton vicinity. This area has 14 waterfalls, of which 5 are over 100' high. Drake did much creative photography, winning a Photographer's Society prize in 1908. A large collection of late Drake exhibition prints is in the Oregon Historical Society, including an 11 x 14 print with an Oregon State Fair blue ribbon attached (no date).
Drake was equipped with a cirkut camera, evidenced by a 5 1/2" x 18" print of Silverton School is in the OHS collection.
Directory Listings
1901 POWA pg. 375 Silverton "Drake Bros (June and Emery) photographers"
1903 POW pg. 420 Silverton "Drake Bros (Emory {sic} R and June D) photographers"
1905 POW pg. 517 Silverton "Drake Bros (June D Drake) photographers"
1907 POW pg. 561 Silverton "Drake, June D photographer"
1901 POW pg. 489 Silverton "Drake, June D photographer"
1913 POW pg. 1951 photographers "Drake, J. D., Silverton O"
1915 POW pg. 1492 photographers "Drake, J. D., Silverton O"
1917 POW pg. 1536 photographers "Drake, J. D., Silverton O"
1925 POW pg. 468 Silverton "Drake, June D photog"
1934 Marion County Polk pg. 533 Silverton "Drake, Bros (June D Drake) photog 303 N Water", "Drake, June D (Elanor M) (Drake Bros) h 409 S Water"
1942 Polk Marion Co pg. 645 Silverton "Drake Bros (June D Drake) photogs h 409 S Water", "Drake June D (Elanor M) (Drake Bros) h 409 S Water"
Photographer's Imprints
"c<opyright> 1905 J. D. Drake, Silverton, Or." signed in negative 5" x 7" view mounted.
News Items and Advertisements
1902:"The cuts used in this issue were made by J. D. Drake. The Drake Bros. are still working upon the half-tones and have succeeded in making several very fine ones, but will publish none until they are perfect, which we predict will be in the very near future." The Silvertonian, 16 May 1902, pg. 3, col. 3.
1902:"DRAKE BROS. Photographers. Portraits, Enlarging, Views, supplies for amateuers, Water Street, Silverton, Oregon" The Silvertonian, 16 May 1902, pg. 4, col. 6-7.
1908: account of exhibition at Photographer's Convention of the Pacific Northwest. "Northwest Photographers Win Prizes and Close a Very Notable Session,... announcement of the Salon award. This is the top-notch honor in the association and entitles a winner to have his fortunate photograph placed on the line in a subsequent official exhibit. ...At the Vancouver meeting this Salon honor was conferred on ... J. D. Drake, of Silverton, Or...
There was considerable rivalry among the photographers who entered pictures in class 4. This division was open to camera men who lived in towns of not more than 5000 inhabitants. It was an extremely close and interesting competition, and was made rather notable by the fact that J. D. Drake, of Silverton, Or., who captured a Salon honor, should also pick up a prize in the other class.Differences in subject, style of treatment, and technique usually confine a photographer to one class or the other. The double victory of Mr. Drake astonished his fellow photographers, but they readily conceded his title to both prizes. " Oregonian, 23 August 1908, sec. 3, pg. 4.
1908: "Eighth Annual Convention of the Photographers Association of the Pacific Northwest... was called to order Tuesday, April 18th, at 2 p. m. ... The awards were made as follows: Angelo Trophy, A. L. Jackson, of Tacoma; Salon awards <to> Drake, of Silverton,... Certificates of Merit to... Drake, of Silverton..." Camera Craft, Vol. XV, No. 10, October, 1908. pg. 377-384
1909: "(classified ad) FOR SALE One No. 3A Pocket Kodak, Eastman's, fitted with No. 1 Goerz Syntor lens and carrying case-$40-almost new. One 5x7 Telephoto Cycle Poco, Rapid Rectilinear lens, Unicum shutter, five plate holders, carrying case- a bargain at $25. Good Condition. One Goerz Monocular No. 12X- almost new, $21. J. D. Drake, Silverton, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 4, April 1909.
1911: (classified ad) "FOR SALE 5x7 Hall mirror reflecting camera without lens, 1909 model; used but five or six times; a bargain. J. D. Drake, Silverton, Ore." Camera Craft, April - June 1911
1913: (classified ad) "For Sale: One Century automatic printing machine, No. 1, slightly used, side shelves are off, otherwise good as new. First check for $4.00 takes the machine, crated free; cost $25.00. J. D. Drake, Silverton, Ore." Camera Craft, May - June 1913.
1915: (classified ad) "FOR SALE Photo studio in town of 2,500, logging camps, good county(sic) and several small towns to draw trade from. Studio ground floor, $8,000 fireproof cement building, north light, fitted to 11x14. Also carry supplies, Kodaks, and do framing. Doing excellent business. The person buying must have money and be a No. 1 photographer, both inside and out. No frivolous inquiries answered. Good reason for selling. The Drake Bros.' Studio, Silverton, Ore." Camera Craft, Vol. XXII, No. 2, February, 1915.
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Drake, J. D.---Silverton, Ore...Drake, E. R.---Silverton, Ore..."
Winroth, Elizabeth (ed), Union Guide to Photograph Collections in the Pacific Northwest, (Portland; Oregon Historical Society, 1978) pg. 80


Draper, William G.
Chronology
1903-1905 Portland
Directory Listings
1900 pg. 275 "Draper, Wm G. coll rms 131 1/2 Union av"
1901 PCD pg. 256 "Draper, Wm G, mngr Chicago Fine Art Assn, 517 Goodnough Bldg, r same"
1903 PCD pg. 397 "Draper, W J (sic), photog, rms Gilman Hotel"
1904 PCD not listed
1905 PCD pg. 372 "Draper, Wm G, photog 101 E 11th, bds same"
1906-1907 PCD not listed


Drews, F.
Chronology
1898 Portland
News Items
1898: account of exhibition by Oregon Camera Club, list of prints"...By F. Drews, 12 Kodak views...", "Sun Used by Artists", Sunday Oregonian, 9 October 1898 pg. 15


Dufresne, Joseph Z.
Dufresne Studio
Chronology
1907-1912 Portland
it is interesting that his business address in the Buchanan Bldg was 501 and his home in the same bldg 309. The Commonwealth Portrait Studio was 308 in the same year, 1910
The 205 Blue Mouse Theater Building was also the address for Henry Berger.
Roy J. Peterson bought the Dufresne Studio in Portland.
Employee Listings
Karten, Stella M., Miss., retoucher 1907-1908
Moffit, John H photographer 1912
Directory Listings
1904-1906 PCD not listed
1907 PCD pg. 477 "Dufresne, Joseph Z, photog 332 1/2 Washington, rms same"
1909 PCD pg. 500 "Dufresne, Joseph F, photog 502 Buchanan bldg, rms same"
1910 Or. pg. 160 Portland Photographers "Dufresne, J. Z., 501 Buchanan bldg"
1910 PCD pg. 368 "Dufresne, Joseph Z, photgr 501 Buchanan bldg, h 309 same"
1911 PCD pg. 465 "Dufresne Studio, Roy J. Peterson Propr, High Class Photography, Portraits, in Sepia, Water Color and Oil 501 Buchanan Bldg, 286 1/2 Washington, Tel A 2634"
Photographer's Imprints
"Portraiture by Joseph Z. Dufresne, 205 Blue Mouse Theater Bldg. Portland Ore." printed folder.


Dummermuth, Frank E.
Penny Photo Co.
Chronology
1901 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 259 "Dummermuth, F E (Penny Photo Co), res Imperial Hotel"; "Penny Photo Co. (F E Dummermuth) 253 1/2 Washington"
1901 POWA pg. 325 Portland "Penny Photograph Co, Frank E Dumermuth mngr 253 1/2 Wash"
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...Dummermuth, W. M., Tacoma, Wash..."


Duncan, Frank
Chronology
1913 Klamath Falls
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Duncan, Frank, Klamath Falls O"
Photographer's Imprints
"Duncan, Klamath Falls, Or" hand signed mount with 8 x 10" print (OHS collection)


Dunham, R. M.
Chronology
1911 Hood River
Directory Listings
1911 POW pg. 177 Hood River Dunham, R M photographer"


Dunlap, Robert H.
Chronology
1870 Applegate
Official Records
1870 Federal Census, Josephine County, Applegate precinct, Household 58, Robert H. Dunlap, age 30, male, born Michigan, occupation Photographer.


Dunn, Carrie E. Mrs.
Chronology
1909-1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 349 "Dunn, Richard H (The Dunn-Lawrence Co) res 1037 Belmont" (real estate and financial agents)
1907 PCD pg. 480 "Dunn, Richard H (The Dunn-Lawrence Co) res 1037 Belmont"
1909 PCD pg. 503 "Dunn, Mrs Carrie E, Scenic Photographer 1037 Belmont, res same, Tel B 1332"
1910 PCD pg. 371 "Dunn, Carrie E., Mrs., photgr 1037 Belmont h same", (Richard H Dunn and Lawrence Dunn at same address)
1911 PCD not listed
1915 PCD pg. 408 "Dunn, Carrie (wid Richd H) h 6-421 1/2 E Morrison"
1925 PCD not listed
Photographer's Imprints
"Carrie Dunn, Scenic Photographer, 149 1/2 First St., Portland Oregon" rubber stamp on mount. 5x7 print. (WCM #LP72-1436/1500-65)


Durham, George C.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 350 "Durham, George C., clk Sheriff's Office, res 132 E 12th"
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Durham, G. C. ..."


Durkee, B. S. (1872-1920)
Chronology
1909-1913 Portland
Directory Listings
1904 PCD pg. 350 "Durkee, Benton S chf opr P T C Co res 395 Brazee"
1910 PCD pg. 372 "Durke, Benton S. chf opr Postal-Telegraph-Cable co b 7-170 St Clair" (probably the same person)
1910 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club...Vice President, B. S. Durkee..."
1913 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club ... Vice President B. S. Durkee; ..."
1914 AAP pg. 327 "Oregon Camera Club ... Vice President B. S. Durkee; ..."
1915 PCD pg. 411 "Durkee, Benton S (Lilith E) opr P-T-Co r 584 E Main"
1925 PCD Not listed
News Items
1909: "OREGON CAMERA CLUB ELECTIONS... annual election January 12th... result was as follows:...Vice-President, B. S. Durkee..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 3, March 1909, pg. 117.
1909: "Another Achievement added to the Oregon Camera Club's annually more gratifying successes was its exhibition held in Steinway Hall, Portland, March twenty-second to twenty-seventh. The following comment on the pictures is abridged from the many full notices given by the 'Portland Oregonian' and other papers. ...
... B. S. Durkee had the distinction of having hung the only print indicative of industry in Portland. This was splendidly shown in a harbor scene, on the Willamette, with huge logs in the immediate foreground and the massed strength of tall ships in the background..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVI, No. 5, May 1909, pg.167-171.
1910: "Oregon Camera Club. On January eleventh, the Oregon Camera Club held its annual election ... The officers elected for the ensuing year ... Vice - President, B. S. Durkee ..." Camera Craft, Vol. XVII, No. 2, February 1910, pg. 85, col. 1.
1910: "Officers, ... B. S. Durkee, Vice President" Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibit, April 11th to 16th 1910., np, nd, 1910, pg. 1.
1920: "Wire Chief Was Famous International Champion as Fastest Man at Key. Benton S. Durkee, chief operator of the Postal Telegraph company in this city, died Monday night at 11:20, after a few hours' illness. He was born in Olathe, Kan., February 2, 1872, and came to Oregon with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. S. T. Durkee, when a child.
He started as a messenger boy for the Postal Telegraph company in this city when a little over ten years of age and in 1888 won the international diamond and gold metal at a contest in New York City for the fastest operator in the United States, Canada and Mexico. He preferred to live in Oregon to anywhere else in the United States and returned here, notwithstanding tempting offers to follow his work elsewhere.
Durkee was a past member of Oregon lodge, Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, and a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason of Oregon consistory. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Lillith E. Durkee; his mother, Mrs. Laura D. Durkee, both of this city, and by one brother, Elton Durkee of Ilwaco, Wash. Funeral services will be held at the Scottish Rite cathedral Friday at 1:30 p.m. J. P. Finley & Son have charge of arrangements." The Oregon Daily Journal, 18 February 1920, pg. 12.
1920: "NOTED TELEGRAPHER DIES. Ben Durkee, Once Champion Receiver of United States, Succumbs. Ben Durkee, Chief operator of the Postal Telegraph company's office here and at one time receiving operator of the United States, died last night at his home in the Kings Hill apartments. Heart Disease is believed to have caused his death.
Mr. Durkee learned telegraphy while a messenger for the Postal Telegraph company in Portland. He won the diamond metal offered by J.W. Mackay, head of the Postal company, in a tournament in New York City, where he competed against all the telegraph operators in the country.
Mr. Durkee was about 47 years old. He is survived by his widow, who was cashier in the same office; his mother and a brother, Elton Durkee of Ilwaco, Wash. Funeral arrangements have not been completed." Oregonian, 18 February 1920, pg. 12.
1920: additional biographical information and obituary with portrait. Oregonian, 19 February 1920, pg. 7.
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, 15th Annual Print Exhibition, April 11 to 16th 1910, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Officers...B. S. Durkee, Vice President..."


Durston, Glenn A.
Chronology
1910 Portland
Directory Listings
1909 PCD not listed
1910 PCD pg. 373 "Durston, Glen A, photgr r 427 Salmon"
1911 PCD not listed


DuVall, Clarke or Charles M. (1851 or 1852- )
Chronology
1872 Hillsboro
1873-1875 East Portland
1875-1890 The Dalles
1890 Goldendale WA
1907-1909 Colfax, WA
Genesee, ID
Moscow ID
Directory Listings
1873 Or pg. 289 East Portland "Duvall, C M photographer"
1873 PD pg. 261 East Portland "Duvall, C. M. photographist res J, bet Sixth and Seventh"
1873 SD pg. 333 East Portland "DuVall, C., (Hall & DuVall) resides I between Fifth and Sixth"; pg. 334 "Hall & DuVall, (W. Hall and C. DuVall) resides I between Fifth and Sixth"; "Hall, Wm., (Hall & DuVall) resides I between Fifth and Sixth"
1874 PD and SD not listed
1875 SD pg. 296 East Portland "DuVall, C. M., photographer, I bet Fourth and Fifth, res Tenth bet L and M"
1875 PD pg. 194 East Portland "DuVall, Clarke, photographer, n s I bet Fourth and Fifth, res L bet Seventh and Eighth"
1903 POW pg. 520 Colfax WA "DuVall, Charles L (sic) photgr"
1905 POW pg. 662 Colfax WA "DuVall, Charles L (sic) photgr"
1907 POW pg. 738 Colfax WA "Duvall, Charles M, photgr"
1909 POW pg. 695 Colfax, WA "Duvall, Charles M, photgr"
Mautz Washington "DuVall, C. M., 1890, Goldendale"
Photographer's Imprints
"C. M. DU VALL, ARTIST" blind stamp on CDV, Forest Grove subject, ms note taken about 1878. (this may not be a reliable date) (WCM # LP72-282/279-26)
"C. M. DU VALL, ARTIST" blind stamp on CDV, ms note taken July 1872 at Hillsboro Ore. (WCM # LP72-1332/1394-142)
"C. M. DU VALL, ARTIST" blind stamp on tintype mount, local subject (WCM # LP72-2010/2101-164)
"C. M. DU VALL, ARTIST" blind stamp on 5 1/2 x 7 1/4 print of home of James Barlow in Oregon City (OHS)
"C. M. DuVall Moscow, Idaho" cabinet card, imprinted front
"C. M. DuVall, Genesee, Idaho" cabinet card, imprinted front
"C. M. DuVall, Photographer, Goldendale, Washington" cabinet card, imprinted front
"Du Vall, Moscow, Idaho." cabinet card, imprinted front
"C. M. DuVall, Photographer, The Dalles, Og'n. Negatives preserved. Special attention paid to photographing Babies" cabinet card, imprinted back.
News Items and Advertisements
1874: "GOING TO LEAVE.- Mr. Duvall is going to leave in a few days. Come in now country girls and everybody before the end of this week or the first of next and have your pictures taken. Mr. DuVall is an obliging artist and will not let you leave unsatisfied." The Independent, (Forest Grove) 11 June 1874, pg. 3, col. 1
1874: "DuVall will give you first class picture or non at all." The Independent, (Forest Grove) 25 June 1874, pg. 3, col. 2.
1875: "If you want a first class picture call on DuVall. He still glories in taking baby pictures. Give him a call and satisfy yourself. Pictures from 50 cents up to $50." Weekly Mountaineer, (The Dalles) 18 Dec 1875 pg. 2 col. 5 (regular insertion, last insertion)
1876: "Mr. C. M. DuVall, the photographic artist, has moved into B. Worsley & Bros. Gallery, in the rear of their store, where he will be found prepared to take all kinds of pictures." Weekly Mountaineer, (The Dalles) 8 Jan 1876 pg. 2 col. 5.
1876: Letter to Senator J. Mitchell inviting him to speak in The Dalles. signed B. S. Worsley, W. S. Worsley, J. H. Worsley, C. H. DuVall. (sic)" Daily Bee (Portland) 13 October 1876, pg. 3, col. 1
Bibliography
Photographer's Association of the Pacific Northwest, Programme of Seventh Annual Convention, September 3rd - 6th, 1907, Seattle; n.p. 1907. (unpaginated) "Members Photographic Association of the Pacific Northwest 1907...DuVall, C. M.---Colfax, Wash..."
Hines, Rev. H. K. History of Washington, 1893 "C. M. DuVall, an enterprising citizen of Goldendale, is a product of the progressive spirit of the age, and has done his share in the carrying forward the movement which goes to form a high civilization. Following is a brief outline of his career: He is a native of the State of Missouri, born November 19, 1852. His parents John and Christiana (Powell) DuVall, were natives of Missouri and Iowa, respectively. In 1853 they crossed the plains with their children, and located in Portland, Oregon; there our subject received his education, and at the age of twenty began the study of photography; he has since devoted himself to the art, and has a studio in the business center of the city of Goldendale where he is prepared to do the most artistic work; he has been established in this place three years, and in that time has gained an enviable reputation.
Seeking an investment for the means he had accumulated, Mr. DuVall purchased a tract of 160 acres, forty-five of which are under cultivation. In March, 1892, he became connected with Henry D. Young in the furniture and undertaking business; they formed a partnership, the firm name being regarded as one of the most substantial corporations of the county. (Young & DuVall Company)
In politics Mr. DuVall adheres with great zeal to the principles of the republican party. He has served as clerk of the City Council, and was elected Justice of the Peace in 1890; he was re-elected in 1893, his administration being characterized as just and honorable to a high degree. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., and belongs to the encampment at Walla Walla.
He was united in marriage at The Dalles, Oregon, in 1875, to Miss Sarah J. Worsley, a native of New Jersey. They are the parents of three children: Claudia M., Clinton C. and a daughter deceased." (courtesy Michael Cirelli) (note he later had a gallery at Worsley's store)
Mallett, Mary Powell; Courageous People. (privately printed 1972) This book is a general history of early Gresham, Ore. pg. 47 states that Clark M. DuVall was born on November 19, 1851, quoting as a source a genealogical letter from William D. Gibson, a related descendant. He was the son of John H. DuVall and Christian Powell.


Dwyer, Dennis J.
Sawyer & Dwyer
Rose City Art Store
Chronology
1911 Portland
Directory Listings
1911 PCD pg. 1268 "Sawyer, Carlton S (Sawyer & Dwyer) r 49 17th N"; "Sawyer & Dwyer (Carlton S Sawyer Dennis J Dwyer) coml photogrs 462 Washington"; pg. 472 "Dwyer, Dennis J (Sawyer & Dwyer) r 49 17th N"
Photographer's Imprints
"Sawyer & Dwyer, commercial photographers, 482 Washington, The Rose City Art Store, Phone Main 5877" imprinted view


Dygert, H. I.
Chronology
1900 Portland
Bibliography
Oregon Camera Club, Sixth Annual Print Exhibition, October 29 to November 3 1900, Portland; np nd, unpaginated, "List of Members...Dygert, H. I. ..."


Earl, Miles W.
Chronology
1900 St. Johns
Directory Listings
1900 PCD pg. 282 "Earl, Miles W photog, res St. Johns"
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 62


East Side Photo Studio
Please see Payson, A. U.


Eastman, Gilman L. (1848- )
Chronology
1891 Colfax WA, Dayton WA, The Dalles, Walla Walla ID, Olympia WA, Pullman WA
1887-1897 Portland
Astoria
1890 Oregon City
1898 Pendleton
Employee Listings
Brown, James, photographer for G. L. Eastman 1897
Shanafelt, William F., photographer for G. L. Eastman 1892-1893, mngr for G L Eastman 1894
Directory Listings
1887 PCD pg. 202 "Eastman, George L artist 229 5th, rms same"
1888 PCD pg. 231 "Eastman, Gilman L artist 195 1st, res same"
1889 PCD pg. 234 "Eastman, Gilman L photographer, 283 1st res same"
1889 POWI pg. 388 Portland "Eastman, Gilman L photographer, 281 1/2 1st and 169 3rd"
1890 PCD pg. 223 "Eastman, Gilman L photographer, 283 1st and 169 3rd, res 283 1st"
1891 POWI pg. 744 Colfax, WA "Eastman, Gilman L., photographer", pg. 762 Dayton WA "Eastman, G. L., photographer", pg. 446 Portland, "Eastman, Gilman L., artist, 169 N East Side and 69 1/2 B", pg. 590, The Dalles "Eastman, G. L., photographer"
1891 PCD pg. 272 "Eastman, Gilman L photographer, 281 1/2 1st res same"
1892 PCD pg. 399 "Eastman, Gilman L, photographer, 388 E Morrison and 131 Russell, res 388 E Morrison"
1893 PCD pg. 376 "Eastman, Gilman L, photographer, 388 E Morrison rms 354 4th"
1894 PCD pg. 311 "Eastman, Gilman L, photographer, 2 6th N, res 203 1/2 1st"
1895 PCD pg. 278 "Eastman, Gilman L, (Eastman & Wallace), photographer, 203 1/2 1st, 2 6th N, 388 E Morrison, r 203 1/2 First"; "Eastman & Wallace (Gilman L Eastman, Wm F Wallace), job printers, 203 1/2 First"
1896 PCD pg. 262 "Eastman, Gilman L, photographer, 203 1/2 1st, 2 6th N, printer 203 1/2 First rms 291 2d"
1897 PCD pg. 257 "Eastman, Gilman L, photographer and printer, 203 1/2 1st and 167 4th, res 203 1/2 1st"
Mautz Oregon "Eastman, Prof. G. L., 1890, Baker, Elgin, & Portland"
Photographer's Imprints
"Photos of the Great Flood Portland, Or. June 1894. Prof. G. L. Eastman Cor, First and Taylor Streets." printed label tipped on 7 3/4" x 9 3/4" mount with 6" x 8" print.
"Eastman, First and Jefferson" small portrait
"Eastman, First and Jefferson Sts., 169 Third Street, Portland, Or., N St. bet Fourth and Fifth, East Portland, Or." small portrait printed front, addresses and duplicate negative info on back.
"Prof. G. L. Eastman, E. Morrison, bet 4th and 5th, Portland, Ore..; Olympia, Wash; Colfax, Wash."
"Newcastle Block, Lower Albina, Oregon. Eastman. N Street, bet. 4th and 5th, East Portland Or., Colfax, Wash., Chehalis, Wash."
"Eastman, First and Jefferson Sts. Portland, Oregon, and N St. bet Fourth and Fifth, East Portland, Or." cabinet card printed front
"Prof. G. L. Eastman, cor. First & Taylor, Sixth and Ankeny, 388 E. Morrison, Portland, Oregon." printed cabinet front.
"Prof. G. L. Eastman, Cor. First & Taylor, 111 1/2 Third Bet Washington & Stark, Sixth and Ankeny, 388 E. Morrison, Portland, Oregon." cabinet card printed front.
"Eastman, First above Jefferson St., Portland, Oregon; Cor 2nd and Federal Streets, The Dalles, Oregon; N St. Bet Fourth and Fifth, East Portland; 3d St., near Cooper's Store Astoria, Or." printed cabinet front.
"Eastman, Artist, 283 First St., Cor. Jefferson, Portland, Oregon" printed front cabinet card.
News Items and Advertisements
1890: "NEW PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY Prof G. L. Eastman, of Portland, whose work needs no recommendation, has erected and opened a new photograph gallery in this city near the Cliff house, where he is prepared to make the very best of pictures. Parties desiring extra fine Cabinet will find this gallery the best place in the state to get suited. Work guaranteed to every particular." The Enterprise (Oregon City) 23 January 1890 pg. 3, col. 4.
1890: "Fine Photographs.- Taken in any weather at the new gallery opposite the woolen mill. Prof. Eastman will be present in person for a few days yet and parties desiring fine work should call at once. Call and examine the work."; "Prof. Eastman preserves all negatives so that parties getting pictures of him may be sure of additional pictures without resitting." The Enterprise (Oregon City) 30 January 1890 pg. 3, col. 1.
1891: "Mr. L. A. Conella, representing R. L. Polk & Co., the directory publishers, is in the city soliciting for the next state volume." Wasco County Sun, (The Dalles) 1 April 1891 pg. 3 col. 2.
1891: "New Photograph Gallery. Prof. G. L. Eastman, of 281 1/2 First Street, Portland, Or., has opened a photograph gallery in this city on the corner of Fourth and Alder street. To introduce his work, for the first few days he will make photographs cheaper than ever before." The Walla Walla Statesman (Walla Walla WA), 24 April 1891, pg. 3, col. 2. (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1890: "Everybody getting best cabinet photographs at Professor Eastman's gallery, $2 a dozen, N street, between Fourth and Fifth, East Portland" Oregonian, 14 May 1890 pg. 5, col. 2.
1890: "Mr. G. L. Eastman, of Portland, Oregon, has opened a photographic studio in this city" Washington Standard, (Olympia WA) 5 September 1890 pg. 3 col. 1 (courtesy Michael Cirelli)
1898: "Photographs at Half Price. A new photograph gallery has been opened up in the La Dow block, next door to the Y. M. C. A. rooms, by Professor G. L. Eastman, of Portland. The first 50 dozen photos will be taken at half-price. Those wishing to take advantage of the offer should call early, as orders are coming in rapidly." Pendleton Tribune, 9-11 June 1898.
1898: "Now is the Time. Today and tomorrow I will make photos for 50 cents a dozen at the new gallery, LaDow block. This is a stylish photo, the latest. Just suited to exchange with your friends. Prof. G. L. Eastman." Pendleton Tribune, 21-26 June 1898.
1898: "Photographs are still being taken at reduced rates at Eastman’s gallery, La Dow block." Pendleton Tribune, 6 July - 5 September 1898.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 60-62
Bunchgrass Historian, Fall 1979, pg. 11 "A room in the old wooden Pullman Hotel located between the O. R. & N. Railroad Station and the tracks at that time was used for a photograph gallery by G. M. Eastman in December 1894" (courtesy Robert King)


Eastman, J. H.
Chronology
1913 Gold Hill
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Eastman, J. H., Gold Hill O"


Eastman, Melton or Milton S.
Chronology
1891 Portland
1891 Cascade Locks
1900 Pullman, Colfax, Moscow ID
Baker City, Elgin
1899-1903 Seattle WA
Railroad Photograph Car
M. S. Eastman had the same Portland address as G. L. Eastman
Employee Listings
Aerne, Robert, photographer for M. S. Eastman 1891
Directory Listings
1891 POWI pg. 204 Cascade Locks "Eastman, Melton S., photographer", pg. 446 Portland "Eastman, Melton S, photographer, 281 1/2 1st."
1891 PCD pg. 272 "Eastman, Milton S, photographer 71 B rms 281 1/2 1st"
1899 Seattle Directory: M. S. Eastman, 314 Pike St.
1900 Seattle Directory: M. S. Eastman, 314 Pike St.
1901 Seattle Directory: M. S. Eastman, 211 1/2 Pike
1902 Seattle Directory: M. S. Eastman, 2211 1st Ave.
1903 POW pg. 723 Seattle "Eastman, Milton S photographer 2211 1st av"
Photographer's Imprints
"M. S. Eastman, Tourist Photograph Car"
"Baker City, Ore. Prof. M. S. Eastman. Elgin, Ore."
"Eastman Studio, 2211 First Ave., Seattle"
"M. S. Eastman, Photograph Car" cabinet card imprinted front.
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 62
Hart, Arthur A., Camera Eye on Idaho, (Caldwell; Caxton 1990) pg. 47, 160. Hart mentions he has seen imprints of M. S. Eastman from Pullman, Colfax, Moscow. M. S. Eastman is in the 1900 census for Boise, ID, and his birth is recorded as being in 1848 in Maine.


Easton, Charles E.
Boyce & Eastom
Chronology
1906-1907 Portland
Directory Listings
1901 PCD pg. 264 "Eastom, Charles E, asst mngr Chicago Fine Art Assn, rms 517 Goodnough bldg." (Please see listing of Draper in this book)
1903 PCD pg. 315 "Eastom, Charles E, sol, rms Goodnough Bldg"
1904 PCD pg. 352 not listed
1905 PCD pg. 383 "Easton (sic) Charles, rms 386 1st"
1906 PCD pg. 388 "Eastom, Charles E, portraits, 126 12th, rms Goodnough bldg"
1907 POW pg. 373 Portland: "Boyce & Eastom (sic) (Charles A. Boyce, Charles E. Eastom-sic) portraits 126 12th."
1907 PCD not listed
1909 PCD pg. 510 "Easton, Charles E (Standard art Co. res 231 1/2 Halsey", "Standard Art Co. (J. J. Casey, C. E. Easton), 392 Morrison"


Eaton, Frank B. ( -1938)
Chronology
1887: Portland
News Items and Advertisements
1887: "CAMERA CLUB. This club, which was organized about a year ago, held a meeting Wednesday night in Dr. F. B. Eaton's office, and elected the following officers: Frank Woolsey, president; W. F. Woodward, secretary; and W. W. Bretherton, corresponding secretary. Several new members were admitted. The object of this club is to foster and encourage amateur photography." Oregonian, 24 July 1887 pg. 3, col. 2.
1938: "DR. FRANK EATON, EX-RESIDENT, DIES. Practice of 30 Years Here by Specialist Recalled. Glendale, Cal., Oct. 11 (AP)- Dr. Frank Eaton, for 30 years an eye, ear and nose specialist in Portlad, Or., died in the Windsor hospital here Monday, following a stroke of paralysis. He was 87 years old.
Educated at Cornell and in Vienna, Dr. Eaton was an authority on the eye disease trachoma, doing work on it for the government in the southern states a quarter of a century ago. He also practiced in San Francisco before he came here to retire. <ed note- the meaning is that he went to San Francisco to work before he came to Glendale to retire>
Dr. Eaton held degrees from Johns Hopkins and the University of California, as well as from Cornell.
Two daughters, Miss Helen Eaton of Hollywood ad Mrs. W. Waldo Safholm, Glendale, and a son, Joseph, of Hollywood, survive.
Dr. Frank B. Eaton was recalled here Tuesday by veteran members of the medical profession. He left here to practice in California in 1910. He was an associate of Dr. D. A. J. McKenzie, once dean of the University of Oregon medical school." Oregonian, 12 October 1938


Eaton, James H.Chronology
1894-1909 Portland
1913 Scotts Mills
Directory Listings
1894 PCD pg. 205 "Eaton, James H photographer C A Alvord, rms 225 1/2 1st"
1895 PCD pg. 280 "Eaton, James H photographer John S Potter, rms 225 1/2 1st"
1896 PCD pg. 262 "Eaton, James photographer J S Potter, rms 225 1/2 1st"
1897 PCD pg. 257 "Eaton, James H photographer rms 225 1/2 1st"
1898 PCD pg. 264 "Eaton, James H photographer 285 1st, rms same"
1899 PCD pg. 274 "Eaton, James H photog 285 1/2 1st, rms same"
1900 PCD pg. 283 "Eaton, James H photographer 285 1st, rms same"
1901 PCD pg. 264 "Eaton, James H, photographer 285 1/2 1st, rms same"
1901 POWA pg. 297 Portland "Eaton, James H photogr 285 1/2 1st"
1902 PCD pg. 334 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, rms same"
1903 PCD pg. 315 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, rms same"
1904 PCD pg. 353 "Eaton, James H, photog, 285 1/2 1st, res same"; "Eaton, Mrs. James H, raphia wkr, res 285 1/2 1st"
1905 PCD pg. 382 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, rms same"; "Eaton, Mrs. James H, raphia wkr, res 285 1/2 1st"
1906 PCD pg. 388 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, res same"
1907 PCD pg. 486 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, res same"
1909 PCD pg. 510 "Eaton, James H, photog 285 1/2 1st, res same"
1910 Or. not listed (285 1/2 1st is Taylor, J. F)
1910 PCD not listed
1911 Salem: Scotts Mills - not listed
1913 Salem pg. 338 Scotts Mills "Eaton, James H. (Minnie O) photographer"
Photographer's Imprints
"Eaton, 285 1/2 First St, Portland" 8x10 print on larger card mount. (OHS)
"Views, Snap Shots, Flash Lights, Interiors, James H. Eaton, Photographer, 225 First St., Portland, Oregon" imprint on back of view.
"James H. Eaton, Potter's Studio, 225 First St., Portland, Ore." embossed on mount, 6 1/2" x 8 1/2" print. (OHS collection)
Bibliography
Brown, Robert O., Nineteenth Century Portland, Oregon Photographers: A Collector's Handbook (author; Portland, 1991) pg. 62


Eaton, J. M.
Chronology
1913 Dallas
Directory Listings
1913 POW pg. 1950 photographers "Eaton, J. M., Dallas O"


Eby, Felix G.
Mulit & Eby
Chronology
1889-1891 Woodburn
Directory Listings
1889 POWI pg. 502 Woodburn "Eby, Felix G photographer"